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IWRM Integrated Water Resources Management-Introduction To Environment Engineering@ YEE PIN

VIEWS: 365 PAGES: 19

									GROUP 1:
LIM KAI WEI                       KI 081119
TAN YEE PIN                       KI 091393
AKANGE BARABAS                    KI 091174
YASEEN MOHAMMAD AMIN              KI 090357

LECTURER’S NAME: MS. A. THILLAI
                  Introduction
-Is a process which promotes the coordinated
development and management of water, land and related
resources in order to maximize the resultant economic
and social welfare in an equitable manner without
compromising the sustainability of vital eco-systems

-Purpose of IWRM:
helps to protect the world’s environment, foster economic
growth and sustainable agricultural development

-Organization involve in IWRM- GWP, USAID, SOPAC
            Dublin Principle
 -Water is finite and vulnerable resource
 -Participatory approach
 -Role of women
 -Social and economic value of water

      INTEGRATING THREE 3 E’
-Economic efficiency in water use:
-Equity
-Environmental and ecological sustainability
PROCESS
 NATIONAL INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES
    MANAGEMENT PLANS AND PHASES

-Identify the range of water resources issues
-Identify the management interventions at all
levels
-Analyse the present institutional capacities at
all levels
-Prepare strategies for development
INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
     AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


 -Economic Growth and Agricultural Development
 -Democracy and Good Governance
 -Human Capacity-building through Education and Training
 -Global Environmental Protection and Long-term Sustainability
 -World Population Stabilization and Human Health Protection
 -Saving Lives and Reducing Suffering Associated with Disasters
       CHALLENGES TO
WATER MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION


Governmental    and Interest Groups.
Geographic Regions.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives.
              IWRM IN MALAYSIA
 --NGO involve in IWRM --> MyWP
 --MyWP’s activities
a) Undertake reviews and/or prepare position papers
    with regard to public policies or plans to address the
    sustainable management of water resources in the
    country.
b) Facilitate and promote capacity building, training and
    educational programmes and activities in IWRM.
c) Publish and disseminate IWRM related information
    among its members and to relevant stakeholders and
    the public through periodic journals, newsletters and
    other appropriate media.
d) Facilitate exchange of expertise for the advancement
    of IWRM related technologies and management skills.
                       OBJECTIVES

   To promote greater awareness in IWRM among all
    stakeholders including the public, water users and
    potential polluters..
   To foster interaction among its members by promoting
    cross sectional and multi-stake holder dialogues at local,
    river basin, state and national levels to meet critical
    needs.
   To provide support in capacity building and training
    programmes and activities related to IWRM.
   To provide support for research and development
    initiatives related to IWRM.
    WHAT HAS MYWP DONE FOR IWRM IN
              MALAYSIA?
   Dialogues & Advocacy
    (Create Awareness & Advocate adoption of IWRM
    principles & practices)
   (Foster interactions among IWRM stakeholders,
    primarily through cross-sectoral & multi-stakeholders’
    dialogues)
   Capacity Building
    (Conduct training & Disseminate knowledge)
   Knowledge Management
    (Promote archiving & sharing of Knowledge on IWRM)
       MAIN ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FACING THE
              MALAYSIAN WATER SECTOR
     Issue                                          Remark and action
Pollution      Activities which pollute water resources are monitored and corrected. Awareness
               campaigns are made among the revering population and the parties responsible for the
               water-polluting activities.

Groundwater    Groundwater exploration programmes are implemented, especially in the main river
               basins, to identify potential aquifers, and protection zones are provided to safeguard this
               important resource

Water-demand Water-supply management shall be replaced by water-demand management in order to
management minimize the exploitation of new water sources. Incentives will be given to industries that
             practice water reuse since they contribute directly to water-demand management and to the
             reduction of effluents.

Research and   A centre is established to coordinate R&D activities, provide direction for research,
development    allocate funding and act as the National Database and Reference Centre. The centre is
               staffed with water professionals from different disciplines and incentives are provided to
               attract the best local and foreign water professionals.
            IWRM IN AFRICA

 South African Department of Water Affairs
  and Forestry (DWAF), Royal Danish
  Government (DANIDA)
 three water management areas

• Crocodile West – Marico (North West
  Province)
• Mvoti to uMzimkulu (Kwa-Zulu Natal)

• Olifants-Doorn (Western Cape Province)
     IWRM PHASE 1 (2000 – 2004)

 develop a number of guidelines related to
  groundwater, water conservation and
  demand management.
 provide support to water management
  institutions such as water user
  associations (WUAs) and catchment
  management agencies (CMAs).
      IWRM PHASE 2 (2006 – 2010)

 direct support and by a partnership between
  the DWAF, the South African Government
  Department and Local Government (DPLG) and
  the South African Local Government Association
  (SALGA).
 Focus on using donor funds

 Adopts a holistic approach that aims to promote
  cooperative governance, empowerment, good
  governance and transparency
                  CONCLUSIONS
 IWRM is the most technically accepted
  approach worldwide to rescue the
  deteriorating water scarcity impacts on
  humans and developments.
 Need to create awareness and more
  awareness on the importance of the need for
  a concrete national policy framework, to
  facilitate the respective sectoral agencies with
  enforcement powers to act in coherent way to
  achieve the objective of IWRM in the country
QUESTION AND ANSWER
THANK YOU.

								
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