GROUP 1: LIM KAI WEI KI 081119 TAN YEE PIN KI 091393 AKANGE BARABAS KI 091174 YASEEN MOHAMMAD AMIN KI 090357 LECTURER’S NAME: MS. A. THILLAI Introduction -Is a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital eco-systems -Purpose of IWRM: helps to protect the world’s environment, foster economic growth and sustainable agricultural development -Organization involve in IWRM- GWP, USAID, SOPAC Dublin Principle -Water is finite and vulnerable resource -Participatory approach -Role of women -Social and economic value of water INTEGRATING THREE 3 E’ -Economic efficiency in water use: -Equity -Environmental and ecological sustainability PROCESS NATIONAL INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PLANS AND PHASES -Identify the range of water resources issues -Identify the management interventions at all levels -Analyse the present institutional capacities at all levels -Prepare strategies for development INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT -Economic Growth and Agricultural Development -Democracy and Good Governance -Human Capacity-building through Education and Training -Global Environmental Protection and Long-term Sustainability -World Population Stabilization and Human Health Protection -Saving Lives and Reducing Suffering Associated with Disasters CHALLENGES TO WATER MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION Governmental and Interest Groups. Geographic Regions. Interdisciplinary Perspectives. IWRM IN MALAYSIA --NGO involve in IWRM --> MyWP --MyWP’s activities a) Undertake reviews and/or prepare position papers with regard to public policies or plans to address the sustainable management of water resources in the country. b) Facilitate and promote capacity building, training and educational programmes and activities in IWRM. c) Publish and disseminate IWRM related information among its members and to relevant stakeholders and the public through periodic journals, newsletters and other appropriate media. d) Facilitate exchange of expertise for the advancement of IWRM related technologies and management skills. OBJECTIVES To promote greater awareness in IWRM among all stakeholders including the public, water users and potential polluters.. To foster interaction among its members by promoting cross sectional and multi-stake holder dialogues at local, river basin, state and national levels to meet critical needs. To provide support in capacity building and training programmes and activities related to IWRM. To provide support for research and development initiatives related to IWRM. WHAT HAS MYWP DONE FOR IWRM IN MALAYSIA? Dialogues & Advocacy (Create Awareness & Advocate adoption of IWRM principles & practices) (Foster interactions among IWRM stakeholders, primarily through cross-sectoral & multi-stakeholders’ dialogues) Capacity Building (Conduct training & Disseminate knowledge) Knowledge Management (Promote archiving & sharing of Knowledge on IWRM) MAIN ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FACING THE MALAYSIAN WATER SECTOR Issue Remark and action Pollution Activities which pollute water resources are monitored and corrected. Awareness campaigns are made among the revering population and the parties responsible for the water-polluting activities. Groundwater Groundwater exploration programmes are implemented, especially in the main river basins, to identify potential aquifers, and protection zones are provided to safeguard this important resource Water-demand Water-supply management shall be replaced by water-demand management in order to management minimize the exploitation of new water sources. Incentives will be given to industries that practice water reuse since they contribute directly to water-demand management and to the reduction of effluents. Research and A centre is established to coordinate R&D activities, provide direction for research, development allocate funding and act as the National Database and Reference Centre. The centre is staffed with water professionals from different disciplines and incentives are provided to attract the best local and foreign water professionals. IWRM IN AFRICA South African Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF), Royal Danish Government (DANIDA) three water management areas • Crocodile West – Marico (North West Province) • Mvoti to uMzimkulu (Kwa-Zulu Natal) • Olifants-Doorn (Western Cape Province) IWRM PHASE 1 (2000 – 2004) develop a number of guidelines related to groundwater, water conservation and demand management. provide support to water management institutions such as water user associations (WUAs) and catchment management agencies (CMAs). IWRM PHASE 2 (2006 – 2010) direct support and by a partnership between the DWAF, the South African Government Department and Local Government (DPLG) and the South African Local Government Association (SALGA). Focus on using donor funds Adopts a holistic approach that aims to promote cooperative governance, empowerment, good governance and transparency CONCLUSIONS IWRM is the most technically accepted approach worldwide to rescue the deteriorating water scarcity impacts on humans and developments. Need to create awareness and more awareness on the importance of the need for a concrete national policy framework, to facilitate the respective sectoral agencies with enforcement powers to act in coherent way to achieve the objective of IWRM in the country QUESTION AND ANSWER THANK YOU.
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