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Los Angeles Police Department

Los Angeles Police Department
For other police services named after the county or city of Los Angeles see: Los Angeles Police
Motto Agency Overview Formed Los Angeles Police Department Abbreviation LAPD Employees Annual Budget Legal personality 1869 13,036 $1.4 Billion Governmental: Government agency To Protect and to Serve

Jurisdictional Structure Operations jurisdiction* Size Population Legal jurisdiction Governing body General nature City of Los Angeles in the state of California, United States 475 mi² (1,230 km²) 3.8 million City of Los Angeles, California Los Angeles City Council • Law enforcement • Local civilian police

LAPD Traffic Division shoulder Patch

Operational Structure Overviewed by Headquarters Police Officers Seal of the Los Angeles Police Department Unsworn members Commissioners responsible Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners Parker Center 9,900 3,263 • Anthony Pacheco, President • John Mack, VicePresident • Andrea Ordin • Robert M. Saltzman • Alan J. Skobin William J. Bratton, Chief of Police 19 Emergency Services Major Crimes Special Operations Support Metropolitan Air Support Emergency Operations Robbery-Homicide Commercial Crimes

Agency executive Divisions

Badge of the Los Angeles Police Department.

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Jail Juvenile Detective Support Vice Narcotics Scientific Investigations LAX Field Services Central Traffic South Traffic Valley Traffic West Traffic Bureaus 6 Central South Valley West Detective Special Operations

Los Angeles Police Department
enforcement agency in the United States (behind the New York City Police Department, California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Chicago Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

History
The first specific Los Angeles police force was founded in 1853 as the Los Angeles Rangers, a volunteer force that assisted the existing County forces.[1][2] The Rangers were soon succeeded by the Los Angeles City Guards, another volunteer group. Neither force was particularly efficient and Los Angeles became known for its violence, gambling and "vice".[1] The first paid force was created in 1869, when six officers were hired to serve under City Marshal William C. Warren.[1] By 1900, under John M. Glass, there were 70 officers, one for every 1,500 people. In 1903, with the start of the Civil Service, this force was increased to 200.[1] During World War II, under Clemence B. Horrall, the overall number of personnel was depleted by the demands of the military.[3] Despite efforts to maintain numbers, the police could do little to control the 1943 Zoot Suit Riots. [3] Horrall was replaced by a retired Marine general, William A. Worton, who acted as interim chief until 1950, when William H. Parker succeeded him and would serve until his death in 1966. Parker advocated police professionalism and autonomy from civilian administration. However, the Bloody Christmas scandal in 1951 led to calls for civilian accountability and an end to alleged police brutality.[4] Under Parker, LAPD also formed the first SWAT (Special Weapons and Tactics) team in United States law enforcement[5][6] Officer John Nelson and then-inspector Daryl Gates created the program in 1965 to deal with threats from radical organizations such as the Black Panther Party operating during the Vietnam War era.[5]

Facilities Areas 21 Central Rampart Southwest Hollenbeck Harbor Hollywood Wilshire West Los Angeles Van Nuys West Valley Northeast 77th Street Newton Pacific North Hollywood Foothill Devonshire Southeast Mission Olympic Topanga 2 26 3

Police Boats Helicopters Planes Website

http://www.lapdonline.org/ Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

Fallen officers
The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) is the police department of the city of Los Angeles, California. With nearly 9,900 officers and more than 3,000 civilian staff, covering an area of 473 square miles (1,230 km2) with a population of more than 3.8 million people, it is the fifth-largest law Since the establishment of the Los Angeles Police Department, 200 officers have died in the line of duty. [7] The Los Angeles Police Memorial is a monument outside Parker Center, the LAPD’s headquarters, and was unveiled on October 1, 1971.[8] The

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Cause of deaths Aircraft accident Automobile accident Bicycle accident Bomb Electrocuted Fall Fire Gunfire Gunfire (Accidental) Heart attack Motorcycle accident Struck by streetcar Struck by train Struck by vehicle Train accident Training accident Vehicle pursuit Vehicular assault monument is a fountain made from black granite, the base of which is inscribed with the names of the LAPD officers who have died while serving the City of Los Angeles.[8] The cause of deaths are as follows:

Los Angeles Police Department
Number of deaths 8 28 1 2 1 1 1 99 4 3 35 1 4 4 1 1 2 4

Organization
The Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners is a five-member body of appointed officials which oversees the LAPD.[9] The board is responsible for setting policies for the department and overseeing the LAPD’s overall management and operations. The Chief of Police reports to the board, but the rest of the department reports to the chief.[10] The headquarters for the LAPD is the Parker Center, named after former chief William H. Parker. A new headquarters building is currently being constructed.[11]

Office of Operations
The majority of the LAPD’s 9800 officers are assigned within the Office of Operations, located in the Parker Center.[12] An Assistant Chief commands the office, and reports directly to the Chief of Police. The LAPD comprises 21 stations, known officially as "Areas" but also commonly referred to as Parker Center - LAPD’s Headquarters "Divisions."[13] The 21 stations are then grouped geographically into four command areas, each known as a "Bureau."[13] There

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are two additional bureaus, the Detective Bureau and the Special Operations Bureau. The latest areas, "Olympic" and "Topanga," were added on January 4, 2009, bringing the total to 21 stations.[14]

Los Angeles Police Department
• Mounted Unit • K-9 Unit • Administrative Unit (A Platoon)

Operations-Central Bureau

Detective Bureau
The Detective Bureau, which now reports directly to the Chief of Police, is responsible for investigating crimes.[15] It consists of:[16] • COMPSTAT • Investigative Analysis Section • Scientific Investigation Division • Robbery-Homicide Division • Commercial Crimes Division • Detective Support and Vice Division • Juvenile Division • Gang and Narcotics Division • Real-time Analysis and Critical Response Division

Central Facilities Building The Central Bureau is responsible for downtown Los Angeles and East Los Angeles[20], and is the most densely populated of the four patrol bureaus.[20] It consists of five patrol divisions and a traffic division, which handles traffic-related duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citations/tickets.[21]

