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Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis, Tennessee
City of Memphis Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website 38166-38168, 38173-38175, 38177, 38181-38182, 38184, 38186-38188, 38190, 38193-38194, 38197 901 47-48000[2] 1326388[3]

Memphis is a city in the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee, and the county seat of Shelby County. Memphis rises above the Mississippi River on the 4th Seal Chickasaw Bluff just south of the mouth of the Wolf River. Flag As of 2007, Memphis had an estimated population of Nickname(s): The River City, The Bluff City, M-Town 677,272, making it the largest city in the state of Tennessee, the second largest in the Southeastern United States, and the 18th largest in the United States.[1] The greater Memphis metropolitan area, including adjacent counties in Mississippi and Arkansas, has a population of 1,280,533. This makes Memphis the second largest metropolitan area in Tennessee, surpassed only by metropolitan Nashville, which overtook Memphis in recent years. Memphis is the youngest of Tennessee’s four major Location in Shelby County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: 35°07′03″N 89°58′16″W / 35.1175°N 89.97111°W / cities (traditionally including Knoxville, Chattanooga, 35.1175; -89.97111 and Nashville). A resident of Memphis is referred to as a Memphian and the Memphis region is known, particularly Country United States to media outlets, as the "Mid-South." State Tennessee
County Founded Incorporated Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation Shelby 1819 1826 W. W. Herenton (D) 313.8 sq mi (763.4 km2) 302.3 sq mi (723.4 km2) 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2) 337 ft (103 m)

Early history
Because it occupies a substantial bluff rising from the Mississippi river bank, the area is a natural location for settlement. The Memphis area was first settled by the Mississippian Culture and then by the Chickasaw Indian tribe. European exploration came years later, with Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and French explorers led by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle.[4] The land comprising present-day Memphis remained in a largely unorganized territory throughout most of the 18th century. By 1796, the community was the westernmost point of the newly admitted state of Tennessee, located in the Southeast America.

Population (2007)[1] - City 677,272 (18th) - Density 2,327.4/sq mi (898.6/km2) - Metro 1,280,533 - Demonym Memphian Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP Codes CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5)

19th century
named after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile

37501, 37544, 38101-38120, 38122, 38124-38128, Memphis was founded in 1819 by John Overton, James 38130-38139, 38141-38142, 38145, 38147-38148, [5][6] The city was 38150-38152, 38157, 38159, 38161, 38163, Winchester and Andrew Jackson.


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Memphis, Tennessee

Cotton merchants on Union Avenue (1937) extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful Movement. During the 1960s the city was at the center of civil rights issues, notably the location of a sanitation workers’ strike. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motel, the day after giving his prophetic I’ve Been to the Mountaintop speech at the Mason Temple. Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south. Many renowned musicians grew up in and around the Memphis and northern Mississippi area.[9] These included such musical greats as Elvis Presley, Muddy Waters, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Robert Johnson, W.C. Handy, B.B. King, Howlin’ Wolf, Isaac Hayes, Booker T. Jones, and Al Green.

A Mississippian era priest (Digital illustration, 2004) River. Memphis developed as a transportation center in the 19th century because of its flood-free location, high above the Mississippi River. As the cotton economy of the antebellum South depended on the forced labor of large numbers of AfricanAmerican slaves, Memphis became a major slave market. In 1857, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was completed, the only East-West railroad across the southern states prior to the Civil War. Tennessee seceded from the Union in June 1861 and Memphis briefly became a Confederate stronghold. Union forces captured Memphis in the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, and the city remained under Union control for the duration of the war. Memphis became a Union supply base and continued to prosper throughout the war. In the 1870s a series of yellow fever epidemics hit the city. The worst outbreak, in 1878, reduced the population by nearly 75% as many people died or fled the city permanently. Property tax revenues collapsed, and the city could not make payments on its municipal debts. As a result, Memphis lost its city charter and became a taxing district. It operated as a taxing district in 1878-1893 and was rechartered in 1893.[7]

