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					   The LEP
   Special Tabulation
   of Census 2000 Data on Limited
   English Proficient Adults

   U.S. Department of Labor
   Employment & Training Administration

  The Department of Labor has sponsored a special tabulation of Census data on
  Limited English proficient (LEP) populations as a resource for planning
  employment and training services. Information is broken out for 39 Census
  languages and language clusters, and the tabulations are designed to match the
  service areas of states and local Workforce Investment Areas. Each state and
  local Workforce Investment Area (LWIA) has a separate Excel workbook file
  containing six worksheets or pages. In addition to this Introduction page, there
  are a Glossary, a Quick Reference Guide, and three large tables:

  Table 1: Total Population (the number of people in the state or LWIA age 5 and
  older who speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported
  measure of how well they speak English.)

  Table 2: Adults (the number of adults in the state or LWIA age 18 and older who
  speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported measure
  of how well they speak English.)

  Table 3: Characteristics (a socio-economic profile of the population that reports
  speaking English "not very well" or "not at all" with their employment status,
  occupation, income, earnings and other labor market characteristics.)

  Where the Data Come From
  Source data for the tabulations comes from a 1-in-6 sample of U.S. households
  contacted for the 2000 Census - - the same source used for many tables
  available through American FactFinder (http://factfinder.census.gov). The tables
  presented here were designed by DOL specifically with the workforce investment
  system in mind, and are not available through FactFinder. If you would like to
  check on the way your service area was defined for these tables, open
  "LWIA Definitions.xls" on the LEP Data Disk CD, or go to
  www.doleta.gov/usworkforce/lep/census.




LEP Special Tabulation                  Introduction                                  1
  What the Data Tables Contain
  · Tables 1 and 2 are estimates of the numbers of LEP people within the
  service area. They display the number and percentage of people within each
  language group who can speak English at four levels of ability, ranging from
  "very well" to "not at all." Understanding the entire range of language ability
  can be helpful in service planning, and it allows users to define their own
  cut-off points for limited English proficiency if needed. (For example, for some
  purposes, it may be useful to know the number of residents who speak English
  less than well.) There is also an estimate across all non-English languages, and
  an estimate of the population that speaks only English at home.

  Tables 1 and 2 are identical in layout: Table 1 includes the entire population
  age 5 and above, while Table 2 is limited to the population age 18 and above,
  who may be eligible for WIA services to Adults.

  · Table 3 takes a closer look at the social and economic characteristics of people
  who speak a language other than English at home and whose English proficiency
  is limited to speaking English "not well" or "not at all." Foreign language
  speakers who speak English "well" or "very well" are not represented
   in Table 3. Output covers the same 39 languages or language clusters that
   appear in Tables 1 and 2, plus a summary across all non-English languages.
  For purposes of comparison, there is also a column that shows the characteristics
  of residents who speak only English at home. Most measures refer to the
  population age 18 and over.

  Some Practical Tips for Using the Excel file
  Viewing a different table or page of this file: to navigate between tables or
  pages, just click on the gray tabs that appear near the bottom of your screen.

  Viewing the tables on-screen: Use the arrow keys, PageUp/ PageDown keys,
  and scroll bars to move to different parts of the table. The Zoom feature in the
  top menu bar (very much like Word's) allows you to reduce or enlarge the view.

  You can also hold the table headings in view while you move around in the table.
  Position the cursor at the 'corner' of the top and left-hand labels (cell B7 in Tables
  1 and 2, cell B10 in Table 3), and click on Window > Freeze panes in the top menu.

  Printing: The files are set up to print in landscape format, with column and row
  headings reproduced on each page. To print just one table, go to that table's
  worksheet and select File > Print > OK. To print the entire workbook (all tables,
  plus the Introduction, Quick Reference, and Glossary sheets), check 'Entire workbook'
  in the lower-left of the print dialogue box.

  Tables 1 and 2 should print out onto two pages, and Table 3 onto 18 pages.
  However, Excel files may print differently on different printers, and unnecessary



LEP Special Tabulation                    Introduction                                     2
  pages can sometimes be generated. To avoid this, select File > Print preview
  and check for nearly-blank pages. They can usually be eliminated by selecting
  File > Page setup > Page, and adjusting the scaling to 95% or 90% of normal size.

  For More Advanced Users: The tables are active Excel spreadsheets. The contents
  can be reformatted, and new worksheets can be created that analyze the data
  in different ways -- for example, by regrouping languages or creating new
  percentage measures.

  Identifiers and Missing LWIAs
  LWIA Identifiers. All tables show the state, and an LWIA name and number in
  the Heading information. Although it will usually be easy to identify your LWIA,
  some recent name changes may not be reflected in these listings.

  The LWIA number is the organization's official identifier in the DOL WIASRD
  database. In a few cases (mostly new LWIAs) the correct number could not be
  determined, and the LWIA was assigned a 'dummy' number ending in 99. The
  LWIA name and number can easily be changed before printing.

  LWIAs with statewide service areas (including District of Columbia, Puerto Rico,
  and the multi-state Navajo Nation service area) should use the state-level tabulations.

  Output for some LWIAs was censored because of insufficient population
  size. In all its published output, Census applies very strict rules to protect the
  confidentiality of individuals and families. The Census Disclosure Review Board
  scrutinized the LEP special tabulation very closely because of its very detailed
  breakout of small language groups, and in some cases determined that the
  population of an LWIA service area was too small to allow results to be published.

  Tabulations for 31 LWIAs were censored because of confidentiality concerns.
  In the ten states where this occurred, data for all censored service areas within
  the state were grouped together and presented under the title 'Balance of
  State.' A list of affected LWIAs appears at the end of these instructions.

  Limitations of the Data
  Like all data sources, the LEP special tabulation has limitations to keep in mind:

  · It refers to a single point in time (February 2000). The characteristics of the
  population may have changed since then.

  · Although the base sample is very large, it is still a sample and subject to a
  degree of statistical error. In most cases the Census Bureau has also rounded
  population counts to the nearest 0 or 5.

  ·   In some areas of the country, it is likely that recent immigrants were under-



LEP Special Tabulation                    Introduction                                      3
  counted in the 2000 Census, leading to under-estimates of the LEP population.

  · The crucial measure for defining LEP -- Ability to speak English -- is based on
  self-report, or on an answer given by another member of the household.

  · In some cases there may have been errors in reporting the type of language
  spoken at home, as the names used by speakers of a language to identify it may
  reflect ethnic, geographic, or political factors rather than true linguistic distinctions.

  Technical documentation for the source data in these tables (including definitions
  of terms and guidelines for calculating standard errors and confidence intervals)
  can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical documentation,
  available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf. The Glossary
  worksheet that comes with the tables also provides helpful definitions of terms.


     LWIAs Which Could Not Be Tabulated Separately Due To Small Population Size


     State           Name                                      LWIA    Data can be found in...

    Arizona         Apache County                               4060   AZ Balance of State
                    Graham County                               4015     "    "
                    Greenlee County                             4020     "    "
                    Navajo County                               4075     "    "
                    Nineteen Tribal Nations WIA                 4090     "    "
                    Santa Cruz County                           4040     "    "
    California      Mendocino County                            6235   CA Balance of State
                    Richmond (city)                             6055     "    "
                    San Benito County                           6225     "    "
    Colorado        Big Ten Counties Northeast Colorado         8045   CO Balance of State
                    Northwest Region                            8045     "    "
                    South Central Region                        8045     "    "
                    Southeast Region                            8045     "    "
                    Southwest Region                            8045     "    "
                    Upper Arkansas Region                       8045     "    "
                    Western Region                              8045     "    "
    Florida          Florida Crown - Region 7                  12230   FL Balance of State
    Hawaii          County of Kauai                            15020   HI Balance of State
    Illinois        Vermilion County                           17090   IL Balance of State
    Iowa            Iowa Valley Community College, Region 6    19030   IA Balance of State
                    NW Iowa Planning; Regions 3                19100     "    "
                    NW Iowa Region 4                           19110     "    "
                    Region XII COG; Region 8                   19155     "    "
                    WIA Matura Action Corporation, Region 14   19150     "    "
    Minnesota       Duluth (city)                              27005   MN Balance of State
                    Northwest Minnesota                        27045     "    "
                    Winona County                              27080     "    "
    New York        Sullivan County                            36140   NY Balance of State
                    Tompkins County                            36225     "    "
    Oklahoma        Northwest Oklahoma                         40005   OK Balance of State




LEP Special Tabulation                          Introduction                                     4
Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Tables 1 and 2
 The table Heading tells you what the tabulation is                         „Percent‟ in the first four columns                      LWIA Number is the official
 about. It also describes the table„s Universe (the                         refers to the percentage of people                       identifier in DOL‟s WIASRD
 population that is covered, such as Adults 18 and                          within a language group who speak                        database. Where the LWIA
 older), and identifies the State and Local Workforce                       English Very Well, Not Well, etc.                        number wasn't available, a
 Investment Area.                                                           Those percentages add up to 100                          "dummy" number was
                                                                            for each language group.                                 assigned that ends in 99.




 Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
 Universe: Total population
 Geography:                               Minnesota        Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area                                                  27095 LWIA#

                                                     Speak English        Speak English            Speak English         Speak English
                                                       "very well"              "well"                 "not well"          "not at all"               Total
      Language Spoken at Home                       Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
      Total population                                   (X)        (X)         (X)          (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)        (X)    893450            100
 Not in universe (population under 5 years)              (X)   In Table 1, children under 5
                                                                    (X)         (X)          (X)         (X)       Universe: (X)
                                                                                                                  (X)         Except for(X) top 62145
                                                                                                                                         the                    6.96
 Speak only English                                      (X)   are not counted(X)
                                                                    (X)          except in Line
                                                                                             (X)         (X)       three rows(X)the table, all
                                                                                                                  (X)         of        (X)    756670          84.69
 Speak language other than English                    44325    1, Total Population.
                                                                59.39      16660         22.32      10980          other 2675          3.58
                                                                                                                14.71 items in the table refer 74640            8.35
 African languages                                     2795     66.31        1020          24.2         370      8.78 people who speak a
                                                                                                                              30       0.71
                                                                                                                   to                             4215          0.47
 Arabic                                                 825     70.82          215       18.45          100      8.58
                                                                                                                   language other than2.15
                                                                                                                              25       English    1165          0.13
 Armenian                                                 40       100            0            0           0         0
                                                                                                                   at home.    0           0         40            0
                                                                            (X) in a cell means that the
 Chinese                                               1800     46.63        1165        30.18          705     18.26       190        4.92       3860          0.43
                                                                            measure does not apply to a
 French (incl. Patois, Cajun)                          2690     71.64          555       14.78          470     12.52         40       1.07       3755          0.42
                                                                            particular group, or that a
 French Creole                                            60    75.95            15      18.99             4     5.06          0           0         79         0.01
               The table is easy to                                         statistic is not relevant.                                         „Percent‟ in the 0.64
 German                                                4370     76.53          810       14.19          510      8.93         20       0.35       5710
 Greek         interpret. Each row gives a              340     80.95            45      10.71            25     5.95         10       2.38    Total column 0.05
                                                                                                                                                    420
 Gujarathi     breakout of language ability             380     80.85            60      12.77            30     6.38          0           0   shows each
                                                                                                                                                    470         0.05
 Hebrew        for a particular language                490     81.67            60           10          50     8.33          0           0   language group 0.07
                                                                                                                                                                as
                                                                                                                                                    600
 Hindi         group within the service area            730     83.52          115       13.16            25     2.86          4       0.46    a percentage of the
                                                                                                                                                    874          0.1
 Hungarian     shown at the top. It shows               165     92.18             4        2.23           10     5.59          0           0         population 0.02
                                                                                                                                               total179         of
 Italian       counts and percentages.                  390     80.41            75      15.46            20     4.12          0           0   the service area.
                                                                                                                                                    485         0.05
 Japanese      The Totals column gives the              385     52.03          280       37.84            75    10.14          0           0        740         0.08
 Korean        total number of people in a              495       41.6         385       32.35          295     24.79         15       1.26       1190          0.13
 Laotian       language group, and their               1375     47.83          880       30.61          550     19.13         70       2.43       2875          0.32
                percentage in the area‟s                                                                                      „Percent‟ really means
                total population.                                                                                             percentage! If you see a very
                                                             This diagram shows only part of the table.
                                                             Tables 1 and 2 print out to two pages each.                      small number like „0.32‟, it means
                                                                                                                              32 hundredths of a percent, or
                                                                                                                              0.0032.




Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                         27095 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                   Minnesota                               Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area

                                                                                                            Language Spoken at Home
                                                                For Comparison:                  LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                        LEP Population, All
                                                               Speak only English          Languages            African Languages         Arabic              Armenian
                         Subject                               Number        Percent    Number       Percent    Number    Percent    Number     Percent    Number      Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                           756,670       100.0       13,650      100.0       405      100.0        120      100.0           0    .
18 years and over                                                 601,255        79.5       10,105       74.0       355       87.7        110       91.7           0    .
65 years and over                                                  91,450        12.1        1,515       11.1        25        6.2          4        3.3           0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                                  601,255       100.0       11,620      100.0       355      100.0        110      100.0           0    .
Less than 9th grade                                                 9,675         1.6        3,300       28.4       155       43.7         20       18.2           0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                                33,950         5.7        2,145       18.5        60       16.9          4        3.6           0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                                139,220        23.2        2,560       22.0        80       22.5         30       27.3           0    .
Some college, no degree                                           153,460        25.5        1,510       13.0        25        7.0         15       13.6           0    .
      LEP degree
AssociateSpecial Tabulation                                          Quick
                                                                   46,915     Reference Guide
                                                                                 7.8        400           3.4        15        4.2         20       18.2           5
                                                                                                                                                                   0    .
Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Table 3
                                                                                    The table Heading items are similar to
                                                                                    Table 1 and Table 2.

Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                                     27095 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                          Minnesota                                  Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area

                                                                                                                     Language Spoken at Home
                                                                       For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                 LEP Population, All
                                                                      Speak only English            Languages             African Languages           Arabic               Armenian
                            Subject                                   Number         Percent     Number        Percent    Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number       Percent
AGE
                                    Use
    Total population (5 years and over) the Blue column 756,670       100.0        13,650                         100.0       Most
                                                                                                                   Universe: 405     of 100.0
                                                                                                                                        the statistics in the table refer to the Limited
                                                                                                                                                       120     100.0           0   .
18 years and over                   as a comparison     601,255        79.5        10,105                          English Proficient
                                                                                                                   74.0      355      (LEP) population. These are people0 .
                                                                                                                                         87.7          110      91.7            who
65 years and over                   group. It shows the   91,450       12.1         1,515                          speak a language other than English at home and speak .
                                                                                                                   11.1         25        6.2            4       3.3           0
                                    characteristics of                                                             English „Not well‟ or „Not at all.‟ People who speak another
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT              people and households                                                          language at home but speak English ‘Well’ or ‘Very well’
    Population 18 years and over who speak only         601,255       100.0        11,620                          are
                                                                                                                  100.0 not represented in this table at all. Except for the Total
                                                                                                                              355       100.0          110     100.0           0   .
Less than 9th grade                 English at home.       9,675         1.6        3,300                          Population155 at the top of thetable, al litems refer to 0 .
                                                                                                                   28.4        row       43.7           20      18.2           the
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                       33,950         5.7        2,145
                                                                                                                   population aged 18 and over or to whole households. 0 .
                                                                                                                   18.5         60       16.9            4       3.6
High school graduate or equivalent                      139,220        23.2         2,560                          22.0         80        22.5         30       27.3          0      .
Some college, no degree                                 153,460 The first Green column
                                                                       25.5         1,510                          13.0         25         7.0         15       13.6          0      .
Associate degree                                          46,915 gives totals for LEP 400
                                                                         7.8                                        3.4         15         4.2         20       18.2          0      .
Bachelor's degree                                       160,855 people in all language
                                                                       26.8         1,170                          10.1         15         4.2         25       22.7          0      .
Graduate or professional degree                           57,185 groups. 9.5          535                           4.6          4         1.1          0        0.0          0      .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over                              12,780         100.0        9,535       100.0        355       100.0        110      100.0          0      .
Entered before 1990                                                         8,575         67.1        3,025        31.7         15
                                                                                                                                        In this table, statistics are shown as0 .
                                                                                                                                            4.2         25        22.7
                                                                                                                                        column percentages - that is the
1990 to 1995                                                                2,130         16.7        3,010        31.6        125        35.2          30        27.3         0   .
                                                                                                                                        percentage of those in a language group
1996 to March 2000                                                          2,075         16.2        3,495        36.7        215        60.6          55        50.0         0
                                                                                                                                        who have a specific characteristic. For .
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                                                                                                                       example, in this illustration, 1.1% of the
     Population 18 years and over                                        601,255         100.0       11,620       100.0        355
                                                                                                                                        African language LEP100.0
                                                                                                                                         100.0         110
                                                                                                                                                                  population have a.
                                                                                                                                                                               0
                                                                                                                                        graduate or professional degree.
In labor force                                                           455,970          75.8        7,005        60.3        210        59.2         65       59.1          0      .
  Civilian                                                               455,620          75.8        7,005        60.3        210        59.2         65       59.1          0      .
     Employed                                                            444,205          73.9        6,530        56.2        145        40.9         55       50.0          0      .
     Unemployed                                                           11,415           1.9          475         4.1         65        18.3         10        9.1          0      .
       Percent of civilian labor force                                        2.5          (X)          6.8         (X)       31.0         (X)       15.4        (X)          .          (X)
  In armed forces                                                            350           0.1            The
                                                                                                          0    tables come with a Glossary that explains important
                                                                                                                   0.0        0         0.0          0         0.0            0      .
                                                                                                          terms and definitions. In the Excel file, look for the gray
Not in labor force                                                       145,285          24.2        4,615      39.7       145        40.9         45        40.9            0      .
                                                                                                          tab that says “Glossary,” at the bottom, just to the right of
OCCUPATION                                                                                                "Characteristics"
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                               444,205         100.0        6,530       100.0        145       100.0         55      100.0          0      .
Management, professional, and related occupations                        194,335          43.8          975        14.9          4         2.8          4        7.3          0      .
Service occupations                                                       42,170           9.5        1,880        28.8         80        55.2         30       54.6          0      .
Sales and office occupations                                             132,505          29.8          900        13.8         30        20.7          4        7.3          0      .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                     30,425           6.9          395         6.1          0         0.0          0        0.0          0      .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                   605           0.1            20        0.3          0         0.0          0        0.0          0      .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations               44,165           9.9        2,365        36.2         30        20.7         20       36.4          0      .