COMPSTAT Unit
See also: COMPSTAT The computer statistics unit (COMPSTAT), reports directly to the Chief of Detectives. The COMPSTAT unit maintains statistical crime data and hold weekly meetings with the Chief of Police to review the data. COMPSTAT is the LAPD’s version of the NYPD CompStat unit, which was originally developed in 1994 by current LAPD Chief William Bratton, while he was still the NYPD Police Commissioner.[17] When Bratton became chief of the LAPD in 2002, he immediately implemented the COMPSTAT system in the LAPD.[18]

Central Division
The Central Area (#1) station serves the vast majority of downtown Los Angeles, including Los Angeles City Hall, the Los Angeles Convention Center, the Staples Center, the Fashion District, and the Financial District.[22]

Hollenbeck Division
The Hollenbeck Area (#4) community police station serves the easternmost portions of the city of Los Angeles, including the communities of Boyle Heights, Lincoln Heights, and El Sereno.[23]

Special Operations Bureau
The Special Operations Bureau provides the Los Angeles Police Department specialized tactical resources in support of operations during daily field activities, unusual occurrences and, especially, during serious disturbances and elevated terrorism threat conditions.[19]

Newton Division
The Newton Area (#13) serves South Los Angeles, as well as portions of downtown Los Angeles, including part of the Fashion District. [24]

Structure of the Special Operations Bureau
• Air Support Division • Emergency Operations Division • Metropolitan Division • (2) Crime Suppression Platoons (B and C Platoon) • Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) (D Platoon)

Northeast Division
The Northeast Area (#11) is responsible for parts of central Los Angeles including Elysian Park (Dodger Stadium) and Silver Lake, along with the easternmost parts of Los Feliz and Hollywood, as well as the northeast Los

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Angeles communities of Highland Park, Eagle Rock, and Glassell Park.[25]

Los Angeles Police Department

Harbor Division
The Harbor Area (#5) serves all of San Pedro, Wilmington and the Harbor Gateway annex south of Artesia Boulevard. This division often works with the Port of Los Angeles Police.[31] The 260 patrol officers, detectives and support staff are operated out of the new $40-million, 50,000-square-foot police station, which was opend on Friday, April 25, 2009. It is located at 2175 John S. Gibson Blvd.[32]

Rampart Division

Southeast Division
See also: Stanley Miller arrest controversy The Southeast Area (#18), like the 77th Street Division, patrols a part of South Los Angeles.[33] Their area extends to the city limits north of Artesia Boulevard, includes Watts, and areas south of Manchester Avenue.[34]

The New Rampart Police Station See also: Rampart scandal The Rampart Area (#2) serves regions to the west and northwest of Downtown Los Angeles including Echo Park, Pico-Union and Westlake, all together designated as the Rampart Division’s patrol area.[26] It was the Rampart Division building, which was newly constructed at the time, that served as the home station in the Jack Webb created police drama Adam-12, although the show used the number designation (1), for Central Division.

Southwest Division
The Southwest Area (#3) serves all of the city limits south of the Santa Monica Freeway, west of the Harbor Freeway, north of Vernon Avenue, and east of the Culver City/Lennox/Baldwin Hills area.[35] This section also includes the University of Southern California and Exposition Park.[36]

Operations-South Bureau
The South Bureau oversees South Los Angeles with the exception of Inglewood[27] and Compton, which are both separate cities that maintain their own law enforcement agencies (in Compton’s case, a contract with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department).[28] The South Bureau consists of four patrol divisions and a traffic division, which handles traffic-related duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citations/tickets.[29]

Operations-Valley Bureau
The Valley Bureau is the largest of the four patrol bureaus in terms of size (about 221 square miles)[37], and oversees operations within the San Fernando Valley.[37] It consists of seven patrol divisions and a traffic division, which handles traffic-related duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citations/tickets.[38]

Mission Division
The Mission Area (#19) community police station began operations in May 2005. This was the first new station to be created in more than a quarter of a century. The Mission Area covers the eastern half of the old Devonshire and the western half of the Foothill divisions in the San Fernando Valley, including Mission Hills and Panorama City.[39]

77th Street Division
The 77th Street Area (#12) serves a portion of South Los Angeles, roughly in an area south of Vernon Avenue, west of the Harbor Freeway, north of Manchester Avenue and points west to the city limits, including the Crenshaw region. A section of South Central Los Angeles that borders Florence, Central and Manchester Avenues to the Harbor Freeway is also part of this division. [30]

Devonshire Division
The Devonshire Area (#17) is responsible for the northwestern parts of the San Fernando Valley, including parts of Chatsworth and Northridge[40]

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Los Angeles Police Department
region, including Koreatown, Mid-City, Carthay, and the Fairfax District.[51]

Foothill Division
The Foothill Area (#16) patrols parts of the San Fernando Valley (including Sylmar and Sun Valley) and the Crescenta Valley (including Sunland-Tujunga).[41]

Pacific Division
The Pacific Area (#14) community police station serves the southern portion of West Los Angeles, including Venice Beach, Venice and Playa del Rey. Some officers assigned to the Pacific Division are commonly assigned to work with the Los Angeles Airport Police at the Los Angeles International Airport.[52] Pacific Division was formerly known as "Venice Division."