Geography and climate

20th century
Memphis grew into the world’s largest spot cotton market and the world’s largest hardwood lumber market. Into the 1950s, it was the world’s largest mule market.[8] From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a hotbed of machine politics under the direction of E. H. "Boss" Crump. During the Crump era, Memphis developed an

Skyline of Memphis as seen from the Hernando de Soto Bridge Memphis is located in southwestern Tennessee at 35°7′3″N 89°58′16″W / 35.1175°N 89.97111°W / 35.1175; -89.97111.[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 313.8 sq mi


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Memphis, Tennessee
low temperatures of 49°F (9°C) and 31°F (-1°C). Snow does occur sporadically in winter, usually 2" or less. Ice storms are a bigger danger, pulling tree limbs down on power lines.

People and culture
Historical populations Year 1850 The Mud Island Monorail, in Downtown Memphis (2005) (763.4 km²), of which 302.3 sq mi (723.4 km²) is land and 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km²), or 5.24%, is water. 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 (Est.) Pop. 8,841 22,623 40,226 33,592 64,495 102,320 131,105 162,351 253,143 292,942 396,000 497,524 623,530 646,356 610,337 650,100 677,272 %± — 155.9% 77.8% −16.5% 92.0% 58.6% 28.1% 23.8% 55.9% 15.7% 35.2% 25.6% 25.3% 3.7% −5.6% 6.5% 4.2%

The city of Memphis is located in southwestern Tennessee and sits on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. It is the regional hub for a tri-state area of Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee. Interstate 40 (I-40) enters the city from the northeast, and loops above the central part of the city, exiting across the Mississippi River and travelling to the west. Interstate 55 approaches the city from the south and connects with Interstate 240, which completes the loop around central Memphis with I-40, and also leaves to the west.

Shelby County is located over four natural aquifers, one of which is recognized as the "Memphis sand aquifer" or simply as the "Memphis aquifer". This artesian water is pure and soft. This particular water source, located some 350 to 1100 ft (100 - 330 m) underground, is stated to contain more than 100 trillion gallons (380 km³) of water by Memphis Light, Gas, and Water.[11]

Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. According to the 2007 American Community Survey, the city’s population was 32.8% White (30.2% non-HispanicWhite alone), 63.1% Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.7 Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.9% from some other race and 1.2% from two or more races. 4.6% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [1] As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 650,100 people, 250,721 households, and 158,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,327.4 people per sq mi (898.6/km²). There were 271,552 housing units at an average density of 972.2 per sq mi (375.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.41% African American, 34.41% White, 1.46% Asian, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.97% of the population. The Memphis Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the 42nd largest in the United States, has a 2003 population of 1,239,337, and includes the Tennessee counties of

Memphis has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. Weather comes from elsewhere: winter weather comes from the upper Great Plains or from the Gulf of Mexico, leading to drastic swings. Summer weather may come from Texas (very hot and dry) or the Gulf (hot and humid.) The average high and low in July are 92°F (33°C) and 73°F (23°C), with high levels of humidity due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Cooler air does not follow a thunderstorm. Early Autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can be hot until late October. Late Autumn is rainy and colder; December is the third rainiest month of the year. Winters are mild to chilly, with average January high and


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Shelby, Tipton, and Fayette, as well as the Mississippi counties of DeSoto, Marshall, Tate, and Tunica, and the Arkansas county of Crittenden.

Memphis, Tennessee


Memphis skyline, view from Tom Lee Park (2006) Memphis’ heritage and outreach of its people far beyond the city’s borders. There are four main events, the Beale Street Music Festival, International Week, the World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest, and the Sunset Symphony. The World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest is the largest pork barbecue cooking contest in the world. Carnival Memphis, formerly known as the Memphis Cotton Carnival, is an annual series of parties and festivities in the month of June that salutes various aspects of Memphis and its industries. An annual King and Queen of Carnival are secretly selected to reign over Carnival activities. The African-American community staged a parallel event known as the Cotton Makers Jubilee from 1935 to 1982, when it merged with Carnival Memphis.[16] An arts festival, the Cooper-Young Festival, is held annually in September in the Cooper-Young district of Midtown Memphis. The event draws artists from all over North America, and includes art sales, contests, and displays.

