Air_Force_Reserve_Officer_Training_Corps

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Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
of training.[3] The AFROTC program is divided into two sections: Academic Classroom Program (Aerospace Studies classes) and Cadet Activities (ie Leadership Laboratory, Physical Training, and other training).

Aerospace Studies (AS)
Aerospace Studies (AS) classes are the academic portion of AFROTC. The General Military Course (GMC) is a two-year course, consisting of AS100 and AS200, designed to motivate and prepare cadets for entry into the Professional Officer Course (POC). Each AS100 and AS200 course is designed as a weekly, one academic-hour course. The POC is a two-year course, consisting of AS300 and AS400, designed to prepare cadets for active duty as Air Force officers. Each course in the POC is designed as a weekly, three academichour course.[4] Specific topics covered in the AS classes are as follows: AS100 - Foundations of the Air Force: Structure and missions of Air Force organizations, officership, and professionalism. Introduction to communication skills. AS200 - The Evolution of Aerospace Studies: Beginnings of manned flight and development of aerospace power from WWI to current operations. AS300 - Leadership Studies: Anatomy of leadership, role of discipline in leadership situations, and the variable affecting leadership. Case studies and practical application in Leadership Laboratory (LLAB). AS400 - National Security Studies and Preparation for Active Duty: The role of the professional military leaders in a democratic society, international developments on strategic preparedness, and active-duty assignment preparation.[5]

Air Force ROTC emblem Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) is one of the three commissioning sources for officers in the United States Air Force, the other two being the Air Force Academy and Officer Training School. It is the largest and oldest source of commissioned officers for the Air Force.[1] AFROTC’s mission is to produce quality leaders for the Air Force. AFROTC is located on 144 college and university campuses with 984 additional schools participating in cross-town agreements that allow their students to attend AFROTC classes a nearby host school.[1] According to AFOATS HQ, in 2006, AFROTC commissioned 2,083 Second Lieutenants, with AFROTC enrollment ranging from 23,605 in 1985 to 10,231 in 1993, and around 13,000 enrolled today. AFROTC units are called "detachments." Within the detachments the students are organized into wings, groups, squadrons, and flights, mirroring the active-duty wing structure.[2] Furthermore, the cadet wing is separated into two divisions: General Military Course (GMC) consisting of the first twoyears of training and the Professional Officer Course (POC) consisting of the last two-years

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Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
curriculum but need additional time to complete their academic degree. Normally AS700 cadets. Detachments organize cadets after the active-duty wing structure to the best of their ability, compensating for variable sizes and circumstances. GMC cadets participate as the underclassmen while the POC cadets participate as the upperclassmen. POC cadets have completed Field Training and are assigned leadership positions in the corps. Cadets are classified and assigned rank commensurate with their position and level of responsibility within the cadet wing and with respect to FT completion.[10]

Leadership Laboratory (LLAB)
Leadership Laboratory (LLAB) is a weekly 1-2 hour pass/fail class that trains and prepares cadets for Field Training (FT), develop leadership skills, and promote Espirit de Corps among all cadets. At some universities, credit hours may be given for completing LLAB. For GMC cadets, LLAB provides new cadets with basic skills and knowledge to be a functional member of the cadet corps, prepares them in Warrior Knowledge and Drill and Ceremonies (marching), and teaches leadership, followership, and teamwork skills. For POC cadets, LLAB furthers leadership and followership skills learned at FT by planning and implementing the activities under the supervision of the active-duty cadre.[6] Specific LLAB activities are determined by the detachments themselves and thus vary across the nation. Some specific activities include: Trips to Air Force bases, Field Days, physical fitness tests and competitions, Drill and Ceremonies, leadership building exercises, and Air Force officer career days.[7]

Cadet Airmen
Cadet Airmen are all cadets who have not satisfactorily completed FT. Cadet Airmen are members of the GMC. AS100 IMT cadets hold the Cadet Fourth Class (C/4C) rank while AS200 FTP cadets hold Cadet Third Class Rank (C/3C). Cadet Airmen are not committed to joining the Air Force unless on AFROTC scholarship.[11] If contracted, AS100 cadets receive a monthly stipend of $300 while AS200 cadets receive $350.[12][13]

