Anne Arundel County Water Financial Assistance Help

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					           ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY GOVERNMENT OFFICE BUILDING ● 7320 RITCHIE HIGHWAY, SUITE 210 ● GLEN BURNIE, MD 21061●
       (410) 222-6755FAX (410) 222-6747 ● TIP-A-PHONE (410) 761-8911 ● TTY (410) 787-1174 ● SOUTH COUNTY (301) 970-8250 EXT. 6755-6759
             PRINCE GEORGES COUNTY OFFICE • 6707 GROVETON DRIVE • CLINTON, MD 20735 • 301 868-8781 • FAX 301 599-6714



Dave’s Ramble                                                                                                                    Fall 2008
   She began to jeer and then laugh as the                                      Well my friends, you have never experienced rain
farmer approached the cattle gate and his hair stood                         until you head north into a squaw on an exposed farm
on end like a whiskered basketball. The laughing                             tractor coupled to a baler trailing the last wagon load
ceased when she felt her own hair stream straight                            of alfalfa, throttled all the way.
into the air as if the hand of God was grabbing. The                           The farmer pulled the rig out of the weather and
farmer yelled, “Run from the fence!” It was one of                          made haste to the machine shop. Where was everyone?
those electrically intense mornings--warm, muggy,                           “Home under the bed!” he muttered to himself.
with rumblings of thunder and a pressing cold front.
Even the cattle were edgy, huddled                                                           Calendar of Events
away from the fence under a tree                                                    Mark Your Calendars --- Plan To Participate
with their heads low; normally the                                            September 18 - Appalachia Strawberry Field Day - Gorman
heifers would have rushed the feed                                            September 18 – Anne Arundel Pasture Walk - Lothian
truck by now. “Crouch down low!”                                              September 23 & 25 - Pumpkin & Sweet Corn Twilights REC
cautioned the farmer, “Lightening is                                          September 23 – Manure Application Field Day–Carroll Co.
about to strike!” Pay attention!                                              September 25 – Sustainable Nursery Production–Frederick
Farmers understand lightening.                                                October 14 – National Tractor Safety Program–College Pk
                                                                              November 8 – MD/DE Annual Horse Conference -
   Hoping for a photo finish, the farmers are
                                                                              November 18-20 – Crop Mgmt. School - Ocean City
scrambling as hay wagons hustle from the baler to                             December 4 – Southern MD Crop Conference - Waldorf
the barn and the sky darkens in the northwest; the                            December 22 – Crops IPM Workshop NM/PAT - DFRC
barometer has been falling all day. The farmer                                January 6 - Southern MD Forage Conference - Waldorf
baling on the open tractor is beginning to feel a little                      January 12 - Pesticide Certification Training - DFRC
uneasy as lightening begins to streak earthward. He                           January 26 - Pesticide Certification Exam – DFRC
gazes up at the umbrella over his head and it kind of                         February 11 - So. MD Vegetable & Fruit Meeting - Loveville
reminds him of a waffle iron with an inviting metal                           March 16- Pasture & Field Crop Workshop NM/PAT- DFRC
spike pointed skyward. Normally, this farmer would                            March 27 – On-Line Pesticide Applicator Recertification
                                                                              March 30 – Advanced Herbicide Workshop –Glen Burnie
be under the bed safe at home by now; he is not
                                                                              April 3 – On-Line Nutrient Voucher Recertification
particularly fond of lightening. Ah! But the cool
breeze is sure beginning to feel nice. “Just a few                                               Inside This Issue
more windrows of perfect alfalfa hay!” he exclaimed,
as another farmer just jockeyed the last full wagon                                         Fall & Winter Meetings
load of hay from the field and another was                                                  CMREC Research Highlights
beginning to spread fertilizer. As all of the farmers                                       Vegetable & Agronomic IPM Updates
past each other they exchanged grins. Who was                                               Pest Net
going to get the wettest this time?                                                         Fungicide Use in Corn & Soybean
                                                                                            Preharvest Disease Management
    Now pressing the machinery to its limits,
                                                                                            Grape Harvest Ripeness
raindrops start falling as the farmer turns to take up                                      MD Soybean Rust Risk Assessment
the final windrow of hay. He is heading south on this                                       National Crop Insurance
final run as a streak of lightening sizzles to earth                                        Grain Market Highlights
ahead of him, so close you can smell the ozone and                                          SARE Farmer Grants
witness the fiery vapor trail. The fertilizer buggy                                         Environmental Horticulture
makes its final pass turns and throttles towards the                                        Equine Studies Update
farm shop. Now feeling abandoned the farmer                                                 Phoenix Services AGSlag
gobbles up the last of the windrow, kicks the baler                                         Nutrient Management Update
                                                                                            New Website Features
out of gear, straightens the baler tongue and begins
the mile stretch toward the tractor shed.


               It is the policy of the University of Maryland, Agricultural Experiment Station and Maryland Cooperative
                   Extension, that no person shall be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of race, color, gender,
                          religion, national origin, sexual orientation, age, marital or parental status, or disability.
        FALL & WINTER MEETINGS
         Mark your calendars now and plan to be
          a part of the fall and winter meetings.




    Appalachia Strawberry Field Day
                September 18, 2008, 5 pm
    Join us for an evening field day that will feature
research being conducted for a three year Northeast SARE
Research and Education Grant entitled “An Integrated
Approach to Developing a Day-Neutral Strawberry                               Anne Arundel Pasture Walk
Production Industry”. Research conducted through the                                  Burrages End Stables
grant has focused on propagation and production of                                  5635 Old Ridge Path Lane
day neutral strawberries in an annual system. The system                             Lothian, Maryland 20711
is designed to produce fruit during the summer months                              September 18, 2008, 1 – 4 pm
when local fruit is typically not available. The production
system is a great fit for the Appalachian Mountains as              Are Your Pastures Hot, Erosive, Colicky, with
strawberries require cool summer temperatures. The goal
of the project is to develop a system of propagating,               Nutrients moving to the Waters’ of The Bay?
growing and marketing high quality fruit throughout the                                   Or
summer months.
 Topics:
                                                                    Cool, Nutrient Retentive and Covered in Safer
      Variety Trial – Participants will be able to a                            Grasses for horses?
         variety trial with 13 different day neutral                    Come see the beginning of a new way to manage summer
         varieties.                                                 pastures and loafing lots that is horse and Bay friendly. The
      Plastic Mulch Colors for Day Neutral                         pasture walk will be at Burrages End Stables managed by
         Strawberries                                               Carol Jahnigen. Working with various agencies, Carol has
      Post Planting Flower Removal                                 implemented several practices to improve water quality and
      Spring versus Fall Planting of Day Neutral                   the management of her horse farm. These practices will be
         Strawberries                                               highlighted in addition to where you can get technical and
      Production on 2nd Year Plantings                             financial assistance to implement them on your farm.
      Fertilization of Day Neutral Strawberries                        This summer an improved Bermuda grass seed, Mohawk,
      High Tunnel Production with June Bearing                     was planted in Carol Jahnigen‟s sacrifice area. In the
         Plants                                                     summer the grass will provide good protective cover and will
Speakers:                                                           actively utilize nutrients present from manure and urine in the
         Dr. Harry Swartz, Associate Professor –                    feeding area. Bermuda grass, once completely established, is
         Horticulture, University of Maryland                       a long lived perennial that should need little reseeding once it
         Kathy Demchak, Sr Extension Associate –                    reaches maturity. Properly managed Bermuda grass, a C-4
         Horticulture, Penn State University                        warm season grass, will provide high quality forage that is
         Dr. Lewis Jett, Extension Specialist –                     good for horses and grows in the summer when few other
         Horticulture, West Virginia University                     things do. Manure nutrients can easily move off site during
         Willie Lantz, Extension Educator, Maryland                 summer months. With a perennial grass present, nutrient
         Cooperative Extension                                      capture will occur and a much needed forage will be
         Sherry Frick, Extension Program Assistant,                 produced. Landowners can over seed with rye or ryegrass in
         Maryland Cooperative Extension                             the fall to create a year round grazing pasture.
 Location:                                                              Assistance is provided by Anne Arundel Soil Conservation
    The field day will be held at the newly established farm        District, Maryland Department of Agricultural, Maryland
of Dr. Harry Swartz. The farm is located south of Oakland           Cooperative Extension and the USDA Natural Resources
along Rt. 560 and the address is 4771 Gorman Road,                  Conservation Service.
Oakland, MD 21550.                                                     Come see a well managed horse farm and a new way to manage a
Registration:                                                       sacrifice or summer pasture. To sign-up or for more details
    The cost of the field day is free and includes a barbeque       contact Suzi Whilden at the Anne Arundel SCD at 410-571-6757.
meal afterwards. If you are planning on attending
please call the extension office to register at 301-
334-6960.

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           1st Pumpkin & Sweet Corn Twilight                          Expected benefits of effectively managing manure
                    WMREC, Keedysville, MD                             nitrogen
                                                                       If you apply manure you can’t afford to miss this
                      September 23, 2008
                                                                                   educational opportunity.
  WMREC Pumpkin & Sweet Corn Twilight Meeting
                                                                                Free Lunch for program attendees 
  Join us September 23, 2008 for an exciting twilight
                                                                   The field day will provide four (4) continuing education credits
meeting! University of Maryland experts will present results
                                                                   from the Maryland Nutrient Management Program
of the pumpkin research project at Keedysville to current
                                                                   For reservations or more information call 301-694-
growers, as well as those interested in starting their own
                                                                   9290 ext. 130 by Sept. 18.
pumpkin patch. You‟ll see 30 varieties of pumpkins; no-till
                                                                        Sponsored by: Maryland Cooperative Extension, USDA
on vetch; and information will also be presented for the Bt
                                                                     Agricultural Research Service, and the Maryland Department
sweet corn research project.
                                                                     of Agriculture, with grant funding from the Chesapeake Bay
Time: 4:30 PM - 7:00 PM
                                                                                                  Trust
Location: Western MD Research & Education Center,
18330 Keedysville Rd., Keedysville, MD 21756
Contact: Bryan Butler 410-386-2760
                                                                                                       Come and Learn:
             nd
           2 Pumpkin & Sweet Corn Twilight
                                                                                                          What information a
                   WYEREC, Queenstown, MD                                                                  sensor network can
                      September 25, 2008                                                                   give you for irrigation
WYEREC Pumpkin Twilight Meeting                                                                            and growth
  Join us September 25, 2008 for an exciting twilight                                                      management?
meeting! University of Maryland experts will present results
of the pumpkin research project at the Wye Research and                                                   New techniques for
Education Center to current growers, as well as those                                                      controlling potato
interested in starting their own pumpkin patch. You‟ll see                                                 leafhopper.
30 varieties of pumpkins; no-till on vetch; and information
will also be presented for the Bt sweet corn research                                                     Some tricks for single-
project. A light fare will be available.                                                                   pass weed control?
Time: 4:30 p.m. - 7:00 p.m.
Location: Wye Research & Education Center, 124                                                            How to use cover
Wye Narrows Rd., Queenstown, MD 21658                                                                      crops for pest
Contact: Bryan Butler 410-386-2760 or Mike Newell                                                          management and
410-827-7388.                                                                                              improving soil quality?

 Manure Land Application Field Day at the                                                                 About a 2-year study
   Sellers Farm in Carroll County, MD                                                                      at Waverly Farm
       September 23, 2008, 10:00 AM - 2:00 PM                                                              Nursery on nitrogen
                                                                                                           fertilization of nursery
Manure land application strategies for improving nitrogen                                                  trees?
use and uptake.
“Learn how to fight record-high fertilizer prices
through effective management of manure nitrogen”
See the latest in minimum disturbance manure                       The program for the day will include:
injection equipment                                                10:00 – 10:15 AM - Welcome by Dean Cheng-i Wei.
            Dietrich No-till injectors                            10:15 – 11:30 AM - Tour of Raemelton Farm by Steve
                                                                                       Black, owner of Raemelton Farm
            Dragline with AerWay
                                                                   11:30 – 12:00 PM - Wireless Sensor Networks for
            Turbo-till                                                    Improved Irrigation Monitoring in the Nursery –
            Yetter                                                        Some Interesting Revelations! By John Lea-Cox,
Watch cover crop grain seeded with a no-till drill                         Andrew Ristvey and Steve Black
directly behind the manure application                             12:00 – 1:00 PM Lunch & Refreshments
 Perform in-field ammonia loss measurements                       1:00 – 1:20 PM - Nitrogen Fertilization of Field-Grown
 Manure spreader calibration using portable truck                         Evergreen Nursery Stock Jerry Faulring (Owner,
    scales                                                                 Waverly Farm), Stanton Gill and Chuck Schuster
 Demonstration of the PSNT process                                1:20 – 1:30 PM - Future Field Research with Input from
                                                                           Growers Chuck Schuster – survey of industry
 Rye cover crops for dairy farms
                                                                           practices.
 Alternative nutrient sources                                             Walk to Field Stations