Memphis Police car (2007) Although in 2004 violent crime in Memphis reached a record low for over a decade, that trend has changed. In 2005, Memphis was ranked the 4th most dangerous city with a population of 500,000 or higher in the U.S.[12] Crime in Memphis increased in 2005, and has seen a dramatic rise in the first half of 2006. Nationally, cities follow similar trends, and crime numbers tend to be cyclical. Local experts and criminologists cite gang recruitment as one possible cause of the rise in crime in Memphis and to a reduction of 66% of federal funding to the Memphis Police Department. In the first half of 2006, robbery of businesses increased 52.5%, robbery of individuals increased 28.5%, and homicide increased 18% over the same period of 2005. The Memphis Police Department has responded with the initiation of Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. (Crime Reduction Using Statistical History), which targets crime hotspots and repeat offenders.[13] Memphis ended 2005 with 154 murders, and 2006 ended with 160 murders. 2007 saw 164 murders and 2008 had 168. In 2006, the Memphis metropolitan area ranked second most dangerous in the nation, it also ranked first most dangerous in 2002 and second most dangerous the year before in 2001. Recently, Memphis ranked second most dangerous among cities over 500,000 in 2007, as well as the second most dangerous metropolitan area once again.[14] In 2006, the Memphis metropolitan area ranked number one in violent crimes for major cities around the U.S according to the FBI’s annual crime rankings, where it had ranked 2nd in 2005.[15]

The arts
Memphis is the home of founders and establishers of various American music genres, including Blues, Gospel, Rock n’ Roll, Buck, Crunk, and "sharecropper" country music (in contrast to the "rhinestone" country sound of Nashville). Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, and B. B. King were all getting their starts in Memphis in the 1950s. They are respectively dubbed the "King" of Country, Rock n’ Roll, and Blues. Well-known writers from Memphis include Civil War historian Shelby Foote and playwright Tennessee Williams. Novelist John Grisham grew up in nearby DeSoto County, Mississippi and many of his books are set in Memphis. Many works of fiction and literature use Memphis as their setting, giving a diverse portrait of the city, its history, and its citizens. These include The Reivers by William Faulkner (1962), September, September by Shelby

Cultural events
One of the largest celebrations the city has is Memphis in May. The month-long series of events promotes


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Foote (1977), The Old Forest and Other Stories by Peter Taylor (1985), the Pulitzer Prize-winning A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor (1986), The Firm by John Grisham (1991), Memphis Afternoons: a Memoir by James Conaway (1993), Cassina Gambrel Was Missing by William Watkins (1999), The Guardian by Beecher Smith (1999), and The Architect by James Williamson (2007).

Memphis, Tennessee
Temple is where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I’ve Been to the Mountaintop" speech the day before he was killed. The church’s Temple of Deliverance is the venue of the National Civil Rights Museum’s Freedom Awards. Other notable and/or large churches in Memphis include Second Presbyterian Church (EPC), Christ United Methodist Church, Idlewild Presbyterian Church (PCUSA), and Calvary Episcopal Church. Memphis is home to two cathedrals. The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Memphis, and St. Mary’s Episcopal Cathedralis the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of West Tennessee. Memphis is home to an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 Muslims of various cultures and ethnicities.[18] Memphis is home to Temple Israel, a Reform synagogue that has approximately 7,000 members, making it one of the largest Reform synagogues in the country. Baron Hirsch Synagogue is the largest Orthodox shul in America.

Cultural references to Memphis
Memphis is the subject of many major pop and country songs, including "Memphis" by Chuck Berry, "Queen of Memphis" by Confederate Railroad, "Memphis Soul Stew" by King Curtis, "Maybe It Was Memphis" by Pam Tillis, "Graceland" by Paul Simon, "Memphis Train" by Rufus Thomas, and "Walking in Memphis" by Marc Cohn. In addition, Memphis is mentioned in scores of other songs, including "Proud Mary" by Creedence Clearwater Revival, "Honky Tonk Women" by the Rolling Stones, "Life Is a Highway" by Tom Cochrane, "Black Velvet" by Alannah Myles, "Cities" by Talking Heads, "Crazed Country Rebel by Hank Williams III, and many others.



