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What Can I Do with a Business Degree - PDF

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					                                        ENGINEERING
                                  What can I do with this degree?
                  AREAS                          EMPLOYERS                               DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES
ANY ENGINEERING DISCIPLINE
Production                         Industry                                          Obtain related experience through co-op or
Sales and Marketing                Business                                             internships for business/industry-related career.
Management                         Federal, state, and local government              MBA degree provides best opportunities in
Consulting                         Colleges and universities                            technical management.
Research and Development                                                             Obtain Ph.D. for optimal teaching and research
Teaching                                                                               careers.
Law                                                                                  Develop strong verbal and written communication
                                                                                        skills.
                                                                                     Learn federal, state, and local government job
                                                                                        application procedures.
AEROSPACE
Propulsion                        Aircraft, guided missile, and space vehicle           Discipline uses cutting edge technology to
Fluid Mechanics                      industries                                         deal with challenges of aeronautics, space,
Thermodynamics                    Communications equipment manufacturers                mass transportation, environmental
Structures                        Commercial airlines                                   pollution, and medical science.
Celestial Mechanics               Federal government departments:
                                     Defense                                         Keep abreast of status of federal funding for defense
Acoustics                                                                               and space programs.
Guidance and Control                 National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                     (NASA)                                          Seek co-op opportunities.
                                  Business and engineering firms                     Develop effective verbal and written communication
                                                                                        skills.
                                                                                     Learn to work well within a team.

 BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Natural Resources                                                                       A broad, basic engineering discipline with
                                   Technological agricultural industries
    Soil and Water Conservation                                                         a close relationship to the environment,
                                   Land grant universities:
International Consulting                                                                food production, and agricultural produc-
                                      Experimental farm stations
Environmental Control                                                                   tivity.
                                      Research laboratories
Agricultural Structures
                                   Consulting firms
Power and Machinery                                                                  Participate in internship or co-op programs.
                                   Equipment design, testing, and manufacturing
Electronic Systems                                                                   Acquire strong computer skills.
                                      firms
Food Engineering                                                                     Learn a foreign language for work in foreign
                                   Equipment and food industries including
Genetic Engineering                                                                     service.
                                      processing, packaging, and storing
Engineering Technology                                                               Develop strong math and problem solving skills.
                                   Quality control for food, feed, fiber, etc.
                                   Biotechnology research firms
                                   Foreign Service
(Engineering, Page 2)


                  AREAS                               EMPLOYERS                                 DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

BIOMEDICAL
Bioengineering                       Manufacturers of medical and surgical devices             Discipline combines engineering and human
   Design                            Hospitals and healthcare facilities                       anatomy to develop and maintain medical
   Development                       Federal government:                                       and healthcare systems and equipment.
   Manufacturing                        Regulatory agencies
Medical Engineering                     Veteran's Administration                            Develop strong team work skills.
   Instrumentation                      National Institutes of Health                       Many positions require a graduate or professional
   Materials                            National Aeronautics and Space Administration          degree.
   Diagnostic/Therapeutic Devices       (NASA)                                              Serves as a good background for medical school.
   Artificial Organs                 Industry
   Medical Equipment                 Research facilities of educational and medical
Rehabilitation Engineering              institutions
Bio-environmental Engineering




CHEMICAL
Administration                       Independent research institutes                            Combines science of chemistry with
Design and Construction              Consulting organizations                                   discipline of engineering to solve problems
  Project Engineering                Chemical industry including:                               and develop efficiency.
  Control Systems                       Agricultural chemicals
                                        Plastics                                            Develop exceptional interpersonal skills.
  Field Engineering
                                        Industrial chemicals                                Acquire technical work experience during college
  Process Engineering
                                        Petroleum                                             years.
Operations/Production
Environmental and Waste Management      Pharmaceutical
  Development                           Cosmetic
  Design                                Food processing
                                        Atomic energy development
                                        Environmental
                                     Federal government including:
                                        Department of Energy
                                        Environmental Protection Agency
                                     Manufacturing plants including automotive, air
                                        plane, paper, microelectronics, textiles, metals,
                                        rubber, food, and beverage
(Engineering, Page 3)


