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					        2009

   BLACKSMITH
ANNUAL REPORT
         Blacksmith 2009 Annual Report
         Board of Directors                                  Board of Advisors

         Richard Fuller                                      Allen Barnett                   Rock Brynner                   Karti Sandilya                   David Hunter
         President, Blacksmith Institute                     CEO, Mayfare Software           Author/Historian               Former U.S. Resident Director,   Professor of Epidemiology &
                                                             Solutions                                                      Asian Development Bank           Nutrition, Harvard School of
         Sheldon Kasowitz                                                                    Paul Dolan                                                      Public Health
         Managing Partner, Indus Capital Partners            Frances Beinecke                Director, ABC News             Leona D. Samson
                                                             Executive Director, Natural                                    Professor of Biological          Siddhartha Sandilya
         Ethan Devine                                        Resources Defense Council       Pradeep Kapadia                Engineering; Director, Center    Director, Deutsche Bank
         Partner, Indus Capital Partners                                                     CEO, Kapadia Energy Services   for Environmental Health
                                                                                                                            Sciences, MIT
         Joshua Ginsberg
         Senior Vice President, Global Conservation
         Program, Wildlife Conservation Society


         Andrew Korner                                       Blacksmith Institute Staff
         Chief Executive, Asian Capital Partners Group


         Philip J. Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc.                    Richard Fuller                  Magdalene Sim                  Vladimir Kuznetsov               Ling Du
         Director, Children’s Environmental Health Center,   President                       Director of Communications     Russia Coordinator               Southern China Coordinator
         Mount Sinai School of Medicine
                                                             Meredith Block, M.PA.           Hank Saltzman                  Petr Sharov                      Peter Odhengo
         Joshua Mailman                                      Director of Programs            Director of Development        Russia Far East coordinator      East Africa Coordinator
         President, Sirius Business Corporation
                                                             David Hanrahan, M.Sc.           Matt Greenbaum                 Promila Sharma                   Amadou Diouf
         Conrad Meyer III                                    Director of Global Operations   Development Associate          India Coordinator                Senegal Coordinator
         Private Investor
                                                             Jodyne Kim                      Rachael Vinyard                Jenny Sunga                      Daniel Estrada
         Ronald H. Reede                                     Chief Financial Officer         Senior Development Associate   Philippines Coordinator          Mexico Coordinator
         Managing Director, Equity Sales, Lazard Capital
         Markets                                             Bret Ericson                    Yolaimel Mendez                Budi Susilorini
                                                             Program Officer; Task           Financial Administrator        Indonesia Coordinator
                                                             Manager, Global Inventory
                                                             Project                         Steve Laico                    Leyan Wang
                                                                                             Web Administrator              China Coordinator
page
2 / 24
                                                                                                                                                            Blacksmith Institute
                                                                                                                                                            2014 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10035
                                                                                                                                                            (212) 647-8330 Fax: (212) 647-8334

                                                                                                                                                            www.blacksmithinstitute.org




Technical Advisory Board

Maria del Rosario Alfario                        Jack Caravanos, Ph.D., CIH, CSP                    Eric Johnson                                         Anne Riederer, Sc.D.
Environmental Contamination Inspector, Costa     Director, MS/MPH program in Environmental and      Member of the Board of Trustees, Green Cross         Co-Director, Global Environmental Health
Rica                                             Occupational Health Sciences, Hunter College       Switzerland                                          Program. Rollins School of Public Health, Emory
                                                                                                                                                         University
Thomas G. Boivin                                 Denny Dobbin                                       Donald E. Jones
President, Hatfield Consultants                  President, Society for Occupational and            Founder of Quality Environmental Solutions, Inc      Dave Richards
                                                 Environmental Health                                                                                    Independent Environmental Adviser
Margrit von Braun, Ph.D. P.E.                                                                       Mukesh Khare
Administrative Dean and Founder, Environmental   Joshua Ginsberg, Ph.D.                             Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian   Dr. Stephan Robinson
Science Program, University of Idaho             Senior Vice President, Global Conservation         Institute of Technology, Delhi, India                Director of the International Disarmament
                                                 Program, Wildlife Conservation Society                                                                  Program, Green Cross Switzerland
Pat Breysse, M.D.                                                                                   Philip J. Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc.
Professor, Division of Environmental Health      Dr. Yu Yang Gong                                   Director, Children’s Environmental Health Center,    Paul Roux
Engineering; Director, Industrial Hygiene        Managing Director, ESD China Limited               Mount Sinai School of Medicine                       Chairman, Roux Associates, Inc
Program; Department of Environmental Health
Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of      David J. Green                                     Ian von Lindern, Ph.D                                Leona D. Samson, Ph.D.
Public Health                                    Owner and CEO, Phoenix Soil, LLC;                  CEO and Chairman, Terra Graphics                     Professor of Biological Engineering; Director,
                                                 United Retek of CT, LLC; American Lamp             Environmental Engineering, Inc                       Center for Environmental Health Sciences, MIT
Grant S. Bruce                                   Recycling, LLC; Green Globe, LLC; and Jayjet
Vice-President, Hatfield Consultants             Transportation, LLC                                Bill Lorenz                                          Marcello Veiga, Ph.D.
                                                                                                    Former Director, Environmental Resources             Associate Professor of Mining Engineering,
Tim Brutus                                       David Hanrahan, M.Sc.                              Management, Young Leaders Programme                  Norman B. Keevil Institute of Mining Engineering,
Risk Management Specialist. New York City        Director of Global Programs, the Blacksmith        Director, GIFT                                       University of British Columbia
Department of Environmental Protection           Institute
                                                                                                    Ira May                                              Brian Wilson
                                                 David Hunter, Sc.D.                                Geologist, U.S. Army Environmental Center            Program Manager, International Lead
                                                 Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard                                                        Management Center; Member of the Royal
                                                 University School of Public Health                                                                      Society of Chemistry
                                                   weight than adults and tend to ingest

         Pollution:                                                                              Blacksmith
                                                   a lot more dirt and house dust than
                                                   adults from their crawling around

                                                                                                 Institute
                                                   and playing outside. While children

         A Global Killer,
                                                   only make up 10% of the world’s
                                                   population, over 40% of the global

         A Solvable
                                                   burden of disease falls on them. More
                                                   than three million children under age

         Problem
                                                   five die annually from environmental
                                                   factors.                                      Blacksmith Institute is an international
                                                                                                 not‑for‑profit organization dedicated to
                                                   Pollution Cleanup Still an                    solving life‑threatening pollution issues in
                                                   Emerging Activity                             low and middle‑income countries. A global
         Pollution is a global public health                                                     leader in this field, Blacksmith addresses
         crisis. The World Heath Organization      In many countries, economic                   a critical need to identify and clean up the
         estimates that 25% of all deaths in       growth and pollution still go hand-           world’s worst polluted places. Blacksmith
         low and middle-income countries are       in-hand. Unregulated industries               focuses on sites where human health,
         directly attributable to environmental    pollute the environment and sicken            especially that of children, is most at risk.
         factors. Some researchers estimate        the community while also providing
         that exposure to pollution causes 40%     financial lifelines. As it becomes clear      Based in New York, Blacksmith works
         of deaths annually.                       that the effects of endemic pollution         cooperatively in partnerships that include
                                                   on emerging economies can last for            governments, the international community,
         Pollution causes chronic illness,         decades, efforts to put basic regulatory      NGOs and local agencies to design and
         neurological damage and shortened         laws in place are just starting to take       implement innovative, low‑cost solutions
         lifespan. The presence of lead in         hold.                                         to save lives. Since 1999, Blacksmith has
         children for example, lowers I.Q. by an                                                 completed over 30 projects; Blacksmith is
         estimated 4-7 points for each increase    A Finite, Solvable Problem                    currently engaged in over 40 projects in 19
         of 10 μg/dL. Blacksmith’s database                                                      countries.
         identifies populations around the globe   The understanding and the technology
         with blood lead levels ranging from 50    for remediating all types of polluted sites
         -100 μg/dL, up to 10 times the WHO        is well established in the industrialized
         reference levels for protection against   world, where life-threatening toxic
         neurological damage. People affected      pollution has almost been eliminated.
         by pollution problems are also much       Blacksmith’s approach to pollution
         more susceptible to contracting other     cleanup has been proven to be cost-
         diseases.                                 effective and can easily be replicated
                                                   at polluted sites around the world.
         Children are the Most Vulnerable          Moreover, there are only a finite number
                                                   of highly polluted sites in the world,
         Children are physiologically different    as documented by Blacksmith’s
         and more vulnerable than adults.          Global Inventory Project. The health
         In some cases they have higher            risk of each one of these sites can be
page     exposures since they eat, drink and       eliminated through a minimal global
4 / 24   breathe more per kilogram of body         commitment of resources.
                                                                                                                                                               page
                                                                                                                                                               5 / 24
Eliminating Life-Threatening Pollution
in Low and Middle-Income Countries with The Global Inventory Project and The Health and Pollution Fund