FedEx MD-11F (2005) The city’s central location has led to much of its business development. Located on the Mississippi River and intersected by several freight railroads and two Interstate highways, Memphis is ideally located for commerce among the transportation and shipping industry. River barges are unloaded onto trucks and trains. The city is home to Memphis International Airport, the world’s busiest cargo airport, which serves as the primary hub for FedEx shipping. Memphis is the home of nine Fortune 1000 companies.[19] These include the corporate headquarters of FedEx Corporation, AutoZone Incorporated, International Paper, and Thomas & Betts. In addition, Memphis is home to the pharmaceutical/healthcare firm ScheringPlough Corporation, serving as the company’s research & development center. The entertainment and film industry have discovered Memphis in recent years. Several major motion pictures

Asian-American tombstones in Elmwood Cemetery (2006) Since its founding, Memphis has been home to persons of many different faiths. An 1870 map of Memphis shows religious buildings of the Baptist, Catholic, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational, and Christian denominations and a Jewish congregation.[17] In 2009, places of worship exist for Christians, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus. Bellevue Baptist Church is a Southern Baptist megachurch in Memphis that was founded in 1903. Its current membership is approximately 27,000. For many years, it was led by Adrian Rogers, a three-term president of the Southern Baptist Convention. The international headquarters of the Church of God in Christ is located in Memphis. Named after the denomination’s founder, Charles Harrison Mason, Mason


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have been filmed in Memphis, including Mystery Train (1989), The Firm (1993), Cast Away (2000), Forty Shades of Blue (2005), Hustle and Flow (2006), Soul Men (2008) and Walk the Line (2005). The 1992 television movie Memphis, starring Memphis native Cybill Shepherd, who also served as executive producer and writer, was filmed in Memphis. The city appeared in the top eight of the 50 best major metro areas in the U.S. for starting and growing a business in 2000, according to Inc. magazine.

Memphis, Tennessee
Memphis), Memphis College of Art, Le Moyne-Owen College, Crichton College, Christian Brothers University, Baptist College of Health Sciences (formerly Baptist Memorial Hospital School of Nursing), and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (Colleges of Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Graduate Health Sciences and Allied Health Sciences). The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry was founded in 1878 making it the oldest dental college in the South, and the third oldest public college of dentistry in the United States.[20]

Memphis is governed by a mayor and thirteen City Council members, six elected at large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts. In 1995, the council adopted a new district plan which changed council positions to all districts. This plan provides for nine districts, seven with one representative each and two districts with three representatives each. The current mayor of the city of Memphis is Dr. W. W. Herenton In recent years, there have been often rancorous discussions of the potential of a consolidation of unincorporated Shelby County and Memphis into a metropolitan government, similar to that in Nashville.

Interstate 40 (I-40) and Interstate 55 (I-55) are the main freeways in the Memphis area. The interstates I-40 and I-55 (along with rail lines) cross the Mississippi at Memphis into the state of Arkansas.


Hernando de Soto Bridge


Early nursing class in Memphis The city is served by Memphis City Schools while surrounding suburbs in other areas of Shelby County are served by Shelby County Schools. Memphis is home to many private, college-prep schools: Christian Brothers High School (boys), Memphis University School (boys), Hutchison School (girls), St. Mary’s Episcopal School (girls), Briarcrest Christian School (co-ed), St. George’s Independent School (co-ed), Evangelical Christian School (co-ed) and, Lausanne Collegiate School (co-ed) Colleges and universities located in the city include the University of Memphis (formerly Memphis State University), Rhodes College (formerly Southwestern at

Central Station, a stop of the City of New Orleans (2005) A large volume of railroad freight traffic moves through Memphis, thanks to two Mississippi River railroad


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crossings and the convergence of several east-west and north-south rail lines. By the early 20th Century, Memphis had two major rail passenger stations. After rail passenger service declined at mid-century, Memphis Union Station was razed in 1969. Memphis Central Station[21] was renovated and now serves Amtrak’s famed City of New Orleans, providing service between Chicago and New Orleans.

Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is served by Memphis International Airport, which handles more cargo than any other airport in the world as of 2007.

River port

Lorraine Motel in Memphis (2005) National Civil Rights Museum The National Civil Rights Museum is located in the former Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. It includes a historical overview of the American civil rights movement. Brooks Museum of Art The Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee.[24] The Brooks’ permanent collection includes works from the Italian Renaissance and Baroque eras to British, French Impressionists, and 20th-century artists. Graceland Graceland, the former home of Rock ’n’ Roll legend Elvis Presley, is one of the most visited houses in the United States (second only to the White House), attracting over 600,000 domestic and international visitors a year. Featured at Graceland are two of Presley’s private airplanes, his extensive automobile and motorcycle collection and other Elvis memorabilia. On November 7, 1991 Graceland was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[25] Pink Palace The Pink Palace Museum serves as the Mid-South’s major science and historical museum, and features exhibits ranging from archeology to chemistry. It includes America’s third largest planetarium and an IMAX Theatre. One exhibit features a replica of the original Piggly Wiggly store, the first self-service grocery store, commemorating the invention of the supermarket by Memphian Clarence Saunders in 1916. Memphis Walk of Fame The Memphis Walk of Fame is a public exhibit located in the Beale Street historic district, which is modelled after the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but is designated exclusively for Memphis musicians, singers, writers, and composers. Honorees include W. C. Handy, B. B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, and Alberta Hunter among others. Mud Island River Park Mud Island River Park and Mississippi River Museum is located on Mud Island in downtown Memphis. The Park

Three bridges over the Mississippi (2007) Memphis also has the 2nd biggest cargo port on the Mississippi River (the 4th biggest inland port in the United States).[22] The International Port of Memphis covers the Tennessee and Arkansas sides of the Mississippi River from river mile 725 (km 1167) to mile 740 (km 1191).[23]

Four rail and highway bridges cross the Mississippi River at Memphis. They are, in order of their opening year: Frisco Bridge (1892), Harahan Bridge (1916), MemphisArkansas Memorial Bridge (1949) and the Hernando de Soto Bridge (1973).

Tourism and recreation
Museums and art collections
Many museums of interest are located in Memphis.

Memphis Brooks Museum of Art in Memphis (2008)


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Memphis, Tennessee
Shelby Farms park, located at the eastern edge of the city, is one of the largest urban parks in America.

The Memphis National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in north Memphis. Historic Elmwood Cemetery is one of the oldest rural garden cemeteries in the South, and contains the Carlisle S. Page Arboretum. Memorial Park Cemetery is noted for its sculptures by Mexican artist Dionicio Rodriguez.

Other points of interest
Mud Island Mississippi River Park (2006) is noted for its River Walk. The River walk is a 2112:1 scale working model showing 1000 mi (1600 km) of the Lower Mississippi River, from Cairo, Illinois to New Orleans, Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico. 30 in (75 cm) in the model equal 1 mi (1.6 km) of the Mississippi River. The Walk stretches roughly 0.5 mi (800 m), allowing visitors to walk in the water and see models of cities and bridges along the way. Victorian Village Victorian Village is a historic district of Memphis featuring a series of fine Victorian-era mansions, some of which are open to the public as museums. Cotton Museum The Cotton Museum is a museum that opened in March 2006 on the old trading floor of the Memphis Cotton Exchange at 65 Union Avenue in downtown Memphis.

Pyramid Arena (2006) Beale Street Blues fans can visit Beale Street, which used to be the center of the Black community, where a young B.B. King used to play his guitar. He occasionally appears there at the club bearing his name, which he partially owns. Street performers play live music, and bars and clubs feature live entertainment until dawn. In 2008, Beale Street was the most visited tourist attraction in the state of Tennessee. Sun Studio Sun Studio is available for tour, which is where Elvis Presley first recorded "My Happiness" and "That’s When Your Heartaches Begin". Other famous musicians who got their start at Sun include Johnny Cash, Rufus Thomas, Charlie Rich, Howlin’ Wolf, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis. It now contains a museum as well as the still-functioning studio. Memphis Zoo The Memphis Zoo, which is located in midtown Memphis, features many exhibits of mammals, birds, fish, and amphibians from all over the world. It has two Pandas. The Zoo leads all American zoos in births. Other Other Memphis attractions include the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium, the FedExForum and Mississippi riverboat day cruises. Mud Island, a city park downtown, includes an amphitheater, a museum, and a huge working


Memphis National Cemetery (2006) Major Memphis parks include W.C. Handy Park, Tom Lee Park, Audubon Park, Overton Park including the Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Park, the Lichterman Nature Center - a nature learning center, and the Memphis Botanic Garden.