North Hollywood Division
See also: North Hollywood shootout The North Hollywood Area (#15) is responsible for Studio City and the North Hollywood region.[42]

Van Nuys Division
The Van Nuys Area (#9) serves the area of Van Nuys, California.[43]

West Los Angeles Division
The West Los Angeles Area (#8) community police station serves the northern portion of the West Side.[53] Communities within its service area include Pacific Palisades, Century City, Brentwood, Westwood, West Los Angeles and Cheviot Hills. UCLA and Twentieth Century Fox are both located here.[54]

West Valley Division
The West Valley Area (#10) is responsible for parts of the San Fernando Valley, including parts of Northridge and Reseda, where it is based.[44]

Topanga Division
The Topanga (#21) community police station began operations on January 4, 2009.[14] It is responsible for parts of the San Fernando Valley that are within the city’s 3rd Council District (represented by former officer Dennis Zine), including Woodland Hills and Canoga Park, where it is based.[45]

Olympic Division

Operations - West Bureau
The West Bureau’s operations cover most of the well-known areas of Los Angeles, including Hollywood, the Hollywood Hills area, the UCLA campus and Venice.[46] This does not include Beverly Hills[47] and Santa Monica,[48] which are separate from Los Angeles and maintain their own law enforcement agencies. The West Bureau consists of five patrol divisions and a traffic division, which handles traffic-related duties such as accident investigation and the issuing of citations/tickets.[49]

One of the LAPD’s newest stations, Olympic Station The Olympic (#20) community police station opened its doors on January 4, 2009, with an open house on January 17. The Olympic Area will be a small section of the Hollywood Division, and is composed of areas from Rampart and Wilshire divisions.[55][14] It provides services to a 6.2-square-mile area of the Mid-City region, including Koreatown and a section of the Miracle Mile, with a population of 200,000.[55] The 54,000-squarefoot station is located at the southeast corner of Vermont Avenue and Eleventh Street and houses 293 officers. The construction cost was $34 million.

Hollywood Division
The Hollywood Area (#6) community police station serves the Hollywood region, including the Hollywood Hills, Hollywood Boulevard and the Sunset Strip.[50]

Wilshire Division
The Wilshire Area (#7) community police station serves the Mid-Wilshire "Miracle Mile"

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Central Bureau Central Area Hollenbeck Area Newton Area Northeast Area Rampart Area South Bureau 77th Street Area Harbor Area Southeast Area Southwest Area Valley Bureau Devonshire Area Foothill Area Mission Area

Los Angeles Police Department
West Bureau Hollywood Area Pacific Area West Los Angeles Area Wilshire Area

North Hollywood Area Van Nuys Area West Valley Area

Title Chief Assistant Chief / Deputy Chief II Deputy Chief I Commander Captain I / Captain II / Captain III Lieutenant I / Lieutenant II Detective III

Insignia

Sergeant II

Detective II

Sergeant I

Detective I Police Officer III+1 / Senior Lead Officer Police Officer III Police Officer I / Police Officer II

Structure Organizational notes
The Real-Time Analysis & Critical Response Division began operations in March 2006. It is composed of the Department Operations Section, which includes the Department Operations Center Unit, Department Operations Support Unit and the Incident Command Post Unit; Detective Support Section and the Crime Analysis Section.[56]

Rank structure and insignia
Rank insignia for Lieutenant I and up are metal pins worn on the collars of the shirt and the shoulders of the jacket. Rank insignia for Sergeant II and below are embroidered chevrons worn on the upper sleeves. Tenured officers will have silver-gray hash-marks on the lower left side of their long-sleeved shirts. Each mark represents five years of service.

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Los Angeles Police Department

Chiefs of Police
Further information: List of Los Angeles Police Department Chiefs of Police Since 1876, there have been 53 appointed chiefs of the Los Angeles Police Department. William H. Parker was the longest serving police chief in Los Angeles Police Department history, serving for 16 years as chief.[57]

Racial and gender composition
During the Parker-Davis-Gates period, the LAPD was overwhelmingly white (80% in 1980), and many officers resided outside of the city.[60] Simi Valley, the Ventura County suburb that later became infamous as the site of the state trial that immediately preceded the 1992 Los Angeles riots, has long been home to a particularly large concentration of LAPD officers, almost all of them white.[60] A 1994 ACLU study of officers’ home zip codes, concluded that over 80% of police officers lived outside city boundaries.[60] Hiring quotas began to change this during the 1980s, but it was not until the Christopher Commission reforms that substantial numbers of African-American, Hispanic, and Asian officers began to join the force. Minority officers can be found in both rank-and-file and leadership positions in virtually all divisions, and the LAPD is starting to reflect the general population. The LAPD hired the first female police officer in the United States in 1910, Ms Alice Stebbins Wells.[61] Since then, women have been a small, but growing part of the force. Through the early 1970s, women were classified as "policewomen" on the LAPD.[62] Through the 1950s, their duties generally consisted as working as matrons in the jail system, or dealing with troubled youths working in detective assignments.[62] Rarely did they work any type of field assignment and they were not allowed to promote above the rank of sergeant.[62] However, a lawsuit by a policewoman, Fanchon Blake, from the 1980s instituted court ordered mandates that the department begin actively hiring and promoting women police officers in its ranks.[62] The department eliminated the rank of "Policeman" from new hires at that time along with the rank of "Policewoman."[62] Anyone already in those positions was grandfathered in, but new hires were classified instead as "Police Officers," which continues to this day.[62] In 2002, women made up 18.9% of the force. Women have made significant strides within the ranks of the department since the days of the Fanchon Blake lawsuit. The highest ranking woman in the department today is Assistant Chief Sharon Papa, who came to the LAPD as a Commander from the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s

Staffing
Limitations
The Los Angeles Police Department has suffered from chronic underfunding and under-staffing recently.[58]. Compared to most other large cities in the United States, Los Angeles has historically had one of the lowest ratios of police personnel to population served.[58] Chief of Police William J. Bratton has made enlarging the force one of his top priorities (Bratton has been quoted as saying, "You give me 4,000 more officers and I’ll give you the safest city in the world").[59] The Los Angeles Police Department protects its city with only one officer for every 426 residents.[58] As a point of comparison, New York City boasts one NYPD officer for every 228 residents.[58] For Los Angeles to have the same ratio of officers as New York City, the LAPD would need to add nearly 17,000 officers. Further points of comparison include Chicago, which has a ratio of one officer per 216 citizens and Philadelphia, whose officer per citizen ratio is 1 to 219.[58] The department is in the middle of a massive recruiting effort, looking to hire an additional 1,500 police officers. As of spring 2008, the LAPD was offering as much as $54,475-58,881 to new recruits. (The NYPD offers new recruits substantially lower salaries, ranging from $35,881-$41,975.) One problem with such a drive is the lack of qualified candidates. Stringent hiring practices instituted by the department (following several accusations of corruption, including the Rampart scandal) has led to fewer than 1 in 10 initial applicants actually being hired. Also, the city has four specialized agencies, not directly affiliated with the LAPD, which serve the Port, the Airport, the City Hall, Library, and Zoo, and the Unified School District.