The Global Inventory Project                              population and pollutant pathway.                         more than 100 million people - people who suffer
                                                                                                                    from reduced life expectancies, increased cancer
The Global Inventory Project (GIP) is a joint effort      This data is then used to calculate a ranking for the     risks and severe neurological damage. Projects
by the Blacksmith Institute, UNIDO, Green Cross           site on the Blacksmith Index. The Blacksmith Index        initiated by HPF will efficiently channel funds to local
Switzerland and the European Commission on                gives a number from 1 to 6, with the latter indicating    stakeholders with technical support and oversight
Environment to develop a comprehensive database           the highest risk to human health from pollution.          provided by a central, international Secretariat.
of polluted places across the planet. Based on
the existing Blacksmith database of 500 polluted          All site information is inputed into an on-line           In 2009, Blacksmith moved forward with efforts to
sites and Initial Site Assessment protocol, this          database and reviewed by a team of technical              create the global Health and Pollution Fund, working
project seeks to fortify already catalogued sites and     experts. Other experts conduct field visits for quality   with international partners and meeting continuously
discover other communities impacted by industrial         assurance purposes.                                       with supporters from governments and organizations
and mining pollutants.                                                                                              around the world.
                                                          Blacksmith investigators spent 2009 assessing,
Focused specifically in developing countries and          mapping and documenting thousands of the world’s          The Rockefeller Foundation has invited Blacksmith
those with economies in transition, GIP is concerned      worst polluted sites with human health impact.            to reconvene at the Bellagio Center in Italy in
primarily with identifying sites where pollution          During this time, Blacksmith hired and trained over       September 2010 to discuss next steps for HPF. The
may be impacting human health, and conducting             140 Investigators in more than 40 countries to carry      conference will be jointly hosted by Blacksmith, the
a screening health risk assessment that can be            out this work. Investigators came from universities,      World Bank and Asian Development Bank. It will
used as a starting point for the design of future         research institutes, and NGOs, and brought local          bring together innovators, collaborators and leading
interventions.                                            knowledge of pollution problems.                          experts in the field. Over the years, the Bellagio
                                                                                                                    Center has been the backdrop for many successful
Coordinated through Blacksmith’s New York                 When completed, the GIP will have assessed around         global efforts.
offices, investigators in over 80 countries are being     3,000 polluted sites in over 80 countries in Africa,
trained to conduct Initial Site Assessments (ISA)         Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe.                   The HPF is one of the key tools needed to eliminate
of polluted sites. Working in collaboration with                                                                    life-threatening pollution in low and middle-income
local and national authorities, the site assessment       The Health and Pollution Fund                             countries. Because of similar efforts like the
process reviews and collects as much information                                                                    Superfund initiative in the U.S., toxic pollution has
as possible from all stakeholders, including local        The Health and Pollution Fund (HPF) is a planned          mostly been eradicated in the industrialized world.
NGO’s, businesses, technical agencies, and                $600 million multilateral fund that will be dedicated     In low and middle-income countries, lack of funding
governments. The ISA protocol, developed by               to combating toxic pollution in developing countries      is often the biggest stumbling block to remediation,
Blacksmith over a decade of activity in polluted          resulting from industrial, mining and military            especially at “orphaned” polluted sites, where the
sites, involves a visit to the site and a review of key   operations.                                               original polluter is defunct, bankrupt or otherwise
technical and historical information. Samples are                                                                   unavailable to pay. The HPF will support cleanup at
taken, where credible test results are not already        The Fund will be directed toward cleaning up over         the world’s worst polluted places as identified by the
available, and information collected related to           400 highly polluted locations worldwide that affect       Global Inventory Project.
         The 2009 World’s Worst Polluted Places Report
         12 Cases of Cleanup
         and Success




                                                                                                                                                            Chernobyl affected areas, Eastern Europe
         Since 2006, Blacksmith’s reports           meaningful progress on pollution and
         have generated increasing public           health.
         understanding of the health impacts
         posed by the world’s worst polluted        The 2009 report generated numerous
         places, and in some cases, have            news reports around the world
         compelled cleanup work at these sites.     with stories in the New York Times,
         While previous reports spotlighted the     Scientific American, Associated Press,
         worst polluted places and problems,        Reuters International Wire, Inter Press




                                                                                                                                        Candelaria, Chile
         the 2009 report, jointly issued by         Service, Voice of America and others.




                                                                                                             Accra, Ghana




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Delhi, India
         Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross
         Switzerland, focuses on successes.         A copy of the report is available online
                                                    at www.worstpolluted.org.
         Blacksmith began work on The
         World’s Worst Polluted Places: 12
         Cases of Cleanup and Success with
         a worldwide call for nominations.
         Additional input was obtained from
         Blacksmith’s Technical Advisory Board,
         which includes leading experts from                      The following 10 programs,                                • Chernobyl-affected areas, Eastern
         Johns Hopkins University, Hunter                         alphabetically listed by location and                     Europe: medical, psychological and
         College, Harvard University and Mt.                      unranked, are included in the report as                   pedagogical interventions to improve
         Sinai Hospital.                                          examples of successful efforts to reduce                  the lives and livelihoods of those living
                                                                  the toll of pollution on human health:                    in the zone of radiation contamination.
         The 2009 report documents worldwide
         efforts that have made a difference,                     • Accra, Ghana: the broad                                 • Delhi, India: highly effective public
         demonstrating that pollution problems                    commercialization of innovative                           policies to reduce the vehicle
         can be tackled successfully and                          cooking stoves to reduce indoor                           emissions that cause urban air
         through models that can be replicated                    air pollution that causes respiratory                     pollution responsible for respiratory
         around the world. It also provides proof                 illnesses among women and children.                       illnesses.
         that pollution remediation is one of the
         most effective ways of saving lives.                     • Candelaria, Chile: comprehensive
         The examples offered are highlighted                     copper tailings disposal and water
page     as models of how the international                       conservation treatment system.
6 / 24   community can work together to make
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            page
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 / 24


The Top Cleanups and Successes




                                                                                                 Rudnaya Pristan Region, Russia




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Chemical Weapons Convention
         Haina, Dominican Republic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Leaded Gas Phase Out
                                                             Old Korogwe, Tanzania
                                     Kalimantan, Indonesia




                                                                                                                                                    West Bengal, India
                                                                                                                                  Shanghai, China
 • Haina, Dominican Republic: removal                                                • Rudnaya Pristan region, Russia:                                                   Two initiatives with worldwide impact
 of soil contaminated by the improper                                                removal of lead-contaminated soil in                                                are also included:
 recycling of used car batteries to                                                  children’s playgrounds in order to lower
 reduce lead levels in children’s blood.                                             blood lead levels in children.                                                      • Leaded Gas Phase Out: a global
                                                                                                                                                                         effort by governments, multilateral
 • Kalimantan, Indonesia: new                                                        • Shanghai, China: 12-year program to                                               agencies and the private sector to
 techniques to reduce mercury                                                        clean up sewage in an urban waterway                                                eliminate lead in gasoline that causes
 poisoning from artisanal gold mining.                                               that supplies drinking water to millions.                                           neurological damage.

