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					                 MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
            LANGUAGES EXAMINATIONS BOARD



ENGLISH BASE PAPER (ANSWERS)
PAPER F

Reading

Task 1                Military Reading
Task 2                Civilian Reading

Time allowed          40 minutes (Roman & Cyrillic scripts)
Time allowed          50 minutes (non-Roman scripts)

Candidates should attempt all the questions.
All answers must be written in English.
All notes, rough work and answers must be written on the examination paper.

Do not turn this page over until instructed to do so




University of Westminster &                            SLP2 Language Reading
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board          **/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                   Page 1 of 5
Task 1
Military Reading

Read the text and answer the questions in English. The text is about
peacekeeping in Sudan.

Sudan has agreed to allow 3000 UN troops into Darfur to try to improve
security there. The UN Secretary General has said that this is a very positive
development.

The UN troops are going to help the 7000 troops from the African Union (AU)
who are currently in Sudan. This is the first time that AU troops have
deployed on peacekeeping duties. The troops are in some difficulty and need
extra support. Rebel groups have shot at them and have kidnapped some.
The UN will now move quickly to provide the AU troops with the support they
need. It is going to deploy helicopters and armoured personnel carriers.

The peacekeepers are in Darfur to protect the civilians. In reality, however,
AU troops have only actively tried to prevent the Sudanese militia from
harming civilians on two occasions.

The conflict in Darfur is one of the worst conflicts in the world. So far 200,000
people have been killed and at least 2.4 million people have had to leave their
homes. Aid agencies are trying to get more help to Darfur. One agency says
that it needs £5 million to help people who are trying to escape the violence in
Darfur. At present, aid agencies are providing clean water and health
services to more than 500,000 people in the area. But they are unable to
reach one million people who are not getting any help at all. This is because
some of the Sudanese militia are attacking aid workers

Questions

1. What does the UN Secretary General think represents a positive
   development in Sudan?
2. What experience do AU troops have in peacekeeping?
3. What has happened to African Union (AU) troops currently deployed in
   Sudan?
4. What sort of equipment is the UN going to deploy?
5. How have AU troops responded to attacks on civilians in the area?
6. Why is the conflict in Darfur considered to be one of the worst in the world?
7. What sort of services are aid agencies currently providing to people in
   Darfur?
8. Why are one million people not receiving any assistance at all?


University of Westminster &                                SLP2 Language Reading
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board              **/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                       Page 2 of 5
Answers

 1. Sudan has agreed to 3000 UN troops being deployed to Darfur (to improve
 security).

 2. This is their first peacekeeping mission OR none

 3. Rebel groups have shot at them and have kidnapped them. (½ mark
 each)

 4. Helicopters and armoured personnel carriers. (No half marks)

 5. AU troops have only actively tried to prevent the Sudanese militia from
 harming civilians a couple of times.

 6. So far 200,000 people have been killed and at least 2.4 million people
 have had to leave their homes.

 7. Aid agencies are providing clean water and health services.

 8. Because the Aid agencies cannot reach them/ because the Sudanese
 militia are attacking Aid agency staff. (Either/or)




 University of Westminster &                              SLP2 Language Reading
 Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board            **/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 3 of 5
Task 2
Civilian Reading

Read the text and answer the questions in English. The text is about
labourers building for the Beijing Olympics.

Many labourers from poor rural areas of China are working 7 days a week to
build the facilities for the Beijing Olympics. They are paid a weekly salary of
£20 from which money is deducted for food. Some of the labourers are only
teenagers and they are working with only basic safety equipment.

Last month 6 workers were killed when part of a tunnel collapsed. The
building company waited for 8 hours to report the accident. During this time
they tried to rescue the workers themselves. They failed. Building managers
took away the labourers’ mobile phones so they were not able to tell other
people about the accident. However, one labourer managed to call the police
and the information was finally sent to the authorities in Beijing.

8000 labourers have been working for over 3 years on the Olympic site in
north Beijing. The labourers live in office buildings that have been turned into
sleeping accommodation. The labourers live 12 to a room in unheated
buildings with no running water.

One journalist was able to speak to a 17-year-old labourer, Junle. The
labourer is small and light and was therefore chosen to work on the stadium
roof 100 metres above the ground. He works in all weathers with bare-hands
and old training shoes. The previous night a guard saw Junle entering the
building site without his helmet and told his boss. Junle was fined 4 days’
pay. This will be deducted from his next pay packet.