INCOME IN 1999                                          For some measures the
   Households                                                              322,720
                                                        statistic refers not to        100.0          4,110       100.0         95       100.0          4      100.0          0      .
With public assistance income                           individuals, but to the
                                                                              5,425      1.7            670        16.3         55        57.9          0        0.0          0      .
No public assistance income                             household or family.
                                                                           317,295      98.3          3,440        83.7         40      42.1          4     100.0
                                                                                                                          (X) means that a statistic does not                 0      .
                                                        Households or families are                                        apply. For example, „Percent‟ is not
Median household income (dollars)                                            the head of (X)
                                                        counted as LEP if 61,808                     40,110         (X)   reported for median income measures.
                                                                                                                            11,250       (X)     85,489        (X)            0          (X)
                                                        household is defined as LEP.
Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                       48,078           (X)       26,883         (X)     12,083         (X)     45,917        (X)          0          (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                                     34,197           (X)       22,207         (X)     26,875         (X)     35,000        (X)          0          (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                             217,820         100.0        3,290       100.0         80       100.0          4      100.0          0      .
Below poverty level                                                         4,015          1.8          575        17.5         55        68.8     This 0         shows only 0 .
                                                                                                                                                         diagram0.0          part
At or above poverty level                                                213,805          98.2        2,715        82.5         25        31.3     of the table. Table 3 should .
                                                                                                                                                        4      100.0         0
                                                                                                                                                   print out to 18 pages.
LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                           322,720         100.0        4,110       100.0         95       100.0          4      100.0          0      .
Linguistically isolated                                                         0          0.0        2,765        67.3         75        79.0          0        0.0          0      .
Not linguistically isolated                                              322,720         100.0        1,345        32.7         15        15.8          4      100.0          0      .


       LEP Special Tabulation                                                Quick Reference Guide                                                                              6
                                                                                                                                   Page 7 of 31
Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Total population
Geography:                             New York                            Onondaga                                                36185 LWIA#

                                            Speak English          Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                              "very well"              "well"              well"              at all"                Total
    Language Spoken at Home                Number Percent         Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                 Number      Percent
     Total population                             (X)       (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)       (X)      (X)       (X)     458,330      100.0
Not in universe (population under 5 years)        (X)       (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)       (X)      (X)       (X)      29,815        6.5
Speak only English                                (X)       (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)       (X)      (X)       (X)     390,560       85.2
Speak language other than English            23,340        61.5      8,550      22.5     5,090       13.4     975        2.6      37,955        8.3
African languages                                215       69.4          55     17.7         40      12.9        0       0.0         310        0.1
Arabic                                           915       69.1        230      17.4       155       11.7       25       1.9       1,325        0.3
Armenian                                         225       86.5          35     13.5          0       0.0        0       0.0         260        0.1
Chinese                                          615       36.1        795      46.6       280       16.4       15       0.9       1,705        0.4
French (incl. Patois, Cajun)                   2,070       79.2        300      11.5       245        9.4        0       0.0       2,615        0.6
French Creole                                      85      47.5          90     50.3          4       2.2        0       0.0         179        0.0
German                                         1,300       76.3        310      18.2         85       5.0       10       0.6       1,705        0.4
Greek                                            535       64.9        165      20.0       120       14.6        4       0.5         824        0.2
Gujarathi                                        175       67.6          80     30.9          4       1.5        0       0.0         259        0.1
Hebrew                                           275       90.5          25      8.2          4       1.3        0       0.0         304        0.1
Hindi                                            380       72.4        115      21.9         30       5.7        0       0.0         525        0.1
Hungarian                                          40      50.0          40     50.0          0       0.0        0       0.0          80        0.0
Italian                                        3,190       68.2        975      20.9       450        9.6       60       1.3       4,675        1.0
Japanese                                         165       50.0        105      31.8         50      15.2       10       3.0         330        0.1
Korean                                           315       38.7        335      41.2       160       19.7        4       0.5         814        0.2
Laotian                                            80      26.3        100      32.9       120       39.5        4       1.3         304        0.1
Miao, Hmong                                        65      39.4          40     24.2         50      30.3       10       6.1         165        0.0
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                               15      11.5          55     42.3         40      30.8       20      15.4         130        0.0
Navajo                                              0     .               0    .              0     .            0     .               0        0.0
Other and unspecified languages                    50      92.6           4      7.4          0       0.0        0       0.0          54        0.0
Other Asian languages                            510       66.7        185      24.2         55       7.2       15       2.0         765        0.2
Other Indic languages                            305       70.1          95     21.8         25       5.8       10       2.3         435        0.1
Other Indo-European languages                    235       47.5        195      39.4         55      11.1       10       2.0         495        0.1
Other Native North American languages            320       85.6          50     13.4          4       1.1        0       0.0         374        0.1
Other Pacific Island languages                     25      50.0          25     50.0          0       0.0        0       0.0          50        0.0
Other Slavic languages                         1,085       54.0        480      23.9       335       16.7     110        5.5       2,010        0.4
Other West Germanic languages                    120       86.3          15     10.8          4       2.9        0       0.0         139        0.0
Persian                                            70      73.7          25     26.3          0       0.0        0       0.0          95        0.0
Polish                                         1,400       71.1        350      17.8       195        9.9       25       1.3       1,970        0.4
                                                                                                                            Page 8 of 31
Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Total population
Geography:                             New York                      Onondaga                                               36185 LWIA#

                                       Speak English         Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                         "very well"             "well"              well"              at all"               Total
  Language Spoken at Home             Number Percent        Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number      Percent
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole             105      60.0         35      20.0        10       5.7       25      14.3         175        0.0
Russian                                     340      40.5        205      24.4       240      28.6       55       6.6         840        0.2
Scandinavian languages                      135      93.1         10       6.9         0       0.0         0      0.0         145        0.0
Serbo-Croatian                              240      34.0        250      35.5       180      25.5       35       5.0         705        0.2
Spanish or Spanish Creole                 6,525      62.7      2,005      19.3     1,470      14.1      400       3.9      10,400        2.3
Tagalog                                     310      70.6        125      28.5         4       0.9         0      0.0         439        0.1
Thai                                        115      57.5         35      17.5        50      25.0         0      0.0         200        0.0
Urdu                                        265      83.1         50      15.7         0       0.0         4      1.3         319        0.1
Vietnamese                                  430      24.9        550      31.9       620      35.9      125       7.3       1,725        0.4
Yiddish                                     100      96.2          4       3.9         0       0.0         0      0.0         104        0.0
                                                                                                                                Page 9 of 31
Table 2. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Population 18 years and over
Geography:                             New York                         Onondaga                                                36185 LWIA#