 • Old Korogwe, Tanzania: removal of                                                 • West Bengal, India: reduction in                                                  • Chemical Weapons Convention:
 a stockpile of pesticides (e.g., DDT)                                               arsenic poisoning through treatment                                                 an international treaty to eliminate
 responsible for contaminating soil                                                  of naturally occurring arsenic in well                                              chemicals used as agents of warfare.
 and a nearby river, poisoning the local                                             water.
 residents.
                                                                                                                                        Local facilitators conduct


         Southeast Asia                                                                                                                 information sessions with high
                                                                                                                                        school students in Mt. Muro
                                                                                                                                        about the dangers of mercury
                                                                                                                                        used in the gold mining process.
                                                                                                                                        —Credit: Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta
          Indonesia
          Central Kalimantan
          Reducing Mercury Pollution and Poisoning
          from Artisanal Gold Mining


                                                                   mercury per annum, and to gold shops     solution to gold shops and gold
                                                                   in Upper Kahayan, which process          processors. Retorts and waterbox
                                                                   and burn amalgam in the densely          condensers were distributed.
                                                                   populated heart of town.
                                                                                                            Follow-up work and modifications
                                                                   Throughout 2009, Blacksmith and YTS      were made to the retorts when
                                                                   worked to keep the mining community      necessary to make them more
                                                                   as well as local government              efficient. These locally adapted retorts
                                                                   administrators informed. As a result,    are 95% efficient at capturing mercury.
           Miners in Indonesia using a mercury-capturing retort.   the project was well understood by the   It is estimated that these interventions
                                                                   community and received much local        have directly prevented over three
                                                                   and logistical support.                  metric tonnes of mercury from being
         Central Kalimantan is a globally significant hotspot                                               emitted at Mt. Muro during 2009 alone.
         in terms of the scale of mercury released as a result     The project began with direct
         of artisanal gold mining. Thousands of gold miners        observations and measurements of         The program in Upper Kahayan
         here use toxic mercury to extract gold from ores.         mercury processing, interviews with      has succeeded in convincing three-
         The miners have regular skin contact with mercury,        bosses and miners about their work       quarters of the gold shops that buy
         and women and children often handle it directly           and the distribution of questionnaires   gold and burn amalgam to adopt
         as it is often traded at small shops and stored in        to obtain primary data from mercury      technology to limit their emissions. It is
         homes. Mercury that is not inhaled settles into the       users.                                   estimated that these interventions have
         environment or circulates globally and is transformed                                              prevented about 390 kg Hg of mercury
         into methylmercury, a dangerous neurotoxin that           Following this, Blacksmith and YTS       from being emitted. Blacksmith and
         contaminates the food chain worldwide.                    built, designed, field-tested and        YTS will continue persuading the
                                                                   provided retort technology directly to   gold shops to install the waterbox
         Blacksmith Institute has been working with local          amalgam burners. Small retorts with      condensers in the near future.
         partner Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta (YTS) in the remote        one-kilogram capacity were distributed
         Mt. Muro and Upper Kahayan regions of Indonesia.          to miners, and eight large-capacity      It is important to note that all this
         The project is focused on community education and         retorts (30-50kg capacity) were built    equipment is already in situ, so
page     introducing low-cost mercury-capturing retorts to         and distributed to the field. YTS also   reductions in overall mercury emissions
8 / 24   miners in Mt. Muro, who release about 50 tonnes of        promoted a waterbox condenser            are expected to be far greater in 2010.
                                                                                                     Soil being excavated from
                                                                                                     PCB contaminated sites for


Southeast Asia                                                                                       bioremediation.




 Philippines
 Former U.S. Naval Base, Subic
 Former U.S. Air Base, Clark
 Cleanup of Heavy Metals and PCBs




                                                        Subic

                                                        At Subic, Blacksmith partnered with
                                                        the National Institute for Molecular
                                                        Biology and Biotechnology at the                Clark
                                                        University of the Philippines in the
                                                        implementation of the project.                  At Clark, Blacksmith’s cleanup focused
                                                        Over 1000 soil samples were taken               on assessments and pilot bioremediation
                                                        between July and September 2009                 of 60 PCB-contaminated transformer
                                                        at ten locations identified as areas of         sites. Out of 180 PCB transformers
The former U.S. naval base in Subic and the former      priority at the base. This included a           at the base, these 60 never had their
U.S. air base in Clark were two of the largest U.S.     former firefighting training pit, a former      PCB oil replaced by mineral oil due to
military bases in the Asia Pacific. Now they have       hazardous waste storage area, a                 the explosion of Mt. Pinatubo that led
been transformed into a freeport zone, where a          former ship repair facility and a former        to the evacuation of the U.S. forces
number of local and foreign investments are located.    landfill. Pollutants found included heavy       from Clark.
                                                        metals, PCBs, dioxins, PAHs, VOCs,
Because of the nature of their former use, both sites   among others. Arsenic, mercury and              Sites with soil samples that exceeded
have varying amounts of toxic material left behind      cadmium in particular were found in             the residential PCB limit of 5 ppm
that pose a health risk to people working inside the    levels exceeding U.S. EPA standards.            and industrial PCB limit of 50 ppm
former bases and to the surrounding communities.                                                        were targeted for the pilot 3-5 month
Over the past year, Blacksmith, supported by            Results of the analysis will be                 bioremediation. Contaminated soil
Green Cross Switzerland, conducted an updated           presented to the Subic Bay                      was doused with water containing
assessment of both sites and began pilot testing        Metropolitan Area board with a                  petrophyllic bacteria, then covered for
remediation technologies to treat the contamination.    remediation plan in early 2010.                 anaerobic bioremediation, and then
                                                        Blacksmith plans to test the use of a           uncovered for aerobic remediation.
                                                        natural mineral zeolite (biomin) to bind        The pilot bioremediation of PCB
                                                        and remove the heavy metals in the              contaminated soil inside Clark is the     page
                                                        contaminated soil. Cleanup work is              first of its kind.                        9 / 24
                                                        scheduled to begin in 2010.
          South Asia                                                                                                                            Farmer showing
                                                                                                                                                contaminated water at Nehda
                                                                                                                                                Dam, Bandi River, resulting
                                                                                                                                                from the dyeing industry in
           India                                                       Blacksmith analysis found that                                           Pali District, Rajasthan.
                                                                       soils surrounding canals were also
           Jodhpur, Pali and Balotra, Rajasthan                        contaminated and crops have been
                                                                       dying. Residents report suffering
           Industrial Waste Management                                 from allergies eye irritation and skin
                                                                       cancer after using the contaminated
                                                                       well water. Osteoporosis and gastric/
                                                                       enteric diseases were the other
                                                                       common ailments reported.

                                                                       Blacksmith’s work in the area began
                                                                       with the formation of a local stakeholder
                                                                       group, which included the industries,
                                                                       regulators, researchers and local
                                                                       representatives. Hotspots of dumping
            Drain containing wastewater merging with the river Jojri   and active contamination were identified
                                                                       and the group agreed on ways to
                                                                       counter the contamination together. This
          In April 2008, Blacksmith Institute and the Centre for       ensured the cooperation of all parties
          Environment Education in India began assessing               involved and increased the chances
          Pali, Jodhpur and Balotra in the western part of the         of success in managing the industrial
          state of Rajasthan, home to textile, dye and printing        waste efficiently and in a way that would
          industries.                                                  not threaten the economic livelihood of
                                                                       the local community.                        bio-filter developed by Indian Institute of
          Surface water in this semi-arid region is                                                                Technology in Kanpur was introduced to
          contaminated with industrial wastewater filled with          Blacksmith then began gathering             industry members and tested.
          various chemicals and dyes. Because the synthetic            data. An assessment of seven
          dyes used in textiles are designed to resist bleaching       contaminated villages was conducted.        An educational campaign was also
          by UV-light, they are persistent in the environment          Questionnaires were developed to            devised. Training materials in Hindi and
          and some can be biologically modified into                   better understand the sources of            other local languages were developed for
          carcinogenic compounds.                                      pollution, the health impacts of the        workers in the tie-dye cottage industries
                                                                       pollutants, and an economic profile         to raise awareness of kinds of dye used,
          Untreated wastewater has also leached below the              of the cluster cities was prepared.         their chemical constituents and possible
          surface and contaminated underground wells and               In addition, Blacksmith assessed            impact of these dyes on workers’ health
          aquifers in the surrounding villages. A Blacksmith           the capacity and efficiency of the          and on the environment.
          survey found that an average 68 wells were                   existing Common Effluent Treatment
 page     reported contaminated in Pali, 1700 in Balotra,              Plants in the region in order to see        Work is expected to continue in 2010.
10 / 24   and 25 in Jodhpur.                                           where they could be upgraded. A
                                                                                                                                                 page
                                                                                                                                                 11 / 24
East Asia