                                                               3
1:30 – 3:00 PM - Field Stations – (20 min. each station)             Instructor Manual with the guidelines and procedures for
        Brief Presentations on projects Questions on                 conducting the youth training. This manual will be covered
        the benefits to the nursery industry                         during the day of instruction. Also, a copy of the Student
1. Effective Management of Potato Leafhopper –                       Manual is included; it contains the Task Sheets and Driving
   Stanton Gill, Suzanne Klick & Shannon Wadkins                     Skills Guidelines/Exam used in the youth training program.
2. Using Cover Crops for Sustainable Pest                            There may be select other handouts. Lunch will be included.
  Management and Improving Soil Quality – Paula                      Be prepared for the weather as we do the Driving Exam
  Shrewsbury, Ray Weil, Stanton Gill & Chuck Schuster                outdoors in the afternoon.       Deadline to register is
3. Practical Considerations for Deploying Wireless                   September 29. Contact David S. Ross, dsross@umd.edu,
  Networks for Irrigation in Field Production –                      Phone 301-405-1188, FAX 301-314-9023
  John Lea-Cox, Andrew Ristvey & Steve Black                             Federal law dating back to 1938 identified hazardous
                                                                     occupations where workers had to be age 18 or older to be
Registration is Free! But limited to the first 50 registrants.
                                                                     employed. In 1968 the laws were amended to include the
To register, contact Debby Dant @ 410-827-8056 X115 or
                                                                     Hazardous Order for Agriculture which established age 16 or
ddant@umd.edu by SEPTEMBER 19th
For additional program information, please contact John              14 years with special training for employment in Agriculture.
Lea-Cox @ 301-405-4323 or JLC@umd.edu                                Further details can be found on the website
                                                                     http://nstmop.psu.edu. Youths age 14 and 15 are required to
                                                                     be trained and certified to work on a non-parent farm. In
                                                                     2001, a new training development program was funded which
                                                                     has resulted in the current curriculum.
                                                                     David S. Ross, Professor & Extension Specialist, Agricultural
                                                                     Engineering, 1431 AnSc/AgrEng Bldg.,College Park, MD 20742
   National Safe Tractor and Machinery                               Phone 301-405-1188, FAX 301-314-9023
     Operation Program (NSTMOP)
 Hazardous Occupations Safety Training in
                                                                              University of Maryland/Delaware
          Agriculture (HOSTA)
                                                                                 Annual Horse Conference
          HOSTA Community                                                                  November 8, 2008
     Lead Instructor (CLI) Training                                      The University of Maryland and the University of Delaware
      October 14, 2008, 9 am – 4 pm                                  will host the 4th Annual Horse Conference at Chesapeake
     The new NSTMOP Curriculum includes: a) a series of              College in Wye Mills, MD on Saturday, November 8, 2008.
Task Sheets as the primary curriculum resource; b) rules             Registration will open at 8:00 am and informative equine
and guidelines to promote consistency in teaching with the           presentations will be given throughout the day, from 8:45 am
Task Sheets, conducting evaluations, and for meeting                 until 4:00 pm.
minimum requirements to receive a certificate of training;               Nationally recognized speakers will discuss timely topics on
c) a set of written test questions randomly selected for each        horse health and nutrition, equine business management and
test date; d) guidelines and standards for conducting a              marketing, pasture management, careers in the equine
skills test with a tractor and stationary piece of equipment;        industry and much more! Veterinarians, trainers, horse
and e) guidelines and standards for conducting a driving             breeders, horse owners, and anyone involved in Maryland‟s
test with a tractor and rear-attached machine. Safety                equine industry should not miss this opportunity to increase
professionals selected a set of Minimum Core Content Areas           their knowledge about horses. All attendees will receive
(MCCA) to use. The USDA adopted the program title                    conference proceedings, breakfast, lunch, and the opportunity
HOSTA, thus the two names. A minimum of 24 hours of                  to ask questions of participating experts.   For more
instruction is required for youth certification; this time can       information on this event, please contact Kelly Brannan at
be scheduled in several ways.                                        kbrannan@umd.edu.
     An adult taking this training will be certified as a
Community Lead Instructor (CLI) which qualifies the                  Beginner GPS Training; Use of Terrain
individual to access and use the curriculum to train youth.
In an extension of this federally mandated certification             Navigator Software with GPS
program, the CLI will be able to educate other youths and            For Natural Resource Professionals, Forest Landowners, and
adults in safe operation of tractors and machinery in non-           Recreationalists that may be interested in attending the
certification programs. CLI‟s are high school teachers,              trainings.
Extension educators, 4-H community volunteers and others.            1) BEGINNER GPS COURSE: Hand held GPS receivers are a
David S. Ross is Maryland‟s Master Trainer and several               great resource for landowners, natural resource professionals,
others have received their CLI certification. An                     and other outdoor recreationalists. Current GPS units used in
identification card and number is issued upon completion of          this course are accurate (plus or minus 15 feet) and can be
the training both for CLI‟s and certified youth.                     used for marking hunting locations, structures, streams, your
   The Registration fee of $60 includes a copy of the                vehicle location, as well as for fun activities such as

                                                                 4
geocaching. Professional natural resource managers can              If you have any questions regarding the trainings, please visit
save valuable field time by using GPS with a computer to            our website www.naturalresources.umd.edu/GPS.cfm.
locate inventory plots, access roads, timber sale and
property boundaries, directing customers to sale locations,
and much more.                                                           Mid-Atlantic Crop Management School
The one day training and will cover:                                                   November 18-20, 2008
* GPS receiver basics                                                 The Mid-Atlantic Crop Management School
* Waypoints and Routes                                              will be held at the Princess Royale Hotel in Ocean        City
* Calculating area                                                  on November 18-20, 2008. Individuals
* Finding locations                                                 seeking advanced training in soil and water,
* Basic Mapping                                                     soil fertility, crop production and pest
* Software and hardware                                             management will have an opportunity at
TRAINING LOCATIONS:                                                 hands on, intensive sessions that also provide
Western MD Research & Education                                     continuing education units (CEU‟s) for the Certified Crop
Center, Keedysville, MD (near                                       Advisor (CCA) Program. You may also register on line at:
Hagerstown, MD): October 21 or                                      http://www.psla.umd.edu/extension/crops/home.cfm
October 22
Wye Research & Education Center,
Queenstown, MD (near Easton,                                            Southern Maryland Crops
MD): November 4                                                               Conference
University of MD Eastern Shore,                                                 December 4, 2008
Princess Anne MD: November 18.                                        The Southern Maryland Agents would like                     to
2) USING TERRAIN NAVIGATOR                                          invite everyone to join with our University specialists to have
SOFTWARE WITH GPS: Terrain                                          your questions answered about crop production and pest
Navigator (TN) software provides                                    control at the Southern MD Crops Conference on
USGS topographic maps on CD-ROM and allows you to                   December 4, 2008, 4:00 to 8:30 p.m. at the Isaac
create GPS waypoints, routes and tracks and transfer them           Walton League Conference Center in Waldorf, MD.
to a GPS unit or to download GPS information taken in the
field and then create a individualized computer map of the               Speaker                            Topic
area you are working. This is very useful for natural                    Ron Ritter           Weed Control Update for Field
resource professionals and landowners as well.                                                              Crops
The one day training and will cover:                                    Cerutti Hooks          Field Crops IPM - Early Insect
* Use of Terrain Navigator software                                                                        Scouting
* Waypoints and routes (in office)                                     Bob Kratochvil       Varietal Update for Wheat, Corn &
* GPS receiver review                                                                                     Soybeans
* Case studies                                                           Ron Mulford          Poultry Litter Utilization on Field
* Custom mapping                                                                                            Crops
* Internet Resources                                                      Ben Beale                     Deer Control
A brochure with registration form and additional information          Attendance at this conference will satisfy the requirement for
about the trainings is available on our website:                    the Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification &
www.naturalresources.umd.edu/GPS.cfm.                               Nutrient Management Voucher.
TRAINING LOCATIONS:                                                   Please call the Charles County Extension Office at
Western MD Research & Education Center, Keedysville, MD:            301-934-5403 to register. Make plans now to attend.
October 23;
Wye Research & Education Center, Queenstown, MD:
November 6                                                           Global Crop Sustainability & IPM Workshop
REGISTRATION INFORMATION:                                                            Pesticide Recertification &
* Registration for all trainings begins at 9:00 am and                                 Nutrient Management
   trainings are from 9:30 am to 3:30 pm
* Cost for each training is $55-includes lunch & materials                               Voucher Training
* A Garmin GPSMAP 76Cx unit is provided for use at the                                              December 22, 2008
workshop. If you have the same model please bring it.                                    Make plans to attend the Global Crop
* For information on trainings held at the Western MD                                    Sustainability & IPM Workshop,
Research & Education Center contact Pam Thomas at 301-                                   Monday, December 22, 2008 at the
432-2767 x315, Email pthomas@umd.edu .                              Davidsonville Family Recreation Center (DFRC) from 6:00
For trainings at other locations contact Carol Taylor at 410-       p.m. to 9:00 p.m. This workshop will explore advanced crop
827-8056, Email carolt@umd.edu                                      production practices used around the world focusing on


                                                                5
sustainability, food security and integrated pest                  provide IPM updates and present on a broad range of
management tactics. Topics will include:                           production topics.
Crop selection; integrated crop management; soil fertility;           Also meeting sponsors will showcase their products and
weed control; insect control; and disease control for field        services, and state vegetable organization leaders will be
crops, fruits and vegetables.                                      present to recruit and answer your questions. Please attend
    Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification &                 and make this meeting the best ever. For full conference
Nutrient Management Voucher Recertification will be                details, contact Ben Beale, Extension Agent, St. Mary’s
awarded for full class participation.                              County Extension Office at 410 222-6759.
   To register for this event contact the Anne
Arundel County Extension Office at 410 222-6759.                         Field Crops & Pasture IPM Workshop
                                                                                           March 16, 2009
    Maryland/DelawareForage Council                                    Make plans to attend the Field Crops & Pasture IPM
  Southern MD Hay & Pasture Conference                             Workshop, Monday, March 16, 2009 at the Davidsonville
                      January 6, 2009                              Family Recreation Center (DFRC) from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00
   Make plans to attend the Southern Maryland Hay &                p.m. This workshop will explore advanced concepts of
Forage Conference, tentatively set for January 6, 2009,            pasture and field crop production in the Southern Maryland
at the Isaac Walton League Conference Facility in Waldorf,         region from establishment to harvest, including animal
MD. Topics will be presented covering all aspects of hay           utilization. Topics will include: Crop selection; integrated crop
and pasture production. The programs will address key              management; soil fertility; weed control; insect control; and
issues and concerns facing hay and pasture producers.              disease control for soybeans, corn, wheat, barley and hay
   The conferences also features displays and exhibits by          crops.
numerous agribusinesses. Attendees will be able to obtain              Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification &
information on seed, fertilizer, equipment, fencing, etc.          Nutrient Management Voucher Recertification will be
needed for hay and pasture production and management.              awarded for full class participation.
                                                                      To register for this event contact the Anne Arundel
   More detailed program information on the Southern
                                                                   County Extension Office at 410 222-6759.
Maryland conference will soon be available on the Web at:
http://www.mdforages.umd.edu or through local county
Extension and NRCS/Soil Conservation District offices in
Maryland. Register early to receive a discounted ticket.
Registration at the door will cost you more.

         Become a MD Certified Private
          Pesticide Applicator
    If you have allowed your Private Pesticide
Applicator Certification to expire or are a
new applicant, then you are invited to attend
the Private Pesticide Applicator Certification
Training and Examination. It‟s a two step process:
Step 1: A Private Applicator Certification
Training will be conducted at the Davidsonville Family
Recreation Center (DFRC) from 6:00 to 8:00 p.m. on                              New Live On-Line Session
January 12, 2009.                                                    Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification
Step 2: A Private Pesticide Applicator Exam will be                                        March 27, 2009
given at the Davidsonville Family and Recreation Center
                                                                        If you would like the opportunity to learn from home, yet
(DFRC) from 6:00 to 8:00 p.m. on January 26, 2009.
                                                                   still be engaged, then be sure to enroll in this New On-Line
                                                                   Private Pesticide Recertification Training, scheduled for
                   Southern Maryland Vegetable                     March 27, 2009 from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
                    & Fruit Production Meeting                        The session will focus on pesticide use and related topics for
                          February 11, 2009                        all field crops, fruits and vegetables. This Adobe Connect
    Make plans to attend the Southern Maryland                     recertification session will be live via the internet directly from
Vegetable and Fruit Production Meeting on                          the University of Maryland. Adobe Connect is a student
Wednesday, February 11, 2009. This year the meeting                interactive system that will document your attendance. To
will be held in St. Mary‟s County. This meeting will provide       participate in a live Adobe Connect session a high speed cable
Private Applicator Recertification & Nutrient                      or satellite internet connection is required.
Management Voucher Recertification. Speakers will                      Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification credit
                                                                   will be awarded for full 2-hour session participation.
                                                               6
Registration by March 25th is required in order to                       To register for this workshop or for more information
receive Adobe Connect login instructions.                             contact Dave Myers at the Anne Arundel County Extension
   To register for this on-line event contact the Anne                Office, 410 222-6759.
Arundel County Extension Office at 410 222-6759.