                                         Speak English          Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                           "very well"              "well"              well"              at all"                Total
  Language Spoken at Home               Number Percent         Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                 Number      Percent
     Total population 18 and over              (X)       (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)       (X)      (X)       (X)     340,290      100.0
Speak only English                             (X)       (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)       (X)      (X)       (X)     309,560       91.0
Speak language other than English         18,730        61.0      6,970      22.7     4,185       13.6     845        2.8      30,730        9.0
African languages                             175       67.3          50     19.2         35      13.5        0       0.0         260        0.1
Arabic                                        655       63.3        215      20.8       140       13.5       25       2.4       1,035        0.3
Armenian                                      185       84.1          35     15.9          0       0.0        0       0.0         220        0.1
Chinese                                       495       32.5        740      48.5       275       18.0       15       1.0       1,525        0.5
French (incl. Patois, Cajun)                1,690       81.1        210      10.1       185        8.9        0       0.0       2,085        0.6
French Creole                                   50      40.3          70     56.5          4       3.2        0       0.0         124        0.0
German                                      1,145       78.5        245      16.8         65       4.5        4       0.3       1,459        0.4
Greek                                         500       64.2        155      19.9       120       15.4        4       0.5         779        0.2
Gujarathi                                     150       65.5          75     32.8          4       1.8        0       0.0         229        0.1
Hebrew                                        215       93.9          10      4.4          4       1.8        0       0.0         229        0.1
Hindi                                         330       70.2        110      23.4         30       6.4        0       0.0         470        0.1
Hungarian                                       40      50.0          40     50.0          0       0.0        0       0.0          80        0.0
Italian                                     3,020       68.0        950      21.4       410        9.2       60       1.4       4,440        1.3
Japanese                                      115       42.6        105      38.9         40      14.8       10       3.7         270        0.1
Korean                                        265       36.1        315      42.9       150       20.4        4       0.5         734        0.2
Laotian                                         30      14.7          55     27.0       115       56.4        4       2.0         204        0.1
Miao, Hmong                                     35      30.4          30     26.1         40      34.8       10       8.7         115        0.0
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                            15      15.0          30     30.0         35      35.0       20      20.0         100        0.0
Navajo                                           0     .               0    .              0     .            0     .               0        0.0
Other and unspecified languages                 50      92.6           4      7.4          0       0.0        0       0.0          54        0.0
Other Asian languages                         470       64.8        185      25.5         55       7.6       15       2.1         725        0.2
Other Indic languages                         240       67.6          80     22.5         25       7.0       10       2.8         355        0.1
Other Indo-European languages                 215       55.8        135      35.1         25       6.5       10       2.6         385        0.1
Other Native North American languages         240       87.6          30     11.0          4       1.5        0       0.0         274        0.1
Other Pacific Island languages                  20      44.4          25     55.6          0       0.0        0       0.0          45        0.0
Other Slavic languages                        850       49.9        425      24.9       320       18.8     110        6.5       1,705        0.5
Other West Germanic languages                 105       84.7          15     12.1          4       3.2        0       0.0         124        0.0
Persian                                         70      73.7          25     26.3          0       0.0        0       0.0          95        0.0
Polish                                      1,260       69.8        330      18.3       190       10.5       25       1.4       1,805        0.5
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole                 90      58.4          35     22.7          4       2.6       25      16.2         154        0.1
                                                                                                                           Page 10 of 31
Table 2. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Population 18 years and over
Geography:                             New York                      Onondaga                                               36185 LWIA#

                                       Speak English         Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                         "very well"             "well"              well"              at all"              Total
  Language Spoken at Home             Number Percent        Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number     Percent
Russian                                     225      33.8        200      30.1       185      27.8       55       8.3        665        0.2
Scandinavian languages                      125      92.6         10       7.4         0       0.0         0      0.0        135        0.0
Serbo-Croatian                              170      30.4        180      32.1       175      31.3       35       6.3        560        0.2
Spanish or Spanish Creole                 4,520      64.9      1,225      17.6       950      13.6      275       4.0      6,970        2.1
Tagalog                                     255      66.4        125      32.6         4       1.0         0      0.0        384        0.1
Thai                                         80      48.5         35      21.2        50      30.3         0      0.0        165        0.1
Urdu                                        225      80.7         50      17.9         0       0.0         4      1.4        279        0.1
Vietnamese                                  300      22.0        405      29.7       535      39.2      125       9.2      1,365        0.4
Yiddish                                     100      96.2          4       3.9         0       0.0         0      0.0        104        0.0
                                                                                                                                                        Page 1 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                 36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                                  Onondaga

                                                                                                   Language Spoken at Home
                                                     For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                               LEP Population, All
                                                    Speak only English             Languages            African Languages         Arabic              Armenian
                       Subject                       Number         Percent    Number        Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent    Number   Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                390,560        100.0         6,070      100.0         40      100.0       180       100.0        0    .
18 years and over                                      309,560         79.3         5,030       82.9         35       87.5       165        91.7        0    .
65 years and over                                       57,200         14.7         1,115       18.4          0         0.0       30        16.7        0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                       309,560        100.0         5,030      100.0         35      100.0       165       100.0        0    .
Less than 9th grade                                       8,795          2.8        1,430       28.4          0         0.0       45        27.3        0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     34,370         11.1           980       19.5         10       28.6        30        18.2        0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                      90,025         29.1         1,040       20.7         10       28.6        45        27.3        0    .
Some college, no degree                                 65,755         21.2           570       11.3          0         0.0       20        12.1        0    .
Associate degree                                        30,145           9.7          235         4.7         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .
Bachelor's degree                                       49,420         16.0           445         8.9        15       42.9        25        15.2        0    .
Graduate or professional degree                         31,055         10.0           330         6.6         4       11.4         0         0.0        0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over              6,225       100.0         3,505      100.0         25      100.0       140       100.0        0    .
Entered before 1990                                       5,015        80.6         1,395       39.8          0         0.0       65        46.4        0    .
1990 to 1995                                               615           9.9          815       23.3          4       16.0        30        21.4        0    .
1996 to March 2000                                         595           9.6        1,295       37.0         20       80.0        50        35.7        0    .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                      309,560        100.0         5,030      100.0         35      100.0       165       100.0        0    .
In labor force                                         205,280         66.3         2,430       48.3         35      100.0        40        24.2        0    .
  Civilian                                             204,890         66.2         2,430       48.3         35      100.0        40        24.2        0    .
     Employed                                          194,780         62.9         2,195       43.6         35      100.0        40        24.2        0    .
     Unemployed                                         10,110           3.3          235         4.7         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                        4.9        (X)           9.7        (X)        0.0        (X)       0.0        (X)        .        (X)
  In armed forces                                          385           0.1            0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .
Not in labor force                                     104,280         33.7         2,595       51.6          0         0.0      125        75.8        0    .
                                                                                                                                                                  Page 2 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                           36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                                 Onondaga

                                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                          LEP Population, All
                                                               Speak only English             Languages           African Languages         Arabic              Armenian
                           Subject                              Number       Percent      Number       Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent    Number   Percent
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                        194,780      100.0           2,195     100.0         35      100.0        40       100.0        0    .
Management, professional, and related occupations                  74,500       38.3             460      21.0         15       42.9         4        10.0        0    .
Service occupations                                                27,120       13.9             345      15.7         15       42.9        10        25.0        0    .
Sales and office occupations                                       55,650       28.6             320      14.6          0         0.0        4        10.0        0    .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              13,115         6.7            130        5.9        10       28.6        15        37.5        0    .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                            550         0.3             20        0.9         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        23,845       12.2             925      42.1          0         0.0       10        25.0        0    .

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                     165,910      100.0           2,490     100.0         35      100.0        50       100.0        0    .
With public assistance income                                        5,340        3.2            285      11.5         10       28.6         0         0.0        0    .
No public assistance income                                       160,570       96.8           2,210      88.8         25       71.4        50       100.0        0    .


Median household income (dollars)                                  41,752           (X)       22,108        (X)      6,528        (X)    55,000        (X)        0        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                39,438           (X)       25,185        (X)      2,499        (X)    30,625        (X)        0        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                              27,305           (X)       17,346        (X)      2,499        (X)    36,250        (X)        0        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                      106,235      100.0           1,690     100.0         20      100.0        45       100.0        0    .
Below poverty level                                                  8,285        7.8            440      26.0         10       50.0        10        22.2        0    .
At or above poverty level                                          97,950       92.2           1,250      74.0         15       75.0        30        66.7        0    .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                    165,910      100.0           2,490     100.0         35      100.0        50       100.0        0    .
Linguistically isolated                                                  0        0.0          1,725      69.3         20       57.1        25        50.0        0    .
Not linguistically isolated                                       165,910      100.0             765      30.7         15       42.9        25        50.0        0    .
                                                                                                                                                     Page 3 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                         36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                         Onondaga

                                                                                   Language Spoken at Home
                                                                        LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                        French (incl Patois,
                                                      Chinese                 Cajun)            French Creole            German                Greek
                       Subject                     Number    Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                300      100.0         245      100.0         4     100.0          95      100.0       125      100.0
18 years and over                                      290       96.7         185       75.5         4     100.0          65       68.4       120       96.0
65 years and over                                      30        10.0          15        6.1         0        0.0         25       26.3        85       68.0

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                       290      100.0         185      100.0         4     100.0          65      100.0       120      100.0
Less than 9th grade                                    70        24.1           4        2.2         0        0.0         10       15.4        30       25.0
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                    40        13.8          10        5.4         4     100.0           0         0.0       15       12.5
High school graduate or equivalent                     40        13.8          30       16.2         0        0.0         20       30.8        55       45.8
Some college, no degree                                25         8.6          70       37.8         0        0.0         10       15.4         4         3.3
Associate degree                                       40        13.8          35       18.9         0        0.0          4         6.2        0         0.0
Bachelor's degree                                      25         8.6          25       13.5         0        0.0         15       23.1         0         0.0
Graduate or professional degree                        50        17.2          10        5.4         0        0.0         10       15.4        10         8.3