 China                                                       Blacksmith has been working to             developed guidelines. It will then
                                                             help develop a health standard for         be evaluated to produce policy
 Qingyuan City, Guangdong Province                           the industry, monitor pollutants and       recommendations to the government.
                                                             explore different disposal technologies.
 Improving Environmental and Occupational                    The project includes looking at plant      To ensure success, Blacksmith has
 Health of E‑waste Recycling Industry                        layout and arrangement, safety             been working with local groups,
                                                             distance, occupational health, pollution   including trade associations and
                                                             prevention and control facilities and      e-waste recyclers, and has established
                                                             technology standards, as well as           a partnership with Guangdong
                                                             environmental management and               University of Technology on the
                                                             planning. A plant will be chosen to        project.
                                                             be reconstructed with the newly




Qingyuan City in Guangdong Province has been a
center for dismantling and recycling scrap metal for
the past 20 years. Longtang town, located about 20
kilometers away from the city center, is a major hub.
This small town with just 100,000 houses has more
than 1000 informal e-waste “break and burn” plants,
which employ at least 50,000 people, roughly a
quarter of the population. These informal operations
release countless toxic compounds including lead,
mercury and cadmium.




                                    E-waste dismantling operations.
          East Asia

           China
           Diaojiang, Guangxi Province

           River Contamination from Heavy Metals ‑
           Mine Tailings




                                                                      remain a key source of pollution. Lack   Blacksmith will fund a stakeholders’
                                                                      of funds and remediation technology      group to rally the community around
                                                                      has hampered further cleanup.            the project and also a pilot report for
                                                                                                               the cleanup plan. Remediation will
                                                                      Blacksmith partnered with the Chinese    target mine tailings in the river, river
                                                                      Research Academy of Environmental        terraces, river banks as well as on
                                                                      Sciences to address this problem.        farmland along the shore.


          Diaojiang River is the source of the Red River water
          system, which flows from Nandan county to Hechi
          city, serving more than three million people. Today                                                                                View of the mining area
          it is heavily polluted with heavy metals including
          arsenic, lead, cadmium and zinc from a mining
          operation that started in the 1980s. The mine not
          only discharged wastewater directly into the river
          but also left a mass of mine tailings piled on the
          Diaojiang river banks. The river gradually became
          filled with tailings washed into the water during the
          storm seasons. Fish and shrimp died, farmlands on
          the open river banks could not be cultivated, and
          communities downstream suffered health problems.

          The government of Hechi city launched the Diaojiang
          treatment project in 1998 to build wastewater
 page     treatment facilities. This has improved the water
12 / 24   quality of the river significantly. However, the tailings
Central Asia
                                                          learned about lead health hazards
                                                          and ways to reduce exposure to lead.
 South Kazakhstan                                         The workshops generated nine news
                                                          articles in the local media and three       View of the smelter.
 Chimkent (Shymkent)                                      television stories about lead issues.

 Mitigation of Lead Health Hazards                        In addition, 13,000 special information
                                                          sheets, translated into the Kazakh and
                                                          Uzbek languages, were distributed.
                                                          Brochures—“Lead and Children’s
                                                          Health: Advice for Parents” and “Rec-
                                                          ommendations on Food for Children
                                                          in Industrial Areas”—were translated
                                                          and distributed to schools and medical
                                                          institutions.

                                                          A book for small children was translat-     Kyrgyz children at a
                                                          ed and used in two kindergartens and        playground.
                                                          first grade classes at seven schools.
                                                          The schools were also offered special
                                                          posters explaining the hazards of lead.
The ancient city of Chimkent, home to approximately       A special lesson called “My Road to
500,000 people, was developed as a big industrial         School” was developed for children to
center during the Soviet era. It produced about 70%       involve them in individual small educa-
of all lead in the Soviet Union. The production of lead   tion projects. One such project won a
continued at full scale through 2008 when it signifi-     prize at a state contest of educational
cantly decreased for economic reasons. Recent data        children’s projects.
indicates that over 90% of children under five living
close to the smelter have blood lead concentrations       Data and recommendations from               Sampling the soil
over the international limit of 10 µg/dl. In 2009, a      Blacksmith partners Alma-Aty Center         for lead.
local NGO Urpak, with support from Blacksmith, initi-     of Health and Environment and the Far
ated a project to mitigate the health hazards of lead     Eastern Health Fund were presented
with an awareness-raising educational campaign            to local authorities at two meet-
targeted at children.                                     ings. This resulted in a plan to initiate
                                                          cleanup in the next two or three years.
Educational materials from other Blacksmith projects
were used to conduct four workshops. Teachers             Blacksmith also provided Chimkent
from 22 schools participated as well as directors         City with a lead care analyzer that will
and medical personnel from 12 kindergartens in Abai       be used to monitor children’s blood                  page
District, the most contaminated area. Participants        lead levels.                                         13 / 24
                                                                                                             Rusted and disintegrating


          Central Asia                                                                                       drums expose toxic contents
                                                                                                             to the elements.




           Ukraine
           Gorlovka
           Emergency Intervention at Chemical Plant




          Blacksmith technical experts put the chance of          Over 30 metric tons of explosive
          a catastrophic event occurring at the Gorlovka          TNT is stored in pipes and in flooded
          chemical plant at more than 5% per year. The            underground tanks near a neighboring
          estimated death toll could be in the hundreds of        fertilizer plant housing liquid ammonia.
          thousands, much larger in scale than Chernobyl          An accidental detonation would
          and Bhopal—two of the worst industrial accidents in     produce a deadly cloud that is likely to
          modern history.                                         kill up to 50% of the town’s 300,000
                                                                  residents.
          The Gorlovka chemical plant, located on the
          outskirts of the town center, was the only facility     Blacksmith has conducted emergency
          in the former Soviet Union to produce the highly        intervention at the site, re-packaging
          toxic mono nitrochlorobenzene (MNCB) as well as         some 400 drums of the most exposed
          TNT. It operated from 1936 to around 1994 before        MNCB. Much more work needs to be
          going into bankruptcy in 2002. Today, the plant is in   done.
          dangerous disrepair.

          Over 15,000 tons of tons of MNCB is dumped                                                              Unexploded TNT are
 page     outside, much of it under tarpaulins. Less than one                                                     in pipes throughout the
14 / 24   teaspoon of the toxin is a fatal dose.                                                                  abandoned plant.
                                                                                                      Blacksmith teams went from
                                                                                                         house to house to remove


                     Africa                                                                               traces of toxic lead dust.




                       Senegal
                       Thiaroye Sur Mer

                       Lead Cleanup

                                                                              Blacksmith experts, including
                                                                              members of the Technical Advisory
                                                                              board, visited Thiaroye Sur Mer to take
                                                                              samples and assess the site. Working
                                                                              with community leaders and the
                                                                              government of Senegal, Blacksmith
                                                                              and TerraGraphics Environmental
                                                                              Engineering trained local crews to
                                                                              remove about 2000 cubic meters of
                                                                              the worst contaminated soil in the
                                                                              community and to do house to house
                                                                              cleanup to remove toxic lead dust.

                     In 2009, Blacksmith was called to conduct cleanup        A second round of cleanup is slated
                     in Senegal after the sudden death of 18 children from    to remove an estimated 4000 cubic
                     lead poisoning the year before. Like almost every city   meters of lesser-contaminated
                     in low and middle income countries, Thiaroye Sur         materials. New soil samples were also
                     Mer has a thriving informal lead recycling market,       taken from homes and community
                     where car batteries are broken by hand and smelted       areas previously cleaned to document
                     down in kitchens and backyards.                          the program’s effectiveness.




