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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell 22 February 1857 (1857-02-22) – 8 January 1941 (1941-01-09) (aged 83) Other work Royal Victorian Order, Order of the Bath Founder of the international Scouting Movement; writer; artist

Founder of Scouting Nickname Place of birth Place of death Service/ branch Years of service Rank Commands held B-P Paddington, London, England Nyeri, Kenya British Army 1876–1910 Lieutenant-General Chief of Staff, Second Matabele War (1896–1897), 5th Dragoon Guards in India (1897), Inspector General of Cavalry, England (1903) Anglo-Ashanti Wars, Second Matabele War, Siege of Mafeking, Second Boer War Ashanti Star (1895),[1] Matabele Campaign, British South Africa Company Medal (1896),[2] Queen’s South Africa Medal (1899),[3] King’s South Africa Medal ( 1902),[4] Boy Scouts Silver Wolf Boy Scouts Silver Buffalo Award (1926),[5] World Scout Committee Bronze Wolf (1935),[6] Großes Dankabzeichen des ÖPB (1927) Großes Ehrenzeichen der Republik am Bande (1931) Goldene Gemse (1931) Order of Merit (1937), Wateler Peace Prize (1937), Order of St Michael and St George,

Battles/ wars

Awards

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (pronounced /ˈbeɪdən ˈpoʊəl/) OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941), also known as B-P or Lord Baden-Powell, was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement. After having been educated at Charterhouse School, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, Baden-Powell successfully defended the city in the Siege of Mafeking. Several of his military books, written for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. Based on those earlier books, he wrote Scouting for Boys, published in 1908 by Pearson, for youth readership. During writing, he tested his ideas through a camping trip on Brownsea Island that began on 1 August 1907, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting. After his marriage with Olave St Clair Soames, Baden-Powell, his sister Agnes Baden-Powell and notably his wife actively gave guidance to the Scouting Movement and the Girl Guides Movement. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri, Kenya, where he died in 1941.

Early life
Baden-Powell was born as Robert Stephenson Smyth Powell, or more familiarly as Stephe Powell, at 6 Stanhope Street (now 11 Stanhope Terrace), Paddington in London, England, UK on 22 February 1857.[7] His father Reverend Baden Powell, a Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford University, already had four teenage children from the second of his two previous marriages. On 10

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
March 1846 at St Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Reverend Powell married Henrietta Grace Smyth (3 September 1824 – 13 October 1914), eldest daughter of Admiral William Henry Smyth and 28 years his junior. Quickly they had Warington (early 1847), George (late 1847), Augustus (1849) and Francis (1850). After three further children who died when very young, they had Stephe, Agnes (1858) and Baden (1860). The three youngest children and the often ill Augustus were close friends. Reverend Powell died when Stephe was three, and as tribute to his father and to set her own children apart from their halfsiblings and cousins, the mother changed the family name to Baden-Powell. Subsequently, Stephe was raised by his mother, a strong woman who was determined that her children would succeed. Baden-Powell would say of her in 1933 "The whole secret of my getting on, lay with my mother."[7][8][9] After attending Rose Hill School, Tunbridge Wells, during which his favourite brother Augustus died, Stephe Baden-Powell was awarded a scholarship to Charterhouse, a prestigious public school. His first introduction to Scouting skills was through stalking and cooking game while avoiding teachers in the nearby woods, which were strictly out-ofbounds. He also played the piano and violin, was an ambidextrous artist, and enjoyed acting. Holidays were spent on yachting or canoeing expeditions with his brothers.[7] for the Director of Military Intelligence.[7] He frequently travelled disguised as a butterfly collector, incorporating plans of military installations into his drawings of butterfly wings.[10] Baden-Powell returned to Africa in 1896 to aid the British South Africa Company colonials under siege in Bulawayo during the Second Matabele War.[11] This was a formative experience for him not only because he had the time of his life commanding reconnaissance missions into enemy territory in Matobo Hills, but because many of his later Boy Scout ideas took hold here.[12] It was during this campaign that he first met and befriended the American scout Frederick Russell Burnham, who introduced BadenPowell to the American Old West and woodcraft (i.e., scoutcraft), and here that he wore his signature Stetson campaign hat and kerchief for the first time.[7] After Rhodesia, Baden-Powell took part in a successful British invasion of Ashanti, West Africa in the Fourth Ashanti War, and at the age of 40 was promoted to lead the 5th Dragoon Guards in 1897 in India.[13] A few years later he wrote a small manual, entitled Aids to Scouting, a summary of lectures he had given on the subject of military scouting, to help train recruits. Using this and other methods he was able to train them to think independently, use their initiative, and survive in the wilderness. He returned to South Africa prior to the Second Boer War and was engaged in further military actions against the Zulus. By this time, he had been promoted to be the youngest colonel in the British Army. He was responsible for the organisation of a force of frontiersmen to assist the regular army. While arranging this, he was trapped in the Siege of Mafeking, and surrounded by a Boer army, at times in excess of 8,000 men. Although wholly outnumbered, the garrison withstood the siege for 217 days. Much of this is attributable to cunning military deceptions instituted at Baden-Powell’s behest as commander of the garrison. Fake minefields were planted and his soldiers were ordered to simulate avoiding non-existent barbed wire while moving between trenches.[14] BadenPowell did most of the reconnaissance work himself.[15] Contrary views of Baden-Powell’s actions during the Siege of Mafeking pointed out that his success in resisting the Boers was secured at the expense of the lives of African

