Diarrhea etiology and prevention of _87046 by heku


									?Diarrhea etiology and prevention

?Infant Developmental Dysplasia of the digestive system, various
digestive enzyme secretion and less energy is low, the potential for
food tolerance cannot adapt to the food quality and quantity of major
changes as a result of faster growth, the required relatively more
nutrients, gastrointestinal burden heavier, often tense, easy-to-
digest dysfunction occurs. Intragastric acidity lower than adults,
antibacterial, immunoglobulin in the blood and gastrointestinal SIgA
is low, the risk of intestinal infections. Does not include hospital
medicine Zhong Zheng
Pediatric diarrhea can be composed of non-infection and infectious
(1) non-infectious causes physiological diarrhea, breast milk
nutrients exceed physiological requirements of the children and the
digestive function of the limit, it will enable children with
diarrhea; fed incorrectly can cause diarrhea, much as artificial
feeding infants, because of the amount of feeding time, too much or
too little or the food ingredient is not appropriate, such as the
premature feeding large quantities of starch or fatty food, suddenly
changed food varieties or weaning; individual children on milk or
some food composition allergy or intolerance (such as lactose
deficiency), feeding back to diarrhea; climate change suddenly,
abdominal cold makes the intestinal peristalsis; weather too hot the
digestion fluid secretion decreases, but due to excessive thirst for
milk, increasing the burden on the digestive tract, easy-to-induced
(2) infectious causes: divided into intestinal infections and
intestinal infection.
Intestinal infection by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites
causing, previously taken, in particular viruses.
Virus infection are:
٠human rotavirus: autumn and winter diarrhea in infants and young
children is the most common disease in the original;
‫ڠ‬Norwalk virus: many violations of children and adults, and infantile
diarrhea does not close.
Bacterial infections:
Mainly for e. coli and shigella infections.
Pathogenic microorganisms with contaminated diet or water into the
digestive tract, can also be accessed via contaminated hands, daily
necessities, toys or carriers.

In addition, otitis media, upper respiratory tract infection,
pneumonia, urinary tract infections, skin infections or acute
infectious diseases, fever and pathogens of toxin causes
gastrointestinal dysfunction that may be associated with diarrhea.
Sometimes, extraintestinal infection pathogens can also infect
intestinal (mainly viruses).

How to prevent

Diet health: strengthening health education, water and food hygiene
strict management. Food should be fresh, clean, where bad food is not
feeding children, eating utensils must pay attention to disinfection.
Promote breastfeeding breastmilk is six months baby most suitable
food, should be strongly encouraged in young infants fed on demand.
Human milk contains IgA, and e. coli enterotoxin, prevention of
infection with e. coli.
Add supplementary food on time: children in the add secondary food
must note from less to more, and gradually increased so that the baby
has an adaptive process; from thin to thick, drink chips, gradually
transition to porridge, soft rice; from fine to coarse, like fruit,
start feeding fruit juice, then eat fruit mud. Five months of
discussion with egg yolk, fish paste, soft tofu; 7 months later to
add rich nutrition, suitable for the digestion and absorption of food
such as fish, minced meat, vegetables and biscuits, and gradually
weaned do some necessary preparations, but should avoid summer

Gradually add the food, it's a good idea to get used to a kind of
food is combined with another food, do not add several at the same
time in case of a child is ill should not add another food. Loss of
appetite, should not be forced to eat.
Boost physical fitness: outdoor activities should be strengthened, to
improve the capacity of adaptation to the natural environment,
attention to children with physical exercise, enhance physical
fitness, enhance the body immunity, to avoid the infection of various
Avoid negative stimulation: children's daily lives should prevent
excessive fatigue, disturbed or mental tension.
Strengthen the frail infant care: malnutrition, rickets and disease
frail children should enhance the care, attention to food hygiene to
avoid various infections. On the treatment of mild diarrhea should be
timely so as to avoid delays become severe diarrhea.
Avoid cross-infection: infectious diarrhoea epidemic caused, on
newborn, nurseries and hospitals should pay attention to disinfection
and isolation. Discover diarrhea and carriers to quarantine treatment,
baking and disinfection should be made.
Rational use of antibiotics: avoid broad-spectrum antibiotics long
term abuse so as to avoid the intestinal flora, drug-resistant
bacteria breed incurred caused colitis.

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