   Eighteen children were killed by lead
poisoning in Senegal in 2008 and many
     more are ill. Children are the most                                                                                               page
   vulnerable victims of lead pollution.                                                                                               15 / 24
          Africa                                     Blacksmith went to Ghana in 2009           processing of e-waste and to initiate
                                                     to investigate reports of haphazard        practical interventions for small-scale
                                                     e-waste dumping and lead poisoning         waste recycling.
          Ghana                                      due to the improper recycling of used
                                                     car batteries. Members of the team         Working with Ghanaian authorities
          Accra                                      conducted preliminary environmental        and the City University of New York’s
                                                     assessments at several sites including     School of Public Health, Blacksmith
          Managing Chemical Exposures from E‑waste   the infamous Agbogbloshie market           will launch the first comprehensive
          and Lead from the Improper Recycling of    in Central Accra, where children           worker-sampling program in West
          Car Batteries                              scavenge for valuable parts in the large   Africa (testing blood and urine of
                                                     e-waste dump.                              workers burning e-waste). This will
                                                                                                yield valuable information on the health
                                                     Following a series of successful           risks involved.
                                                     talks with local government officials,
                                                     plans were made to start several           Blacksmith will also be working with
                                                     projects in Ghana. Blacksmith will be      Ghana’s Environmental Protection
                                                     working with Ghana Health Service to       Agency to help manage the recycling
                                                     assess chemical exposures from the         of used car batteries in the country.




                                                                                                                             The infamous Agbogbloshie
                                                                                                                             recyclers market in Central
                                                                                                                             Accra, Ghana, where
                                                                                                                             men, women and children
                                                                                                                             dismantle and burn e-waste
                                                                                                                             to recycle copper, aluminum,
 page                                                                                                                        lead and other valuable
16 / 24                                                                                                                      remnants.
The Americas                                In 2009, Blacksmith joined forces with             some cases are five times higher than
                                            Fondo Nacional Para El Fomento De                  the international standard, producing
                                            Las Artesanias (FONART), a Mexican                 irreparable neurological damage in
México                                      government agency, to remove lead                  children.
                                            from the country’s large artisanal
Removing Lead from Ceramics                 ceramics industry. The joint program               To deal with the problem, a two-part
                                            builds on FONART’s experience while                plan was conceived. First, Mexican
                                            adding Blacksmith’s resources and                  potters had to be convinced to
                                            technical expertise.                               adopt the use of a low-cost lead-
                                                                                               free alternative glaze. To persuade
                                            An estimated 50,000 ceramics                       the potters to change their traditional
                                            producers in Mexico use lead-based                 process, blood tests were arranged for
                                            glazes. Toxic lead dust from the                   the community’s children to highlight
                                            process pollutes the community. As                 their elevated blood lead levels. Phase
                                            a result, blood lead levels for locals in          two of the project will involve the
                                                                                               cleanup of the contamination.



                                                              Many of the potteries in Mexico are
                                                              small family-run operations that
                                                              use traditional lead-based glazes.
 A family’s dinner is highly contaminated
 with toxic lead from the pot’s glaze.




                                                                                                                                         page
                                                                                                                                         17 / 24
          Financial Highlights

          Income                                                                               Statement of Activities for the Year Ended
                                                                                               December 2009
          We were able to successfully procure        Finally, our Technical Advisory Board,
          a consulting services contract for          composed of world-renowned leaders       Revenue
          $890,915 with Asian Development             in relevant fields such as chemistry,
          Bank, which will allow us to perform a      epidemiology, toxicology, and            Contributions (Unrestricted)                  235,506
          further 550 polluted site assessments       environmental engineering, donate        In-Kind Donations                             604,107
          in 21 countries throughout Asia. The        countless hours to Blacksmith. As        Grants (Restricted) 498,625                   498,625
          contract will commence in March of          billable hours donated in kind, the      Global Inventory Project - UK                 405,999
          2010 and end in April of 2011, so           TAB contributed well over $600,000 in    Interest and Other Revenue                     11,000
          accordingly the revenue will be shown       2009.
          on our financial statements in 2010.                                                 Total Revenue                                1,755,238

          The weakening economy took its
          heaviest toll in the sector of foundation                                            Expenses
          funding, which this year declined
          by about $1 million. However,                                                        Program Expense
          ongoing support from Green Cross
          Switzerland, Rockefeller Brothers                                                    Global Inventory Project - GCS                 86,080
          Fund, and Rockefeller Philanthropy                                                   Global Inventory Project - UNIDO              405,999
          Advisors enabled us to continue                                                      Africa                                        358,448
          a broad portfolio of anti-pollution                                                  Health and Pollution Fund Program             265,455
          interventions throughout Russia,                                                     India                                         151,583
          China, and Africa. We also benefited                                                 Latin America & Caribbean                     377,189
          from the generosity of our Board                                                     Russia and other                               16,598
          members, who contributed almost                                                      Eastern Europe & Central                       12,000
          $145,000. At the same time, we                                                       Asia, SouthEast Asia                          256,326
          significantly broadened our fundraising                                              Top Ten                                        13,292
          strategies, conducting more extensive
          appeals through our email list and a                                                 Total Program Expense                        1,942,972
          directed outreach campaign to the
          environmental activists who joined                                                   Management and General                        221,901
          us from the Care2 online community.                                                  Fundraising                                    56,115
          We also held a successful charity golf
          tournament that raised over $35,000.                                                 Total Administrative Expenses                 278,016
          These approaches gained us total
 page     unrestricted revenues of $235,506 for                                                Total Expenses                               2,220,988
18 / 24   2009.
                                                                                                                                         Global Inventory Project

                                                      Technical Advisory Board                                                           Health & Pollution Fund

                                                                                                                                         Africa
                                                      Foundations
                                                                                                                                         India
                                                      Individuals
                                                                                                                                         L. Am & Caribbean

                                                      Government                                                                         Russia

                                                                                                                                         E. Eur. & C. Asia
                                                      Corporations
                                                                                                                                         Southeast Asia
                                                      Board of Directors
                                                                                                                                         Top Ten

                                                      Other                                                                              Administrative

                                                                                                                                         Fundraising


Income Areas                                                                      Expense Areas