                  AREAS                                EMPLOYERS                         DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

CIVIL
Structural                              Construction industry                           Broad discipline of "doers" providing service
Urban and Community Planning            Engineering or architectural firms              to the community through development and
Construction                            Utility companies                               improvement. Works extensively with
Environmental                           Oil companies                                   other professionals involved with the com-
Water Resources                         Telecommunications businesses                   munity. Provides opportunity to work
Transportation and Pipeline             Manufacturing companies                         outdoors.
Geotechnical                            Consulting firms
                                                                                      Learn to work well within a team.
Photogrammetry, Surveying and Mapping   Railroads
                                                                                      Develop strong communication and interpersonal
Materials                               State and federal government agencies
                                                                                         skills.
                                                                                      Develop physical stamina for outdoor work.
                                                                                      Get experience in organizing and directing workers
                                                                                         and materials.
                                                                                      Ability to visualize objects in three dimensions is
                                                                                         helpful.
                                                                                      Demand has remained steady due to broad nature
                                                                                         of discipline.
                                                                                      States may require licensing or registration.



ELECTRICAL/COMPUTER
Power Electronics                       Manufacturing firms and industry including:     A field in touch with a wide and growing
Power Systems                             Aeronautical/Aerospace                        range of applications such as high speed and
Communications                            Automotive                                    wireless communication, exploration of outer
Electronics                               Business machines                             space, and a revolution in medical diagnosis
Control Systems                           Professional and scientific equipment         and treatment.
Digital Signal Processing                 Consumer products
Microelectronics                          Chemical and petrochemical                  Develop effective verbal and written
Image Processing & Robotics               Computers                                     communication skills.
Computer Engineering                      Construction                                Gain experience in team work.
Plasma Engineering                        Defense                                     Acquire capacity for details.
Computer Vision                           Electric utilities                          Develop interpersonal skills.
                                          Electronics                                 Obtain research experience.
                                          Environmental
                                          Food and beverage
                                          Glass, ceramics, and metals
                                          Machine tools
(Engineering, Page 4)


                 AREAS                                    EMPLOYERS                            DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

                                          Electrical/Computer, Continued
                                             Mining and metallurgy
                                             Nuclear
                                             Oceanography
                                             Pulp and paper
                                             Textiles
                                             Transportation
                                             Water and wastewater
                                          Public utilities
                                          Federal government including:
                                             Armed forces
                                             National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                             (NASA)
                                             National Institutes of Health
                                             Bureau of Standards
                                             Department of Defense
                                             Various commissions
                                          Consulting firms
                                          Free-lance consulting




INDUSTRIAL
Operations Research                       Manufacturing industries                              Discipline links management and operations
Applied Behavioral Science                Accounting firms                                      by improving productivity through a "big
    Systems                               Retail distribution organizations                     picture" approach; serves human needs
Manufacturing Management                  Banks and financial institutions                      and works with people.
Information Engineering                   Hospitals and healthcare organizations
Computer Systems Design and Development   Educational and public service agencies            Take courses in psychology, sociology and
                                          Transportation industries                             anthropology to learn more about people and how
                                          Construction industries                               they behave.
                                          Public utilities                                   Earn an MBA for advancement in management or
                                          Electrical and electronics machinery industries       administration.
                                          Consulting firms
(Engineering, Page 5)


                  AREAS                                EMPLOYERS                                   DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Metallurgy                               Materials producing companies                             Studies properties of various types of
Ceramics                                 Manufacturing companies including automobiles,            materials and how they are made and be-
Plastics/Polymers                           appliances, electronics, aerospace equipment,          have under different conditions.
Composites                                  machinery, medicine
                                                                                                 Many positions require a graduate degree.
Research                                 Service companies including airlines, railroads, and
                                                                                                 Some areas benefited by additional study in
Extractive                                  utilities
                                                                                                   business administration, medicine, management
Process                                  Consulting firms
                                                                                                   and/or law.
Applications                             Government agencies:
                                                                                                 Develop good communication skills.
Management                                  Department of Defense
                                                                                                 Gain laboratory and research experience as an
Sales                                       National Aeronautics Space Administration
                                                                                                   undergraduate.
Service                                     (NASA)
Consulting                               Research institutes
                                         Publishers