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Transit Police Department in 1997.[63] Chief Papa was the last Chief of Police from the MTA, and is now in charge of the Office of Support Services. [64] The LAPD also hired the first two known black police officers in the United States. In 1886, the department hired its first two African-American officers, Robert William Stewart and Roy Green. [65] According to the US Department of Justice, the LAPD was 82% male in 2000. 46% of the department was white, 33% of the department was Hispanic/Latino, 14% was African American, and 7% was Asian.[66]

Los Angeles Police Department

An LAPD Bell 206 JetRanger from 4 Bell 206 Jet Rangers to 12 Eurocopter AS350-B2 AStars, and 1 Bell UH-1 Huey (No longer in service due to maintenance issues). The LAPD also has 1 Beechcraft Kingair A200 and 1 unspecified and undenied drone.[71] Main Airship missions are flown out of downtown’s Piper Tech center at the Hooper Heliport, located outside of Union Station. The LAPD also houses air units at Van Nuys airport.[72]

Work environment
LAPD patrol officers have a three-day 12-hour and 4 day-10 hour work week schedule. The department has over 250 types of job assignments, and each officer is eligible for such assignments after two years on patrol. LAPD patrol officers almost always work with a partner, unlike most suburban departments surrounding the city of Los Angeles, which deploy officers in one-officer units in order to maximize police presence and to allow a smaller number of officers to patrol a larger area. The department’s training division has three facilities throughout the city, including Elysian Park, Ahmanson Recruit Training Center (Westchester), and the Edward Davis Training Center (Granada Hills).[67] Pay and benefits, however, are a plus to new LAPD officers, who are among some of the highest-paid police officers in the country. As of spring 2007, new recruits could earn money through sign on bonuses ranging from $5,000 to $10,000.[68][69] Sign on bonuses are paid 1/2 after graduation from the academy, and 1/2 after completion of probation.[69] Also, $2,000 could be added for out of town sign ons for housing arrangements.[69]

A LAPD Police car. Three vehicles are approved for use within the Los Angeles Police Department; they are the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, the Dodge Charger, and the Chevrolet Tahoe. The department is also testing the Chevrolet Impala in their fleet.[73][74][75]

Resources
For more details on this topic, see Los Angeles Police Department resources. The LAPD has vast resources, including the third largest civilian air force in the country.[70] Only the Civil Air Patrol and Office of CBP Air & Marine command a larger force. The Los Angeles Police Air Support Division resources include 17 helicopters ranging

Service weapons
Before 1988, LAPD officers were armed with the Smith & Wesson Model 10 .38 Special revolver or the Model 36 "Chief’s Special." In response to increasing firepower carried by criminals, including fully automatic weapons and assault rifles, LAPD patrol officers were issued Beretta 92FSs. Later, officers were

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able to carry the Smith & Wesson Model 5906, a semi-automatic 9mm pistol, in addition to a few other approved weapons. In response to the North Hollywood shootout of 1997, LAPD officers had the option of carrying the Smith & Wesson Model 4506 & 4566 service pistols. Chambered in .45 ACP, these firearms provided the officer with more stopping power than the standard-issue 9mm cartridge. Until 2002, LAPD officers standard issue pistol was the Beretta 92F. However, when William Bratton was appointed Chief of the LAPD, he allowed his officers to carry the Glock pistol, a weapon which the two previous departments he was chief at (NYPD and Boston PD) carried. New officers graduating from the LAPD academy are now issued the Glock 22 in .40 S&W. Officers now have the choice of carrying either the Glock 17 9mm, the Glock 22, or the Glock 21 in .45 ACP (only in SIS, the Special Investigation Section unit). The LAPD SWAT team decided to go with the Kimber Custom TLE II in 2002, renaming it the Kimber LAPD SWAT Custom II TLE.[76][77] Before that, LAPD SWAT carried modified Springfield or Colt M1911 pistols.[77]SWAT’s primary weapons are the Heckler & Koch MP5 series submachine guns and most officers choose the fixed stock A2 model. For assistant weapons, officers carry AR-15s and CAR-15s. They used United States Air Force model M16s in the 60’s and 70’s. In the 80’s and early 90’s they carried Colt RO727s and RO733s. In 2000 they imported the M4A1s. Now SWAT carry M4A1s and converted M16A2s. LAPD SWAT uses two shotguns, the Remington 870 (mostly for non-combat usages) and the Benelli M1 Super 90 Entry (for combat). In addition, the Remington 870 or Ithaca 37 12 gauge shotguns are carried in most patrol vehicles and qualified personnel may carry the Colt AR-15 semi-automatic rifle in .223 Remington which are military surplus rifles, introduced after the 1997 North Hollywood shootout.