Military career
In 1876, R.S.S. Baden-Powell, as he styled himself then, joined the 13th Hussars in India with the rank of lieutenant. He enhanced and honed his military scouting skills amidst the Zulu in the early 1880s in the Natal province of South Africa, where his regiment had been posted, and where he was Mentioned in Despatches. During one of his travels, he came across a large string of wooden beads, worn by the Zulu king Dinizulu, which was later incorporated into the Wood Badge training programme he started after he founded the Scouting Movement. Baden-Powell’s skills impressed his superiors and he was Brevetted Major as Military Secretary and senior Aide-de-camp of the Commander-inChief and Governor of Malta, his uncle General Sir Henry Augustus Smyth.[7] He was posted in Malta for three years, also working as intelligence officer for the Mediterranean

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
soldiers and civilians, including members of his own African garrison. Pakenham stated that Baden-Powell drastically reduced the rations to the natives’ garrison.[16] However, Pakenham decidedly retreated from this position.[17][7] intelligence officers took great care to inculcate the myth.[23]

Scouting movement
Pronunciation of Baden-Powell /ˈbeɪdən ˈpoʊəl/
Man, Nation, Maiden Please call it Baden. Further, for Powell Rhyme it with Noel

Verse by B-P On his return from Africa in 1903, BadenPowell found that his military training manual, Aids to Scouting, had become a bestseller, and was being used by teachers and youth organisations.[24] Following his involvement in the Boys’ Brigade as Brigade Secretary and Officer in charge of its scouting section, with encouragement from his friend, William Alexander Smith, Baden-Powell decided to re-write Aids to Scouting to suit a youth readership. In August 1907 he held a camp on Brownsea Island for twentytwo boys of mixed social background to test out the applicability of his ideas. Baden-Powell was also influenced by Ernest Thompson Seton, who founded the Woodcraft Indians. Seton gave Baden-Powell a copy of his book The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians and they met in 1906.[25][26][27] Scouting for Boys was subsequently published in six instalments in 1908.

Baden-Powell on patriotic postcard in 1900 During the siege, a cadet corps, consisting of white boys below fighting age, was used to stand guard, carry messages, assist in hospitals and so on, freeing the men for military service. Although Baden-Powell did not form this cadet corps himself, and there is no evidence that he took much notice of them during the Siege, he was sufficiently impressed with both their courage and the equanimity with which they performed their tasks to use them later as an object lesson in the first chapter of Scouting for Boys. The siege was lifted in the Relief of Mafeking on 16 May 1900. Promoted to major-general, Baden-Powell became a national hero.[18] After organising the South African Constabulary, the national police force, he returned to England to take up a post as Inspector General of Cavalry in 1903. In 1907 he was appointed to command a division in the newly-formed Territorial Force.[19] In 1910 Lieutenant-General Baden-Powell decided to retire from the Army reputedly on the advice of King Edward VII, who suggested that he could better serve his country by promoting Scouting.[20][21] On the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Baden-Powell put himself at the disposal of the War Office. No command, however, was given him, for, as Lord Kitchener said: "he could lay his hand on several competent divisional generals but could find no one who could carry on the invaluable work of the Boy Scouts."[22] It was widely rumoured that Baden-Powell was engaged in spying, and