Cadet Organization
AFROTC classifies cadets into the following basic categories of training with respect to FT attendance and commissioning:[8][9] Initial Military Training (IMT): Cadets who are part of the GMC but are not scheduled to attend FT. Normally AS100 cadets. Field Training Preparation (FTP): Cadets scheduled to attend FT in the upcoming summer. Normally AS200 cadets, or if dual-enrolled in AS100 and AS200 classes, AS250 cadets. Intermediate Cadet Leader (ICL): Cadets who have successfully completed FT but are not scheduled to commission in the upcoming year. Normally AS300 cadets. Senior Cadet Leader (SCL): Cadets who have satisfactorily completed FT and are scheduled to be commissioned in the upcoming year. Normally AS400 cadets. Extended Cadet Leader (ECL): Cadets who have completed the AFROTC

Cadet Officers
Cadet Officers, AS300 (ICL), AS400 (SCL), and AS700 (ECL), are cadets who have satisfactorily completed FT. Cadet officers are members of the POC. Cadet officers wear cadet officer rank (Cadet Second Lieutenant (C/ 2d Lt) - Cadet Colonel (C/Col)). Unlike the Air Force Academy, for juniors and seniors there is no rank of Cadet Second Class or Cadet First Class, respectively. Cadet officers are committed to joining the Air Force upon completion of their academic degree. As contracted cadets, AS300 cadets receive a monthly stipend of $450 while AS400 cadets receive $500.[14] POC cadets are required to meet height and weight standards, pass the Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) each academic semester, and meet a minimum cumulative and term GPA requirement of 2.50. Repeatedly failing to meet the standards may result in disenrollement from AFROTC. All POC cadets also must hold at least one leadership position (as designated by the Commandant of Cadets (COC)) within the cadet wing.[15]

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Cadet Fourth Class Cadet Third Class Cadet Second Lieutenant Cadet First Lieutenant Cadet Captain Cadet Major Cadet Lieutenant Colonel Cadet Colonel In some cases, students with academic requirements that exceed four years (usually engineers and other technical majors) continue the AFROTC program for additional semesters as needed. During these additional years these cadets (AS700) are only minimally required to participate in LLAB and maintain retention standards.[16] It is important to note that this is not the case for schools with co-op programs that entail a total of four years of classes and one year of cooperative experience. In these cases the cadets are classified as AS300’s their first POC year and AS400’s their second and third POC years. The cadets will not attend aerospace classes, Physical Training, or Leadership Lab during their co-op blocks (they will be on Periods of Non-Attendance) and otherwise complete the program like any four-year major.[17]

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
C/4C C/3C C/2d Lt C/1st Lt C/Capt C/Maj C/Lt Col C/Col Cadet officers are required to serve at least one term in a leadership position. Leadership positions include wing, group, squadron, and flight positions and others named by the COC.[18] AS100 AS200

Physical Training (PT)
Cadets are required to take part in Physical Training (PT) at least twice per week each semester. Whether PT is counted as a school credit or not, attendance at PT (at least 80%) is required to pass Leadership Laboratory (LLAB). As a prerequisite, cadets must have a certified DoD physical or a sports physical on file at the detachment and must complete an AFROTC Physical Health Screening Questionnaire. Before the beginning of exercises, cadets receive a safety briefing on the "importance of hydration, heat stress disorders, and prompt reporting of any problems to a cadre member."[19] Under the supervision of qualified cadre, the PT program is organized and lead by AS300 and AS400 cadets.[20] PT activities at detachments may vary from sports games, Field Training Preparation training exercises, cardio and muscular strength exercises. Every PT session begins by forming up as a Wing and stretching. The Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) is taken by each cadet each semester and is formatted after the active-duty Air Force’s PFA. The PFA is the primary instrument for evaluating the fitness level of each cadet. It is structured to assess the muscular endurance of specific muscle groups and the functional capacity of the cardiovascular system.[21] Contracted cadets (ie those on scholarship/