            New Live On-Line Session
         Nutrient Management Voucher
                 Recertification
                        April 3, 2009
    If you would like the opportunity to learn from home,
yet still be engaged, then be sure to enroll in the New On-
Line Nutrient Management Voucher Recertification
Training, scheduled for April 3, 2009 from 4:00 to
6:00 p.m. This session will focus on fertility and production
related topics for all field crops, fruits and vegetables. This
Adobe Connect recertification session will be live via the
internet directly from the University of Maryland. Adobe
Connect is a student interactive system that will document
your attendance. To participate in a live Adobe Connect
session a high speed cable or satellite internet connection is
required.
                                                                      Research Highlights Presented at the CMREC
  Nutrient Management Voucher Recertification                         Upper Marlboro Crops Twilight Held on August
credit will be awarded for full 2-hour session participation.                                  7, 2008
Registration by April 1st is required in order to receive                               High Tunnel Chili-Mix
Adobe Connect login instructions.                                      R. David Myers, Brian Clark, Mark Spicknall, Alfred Hawkins
  To register for this on-line event contact the Anne
Arundel County Extension Office at 410 222-6759.                          A market garden may be substantially augmented by
                                                                      utilizing season technologies. Plasticulture systems that utilize
   Advanced Agronomics Workshops:                                     early spring and late fall in-field high tunnels can significantly
                                                                      expand the market window and produce premium quality
       I. Herbicide Technology                                        products. Growers in Southern Maryland have adopted these
                      March 30, 2009                                  techniques readily and should be encouraged to always
    Every year offers a different challenge to the                    consider adding new vegetable, herb and floral varieties.
effectiveness of herbicides for controlling weeds in our field
crops, vegetables and fruits. In order to better
understand herbicide successes and failures we need to
have a working knowledge of herbicide chemistry,
environmental interaction and mode of action.
    Make plans to attend the first of a series of
Advanced Agronomic Workshops: I. Herbicide
Technology scheduled for March 30, 2009 from
6:00-9:00 p.m. at the Anne Arundel County
Extension office in Glen Burnie, MD.
    This workshop is intended for farmers and crop
professionals, taught at the college level, therefore, a
familiarity with herbicides and their application is a
prerequisite. Participants in this workshop will discover
the importance of knowing herbicide chemical families;
persistence of herbicides and interaction in the soil
environment; and herbicide mechanism of weed control.
We will use crop, soil and weather scenarios to
understand and predict the effectiveness of herbicide
applications. During our discussions we will reveal
important herbicide soil and plant behaviors such as:
mobility; water solubility; translocation; plant
metabolism; mechanism of action; symptomology; soil
half-life; environmental degradation; and vapor potential.

                                                                  7
Using a Special Cover Crop to Support                                organic fertility practices.
                                                                          For sunn hemp (SH) treatment plots, SH will be grown for
 the Production Needs of Maryland’s                                  ~ 2 months. Afterwards, SH plots will be mowed and alternate
 Sustainable Agriculture and Organic                                 SH rows will be strip-tilled (green manure) to create rows for
                                                                     the vegetable crop. The remaining mowed sunn hemp will be
         Vegetable Industry                                          left on the soil surface as organic mulch. One week later, the
            Cerruti Hooks, Crops IPM Specialist                      first vegetable crop will be planted into the tilled-strips.
                     University of MD                                Neighboring SH rows will be allowed to re-grow as
                                                                     intercropped living mulch. Summer squash will be used as the
   Sunn hemp (Crotolaria juncea) is a tropical legume that           first crop, and after that cropping cycle is complete, broccoli
has often been investigated as a green manure. Sunn hemp             will be planted in the same field to mimic a double cropping
is well known for its ability to produce high amounts of             practice. For the SH treatment, SH rows that remained during
biomass and symbiotic N in a short period of time, and add           the initial cycle will be mowed and strip-tilled, and the second
C to the soil. Thus, sunn hemp is used primarily to increase         crop (broccoli) will be planted into the newly tilled strips. For
soil organic matter and nutrients. Additionally, when                the BG treatment, the second crop will be planted into the
incorporated into the soil, it releases compounds that are           same rows as the previous crop to duplicate a double cropping
toxic to several plant parasitic nematodes. The sunn hemp            practice. Attached is an illustration of the double cropping
cultivar „Tropic Sunn‟ was jointly released by USDA-NRCS             protocol.
and the University of Hawaii at Manoa Institute of Tropical
Agriculture and Human Resources in 1983. This sunn hemp
cultivar has received great interest since its release because                     Upper Marlboro CMREC
of its green manure „super powers‟ and nematicidal                                 Fruit Research Plantings
properties. It has also been suggested that sunn hemp
„Tropic Sunn‟ may serve as a forage crop for cattle in
                                                                               2008 Disease and Pest Summary
                                                                                           Anne DeMarsay,
southern temperate regions. Researchers have further
                                                                                 Regional Specialist in Fruit Pathology
shown that sunn hemp hay may be used to help check                                 Maryland Cooperative Extension
weed growth. Despite the many benefits of sunn hemp, this                       CMREC, Upper Marlboro Research Farm
super hero without a cape has been only lightly investigated                                  August 7, 2008
for its potential to help manage insect pests.                       Apples
     Thus, field experiments are currently being conducted                In young, non-bearing orchards, the main diseases to
at the Central Maryland Research and Education Center-               manage are those that could defoliate the trees: apple scab,
UMF in Upper Marlboro, to examine the use of sunn hemp               cedar-apple rust, and apple powdery mildew. Young trees
as a cover crop to suppress insect pests and enhance                 need healthy leaves to support their growing root systems and
beneficial arthropods in a double-cropping vegetable                 canopies. In our planting, the only disease we observed in
system. During both crop cycles, insect pest populations             2008 was powdery mildew, for which we applied several
and their associated natural enemies will be censused. This          sprays.
experiment will be expanded next year to concurrently look           Blueberries
at other potential benefits of using sunn hemp within the                 Blueberries are native plants that have relatively few
same field such as improving soil health, soil and plant             diseases and pests compared to imports like peaches, apples,
nutrient status, and plant growth under conventional and             and wine grapes. Our planting, now in its fourth year, has had
                                                                     no observable fruit rot or insect damage. We lost a few canes
                                                                     to winter injury and herbicide injury. Netting kept out a
                                                                     vertebrate pest: the robins who stole most of last year‟s crop.
                                                                     Peaches/Nectarines and Beach Plums
                                                                          These fruit trees and shrubs are all species of “stone
                                                                     fruit.” They belong to the same genus, Prunus, and have
                                                                     similar diseases and pests. Our nine-year-old peach and
                                                                     nectarine planting has typically had a lot of peach scab on the
                                                                     leaves and fruit. This year, we sprayed for scab early, so that
                                                                     there was less on the early peaches, but gaps in the spray
                                                                     schedule allowed many scab lesions to develop on the late
                                                                     peaches and nectarines. Hailstorms in June and early July also
                                                                     damaged some fruit, allowing fungal rots to enter and
                                                                     attracting birds and insects.
                                                                          Brown rot is an annual problem on all stone fruits,
                                                                     including beach plums. The fruit rot phase of the disease



                                                                 8
causes a brown, soft rot on ripening fruit. Rotted fruit             vegetables. See labels for use rates and restrictions. They
become covered with grayish powdery spores, and dry                  have not been posted to CDMS yet. Bayer also received
down to “mummies” that look like a peach or plum pit. The            registration for another new active ingredient spirotetramt
brown rot fungus survives the winter in these fruit                  which will be sold under the trade name, Movento. It is
mummies, and if they are left in the orchard, they will infect       labeled for aphid and whitefly control on a number of
next year‟s crop of blossoms and fruit.                              vegetable crops. Please see labels for use rates, restrictions
Table and Wine Grapes                                                and labeled crops at:
     Our eight-year-old vineyard also suffered from the              http://www.cdms.net/LDat/ld8L5005.pdf
hailstorms this summer. In addition to battered leaves,              Cabbage
many fruit split open. Fruit that are damaged when they are              Continue to sample for cabbage looper, diamondback
small will often heal over or drop off. More mature fruit may        larvae and harlequin bug. Although the pyrethroids will
not fully heal and become susceptible to fungal fruit rots           provide control of harlequin bugs they are not effective on
and insect damage.                                                   diamondback in our area. So be sure to scout and select
     Beginning in early June, warm, humid nights and                 control options based on the complex of insects present in the
frequent daytime rainfall created the conditions for an              field.
explosive outbreak of grape downy mildew, a destructive              Spinach
fungal disease that can defoliate vines and prevent very                 As the earliest planted spinach emerges from the ground,
young fruit from developing normally. We brought the                 be sure to watch for webworms and beet armyworms.
disease under control with little defoliation in the wine            Controls should be applied when worms are small and before
grapes, though the table grapes fared worse. By the time             they have moved deep into the hearts of the plants. Also,
the disease struck, most of the fruit were old enough to be          remember that both insects can produce webbing on the
largely immune, though some have purplish spots indicating           plants.
downy mildew damage to the skin.
     Despite favorable weather from budbreak onward, we                           Disorders in Cole Crops
haven‟t seen a lot of grape powdery mildew, which was a                                     Gordon Johnson,
serious problem in the vineyard in 2006 and late 2007. We                           Extension Ag Agent, Kent County
sprayed lime sulfur while the vines were dormant to reduce                                    gcjohn@udel.edu
the overwintering population of several fungal pathogens,                Most cole crops will be planted by mid-August in
including powdery mildew, with apparent success. We                  Delaware although late plantings of broccoli and collards will
continued to apply protectant sprays as the shoots and fruit         be going in up to the end of the month. Cabbage, cauliflower,
developed.                                                           broccoli, broccoflower, Brussels sprouts, and collards are
     Other common grape diseases include (1) Phomopsis               important crops for fall income on many vegetable farms
cane and leaf spot, caused by a cool-weather fungus that             throughout Delaware. There are a number of challenges to
becomes inactive in the summer, and (2) black rot, another           growing cole crops including producing quality transplants,
spring fungal disease that is the first fruit rot to appear.         scheduling plantings for harvest, and pest management
Cool, wet weather early in the season favored Phomopsis              (especially insect control). Cole crops are also susceptible to a
infections of shoots and leaves. Phomopsis fruit rot is just         number of disorders that growers need to be aware of
now appearing, so it is too soon to tell how well we did in          because they can cause issues with marketability.
protecting fruit. We have seen a few black rot lesions on            Tipburn of Cauliflower, Cabbage, and Brussels
leaves but very few berries with black rot. Our worst insect         Sprouts
pest is Japanese beetle, which skeletonizes leaves and may               This problem can cause severe economic losses.
feed on fruit. Beetle damage so far this year has been               Tipburn is a breakdown of plant tissue inside the head of
minor.                                                               cabbage, individual sprouts in Brussels sprouts, and on the
                                                                     inner wrapper leaves of cauliflower. It is a physiological
                                                                     disorder which is associated with an inadequate supply of
                                                                     calcium in the affected leaves, causing a collapse of the tissue
                                                                     and death of the cells. Calcium deficiency may occur where
                                                                     the soil calcium is low or where there is an imbalance of
                                                                     nutrients in the soil along with certain weather conditions.
              Vegetable Crop Insects                                 (High humidity, low soil moisture, high potash and high
          Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist                    nitrogen aggravate calcium availability). Secondary rot caused
                    jwhalen@udel.edu                                 by bacteria can follow August 22, 2008 Weekly Crop Update
                                                                     Volume 16, Issue 22 3 tipburn and heads of cauliflower can be
New Insecticide Registrations                                        severely affected. Some cabbage and cauliflower cultivars are
     Bayer Crop Science recently received federal and state          relatively free of tipburn problems.
registrations for their new active ingredient flubendamide.
It is the active ingredient in Belt and Synapse. Belt is
labeled for sweet corn. Synapse is labeled for a number of
                                                                 9
Boron Deficiencies                                                  diameter. Leaves may also be broken over the curd to prevent
    Cole crops have a high boron requirement. Symptoms of           yellowing. In hot weather blanching may take 3 to 4 days, but
boron deficiency vary with the cole crop. Cabbage heads             in cool weather, 8 to 12 days or more may be required.
may simply be small and yellow. Most cole crops develop                 Cauliflower fields scheduled to mature in cool weather
cracked and corky stems, petioles and midribs. The stems            (September and October) that are well supplied with water
of broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower can be hollow and are          and planted with "selfblanching" cultivars will not need tieing.
sometimes discolored. Cauliflower curds become brown and            Newer orange cauliflower and green broccoflower varieties are
leaves may roll and curl.                                           being planted. They are less susceptible to off-colors but still
Hollow Stem in Broccoli and Cauliflower Not                         can develop purpling under warm conditions.
Caused by Boron Deficiency                                          Cauliflower Ricing
    This condition starts with gaps that develop in the                 “Riciness” and “fuzziness” in heads is caused by high
tissues. These gradually enlarge to create a hollow stem.           temperatures, exposure to direct sun, too rapid growth after
Ordinarily, there is no discoloration of the surface of these       the head is formed, high humidity, or high nitrogen. “Ricing” is
openings at harvest but both discoloration and tissue               where the flower buds develop, elongate and separate,
breakdown may develop soon after harvest. Some cultivars            making the curd unmarketable.
of hybrid cauliflower and broccoli may have openings from           Development of Curd Bracts in Cauliflower
the stem into the head. Both plant spacing and the rate of              Curd bracts or small green leaves between the segments
nitrogen affect the incidence of hollow stem. Hollow stem           of the curd in cauliflower is caused by
increases with wider spacings and as the rate of nitrogen           August 22, 2008 Weekly Crop Update Volume 16, Issue 22 4
increases. The incidence of hollow stem can be greatly              too high of temperature or drought. High temperatures cause
reduced by increasing the plant population.                         a reversion to vegetative growth with production of bracts on
Cabbage Splitting                                                   the head. In
    Cabbage splitting is mainly a problem with early                a marketable cauliflower head, the individual flower buds are
cabbage. A problem can develop when moisture stress is              undeveloped and undifferentiated.
followed by heavy rain. The rapid growth rate associated            Loose Heads in Cauliflower and Premature
with rain, high temperatures and high fertility cause the           Flowering in Broccoli
splitting. Proper irrigation may help prevent splitting and             Loosely formed curds in cauliflower can be due to any
there are significant differences between cultivars in their        stress that slows growth making them small or open.
susceptibility to this problem. Splitting may also be partially     Fluctuating temperatures and moisture will also cause less
avoided by deep cultivation to break some of the plant              compact growth. In contrast, excess vegetative growth caused
roots.                                                              by excessive nitrogen can also cause loose heads in
Cauliflower and Broccoli Buttoning                                  cauliflower and broccoli. Premature flowering and open heads
    Buttoning is the premature formation of a head and              in broccoli can be brought on by high temperatures.
because the head forms early in the plant's life, the leaves        Edema on Cole Crop Leaves
are not large enough to nourish the curd to a marketable                Edema is water blistering on cole crop leaves.
size. Buttoning may occur shortly after planting in the field,      The most common cause of edema is the presence of
when normal plants of the same age should be growing                abundant, warm soil water and a cool, moist atmosphere.
vegetatively. Losses are usually most severe when                   Under these conditions the roots absorb water at a rate faster
transplants have gone past the juvenile stage before setting        than is lost through transpiration. Excess water accumulates in
in the field. Stress factors such as low soil nitrogen, low soil    the leaf, some parenchyma cells enlarge and block the
moisture, disease, insects, or micronutrient deficiencies can       stomatal openings through which water vapor is normally
also cause this problem. Some cultivars, particularly early         released from the plant; thereby contributing to further water
ones, are more susceptible to buttoning than others.                retention in the leaf. If this condition persists, the enlarged
Lack of Heads in Broccoli and Cauliflower                           cells divide, differentiate a cork cambium, and develop
    During periods of extremely warm weather (days over             elongate cork cells externally to form a periderm. The rupture
86°F and nights 77°F) broccoli and cauliflower can remain           of the epidermis by the enlarged inner cells and the periderm
vegetative (does not head) since they do not receive                account for the raised, crusty appearance of older edema
enough cold for head formation. This can cause a problem            spots.
in scheduling the marketing of even volumes of crop.                Black Petiole
Cauliflower Blanching and Off Colors                                    Black petiole or black midrib is an internal disorder of
    The market demands cauliflower which is pure white or           cabbage that has been occasionally noted in recent years. As
pale cream in color. Heads exposed to sunlight develop a            heads approach maturity, the back side of the internal leaf
yellow and/or red to purple pigment. Certain varieties such         petioles or midribs turn dark gray or black at or near the point
as Snow Crown are more susceptible to purple off-colors,            where the midrib attaches to the core. The affected area may
especially in hot weather. Self-blanching varieties have            be quite limited or may extend for 2 or 3 inches along the
been developed to reduce problems with curd yellowing.              midrib. It is believed that this disorder is associated with a
For open headed varieties, the usual method to exclude              potassium (K)-phosphorus (P) imbalance and results when the
light is to tie the outer leaves when the curd is 8 cm in           K level in the soil is low and the P concentration high. High
                                                                   10
rates of nitrogen may contribute to the problem. Probably,            Continue to scout for soybean aphids. Since this is more of
as in the case with tipburn, black petiole is a complex           a cool season aphid, we could see an increase with the recent
physiological disorder in which environmental conditions          temperatures. As a general guideline, treatment is needed
play an important role in symptom expression. Variety             through the R-5 stage (seed is 1/8 inch long in the pod of one
evaluation trials have shown that there are differences in        of the four uppermost nodes on the main stem) of soybean
degree of susceptibility between varieties.                       development if economic levels are present. It may also be
Floret (Bead) Yellowing in Broccoli                               beneficial to spray through R-6 stage (pods containing a green
    The florets are the most perishable part of the broccoli      seed that fills the pod cavity at one of the four uppermost
head; yellowing may be due to overmaturity at harvest,            nodes on the main stem) – reports vary as to the benefit of
high storage temperatures after harvest, and/or exposure          spraying once plants reach the R-6 stage but in some years
to ethylene. Any development of yellow beads ends                 and some situations there has been an economic return.
commercial marketability. Bead yellowing due to                   Spraying after R-6 stage has not been documented to increase
senescence should not be confused with the yellow to light-       yield in the Midwest.
green color of areas of florets not exposed to light during            The suggested treatment threshold from the
growth, sometimes called "marginal yellowing".                    Midwest is still 250 aphids per plant with 80% of the plants
Brown Floret (Bead) in Broccoli                                   infested with aphids. You can also consider using speed
    This is a disorder in which areas of florets do not           scouting to make a treatment decision. Information on how to
develop correctly, die and lead to brown discolored areas.        use speed scouting can be founds at:
This is thought to be caused by plant nutritional imbalances      http://www.nwroc.umn.edu/Cropping_issues/2007/Issue9/07_17
but also may be due to feeding damage on florets from             _07_no4.htm or
                                                                  http://breeze.ag.vt.edu/speedscouting
insects such as harlequin bugs.
                                                                      We continue to find sporadic and low levels of corn
Information adapted and reprinted in part from                    earworms in fields in Kent and Sussex counties. As corn dries
“Nonpathogenic Disorders of Cabbage” from Cornell University;     down, moths emerging from larvae found in corn fields will lay
“Cole Crops Crop Management” from Prince Edward Island            eggs in soybeans. Remember, corn earworms will feed on the
Canada, and factsheets from North Carolina State University on    foliage and the pods. The only way to know if you have an
broccoli and cauliflower production.                              economic level will be to scout. Therefore, be sure to scout all
                                                                  fields for podworms. Although states to our south reported
                                                                  control failures with pyrethroids in soybeans in 2007, we did
                                                                  not see this in Delaware in 2007. In many cases, poor control
                                                                  in our area was the result of treating too late, treating large
                                                                  worms
                                                                  or using too low of a rate. If using a pyrethroid, you should be
              Agronomic Crop Insects                              using the mid to high range rate. In addition to the
          Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist                 pyrethoids, Steward or Lorsban should also be considered,
                      jwhalen@udel.edu                            especially if armyworms are in the mix. The pyrethroids will
Grass Hay Crops                                                   not provide effective beet armyworm control. In the past, we
   We have received reports from consultants in                   have used the treatment threshold of 3 corn earworms per 25
Maryland and Delaware regarding insect damage to grass            sweeps in narrow fields and 5 corn earworms per 25 sweeps
hay crops that are close to cutting. In both cases, the insect    in wide row fields (20 inches or greater). However, these are
causing the damage was fall armyworm. Although there are          static thresholds that were calculated for a 10-year average
no thresholds for this insect in grass hay crops, fields          soybean bushel value of $6.28. With higher soybean prices,
should be watched closely after cutting for damage to the         the best approach to determining a threshold is to access the
regrowth. Baythroid XL, Mustang MAX, and                          Corn Earworm Calculator
Warrior are all labeled for armyworm control on                   http://www.ipm.vt.edu/cew/ which estimates a
August 22, 2008 Weekly Crop Update Volume 16, Issue 22            threshold based on the actual treatment cost and bushel value
5 grass hay crops. Insects must be small at the time of           you enter.
treatment to achieve control.
Soybeans
    As the potential for late season insect control
increases, be sure to check all labels for the days
from last application to harvest as well as other
restrictions In areas of the state with high bean leaf
beetle counts, be sure to watch for both defoliation and
pod feeding. Be sure to check the following link from the
Midwest for the most recent decision making information
for this insect pest
http://www.extension.iastate.edu/CropNews/2008/Issue
s/20080728.htm
                                                                 11
                                                                   send email to alwilson@umd.edu. For more information,
                    Pesticide Notes                                contact Sandra Sardanelli