Reviewing the Boy Scouts of Washington D.C. from the portico of the White House: BadenPowell, President Taft, British ambassador Bryce (1912). Boys and girls spontaneously formed Scout troops and the Scouting Movement had inadvertently started, first as a national, and soon an international obsession. The Scouting

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Jam Roll and Eccles were reunited at Gilwell for the 21st World Scout Jamboree in 2007. Recently it has been purchased on behalf of Scouting and is owned by a charity, B-P Jam Roll Ltd. Funds are being raised to repay the loan that was used to purchase the car.[30][31] Baden-Powell also had a positive impact on improvements in youth education.[32] Under his dedicated command the world Scouting Movement grew. By 1922 there were more than a million Scouts in 32 countries; by 1939 the number of Scouts was in excess of 3.3 million.[33] At the 5th World Scout Jamboree in 1937, Baden-Powell gave his farewell to Scouting, and retired from public Scouting life. 22 February, the joint birthday of Robert and Olave Baden-Powell, continues to be marked as Founder’s Day by Scouts and Thinking Day by Guides to remember and celebrate the work of the Chief Scout and Chief Guide of the World. In his final letter to the Scouts, BadenPowell wrote: ...I have had a most happy life and I want each one of you to have a happy life too. I believe that God put us in this jolly world to be happy and enjoy life. Happiness does not come from being rich, nor merely being successful in your career, nor by self-indulgence. One step towards happiness is to make yourself healthy and strong while you are a boy, so that you can be useful and so you can enjoy life when you are a man. Nature study will show you how full of beautiful and wonderful things God has made the world for you to enjoy. Be contented with what you have got and make the best of it. Look on the bright side of things instead of the gloomy one. But the real way to get happiness is by giving out happiness to other people. Try and leave this world a little better than you found it and when your turn comes to die, you can die happy in feeling that at any rate you have not wasted your time but have done your best. ’Be Prepared’ in this way, to live happy and to die happy stick to your Scout Promise always even after you have ceased to be a boy and God help you to do it.[34]

Three Scouting pioneers: Robert BadenPowell (seated) Ernest T. Seton (left), and Dan Beard (right) Movement was to grow up in friendly parallel relations with the Boys’ Brigade. A rally for all Scouts was held at Crystal Palace in London in 1909, at which Baden-Powell discovered the first Girl Scouts. The Girl Guide Movement was subsequently founded in 1910 under the auspices of Baden-Powell’s sister, Agnes Baden-Powell. Baden-Powell’s friend, Juliette Gordon Low, was encouraged by him to bring the Movement to America, where she founded the Girl Scouts of the USA. In 1920, the 1st World Scout Jamboree took place in Olympia, and Baden-Powell was acclaimed Chief Scout of the World. BadenPowell was created a Baronet in the 1921 New Year Honours and Baron Baden-Powell, of Gilwell, in the County of Essex, on 17 September 1929, Gilwell Park being the International Scout Leader training [28][29] After receiving this honour, centre. Baden-Powell mostly styled himself "BadenPowell of Gilwell". In 1929, during the 3rd World Scout Jamboree, he received as a present a new 20 horse power Rolls-Royce car (chassis number GVO-40, registration OU 2938) and an Eccles Caravan.[30] This combination well served the Baden-Powells in their further travels around Europe. The caravan was nicknamed Eccles and is now on display at Gilwell Park. The car, nicknamed Jam Roll, was sold after his death by Olave Baden-Powell in 1945.

