Alfred Lord Tennyson

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					Alfred Lord Tennyson

    By: Jillian Hanesworth
       Tamiko Williams
    Background information…

   Born in 1809 and died in 1892 at the
    age of 83.
   Tennyson was born in Lincolnshire and
    was the 4th of 12 children.
   He was a Victorian poet and his poetry
    reflected moral and religious concerns.
   He wrote to please the public.
           Interesting stuff….
   Tennyson has a lifetime fear of mental
    illnesses. His father and brother both had
    a mental illness and they made it worse
    because they got drunk a lot.
   His brother ended up having to be put
    into a mental institution which Alfred
    thought was shameful.
   Tennyson was sensitive to being
   This poem was written in the year 1842
   Tennyson wrote this poem after he learned of
    his 22 year old friend, Arthur's death. Ulysses
    was a reflection his feelings towards Arthur's
    death and "the need for going forward, and
    braving the struggle of life.”(Victorian web Jan.
    5, 2005)
   Tennyson wrote Ulysses as a way to grieve and
    move on, after the death of his friend, in a
    creative way.
             About Ulysses…
   According to
    /Ulysses_(poem)/ The most famous part of the
    poem is its ending;
   Tho' much is taken, much abides; and tho'
    We are not now that strength which in old days
    Moved earth and heaven, that which we are,
    we are,--
    One equal temper of heroic hearts,
    Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
    To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield
           About Ulysses cnt…
   Which is saying though things may be taken
    away there are still things that are there and
    though things may have changed and there no
    longer the same they are what they are no
    matter what

   Ulysses is heroic but bewildered, and the
    structural inconsistencies in the poem are
    evidence of the author's (or character's)
    muddled thinking.(Victorian web. Jan. 5, 2005)
       “The Lady of Shallot”…
   This was a dreamlike poem based on the
    Arthurian legends.
   This poem included the Victorian views
    on women.
   It shows how the women were in a way
    isolated and set back from the men.
             “Crossing the Bar”
   Sunset and evening star,
     And one clear call for me!
    And may there be no moaning of the bar,
     When I put out to sea,
    But such a tide as moving seems asleep,
      Too full for sound and foam,
    When that which drew from out the boundless deep
      Turns again home.
    Twilight and evening bell,
    And after that the dark!
    And may there be no sadness of farewell,
      When I embark;
    For tho' from out our bourne of Time and Place
       The flood may bear me far,
    I hope to see my Pilot face to face
       When I have crost the bar.
         About this poem…
   This poem is about someone
    accepting death.
   Tennyson wrote this poem in 1889, 3
    years before his death in 1892.
   He requested that it be placed at the
    conclusion of any collections of his
Cont'd.../ how the poems fit into
         the Victorian Era
   It seems as if he knew he was at the
    end before he reached it, and writing it
    out in a poem helped him accept it.
   Many of the themes and meanings of
    Victorian poetry reflect a conflicted
    sense of self (Nicole Smith, 2010 article
    myriad) which he displayed in his
    “Crossing the Bar” poem and well as
    “The Lady of Shallot.”
               Victorian Era
   The Victorian era is generally agreed to
    stretch through the reign of Queen Victoria
    (1837-1901). It was a tremendously exciting
    period when many artistic styles, literary
    schools, as well as, social, political and
    religious movements flourished. It was a time
    of prosperity, broad imperial expansion, and
    great political reform. It was also a time,
    which today we associate with "prudishness"
    and "repression". (Ilana Miller, the victorian
               Modern Era
   The Modern period--roughly 1901 through
    the start of the Second World War in 1939--
    presents many contradictions. Obsessed
    with "making it new" (Ezra Pound's phrase),
    modernists could also be addicted to
    classical and medieval learning. Formally
    adventurous, many modernist poets also had
    classicist tastes and thought of themselves
    as restoring, not overturning, old decorums.
    It was a great age of free verse and a great
    age of traditional rhyme and metre (Tim
    Morris Modern Poetry 3352:001Fall 2001)
           Literary Elements
   Tone: emotional
   Rhyme Scheme: ABAB
   imagery: The Lady of Shalott's mirror
   End rhyme: the end of “Crossing the
    Bar,” and “The Lady of Shalott
   Alliteration: to strive to seek to find
   (
 9 Febuary 2009
 28 August 2009 Karr, Deborah
 <
    _lesson_plans/28_august_2009/106the_victorian_ era_ history_
    through_ literature
 Morris, Tim. Modern Poetry Fall 2001
 5 January 2005