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over           290      100.0          15      100.0         4     100.0          15      100.0        95      100.0
Entered before 1990                                    120       41.4          15      100.0         4     100.0          15      100.0        75       79.0
1990 to 1995                                           90        31.0           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
1996 to March 2000                                     80        27.6           0        0.0         0        0.0          4       26.7        20       21.1

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                      290      100.0         185      100.0         4     100.0          65      100.0       120      100.0
In labor force                                         185       63.8         135       73.0         4     100.0          45       69.2        10         8.3
  Civilian                                             185       63.8         135       73.0         4     100.0          45       69.2        10         8.3
     Employed                                          185       63.8         135       73.0         4     100.0          35       53.9        10         8.3
     Unemployed                                         0         0.0           0        0.0         0        0.0         10       15.4         0         0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                 0.0        (X)         0.0        (X)       0.0          (X)      22.2        (X)       0.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                       0         0.0           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                     105       36.2          50       27.0         0        0.0         20       30.8       110       91.7
                                                                                                                                                                 Page 4 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                     36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                               Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                    French (incl Patois,
                                                                  Chinese                 Cajun)            French Creole            German                Greek
                           Subject                            Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                        185       100.0         135      100.0         4     100.0          35      100.0        10      100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  55        29.7          65       48.2         0        0.0         35      100.0        10      100.0
Service occupations                                                55        29.7          45       33.3         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
Sales and office occupations                                       40        21.6          30       22.2         0        0.0          4       11.4         0         0.0
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              10         5.4           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        25        13.5           0        0.0         4     100.0           0         0.0        0         0.0

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                     160       100.0         105      100.0         4     100.0          45      100.0        80      100.0
With public assistance income                                      10         6.3           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0       10       12.5
No public assistance income                                       155        96.9         105      100.0         4     100.0          45      100.0        70       87.5


Median household income (dollars)                               23,068        (X)      24,833        (X)     8,750          (X)    23,333        (X)    15,893        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             26,375        (X)      42,375        (X)     2,499          (X)    23,611        (X)     2,499        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           15,817        (X)      27,222        (X)     2,499          (X)     2,499        (X)     2,499        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                      125       100.0          55      100.0         4     100.0          20      100.0        35      100.0
Below poverty level                                                25        20.0           4        7.3         4     100.0           0         0.0        0         0.0
At or above poverty level                                         100        80.0          50       90.9         0        0.0         20      100.0        35      100.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                    160       100.0         105      100.0         4     100.0          45      100.0        80      100.0
Linguistically isolated                                            80        50.0          65       61.9         0        0.0         20       44.4        60       75.0
Not linguistically isolated                                        80        50.0          40       38.1         4     100.0          25       55.6        20       25.0
                                                                                                                                                   Page 5 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                       36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                     Language Spoken at Home
                                                                          LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"


                                                      Gujarathi                Hebrew               Hindi              Hungarian             Italian
                       Subject                     Number    Percent       Number    Percent    Number    Percent    Number   Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                  4        100.0          4      100.0       30      100.0         0    .            510        100.0
18 years and over                                        4        100.0          4      100.0       30      100.0         0    .            470         92.2
65 years and over                                        0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .            340         66.7

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                         4        100.0          4      100.0       30      100.0         0    .            470        100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      4        100.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .            210         44.7
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      0          0.0          0        0.0       10       33.3         0    .            100         21.3
High school graduate or equivalent                       0          0.0          4      100.0       10       33.3         0    .             85         18.1
Some college, no degree                                  0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .             35          7.5
Associate degree                                         0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .             20          4.3
Bachelor's degree                                        0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .              4          0.9
Graduate or professional degree                          0          0.0          0        0.0       10       33.3         0    .              4          0.9

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over             4        100.0          4      100.0       30      100.0         0    .            305        100.0
Entered before 1990                                      0          0.0          0        0.0       10       33.3         0    .            295         96.7
1990 to 1995                                             4        100.0          4      100.0        0         0.0        0    .             10          3.3
1996 to March 2000                                       0          0.0          0        0.0       20       66.7         0    .              0          0.0

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                        4        100.0          4      100.0       30      100.0         0    .            470        100.0
In labor force                                           4        100.0          0        0.0       20       66.7         0    .             80         17.0
  Civilian                                               4        100.0          0        0.0       20       66.7         0    .             80         17.0
     Employed                                            4        100.0          0        0.0       20       66.7         0    .             65         13.8
     Unemployed                                          0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .             15          3.2
       Percent of civilian labor force                 0.0          (X)          .        (X)       0.0        (X)        .        (X)      18.8         (X)
  In armed forces                                        0          0.0          0        0.0        0         0.0        0    .              0          0.0
Not in labor force                                       0          0.0          4      100.0       10       33.3         0    .            390         83.0
                                                                                                                                                                Page 6 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                            Onondaga

                                                                                                 Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                      LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"


                                                                  Gujarathi                Hebrew                Hindi              Hungarian             Italian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent       Number     Percent    Number    Percent    Number   Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                           4        100.0          0     .             20      100.0         0    .             65        100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                    0          0.0          0     .             20      100.0         0    .             15         23.1
Service occupations                                                  0          0.0          0     .              0         0.0        0    .              0          0.0
Sales and office occupations                                         0          0.0          0     .              0         0.0        0    .             35         53.9
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                0          0.0          0     .              0         0.0        0    .              0          0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                           0          0.0          0     .              0         0.0        0    .              0          0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations          4        100.0          0     .              0         0.0        0    .             15         23.1

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                        0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .            230        100.0
With public assistance income                                        0    .                  0     .              0         0.0        0    .              0          0.0
No public assistance income                                          0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .            230        100.0


Median household income (dollars)                                    0          (X)          0         (X)    61,250        (X)        0        (X)    22,414         (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                              2,499          (X)       2,499        (X)    28,750        (X)        0        (X)    18,750         (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           13,750          (X)      13,750        (X)    46,250        (X)        0        (X)    23,125         (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                         0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .            120        100.0
Below poverty level                                                  0    .                  0     .              0         0.0        0    .             15         12.5
At or above poverty level                                            0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .            105         87.5

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                       0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .            230        100.0
Linguistically isolated                                              0    .                  0     .              0         0.0        0    .            175         76.1
Not linguistically isolated                                          0    .                  0     .             10      100.0         0    .             55         23.9
                                                                                                                                                     Page 7 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                         36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                    Language Spoken at Home
                                                                         LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                            Mon-Khmer,
                                                       Japanese                Korean               Laotian             Miao, Hmong         Cambodian
                       Subject                     Number    Percent      Number     Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 60     100.0          165       100.0      130        100.0       60      100.0        60      100.0
18 years and over                                       50        83.3        155        93.9      120         92.3       50       83.3        55        91.7
65 years and over                                       10        16.7          4         2.4         0         0.0       15       25.0        20        33.3

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        50     100.0          155       100.0      120        100.0       50      100.0        55      100.0
Less than 9th grade                                     0          0.0          4         2.6       80         66.7       40       80.0        25        45.5
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     4          8.0          0         0.0       15         12.5        0         0.0       30        54.6
High school graduate or equivalent                      20        40.0         10         6.5       10          8.3        4         8.0        0         0.0
Some college, no degree                                 4          8.0         15         9.7         4         3.3        0         0.0        0         0.0
Associate degree                                        0          0.0          4         2.6       10          8.3        4         8.0        0         0.0
Bachelor's degree                                       4          8.0         80        51.6         4         3.3        0         0.0        0         0.0
Graduate or professional degree                         15        30.0         40        25.8         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            35     100.0          155       100.0      120        100.0       50      100.0        55      100.0
Entered before 1990                                     15        42.9         10         6.5       70         58.3       40       80.0        55      100.0
1990 to 1995                                            20        57.1         20        12.9       25         20.8        4         8.0        0         0.0
1996 to March 2000                                      0          0.0        125        80.7       25         20.8        4         8.0        0         0.0

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       50     100.0          155       100.0      120        100.0       50      100.0        55      100.0
In labor force                                          30        60.0         10         6.5       55         45.8       15       30.0        30        54.6
  Civilian                                              30        60.0         10         6.5       55         45.8       15       30.0        30        54.6
     Employed                                           30        60.0         10         6.5       55         45.8       15       30.0        20        36.4
     Unemployed                                         0          0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0       10        18.2
       Percent of civilian labor force                 0.0         (X)         0.0        (X)       0.0         (X)       0.0        (X)      33.3        (X)
  In armed forces                                       0          0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                      20        40.0        145        93.6       70         58.3       35       70.0        25        45.5
                                                                                                                                                                Page 8 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                               Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                                       Mon-Khmer,
                                                                  Japanese                Korean               Laotian             Miao, Hmong         Cambodian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         30      100.0          10       100.0       55        100.0       15      100.0        20      100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  15        50.0          4        40.0       15         27.3        0         0.0        0         0.0
Service occupations                                                10        33.3          0         0.0       10         18.2        4       26.7         0         0.0
Sales and office occupations                                        4        13.3          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        4        20.0
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               0         0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0       10        50.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         0         0.0          4        40.0       25         45.5       10       66.7         4        20.0