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                                                                      The results of the state wheat trials will be out shortly.
                                                                   Many of your clients should be in the process of making
                                                                   decisions about seed purchases for winter wheat planting this
                                                                   fall. I have compiled a chart of disease reactions for wheat
                  University of Maryland                           varieties that we commonly see on the market here in
               MD Department of Agriculture                        Maryland to help in this process. Disease resistance is always
                  University of Delaware                           the cheapest and most effective management tool we have.
               Virginia Polytechnic Institute                      All the scores in the chart are re-scaled so that the most
                                                                   susceptible thing we tend to see is a 9 on the scale of 0 to 9.
   To subscribe to Pest Net: Send an email to                      The data that you will see in the state wheat trial report that
listserv@listserv.umd.edu The body of the email should             Dr. Costa puts out will have raw data for powdery mildew. So
contain the line: subscribe pestnet-information 'your name'        the most susceptible variety there (Becker) had a score this
Replace 'your name' with the appropriate information and           season of 6.4. My effort to re-scale things is not to confuse
send the message from the email address to which you               you but to try to take the seasonal difference out. You are
want the information sent.                                         welcome to use this chart in any way you like. And if you
   To unsubscribe to Pest Net: send an email to                    have any comments or criticisms of the approach feel free to
listserv@listserv.umd.edu the body of the email should             let me know.
contain only: 'unsubscribe pestnet-information' If you have
any difficulty subscribing or unsubscribing to the list, please
                                                                  12
Wheat reactions to diseases relative to pathogen strains experienced in
Maryland. Ratings range from 0 = highly resistant to 9= highly susceptible.
                                                                                            Fungicide Use in Corn and Soybean: To
Revised 10 July 2008.                                                                               Apply or Not to Apply;
                                Powdery Leaf Stripe Head
Brand        Wheat Entry
                                Mildew1 Rust1 Rust Scab1
                                                                  WSSMV1SBWMV2
                                                                                                     That is the Question
Agripro
Coker
             Branson            3         2      5        7       4                                  By Don Hershman and Paul Vincelli
Agripro
             Cooper             6         5      6        8       5         1
Coker                                                                                      This year there is great interest in applying fungicides to
Agripro
             Coker 9184         4         3      7        8       4         1           both corn and soybean in Kentucky, and elsewhere. Interest is
Coker
Agripro                                                                                 being fueled by high crop prices, aggressive marketing of
             Coker 9312         8         5      8        6       4
Coker                                                                                   fungicides by manufacturers, and the perception by producers
Agripro
             Coker 9436         4         5      6        6       5                     that applying fungicides will result in a net economic benefit
Coker
Agripro                                                                                 (increased yield and perhaps quality). We anticipate that 30-
Coker
             Coker 9511         5         4      8        4       2
                                                                                        50% of Kentucky‟s corn and soybean acres (800,000 to 1
Agripro
             Coker 9553         3         4      2        8       9         3           million acres) will be sprayed with a fungicide during 2008.
Coker
Gromark FS 300                  3         6               7       8         6           Nationally, the number of acres treated could approach 50
Gromark FS 621                  3         2               9       4         4           million (for reference, there are about 160 million acres of
Gromark FS 627                  5         2               8       3         2           corn and soybean in the U.S.). These numbers represent a
Pioneer      25R37              2         4      3        7       1         3
Pioneer      25R62              2         4               5       1         2
                                                                                        radical departure from business-as-usual corn and soybean
Pioneer      26R15              2         2      6        6       1         3           production!
Pioneer      26R56              5         3               4       8         4           What claims are being made about fungicides?
Public
Public
             Chesapeake
             Jamestown
                                1
                                4
                                          6
                                          5
                                                 8        8
                                                          8
                                                                  4
                                                                  9
                                                                            2
                                                                            2
                                                                                           Fungicides (primarily strobilurin-based products - Table 1)
Public       McCormick          0         8      6        6       1                     are being marketed for control of certain fungal diseases.
Public       Sisson             4         8      8        8       3         6           However, maintaining optimal health of treated crops has
Renwood Renwood 3633 7                    3               7       1                     been the main marketing strategy of fungicide manufacturers.
Seedway SW 55                   4         4               8       1         2
Seedway SW 48                   5         3               8       9                     In addition to disease control benefits, fungicide
Southern
             SS 520             2         3      8        8       4         9
                                                                                        manufacturers have promoted fungicides for optimizing
States                                                                                  physiological and biochemical processes in crops. As a result,
Southern
States
             SS 548             7         3               8       1                     treated crops are reportedly better able to withstand crop
Southern                                                                                stresses, and yield more, compared with non-treated crops.
             SS 560             2         6      6        8       1
States
Southern
             SS 8302            8         8      2        6       2                     Table 1. Fungicides commonly being used in corn and
States
Southern                                                                                soybean production throughout the U.S.
             SS 8309            4         5      5        5       1         4
States
Southern                                                                                Fungicide           Active ingredient(s)   Chemical class(es)
             SS 8404            4         3      8        7       4         2           Headline            Pyraclostrobin         Strobilurin
States
Southern                                                                                Quadris             Azoxystrobin           Strobilurin
             SS 8641            0         1               9       9
States                                                                                  Quilt               Azoxystrobin +         Strobilurin + triazole
Southern
             SS MPV57           5         3      7        8       2         2                               propiconazole
States                                                                                  Stratego            Trifloxystrobin +      Strobilurin + triazole
USG          USG 3209           3         9      3        7       5         1                               propiconazole
USG          USG 3342           1         3               7       1         2
USG          USG 3555           2         5               7       1
USG          USG 3592           2         1      6        7       7         3           “Greening” effect
USG          USG 3665           3         2      4        7       1                        We have seen some of these data on how strobilurin
USG          USG 3860           6         5               6       1                     fungicides, in particular, are reported to impact plant
Vigoro       Vigoro V9510 4               6      8        7       9         6
Vigoro       Vigoro V9713 4               4      6        6       1         1           physiology/biochemistry of crops. Some of it looks very
Vigoro       Vigoro Dominion1             3      4        6       7         5           convincing, and there is no denying that treated crops often
Vigoro
1
             Tribute            1         7      8        6       1         7           (but not always) show what has been called a “greening
  Ratings for powdery mildew, leaf rust, wssmv and head scab are based on local         effect”. Most producers consider this greening effect to be a
data. Data for varieties not in last (2007-8) state trial are supplemented from past
local trials or other regional information.                                             good thing that necessarily translates into higher yields
2
  Stripe rust and sbwmv ratings are compiled from various other sources.                compared to non-treated crops. However, this is definitely
Resistance to powdery mildew and rusts can change within a season. Past                 not the case and we have seen numerous situations in
performance is not a guarantee of continued resistance.                                 research plots and grower fields where yields of corn or
Compiled by Dr. A. Grybauskas, Extension Plant Pathologist, University of
                                                                                        soybean were not improved by fungicide treatment, even
Maryland. Ratings for powdery mildew and head scab based on data from Dr. Jose
Costa.                                                                                  when the greening effect was evident.
                                                                                           As a side note, the greening effect can be a negative thing
                                                                                        as well. It can slow or even delay harvest, and grain (mainly
                                                                                        corn) may require drying if harvested at a higher moisture
                                                                                        content compared to non-treated crops.