Questions

1. What happens to part of the labourers’ weekly salary?
2. What equipment is provided for the labourers’ safety?
3. What did the building company do before reporting the accident in the
   workplace?
4. How did building supervisors ensure that labourers did not relay
   information about an accident to the outside world?
5. Give 2 details about the labourers’ accommodation.
6. Why was Junle chosen to work on the stadium roof?
7. Which health and safety rule did Junle break?
8. What is Junle’s punishment?




University of Westminster &                                SLP2 Language Reading
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board              **/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                       Page 4 of 5
Answers

1. It is deducted for food.

2. Only basic safety equipment.

3. They tried to rescue the labourers themselves / waited 8 hours.

4. They took away their mobile phones.

5. Former office accommodation. 12 to a room. Unheated. No running
   water. (Choose any 2 – no half marks).

6. Because he is small and light.

7. He entered the building site without his helmet.

8. He has been fined 4 days’ pay.




University of Westminster &                             SLP2 Language Reading
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board           **/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                    Page 5 of 5
                    MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
               LANGUAGES EXAMINATIONS BOARD




OPERATIONAL SLP2
THAI
PAPER F


Tapescripts


Task 1                Military Listening
Task 2                Civilian Listening




University of Westminster &                        SLP2 Thai Tapescripts
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board    TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                             Page 1 of 5
Task 1
Military Listening (English version)
The passage concerns events in Iraq.
A joint operation, led by the Iraqi Police Service (IPS) and supported by British
forces, has uncovered a sizeable arms cache in the countryside to the south
of Basra.

The operation took place on Sunday morning and saw British troops working
closely with the police. The aim of the operation was to arrest any individuals
suspected of criminal activity and seize weapons held illegally under Iraqi law.

The IPS searched several properties in two villages about 35 km south of
Basra. As a result of the operation five individuals were held by the IPS. They
were bought to the police headquarters where officers are continuing to
question them.

In addition, a number of weapons, including four Rocket Propelled Grenades
and Heavy Machine Guns were seized.

Major Michael Hill, the Officer Commanding the British elements, said that he
was happy that the operation removed some of the weapons that were going
to be used by insurgents against multinational and Iraqi government forces.
He also said that it demonstrates that cooperation between the British-led
Multinational Division (South-East) and the local police force has been
improved in recent months.
Questions
1.      What has been discovered?
2.      Who took part in the operation?
3. & 4. What was the aim of the operation? (2 points required)
5.      Where did the operation take place?
6.      What happened to the detainees?
7.      Give two details about the items that were discovered.
8.      How does Major Michael Hill feel about the relationship between
        British Forces and local police?
Answers
1.      A large arms cache.
2.      The Iraqi Police service and British forces
3. & 4. To arrest individuals suspected of criminal activity and to seize illegally
        held weapons
5.      In two villages (0.5) about 35 km south of Basra (0.5)
6.      They were brought to the police headquarter for questioning
7.      A number of weapons / including four Rocket Propelled Grenades / a
        Heavy Machine Gun and a number of AK variants (0.5 each, 1 point max.)
8.      That cooperation between the British-led Multinational Division and the
        local police force has improved

University of Westminster &                                 SLP2 Thai Tapescripts
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board             TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 2 of 5
Task 1
Military Listening (Thai Version)


หนวยปฏิบัติการรวม นําโดยกองตํารวจบริการของอิรัก และไดรับการสนับสนุน
                                                  
จากกองทัพสหราชอาณาจักรอังกฤษ ไดคนพบแหลงที่ซอนอาวุธจํานวนมาก ใน
ชนบททางตอนใตของเมืองบาสรา
มีการปฏิบัติการในวันอาทิตยตอนเชา และไดเห็นกองทัพสหราชอาณาจักรอังกฤษ
ทํางานอยางใกลชิดรวมกับตํารวจ จุดหมายในการปฏิบัติการนี้ คือตองการจับผูตอง
สงสัยในการกระทําอาชญกรรม และยึดอาวุธที่ถือวาผิดกฏหมายของอิรัก

                                                
กองตํารวจบริการของอิรัก ไดคนบานหลายหลังในหมูบานสองหมูบานประมาณ 35
ก.ม. ไปทางใตของบาสรา จากผลของการปฏิบัติการ กองตํารวจบริการของอิรักได
จับกุม คนหาคน พวกเขาถูกพาตัวไปที่สํานักงานใหญของกองตํารวจ ที่ซึ่งเจาหนาที่
ทําการสืบสวนตอไป
                                                                      ู
นอกจากนั้นยังมีอาวุธหลายชนิด รวมทั้งระเบิดหัวจรวด และปนกลใหญไดถกยึดไป