Personal life
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
psychosomatic origin and treated with dream analysis.[7] The headaches subsided upon his moving into a makeshift bedroom set up on his balcony. In 1939, he and his wife moved to a cottage he had commissioned in Nyeri, Kenya, near Mount Kenya, where he had previously been to recuperate. The small one-room house, which he named Paxtu, was located on the grounds of the Outspan Hotel, owned by Eric Sherbrooke Walker, Baden-Powell’s first private secretary and one of the first Scout inspectors.[7] Walker also owned the Treetops Hotel, approx 17 km out in the Aberdare Mountains, often visited by Baden-Powell and people of the Happy Valley set. The Paxtu cottage is integrated into the Outspan Hotel buildings and serves as a small Scouting museum. Jeal argues that Baden-Powell’s distrust of communism led to his implicit support, through naïveté, of fascism. In 1939 BadenPowell noted in his diary: "Lay up all day. Read Mein Kampf. A wonderful book, with good ideas on education, health, propaganda, organization etc.—and ideals which Hitler does not practise himself."[40]

Olave Baden-Powell In January 1912, Baden-Powell met the woman who would be his future wife, Olave St Clair Soames, on the ocean liner, Arcadian, heading for New York to start one of his Scouting World Tours.[35][36] She was a young woman of 23, while he was 55, a not uncommon age difference in that time, and they shared the same birthday. They became engaged in September of the same year, causing a media sensation due to Baden-Powell’s fame. To avoid press intrusion, they married in secret on 30 October 1912.[37] The Scouts of England each donated a penny to buy Baden-Powell a wedding gift, a car (note that this is not the Rolls-Royce they were presented with in 1929). There is a monument to their marriage inside St Mary’s Church, Brownsea Island. Baden-Powell and Olave lived in Pax Hill near Bentley, Hampshire and Chapel Farm, Ripley, Surrey from about 1919 until 1939.[38] The Bentley house was a gift of her father.[39] Directly after he had married, Baden-Powell had begun to have problems with his health, suffering bouts of illness. He complained of persistent headaches, which were considered by his doctor to be of

Baden-Powell grave He also admired Benito Mussolini, and some early Scouting badges had a swastika symbol on them.[41] According to his biographer Rosenthal, Baden-Powell used the swastika because he was a Nazi sympathizer. Jeal, however, argues that Baden-Powell was naïve of the symbol’s growing association with fascism and maintained that his use of the symbol related to its earlier, original meaning of "good luck" in Sanskrit, for which purpose the symbol had been used for centuries prior to the rise of fascism. Despite these early sympathies, Baden-Powell was a

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
target of the Nazi regime in the Black Book, which listed individuals which were to be arrested during and after an invasion of Great Britain as part of Operation Sealion. Scouting was regarded as a dangerous spy organization by the Nazis.[42] Baden-Powell died on 8 January 1941 and is buried in Nyeri, in St. Peter’s Cemetery (0°25′08″S 36°57′00″E / 0.418968°S 36.950117°E / -0.418968; 36.950117).[43] His gravestone bears a circle with a dot in the centre, which is the trail sign for "Going home", or "I have gone home": When his wife Olave died, her ashes were sent to Kenya and interred beside her husband. Kenya has declared Baden-Powell’s grave a national monument.[45]
[44]

• Heather (1915–1986), who married John King and had two children: Michael and Timothy, • Betty (1917–2004), who married Gervase Charles Robert Clay in 1936 and had three sons and one daughter: Robin, Crispin, Gillian and Nigel.

Artist and writer

Baden-Powell with wife and three children, 1917 The Baden-Powells had three children, one son and two daughters, who all acquired the courtesy title of "The Honourable" in 1929 as children of a baron. The son succeeded his father in 1941 to the Baden-Powell Baronetcy and the title of Baron BadenPowell.[46] • Arthur Robert Peter (Peter), later 2nd Baron Baden-Powell (1913–1962). He married Carine Crause-Boardman in 1936, and had three children: Robert Crause, later 3rd Baron Baden-Powell; David Michael (Michael), current heir to the titles, and Wendy.