                                                                                       13
Response to fungicides for crops under severe stress               though pre-tassel application of strobilurin fungicides is known
or low stress/low disease conditions                               to be one cause.) In many cases, the yield loss from
    We are plant pathologists and not crop physiologists.          fungicide application has been clearly documented but the
Consequently, we focus primarily on the disease control            exact cause of the yield loss is unknown. As with soybean,
aspects of fungicide treatments. However, we have noted            industry data for corn, mostly from unreplicated side-by-side
that applying fungicides to corn or soybean, in replicated         comparisons in grower fields, indicate a substantially higher
trials, frequently does not produce statistically higher yields    average yield response to fungicides than university research,
when tests are grown under serious stress conditions, such         but the wide range of yield results is still apparent even in
as drought, or under low stress/low disease situations. For        industry data.
example, we have conducted 28 replicated soybean
fungicide tests in Kentucky since 2003. Disease pressure           Table 2. Yield response of corn following fungicide
and crop stress were minimal in most of these tests; a few         application in replicated trials conducted in IL, IN, IA,
experienced severe drought stress. In these tests,                 KS, KY, MN, MO, OH, WI, and Ontario, Canada during
statistically significant yield increases (in at least one         2007 (data summary by C. Bradley, Univ. of IL).
fungicide treatment) were seen in seven of 28 tests (25%).
These findings are consistent with those of researchers at         Range of             Number of data       Percent
other land grant universities who have conducted several           response of          points in
hundred soybean fungicide tests since 2002, most of which          corn crop to         category (out
had very little disease development. A. Grybausksas (Univ.         fungicide            of 168)
of Maryland) summarized the results of 74 replicated tests,        (compared to
conducted across 15 northern states in 2006. Yields in             untreated corn)
fungicide-treated plots ranged from -6 bu/A to 18 bu/A             -1 to -29 bu/A       46                   27.4
(mean 2.8 bu/A). Some of the yield differences in individual       0 bu/A               8                    4.8
studies were statistically significant; others were not. The       1 to 5 bu/A          51                   30.4
main point is that soybean yields, on average, are                 6 to 27 bu/A         63                   37.5
somewhat higher when treated with a fungicide (mostly a
single application of a strobilurin fungicide at early pod            Research consistently shows that the yield response
formation), but the yield results from individual treatments       associated with spraying either corn or soybean with a
and tests vary wildly. To be fair, we note that results            fungicide is very unpredictable. While an economic yield
summarized by industry suggest a more favorable outcome.           increase is possible, it is not assured, and yield loss can also
                                                                   occur. In our opinion, marketing literature by most fungicide
How often do fungicides improve corn yield?                        manufacturers is unrealistically “bullish”.
   Since applying fungicides to field corn is a relatively new
production practice (only since 2006), most of the research        So where do fungicides fit?
on corn is very recent. However, research thus far should             The best chance that a fungicide treatment will result in a
temper enthusiasm for the routine use of fungicides in corn.       net economic gain for corn or soybean occurs when disease
For example, last year Chad Lee and Paul Vincelli conducted        conditions exist which justify making a fungicide application.
three corn fungicide tests under low disease, good growing         In other words, fungicides often result in higher yields when
conditions. In these tests, fungicide application did not          there is enough disease to cause significant yield reductions.
produce a significant yield difference. The same is true for       But keep in mind that no fungicide is perfect. For example,
four UK trials in with strobilurin fungicides conducted in         fungicides do a good to excellent job against some diseases,
western Kentucky several years ago. Similarly, in replicated       an average to poor job against some, and have absolutely no
tests conducted throughout the Midwest and beyond during           impact on others (for example, all nematode, viral, and
2007, research shows that it is far from guaranteed that a         bacterial diseases, and many soil-borne fungal diseases).
fungicide application will provide an economic yield boost            When diseases develop that ARE effectively controlled by
(Table 2). Although the average yield response across all          one or more fungicides, higher yields are likely to be
treatments (Headline, Quilt, or Stratego at tasseling) tested      harvested from treated crops. On the other hand, no amount
was 3.5 bu/A, 46 of 168 data points (27%) showed yield             of fungicide will protect crops from serious outbreaks of some
loss when a fungicide was applied. The range of response           diseases. Thus, the response of crops to fungicide treatment
of individual crops to a fungicide ranged from a 27 bu/A           can, at least partially, be predicted based on the probability
yield increase to a 29 bu/A yield loss. That‟s right, a 29         that certain diseases might occur. For example, depending on
bu/A yield loss, with fungicides applied according to label        weather conditions, grey leaf spot (GLS) of corn is highly likely
directions. Some of these cases of yield loss are due to           to be a yield-limiting factor in a hybrid susceptible to GLS that
damage to the developing ear. This damage has been                 is late-planted, no-till, into a field where corn was grown the
called “arrested ear development”, whereby the ears are            previous year. Other production and environmental factors are
moderately or highly stunted, with reduced numbers of              also important, but the point is that some disease situations
kernels per row. (It should be noted that arrested ear             (ergo, need to apply a fungicide) can be anticipated.
development can be caused by factors other than fungicide,            However, there are many other situations where the
                                                                   response to a fungicide treatment cannot be predicted with
                                                                  14
any certainty. Throw into the mix different types and             “Timely Viticulture” is designed to give those in the
degrees of crop stresses and it is not hard to see that           Maryland grape industry a timely reminder of things they
making the most appropriate fungicide use decision for your       should be considering in the vineyard or
corn or soybean crop is not as clear cut as you may have          when establishing a planting.
thought. The odds are in your favor that treated corn or          It is getting close to harvest and you
soybean will yield more than untreated crops. However, the        want to:
economics of treating, even in this high price environment,             stop spraying as soon as
are much less certain.                                                    possible…
   Our suggestion is to reserve fungicide treatment for fields          but still want to keep the fruit and leaves clean…
that are at risk for significant disease development. The               while watching preharvest intervals…
disease history of fields, production practices, recent and             and not applying anything to potentially affect
near-term weather conditions, etc, can help with this. For                fermentation.
fields that are at low risk for disease, many producers will       Please see timely info below from Dr. Anne DeMarsay (and
still feel compelled to apply fungicides for one reason or        Dr. Tony Wolf) on Preharvest disease management.
another. If you fall into this category, we strongly suggest      Additional information is always available on my web site
that you keep a portion of each field unsprayed for               http://www.grapesandfruit.umd.edu/ and the listed links.
comparison purposes. And, don‟t compare just by looks or          Joseph A. Fiola, Ph.D., Specialist in Viticulture and Small Fruit
even yield. Rather, compare by determining how much (or           University of Maryland, Western MD Research & Education Center
how little) money the fungicide treatment put back into           18330 Keedysville Road
                                                                  Keedysville, MD 21756-1104
your farm enterprise.
                                                                  301-432-2767 ext. 344; Fax 301-432-4089
                                                                  jfiola@umd.edu
What About Treating After Hail?
                                                                  http://www.westernmaryland.umd.edu/viticulturesmallfruit
   Fungicides are being marketed as a rescue treatment for
                                                                  .htm
corn following a hailstorm. We have not seen any research
showing that this is an economical practice. In fact, the
limited data available on this practice indicate that the               Preharvest Disease Management
application doesn‟t reverse any of the yield loss that hail        Anne DeMarsay, Ph.D., Fruit Pathology Specialist, University of
damage can cause.                                                                 Maryland Cooperative Extension
                                                                     Many Maryland vineyards are approaching or already within
Spray coverage
                                                                  30 days of the anticipated harvest date for early wine grape
   One final point: Achieving good results when spraying
                                                                  varieties. During this window, growers face the challenge of
any crop with fungicides requires excellent spray coverage.
                                                                  managing several fungal diseases, including powdery mildew
Both aerial and ground applications have produced good
                                                                  (PM), downy mildew (DM), Botrytis bunch rot, and other late-
results in corn and soybean. However, the recent trend
                                                                  season bunch rots, without using fungicides that could impair
toward greatly reduced spray volumes for aerial application,
                                                                  wine quality. Maryland growers may refer to Extension Fact
in particular, is troubling. Some fungicide labels now
                                                                  Sheet 848, Guidelines for Developing an Effective Fungicide
indicate that it is acceptable to apply as few as 2 gal/A by
                                                                  Spray Program for Wine Grapes in Maryland, 2008, for specific
air. If fungicide manufacturer are comfortable enough to
                                                                  management recommendations.
put this recommendation on product labels, we suspect that
                                                                     For more information of the potential interaction between
this low volume can produce good results. However, this
                                                                  late disease management and fermentation, a helpful
low volume is certainly “on the edge” and the chances of
                                                                  presentation by Dr. Tony Wolf from Virginia Tech, entitled
poor treatment performance could be high if application is
                                                                  "Late-season disease control options to manage diseases, but
attempted during less than ideal conditions, or the
                                                                  minimize fermentation problems and wine defects," is
application is made by a marginally competent aerial
                                                                  available at:
applicator. Just because someone is a good pilot does not         http://www.vaes.org.vt.edu/AHSMITHJAREC/WolfWeb/Pre-
necessarily mean that they are a good aerial applicator.          harvest%20disease%20management.pdf
The “word on the street” is that aerial applicators from all
over the country will be making their way to Kentucky to          General Guidelines
apply fungicides to corn and soybean this year. You should         Avoid applying fungicides containing sulfur, copper, and
take whatever steps are required to make sure that                   captan within 30–45 days of your anticipated harvest
whomever you hire to spray your crops (aerial or ground) is          date. Sulfur and copper residues impart off-tastes to
good at what they do.                                                wine, and captan residues may delay fermentation.
                                                                   In managing PM and DM, your objective should be to
                                                                     maintain a functional canopy for long enough to fully ripen
                                                                     your grapes.
                                                                  
                                                                     PM and DM before harvest and tolerate some foliar
                                                                     mildew without harming fruit.