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      25      100.0          85       100.0       45        100.0       20      100.0        30      100.0
With public assistance income                                       0         0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
No public assistance income                                        25      100.0          85       100.0       45        100.0       20      100.0        30      100.0


Median household income (dollars)                               60,625        (X)       4,999        (X)    42,841         (X)    41,000        (X)    17,250        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             38,125        (X)      18,750        (X)    24,000         (X)    23,958        (X)    21,389        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                            2,499        (X)       2,499        (X)    13,235         (X)    17,679        (X)    18,750        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       20      100.0          40       100.0       40        100.0       10      100.0        25      100.0
Below poverty level                                                 0         0.0         35        87.5         0         0.0        0         0.0       10        40.0
At or above poverty level                                          20      100.0           4        10.0       40        100.0       10      100.0        15        60.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     25      100.0          85       100.0       45        100.0       20      100.0        30      100.0
Linguistically isolated                                             4        16.0         65        76.5       10         22.2       15       75.0        30      100.0
Not linguistically isolated                                        20        80.0         15        17.7       35         77.8        4       20.0         0         0.0
                                                                                                                                                     Page 9 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                        36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                       Onondaga

                                                                                 Language Spoken at Home
                                                                      LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                                           Other and                                                          Other Indo-
                                                                          Unspecified           Other Asian           Other Indic            European
                                                       Navajo              languages            languages             languages              languages
                       Subject                     Number   Percent     Number    Percent     Number    Percent     Number    Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 0     .               0    .              65      100.0          35     100.0          65      100.0
18 years and over                                       0     .               0    .              65      100.0          35     100.0          35       53.9
65 years and over                                       0     .               0    .               4          6.2         0          0.0       20       30.8

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        0     .               0    .              65      100.0          35     100.0          35      100.0
Less than 9th grade                                     0     .               0    .              15       23.1          10         28.6       20       57.1
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     0     .               0    .              20       30.8           0          0.0        0           0.0
High school graduate or equivalent                      0     .               0    .               0          0.0        15         42.9        4       11.4
Some college, no degree                                 0     .               0    .              15       23.1           0          0.0       10       28.6
Associate degree                                        0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
Bachelor's degree                                       0     .               0    .               4          6.2         4         11.4        0           0.0
Graduate or professional degree                         0     .               0    .              10       15.4           4         11.4        0           0.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            0     .               0    .              65      100.0          35     100.0          30      100.0
Entered before 1990                                     0     .               0    .              20       30.8           0          0.0       10       33.3
1990 to 1995                                            0     .               0    .              15       23.1           0          0.0        0           0.0
1996 to March 2000                                      0     .               0    .              30       46.2          35     100.0          20       66.7

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       0     .               0    .              65      100.0          35     100.0          35      100.0
In labor force                                          0     .               0    .              25       38.5          10         28.6       10       28.6
  Civilian                                              0     .               0    .              25       38.5          10         28.6       10       28.6
     Employed                                           0     .               0    .              20       30.8          10         28.6       10       28.6
     Unemployed                                         0     .               0    .               4          6.2         0          0.0        0           0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                  .         (X)         .         (X)      16.0         (X)       0.0          (X)       0.0          (X)
  In armed forces                                       0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
Not in labor force                                      0     .               0    .              45       69.2          25         71.4       30       85.7
                                                                                                                                                                Page 10 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                   36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                       Onondaga

                                                                                            Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                 LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                                                      Other and                                                          Other Indo-
                                                                                     Unspecified           Other Asian           Other Indic            European
                                                                  Navajo              languages            languages             languages              languages
                           Subject                            Number   Percent     Number    Percent     Number    Percent     Number    Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         0     .               0    .              20      100.0          10     100.0          10       100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  0     .               0    .               0          0.0         4         40.0        4        40.0
Service occupations                                                0     .               0    .               4       20.0           0          0.0        4        40.0
Sales and office occupations                                       0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                         0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        0     .               0    .              10       50.0           4         40.0        0           0.0

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      0     .               0    .              20      100.0           4     100.0          20       100.0
With public assistance income                                      0     .               0    .               0          0.0         0          0.0        0           0.0
No public assistance income                                        0     .               0    .              20      100.0           4     100.0          20       100.0


Median household income (dollars)                                  0         (X)         0         (X)    28,333         (X)     4,999          (X)    28,000          (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                0         (X)         0         (X)    17,222         (X)     2,499          (X)    23,750          (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                              0         (X)         0         (X)     2,499         (X)    13,750          (X)     2,499          (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       0     .               0    .              10      100.0           4     100.0          20       100.0
Below poverty level                                                0     .               0    .               0          0.0         4     100.0           4        20.0
At or above poverty level                                          0     .               0    .              10      100.0           0          0.0       15        75.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     0     .               0    .              20      100.0           4     100.0          20       100.0
Linguistically isolated                                            0     .               0    .              15       75.0           4     100.0          15        75.0
Not linguistically isolated                                        0     .               0    .               4       20.0           0          0.0        4        20.0
                                                                                                                                                     Page 11 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                         36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                           Onondaga

                                                                                    Language Spoken at Home
                                                                         LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                   Other Native North                                                    Other West
                                                       American                Other Pacific      Other Slavic           Germanic
                                                       languages            Island languages       languages             languages             Persian
                       Subject                     Number      Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent    Number   Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                   4         100.0         0    .            440      100.0          4      100.0         0    .
18 years and over                                         4         100.0         0    .            430       97.7          4      100.0         0    .
65 years and over                                         0           0.0         0    .            165       37.5          0         0.0        0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                          4         100.0         0    .            430      100.0          4      100.0         0    .
Less than 9th grade                                       0           0.0         0    .            135       31.4          0         0.0        0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                       0           0.0         0    .             65       15.1          0         0.0        0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                        4         100.0         0    .            120       27.9          4      100.0         0    .
Some college, no degree                                   0           0.0         0    .             45       10.5          0         0.0        0    .
Associate degree                                          0           0.0         0    .             10          2.3        0         0.0        0    .
Bachelor's degree                                         0           0.0         0    .             40          9.3        0         0.0        0    .
Graduate or professional degree                           0           0.0         0    .             15          3.5        0         0.0        0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over              0     .                 0    .            420      100.0          4      100.0         0    .
Entered before 1990                                       0     .                 0    .            170       40.5          4      100.0         0    .
1990 to 1995                                              0     .                 0    .            105       25.0          0         0.0        0    .
1996 to March 2000                                        0     .                 0    .            145       34.5          0         0.0        0    .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                         4         100.0         0    .            430      100.0          4      100.0         0    .
In labor force                                            4         100.0         0    .            190       44.2          4      100.0         0    .
  Civilian                                                4         100.0         0    .            190       44.2          4      100.0         0    .
     Employed                                             4         100.0         0    .            180       41.9          4      100.0         0    .
     Unemployed                                           0           0.0         0    .             10          2.3        0         0.0        0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                   0.0          (X)         .        (X)       5.3         (X)       0.0        (X)        .        (X)
  In armed forces                                         0           0.0         0    .              0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .
Not in labor force                                        0           0.0         0    .            240       55.8          0         0.0        0    .
                                                                                                                                                                 Page 12 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                     36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                   LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                              Other Native North                                                   Other West
                                                                  American               Other Pacific      Other Slavic           Germanic
                                                                  languages           Island languages       languages             languages               Persian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent      Number   Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                           4        100.0         0    .            180      100.0          4         100.0        0    .
Management, professional, and related occupations                    0          0.0         0    .             15          8.3        0           0.0        0    .
Service occupations                                                  0          0.0         0    .             15          8.3        0           0.0        0    .
Sales and office occupations                                         4        100.0         0    .             30       16.7          0           0.0        0    .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                0          0.0         0    .             15          8.3        0           0.0        0    .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                           0          0.0         0    .              0          0.0        0           0.0        0    .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations          0          0.0         0    .            100       55.6          4         100.0        0    .

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                        0    .                 0    .            205      100.0          0     .                0    .
With public assistance income                                        0    .                 0    .             25       12.2          0     .                0    .
No public assistance income                                          0    .                 0    .            175       85.4          0     .                0    .


