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Downtown Lexington 1964-2009...4

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					        Downtown Lexington: 1964 – 2009
                   …45 years of change




By:
Helm Roberts AIA
Architect/Planner
Lexington, KY


                                      1
                                         1964…as it was
The GOOD




                                                  Lots of
                                                   People
A Diverse Commercial Area                       Activity...
                                               Pedestrian
                                                 Oriented
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                    2
The BAD




Railroad
Blocks                                   Broadway and Vine
Main at                                   Railroad, Industry
Midland                                    and Warehousing

                      Train Tie-up on Limestone
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                     3
…and the UGLY                             Billboard Wall Signs




 Overhead Wires                                      Sign
                                                    “Jungles”


 Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                          4
The Way it Was....1965 Flying along Vine Street


                                  Short


                                     Main


        Vine

Railroad                           Flour Mill   Warehouses
             Warehouses

     High



 Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                  5
                    The Central Core of Downtown




                             Main           Court House




                     Vine/RR             Railroad




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                    6
                        Upper and Limestone Streets




                        Short
         Main
                       1st Security

                Main                     Phoenix

                                         K.U.



Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             7
                                         Esplanade Area




                                              Short

                           Sears

                         Main
                                              Wolf
                                              Wile
                Lafayette Hotel



Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                8
                                           East End




       Short                               Herald
                                           Leader
Thoroughbred Park
                                              Main



                  Railroad


                                            Vine


  Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change            9
                  How did it Start?
The Beginning of a Downtown Plan




                                 10
   AIA Downtown Design Group Study - 1964


 Volunteer Effort
 Supported by
  Planning
  Commission
 Eleven
  Architects and
  Landscape
  Architects
  Involved +
  Planning
  Commission
  Staff

Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   11
                    Illustrative Development Plan




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change         12
                                Proposed Street Plan


                             Second


              Broadway




                                                 Rose
                         Expressway



  Downtown Expressway                  Main Street 2-way
  Second Street Parkway             Vine/High One-way Pair
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                       13
                                 Detailed Area Plans




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             14
   Deep Blocks          Near Northside Area Plan




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change        15
    Original “Westside” Area Plan - 1965


                                         Main



                                         Vine




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change          16
                                           Downtown
                                           Plan

                                          Adopted by
                                           Planning
                                           Commission
                                          Incorporated
                                           many
                                           proposals of
                                           the AIA
                                           “Design Plan”




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                     17
“Urban Renewal” - 1970




                    18
 Urban Renewal, The “Money Tree”
  Federal Program, Nix(on)ed in 1972
  How the Projects are Financed
  The Urban Renewal Program
  Survey and Planning                    $    100,000
  Property Acquisition                   $ 4,000,000
  Relocation                             $    300,000
  Demolition                             $ 1,000,000
  Public Improvements                    $ 5,000,000
  Local Administration                   $    500,000
  Gross Project Cost                     $ 10,900,000
  Land Sale Proceeds                     $ 2,500,000
  Net Project Cost                       $ 8,400,000
                    90%
  Federal Grant (90%)                    $ 7,560,000
  Local Share                            $    840,000
  (May be State Funds)
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change              19
                               Proposed “Civic Center”
 Rupp Arena added to project for local support.
 Main/Vine: One-way Pair  Triangle Park Created



                                     Triangle Park   One-Way Pair



      Proposed
     Rupp Arena




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                              20
The Urban Renewal Project in Progress




                                   21
                                         Demolition
  1968 – The Beginning




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change            22
                                     First Projects - 1973

                                             Citizens
               First                          Bank
             Security




                                               Vine Street




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                       23
                                         Rupp Arena – 1975




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                  24
    Lexington Center Completed – 1980




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   25
                                         Festival Market




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                26
                                         Vine Center




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             27
                                         Victorian Square



                                           1970




                    Interior
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                 28
                                         Financial Center




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                 29
                                          Phoenix Park
Park Plaza
Apartments




                                             Phoenix
                                             Park

     Public Library
 Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                30
                                    Courthouse Square
Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             31
                                         Pedestrian
        1980
                                            Bridges
                                          Proposed




                                             1965

Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change              32
Pedestrian Bridges Completed by 2002




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   33
                                         Fountains



                   Financial Center
          Phoenix Park




   Triangle Park

Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change           34
              Where are we?......
              This is a Test!



Can you
guess where
these next
photos were
taken?




                                35
           Main at Broadway, Triangle Park




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   36
 Triangle Park toward Victorian Square




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   37
     Victorian Square, Broadway at Main




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   38
      Victorian Square, Broadway Facade




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   39
                                     Broadway at Main




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             40
                                     Broadway at High




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             41
                                         Vine at Lime




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                  42
                                         Lime at Vine/RR

                                         2009     2002




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                   43
                                          Vine at Lime,
        2002                             Looking West



                                                2009




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                 44
                                         High at Lime




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             45
                      Broadway at Triangle Park




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change       46
                            East Vine from Viaduct




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change          47
                                         Vine to the West




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                 48
                                         High at Mill
            2009
                                           2002




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             49
                                         Main to West




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change             50
The Last 5 years… A residential
                     explosion




                             51
 Since 2002: New Residential




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   52
  New Residential… Last 7 years
      3rd St.


      2nd St.




                                                           Main
                                                           Vine
             Rupp




                                             Limestone
                          Broadway                         High


                                     Upper               Maxwell



                                                                   Euclid
   Newtown
     2010

Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change                                      53
      What are today’s Downtown Issues?
              Where do we go from here?


   Government Center?
   Financial Center?
   Shopping, Convenience Stores?
   More Downtown Living?
   Traffic, Parking / 2-Way Streets?
   Pedestrian / Bike Paths?
   Amenities: Events, Parades, BG 10k?
   Other Issues?




                                          54
   Our Past … and Our Future

 “Those who cannot remember the
   past are condemned to repeat it.”
      George Santayana


  “The best way to predict the future
    is to invent it.”
       Alan Kay


Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   55
    Questions…Comments?




Downtown Lexington… 45 years of change   56

				
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