                                                                 15
                                                                            Grape Harvest Ripeness
   mature, you may need to apply fungicides until quite                                  Joseph A. Fiola, Ph.D.
   late in the season to preserve the canopy.                                   Specialist in Viticulture and Small Fruit
 Be vigilant in scouting for late-season bunch rots, which       Evaluating Grape Samples for Ripeness. It is critical to
   often appear suddenly and close to fruit maturity,           properly monitor and assess the fruit characteristics and
   weeks after black rot and Phomopsis fruit rot.               maturity to make the appropriate management, harvesting,
Powdery Mildew                                                  and winemaking decisions to produce                            the
 Protect fruit until they reach 8 Brix, when they become       best quality grapes and wine
   immune to PM infection. Thereafter, protect the canopy       possible. The last “Timely Viticulture”
   as long as needed for ripening fruit.                        described how to take a proper
 Late PM fungicides that will not affect wine quality          sample that best represents the actual
   include Quintec, Endura or Pristine (boscalid                ripeness stage of the variety in that
   component), stylet oil, and the potassium salts              vineyard. The next step is set the
   (Armicarb, Kaligreen, Nutrol). The sterol-inhibiting (SI)    priorities that will optimize fruit quality
   fungicides (Nova/Rally, Elite, Procure) may still be         and give you the opportunity to make                            the
   useful where PM has not lost sensitivity to SIs.             best possible wine and then evaluate your sample based on
                                                               that criterion.
   salt product. Use stylet oil once, and only on severe         The critical principals here are that high quality wine is the
   infections. Do not apply oil within 14 days of either             confluence of fruit derived flavor and aroma components
   sulfur or captan.                                                 and for red grapes also the reduction of immature
Downy Mildew                                                         tannins.
 For late DM, use a phosphorous acid product                    These do not necessarily correspond to “desired” sugar
   (phosphite) such as Phostrol, ProPhyt, Topaz, etc.                and acid ranges.
   Because of strobilurin-resistant DM strains, Pristine              The highest priority needs to be the quality and
   alone may no longer be effective on DM in Maryland                     quantity of varietal aroma/flavor in the fruit.
   vineyards.                                                         Simply stated, to obtain a desired characteristic aroma
Botrytis Bunch Rot                                                        or flavor in the wine, it must be present in the grapes
 Preharvest can be a critical time for Botrytis control on               at the time of harvest!
   bunch rot-prone varieties, especially in wet seasons.              By regular, continuous sampling you will learn through
   Latent infections that occurred at bloom become active                 experience the succession of aromas, flavors and
   again, and berries become increasingly susceptible to                  textures that each variety goes through.
   infection after veraison. (See Joe Fiola‟s Timely                  Depending on the degree of ripeness red grape
   Viticulture on Botrytis).                                              characteristics can range from green and herbaceous
 Effective fungicides include Vanguard/Scala, Elevate,                   to fruity and “jammy.”
   Pristine (at the 18.5–23 oz/ac rate) and Endura (at the            Therefore the individual sampling must be diligent to
   8 oz/ac rate).                                                         monitor for that aroma and/or flavor in the sample.
Late-Season Bunch Rots                                           The next highest priority, especially for red wines, is the
 Watch for late-season rots as fruit ripen, especially if           texture of the grape tannins in skin and the seed.
   there has been hail, bird damage, insect feeding, or PM            These quality and quantity of the tannins determine
   on fruit. The fungi that cause ripe rot, bitter rot, and               the structure, body, astringency, bitterness, dryness,
   Macrophoma rot, can enter intact berries, however;                     and color intensity of the wine. Mature tannins are
   be careful not to injure ripening fruit while spraying or              critical to the production of quality red wines.
   mowing. Control insects that feed on fruit as part of an           The degree of ripeness and polymerization of the
   IPM program.                                                           tannins will determine the astringency and mouth feel
 If ripe rot, bitter rot, or Macrophoma rot appear during                of your wine.
   the preharvest window, protect healthy fruit with a                              This can range from the undesirable, hard
   strobilurin fungicide (Pristine or Abound).                                      and course tannins of immature grapes,
 Sour rot is caused by a complex of fungi, bacteria, and                           through to the desirable, “supple and silky”
   insects that can gain entry only to wounded fruit.                               profile of mature grapes.
   Because of the bacterial component, fungicides are not       Procedure
   effective against sour rot.                                      Select a few random grapes and place them in you
For more information, contact Dr. Anne DeMarsay at                   mouth. DO NOT look at the cluster when you are
fruitdr@umd.edu                                                      choosing the grapes because you will tend to pick more
                                                                     ripened berries.
                                                                  Without macerating the skins, gently press the juice out of
                                                                     the berries and assess the juice for sweetness (front of
                                                                     tongue) and acid (back sides of your tongue). With
                                                                     experience (and comparison against numbers from lab
                                                               16
     samples) you will be able to reasonably guesstimate the          The first requirement is that the crop is at a susceptible
     Brix and TA level of the grapes.                              stage. At this time all of our soybean acreage, full-season and
  Next gently separate the seeds for the skins and “spit”         double-crop, should be in reproductive stages and therefore is
     into your hand. The color of the seeds gives you a clue       at peak susceptibility.
     to the level of ripeness. Green seeds are immature,              The second requirement is for the pathogen to be, in this
     green to tan and tan to brown seeds is maturing, and          case, transported to the susceptible crop and that the spores
     brown seeds are mature. Ripe seed tannins are                 be alive and in sufficient quantity to actually land on a
     desirable as they are less easily extracted and more          susceptible host. Although we may be experiencing the
     supple on the palette.                                        transport event, the number of spores that could be moved
  Finally macerate the remaining skins and press them in          does not appear to be that significant. There is only one
     your cheeks to assess the ripeness of the skin tannins.       known case of soybean rust in a commercial soybean field and
     You will be able to “feel” the astringency (pucker) of        that is in Texas. All the other hotspots indicated on the
     the skins. The less intense the astringency the more          www.sbrusa.net website as red counties are either on
     ripe the grapes.                                              kudzu or in a soybean sentinel plots. These all appear to be
    A good way to practice is to first sample an early grape       small, scattered mostly along or near the gulf coast, and only
variety such as Merlot and then immediately go to a later          recently increasing in number and intensity. We would be
variety such as Cab Sauvignon, and you will feel the               more likely to see significant spore transport to our area over
difference in the acidity, astringency and ripeness. Of            such a long distance (Gulf to MD) if there were at least a few
course, other factors must still be considered, such as the        large commercial production fields infected. Furthermore, Fay
total acidity and pH. Generally you would like to harvest          sat over the southeast for nearly a week because the high-
white grapes in the 3.2-3.4 pH range and reds in the 3.4-          pressure system that produced mild temperatures and sunny
3.5 range, as long as the varietal character is appropriate as     conditions here blocked its movement northward. While Fay
described above. Remember the enologist can do a good              sat over Florida and Georgia it‟s counterclockwise spin should
job adjusting acidity but it almost impossible to increase         have transported spores predominantly in the Southeast and
variety character in the wine. Brix or sugar level is good to      mostly westward. I suspect in the next week or so we will
follow on a “relative” scale but levels can greatly vary from      hear more soybean rust finds in the southeast because of Fay.
vintage to vintage. In some years the grapes will be ripe          When that occurs and is confirmed then we could have large
and have great varietal character at 20 Brix and another           enough numbers of spores to produce a significant threat to
year they may still not have ripe varietal character at 23         our region.
Brix. Disease/Rot.                                                    The last requirement for disease development is continued
    Monitor to see if the grapes are deteriorating do to fruit     disease-favorable weather. The current weather forecasts
rots or berry softening. Look at the short and long range          indicate only moderately disease-favorable conditions. The
forecast. If it looks good and the grapes have the ability to      temperatures will be mostly favorable but moisture will not be
ripen further, then there may be a benefit to letting them         widely available. In my opinion it is not optimal but it could be
hang a bit longer. If the tropical storm is on the way;            just enough to allow infection to take place. We would need
when grapes are close to optimal ripeness, it is more              another storm system or two to keep things wet for infections
desirable to harvest before a significant rainfall than to wait    to increase locally.
until after the rain and allow them to build up the sugar             There is no need for fungicide applications for soybean rust
again afterwards.                                                  management at this time. The early planted full-season crop
The original print friendly version fact sheet of this             should be too far along to be damaged significantly even if
“Timely Viticulture” on is also available on my web site at:       rust did appear. Irrigated late-planted or double-crop
http://www.grapesandfruit.umd.edu/Pages/TimelyVit_10               soybeans need to be watched as they may yet be threatened
0506_2.pdf
                                                                   especially if Fay produces some significant hotspots in the
                                                                   southeast and the next couple of hurricanes or tropical
                                                                   depressions come through at the right time. Late planted non-
  Maryland Soybean Rust Risk Assessment                            irrigated soybeans may be too badly damaged by the drought
               Arvydas (Arv) Grybauskas, Ph.D.                     to warrant additional inputs. These will need to be assessed
      Associate Professor and Extension Plant Pathologist
                                                                   on an individual basis. The season is not yet over but the risk
                    University of Maryland
                                                                   of a widespread damaging soybean rust epidemic for
  Today is the first day the 2008 growing season that the
                                                                   Maryland in 2008 is rapidly running out of time.
National soybean rust monitoring and forecasting program
(IPMpipe – Soybean Rust) predicts that we could have live
soybean rust spores transported into our region. The
remnants of hurricane/tropical depression Fay is finally
bringing rain to our area but could be bringing with it a low
level of spores. This by itself is not cause for major concern.
There are three general requirements for disease to take
hold and develop.

                                                                  17
                                                                               Grain Marketing Highlights
                                NATIONAL                                   Carl German, Extension Crops Marketing Specialist;
                                                                                           clgerman@udel.edu
                                CROP                               Private Forecaster Pegs U.S. Corn Crop at 12.159
                                INSURANCE                          Billion Bushels
                                                                      FC Stone has estimated the '08/'09 U.S. corn crop at 12.159
                                Fall Crop Insurance                billion bushels. Their soybean crop estimate was placed at
                                Required for Disaster              3.003 billion bushels. In August, USDA estimated the U.S.
                                Eligibility in 2008                corn crop at 12.288 billion bushels and the soybean crop at
                                                                   2.973 billion bushels. In 2007, U.S. corn production was
                                  Any producer who wants to
                                                                   13.074 billion bushels and soybean production was 2.585
                                be eligible for disaster
                                                                   billion bushels. This private estimate indicates that ending
                                assistance on 2009 summer
                                                                   stocks for U.S. corn would decline and U.S. soybean ending
                                crops must have crop
                                                                   stocks would increase from USDA's August estimate. The next
                                insurance coverage on all
                                                                   scheduled USDA supply and demand report will be issued on
insurable fall planted crops before the sales closing deadline
                                                                   September 12th.
(September 30, 2008 for winter wheat, barley, and forage
                                                                   As the line-up of pre-report production estimates make their
production.)
                                                                   way onto the trading scene, there are a few market factors
  The new Farm Bill requires crop insurance, on all acres of
                                                                   that are worth mentioning. First, the dynamics of the
any insurable crop, or Noninsured Assistance Program
                                                                   commodity markets are changing. The price of crude has
(NAP) coverage on all acres of uninsurable crops, in order
                                                                   declined by nearly $36.00 per barrel (now trading at $108.85)
to be eligible for the Supplemental Revenue Assistance
                                                                   and the U.S. dollar index has increased by nearly seven points
Program (SURE). If you fail to sign up for crop insurance on
                                                                   since July 15th (now trading 78.56). The dollar index last
your fall planted crops you will not be protected under
                                                                   traded at this level in December '07. At that time Dec '08 corn
SURE for your corn and soybeans next summer, even if you
                                                                   futures were trading in the $4.40 to $4.75 range. Evidence of
buy crop insurance for those crops. The more crop
                                                                   demand destruction, loss of demand due to high commodity
insurance coverage you have, the more your SURE
                                                                   prices, now has commodity prices seeking a new equilibrium
guarantee will be.
                                                                   at lower levels in order to begin the process of rebuilding
  Authorized in the Farm Bill, SURE is effective for the 2008
                                                                   demand.
crop year and runs through the 2011 crop year. SURE will
be based on whole farm revenue. It will be triggered by a          Marketing Strategy
USDA Secretarial disaster declaration for a county.                  The vagaries of the weather and its impact upon projected
Contiguous counties are automatically eligible. It will also       U.S. production for the '08 corn and soybean harvest have not
be available to any farm where, during the calendar year,          been totally accounted for at this point in time. The oil
the total loss of production on the farm, because of               industry was spared significant damage along the Gulf Coast
weather, is greater than 50 percent of the normal                  from hurricane Gustav. Resulting rains for the soybean crop
production on the farm.                                            have been beneficial in the Corn Belt albeit somewhat late.
  For insured crops, the SURE guarantee is 115 percent             General consensus is that no big changes/surprises are
times the crop insurance price election times the crop             expected to be released in USDA's September estimates.
insurance coverage level times the adjusted crop insurance           The possibility of an early frost and possible crop damage
yield. Crop insurance coverage levels will determine the size      from looming hurricanes will be watched this next week by
of the guarantee.                                                  commodity traders. Those possibilities are enough reason to
  Some of the more common fall planted crops with the              hold up on grain sales at this point in time. Currently, Dec '08
September 30 deadline include: winter wheat, oats, barley,         corn futures are trading at $5.64; Nov '08 soybean futures at
rye, and forage production                                         $12.43; and Dec '08 SRW wheat at $7.76 per bushel.
Assure Your Eligibility                                            For technical assistance on grain marketing decisions
   If you want to maintain your eligibility for disaster aid in    contact: Carl L. German, Extension Crops Marketing
2009 you must sign up for crop insurance coverage on               Specialist
every acre of every insurable fall planted crop before the         Department of Food & Resource Economics
September 30, 2008 deadline.                                       208 Townsend Hall
   If you have any questions, contact a crop insurance agent       University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716-2130
well before the deadline. For more information contact Jan         Phone: 302-831-1317 Fax: 302-831-6243
                                                                   List owner<grn-mktdg@udel.edu> "E-Grain Marketing
Eliassen at (410) 778-0120 or Laurie Langstraat at (913)
                                                                   Club"; and <www.agri-culturehealth.com> "Farm
685-2767.                                                          Retail/Wholesale Marketing Web Site".




                                                                  18
                                                                 Environmental
          Grants Offered for Projects in
           Agricultural Sustainability                           Horticulture
             Northeast SARE nesare@uvm.edu
                                                                    Environmental Horticulture refers to the use of greenhouse
  The Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and             and nursery plants to improve aesthetics in the human
Education (SARE) program offers three different                  environment.
competitive grant programs, all with application deadlines in       Over the past several years, we have performed a series of
the late fall and early winter. These grants are capped at       research trials studying fertilizer requirements for a wide
$10,000 and should offer innovative approaches to                variety of herbs and ornamental plants. In addition, we
sustainable agriculture.                                         provide a large amount of information in the form of fact
                                                                 sheets designed to be useful for both industry professionals
   Farmer grants are for commercial farmers who would            and the general public. Included below is a summary of our
like to explore a new practice or idea, often by conducting      research results as well as an index of the fact sheets we have
an experiment, trial, or on-farm demonstration. Projects can     available, including a series covering general production
explore a wide range of topics such as pest management,          information and a series highlighting production and consumer
soil health, adding value, marketing, or new production          care factors for a variety of selected plant species:
techniques, and funds can be used to pay for the farmer's        http://environmentalhorticulture.umd.edu/
time and for materials specific to the project.
                                                                 Tom Blessington
                                                                 12005 Homewood Road
  Partnership Grants are for Cooperative Extension,              Ellicott City, MD 21042
NRCS, and other agricultural professionals who work              (410) 531-6947
                                                                 Research Data
directly with
                                                                 Summary of Previous Results
farmers. Partnership Grants support on-farm research and         Current Results
demonstration projects in sustainable agriculture, and funds     General Information Fact Sheets
can be used to pay for personnel, materials, sampling,           Greenhouse Management and Operations
                                                                 General Production Information
supplies, testing, and to compensate cooperating farmers
                                                                 Selected Plant Species - Production and Consumer Care Fact Sheets
for their time.                                                  Herbs
                                                                 Perennials (A-G)
   Sustainable Community grants are for projects that            Perennials (H-Z)
                                                                 Ferns
connect farming and rural economic development. Projects
                                                                 Ornamental Grasses
can address issues like finance, marketing, land and water
use, enterprise development, adding value to farm
products, or farm labor. Applicants must be affiliated with
an organization such as a community nonprofit,
Cooperative Extension, local government, an educational
institution, a planning board, a farming cooperative, or an
incorporated citizens' group. This grant is offered in
partnership with the Northeast Center for Rural                            When is My Horse Too Fat?
Development.                                                                   Amy Burk Extension Equine Specialist
   Applications and deadlines are posted on the Northeast                               University of Maryland
SARE web site at www.uvm.edu/~nesare, or call                        An overweight horse may be a happy horse, but it‟s
802/656-0471 to request a printed copy.                          certainly not a healthy horse. Research from the University of
   The Northeast SARE region is made up of Connecticut,          Maryland and other University‟s in Virginia, Tennessee, and
Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, New                    Kentucky all point towards a certain level of fatness associated
Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode             with a higher risk of horses and ponies developing insulin
Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C.             resistance and/or laminitis. That level of fatness is a score of
Helen Husher, Publications and Public Information                equal to or greater than 7 on the Henneke 1-9 body condition
Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education         score (BCS) system. A horse with a BCS of 7 will have a
Tuesday and Thursday: Hills Building, 105 Carrigan Drive         modest amount of fat deposited along the neck, withers, and
University of Vermont, Burlington VT 05405, 802/656-             behind the shoulder. Individual ribs can be felt but they have
0554 Monday and Wednesday: 35 Loomis St.,                        noticeable filling of fat in between ribs. Fat around the
Montpelier, VT 05602, 802/223-7923                               tailhead will feel soft and they have fat on either side of their
                                                                 spine causing a crease to form down their back. See the photo
                                                                 below to see an example of a horse with a BCS of 7.