Los Angeles Police Department
The medals that the LAPD awards to its officers are as follows:

Bravery
• (Solid blue and white ribbon):

The Los Angeles Police Department Medal of Valor is the highest law enforcement medal awarded to officers by the Los Angeles Police Department. The Medal of Valor is an award for bravery, usually awarded to officers for individual acts of extraordinary bravery or heroism performed in the line of duty at extreme and life-threatening personal risk.[78][79][80] • :

The Liberty Award, an award for bravery, was created in 1990 and has only been awarded once in the Department’s history. It is a medal for police canines who are killed or seriously injured in the line of duty. The award is named after Liberty, a Metropolitan Division K-9 who was shot and killed in the line of duty. Liberty’s handler received the Medal of Valor for the same incident.[78][80] • :

The Police Medal is an award for bravery, usually awarded to officers for individual acts of heroism in the line of duty, though not above and beyond the call of duty, as is required for the Medal of Valor.[78][80] • :

The Police Star is an award for bravery, usually awarded to officers for performing with exceptional judgment and/or utilizing skillful tactics in order to diffuse dangerous and stressful situations.[78][80] • :

LAPD awards, commendations, citations and medals
The department presents a number of medals to its members for meritorious service.[78]

The Police Life-Saving Medal is an award for bravery, usually awarded to officers for taking action in order to rescue or attempt the rescue of either a fellow officer or any person from imminent danger.[78]

Service
Police Distinguished Service Medal[78]

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Los Angeles Police Department
Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1994 Northridge Earthquake from January 17 to January 18, 1994.[78][84] • :

Police Meritorious Service Medal[78]

Police Meritorious Achievement Medal[78]

Awarded for 4000 hours of service as a Reserve Police officer.

Controversy
Police Commission Medal[78] Distinguished Service

Riots of 1992
See also: Christopher Commission The Los Angeles riots of 1992, also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, began on April 29, 1992 when a jury acquitted four LAPD police officers accused in the videotaped beating of black motorist Rodney King following a highspeed pursuit on March 3, 1991. [85][86] Immediately following the King incident, the Christopher Commission was formed in July 1991.[87] The commission, chaired by attorney Warren Christopher (who later became U.S. Secretary of State),[88] investigated the LAPD’s hiring practices, as well as their handling of excessive force complaints.[87] However, with the election of Richard Riordan in 1992 before the verdict, the reforms recommended by Christopher were put on hold. After seven days of jury deliberations, the jury acquitted all four officers of assault and acquitted three of the four of using excessive force. The evening after the verdict, thousands of people in the Los Angeles area rioted over the six days following the verdict. Widespread looting, assault, arson, and murder occurred, and property damages totaled one billion dollars. In all, 53 people died during the riots.[89]

Community Policing Medal[78]

Human Relations Medal[78]

Unit Citations
Police Commission Unit Citation[78]

Police Meritorious Unit Citation[78]

Ribbons
• :

Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1984 Summer Olympics from July 28 to August 12, 1984.[78][81] • :

Given to LAPD officers who were used during the September 1987 pastoral visit of Pope John Paul II.[78][82] • :

Rampart scandal and consent decree
See also: Consent decree Following the Rampart Division C.R.A.S.H. scandal of the late 1990s - early 2000s, the United States Department of Justice entered into a consent decree with the LAPD regarding numerous civil rights violations.[90] Mayor Richard J. Riordan and the Los Angeles city council agreed to the terms of the decree on November 2, 2000. The federal judge formally entered the decree into law on June

Given to any LAPD officer who saw service during the 1992 Los Angeles riots from April 29 to May 4, 1992.[78][83] • :

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15, 2001. The consent decree is legally binding and will last until at least 2009.[91] However, if any judge finds the LAPD in violation of the decree, federal oversight of the LAPD could be extended beyond this current deadline. The Rampart scandal mainly surrounded the unethical and illegal actions of members of the LAPD’s anti-gang unit, Community Resources Against Street Hoodlums (CRASH). By 2001, the resulting investigations would lead to more than 75 officers being investigated or charged and over 100 criminal cases being overturned due to perjury or other forms of misconduct[92] The DOJ-LAPD Consent Decree places emphasis on the following nine major areas:[91] • Management and supervisory measures to promote Civil Rights Integrity • Critical incident procedures, documentation, investigation and review • Management of Gang Units • Management of Confidential Informants • Program development for response to persons with mental illness • Training • Integrity Audits • Operations of the Police Commission and Inspector General • Community outreach and public information The Consent Decree includes several recommendations from the Rampart Board of Inquiry, and several Consent Decree provisions mandate the Department to continue existing policies. Some of the more complex or major provisions in the Decree call for the following:[91] • Development of a Risk Management System • Creation of a new division to investigate all Uses of Force formerly investigated by Robbery Homicide Division and Detective Headquarters Division • Creation of a new division to conduct audits Department-wide • Creation of a Field Data Capture System to track the race, ethnicity or national origin of the motorists and pedestrians stopped by the Department • Creation of an Ethics Enforcement Section within the Internal Affairs Group • Transfer of investigative authority to IAG of all serious personnel complaint investigations

Los Angeles Police Department
• A nationwide study by an independent consultant of law enforcement agencies’ protocols for dealing with the mentally ill. The study will serve as the Department’s foundation for refining its own system. • A study by an independent consultant of the Department’s training programs • Creation of an informant manual and database There are several stakeholders in the LAPD Consent Decree compliance process. At the Federal level, stakeholders include:[91] • The United States Attorney General • the DOJ Civil Rights Division • the United States District Court of Jurisdiction • the Independent Monitor As the Consent Decree is a binding agreement between the City and the DOJ, the following City entities are key stakeholders:[91] • Office of the Mayor • City Council • Office of the City Attorney • Office of the Chief Legislative Analyst • Office of Administrative and Research Services • The Los Angeles Police Department, including the Board of Police Commissioners and the Inspector General The Consent Decree Bureau is the LAPD bureau charged with overseeing this process. Since 2003, The Commanding Officer of the Consent Decree Bureau, a civilian appointed by the Chief of Police, is Police Administrator Gerald L. Chaleff.[91][93]

Other controversies
See also: Wineville Chicken Coop Murders, Javier Ovando, MacArthur Park rallies controversy, and O. J. Simpson murder case Other controversies include former detective Mark Fuhrman’s role in the Nicole Simpson/ Ron Goldman murder investigation (1994),[94][95][96], as well as the Rampart Scandal-related Javier Ovando incident (In which Ovando, an unarmed teenage gang member, was shot, paralyzed, and framed by officers Rafael Perez and Nino Durden (1996)[97][98] and served 2 1/2 years of a 23 year sentence before being exonerated),[97], the controversy surrounding the arrest of Stanley Miller (2004), the shooting death of 19-month-old Suzie Pena, who was shot in the head by police while being used as a human shield by her father (2005), and the