นายพันตรี ไมเคิล ฮิล ผูบัญชาการ ฐานทัพสหราชอาณาจักรอังกฤษ กลาววา เขาดีใจ
ที่มี การปฏิบัติการเคลื่อนยายอาวุธออกไปบาง เพราะมันจะถูกนําไปใชในการกอ
การรายตอ ชาติอื่นๆ และกองทัพของรัฐบาลอิรัก เขากลาวดวยวา มันเปนการแสดง
วาความรวมมือ
ระหวางหนวยนาๆชาติ ที่สหราชอาณาจักรอังกฤษเปนผูนํา (ตะวันออกเฉียงใต) และ
กอง ตํารวจทองถิ่น ดีขึ้นในเดือนที่ผานมา




University of Westminster &                            SLP2 Thai Tapescripts
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board        TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                 Page 3 of 5
Task 2
Civilian Listening (English Version)
This passage is about transport disasters.
Two major transport disasters have recently struck Indonesia. The first
disaster took place last month when a ferry sank in a storm. The ferry had
been on a 2-day trip from Borneo to Java. As the wind grew stronger, the sea
conditions became worse. Suddenly the ferry capsized and sank. At the time
of the sinking the ferry was carrying 640 people. Some managed to get into
lifeboats, but many people had to swim to islands nearby or survive by holding
onto pieces of wood. Four naval ships and at least 2 aircraft tried to find
survivors, but it was difficult to see in the poor weather. 500 people are still
missing. Officials say that the ferry was built in Japan in 1990 and had been in
good condition.

The second transport disaster was an air crash in which 23 people were killed.
The Indonesian aircraft was landing at the airport in Java when the accident
took place. The aircraft overshot the runway and burst into flames. At the
time the aircraft was carrying 133 passengers and 7 crew. Most of the
passengers and crew were able to escape through emergency exits.

Indonesia must now try to improve its transport safety record.

Questions

1.     When did the first transport disaster take place?
2.     What happened to the ferry?
3.     How many passengers were on board at the time of the disaster?
4.     Give one method by which passengers who failed to get into lifeboats tried
       to survive.
5.     Why were the rescue services unable to save many people?
6.     How did officials describe the seaworthiness of the ferry?
7.     Where did the second transport disaster take place?
8.     What happened to most of the passengers and crew?


Answers

1.     Last month.
2.     It capsized/ sank.
3.     640 people.
4.     They swam to islands nearby OR (floated) by holding onto pieces of wood.
       (No marks for just 'swimming'.)
5.     It was difficult to see in the poor weather.
6.     It was in good condition.
7.     At the airport in Java (when an aircraft was landing).
8.     They were able to escape (through emergency exits).



University of Westminster &                                 SLP2 Thai Tapescripts
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board             TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 4 of 5
Task 2
Civilian Listening (Thai Version)

เมื่อไมนานมานี้ การคมนาคมของอินโดนีเซียประสบอุบัติเหตุที่รายแรง สองครั้ง
ครั้งแรก เกิดขึ้นเมื่อเดือนที่แลวเมื่อพายุพัดเรือเฟอรรี่ลม เรือเฟอรรี่เดินทางเปนเวลา
สองวัน จากบอเนียวไปชวา เมื่อพายุพัดแรงขึ้นสภาพทะเลก็แยลง ทันใดนั้นเรือเฟอร
รี่ก็ลมและจมลง ในขณะนั้นเรือเฟอรรี่ มีผูโดยสาร 640 คน บางคนก็สามารถขึนเรือ         ้
กูชีพได แตมีหลายคนที่ตองวายน้ําไปที่เกาะใกลๆ หรือรอดชีวิตไดโดยการเกาะกับ
ทอนไม มีเรือนาวี สี่ลํา และเครื่องบินสองลําเปนอยางนอย พยายามคนหา
ผูรอดชีวิต แตเพราะสภาพ อากาศที่ไมดีก็ไมสามารถมองเห็นไดงาย มีคน500 คนที่
ยังสูญหายอยู เจาหนาที่กลาว วา เรือเฟอรรี่สรางในประเทศญี่ปุน เมื่อป 1990 และ
ยังมีสภาพที่ดีอยู