Median household income (dollars)                                    0          (X)         0        (X)    17,679         (X)        0           (X)        0        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                              2,499          (X)         0        (X)    20,714         (X)     2,499          (X)        0        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                            2,499          (X)         0        (X)    17,266         (X)    26,250          (X)        0        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                         0    .                 0    .            140      100.0          0     .                0    .
Below poverty level                                                  0    .                 0    .             20       14.3          0     .                0    .
At or above poverty level                                            0    .                 0    .            115       82.1          0     .                0    .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                       0    .                 0    .            205      100.0          0     .                0    .
Linguistically isolated                                              0    .                 0    .            160       78.1          0     .                0    .
Not linguistically isolated                                          0    .                 0    .             45       22.0          0     .                0    .
                                                                                                                                                    Page 13 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                       36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                       Onondaga

                                                                                  Language Spoken at Home
                                                                       LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                     Scandinavian
                                                       Polish              Portuguese             Russian             languages            Serbo-Croatian
                       Subject                     Number    Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number   Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)               220       100.0        35     100.0         295       100.0        0    .               215      100.0
18 years and over                                     215        97.7        30         85.7      240        81.4        0    .               210       97.7
65 years and over                                     125        56.8        15         42.9       55        18.6        0    .                15        7.0

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                      215       100.0        30     100.0         240       100.0        0    .               210      100.0
Less than 9th grade                                    75        34.9         4         13.3       15         6.3        0    .                50       23.8
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                    40        18.6         4         13.3       25        10.4        0    .                15        7.1
High school graduate or equivalent                     40        18.6        20         66.7       50        20.8        0    .                80       38.1
Some college, no degree                                25        11.6         0          0.0       45        18.8        0    .                30       14.3
Associate degree                                       15         7.0         0          0.0       25        10.4        0    .                15        7.1
Bachelor's degree                                      15         7.0         0          0.0       50        20.8        0    .                20        9.5
Graduate or professional degree                         0         0.0         0          0.0       20         8.3        0    .                 0        0.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over          135       100.0        30     100.0         210       100.0        0    .               210      100.0
Entered before 1990                                   105        77.8        30     100.0          15         7.1        0    .                10        4.8
1990 to 1995                                           25        18.5         0          0.0       80        38.1        0    .                 4        1.9
1996 to March 2000                                      4         3.0         0          0.0      115        54.8        0    .               195       92.9

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                     215       100.0        30     100.0         240       100.0        0    .               210      100.0
In labor force                                         75        34.9         0          0.0      110        45.8        0    .               160       76.2
  Civilian                                             75        34.9         0          0.0      110        45.8        0    .               160       76.2
     Employed                                          70        32.6         0          0.0      110        45.8        0    .               160       76.2
     Unemployed                                         4         1.9         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                 5.3        (X)         .          (X)       0.0        (X)        .          (X)       0.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                       0         0.0         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
Not in labor force                                    140        65.1        30     100.0         130        54.2        0    .                50       23.8
                                                                                                                                                                 Page 14 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                         Onondaga

                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                   LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                  Scandinavian
                                                                   Polish              Portuguese              Russian             languages            Serbo-Croatian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent    Number     Percent      Number    Percent    Number   Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         70       100.0         0     .              110       100.0        0    .               160      100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                   4         5.7         0     .                0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
Service occupations                                                 4         5.7         0     .                4         3.6        0    .                 0        0.0
Sales and office occupations                                       15        21.4         0     .               10         9.1        0    .                 0        0.0
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              10        14.3         0     .                0         0.0        0    .                15        9.4
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0         0     .                0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        40        57.1         0     .               95        86.4        0    .               140       87.5

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                     130       100.0        25         100.0      160       100.0        0    .                90      100.0
With public assistance income                                       0         0.0         0           0.0       15         9.4        0    .                25       27.8
No public assistance income                                       130       100.0        25         100.0      145        90.6        0    .                65       72.2


Median household income (dollars)                               23,523        (X)     14,821          (X)    15,125        (X)        0          (X)    31,295        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             60,156        (X)      2,499          (X)    45,750        (X)        0          (X)    40,000        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           26,071        (X)      2,499          (X)    16,094        (X)        0          (X)    20,625        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       75       100.0        10         100.0      100       100.0        0    .                85      100.0
Below poverty level                                                 0         0.0         0           0.0       25        25.0        0    .                20       23.5
At or above poverty level                                          75       100.0        10         100.0       75        75.0        0    .                65       76.5

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                    130       100.0        25         100.0      160       100.0        0    .                90      100.0
Linguistically isolated                                           100        76.9        20          80.0      135        84.4        0    .                35       38.9
Not linguistically isolated                                        30        23.1         4          16.0       25        15.6        0    .                55       61.1
                                                                                                                                                   Page 15 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                       36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         New York                          Onondaga

                                                                                   Language Spoken at Home
                                                                        LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                   Spanish or Spanish
                                                         Creole                Tagalog                Thai                Urdu              Vietnamese
                       Subject                      Number       Percent    Number   Percent     Number    Percent    Number   Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 1,870      100.0         4       100.0       50      100.0         4     100.0       745       100.0
18 years and over                                       1,225       65.5         4       100.0       50      100.0         4     100.0       660        88.6
65 years and over                                          75         4.0        4       100.0        0         0.0        4     100.0        50         6.7

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        1,225      100.0         4       100.0       50      100.0         4     100.0       660       100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      315        25.7         4       100.0        4         8.0        4     100.0       250        37.9
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      300        24.5         0         0.0       15       30.0         0        0.0      220        33.3
High school graduate or equivalent                       245        20.0         0         0.0       10       20.0         0        0.0       90        13.6
Some college, no degree                                  150        12.2         0         0.0       15       30.0         0        0.0       35         5.3
Associate degree                                           35         2.9        0         0.0        0         0.0        0        0.0       15         2.3
Bachelor's degree                                        105          8.6        0         0.0        0         0.0        0        0.0        4         0.6
Graduate or professional degree                            70         5.7        0         0.0        4         8.0        0        0.0       45         6.8

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over             305       100.0         4       100.0       50      100.0         4     100.0       650       100.0
Entered before 1990                                      135        44.3         0         0.0       25       50.0         4     100.0        80        12.3
1990 to 1995                                               45       14.8         4       100.0        0         0.0        0        0.0      320        49.2
1996 to March 2000                                       125        41.0         0         0.0       25       50.0         0        0.0      250        38.5

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       1,225      100.0         4       100.0       50      100.0         4     100.0       660       100.0
In labor force                                           680        55.5         0         0.0       40       80.0         0        0.0      425        64.4
  Civilian                                               680        55.5         0         0.0       40       80.0         0        0.0      425        64.4
     Employed                                            510        41.6         0         0.0       30       60.0         0        0.0      420        63.6
     Unemployed                                          165        13.5         0         0.0       10       20.0         0        0.0        4         0.6
       Percent of civilian labor force                   24.3         (X)        .         (X)      25.0        (X)        .        (X)       0.9        (X)
  In armed forces                                            0        0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0        0        0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                       545        44.5         4       100.0       15       30.0         4     100.0       235        35.6
                                                                                                                                                                Page 16 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    36185 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    New York                           Onondaga

                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                   LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                              Spanish or Spanish
                                                                    Creole                Tagalog                Thai                 Urdu               Vietnamese
                           Subject                             Number       Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                          510       100.0         0     .             30      100.0         0      .            420       100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                   130        25.5         0     .             10       33.3         0      .             40         9.5
Service occupations                                                 140        27.5         0     .              0         0.0        0      .             20         4.8
Sales and office occupations                                          90       17.7         0     .              4       13.3         0      .             40         9.5
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                 30         5.9        0     .              0         0.0        0      .             20         4.8
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                              4        0.8        0     .              0         0.0        0      .             10         2.4
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         115        22.6         0     .             15       50.0         0      .            290        69.1

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                       650       100.0         0     .             20      100.0         0      .            245       100.0
With public assistance income                                       155        23.9         0     .              0         0.0        0      .             35        14.3
No public assistance income                                         495        76.2         0     .             20      100.0         0      .            210        85.7


Median household income (dollars)                                 15,952         (X)        0         (X)     4,999        (X)        0          (X)    33,438        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                               20,156         (X)     2,499        (X)     2,499        (X)     2,499         (X)    25,884        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                             22,865         (X)     2,499        (X)    13,750        (X)     2,499         (X)    16,111        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                        430       100.0         0     .             15      100.0         0      .            225       100.0
Below poverty level                                                 195        45.4         0     .             15      100.0         0      .             40        17.8
At or above poverty level                                           235        54.7         0     .              0         0.0        0      .            190        84.4

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                      650       100.0         0     .             20      100.0         0      .            245       100.0
Linguistically isolated                                             430        66.2         0     .             10       50.0         0      .            225        91.8
Not linguistically isolated                                         220        33.9         0     .             10       50.0         0      .             20         8.2
                                                                       Page 17 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:

                                                     Language
                                                     LEP Only


                                                      Yiddish
                       Subject                     Number   Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 0    .
18 years and over                                       0    .
65 years and over                                       0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        0    .
Less than 9th grade                                     0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                      0    .
Some college, no degree                                 0    .
Associate degree                                        0    .
Bachelor's degree                                       0    .
Graduate or professional degree                         0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            0    .
Entered before 1990                                     0    .
1990 to 1995                                            0    .
1996 to March 2000                                      0    .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       0    .
In labor force                                          0    .
  Civilian                                              0    .
     Employed                                           0    .
     Unemployed                                         0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                  .        (X)
  In armed forces                                       0    .
Not in labor force                                      0    .
                                                                                  Page 18 of 31
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:

                                                                Language
                                                                LEP Only


                                                                 Yiddish
                           Subject                            Number   Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         0    .
Management, professional, and related occupations                  0    .
Service occupations                                                0    .
Sales and office occupations                                       0    .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              0    .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                         0    .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        0    .