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LAPD’s reaction to illegal immigrant rallies (2007).[99][100] In 1962, the controversial LAPD shooting of 7 unarmed members of the Nation of Islam resulted in the death of Ronald Stokes, and led to protests of the LAPD led by Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam.[101] In 1972, Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt was framed by members of both the LAPD and FBI, and his conviction was overturned on appeal on February 18, 1999.[102] In 1988, African-American baseball sportscaster and retired Baseball Hall of Fame player Joe Morgan was detained at Los Angeles International Airport by LAPD and L.A. Airport Police officers after falsely being identified as a drug dealer. [103] He was released when the LAPD realized their mistake in identity. Morgan subsequently filed a civil suit against both the LAPD and the city after he was denied the opportunity to file a formal complaint against the LAPD. The lawsuit would eventually be settled in 1993, and Morgan was awarded $800,000 by the Los Angeles City Council.[103] The widely-publicized case of Christine and Walter Collins was depicted in the 2008 film "Changeling" starring Angelina Jolie. In March 1928, Christine Collins reported her nine-year-old son, Walter, missing. Five months later a boy named Arthur Hutchins came forth claiming to be Walter. When Mrs. Collins tried to tell the police that the boy was not her son, she was committed to a mental institution under a Section 12 internment. Section 12 commitments were frequently used by the police department to silence anyone they found to be an embarrassment or inconvenience to the department. It was later determined that Walter had actually fallen victim to a child rapist/murderer in the infamous Wineville Chicken Coop Murders. Arthur Hutchins eventually admitted that he had lied about his identity in order to get to Hollywood and meet his favorite actor, Tom Mix.

Los Angeles Police Department
Blue, Lakeview Terrace and the Lethal Weapon and Rush Hour film series. The television series LAPD: Life On the Beat provided a more accurate depiction of the LAPD. The independently iconic television series Dragnet, with LAPD Detective Joe Friday as the primary character, was the first major media representation of the department.[106] Real LAPD operations inspired Jack Webb to create the series and close cooperation with department officers let him make it as realistic as possible, including authentic police equipment and sound recording on-site at the police station.[106] Due to Dragnet’s popularity, LAPD chief Parker "became, after J. Edgar Hoover, the most well known and respected law enforcement official in the nation."[106] In the 1960s, when the LAPD under Chief Thomas Reddin expanded its community relations division and began efforts to reach out to the black community, Dragnet followed suit with more emphasis on internal affairs and community policing than solving crimes, the show’s previous mainstay.[107] It has also been the subject of several novels, probably the most famous of which is L.A. Confidential, a novel by James Ellroy that was made into a film of the same name. Both chronicled mass-murder and corruption inside and outside the force during the Parker era. Critic Roger Ebert indicates that the film’s characters (from the 1950s) "represent the choices ahead for the LAPD": assisting Hollywood limelight, aggressive policing with relaxed ethics, and a "straight arrow" approach.[108] A Native-American LAPD detective is also featured in the novel Picture Perfect by Jodi Picoult.[109] L.A. Confidential is part of a modern trend of more negative portrayals of the department that started with the Rodney King beating and subsequent riots. Examples of this include Changeling, a 2008 film that depicts LAPD corruption in the late 1920s.[110] There was, however, much tension in LA prior to the riots, as evidenced by songs such as Fuck Tha Police by rap group N.W.A. The Closer is a contemporary example of a neutral portrayal which has been missing in recent media coverage of the LAPD.[111] LAPD SWAT has also been popularized in the media, most notably in the television series S.W.A.T. and the 2003 film by the same name.[112]

The LAPD in popular media
Several prominent representations of the LAPD and its officers include Adam-12, Dragnet, Crash, Colors, The Terminator, Blue Thunder, Heat, Cellular, Die Hard, the The Shield,[104][105] Training Day, Internal Affairs, Street Kings, Unlawful Entry, Dark

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Los Angeles Police Department
search_results/content_basic_view/834. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [11] "Los Angeles Times". L.A. Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/local/lamebuilding31dec31,0,1943095.story?coll=lahome-center. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [12] "official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ search_results/content_basic_view/6370. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [13] ^ "official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ inside_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1063. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [14] ^ "Press release regarding the new LAPD stations". LAPDaccessdate=2008-04-02. http://www.lapdonline.org/newsroom/ news_view/36684. [15] "Detective Bureau - official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ detective_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [16] "Detective Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ detective_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [17] "heritage.org". Heritage.org. http://www.heritage.org/Research/Crime/ HL573.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-07-06. [18] "COMPSTAT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ inside_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 6364. Retrieved on 2008-07-06. [19] "Special Operations Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ special_operations_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [20] ^ "About Central Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ central_bureau/content_basic_view/1908. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [21] "Central Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ central_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [22] "Central Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ central_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02.

See also
• List of law enforcement agencies in California • Los Angeles General Services Police • Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department

Footnotes
[1] ^ "The LAPD: 1850-1900". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1107. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [2] "History of the LASD". LASD. http://www.lasd.org/aboutlasd/ history.html#dates. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [3] ^ "The LAPD: 1926-1950". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1109. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [4] "The LAPD: Chief Parker". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1110. Retrieved on 2008-12-24. [5] ^ "Development of SWAT". Los Angeles Police Department. http://www.lapdonline.org/ metropolitan_division/ content_basic_view/849. Retrieved on 19 June 2006. [6] "Development of SWAT". Los Angeles Police Department. http://www.lapdonline.org/ metropolitan_division/ content_basic_view/849. Retrieved on 19 June 2006. [7] "The LAPD Officer Down Memorial Page". Officer Down foundation. http://www.odmp.org/agency/2221-losangeles-police-department-california. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [8] ^ "History of the LAPD: History of Parker Center". Los Angeles Police Department. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1123. Retrieved on 2008-04-08. [9] "Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ police_commission. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [10] "official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/