อุบัติเหตุที่รายแรงครั้งที่สอง คือเครื่องบินตกและมีคน 23 คนเสียชีวิต เครื่องบิน
ของ อินโดนีเซียกําลังรอนลงที่สนามบินชวา แลวเกิดอุบัติเหตุ เครื่องบินพุงเลย
รันเวย ไปแลวระเบิดเปนไฟ ขณะนั้นเครื่องบินมีผูโดยสาร 133 คน และลูกเรืออีก 7
คน ผูโดยสารสวนมากและลูกเรือหนีออกมาไดทางๆออกฉุกเฉิน

ตอนนี้อินโดนีเซียจะตองพยายามทําใหประวัติความปลอดภัยทางคมนาคมดีขึ้น




University of Westminster &                                    SLP2 Thai Tapescripts
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board                TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                         Page 5 of 5
                 MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
            LANGUAGES EXAMINATIONS BOARD




OPERATIONAL SLP2
THAI
PAPER F


Speaking
Examiners’ Pack

Task 1                        Transacting Business (Social) – 10 minutes
                              approx.
Task 2                        General Conversation – 10 minutes approx.
Task 3                        Situational Interpreting – 10 minutes approx.

Time allowed                  30 minutes approx.

Contents
Page 1      Cover sheet
Page 2      Task 1 Transacting Business – Examiners’ Brief
Page 3      Task 1 Transacting Business – Service Colleague’s Checklist
Page 4      Task 1 Transacting Business – Candidate’s Brief
Page 4      Task 2 General Conversation – Examiners’ Brief
Page 5      Task 3   Situational Interpreting (English Version) – Service
                     Colleagues’ Brief
Page 6      Task 3 Situational Interpreting (Thai Version) – Examiners’ Brief




University of Westminster                               SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board            TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 1 of 7
Task 1
Transacting Business
Examiners’ Brief

Scenario: Meeting between a British officer with a local who has arrived at
the Guardroom.

Candidate                    Examiner                      Service Colleague

Hello. Please can you        I cannot give you my          Person unwilling to
give me your name and        name or address. It           give name or address
tell me where you are        would be too dangerous        – too dangerous for
from.                        for me and my family.         them and family.

I understand that you        Yes. I was in the café last   He/she overheard 2
have some information        night and I heard 2 men       men talking in the café
about a bomb. Where          talking about planting        last night about
did you get this             bombs.                        planting bombs.
information from?

Do you know where the        They were talking about 2     2 bombs: one in the
bomb will be?                bombs. The first bomb         market place and one
                             will be in the market place   at the hospital
                             and the second bomb will      entrance.
                             be at the entrance to the
                             hospital.

When are these bombs         I think the bomb in the       He/she thinks that the
meant to go off?             market place will go off at   bomb in the market
                             10.15a.m. The second          place will go off at
                             bomb at the hospital will     10.15a.m. The second
                             go off shortly afterwards.    bomb at the hospital
                                                           will go off shortly
                                                           afterwards.

Why are you giving us        My son works at the           His/her son works at
this information?            hospital. I have already      the hospital. He/she
                             lost one son. I do not        has already lost one
                             want to lose another. I       son and does not want
                             want you to stop this.        to lose another.




University of Westminster                                  SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board               TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                         Page 2 of 7
Task 1
Transacting Business
Service Colleague’s Checklist

Your task in the examination is to check in English the information that the
candidate brings back from a dialogue with the native speaker examiner.

Scenario: Meeting between a British officer with a local who has arrived at
the Guardroom.

The candidate should give you the following information:

   1. The local cannot give his/her name or address because it would be too
      dangerous for them and their family.

   2. He/she was in the café last night and overheard 2 men talking about
      planting bombs.

   3. The first bomb will be in the market place and the second bomb will be
      at the entrance to the hospital.

   4. He/she thinks that the bomb in the market place will go off at 10.15
      a.m. and the bomb in the hospital will go off shortly afterwards.

   5. His/her son works at the hospital. He/she has already lost one son and
      does not want to lose another.




University of Westminster                               SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board            TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 3 of 7
Task 1
Transacting Business
Candidates’ Instructions

You have been sent as the only Thai speaker available to transact business.
You play the role of the British serviceman/woman and the examiner will play
the role of the opposite number/interlocutor.

When the transaction has finished you should then brief the service colleague
in the room.

Scenario: You have been called by the Operations Officer to talk to a local
civilian. A soldier with a little local language has already found out that the
person is talking about a bomb. The Ops Officer wants you to use your
superior language skills to find out more details. You have made some notes
from your quick discussion with the Ops Officer.