A World War I propaganda poster drawn by Baden-Powell. Baden-Powell made paintings and drawings, almost every day of his life. Most have a humorous or informative character.[7] He published books and other texts during his years of military service to both finance his life and to educate his men.[7] Baden-Powell was regarded an excellent storyteller. During his whole life he told ’ripping yarns’ to audiences.[7] After having published Scouting for Boys, Baden-Powell kept on writing more handbooks and educative materials for all Scouts, as well as directives for Scout Leaders. In his later years, he also wrote about the Scout Movement and his ideas for its future. He spent the last decade of his life in Africa, and many of this later books had African themes.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Sexuality
For more details on this topic, see Sexuality of Robert Baden-Powell. Robert Baden-Powell’s sexuality has been studied by two principal modern biographers,[7][47] who have concluded that BadenPowell may have taken an erotic interest in men. Jeal, although he claims that BadenPowell was a "repressed homosexual", admits that no documentary evidence exists to prove that Baden-Powell ever acted on his sexual orientation. Baden-Powell is thought to always have remained chaste with his Scouts, and did not tolerate Scoutmasters who indulged in sexual ’escapades’ with their charges.[7] A third biographer, William Hillcourt, who collaborated with Olave Baden-Powell in the writing of Baden-Powell: The Two Lives of a Hero, makes no mention of any homosexual tendencies and said of Baden-Powell’s courtship of his future wife, "From the moment Baden-Powell met Olave [aboard the ship Arcadia in 1912], his mind was filled with thoughts of her. His whole being was stirred as it had never been before."[48]

• 1914: Quick • 1935: Scouting Training for War Round the World • est 1939: Last Message to Scouts

Works

Other books Sculpture • 1905: Ambidexterity (co• 1905 authored with John John Jackson) Smith[52] • 1915: Indian Memories • 1915: My Adventures as a Spy[50] • 1916: Young Knights of the Empire: Their Code, and Further Scout Yarns[51] • 1921: An Old Wolf’s Favourites • 1927: Life’s Snags and How to Meet Them • 1933: Lessons From the Varsity of Life • 1934: Adventures and Accidents • 1936: Adventuring to Manhood • 1937: African Adventures • 1938: Birds and beasts of Africa • 1939: Paddle Your Own Canoe Military books Scouting books • 1940: More Sketches Of • 1884: • 1908: Scouting for Cover Kenya Reconnaissance Boys of second and Scouting • 1909: Yarns for part • 1885: Cavalry Boy Scouts of Instruction • 1912: Handbook • 1889: for Girl Guides (co- Scouting Pigsticking or authored with for Hoghunting Agnes BadenBoys, • 1896: The Powell) JanuDownfall of • 1913: Boy Scouts ary Prempeh Beyond The Sea: 1908 • 1897: The My World Tour Matabele • 1916: The Wolf Campaign Cub’s handbook Memorial to Baden-Powell, "Chief Scout of • 1899: Aids to • 1918: Girl Guiding the World", at Westminster Abbey Scouting for N.- • 1919: Aids To C.Os and Men Scoutmastership In 1937 Baden-Powell was appointed to the • 1900: Sport in • 1921: What Scouts Order of Merit, one of the most exclusive War Can Do: More awards in the British honours system, and he • 1901: Notes and Yarns[49] was also awarded 28 decorations by foreign Instructions for • 1922: Rovering to states. the South Success The Silver Wolf worn by Robert BadenAfrican • 1929: Scouting Powell is handed down the line of his Constabulary and Youth Movements

Awards

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
California to his old Scouting friend from forty years before.[58][59] Today their friendship is honoured in perpetuity with the dedication of the adjoining peak, Mount Burnham (34°22′N 117°47′W / 34.367°N 117.783°W / 34.367; -117.783).[60] Baden-Powell was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize on numerous occasions, including 10 separate nominations in 1928.[61] As part of the Scouting 2007 Centenary, Nepal renamed Urkema Peak to Baden-Powell Peak.

