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					               This information is a compilation of material collected from various news sources. The use of this material does
                       not imply endorsement of the US Army Environmental Command nor the Department of the Army.
                                                     VOLU ME 5, NUMBER 06
                                                         30 June 2007

Consultant‟s Corner                                                                                                         CONTENTS
     USAEC would like YOUR feedback. Please let us know if your position as the Installation
     Pest Management Coordinator on your installation is being staffed under the Environmental                          Consultant‟s Corner
     Program or the Director of Public Works. Typically, the Army's pest management program
     functions are split bet ween the Environmental Program for oversight and administration                           Assi stance Available from
     and the DPW for operational functions. USAEC is interested in knowing how the majority                            USAEC Pest Management
     of installations are operating as we draw closer to implementing Common Levels of                                         (PM) Team
     Support.
                                                                                                                               Army Re serve s
     USAEC will also be hosting its first IPMC conference call for those interested in discussing                             Announcements
     issues at their installations, hearing what others may be encountering, or just offering better
     ways that USAEC can support you. If interested please respond to Sandra Alvey and                                            News Articles
     Christine Convery by 2 July 2007 so we may schedule the appropriate number of lines and
     send the call in information ahead of time.                                                                            Noxious & Inva sive
                                                                                                                             Species Update
     Finally, USAEC is considering (using the NGB model) writing an Army-wide Pest
     Management Programmatic Environmental Asse ssment (EA) in an effort to reduce                Endangered & Threatened
     installation costs for writing individual EAs and ensuring that the Army installation pest            Species
     management programs have the required documentation as part of the annual USAE C
     validation of IPMPs. Please let us know what you think about this latest initiative as USAEC       Health Watch
     is committed to streamlining the way in which the Army pest management program
     conducts business while meeting DoD and Army progra m requirements. POC for feedback          Other Pest Management
     is sandra.alvey @us.army.mil and christine.convery@us.army.mil.                                  Links of Intere st

 New Topics from the 2007 Annual Fire Ant Conference :                                                                     Products/Equipment
                The Land Grant Universities, through eXt ension, launc hed the new Imported
                Fire Ant Webpage during the annual Fire Ant Conference. The website                                        Meetings of Intere st
                contains valuable peer-reviewed resources for Army and DoD installations
                in the US where fire ants occur. The site includes FAQs (frequently asked                                     Certification,
                questions ); modules on management and control of fire ants, and res ources.                             Recertification and Pest
                The website is http://www.extension.org . Additional summary details of                                   Management Quality
                the Fire Ant Conference are provided in the last section of the Timely Topics.                            Assurance Evaluator
                                                                                                                                 Course s
 TIMELY TOPICS AFPMB LI NK: ―Timely Topics‖ are now available on the Armed Forces
 Pest Management Board's website at:                                                                                    DoD Standard Pesticide s
 http://www.afpmb.org/pubs/usaec/timelytopics.htm. All issues will be sent by web link.                                 and DoD Equipment” List
 If you have any problems accessing the AFPMB website please let us know.
                                                                                                                                Equipment
 Equipment Needed/Excess Pe sti cides: If you have ―functional” pest management                                               Needed/Excess
 equipment that is no longer needed or excess ― serviceable” pesticides that you would like                                     Pesticide s
 to donate to anot her installation, please contact the USAE C Pest Management staff and we
 will try to assist you in the redistribution of these items.                                                            Regulatory Newswatch

                                                                                                                                    Potpourri

                                                                                                                              Aquatic Plant ID

                                                                                                                           2007 Annual Fire Ant
                                                                                                                               Conference
                             ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE FROM
                         USAEC PEST MANAGEMENT (PM) Program
The Pest Management Program is committed to providing the highest level of technical assistance to you in
support of the Army’s Installation P est Management Program. Please contact the PM members for any
assistance you may need. The PM staff and their primary program responsibilities are:

      Ms. Sandra Alvey, DAC: USAE C Senior Pest Management Consultant; Pest Management Policy,
       Guidance, and Funding; IPMP, Pesticide Use, Pest Control Services Contract and Aerial Spray
       Statement of Need Approvals; Training, Certification and Accreditation; Environmental Reporting;
       Distance Learning Initiative; IPM -in-Child Development Cent ers Initiative. Base Operations Pest
       Management Support, IPMP Reviews, Pest Control Service Contract Reviews, Aerial Spray Statement of
       Need Reviews, Pesticide Registration Reviews. Pesticide Applicator Training & Certification, IPMC and
       PMQAE Accreditation, Pest Management List Server, AEDB-E Q, Administration, and Records; Chair,
       AFPMB.
       sandra.alvey@us.army.mil (410) 436-1214

      Ms. Chri stine Convery, DAC: Pest Management Cons ultant; GIS/GPS Initiative, Performance Bas ed
       Cont racting Guidance, IPMC/PMQAE Training Guidance, EPAS Audits, Pest Management Program
       Assistance Visits (PMPAVs), DoD/State Certification Database, Website Management. Base Operations
       Pest Management Support, IPMP Reviews, Pest Control Service Contract Reviews, Aerial Spray
       Statement of Need Reviews, Pesticide Registration R eviews.
       chri stine.convery@ us.army.mil (410) 436-1213

      Dr. Herb Bolton, USDA/CS REES Liaison : Invasive Species, IPM Demonstration Projects, Sustainable
       Range Tick Control Project, EPAS, Timely Topics. Base Operations Pest Management Support, IPMP
       Reviews, Pest Control Service Contract Reviews, Aerial Spray Statement of Need Reviews, Pesticide
       Registration Reviews.
       herbert.t.bolton@us.army.mil (410) 436-7073

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                                         ARMY RESERVE ANNOUNCEMENTS
                        Please note!! 27 June 2007 -- IMCOM-AR, NGB, ODEP and US AEC will host a
                        Quarterly Conferenc e Call (QCC) to discuss Pest M anagement Program issues within the
                        Army. Those having concerns or issues they'd like to discuss with their senior
                        representatives should email or call Mr. Mel Marks, mpmarks@comcast.net, (843) 824-
                        2633, Mr. Richard White, richard.whit e@hqda.army.mil, (703) 602-2848, or Ms. Sandra
                        Alvey, sandra.alvey@us.army.mil, (410) 436-1214.



   Return to Table of Contents




                                              NEWS ARTICLES
                                 Carpenter Ants Wreak Havoc on Home s




                                                          2
―Unlik e termites that actually eat wood, Carpenter ants simply remove it in order to enlarge their colonies,‖ said
    Douglen. ―In the process, they do thousands of dollars of structural damage. Many people are surprised to
    learn that, in New Jersey, Carpenter ants do as much property damage as termites, though termites still
    remain the most signific ant wood-destroying threat to homeowners and other structures.‖
Carpenter Ants [Universi ty of Kentucky Entomology]
     Carpenter ants may establish nests in a number of different locations. It is important to realize that these
     locations can be either inside or outside the structure. Carpenter ants actually construct two different kinds of
     nests: parent colonies which, when mature, contain an egg-laying queen, brood and 2000 or more worker
     ants, and satellite colonies which may have large numbers of work er ants but no queen, eggs or young
     larvae.

                                  Scientists Find 24 New Species in Suriname
                                  PARAMARIBO, Suriname - A toad with fluorescent purple markings and 12 kinds
                                  of dung beetles were among two dozen new species discovered in the remote
                                  plateaus of eastern Suriname, scientists said Monday. Be sure to review the
                                  slide show associated with this web site -.
                                  T his r emark abl e-l ooki ng toad may be a new s peci es to sci ence. It b el ongs to the genus
                                  Atel opus , and was disc over ed during a s ur vey of the Nassau plateau in mid -2006 b y
                                  Suri namese sci entis ts Paul O uboter and J an Mol.