Cadet Wing
The cadet wing is organized to mirror the active-duty wing structure and is comprised of AFROTC cadets. Cadet rank is determined by the positions and levels of responsibility in which they hold. Cadet wings strive to include positions similar to those found in active-duty wings but additional positions may be added at the discretion of the COC. Each wing is headed by a Cadet Colonel and has subsequent groups, squadrons, and flights. Cadet officers rotate positions each semester and cannot hold the same position for two consecutive periods without approval. Cadets returning from Field Training may not hold a rank above Cadet Captain (C/Capt) until one semester as POC has been completed.

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receiving stipend) must pass the PFA. Contracted cadets that fail the PFA are subject to discipline. Two consecutive failures can result in dismissal from the program. Non-contracted cadets must attempt the PFA each semester. Within 72 hours of taking the PFA, cadets have their height, waist, and weight measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). The PFA consists of the BMI measurement, one minute of push-ups, one minute of sit-ups, and a 1.5 mile run. Maximum points for each area is 30 for BMI, 10 for push-ups, 10 for crunches, and 50 for the 1.5 mile run. Cadets must have at least a composite score of 75 to pass the PFA.[22]

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
Officers (FTO, active duty officers typically assigned to an AFROTC Detachment), and 23 CTAs.[28][29] "CTAs are POC cadets selected, based on their FT performance and overall cadet record, to return to Field Training as assistants to active duty staff members."[30] There is one FTO and one Flight CTA assigned to each flight. Traditional CTAs include Group, Drill & Ceremonies, Physical Training, Public Affairs, and Standardization CTAs.[30] The JFTC staff consists of approximately 15 officers and NCOs dedicated to two encampments at a time.[26] While in garrison, cadets are organized into flights of approximately 20 cadets, with two flights per squadron, and up to eight squadrons per group.[31] While at JFTC, cadets are organized as a wing consisting of two groups with three squadrons of three flights each.[26] A typical in-garrison schedule is as follows: reveille, physical training, breakfast, various morning activities (inspections, drill & ceremonies, etc.), lunch, afternoon activities (briefings, group leadership problems (GLP), etc.), retreat, dinner, evening activities (physical training, FTO initiated activities, etc.), call to quarters, and lights out.[32] Training at Blue Thunder consists of hand-tohand combatives, unit tactics, and various GLPs. Training at JFTC consists of various missions and scenarios throughout the day to include convoy training, close combat training, M16 familiarization, and other deployment skills as described in the Airman’s Manual.[33][26] In each flight, cadets are ranked from first to last. The top 10% earn the distinction of "Distinguished Graduate", and the next 10% "Superior Performer".[34] All cadets are ranked in one of three divisions in their respective flight: top, middle, or bottom third. The USAA (United Services Automobile Association) "Top Gun" award acknowledges the highest performing cadet in each flight. Various other awards are given for excelling at physical fitness, marksmanship, academics (extended FTU), and warrior spirit.[35] Cadets’ rankings depend on the following criteria: • Preparation for Field Training • Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) • Leadership skills • Professional qualities • Communication skills • Judgment/decision making skills

Field Training (FT)
Field Training (FT) is a twenty-eight day[23] training program that takes place the summer before cadets enter the POC. For cadets who have not completed at least one year of ROTC prior to Field Training, an additional week is added at the beginning for academic classes. Completion of this boot camp-style training is a mandatory program for all individuals qualified to pursue an Air Force commission through AFROTC.[24] 2008 marks the first year that all AFROTC Field Training Units (FTU) are held at Maxwell AFB.[25] The Field Training program is designed to evaluate military leadership and discipline, determine the cadet’s potential for entry into the Professional Officer Course (POC), and to stratify cadets amongst their peers.[24] Cadets that have been in the program for less than one year attend the longer encampment. This encampment consists of one week of academics. Cadets stay at a facility off-base and attend daily classes that cover material from the AS100 and AS200 courses. Cadets also engage in limited D&C practice and physical training. Cadets that pass a final written exam continue on to the rest of Field Training. Field Training is split up into three sections: In-Garrison (11 days), Blue Thunder (6 days), and Joint Forces Training Center (JFTC, at Camp Shelby) (6 days) focusing on academics/D&C, expeditionary skills training (EST), and deployment, respectively.[26][27] Field Training is headed by a colonel and a staff of approximately 55 active duty officers, non-commissioned officers, and cadet training assistants (CTA). 14 consist of the senior staff, 18 are Flight Training