See also
• Baden-Powell House • Scouting memorials

Notes
[1] "Ashanti Campaign, 1895". The Pine Tree Web. http://pinetreeweb.com/bpashanti.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [2] "Matabele Campaign". The Pine Tree Web. http://pinetreeweb.com/bpmatabele.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [3] "Queen’s South Africa Medal". The Pine Tree Web. http://pinetreeweb.com/bpqsam.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [4] "Kings’s South Africa Medal". The Pine Tree Web. http://pinetreeweb.com/bpksam.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [5] "Fact Sheet: The Silver Buffalo Award". Fact sheet. Boy Scouts of America, Troop 14. 1926. http://www.bsa14.org/ FactSheetSupport/02-532.html. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [6] "The Library Headlines". ScoutBase UK. http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/ hqdocs/headline/981113aa.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. [7] ^ Jeal, Tim (1989). Baden-Powell. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-170670-X. [8] Palstra, Theo P.M. (April 1967). BadenPowel, zijn leven en werk. De Nationale Padvindersraad. [9] Drewery, Mary (1975). Baden-Powell: the man who lived twice. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-18102-8. [10] Baden-Powell, Sir Robert (1915). "My Adventures As A Spy". PineTree.web. http://pinetreeweb.com/bpadventure02.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.

Statue of Baden-Powell by Don Potter in front of Baden-Powell House successors, with the current Chief Scout, Peter Duncan wearing this original award. The Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, was first awarded to Baden-Powell by a unanimous decision of the then International Committee on the day of the institution of the Bronze Wolf in Stockholm in 1935. He was also the first recipient of the Silver Buffalo Award in 1926, the highest award conferred by the Boy Scouts of America. In 1927 at the Swedish National Jamboree he was awarded by the Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund with the "Großes Dankabzeichen des ÖPB.[53] In 1931 Baden-Powell received the highest award of the First Austrian Republic (Großes Ehrenzeichen der Republik am Bande) out of the hands of President Wilhelm Miklas.[54][55] Baden-Powell was also one of the first and few recipients of the Goldene Gemse, the highest award conferred by the Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund.[56] In 1931, Major Frederick Russell Burnham dedicated Mount Baden-Powell[57] (34°22′31″N 117°45′49″W / 34.37528°N 117.76361°W / 34.37528; -117.76361) in

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
[11] Baden-Powell, Robert (1897). The Matabele Campaign, 1896. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0837135664. [12] Proctor, Tammy M. (July 2000). "A Separate Path: Scouting and Guiding in Interwar South Africa". Comparative Studies in Society and History 42 (3). ISSN 3548-1356. [13] Barrett, C.R.B. (1911). History of The XIII. Hussars. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/bphussars.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-02. [14] Latimer, Jon (2001). Deception in War. London: John Murray. pp. 32–5. [15] Conan-Doyle, Sir Arthur (1901). "The Siege of Mafeking". PineTree.web. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/conandoyle-mafeking.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. [16] Pakenham, Thomas (1979). The Boer War. New York: Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-.... [17] Pakenham, Thomas (2001). The Siege of Mafeking. [18] "Robert Baden-Powell: Defender of Mafeking and Founder of the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides". Past Exhibition Archive. National Portrait Gallery. http://www.npg.org.uk/live/wobaden.asp. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. [19] Reported as "a Yorkshire division" in The Times, 29 October 1907, p.6; the Dictionary of National Biography lists it as the Northumbrian Division, which encompassed units from the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire as well as Northumbria proper. [20] Baden-Powell, Robert; Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell Baden-Powell of Gilwell, Robert; Boehmer, Elleke (2005), Scouting for Boys: A Handbook for Instruction in Good Citizenship, Oxford University Press, p. lv, ISBN 9780192802460, http://books.google.co.uk/ books?id=ej0P_lyMEFkC&pg=PR55 [21] "Lord Robert Baden-Powell "B-P" – Chief Scout of the World". The Wivenhoe Encyclopedia. http://www.wivenhoe.gov.uk/Orgs/ WSGA/about_badenpowell.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. [22] Saint George Saunders, Hilary (1948). "Chapter II, ENTERPRISE, Lord BadenPowell". The Left Handshake.