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[23] "Hollenbeck Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ hollenbeck_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [24] "Newton Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ newton_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [25] "Northeast Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ northeast_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [26] "Rampart Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ rampart_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [27] http://www.inglewoodpd.org/ [28] "Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Dept. Compton Station". LASD. http://www.lasd.org/stations/for2/ compton/. Retrieved on 08-11-2008. [29] "South Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/south_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [30] "77th Street Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ 77th_street_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [31] "Harbor Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ harbor_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [32] "LAPD opens new Harbor station, Los Angeles Times, April 26, 2009 [33] "Southeast Community Police Station". http://www.lapdonline.org/ southeast_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [34] "About Southeast Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ southeast_community_police_station/ content_basic_view/1752. Retrieved on 2008-07-15. [35] "Southwest Community Police Station". http://www.lapdonline.org/ southwest_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [36] "Southwest Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ southwest_community_police_station/ content_basic_view/1639. Retrieved on 2008-07-15. [37] ^ "official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/

Los Angeles Police Department
valley_bureau/content_basic_view/1921. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [38] "Valley Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/valley_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [39] "Mission Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ mission_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [40] "Devonshire Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ devonshire_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [41] "Foothill Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ foothill_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [42] "North Hollywood Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ north_hollywood_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [43] "Van Nuys Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ van_nuys_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [44] "West Valley Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ west_valley_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [45] "Name The New LAPD Station, Win $1000". LAist.com. http://laist.com/2008/ 01/02/name_the_new_la.php. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [46] "official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/west_bureau/ content_basic_view/1869. Retrieved on 08-11-2008. [47] "Beverly Hills Website - Police". City of Beverly Hills. http://www.beverlyhills.org/services/ police/default.asp. Retrieved on 08-11-2008]. [48] "Police Department - SMPD Home Page City of Santa Monica". City of Santa Monica. http://www.santamonicapd.org/. Retrieved on 08-11-2008. [49] "West Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/west_bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [50] "Hollywood Community Police Station". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ hollywood_community_police_station. Retrieved on 2008-04-02.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Los Angeles Police Department

[51] "Wilshire Community Police Station". search_results/content_basic_view/6501. LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ Retrieved on 2008-07-13. wilshire_community_police_station. [65] "The LAPD: 1850-1900". Retrieved on 2008-04-02. http://www.lapdonline.org/ [52] "Pacific Community Police Station". history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ 1107. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. pacific_community_police_station. [66] "Law Enforcement Management and Retrieved on 2008-04-02. Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for [53] "West Los Angeles Community Police Individual State and Local Agencies with Station". LAPD. 100 or More Officers" (PDF). U.S. http://www.lapdonline.org/ Department of Justice. west_la_community_police_station. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/ Retrieved on 2008-04-02. lemas00.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [54] "West L.A. Community Police Station". [67] "LAPD Training Division Mission LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ Statement and Overview". LAPD. search_results/content_basic_view/1871. http://www.lapdonline.org/home/ Retrieved on 2008-07-09. content_basic_view/6375. Retrieved on [55] ^ "Asian Pacific Islander Forum". LAPD. 2008-12-22. http://www.lapdonline.org/ [68] "Join LAPD-Official recruitment page". community_forums/content_basic_view/ LAPD. http://www.joinlapd.com/ 38005. index2.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-13. [56] [www.lapdonline.org/home/pdf_view/ [69] ^ "Join LAPD-Signing Bonus". LAPD. 39375 "Regional Crime Center"]. http://www.joinlapd.com/bonus.html. www.lapdonline.org/home/pdf_view/ Retrieved on 2008-07-13. 39375. Retrieved on 2009-01-01. [70] "LAPD Maintenance". [57] "Brief biography". LAPD. http://www.alea.org/public/airbeat/ http://www.lapdonline.org/ back_issues/jan_feb_2005/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ LAPD_Maintenance.htm. Retrieved on 1110. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. 2008-07-09. [58] ^ "LAPD Announces Crime Down Again [71] "LAPD Maintenance". ALEA.org. in 2005". LAPD. http://www.alea.org/public/airbeat/ http://www.lapdonline.org/january_2006/ back_issues/jan_feb_2005/ news_view/3729. Retrieved on LAPD_Maintenance.htm. Retrieved on 2008-07-13. 2008-08-11. [59] "LAPD Authors". LAPD Authors. [72] "Air Support Division". LAPD. http://www.lapdauthors.com/ http://www.lapdonline.org/ los_angeles_police_department_history.html. search_results/content_basic_view/1179. Retrieved on 2008-07-13. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [60] ^ Newton, Jim. "ACLU Says 83% of [73] LAPD Chevrolet Impala Police Live Outside L.A." Los Angeles [74] LAPD Chevrolet Impala Times 29 March 1994: B1. [75] LAPD Chevrolet Impala [61] "Women in LAPD". LAPD. [76] ""The .45 makes a comeback during the http://www.lapdonline.org/ war on terrorism"". WorldTechTribune. history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ April 5, 2004. 833. Retrieved on 2007-09-21. http://www.worldtribune.com/ [62] ^ "Are Women Better Cops?". TIME worldtribune/WTARC/2004/ Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/ wtt_03_29.html. magazine/article/ [77] ^ Arnold, David W.. "review of the 0,9171,974878-3,00.html. Retrieved on Kimber Custom LAPD SWAT model". 2008-08-11. Handguns. [63] "Sharon Papa". LAPD. http://www.handgunsmag.com/ http://www.lapdonline.org/ featured_handguns/kimber_0402/. lapd_command_staff/comm_bio_view/ [78] ^ "History". LAPD. 7652. Retrieved on 2008-07-13. http://www.lapdonline.org/ [64] "Office of Support Services". LAPD. history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ http://www.lapdonline.org/ 1127. Retrieved on 2008-08-11.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[79] "Medal of Valor". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ search_results/content_basic_view/ 27313. Retrieved on 2008-08-05. [80] ^ "LAPD Commendations". Liberty Library. http://www.libertylib.com/lapdswat.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-08-05. [81] "1984 Summer Olympics". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1130. Retrieved on 2008-07-28. [82] "1987 Papal Visit". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1131. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [83] "1992 Civil Disturbance". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1132. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [84] "1994 Earthquake". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ history_of_the_lapd/content_basic_view/ 1133. Retrieved on 2008-07-31. [85] "THE POLICE VERDICT; Los Angeles Policemen Acquitted in Taped Beating". NY Times. April 30 1992. http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/02/08/ home/rodney-verdict.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [86] "L.A. Times feature article". http://www.latimes.com/features/ magazine/west/la-tmholidayfeb19,0,782232.story?coll=lahome-magazine. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [87] ^ "Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department" (PDF). PARC. http://www.parc.info/client_files/ Special%20Reports/ 1%20-%20Chistopher%20Commision.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [88] The Christopher Commission Report, www.hrw.org 1998 Reports, retrieved Nov. 5, 2008 [89] "The L.A. 53". By Jim Crogan. LA Weekly. April 24, 2002. [90] "Consent Decree Overview: Civil Rights Consent Decree". http://www.lapdonline.org/ search_results/content_basic_view/928. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [91] ^ "Consent Decree Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/ consent_decree. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.