Bird Trouble
    Urban development and winter storms may have contributed to a 20-percent increase in the number of birds
    shot for posing a hazard to airc raft last year at Vancouver International Airport, a senior official says. Anne
    Murray, vice-president of community and environmental affairs, said in an interview that the winter storms
    created more pools of water for ducks while high winds p ushed flocks of dunlin shorebirds inland. Murray
    also said birds faced with increased urban development might view the 1,300-hectare airport property as a
    "bit of a green island," adding there can be a high natural variability in bird numbers year to year.
Craig Thomas Pest Control Earns QualityPro School s De signation
    HYDE PARK, NY — Craig Thomas Pest Control recently became the first company in New York State to earn
    the QualityPro Schools designation from the National Pest Management Association.
Ants in Abundance
    Ants in Kentucky that residents might see often include odorous house ants, carpenter ants and pavement
    ants, Potter said. Carpenter ants occasionally damage wood, but Kentucky ants usually are just a nuisance
    unless they’re in sensitive environments where they’re contaminants, he said.

                                   Aliens among Us

                                   Invasive species stand accused of ecologic al insubordination, mass murder, and
                                   other crimes against nature. But the case is far from closed. In this round table,
                                   we ask four leading thinkers to scrutinize and tackle he ad-on some commonly
                                   held assumptions about invasive species.

Cicadas Swarm Midwest
   Midwesterners should expect a "buggy" season this summer with the coming of the 17 -year cicadas. Often
   confused wit h locusts, these periodical cicadas are large insects that emerge after spending 17 years
   underground. "We are expecting a huge cicada season," says National Pest Management Association
   Technical Director Greg Baumann. "The species that is arriving this year is known as the Brood XIII. Some
   areas will experienc e up to 1.5 million cicadas per acre."
Ewww! Bed Bugs Come Crawling Back
   Indeed, in the past 12 months alone, infestations have been found in hotels, motels, apartments,
   condominiums, townhouses and other sites in Denver; Memphis, TN; Albuquerque, NM; Cincinnati; Chicago;
   Corpus Christi, TX; Las Vegas; New York City and scores more cities nationwide.

    Return to Table of Contents




                                                                 3
                             NOXIOUS & INVASIVE SPECIES UPDATE
Hill Mustard an Invasive Mustard on the Move in Southern Wisconsin [UW Extension University of
Wisconsin – Extension]
     Hill mustard (Bunias orientalis L.) is a non-native, invasive weed found only in a few loc ations in Wisconsin.
     This plant was documented in Wisconsin in 1958, but recently has been spreading rapidly throughout the
     southwestern part of the state. It inhabits a wide range of habitats, but is typically found in CRP fields, along
     roadsides, and in other minimally disturbed areas. Once established this plant forms a monoculture of hill
     mustard plants. It is called Turkish rocket, Turkish warty -cabbage, warty cabbage, and warted bunias.
New Invasive Plants in the Midwest
     Website provides a brief list of invasive plants that are growing in the Midwest and are requesting to report
     sightings of plants via electronic communication to: [www.mipn.org/EDRRContacts.html ].

                                  In Tennessee, Goats Eat the „Vine That Ate the South‟
                                  Chattanooga’s goats have become unofficial city mascots since the Public Works
                                  Department decided last year to let them roam a city-owned section of the ridge
                                  to nibble the kudzu, the fast-growing vine that throttles the Southern landscape.




Aggre ssi ve Plan Aims at Noxious Weeds on Lolo Fore st
   The Forest Service already uses a combination of herbicides, biological cont rol agents, mowing, pulling,
   seeding and fertilizing, as well as public education and prevention efforts. Adding sheep and goats to the
   toolbox would allow the Forest Service to team with Missoula's city and county animal control efforts for
   cross-border grazing.
Pest Invade s Saskatoon
   Thanks to an invasion of tiny aphid -like insects called cottony psyllids, Saskatoon is axing 200 black,
   Manchurian and other varieties of ash trees in city parks and boulevards. The foreign pests have already
   devastated ash populations in Edmont on and Calgary and now they've brought their appetites for tree sap to
   Saskatoon.
Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Program
   The Invasive Plants website contains information on invasive plants, their impact on native species, and their
   control (particularly biological control). The web pages focus on work conducted by students and staff of the
   Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Program, directed by Bernd Blossey, at Cornell University. The
   majority of our work concerns species and ecosystems in northeastern North America, but most species we
   work with are distributed widely through North Americ a.
Wyoming Weed Identification Site [University of Wyoming]
   This page has been created by the University of Wyoming Plant Science Department and Cooperative
   Extension Service, for the use of residents of Wyoming and the surrounding areas to identify weeds.