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• Warrior Ethos[26] Only the active duty officers evaluate and stratify the cadets. CTAs often give input but never officially evaluate cadets.[26] Those cadets recommended for CTA duty have the option to apply to become CTAs the following year.

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
• Billy J. Boles, General, USAF - North Carolina State University • Claude M. Bolton, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology, Major General, USAF University of Nebraska • John A. Bradley, Lt. Gen., USAF University of Tennessee at Knoxville • Roger A. Brady, General, USAF University of Oklahoma • Philip M. Breedlove, Lt. Gen., USAF Georgia Tech • Dale Brown, New York Times Best Selling Author, Captain, USAF - Penn State University • Mark N. Brown, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Purdue University • Bruce Carlson, General, USAF - University of Minnesota Duluth • Duane G. Carey, Astronaut, Lt. Col., USAF - University of Minnesota • John T. Chain, Jr., General, USAF Denison University • James R. Clapper, Jr., Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence, Lt. Gen., USAF University of Maryland, College Park • Catherine Coleman, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Donald G. Cook, General, USAF Michigan State University • William B. Davidson (politician), Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force, Senior Executive Service, Colonel, USAF - Florida State University • Roger G DeKok, Lt. General, Vice Commander US Space Command • Joseph Henry Engle, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - University of Kansas • John M. Fabian, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Washington State University • Michael Fincke, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Robert H. Foglesong, Former President of Mississippi State University, General, USAF - West Virginia University • Michael E. Fossum, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Texas A&M University • William M. Fraser III, Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force, General, USAF - Texas A&M University • Patrick K. Gamble, General, USAF - Texas A&M University • Jim Geringer, Former Governor of Wyoming, Wyoming State Senator,

Ribbons
AFROTC ribbons are awarded for many various achievements. The complete list is below as per AFROTCVA 36-3, May 4.

Notable Air Force ROTC graduates
• Jimmie V. Adams, General, USAF - Auburn University • Michael Phillip Anderson, Astronaut, Lt. Col., USAF - University of Washington • Ricardo Aponte, Brigadier General, USAF - University of Puerto Rico • Joseph W. Ashy, General, USAF - Texas A&M University • George T. Babbitt Jr., General, USAF University of Washington • Steven L. Bennett, Medal of Honor Recipient, Captain, USAF - University of Louisiana at Lafayette • Guion Bluford, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF Penn State University

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Wyoming State Congressman, Captain, USAF - Kansas State University John A. Gordon, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, General, USAF University of Missouri Lindsey Graham, US Senator from South Carolina, Colonel, USAF - University of South Carolina Jack I. Gregory, General, USAF University of Kentucky Phil Hardberger, Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, Captain, USAF - Texas Tech University Henry Hartsfield, Astronaut, Colonel, USAF - Auburn University Michael Hayden, Director Central Intelligence Agency, Former Director National Security Agency, General, USAF - Duquesne University Paul V. Hester, General, USAF - University of Mississippi Van Hilleary, US Congressman from Tennessee - University of Tennessee Hal M. Hornburg, General, USAF - Texas A&M University Charles A. Horner, Commanded U.S. and allied air operations for Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm, General, USAF University of Iowa Andrew P. Iosue, General, USAF University of Massachusetts Frank R. Faykes, Major General, USAF Virginia Tech John P. Jumper, Air Force Chief of Staff, General, USAF - Virginia Military Institute Robert Kehler, General, USAF Pennsylvania State University Ronald E. Keys, General, USAF - Kansas State University Arthur J. Lichte, General, USAF Manhattan College Lance W. Lord, General, USAF - Otterbein College Lester Lyles, General, USAF - Howard University Antonio Maldonado, Brigadier General, USAF - University of Puerto Rico James P. McCarthy, General, USAF - Kent State University Charles C. McDonald, General, USAF University of Wisconsin-Madison Craig R. McKinley, General, USAF Southern Methodist University Merrill A. McPeak, Former Air Force Chief of Staff, General, USAF - San Diego State

