Metal Joining

					               Metal Joining
• Metal joints can be temporary or permanent.
• Temporary joints include nuts and bolts
  magnetic catches and compressions joints as
  in wheel bearings.
• Permanent joints include riveting, soldering,
  welding and adhesives.
             Mechanical Joining.
• This refers to joining materials using nuts, bolts and rivets.
• There are four different thread types or forms.
                  Mechanical Joining
•   The different parts of the isometric thread can be seen below.




    When looking at working drawings the size of the thread to be used will be given
    as M5 or M6. The M. stands for metric meaning every dimension is in millimeters.
    The number gives the actual size of the finished thread .or the outside diameter.
Mechanical Joining
      Bolts
Mechanical Joining
      Nuts
                   Mechanical Joining
                   Internal threading
• Holes can have threads cut into them allowing parts to be
  joined together, this is called tapping.

• There are three types of tap:
• Taper Tap
• This is used to start of the threads in the hole or to thread thin
  sheets. The first 5-6 threads are tapered making it easy to start
  the tap.
• Second tap
• This is used after the taper tap and is used to finish of the
  threads in deeper holes.
• Plug tap
• This tap has threads all the way down and is used to thread
  blind holes.
• When threading a hole it must be drilled smaller than the tap to
  be used. When drilling you should refer to the chart next to the
  drilling machine
Mechanical Joining.
   Tap and wrench.
                   Mechanical Joining
                   External threading
• Bars or shafts can have threads cut into them using split dies.

• Here the die is placed in a stock. The top of the bar is usually
  tapered making it easy to start cutting the threads. When
  starting the thread it is important to start the thread straight so
  as to cut a square thread.

• The split die has writing on one side and this must be face
  down when threading.

• Hard materials such as steel require oil or grease to be used to
  lubricate the cutting process.

• When cutting threads on a bar or shaft the bar must be the
  same size as the split die being used. For example cutting an
  M10 thread requires a diameter 10 bar.
Mechanical Joining
  Split die and stock.
                    Mechanical Joining
                        Riveting
• Rivets can be solid or pop rivets.

• Solid rivets come in four different forms Round or snap,
  countersunk, pan or flat head.

• Solid rivets form a very strong joint and were commonly used
  in producing gates, ships and bridge panels.

• Pop rivets are much more common now. They are used in the
  manufacture of aero planes and are a very quick way to join
  materials.
          Mechanical Joining.
              Riveting




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