                                                                19
                                                                    organized. It's a little different than the normal organization,
                                                                    but I think it's ok to be a little different.

                                                                       Once I hear back from everyone as to whether they like or
                                                                    dislike the site, I will begin a plan to populate it with articles
                                                                    and text. My goal is the have this site be one of the top if not
                                                                    the premier horse pasture management and BMP website to
                                                                    go to.
                                                                      Please send comments back to me by Aug 14th. I'm on
                                                                    vacation from Aug. 4th until then, so I'll read your comments,
                                                                    but I won't start working on them until then.
                                                                    Amy Burk, PhD
                                                                    Extension Horse Specialist
                                                                    1117 Animal Science Center
                                                                    University of Maryland
                                                                    Ph: 301-405-8337; Fx: 301-314-9059
                                                                    www.equinestudies.umd.edu
Figure 1. A horse with a BCS 8. Fat has accumulated over the
neck, withers, ribs, and back, behind the shoulder, and on the
side of the tailhead.
  The ideal level of fatness in a horse varies with their use,
but tends to be between a 5 and 6 for most horses. Consult
a veterinarian or nutritionist for weight loss strategies for an
overweight horse and be sure to read our fact sheet titled
“Trimming the Fat: Weight Loss Strategies for the Overweight
Horse” which also outlines how to body condition score
horses.


                  Looking for Hay?
   The Garret County hay list is available on-line at:
http://garrettfarms.org/index_files/hayandstraw.htm.




                                                                        Equine Rotational Grazing Showcase
                                                                                Nearly Complete
                                                                                 Amy Burk Extension Equine Specialist
                                                                                          University of Maryland
                                                                       The equine rotational grazing and pasture management
  Alas, the index page of the Horse Pasture Stewardship is          showcase at the University‟s research and education farm in
available for viewing and comments!                                 Howard County is nearly complete. The showcase comprises
          http://ansc.umd.edu/new/horsepasture/index5.cfm           5.5 acres of land for year round rotation of four horses. It is
  Please skim over this site and let me know what you think         configured with four 1.2 acre pastures, a bluestone sacrifice
about the design and navigation. Make sure to scroll over           lot with hay feeder, waterer, and run-in shed, and two
the menu to see what the site will contain and how it's             vegetative sacrifice paddocks planted in novel hardy turfgrass
                                                                    species.
                                                                   20
   The site is quickly becoming a major educational site and          The IRS often looks at the owners own tax records and
land and pasture stewardship with research to begin at the             previous business ventures and track record. Therefore, it
site in the spring. Once the fence is installed in September,          is important that your own record is clean.
we intend to include the equine rotational grazing and                Showing a profit whenever possible will help strengthen
pasture management showcase as a tour stop at the                      the fact that it is a profit motive driven business.
October 4, 2008 AGNR Open House at the research and                   Having personal horses as pleasure at the facility is fine;
education center.                                                      as long as you still show that your business has a profit
   Click here for more information on the upcoming Open                motive and is not just trying to offset the costs of your
House or visit www.equinestudies.umd.edu for more                      hobby.
information on our equine rotational grazing and pasture              Keeping the items listed above in mind is important when
management showcase.                                                   considering whether or not you are a real equine
                                                                       business. As long as you can show that you do intend to
           Hobby or Business?                                          make a profit, keep accurate and up-to-date records, and
                                                                       show that you do have a vested interest within your
      Defining Your Equine Venture                                     equine business then you should have no problem
                 Kristen Wilson Equine Specialist                      showing the IRS that you are truly a business and not just
                      University of Maryland                           a hobby.
  Many people involved within the horse industry often do
not view their small horse operation as a business. They are
surprised to learn that you do not have to own a large
                                                                      1st Western Maryland Performance-
facility or have several years of experience to be considered        Tested Buck and Invitational Doe Sale
an equine business. According to the Internal Revenue
Service (IRS), if your main objective is to make a profit,
                                                                                 and Field Day
then you are considered a legitimate business. Since most          The 1st Western Maryland Performance-Tested Buck
hobbyists usually hold down another job, in which their          and Invitational Doe Sale and Field Day will be held on
significant income comes from, and often try to offset the       Saturday, October 4, 2008, at the Washington County
costs of their own horse expenses, the IRS will not consider     Agricultural Center near Boonsboro, Maryland.
them a real business.                                              The 20 top-performing bucks from the Western Maryland
  Hobbyist can deduct their expenses up to the amount of         Pasture-Based Meat Goat Performance Test will be auctioned
income that was earned. However, when a profit motive            off, along with doelings that are half-sibs to the bucks on test.
exists, equine operations are able to deduct expenses            Sale animals will include full-blood and percentage Kikos and
greater than the income of the business. Since the IRS will      Boers, along with some Kiko x Boer crossbreds.
be looking to see if you are a real business, there are            The 20 top-performing bucks will be chosen on the basis on
several things that you must consider. Below are some            growth performance, parasite resistance and resilience,
important tips to keep in mind when running an equine            carcass merit, and minimum standards for structural
business:                                                        correctness and reproductive soundness. The goats on test
   Have a business plan that you follow and keep accurate       consume a pasture-only diet, with no supplemental feed.
     up-to-date records for finances, time, and equine             The Field Day will start at 10 a.m. It will feature Dr. Dan
     activities.                                                 Waldron, Professor of Animal Science from Texas A&M
   As the business owner, it is important that you invest a     University. Dr. Waldron is an expert on the performance
     significant amount of your time into the business and       testing of small ruminants. Lunch (goat burgers) will be
     have a good understanding of the equine industry.           available for purchase. The sale will begin at 2 p.m.
   It is generally unfavorable if a substantial amount of         For more information about the sale and field day, contact
     income is coming from other sources other than the          Susan Schoenian at (301) 432-2767 x343 or
     equine business.                                            sschoen@umd.edu.
   The IRS understands that things happen and your                Superior Semen Works will be on hand on Friday and
     business may not make a profit each year. The general       Saturday, October 3 and 4 to collect semen from the bucks on
     rule with the IRS is that you should show a profit 2 out    test or bucks brought to the facility. For more information,
     of every 7 years with an equine business.                   contact Jeanne Dietz-Band at (301) 432-7296 or
   It is very important that you continually show that you      jdietzba@umd.edu.
     are trying to make your business more successful. This      Visit the meat goat test blot at:
     can be done by cutting costs, updating and following        http://mdgoattest.blogspot.com.
     your business plan, and by having good business
     management skills.
   The business owner should continually improve their
     skills by keeping current with the horse industry and
     always looking for avenues to improve and expand their
     business mentality.

                                                                21
Phoenix Services AGSlag: A Local                                     The cooling rate of steel slag is sufficiently low so that
                                                                 crystalline compounds are generally formed. The predominant
Byproduct of Severstal Steel in                                  compounds are dicalcium silicate, tricalcium silicate, dicalcium
Sparrows Point, Maryland                                         ferrite, merwinite, calcium aluminate, calcium-magnesium iron
                          Matt Kerins                            oxide, and some free lime and free magnesia (periclase). The
                Aggregate Sales Phoenix Services                 relative proportions of these compounds depend on the steel-
                      mattk@phxslag.com                          making practice and the steel slag cooling rate.
   Steel slag, a by-product of steel making, is produced
during the separation of the molten steel from impurities in
steel-making furnaces. The slag occurs as a molten liquid
melt and is a complex solution of silicates and oxides that                                         Photo: Steel Slag prior to
solidifies upon cooling.                                                                                  Pulverizing
    In the basic oxygen process, hot liquid blast furnace
metal, scrap, and fluxes, which consist of lime (CaO) and
dolomitic lime (CaO MgO or “dolime”), are charged to a
converter (furnace). A lance is lowered into the converter         The fertilizer analysis of the AgSlag product from Phoenix
and high-pressure oxygen is injected. The oxygen combines        Services in the following tables offers about 60% of the liming
with and removes the impurities in the charge. These             value (CCE) as a typical Genstar Ag lime product; however, it
impurities consist of carbon as gaseous carbon monoxide,         also provides manganese an often required micronutrient in
and silicon, manganese, phosphorus and some iron as liquid       soybean and alfalfa production in Southern Maryland. The
oxides, which combine with lime and dolime to form the           aluminum in surface applied AgSlag may also help to bind
steel slag. At the end of the refining operation, the liquid     available phosphorus reducing phosphorus runoff in high
steel is tapped (poured) into a ladle while the steel slag is    Phosphorus soils.
retained in the vessel and subsequently tapped into a            Phoenix Services AgSlag
separate slag pot.                                               Severstal Steel, Sparrows Point, Maryland
   There are many grades of steel that can be produced,          Fertilizer Analysis
and the properties of the steel slag can change significantly             Constituent              Composition
with each grade. Grades of steel can be classified as high,                                             %
medium, and low, depending on the carbon content of the               Available Phosphate             0.08%
steel. High-grade steels have high carbon content. To                       Calcium                    19.15
reduce the amount of carbon in the steel, greater oxygen                 Calcium Oxide                 26.81
levels are required in the steel-making process. This also                 Magnesium                   4.28
requires the addition of increased levels of lime and dolime           Magnesium Oxide                 7.10
(flux) for the removal of impurities from the steel and                   (Calculated)
increased slag formation.
                                                                           Aluminum                    5.51
Chemical Properties
                                                                             Copper                    <0.01
   The chemical composition of slag is usually expressed in
                                                                           Manganese                   0.20
terms of simple oxides calculated from elemental analysis
                                                                   Calcium Carbonate Equiv.            55.32
determined by x-ray fluorescence. Table 18-2 lists the
                                                                              (CCE)
range of compounds present in steel slag from a typical
base oxygen furnace. Virtually all steel slags fall within             Passing #20 Sieve               66.58
these chemical ranges but not all steel slags are suitable as          Passing #60 Sieve               29.80
aggregates. Of more importance is the mineralogical form              Passing #100 Sieve               22.77
of the slag, which is highly dependent on the rate of slag        Effective Neutralizing Value          24
cooling in the steel-making process.
         Typical Steel Slag Chemical Composition.                                     Genstar Aglime            AgSlag
           Constituent       Composition (%)                     CaO (calcium oxide)       51.0%                26.81%
                                                                 MgO (magnesium oxide)       1.0%               7.1%
                CaO                 40 - 52
                                                                 CaCO3 Equivalent (CCE)     93.0%               55.32%
                SiO2               10 - 19                       Pass 20 Mesh               98.0%               66.58%
                FeO                10 - 40                       Pass 60 Mesh               80.0%               29.80%
                MnO                  5-8                         Pass 100 Mesh               56.0%              22.77%
                MgO                 5 - 10
               Al2O3                 1-3
                                                                    For more information about purchasing AgSlag
                                                                 (approximately $7.00/ton) and using this local agricultural
                P2O5                0.5 - 1
                                                                 lime/fertilizer product contact Matt Kerins, Aggregate sales for
                 S                  < 0.1                        Phoenix Services at mattk@phxslag.com or 610-334-8929.
             Metallic Fe           0.5 - 10
                                                                22
                                                                                Operations       County          and 29,
                                                                                using            Extension       February 5,
                                                                                Manure and       Office          10 17 (exam),
                                                                                Fertilizer                       24 & 26 (plan
                                                                                                                 writing)