           Expenses                                                                            Statement of Financial Position For The Year Ended
                                                                                               December 31, 2009
           Blacksmith continued to operate with      Expenditures in Africa remained high,
           very low overhead costs in 2009,          due to investment in multiple lead        Assets
           with administrative and fundraising       remediation programs in Senegal. This
           expenses amounting to 12.5% of            investment has been highly beneficial     Cash                                       539,076
           total outlay. 2009 saw major growth       for victims of environmental pollution    Accounts Receivable                         46,618
           for our Global Inventory Project (GIP),   both locally and regionally: the UN       Fixed Assets                               144,123
           currently the single largest percentage   Basel Secretariat on Hazardous            Other Current Assets                        12,592
           of program expenses. This is good         Wastes is sufficiently impressed by
           news on several levels: first because     our successes that they will use our      Total Assets                               742,408
           the GIP represents an unprecedented       methodology as a model for their
           step in identifying and mapping every     future interventions throughout Africa.   Liabilities
           toxic site in the developing world, and   The Latin American region also shows
           second because GIP itself was created     significant investment: our cleanup at    Grants Payable (Projects)                  702,039
           to serve as the initial point of action   the used lead-acid battery smelting
           for the Health and Pollution Fund—        operation in Haina, Dominican             Total Liabilities                          702,039
           the international secretariat that will   Republic, continues apace, and we
           actually monitor and clean up all of      have also received considerable           Net Assets                                   40,369
           these regions. The successful growth      funds for work in Mexico to address
           of the GIP knowledge base brings the      the problem of toxins used in glazed      Total Liabilities and Net Assets           742,408
           solutions phase of this project ever      pottery.                                                                                             page
           closer to reality.                                                                                                                             19 / 24
          2009 Funders
          Our support comes from a wide range of sources.    Individuals
          We would like to express special thanks to those
          listed below.                                      Michael Ashmore          Valerie Lester
                                                             Erika Atsumi-Stewart     Toby Lunt
          Foundations                                        Allen Barnett            Stuart Marcus
                                                             Andrew Biaglow           Elizabeth McColl
          Climateworks Foundation                            Paul Brooke              Margaret and William McLeod
          Dudley T. Dougherty Foundation, Inc.               Christopher Brown        Katherine Bruce Mechner
          Green Cross Switzerland                            Judy Bryson              Karen Merritt
          Joshua Mailman Foundation                          Elizabeth G. Butler      Conrad Meyer
          Martin and Susan Kozak Fund                        Dean O. Cameron          Koji Narisawa
          Mechner Foundation                                 Mary Caulkins            Andrew S. Offit
          Michael & Mary Guarasci Charitable Fund            Eugene Choi              Stephen and Lynne Orbach
          Rockefeller Brothers Fund                          John B. Cobey            Christopher Porto
          Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors                  Charles C. Copeland      Mikhail Rapaport
          Schwab Charitable Foundation                       John and Judith Day      Ron Reede
          Whole Systems Foundation                           Carla Maria Degnan       Kenneth Richards III
                                                             Anna Dengler             Pamela Rimmon
          Government                                         Aimee Derbes             Paul Roux
                                                             Ethan Devine             Robert B. Samuels
          Asian Development Bank                             Peter Dillane            Mario de Jesus San Diego
          European Commission                                James F. Doran           Michael Sanfilippo
                                                             Stephen Doyle            Scott Salmirs
          Businesses                                         Tim Duda                 Lisa Schlingerman
                                                             Hiroshi Ebihara          Marta Siberio
          Action Carting Environmental Services              Aaron David Ferguson     Donald and Andrea-Marie Smith-Jones
          Ambassador Construction Co.                        Barbara Fischer          Jeffrey Ernest Stewart
          Archetype Consultants                              Michael John Gallas      Charlotte Triefus
          CCI Construction                                   Joshua Ginsberg          Jay Vandevens
          Classic Recycling                                  Gail Gorlitzz            Marcello Mariz Veiga
          ConEdison Solutions Inc.                           Katherine Gould-Martin   Newell Washburn
          Five Star Carting                                  Irvine Hunter            Thomas Wilson
          G-Yama                                             Meade R. Jorgensen       Michael Wolff
          Indus Capital Partners LLC                         Sheldon Kasowitz         Jack Yoskowitz
          JDP Mechanical Inc.                                Patricia Kennedy         Bart Ziegler
          Lazard Capital Markets                             Melissa Kushner          Leandro M. Zucchi
          Northeast Lamp and Recycling                       Mary Tyler Knowles
 page     Royal Waste Services Inc.                          William S. Lamb
20 / 24                                                      Phillip Landrigan
                                                                                                                                               page
                                                                                                                                               21 / 24
All Contributors
The Blacksmith Honors Circle             Benefactors                 Donors                      ConEdison Solutions Inc   Richard Suggs and
($1,000,000+)                            (up to $50,000)             (up to $10,000)             James F. Doran            Bonnie McKenzie
                                                                                                 Stephen Doyle             Reginald Tartaglione
Green Cross Switzerland                  Eastern Advisors Capital    Classic Recycling           Aaron David Ferguson      Seth and Gail Turkeltaub
Sigrid Rausing Trust                     Group, LLC                  Dudley T. Dougherty         Andrew J. Formato         Jay Vandevens
European Commission                      ERM Group Foundation Inc.   Foundation, Inc.            Louis Goldring and J.A.   Vornado Office
                                         Kadoorie Charitable         Filco Carting Corporation   Vowles                    Management
The Blacksmith Funders (up to            Foundation                  IESI Corporation            David Green               Waldorf Carting
$1,000,000)                              Sheldon Kasowitz            JDP Mechanical Inc.         Groundspring              Fred Warner
                                         Northeast Lamp and          Royal Waste Services Inc.   Michael Guarasci          Jeffrey Wetzler
Asian Development Bank                   Recycling                   Schwab Charitable           G-Yama                    Sri P. Wijegoonaratna
Great Forest / Richard Fuller            Oak Foundation USA, Inc.    Foundation                  JoAnn Hanson              Steven Yanis
United Nations International             Murray Palmer               Sprint Recycling            The Hobbs Group, LLC
Development Organization                 Vista Hermosa               Vincent Mulford             Irvine Hunter             Friends
                                         Foundation                  Foundation                  Jem Sanitation            (up to $1,000)
Funders (up to $250,000)                                                                         James E. Kellett
                                         Sponsors                    Contributors                Kirkland & Ellis          Joseph Abbatiello
Coca Cola Foundation                     (up to $25,000)             (up to $5,000)              Foundation                AES Inc
Indus Capital Partners, LLC                                                                      Langlois Heating & A/C    Kiyoshi Agata
Joshua Ginsberg Ph.D. - Marian           Conrad Meyer III            ABM Co of NY                Service, LLC              Kulsum Ahmed
Naumberg Estate                          Doyle Trading               Manhattan                   Toby Lunt                 Jeffrey and Marina Alario
Mailman Foundation, Inc.                 Consultants, LLC            ABM Janitorial-Northeast    NuEnergy Group.           Vince Alban
Rockefeller Brothers Fund                Five Star Carting           Action Carting              Andrew S Offit            The Alden Group Inc.
Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors        Gerry Ohrstrom Donors       Environmental Services      King, Pagano & Harrison   David Alexanian
                                         Trust                       AKF Group, LLC              Robert Principe           Edward T. Allenby
Major Benefactors (up to $100,000)       William R. Ginsberg         The Angeletti Group, LLC    Rapid Recycling           Matthew Alles
                                         Kapadia Energy              Ambassador                  Peter Ridley              Stanley Alpert
Annenberg Foundation                     Louis Berger Group, Inc.    Construction Co.            Scott Salmirs             Gregory Alain Altman
Conservation, Food, and Health           Provident Bank              Archetype Consultants       Robert B. Samuels         Joseph J. Angelett, Jr.
Foundation                               Roux Associates             Michael Ashmore             Seattle Rotary Service    Kazuyuki Aoki
Mechner Foundation                       Sohn Foundation             Allen Barnett               Foundation                Randi and Michael April
NY Community Trust                       Whole Systems               Alex and Marie Jose         Richard Sheppard          James M. Arkoosh
Lazard Capital Markets - Ron Reede       Foundation                  Berenstein                  Eileen Shields West       Gerald E. and Marilyn J. Arndt
Richard and Rhoda Goldman Fund           William T. Hillman          Paul Brooke                 Andrea-Marie J. and       Robert and Joyce Arthur
United States Environmental Protection   Foundation                  Christopher Brown           Donald Smith-Jones        Hiroshi Asai
Agency                                   Barbara Zuckerberg          Campbell Foundation         Christian Sonne           Seiichi Asaka
World Bank                                                           Fund                        Spacesmith                Timothy Askew
                                                                     Eugene Choi                 Hume Steyer               Erika Atsumi-Stewart
                                                                     James Coffee                Structure Tone Inc.       Avanti Real Estate Advisors
   page
  22 / 24