http://pinetreeweb.com/bpmemorial.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-02. [23] Baden-Powell, Sir Robert (1915). "My Adventures as a Spy". PineTree.web. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/bpadventure01.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. [24] Peterson, Robert (2003). "Marching to a Different Drummer". Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. http://www.scoutingmagazine.org/issues/ 0310/d-wwas.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-02. [25] Woo, Randy (August 1996). "Ernest Thompson Seton". The Ultimate Boy Scouts of America History Site. Randy Woo. http://members.aol.com/randywoo/ bsahis/seton.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-07. [26] "Ernest Thompson Seton and Woodcraft". InFed. 2002. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/seton.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-07. [27] "Robert Baden-Powell as and Educational Innovator". InFed. 2002. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-bp.htm. Retrieved on 2006-12-07. [28] "Family history, Person Page 876". The Peerage. http://www.thepeerage.com/ p876.htm#i8753. Retrieved on 2007-01-01. [29] "Burke’s Peerage & Gentry". http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/ Contents/book/UK/FHP/Peerage/fhpBADENPOWELL.asp?&string1=badenpowell&BookT Retrieved on 2007-01-01. [30] ^ "What ever happened to BadenPowell’s Rolls Royce?". http://www.jamroll.org/. Retrieved on 2008-11-08. [31] ""Johnny" Walker’s Scouting Milestones". http://www.scouting.milestones.btinternet.co.uk/ jamroll.htm. Retrieved on 2008-09-03. [32] "Baden-Powell as an Educational Innovator". Infed Thinkers. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-bp.htm. Retrieved on 2006-02-04. [33] Nagy, László (1985). 250 Million Scouts. Geneva: World Scout Foundation. [34] Baden-Powell, Sir Robert. "B-P’s final letter to the Scouts". Girl Guiding UK. http://guidinguk.freeservers.com/BP.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. [35] Baden-Powell, Olave. "Window on My Heart". The Autobiography of Olave, Lady Baden-Powell, G.B.E.as told to

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Mary Drewery. Hodder and Stoughton. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/bpolave-00.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-16. [36] "Fact Sheet: The Three Baden-Powell’s: Robert, Agnes, and Olave" (PDF). Girl Guides of Canada. http://www.girlguides.ca/media/pdfs/ 14-3/14.3.1.7.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-01-02. [37] "Olave St Clair Baden-Powell (née Soames), Baroness Baden-Powell; Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell". National Portrait Gallery. http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/ portrait.asp?mkey=mw83490. Retrieved on 2006-11-16. [38] "Wey people, the big names of the valley". Wey River freelance community. http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver/ people_3_names.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-29. [39] Wade, Eileen K.. "Pax Hill". PineTree Web. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/bppax-hill.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-16. [40] Jeal, Tim (1990). The Boy-Man: The Life of Lord Baden-Powell. New York: Morrow. pp. 550. [41] "Boy Scout medal with fleur-de-lis and swastika, 1930s". The Learning Federation. http://elearning.scgs.qld.edu.au/ learningfederation/drs/R2944/ description.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-03. [42] Schellenberg, Walter (2000). Invasion, 1940: The Nazi Invasion Plan for Britain. London: St Ermin’s Press. [43] ""B-P" – Chief scout of the world". BadenPowell. World Organization of the Scout Movement. http://www.euro.scout.org/ wsrc/fs/bp_e.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-11-16. [44] Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell at Find A Grave [45] Olave St. Clair Baden-Powell at Find A Grave [46] Charles Mosley (editor), ed (1999). Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage (106th ed.). Crans, Switzerland: Burke Peerage Genealogical Books Ltd. [47] Rosenthal, Michael (1986). The Character Factory: Baden-Powell and the Origins of the Boy Scout Movement. Pantheon. ISBN 978-0394511696. [48] Hillcourt, William; Olave, Lady BadenPowell (1992). Baden-Powell: The Two Lives Of A Hero. New York: Gilwellian Press. p. 320–325. LCCN 64-024263. ISBN 0-8395-3594-5. [49] Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell. What Scouts Can Do: More Yarns. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/bpcan1.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-01. [50] My Adventures as a Spy at Project Gutenberg [51] Young Knights of the Empire: Their Code, and Further Scout Yarns at Project Gutenberg [52] "John Smith". The Library of Virginia. http://www.lva.lib.va.us/whoweare/ exhibits/treasures/arts/art-p1.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-29. [53] Pribich, Kurt (2004) (in German). Logbuch der Pfadfinderverbände in Österreich. Vienna: Pfadfinder-GildeÖsterreichs. pp. 113. [54] Pribich, Kurt (2004) (in German). Logbuch der Pfadfinderverbände in Österreich. Vienna: Pfadfinder-GildeÖsterreichs. pp. 101. [55] Schückbauer, Franz (1956) (in German). Die Pfadfinderbewegung in ÖsterreichWerden, Wachsen, Wirken. Vienna: Pfadfinder Österreichs. pp. 18. [56] Wilceczek, Hans Gregor (1931) (in German). Georgsbrief des Bundesfeldmeisters für das Jahr 1931 an die Wölflinge, Pfadfinder, Rover und Führer im Ö.P.B.. Vienna: Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund. pp. 4. [57] "Mount Baden-Powell". USGS. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/ f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:255344. Retrieved on 2006-04-17. [58] "Dedication of Mount Baden-Powell". The Pine Tree Web. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/ dedication.htm. Retrieved on 2006-04-23. [59] Burnham, Frederick Russell (1944). Taking Chances. Haynes Corp. xxv-xxix. ISBN 1-879356-32-5. [60] "Mapping Service". Mount Burnham. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/ f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:255383. Retrieved on 2006-04-17. [61] "Nomination Database: Baden-Powell". The Nomination Database for the Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-1955. http://nobelprize.org/nomination/peace/ nomination.php?string=Baden-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Peerage of the United Kingdom New title Baron Baden-Powell 1929 – 1941 Baronet (of Bentley) 1922 – 1941 Succeeded by Peter Baden-Powell Succeeded by Peter Baden-Powell