Los Angeles Police Department

[92] "PBS Rampart Scandal Timeline". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/ frontline/shows/lapd/scandal/cron.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [93] "About the Consent Decree Bureau". LAPD. http://www.lapdonline.org/home/ comm_bio_view/7588. Retrieved on 2008-07-09. [94] "Mark Fuhrman". NNDB.com (noteworthy names database). http://www.nndb.com/people/209/ 000025134. Retrieved on 2008-01-08. [95] Fuhrman, Mark (1997). Murder in Brentwood. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing. ISBN 0895264218. [96] "Mark Fuhrman-UMKC". University of Missouri Kansas City School of Law. http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/ projects/ftrials/Simpson/Fuhrman.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-08. [97] ^ "PBS Timeline". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/ frontline/shows/lapd/scandal/cron.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [98] "Ovando Shooting". WSWS. http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/ sep1999/lapd-s23.shtml. [99] Jack Dunphy. "May Day Madness". National Review Online. http://article.nationalreview.com/ ?q=OGIyODdjZGNhOWU5N2ZhNzg1Y2U0M2I5ODlm Retrieved on 2007-05-03. [100] atrick McGreevy and Richard Winton P (May 30, 2007). "Bratton issues report on melee". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2007/may/30/ local/me-lapd30. [101]video.google.com/ [ videoplay?docid=-3804643876474086216 "1962 Malcolm X speech"]. video.google.com/ videoplay?docid=-3804643876474086216. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [102]Framed Black Panther leader Geronimo " Pratt wins appeal". WSWS. http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/ feb1999/prat-f18.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. [103] "Joe Morgan settles 5-year lawsuit ^ against city of L.A - ex-baseball star to receive $800,000 for being assaulted by police officers". LA Times. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/ mi_m1355/is_n6_v85/ai_14808422. Retrieved on 2008-07-31.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[104]The Shield". Picturing Justice, the On" Line Journal of Law and Popular Culture. 2002-05-22. http://www.usfca.edu/pj/ shield_grant.htm. Retrieved on 2007-02-24. [105]IMDB Trivia". http://www.imdb.com/ " title/tt0286486/trivia. [106] Michael J. Hayde (2001). My Name’s ^ Friday: The Unauthorized but True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb. Cumberland House. ISBN 1581821905. [107] Michael J. Hayde, My Name’s Friday: * The Unauthorized but True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb, Cumberland House, 2001, ISBN 1-581-82190-5, quote at p. 192. [108] oger Ebert, L.A. Confidential (review), R Chicago Sun-Times, September 19, 1997. [109]Picture Perfect’s entry on official Jodi " Picoult website". Jodi Picoult. http://www.jodipicoult.com/pictureperfect.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [110] ichard Corliss (2008-05-20). "Clint and R Angelina Bring a Changeling Child to Cannes". Time (Time Inc.). http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/ 0,8599,1807949,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-10. [111]The Closer on TNT". Turner Networks. " http://www.tnt.tv/title/0,,612019,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. [112]S.W.A.T. Official Site". Sony Pictures. " http://www.sonypictures.com/homevideo/ s.w.a.t./. Retrieved on 2008-08-11.

Los Angeles Police Department
• Corwin, Miles (2003). Homicide Special: A Year With the LAPD’s Elite Detective Unit. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-6798-1. • Domanick, Joe (1994). To Protect and to Serve: The LAPD’s Century of War in the City of Dreams. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-9727625-5-8. • Gates, Daryl F. (1992). Chief: My Life in the LAPD. New York: Bantam. ISBN 0-553-56205-3. • Sjoquist, Art R. (1984). History of the Los Angeles Police Department. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Police Revolver and Athletic Club. • Starr, Kevin (2004). Coast of Dreams: California on the Edge, 1990-2003. New York: Knopf. • Stoker, Charles (1951). Thicker’n Thieves. Sutter. • Wambaugh, Joseph (1973). The Onion Field. Delacorte. • Webb, Jack (1958). The Badge: The Inside Story of One of America’s Great Police Departments. New York: Prentice-Hall.

External links
• LAPD Online Telephone book with Reporting Districts, ZIP code, basic cars, formatted for mobile phones • On the Front Line in the War on Terrorism, City Journal, Summer 2007 • LAPD History of the LAPD • LAPD Recruitment • LAPD Radio Communications System History • Board of Police Commissioners • Office of the Chief of Police • LAPD Organizational Chart • LAPD Citywide-Bureau Map • Current Command Staff • Citywide CompStat Statistics • LAPD’s Most Wanted Criminal Suspects

References
• Bentley, Brian (1997). One Time: The Story of a South Central Los Angeles Police Officer. Los Angeles:Cool Jack Publishing. ISBN 1-890632-00-7. • Corwin, Miles (1997). The Killing Season . New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80235-X.

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