Friends                           Cole Burton and Emily Rubidge      Michael J. Conway                William Eisenbeis                 Michael John Gallias         Kate Hemphill
(up to $1,000)                    Elizabeth G. Butler                Tim Cook                         Nicola F. Ellis                   Rodney Galon                 Stu Hendel
                                  Judy Bryson                        Charles C. Copeland              Jeffrey Elmer                     Alexandra S. Garcia          Bruce Henwood
Shoji Baba                        Sylvana Caloni                     Cary Cornell                     Keiko Enomoto                     Humberto & F Andrea Garcia   Michael and Kathleen Hillis
Richard M. Bachrach               Edward Campbell                    Corporate Rain                   Christopher Eoyang                Conor Gately                 Stephanie Hines
Matthew and Margaret Balitsaris   Jane Campbell                      John A. Cutler                   Bret Ericson                      Anne Gehris                  Atsushi Hirata
Nic Banks                         Miriam Campbell                    Kenneth Danczewski               Nathalie D. Esposito              Nicholas George              Penny S. L. Ho
Lestrino B. Baquiran              Dean O. Cameron                    Richard D’Angelo.                A. Douglas Eu                     Richard Gibbens              Donald and Margot Hoeman
Eytan Bar-Chama                   Phillip Canneaux                   John and Judith Day              Richard and Rebecca Evans         Tracy Gibbons                Todd and Carol Hoeman
Cameron Barnett                   Jack Caravanos                     Mario de Jesus San Diego         Foundation                        Audrey and Bryan Gillette    Patrick Hogan
Bill Barron                       Anne Carney and Noel Barrett       Bart De Jong                     Stephen and Valerie Evans-Freke   Lukin T. Gilliland, Jr.      Minoru Hogawa
David Barrosse                    Gretchen L. Caspary                Charles de Trenck                Lisa Failla                       Sara K. Gillingham           Jens Hohenberg
Nicholas Bartlett                 Melissa Castellano                 Stephen Deare-Bilham             Faletta Carting Corporation       Sara Kate Gillingham-Ryan    Yosuke Honjo
Amnon Bar-Tur                     Mary Caulkins                      Catherine Debreceny and Antony   Hinda Farmer                      Robert Glassman              Shin Horie
Brian D. Bassett                  CCI Construction                   Martin                           Richard I Farr                    Gary Goldenberg              Joan Horton
Walter R. Bateman II              Simon Chadwick                     Carla Maria Degnan               Kate Farrell                      Amy Gomez                    Hiroshi Hoshi
John Bates                        Alex Chan                          Anna Dengler                     Paul D. Farrell                   Katherine Gould-Martin       Steve Hoskins
Stan Beckers                      Jenny Chan                         John Dennis                      Jerry Feinstein                   Gail Gorlitzz                Douglas C. Howland
Miriam and Joseph Bellina         Steve Chang                        Aimee Derbes                     Carolina Feito                    Richard R. Grassey, Jr.      Paul L. Hudson III
Charlotte Benzinger               Jennifer Chao Pe                   Luc Derrendinger                 Roger H. Felberbaum               William Green                Teresa Hui
Sine Bepler                       Rajiv J. Chaudhri                  Lino DiCuollo                    Susan Ferla                       Laura Grenning Kneeland      Lynn Hummer
Chris Bevan                       Christine Y. Chen                  Peter Dillane                    Emily M. Fields                   Jamie A. Grifo               Hans and Laurie Hunger
Andrew Biaglow                    Yunwei Chen                        Antony Dirga                     Barbara Fischer                   Guarantee Records Mgmt       Akira Iizuka
Amaury G. Bier                    Cathy Cheung                       Anne Melissa Dowling             David Fisher and Duncan Limbaga   Ross Guberman                Kay Ikawa
William P. Bijesse                Lawrence P. Chiarello              Thomas Downs                     Roger E. Fishman                  Pavlin Gueorguiev            William Inabnet
Kay Binnie                        Stephanie Chick                    Grant Draper                     Jennifer Fletcher                 Allen Gurevich               Takeo Isaji
David Binns                       Celine Chicote-Navas               Bruce M. Dresner                 Laurence B. Flood                 Rebecca Halperin             Norihisa Ishikawa
Meredith Block                    Benjamas Chit Tibunruan            Joanna Rees Driscoll             Tom Fogarty                       David C. Halpert             Tadashi Ishikuro
James Bogin                       Henry Chow                         John Driscoll, Jr.               Ronald Fortune                    Julian Hansen                Kenichi Ito
Malcolm Bone                      Richard and Margaret Christenson   William M. Drummy, Jr.           Christopher Franck                Nicholas Harbinson           Seiya Ito
Jonathan Boyer                    Dennis Chu                         Tim Duda                         Samuel Frankel                    Kristen Harne                Masoko Itou
George Boynton                    Gina Lin Chu                       Andrew R. Dunlap                 Louis C. Franzetti                Marcus Harshbarger           Hideki Iwakami
Erwin Brisso                      Eunu Chun and Lisa Kim             Herb & Marcia Dunn               Christian Frei                    Shigeyoshi Hasegawa          Toshiro Iwasaki
Brooke-McCarragher Foundation     Marie and William Cimino           Douglas Dunnan                   David R. Froelke                  G. Hashimoto                 Joseph Jackson
Michael A. and Wendy Brosse       Climateworks Foundation            David C and Nichola D Ebel       Hideo Fujii                       David Hatt                   Nathaniel Jackson
Phillip A. Bruno                  John B Cobey                       Oliver Eberstadt                 Mutsuhisa Fujii                   Akira Hayakawa               Samuel L. Jacob
Anthony D. Bune                   Shari J. Cohen                     Hiroshi Ebihara                  Satoshi Fujita                    James D. Hays                Christophe Jaubert
James Burger                      Dennis and Eileen Colton           Jun Ebisawa                      Richard Fuller                    Nancy Evans Hays             Hiroki Jinnai
Ernest and Diane Burgess          Adam Conn                          Michael Ehrlich                  Joanna Rees Gallanter             Erik and Melissa Heinen      Stephen and Sandra Johnsen
                                                                                                                                                                                             page
                                                                                                                                                                                             23 / 24


Eugene Johnson                     Louis and Amie Kreisberg        John E. Mack                     Robert Mik                      Koji Narisawa                    Nicholas Payne
Jesse Johnson                      Eric Adam kriegstein            Stephen Mack                     Toshiaki Miki                   Beth Nash                        Paul F. Pendergast
Rusty Johnson                      Richard L. Kubicz               James MacLean                    Tsuneo Miki                     Lindsay Nelson                   Faith Pengelly
Iain Johnston                      Yoshiyuki Kubo                  August Maffry, Jr.               Ann G. Miller                   Network For Good                 Anthony D. Pennetti
Iain M. Johnston                   John Leonard Kuehn and Elaine   Paul and Angelita Magda          Dean L. Miller                  William Newell                   Edward and Ellen Perley
Donald Jones                       Catherine                       Paula A. Magda                   Eric J. Miller                  Kim Newman                       Debbie Petterson
Jeff Jones                         Daniela G. Kunen                Richard Mandel                   Nicole Miller                   Guy Nicholls                     Robert D. Petty
Rodney Jones                       Melissa Kushner                 Jamie Mann                       Daniel R. Mintz                 John Nicolis                     Heleen Pfeiffer-Toucher
Meade R. Jorgensen                 Takeo Kusunose                  Michael March                    Heena Mir                       Takeshi Niinami                  Vincent J. Pisano
Robert Judkins                     Dave Kwan                       Seth D. Marcus                   Robert Mirams                   Yasuhiro Nishigaki               Patrick E. Poletti
Gaelle Jupet                       Andrew J. Lackovic              Stuart Marcus                    Jane Mitakides                  Teruhiko Nishimura               Allen Pomianek
JustGive                           Gary LaFon                      Jose M. Marquina                 Shinji Miyaji                   Steve Novick                     Terry Poon
Tomio Kado                         Stephen and Melissa Laico       Martin and Susan Kozak Fund      Shuji Miyaki                    Jeremy Oades                     Carol and Roger Popelka
Masahiro Kadomatsu                 Dave Lalin                      Serge Maruani                    Hideyuki Mizuno                 Alexander V.& Maureen Obrien     Thierry Porte
Toshio Kakumoto                    LAM Electrical Supply Co.       Toru Maruyama                    Shunsaku Mizuno                 Moomjy                           Christopher Porto
Alexander Kalis                    William S. Lamb                 Stephen E. Marvin                Shoji Mizutani                  Ocean Avenue Restaurant Inc.     Andrew Portsmouth-Layton
Rachel Kalman                      N. John Lancaster               Betsy Massar                     Timothy H. Moe                  John Michael O’Donnell           Ronnie Potel
Jeffrey Kaminsky                   Phillip Landrigran              Takuo Matsuka                    Yuzaburo Mogi                   Toshiki Oguchi                   Steve Powers
Tatsuyuki Kanari                   Karen Lang Bodner               Kevin J. McCaffrey               Feroz Moideen                   Hidefumi (Harry) Ohata           Meg Preissler
David Kantor                       Pierre F. Lapeyre, Jr.          Elizabeth McCaul                 Philip Kwan Yat Mok             Jiro Okamura                     Siu Pui
Marc E. Kasowitz                   Dennis Lee                      Elizabeth McColl                 Akim Monet                      Masanori Okio                    Duncan Quinn-Smith
Joseph T. Kastantin                Pierre Lenis                    Andrew R. McCullough             Paulette Monserrate-Schena      Koichi Onaka                     Margaret Rachnowitz
Takaaki Kato                       Dominic Lepore                  Sam and Nance McCullough         Gabriel A Montano               John J. O’Neil                   Kirk August Radke
Samieru Kawaguchi                  Richard and Kelly Lesperance    J. Wesley McDade                 James Moon                      Ryoichi Ono                      Mikhail Rapaport
Barbara L. Kay                     Valerie Lester                  Roger McDonald                   Elizabeth Moore                 Stephen and Lynne Orbach         Marisa Raphael
Daniel and Gloria Kay              Katie Levin                     Victoria McGlothren              Jack and Maggie Morgan          Kazuo Osako                      Barry R. Rapozo
Lauri and Brian Kay                Heidi Levine                    Shaun McGovern                   Carla Moschetti and David Lee   Masahiko Oshima                  Jacqueline Rasulo
Patricia Kennedy                   Barry and Betty Lewis           Margaret and William McLeod      Georgia Mouzakis                C P Osorio                       Christopher J. Reilly
Marc Kenneth                       John S. Lindsay                 Alan J. McMillan                 Richard Moxon                   Michael Ostern                   Jeffrey and Ellen Reinkraut
Andrew Kerivan                     Michelle K. Lindsay             Julian McNamara                  Kevin Murphy                    Greg M. Ostroff                  Carlisle Knowlton Rex-Waller
Georgiana B. Ketcham               Pedro Lins de A. Barbosa        Timothy Meade                    Richard and Nancy Muzzy         Christopher John O’Sullivan      Louis and Melissa Rice
Atif Khawaja                       Andrea Linsky                   Melissa Meece                    John Mytton                     Brian Otis                       Kenneth Richards
Takahiro Kimura                    Richard K. Llewellyn            Satyen Mehta                     Michael Nader                   Thomas B. Outerbridge            Mary C. Richardson
Haruhiko Kizu                      Elizabeth Longo                 Robert J. Meislin                Masahiro Nagayasu               Sandra Page-Cook                 Alison Ridge
Phillip Knaiger and Christy Jane   Dan Lucas                       Mahesh Melwani                   Jin Nakamura                    Ranjan Pal                       Eyal Rimmon
MacEwan                            Amanda B. Ludlow                Men at Work Construction Corp.   Teruo Nakamura                  Susan Russell Paluska            Pamela Rimmon
Hirotake Kobayashi                 David Lundell                   Karen Merritt                    Peter B. Nalle                  Paridon Horticultural 1979 Ltd   Betsy Ring
Akiko Koda                         Mei Lisa Luther                 Laura Merwin                     Koji Namiki                     Geoff Parr                       Cameron and Carlene Roberts
Kathryn Kompass                    Margaret Ellen Lyons            Loyd and Marian Mieden           Nani                            Philip Parry                     Michael S. Robertson
 page
24 / 24