Baronetage of the United Kingdom New title

Scouting New title New title Chief Scout of the British Empire Succeeded by 1908 – 1941 Lord Somers Chief Scout of the World 1920 – 1941 never assigned again

Powell&action=simplesearch&submit.x=0&submit.y=0. Retrieved on 2007-10-03. • What would Baden-Powell do?

External links
Persondata NAME

Related readings: biographies
• Begbie, Harold (1900). The story of Baden-Powell: The Wolf that never Sleeps at Project Gutenberg . London: Grant Richards. • Kiernan, R.H. (1939). Baden-Powell. London: Harrap. • Saunders, Hilary St George (1948). The Left Handshake. • Palstra, Theo P.M. (April 1967). BadenPowel, zijn leven en werk. De Nationale Padvindersraad. • Drewery, Mary (1975). Baden-Powell: the man who lived twice. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-18102-8. • Brendon, Piers (1980). Eminent Edwardians. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-29195-X. • Jeal, Tim (1989). Baden-Powell. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-170670-X. • Hillcourt, William; Olave, Lady BadenPowell (1992). Baden-Powell: The Two Lives Of A Hero. New York: Gilwellian Press d/b/a Scouter’s Journal Magazine. ISBN 0-8395-3594-5. • "Robert Baden-Powell, Founder of the World Scout Movement, Chief Scout of the World". Pine Tree Web. http://www.pinetreeweb.com/B-P.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.

Baden-Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth BadenPowell, 1st Baron

ALTERNATIVE B.-P., Lord Baden-Powell, NAMES Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell, B-P, BiPi SHORT Founder of Scouting, BritDESCRIPTION ish Army Lt. General DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH 1857-02-22 Paddington, London, UK 1941-01-06 Nyeri, Kenya

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Baden-Powell,_1st_Baron_Baden-Powell"

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Categories: Scouting pioneers, Guiding, Bronze Wolf awardees, British Army generals, 13th Hussars officers, British spies, British military personnel of the Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War, British Army personnel of the Second Boer War, People of the Second Matabele War, PreWorld War I spies, People from Paddington, Old Carthusians, Outdoor educator, English Anglicans, Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Baronets in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom, Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Knights of Grace of the Order of St John, 1857 births, 1941 deaths, 5th Dragoon Guards officers This page was last modified on 17 May 2009, at 22:31 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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