            Identify Weeds by their Photos

            Weed Index
            Still Have Questions
            Related Web Sites

            Weeds of the West


Alaska Committee for Noxious and Inva sive Plants Management
   The Alaska Committee for Noxious and Invasive Plants Management, CNIPM is an informal group of
   individuals, agencies and organizations statewide. Its’ goal is to heighten the awareness of the problems



                                                             4
           associated with non-native invasive plants and to bring about greater statewide coordination, cooperation and
           action to halt the introduction and spread of undesirable plants. Alaska is in a unique position to prevent a
           severe problem with invasive plants.
       Efforts to Wipe out Spartina Succeeding
           In the past 10 years, state agencies have spent about $10 million on the fight
           against spartina. But many say the tide didn't start to turn until 2004, when the
           EPA gave the go-ahead to use the herbicide imazapyr against aquatic weeds.
           Before then, officials largely used the herbicide glyphosate, which WSU
           extensionist Kim Patten says would burn treated spartina plants only to allow
           them to regrow.
       Invasive s Alert Archive s [ The Nat ure Conservancy]
           The following Invasives Alerts have appeared on our site in the past. Even
           though we moved these alerts to our archive, the weeds they describe are still active and important. They
           have been moved to the archive only to highlight newer additions, and to ens ure the home page loads
           quickly.
       Furry-clawed Asian Crabs Found in Delaware and Chesapeake Bays
           Science Daily — Chines e mitten crabs, first reported in the Chesapeake Bay,
           are more widespread than initially thought. Four crabs have now been caught
           in Delaware Bay during the last week of May 2007, and may occur in other
           waters of the US east coast.




Return to Table of Contents




                                   ENDANGERED & THREATENED SPECIES

       Conserving Wildlife: Time to Lock Horns
          The director of the Convention for the International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) said they may even
          regulate the commercial selling of shark and aromatic cedar trees which are used to make fine furniture and
          humidors.




                                                      HEALTH WATCH

       Brown Recluse Spider Confirmed in Florida
          JACKSONV ILLE, FL — A spider found in a Jacksonville, FL home was positively identifi ed as a brown
          recluse spider, marking one of the few times in recent years this pest has been confirmed in Florida . ―The
          eye pattern is a defining characteristic of brown reclus e spiders,‖ …. ―Most spiders have four sets of eyes –
          for a total of eight eyes. Brown recluse spiders have three sets of eyes – for a total of six.‖
       CDC Report Shows Deaths from West Nile Virus Rose La st Year to Highest Level Since 2003