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
• Kenneth Minihan, Former Director National Security Agency, Lt. Gen., USAF - Florida State University • Thomas S. Moorman Jr., Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force, General, USAF - Dartmouth College • T. Michael Moseley, Former Air Force Chief of Staff, General, USAF - Texas A&M University • Richard B. Myers, Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General, USAF Kansas State University • Lloyd W. Newton, first African-American U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds pilot, General, USAF - Tennessee State University • Scott O’Grady, Captain, USAF - EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University • Greg Parke (politician), Candidate for US Senate, Lt. Col., USAF - University of New Hampshire • Samuel C. Phillips, Former Director National Security Agency, General, USAF - University of Wyoming • Joseph W. Ralston, General, USAF - Miami University, Oxford • Antonio J. Ramos, Brigadier General, USAF - University of Puerto Rico • Thomas C. Richards, General, USAF Virginia Polytechnic Institute • Marc E. Rogers, Major General, USAF University of Missouri • Robert D. Russ, General, USAF Washington State University • Robert L. Rutherford, General, USAF Southwest Texas State University • Charles F. Wald, General, USAF - North Dakota State University

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Resources
• AFROTC Cadet Uniforms and Insignia (AFROTCI 36-2008) • AF Personnel Dress and Appearance (AFI 36-2903) • AF Drill & Ceremonies manual (AFMAN 36-2203) • AFROTC HQ official website

See also
• General US military ROTC overview • United States Air Force • US Air Force Officer Training School (OTS) • US Air Force Academy

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Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps
[22] HQ AFROTC/CC Memoradum. ARMSAFROTC-08-022 - Changes to AFROTC PT Requirements. 8 Dec 2007. [23] 2008 FTU Master Schedule [24] ^ AFOATS T-203, p9, 2008 [25] Officials move ROTC field training to Maxwell [26] ^ IST Maxwell 1 2008 [27] First wave of ROTC field training gets underway [28] U.S. Air Force ROTC - Summer Experiences: Cadet Training Assistant [29] AFOATS T-203, p9-10, 2008 [30] ^ AFOATS T-203, p10, 2008 [31] AFOATS T-203, fig. 1-1, 2008 [32] AFOATS T-203, p44, 2008 [33] AFMAN 10-100 [34] AFOATS T-203, p93, 2008 [35] AFOATS T-203, p93-94, 2008

References
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] ^ AFOATS Dec 2006 Fact Sheet AFROTCI 36-2017, p29, 2004 AFROTCI 36-2017, p14, 2004 AFROTCI 36-2017 - AFROTC Program [1] AFROTCI 36-2017 - AFROTC Program AFROTC Leadership Laboratory AFROTCI 36-2017 - AFROTC Program T-508 - Leadership Laboratory Curriculum Handbook [10] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [11] AFROTC General Questions [12] AFROTC Scholarship FAQs [13] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [14] AFROTC Scholarship FAQs [15] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [16] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [17] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [18] AFROTCI 36-2017 AFROTC Program [19] AFROTCMAN 36-201 [20] AFROTCMAN 36-201 [21] AFROTCMAN 36-202 Physical Training

External links
• U.S. Air Force ROTC - Official Web site • AFROTC Fact Sheet - AFOATS HQ Website

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Force_Reserve_Officer_Training_Corps" Categories: United States Air Force military education and training This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 15:43 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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