MECHANICAL
Mechanical Power Generation              Transportation                                             Takes broad outlook on solving complex
   Internal Combustion Engines               Automotive industry, aerospace industry, military      problems. Involves design, development
   Jet Engines                               laboratories                                           and production. Keeps pace with
   Steam Power Plants                    Utilities                                                  technology. Acts as an interface between
   Rockets                                   Steam driven electric power stations                   society and technology.
   Energy Utilization and Conservation   Equipment Design
Thermal/Fluids                               Plants                                              Obtain related experience through internships or
   Thermodynamics                            Nuclear power stations                                co-op.
   Environmental Control                 Electronics industry                                    Take additional courses in area(s) of interest.
   Refrigeration                         Petro-Chemical                                          Develop strong interpersonal and communication
   Instrumentation and Control               Drilling & production, plant operations               skills.
Machine Sciences                         Manufacturing
   Mechanical Design                         Consumer products, chemical products, farm
   Manufacturing and Production              equipment, industrial equipment, paper and
   Robotics                                  wood products, textile equipment
   Operation and Maintenance             Consulting engineering firms
(Engineering, Page 6)


                   AREAS                            EMPLOYERS                                  DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

ENVIRONMENTAL
Design                              Private industry and businesses involved with air         Discipline plays vital role in reducing toxicity
Planning                                pollution control, industrial hygiene, radiation      and pollution of water, ground and air for a
Operations                              protection, hazardous waste management, toxic         better quality of life for all living things.
Administration                          materials control, water supply, storm water and
Regulations                             wastewater management, solid waste disposal,
                                                                                           Consider a master's degree for advancement.
                                        public health, and land management
                                                                                           Foreign language ability beneficial for international
                                    Private engineering consulting firms
                                                                                              work.
                                    Construction firms
                                    Research firms
                                    Testing laboratories
                                    International organizations




NUCLEAR
Environment and Pollution           Electric and gas utility companies                        Discipline studies basic components of
Health                              Guided missile and space vehicle companies                neutrons, protons, electrons and all matter;
Space Exploration                   Engineering consulting firms                              deals with inanimate substances.
Consumer and Industrial Power       Business services including medical industry
Food Supply                         Manufacturers of nuclear power equipment
Transportation                      Research facilities
Water Supply                        Military services
                                    Defense manufacturers




ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND MECHANICS
Engineering Mechanics               Industry                                                  Interdisciplinary program with broad training
Biomedical Engineering              Manufacturing                                             in engineering science, mathematics, and
Computational Mechanics             Research organizations                                    physical or biological science.
Engineering Materials
(Engineering, Page 7)




GENERAL INFORMATION


•   Bachelor's degree provides wide range of career opportunities in industry, business, and government.
•   Graduate degrees offer more opportunities for career advancement.
•   Bachelor's degree is good background for pursuing technical graduate degrees as well as professional degrees in Business Administration, Medicine or Law.
•   Related work experience obtained through co-op, internships, part-time or summer jobs, or regular employment is extremely beneficial.
•   Develop computer expertise within field.
•   Engineers need to think in scientific and mathematical terms, have ability to study data, sort out important facts, solve problems, and be logical thinkers.
         Creativity is useful.
•   Other helpful traits include intellectual curiosity, technical aptitude, perseverance, ability to communicate and work well with others, a commitment to teamwork,
         and a basic understanding of the economic and environmental context in which engineering is practiced.
•   Develop excellent verbal and written communications skills including presentation and technical report writing.
•   All states and the District of Columbia require registration of engineers whose work may affect the life, health, or safety of the public.
•   Professional or technical societies confer certification in some areas.
•   Join related professional organizations.
•   Most fields offer overseas opportunities with businesses or government agencies.
•   Because of rapid changes in most engineering fields, both continued education and keeping abreast of new developments are very important.
•   Most states require an EIT (Engineer-In-Training) test before taking a state examination to become a Professional Engineer (PE).
•   Search the Internet for additional information about individual disciplines.




                          Prepared by the Career Planning staff at Career Services of The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1998, Revised 1999, Revised 2004)
                                                            UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA /ADEA Employer

				
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