                                                                  5
    ATLA NTA – Deaths from the mosquito-borne West Nile virus increased last year to their highest level since
    2003, according to a report released Thurs day by the US Centers for Diseas e Control and Prevention. At
    least 177 people died from West Nile in 2006 out of 4,269 report ed cases, the CDC said. The number of
    deaths was the greatest since 2003, when 264 people died out of nearly 10, 000 cases.
Mosquito Borne Di sease s: The Dangerous Link between Mosquitoe s and Global Warming
    It is predicted that global warming will increase the risk of infectious diseases, and most particularly those that
    are prevalent in warm areas of the world. The spreading of disease will be facilitated by mosquitoes and
    other ins ects as warmer temperatures will allow them to propagate in areas further north.
He Wants Ticks to be Taken More Seriously
    Today, Mather is recognized as one of the country's foremost authorities on how to prevent tick bites, and,
    failing that, what to do if they get under your skin. Motivating people to take ticks seriously is Mather's biggest
    concern, and, to promote mindfulness that tick bites can potentially be fatal, he helped organize last
    Saturday's Tick Control Awareness Day in Rhode Island.
Tick-borne Di sease Hard to Spot - Ehrlichiosi s's Slew of Symptoms Can Befuddle Doctors
    Three types of ticks in South Carolina - the Lone Star, dog and deer - transmit ehrlichiosis, which can take up
    to two weeks to produce symptoms. Most common symptoms include sudden high fever, fatigue, muscle
    aches, headaches and, in some cases, a rash. About half of patients require hospitalization.
West Nile Virus Now Widespread in US
    Washington - According to a report issued by the Center for Disease Control (CDC), West Nile virus is now
    wides pread in the US with 208,700 people suspected of being infected with the Mosquit o-born virus last year
    alone. The number of West Nile virus cases whic h resulted in more s erious symptoms rose 14 percent last
    year over the prior year's statistics, the CDC reports. Of the total number of people suspected of contracting
    West Nile virus in 2006, 1,500 developed serious brain or nervous system problems (meningitis, encephalitis ,
    or paralysis that may or may not be temporary ).
TSCRA: Cattle Raisers Urge Congre ss to Keep Fighting Fever Ticks
    FORT WORTH, TX, June 6, 2007—TSCRA members voiced their support for US DA’s National Strategic Plan
    for the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program (CFTEP) at their 2007 summer meeting June 2 in
    Fredericksburg. ―Tick infested white-tailed deer and exotic ungulate wildlife species are abundant in South
    Texas. We may have population of cattle fever ticks being sustained by white -tailed deer.‖ Only two ways
    have been found to treat white-tailed deer for cattle fever tick infestations, and neither is considered
    foolproof—ivermectin-medicat ed feed and a four-poster (4-Poster), a feeder with four acaracide soaked posts
    against which the deer must rub to reach the feed.
West Nile Virus Depletes Bird Species from Coast to Coast
    West Nile virus has dramatically reduc ed populations of several common bird species, including robins,
                         chickadees and other backyard visitors, says the first national assessment of the virus's
                         effect on wild birds.
                         Study of West Nile Virus in Birds i s too General in its Assumptions, Re searcher Says
                         West Nile virus has dramatically reduc ed populations of several common bird species in
                         Nort h America, according to a study recently released in a USA Today article. But that
                         statement may be taking too many liberties to apply it to Louisiana and other regions of the
                         country that the survey excluded, said a West Nile virus researcher at LS U.

MO Issue s Tick Warning
   Officials at the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services are warning residents to be wary of t icks.
   A child in northeastern Missouri died May 23 of an infection with a tick -carried bacterium called Ehrlichia
   chaffeensi s. That is one of three types of bacteria that cause the illness known as ehrlichiosis. All three
   types are found in Missouri.
Venomous Critters Ba sk in Summer Heat
   The Arizona Game and Fish Department reminds the public that venomous critters are active this time of year
   and people who take the time to educate themselves and their children could help prevent potentially
   dangerous encounters.
Case s of Lyme Di sease See Sharp Rise in N.H.
   Just as the summer tourist season is getting underway, the New Hamps hire Department of Health and
   Human Services announced last week that the number of cases of Lyme disease is soaring in the Granite
   State. According to statistics released by the d epartment, the number of cases of Lyme diseas e increased




                                                             6
   228 percent statewide from 271 in 2005 to 617 in 2006. Most of the reports were from the sout heast portion
   of the state.
Lyme Disea se: Of Myth and Men
   It’s long been the stuff of urban myth that Lyme disease was deliberately put into the human population as
   part of a bio-terrorist experiment, but a chance comment by a US government official gives some weight to
   the idea. Apparently the Centers for Disease Cont rol and Prevention has identified Lyme disease – along
   with anthrax, cholera and tularaemia – as ―potential bio-t errorism agents‖. Lyme disease is caused by the
   bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which is carried by ticks. It’s certainly true that Japanese soldiers used the
   Borrelia genus on prisoners during the Second World War, and it makes an ideal agent becaus e it is virtually
   undetectable, and can mimic diseases such as chronic fatigue and ME, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple
                        sclerosis.

                      Deadly Spiders Migrate to the Valley
                      "I realized it looked like a black widow but it was brown and a friend of mine who owns
                      another exterminating business got some books and we started doing some research and
                      we found these. They've been around a long time, but not in Alabama or Georgia. It's
                      called a Brown Widow," ….