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      0    .
With public assistance income                                      0    .
No public assistance income                                        0    .


Median household income (dollars)                                  0        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                0        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                              0        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       0    .
Below poverty level                                                0    .
At or above poverty level                                          0    .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     0    .
Linguistically isolated                                            0    .
Not linguistically isolated                                        0    .
The LEP Special Tabulation
 of Census 2000 Data on Limited English Proficient Adults


Explanation of Terms used in the Tabulations
Excerpted from:
Demographic Profile:2000
2000 Census of Population and Housing
Technical Documentation
Issued May 2002    http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/ProfilesTD.pdf

Ability to speak English. For people who speak a language other than English at home, the
response represents the person’s own perception of his or her ability to speak English, from
"very well" to "not at all." Because census questionnaires are usually completed by one household
member, the responses may represent the perception of another household member. (For more
information, see "Language spoken at home." )

Age. The age classification is based on the age of the person in complete years as of April 1,
2000. The age of the person usually was derived from their date of birth information. Their
reported age was used only when date of birth information was unavailable.

Earnings. Earnings is defined as the sum of wage and salary income and net income from self-
employment. Earnings represent the amount of income received regularly before deductions for
personal income taxes, social security, bond purchases, union dues, medicare deductions, etc.

Educational attainment. Educational attainment is the highest degree or level of school com-
pleted. The category "Associate degree" includes people whose highest degree is an associate
degree, which generally requires two years of college level work and is either in an occupational
program that prepares them for a specific occupation, or an academic program primarily in the
arts and sciences. The course work may or may not be transferable to a bachelor's degree. Master's
degrees include the traditional MA and MS degrees and field-specific degrees, such as MSW,
MEd, MBA, MLS, and MEng. Some examples of professional degrees include medicine, dentistry,
chiropractic, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, law, and
theology. Vocational and technical training, such as that in barber school; business, trade,
technical, and vocational schools; or other training for a specific trade are specifically excluded.

Employed. All civilians 16 years old and over who are either (1) "at work" -those who did any
work at all during the reference week as paid employees, worked in their own business or
profession, worked on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a family
farm or in a family business or (2)are "with a job, but not at work" -those who did not work during the
reference week, but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent. Excluded
from the employed are people whose only activity consisted of work around their own house
(painting, repairing, or own home housework)or unpaid volunteer work for religious, charitable,
and similar organizations. Also excluded are people on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. The
reference week is the full calendar week preceding the date on which the respondent completed
the questionnaire or was interviewed by enumerators. (For more information, see "Labor force"
and "Unemployed." )

Family household (family). A family includes a householder and one or more people living in
the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All
people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her
family. A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people
are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations. Thus, the number of
family households is equal to the number of families, but family households may include more
members than do families. A household can contain only one family for purposes of census
tabulations. Not all households contain families since a household may comprise a group of
unrelated people or one person living alone.




LEP Special Tabulation                             Glossary                                               19
Foreign born. The foreign-born population includes all people who are not U. S. citizens at
birth. (For more information, see "Native" and "Born at sea." )

Full-time, year-round workers. This category consists of people 16 years old and over who
usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in 1999.

Household. A household includes all of the people who occupy a housing unit. People not living
in households are classified as living in group quarters.

Income in 1999. Information on money income received in calendar year 1999 was requested
from individuals 15 years and over. "Total income" is the sum of the amounts reported separately
for wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or
royalty income; social security or railroad retirement income; supplemental security income (SSI);
public assistance or welfare payments; retirement or disability income; and all other income.
Receipts from the following sources are not included as income: money received from the sale of
property (unless the recipient was engaged in the business of selling such property); capital gains;
the value of income "in kind" from food stamps, public housing subsidies, medical care, employer
contributions for individuals, etc.; withdrawal of bank deposits; money borrowed; tax refunds;
exchange of money between relatives living in the same household; and gifts and lump-sum
inheritances, insurance payments, and other types of lump-sum receipts.

Although the income statistics cover calendar year 1999, the characteristics of individuals and the
composition of households/families refer to the time of enumeration. Thus, the income of the
household or family does not include amounts received by individuals who were members of the
household/family during all or part of the calendar year 1999 if these individuals no longer
resided with the household/family at the time of enumeration. Similarly, income amounts reported
by individuals who did not reside with the household/family during 1999 but who were members
of the household/family at the time of enumeration are included. However, the composition of
most households/families was the same during 1999 as at the time of enumeration.

Income of households. Includes the income of the householder and all other individuals
15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not.
Because many households consist of only one person, average household income is usually less
than average family income.

Linguistic Isolation. A household in which no person age 14 years or over speaks only English and no
person age 14 years or over who speaks a language other than English speaks English "Very well" is
classified as "linguistically isolated." All the members of a linguistically isolated household are tabulated
as linguistically isolated, including members under age 14 years who may speak only English.

Public assistance income. Public assistance income includes general assistance and temporary
assistance to needy families (TANF). Separate payments received for hospital or other medical care
 (vendor payments) are excluded. This does not include supplemental security income
(SSI).

Labor force. The labor force includes all people classified in the civilian labor force (that is,
 "employed" and "unemployed" people) plus members of the U.S. Armed Forces (people on active
duty in the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard). (For more information, see
 "Employed" and "Unemployed." )

Language spoken at home. The population who speaks a language other than English
includes only those who sometimes or always speak a language other than English at home. It
does not include those who speak a language other than English only at school or work, or those
who were limited to only a few expressions or slang of the other language. Most people who
speak another language at home also speak English. (For more information, see "Ability to speak
English." )

Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers. The median divides the earnings
distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median and one-half above
the median. Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers is based on individuals 16 years




LEP Special Tabulation                               Glossary                                                   20
and over with earnings who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in
1999. This measure is rounded to the nearest dollar. (For more information, see "Earnings." )

Median income. The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of
the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. For households and
families, the median income is based on the distribution of the total number of households or
families including those with no income. The median for individuals is based on individuals
15 years and over with income. This measure is rounded to the nearest whole dollar.

Occupation. Occupation describes the kind of work the person does on the job. For employed
people, the data refer to the person's job during the reference week. For those who worked at two
or more jobs, the data refer to the job at which the person worked the greatest number of hours
during the reference week. Some examples of occupational groups shown in this product include
service, sales, and farming.

Poverty status in 1999. Poverty is measured by using 48 thresholds that vary by family size
and number of children within the family and age of the householder. To determine whether a
person is poor, one compares the total income of that person's family with the threshold appropriate
for that family. If the total family income is less than the threshold, then the person is considered
poor, together with every member of his or her family.
Not every person is included in the poverty universe: institutionalized people, people in military
group quarters, people living in college dormitories, and unrelated individuals under 15 years old
are considered neither as "poor" nor as "nonpoor," and are excluded from both the numerator and
the denominator when calculating poverty rates.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) mandates that all federal agencies (including
the Census Bureau) use this poverty definition for statistical purposes (OMB Statistical Policy
Directive 14, May 1978).

Residence in 1995. Residence in 1995 indicates an individual's area of residence on April 1,
1995

Unemployed. Civilians 16 years old and over are classified as unemployed if they (1) were
 neither "at work" nor "with a job but not at work" during the reference week, (2)were looking for
work during the last four weeks, and (3)were available to start a job. Also included as unemployed
are civilians 16 years old and over who did not work at all during the reference week, were
on temporary layoff from a job, expected to be recalled to work within the next 6 months, or had
been given a date to return to work, and were available for work during the reference week. (For
more information, see "Employed" and "Labor force." )

Workers. Workers 16 years and over are members of the Armed Forces and civilians who were
at work during the reference week.

Year of entry. The year in which a person born outside the United States came to live in the
United States.

FOR MORE INFORMATION
The Demographic Profile data also are available through the American FactFinder®, which can be
accessed from the Census Bureau's Internet site at www.census.gov. Full documentation for the
source data in the LEP tables can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical
documentation, available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf and on the LEP
Data Disk CD.




LEP Special Tabulation                              Glossary                                            21

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Jobs 90025 Work at Home Part Time document sample