          Friends                            Deborah Schwartz               Patrick Spillmann                Tom Tsuneishi                   Daphne and Ralph Whitman
          (up to $1,000)                     Luigi Scognamiglio             Michael Stapleton                Thomas Turiano                  Lee Whittaker
                                             Searchlight Consulting, Inc.   Peter Stein                      Mary Tyler Knowles              Jay and Marie Noelle Wholley
          Ingrid Robeyns and Roland Pierik   Douglas B. Seckendorf          Michael Steinberg                Takeshi Ueshima                 Jody William Rosenfeld
          Jarvis Rockwell                    Christine Seguin               Jeffrey Ernest Stewart           Julia Umnov                     Ann and Sewall Williams
          Paul and Chauncie Rodzianko        Ira C Selkowitz                Steve Stine                      Takashi Ushiku                  Arthur and Hanne Williams
          Claire Roever                      Sylvia Sepulveda               Olivier D. Stocker               Kazuki Usui                     Rachel and Damon Williams
          Pamela Rosen                       John Sequino                   William C. Stone                 UtiliChoice International LLC   Michael Willig
          Edward S. Rosenbaum                Wendiann Sethi                 Usha Subramaniam                 Hugo van                        Thomas Wilson
          Tycho L. Rosenfeld                 Kaveh Sheibani                 Ikuo Suesada                     Jean-Edouard Van Praet          Anne W. Winter Trust
          Robert B. Ross                     Mark R. Shenkman               Harumi Supit                     Adrian Van Schie                Henning Witte
          Jennifer Rotanz                    Toland Sherriff                Harry Suzuki                     Dennis and Martha Van Vactor    Daniel Wolf
          Marilynn Rowley                    Yasunari Shiino                Nobusato Suzuki                  Marcello Mariz Veiga            Sarah Wolfe
          Paul Ruddock                       Hajime Shimada                 Peter E. Swahn                   George E. Vickers, Jr.          Michael Wolff
          Nefertiti Ruff                     Mika Shimada                   Geoffrey L. Symonds              Chad Vignola                    Canmy Wong
          Reuven Russell                     Mamoru Shinagawa               Katsuya Takanashi                Tessie L Vista                  Howard Wong
          Robert Russell                     Yasushi Shingai                Yasuharu Takase                  Margrit Von Braun and Ian Von   Pauline Wong
          John Russo                         Junichi Shiroshita             Takehiko Takatsu                 Lindern                         Patrick Woods
          John J. Ryan, Jr.                  Paul C. Shiverick              Kazuaki Takeuchi                 Diego von Buch                  Sean Wu
          E. Eric Rytter and Pamela Holman   Marta Siberio                  Shuichi Tamai                    Vortex, Inc                     Daniel Wuthrich
          Kunihiko Sakioka                   Joe Silk                       Bernice W. A. Tan                Nelson S. Walsh                 Koya Yamada
          James Salik                        Natalie Sarah Silver           Eiichi Tanabe                    Kitty Wan                       Masaya Yamashiro
          Mary and Scott Salmirs             Paul G. S. Silver              Koji Tanaka                      Tai-Li Wang                     Michiro Yamashita
          Machiel Salomons                   David A. Silverman             Kristi A. Tange, Ichiro Tange    Charles W. Ward                 Junichi Yamazaki
          Jack L. Salzman                    Kathryn Simpson                Paul P. Tanico                   Sean Warren                     Ferida Yang
          Nancy Sammon                       Tan Hiap Sing                  Shimpei Taniguchi                Sean C. Warren                  Maria Yang
          Bill Sanchez                       Sarina Singhi                  Yoshiyuki Tateishi               Newell Washburn                 Lisa Yeh
          Michael Sanfilippo                 Matthew J. Sippel              James and Marjorie Taylor        Yoshifumi Watanabe              Grace Yiu
          Fredric P. Sapirstein              Suzanne Skyvara                Kiyotaka Teranishi               Owen Rhys Watkins               Paul Yiu
          Marie T. Sassi                     Alice Slater                   Takashi Terashima                Steven W. Wayne                 Kunihiko Yoshida
          Setsuya Sato                       Todd and Susan Slater          Thomson Scientific Instruments   Trisha and Matthew Weber        Kayoko Yoshimitsu
          Shingo Sato                        Garfield Smith                 Mark A. Thorburn                 Loren P. Weiss                  Jack Yoskowitz
          Stephen J. Schaefer                Justin B. Smith                Courtney Tinnan                  Bruce & Nanci Weissgold         Peter Young
          Lisa Schlingerman                  Mark Smith                     Akihide Toda                     Liz Welch                       Sun Yum
          Richard Schmidt                    Oona Marie Smith               Roslyn Tom                       Wellspent.Org                   Laura Zhou
          Susan J. Schoenfeld                Richard N. Smith               Goro Toyama                      Richard M. Wertheimer           Bart Ziegler
          Philippe Scholl                    John L. So                     Leonardo Trasande                Michael J. Westcott             Leandro M Zucchi
          Schwab Charitable Fund             Michael Sofaer                 Charlotte Triefus                Cheryl Westley
          Brian Schwartz                     Gerry Spahn                    Teiichiro Tsuchiya               Kenneth Whee

				
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