“Life After the Ph.D.: Finding a Post-Doctoral Fellowship” Interview and Follow-up Donna H. Korzick, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Physiology and Kinesiology The Pennsylvania State University EB 2004 Interview and Follow-up I. A. B. The Interview Preparation for you visit: homework During your visit: listen and ask questions II. A. The Follow-Up After your visit: homework B. The Negotiation: salary, moving expenses, etc III. The Decision How Long Does a PostDoctoral Experience Last? 2 – 5 years Usually in one place Years 1-2: learn new techniques (tools in the toolbox) low risk project handed to you Years 3-5: high risk project make the project “your own” find YOUR niche Remember: Your #1 competition will be your Ph.D. advisor, find your niche Preparing for the Interview Get an itinerary beforehand (communicate with the secretary/administrative assistant) Do your homework Become familiar with the individuals on your itinerary Perform a literature search/know their research Have you been asked to give a seminar? Obtain information on the type of room in which you will be presenting (large vs small group) Know your audience and plan ahead During Your Visit Listen carefully -To what is said and unsaid - Be attentive Ask questions of current trainees -examples “What is an average day like in the lab?” “ Do you meet with Dr. _____ often?” “What kind of projects are you working on?” Questions You Should Ask Any Potential Post-Doctoral Mentor Where will you fit in the general scheme of the lab? To Whom will you report? your mentor? some middle-management flunky? How much freedom/flexibility will you have? What is his/her vision/goals for you? Questions You Should Ask Any Potential Post-Doctoral Mentor, cont. Low Risk vs High Risk Projects – make them articulate this plan What is their philosophy on training post-doc’s? Other career development issues: -Publishing -Grant writing individual NRSA transition awards (NIH KO1, AHA SDG) The Follow-Up: After Your Visit Thank you letter - avoid overly effusive language - be honest with a timeline for your decision Talk to previous trainees about “what it’s really like” - get names from potential mentor - what they tell you or don’t tell you means alot! Get input from your current mentor Get input from senior investigators in the field about the mentor/laboratory How Do You Negotiate An Offer Once a Mentor has been Identified? Things you should eventually ask about/expect: - “When and How” do you ask for this stuff? - Moving Expenses (this can be done by asking to start your salary one month earlier if moving expenses are not customary) - Guaranteed two years of support NIH Stipend: $35,568 (0 years experience) - Supplemental Pay: cost of living? - Full Benefit Package - Travel to at least one meeting/year The Decision: How Do you Select the Perfect PostDoctoral Mentor? Follow Your Heart! Environment/Resources What is his/her reputation Big Lab vs Little Lab? Lots of pressure vs less pressure Pedigree goes a long way and opens doors! Talk to people at meetings – What kind of reputation does he/she have? Korzick’s Words of Wisdom Good post-doc’s write their ticket…. Take advantage of every and any opportunity that comes your way – you’ll never have that much freedom again! Publish Publish Publish Get your own NRSA Get a career development award to take with you! Demonstrate independence and creativity every chance you get Always do MORE than you are asked Don’t be afraid to do something different – nothing is permanent!