           FARMER TRAINING &                                         Day Classes 9:00 am – 4:30 pm ($35 total, $15 for
                                                                     lunch on first day & $20 for certification exam)
             CERTIFICATION
           Write Your Own Nutrient
                                                                               #3   Crop            UM Wye          January 13
              Management Plan                                                       Operations      Research        and 21 (exam)
  The Farmer Training and Certification course provides an                          using Litter    and             (snow dates
opportunity for farmers to learn how to write nutrient                              and             Education       January 16 and
management plans for their own operations. As a producer,                           Fertilizer      Center          28)
you have first hand knowledge of your own crops, animals,                                                           February 3
                                                                               #4   Crop            Washington
and equipment. Who better to write your nutrient
                                                                                    Operations      County          and 11 (exam)
management plan than you? This course will teach you how
                                                                                    using           Extension       (snow dates
to do it!
You will receive:
                                                                                    Manure and      Office          February 6 and
     A comprehensive training binder – that will be                                Fertilizer                      18)
          used during the class, serve as a reference during
          the exam, and as a valuable resource when you
          write future plans for your operation.
     Certification – producers who pass the exam will
          be certified by MDA to write their own nutrient
          management plans.
     Voucher training credits – this class will fulfill the
          nutrient applicator voucher training requirements.
     A discount – on the purchase price NuManPro,                       Emerald Ash Borer Survey and
          Maryland‟s nutrient management planning software.
You will have the opportunity to:
                                                                          Eradication Updates - MDA
     Complete a nutrient management plan for your                       http://www.mda.state.md.us/plants-pests/eab/current.php/
          operation that meets MDA regulations.
         In order to work on your own plan, you need to
          begin gathering information now. You will need a           August 26, 2008 UPDATE
          map or sketch of your operation, soil tests that are
                                                                     On Friday, August 15, 2008, suspect EAB infested ash
          less than two years old and a recent manure
                                                                     trees were discovered a little over two miles south of the
          analysis (if manure is applied to your land). Contact
                                                                     eradication zone in Charles County. The identification was
          your county Extension office if you need assistance
                                                                     confirmed as EAB by the USDA on Monday, August 25.
          with this.
                                                                     This infestation was discovered while MDA crews were
Registration Information
                                                                     surveying in a ½ mile radius of the previously reported
     Space is limited and applications are accepted on a
                                                                     June 25 prism trap catch. Other traps in Prince George's
          first-come basis; therefore, register early.
                                                                     (outside of the active project area) and Charles Counties
          Registrations must be received 10 days before the
                                                                     are negative to date, including several 1-2 miles away from
          first class. For more information, please call (410)
                                                                     this site.
          841-5959. Classes will be cancelled if there is lack of
          interest.                                                  The Secretary of Agriculture issued a revised
                                                                     quarantine order on August 26, 2008 to encompass
Evening Classes 7–9 pm $20 for certification exam                    Charles Co., and extend the nested quarantine into
     #1 Diverse              Frederick  October 21,                  the northern part of Charles County. This action has
        Operations           County     23, 28 and 30,               been taken to prevent the movement of EAB infested
        (pastured            Extension  November 5                   material from Charles County and according to federal
        animals,             Office     (exam), 10 &                 protocols. The Infested Area has further restrictions to
        vegetables &                    12 (plan                     prevent the movement of at risk material from the known
        flowers)                        writing)                     core area of the EAB infestation.
     #2 Crop                 Montgomery January 27
                                                                    23
We are currently continuing to assess the situation,                          Jane Lawton
including sending samples to the USDA to determine the                       Farm to School
age of the infestation, conducting delimiting survey in the
area to get a better idea of how widespread it is, and                          Program
assembling a MD team to work with the USDA Science                          Maryland Homegrown
Panel and Management Team to determine the next steps
for the Maryland project.                                                    School Lunch Week
                                                                                September 22 – 26, 2008

JULY 23, 2008 UPDATE                                                A new initiative being implemented by the Maryland
                                                               Department of Agriculture, the Maryland State Board of
One of the purple prism traps placed in the 1-mile grid        Education and other organizations and individuals will bring
survey in Prince George's County has caught one adult          more Maryland-grown products to school lunch rooms and
EAB. The trap was serviced June 25, 2008. It is 3.4 miles      help educate students about where their food comes, how it is
from any previously known infested tree in the EZ (see         produced, and the benefits of a healthy diet. The Jane
map) and about .4 mi. from the Charles County line. We         Lawton Farm to School Program, so named in honor of the
are currently conducting surveys and working with the          late Maryland House of Delegates member Jane Lawton of
national EAB Science Panel and Management Team to              District 18, Montgomery County, was created during the 2008
determine the best course of action. To date, no other sign    Session of the Maryland General Assembly and SB 158 Farm-
of EAB has been found in the area and, of 954 traps            to-School Program – Activities and Promotional Events,
statewide, this is the only positive outside of the EZ. We     sponsored by Senator Jamie Raskin, was signed into law by
will post new information on this site as it becomes           the Governor in May. In addition to facilitating the
available.                                                     procurement of local Maryland produce for school menus, the
                                                               bill also creates a Maryland Homegrown School Lunch Week to
We have had several inquiries about the status of our          promote Maryland agriculture through school meal and
program in Maryland in light of the recent Virginia EAB        classroom programs and interaction between students and
detections. We are currently continuing with ongoing           local farmers.
surveys as planned. We are in contact with the Virginia             In 2008, Maryland Homegrown School Lunch Week will be
Department of Ag. and Consumer Services (VDACS) and            held September 22nd through September 26th with a kickoff
national EAB Program and will re-assess the situation as it    event tentatively scheduled for Tuesday, September 23rd at
is warranted based on survey results both in VA and MD. A      Takoma Park Middle School in Montgomery County. The
combined VA MD map is posted for reference.                    program will also provide educational materials for teachers to
                                                               integrate into their lessons to help students make the
                                                               connection between their lunch menus and the agricultural
           MACS Manual Now Online                              process. Thus far, Montgomery, Cecil, Carroll, and Anne
    The Maryland Agricultural Water Quality Cost-Share         Arundel Counties are planning to feature local products in
(MACS) Program provides farmers with grants for up to          their menus during Homegrown School Lunch Week, and
87.5 percent of the cost to install conservation measures      other school systems have expressed interest in participating.
known as best management practices (BMPs) on their farms
to prevent soil erosion, manage nutrients and safeguard        Supply local products to schools
water quality in streams, rivers and the Chesapeake Bay.            If you are a farmer, complete and return the “Producer
There are more than 30 BMPs currently eligible for funding     Survey” to let us know what products you can provide in
under this program, including cover crops, waste storage       September, or contact your school or county food service
structures, and streamside buffers.                            office directly. If you are a wholesale distributor, let your
    Throughout its history, MACS has been a leader in          clients know what Maryland products you can provide during
helping farmers protect soil and water resources by            Maryland Homegrown School Lunch Week. If you are a
providing conservation grants to install tried and true        distributor or a school buyer, contact us to find more local
conservation measures as well as innovative, state-of-the-     farmers to meet your needs.
art practices. Click here to learn more.                             For more information on the Jane Lawton Farm to School
                                                               Program, or to complete the producer survey visit
                                                               www.marylandsbest.net/farm2school or call 410-841-
                                                               5770.




                                                              24
  The Fall 2008 issue of the “Mastering Marketing”
quarterly newsletter has been posted to the web at
http://www.agmarketing.umd.edu/Newsletters/AgMktgN
ewsFall2008.pdf
 Topics in this issue include:
· On-Farm Processing Educational Opportunity
· The Farmer’s Share
· The Inside Quote
· Send in Your Tips
· FYI
· Web Resources
Mastering Marketing is published quarterly by the University
of Maryland Cooperative Extension. It is written and edited
by Ginger S. Myers, Regional Marketing Specialist, at the
Western Maryland Research and Education Center
(WMREC), 18330 Keedysville Road, Keedysville, MD 21756,
tel. 301.432.2767 x338; e-mail                                              Nutrient Management Update
gsmyers@umd.edu or sbarnes6@umd.edu.                                                           Krista Mitchell
Visit http://AgMarketing.umd.edu for more information                                 Nutrient Management Advisor,
on the agricultural marketing program. For more                                     Anne Arundel & Howard Counties
information on WMREC, visit http://wmrec.umd.edu.                      During my 8-years with MCE, Maryland‟s Nutrient
                                                                    Management Regulations and the nutrient management plans
Please enjoy the following “Mastering Marketing”                    that fall under these regulations have changed only slightly;
excerpts:                                                           however, the premise that most producers need a plan update
                                                                    every year has not changed. With that being said, not every
                                                                    client needs to come to me on January 1st to have his or her
                                                                    plan written. In order to accommodate all of my clients, I
                                                                    have decided to space out my plan-writing as follows:
                                                                     For producers who do not apply manure, please come and
  Maryland’s Online Farmer’s Market-                                    see me now or within the next couple of months for plan
            Foodtrader.org                                              writing.
The Environmental Finance Center located at the University           For producers who use commercial fertilizer, you need to
of Maryland announces the launch of Foodtrader.org, a                   have an updated nutrient management plan in your hands
virtual farmer‟s market that will connect both buyers and               when you order your fertilizer; therefore, please see me
sellers with local food as soon as it is harvested. In concert          before the first of the year (or sooner, if possible).
with its sister site Agtrader.org, Foodtrader.org will give          For all of my clients, please do not wait until April or May
consumers access to the rich diversity of agricultural                  to call me for a plan because plans cannot legally be
resources within the state of Maryland.                                 written after nutrients have been applied. If you wait until
                                                                        these months to call me, unfortunately you will be out of
With Foodtrader.org, farmers can create an instantaneous                compliance and subject to Maryland Department of
listing that will identify the description, quantity, price, and        Agriculture enforcement actions.
location of their items. Consumers can search listings within           After January 1st, I will be focusing on larger farms that are
specific categories and communicate directly with the               more complex and need field assessments, such as the
farmer to buy the food at the farm, at a farmers market or          Phosphorus Site Index, conducted. I will also need to focus
at another prearranged location. This site also allows for          on those farms that are listed in order on the Maryland
producers and consumers to post listing for events and              Department of Agriculture‟s “Planning Priorities” list. This list,
wanted items. It is a free website for Maryland that                which mandates the order of my clients‟ plan-writing needs, is
complements the Maryland Department of Agriculture‟s                as follows for 2009:
“Maryland‟s Best” program.                                          1. Any farm that has pollution problems or any client who is
                                                                        deemed non-compliant by MDA enforcement procedures is
For any questions regarding Foodtrader.org, please contact              automatically moved to the top of my list;
Joanne Throwe at 301/405-5036.                                      2. Farmers who participate in the Manure Transport Project
                                                                        and/or those who have a MACS application pending for an


                                                                   25
        animal waste storage structure or poultry mortality
        composter;
                                                                                                           4-H News
                                                                                                      Patrick Thompson, 4-H FEA,
    3. Existing clientele with animal operations who had their
                                                                                                               University of Maryland
        expired plan written by me; and
                                                                                                Are you between 8 and 18 or know someone who
    4. First come, first serve for any other farmer who must
                                                                                                is? If so have you considered joining 4-H? The
        comply with the Water Quality Improvement Act.
                                                                                                Anne Arundel County 4-H program is growing and
        I‟d like to remind everyone that I am shared with
                                                                                   is always looking for new members and volunteers. The
    Howard County, so that only gives me roughly 10 days a
                                                                                   program has community clubs located throughout Anne
    month in the Anne Arundel County office. Also, please keep
                                                                                   Arundel County but is also looking for volunteers and
    in mind that I need at least 2 weeks to write your plan, get
                                                                                   members to lead new groups. There are a variety of projects
    it reviewed, and schedule an appointment to go over it with
                                                                                   members can participate in including animal science,
    you. If every client comes to me at the first of January,
                                                                                   environmental sciences and human sciences. We are also
    there is simply not enough time for me to write plans for all
                                                                                   looking for adults to do seminars or presentations to help 4-
    of my clients in two counties by February. So, again, please
                                                                                   Hers learn how they can further their projects. To receive
    look at my proposed plan-writing timeline above and come
                                                                                   more information, please contact Patrick Thompson in the
    in at the appropriate time. By following this schedule, you
                                                                                   Anne Arundel Extension Office at 410-222-6759 or at:
    are not only ensuring that you will have an updated nutrient
                                                                                   pet@umd.edu.
    management plan when you need it, but you are helping
    ensure that your neighbors will have a timely nutrient
    management plan as well. And that‟s good for all of us!                                         Thanks for Partnering
                                                                                     Thanks for partnering with the Maryland Cooperative
    Check Out Our Updated County Website                                           Extension, and supporting our programs. I also hope you
                                                                                   enjoy this newsletter. If you are no longer interested in
       Visit us in Cyberspace!!!                                                   receiving this newsletter, please call or write the office for the
    Christie Germuth is our website designer.                                      removal of your name from the mailer.
    Christie has recently updated our
    website, and we hope that you find the
    additions helpful.
    Anne Arundel County Extension
    website: http://annearundel.umd.edu/

    The current and past agricultural newsletter
    additions are available for viewing or copy at:                                Time to Pluck Up!
    http://annearundel.umd.edu/AGNR/agnews.cfm

    An agricultural bulletin page is also available for
    viewing or copy under our hot topics section at:
    http://annearundel.umd.edu/AGNR/agbulletins.cfm
                                                                                   R. David Myers, Extension Educator
    New on the website 2008: Anne Arundel County                                   Agriculture and Natural Resources
    Agricultural Program Teaching Modules - Streaming                              Anne Arundel & Prince George’s Counties
    Video: http://annearundel.umd.edu/Agriculture.cfm

    Also relive the history of Extension and University of                         NACAA Communication Award
    Maryland College of Agriculture Land Grant Mission                             Individual Newsletter
                                                                                   2002 National Winner
    by viewing the 150 Years Anniversary PowerPoint:
    http://annearundel.umd.edu/files/University%20of%20                            Prince George’s Cooperative Extension
    Maryland%20150%20Year%20Anniversary.pps                                        6707 Groveton Drive
                                                                                   Clinton, MD 20735
                                                                                   301 868-8783

                                                                                   Anne Arundel Cooperative Extension
                              ®
                                                                                   7320 Ritchie Highway, Suite 210
Note: Registered Trade Mark Products, Manufacturers, or Companies                  Glen Burnie, MD 21061
mentioned within this newsletter are not to be considered as sole endorsements.    410 222-6759 or 301 970-8250
The information has been provided for educational purposes only.




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