 Notes from short briefing by Ops Officer:

         •   Find out who the person is and where he is from.

         •   Tell him that you understand that he has some information
             about a potential bomb. Where did he get the information
             from?

         •   Where is the bomb going to be?

         •   When is the bomb going to be detonated?

         •   Why is this man willing to come forward with this information?

 Please take note of any other information you are given and report
 back on your return.



Task 2
General Conversation

Candidates conduct a general conversation with the examiner. Conversation
topics may include the candidate’s work, family and interests, as well as
simple items of military or general interest.




University of Westminster                               SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board            TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                      Page 4 of 7
Task 3
Situational Interpreting (English Version)
Service Colleagues’ Brief
Your task as Service Colleague is to explain the conduct of the Situational
Interpreting to the candidate, and then take part in the scenario.
You should read the following instructions to the candidate:
In this task you will be the interpreter, the examiner will play the part of the
native speaker, and I will represent the British military.
Your unit is carrying out a house search. You are required to interpret
between your OC and the house owner.

OC:    We have found a machine gun and some ammunition hidden behind a
       cupboard. Who do they belong to?

House owner:       I do not know. I am a doctor. I spend my life helping the
     sick and injured. Why would I want anything to do with guns?

OC:    You must know something about the guns. You own this house. If you
       didn’t hide them behind the cupboard, who did?

House owner:     I admit I own this house, but I have many visitors. It could
     be anybody. Why should it be me?

OC:    All right. Tell me about your family. I heard you have a son. Tell me
       about him.

House owner:      He is a medical student. I cannot believe that he would
     have anything to do with weapons.

OC:    So, where is your son? It is 2 in the morning. He should be at home,
       shouldn’t he? I would like to talk to him.

House owner:       He is not here at the moment. He is at the hospital. He
     helps with the patients in order to earn some extra money.

OC:    You understand I will need to check your information before we leave
       here. Which hospital does he work at?

House owner:       He works at the main hospital in the centre of town. I can
     give you the telephone numbers of the people to contact if you like.

(213 words)




University of Westminster                                  SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board               TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                         Page 5 of 7
Task 3
Situational Interpreting (Thai Version)

Scenario: Your unit is carrying out a house search. You are required to
interpret between your OC and the house owner.

OC :           เราไดพบปนกล และกระสุนแอบไวหลังตู มันเปนของใคร?

เจาของบาน : ผมไมทราบ ผมเปนหมอ ผมใชเวลาในชีวิตผมชวยคนปวย และ
บาดเจ็บ ทําไมผมจะตองไปยุงเรื่องปนดวย?

OC :           คุณจะตองรูเรื่องปนบาง คุณเปนเจาของบาน ถาคุณไมแอบมันไวหลังตู
แลว ใครเลาจะแอบมัน?

เจาของบาน : ผมยอมรับวาผมเปนเจาของบาน แตผมก็มีแขกมาก มันอาจจะเปนใครก็
ได ทําไมมันจะตองเปนผมดวย?

OC:          ตกลงครับ บอกผมเรื่องครอบครัวของคุณซิ ไดขาววาคุณมีลูกชายคนหนึ่ง
บอกผมเรื่องลูกชายของคุณซิ

เจาของบาน : เขาเปนนักเรียนแพทย ผมไมเชื่อวาเขาจะเกี่ยวของกับอาวุธอยางไรเลย

OC:        แลวลูกชายของคุณอยูที่ไหน นี่มันตีสองตอนเชา เขาควรจะอยูบานไมใชรึ
ผมอยากจะคุยกับเขา

เจาของบาน : ตอนนี้เขาไมอยู เขาอยูที่โรงพยาบาล เขาชวยทํางานกับคนไข เพื่อจะได
รายไดพิเศษ

OC:           คุณเขาใจนะ ผมจะตองเช็คขอมูลที่คุณบอก กอนที่เราจะออกไปจากที่นี่
เขาทํางานที่โรงพยาบาลอะไร?

University of Westminster                                   SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board                TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                          Page 6 of 7
                                          ่
เจาของบาน : เขาทํางานที่โรงพยาบาลใหญ ทีอยูกลางเมือง ผมจะใหเบอรโทรศัพท
ของคนที่คุณติดตอได ถาตองการ




University of Westminster                              SLP2 Thai Examiners’ Pack
Ministry of Defence Languages Examinations Board           TH/07-08/OP/Paper F
                                                                     Page 7 of 7