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model of the lower Mississippi. Beautiful botanic gardens are located at Audubon Park (East Memphis). [6]

Memphis, Tennessee
imagegallery.php?EntryID=O023. Retrieved on 2008-10-24. "Memphis History and Facts". Memphis Public Library. history/memphis2.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-24. Adams, James Truslow and Ketz, Louise Bilebof. Dictionary of American history Scribner, 1976, p. 302. City of Memphis Website - History of Memphis Peter Guralnick. New York Times, August 11, 2007 "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Memphis Light, Gas, and Water Website - About Our Services Morgan Quitno 2006 Crime Rankings Memphis ended 2008 with 167 murders, a slight increase from the 164 reported in 2007 Ashby, Andrew (2006-04-07). "Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. Advances at MPD". Memphis Daily News 121 (76). StoryLead.aspx?id=92313. Retrieved on 2007-08-02. Morgan Quitno 2007 Crime Rankings Conley, Christopher (2007-09-27). "Memphis leads U.S. in violent crime". Commercial Appeal. 27/memphis-leads-us-in-violent-crime/. Retrieved on 2007-10-31. Cotton Carnival Bird’s eye view of the city of Memphis, Tennessee 1870. Muslims in Memphis: Diversity in the mosque Fortune 500 2009: States: Tennessee Companies FORTUNE on University of Tennessee-Memphis Dentistry Website Memphis Central Station Pictures Top US Inland Ports for 2003 Port of Memphis website - About Page Memphis Brooks Museum of Art "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.

Memphis is home to several professional sports teams, but college basketball team University of Memphis Tigers is the most successful and popular. • Memphis Grizzlies of the National Basketball Association, the only one of the "big four" major sports leagues in the city • Memphis Redbirds of the Pacific Coast League, a Triple A baseball farm team for the St. Louis Cardinals • Mississippi RiverKings, a professional hockey team of the Central Hockey League Memphis is home to Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium which is the site of University of Memphis football, AutoZone Liberty Bowl and Southern Heritage Classic. Memphis is home to the annual Stanford St. Jude Championship, a regular part of the PGA Tour. Memphis has a significant history in pro wrestling. Jerry "The King" Lawler is the sport’s greatest name to come out of the city. Sputnik Monroe, a wrestler of the 1950s, promoted racial integration. Memphis is home to Memphis Motorsports Park, just north of the city near Millington, Tennessee. [7]

[8] [9] [10]

[11] [12] [13]

[14] [15]

See also
• List of famous people from Memphis • List of mayors of Memphis • Memphis Mafia [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25]

[1] ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-07-14. Retrieved on 2008-07-14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture Fort Prudhomme and La Salle "TN Encyclopedia: John Overton". The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture.



External links
• • • • • • Official City Government Website Memphis Convention & Visitors Bureau Memphis Chamber of Commerce Memphis History Memphis Daily Newspaper - The Commercial Appeal Bird’s eye view of the city of Memphis, Tennessee 1870. (Library of Congress)

[4] [5]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Perspective map of the city of Memphis, Tenn. 1887. (Library of Congress) • Memphis, Tennessee travel guide from Wikitravel

Memphis, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°07′03″N 89°58′16″W / 35.117365°N 89.971068°W / 35.117365; -89.971068

Retrieved from ",_Tennessee" Categories: Universities and colleges in the Memphis Metro Area, Settlements established in 1819, Memphis, Tennessee, Cities in Tennessee, United States communities with African American majority populations, County seats in Tennessee, Memphis metropolitan area This page was last modified on 20 April 2009, at 02:45 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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