Renal Sequelae of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS)
   Interest in hantavirus infection was abruptly stimulated by a 1993 outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
   in the Four Corners area of the United States, with case fatality rates as high as 50 percent. A newly
   discovered Hantavirus, ultimately named Sin Nombre, was determined to be the cause of the outbreak. This
   marked the first occurrence of severe, acute disease in the United States causally linked to a Hantavirus. The
   Four Corners outbreak brought wit h it concerns about the presence of newly identified infectious disease
   agents in the United States, as well as concerns regarding the possible long-term sequelae of a diseas e of
   this severity.

                      Mosquito Official s Ready to Spray Any Day
                      After a deadly 2006 Bristol County Mosquito Cont rol Project officials want to head off
                      another bad year for mosquitoes, and they could start spraying the pesticide Anvil any day.



State Receives Grant for We st Nile Virus
    A grant of $350,000 from the federal Cent ers for Disease Control and Prevention will assist in surveillance.
    Local health departments have received funding for the pick-up and transport of specimens. The University of
    Nebraska-Lincoln Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory will perform the testing.
Company Giving Away Free Fish to Help Fight West Nile
    LOVELA ND — Colorado Mosquito Control, the firm that provides mosquito
    control across northern Colorado, will have its third annual Free Fish Giveaway
    from 9 a.m.-3 p.m. June 23 at the Ace Hardware, CO, 287 and 29th Street in
    Loveland. The fish (fathead minnow) giveaway is an effort to minimize risks
    associated with West Nile Virus.
Cockroaches Continue to Trigger Asthma Attacks in Children
    Apr. 23 (Fairfax, VA) - In recent years, several large-scale studies funded by the National Institute of
    Environmental Healt h Sciences (NIEHS ) and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIA ID)
    have reinforc ed the dangerous connection between cockroaches and asthma in children.
Woman Critically Ill with Plague
    SANTA FE -- A Torrance County woman is in critical condition with plague, according to the New Mexico
    Department of Health. The department did not release the 58 -year-old woman's name but said she
    developed bubonic plague, which progressed to plague pneumonia. It's the second case of plague confirmed
                   in the state this year.
                   Taos County Woman Dies from Hantavirus
                   ALBUQUERQUE (AP ) - The state Department of Health says a Taos County woman has died
                   of complications from a hantavirus infection. She’s the only person to have been diagnosed




                                                          7
    with a hantavirus infection so far this year in New Mexico.


Pennsyl vania: CWD Not Found in Pennsylvania Hunter-Killed Deer Samples
   HARRISBURG - Chronic wasting disease (CWD) was not detected in samples taken from hunter -killed deer
   during the state's 2006 hunting season, according to Dr. Walt Cottrell, Pennsylvania Game Commission
   wildlife veterinarian. Because CWD was identified in New York and West Virginia in 2005, Cottrell noted that
   the agency continues to increase the number of deer samples it collects for testing. In 2006, 4,260 samples
   were tested from hunter-killed deer, and CWD was not detected.
Deer Ticks Discovery Raises Awareness for Lyme Disease
    Cicadas are receiving plenty of media attention these days, but healt h officials
    are more concerned about a potentially disease-s preading seasonal pest that
    has been found in Lake County. Recent surveys of forested areas have
    confirmed for the first time the pres ence of deer ticks in the county. Deer ticks
    are the most common carriers of Lyme dis ease, a bacterial infection which can
    cause serious illness in humans if untreated. Humans contract the disease by
    infected ticks attaching to the skin. From left to right, the deer tick adult fem ale,
    adult m ale, nym ph and larva on a centimeter scale.
    (Illinois Department of Public Health)
Industry Buzz Avoid Summer Hazards
   Thousands of people in the United States die each year from allergic reactions to the venom of these insects.
   Wasps, hornets and yellow jackets are more dangerous than bees and should be treated with care and
   caution.
Prognosi s: Prolonged Use of Antibiotics after Lyme May Not Help
   People who have had Lyme disease sometimes have symptoms long after the illness seems to have been
   cured. To ease their discomfort, some doctors prescribe antibiotics for months or even years. But a new
   report finds no evidence that extending antibiotic treatment past the time it takes to cure Lyme disease does
   any good.
Experts Say It Could Be a Bad Mosquito Year
   Stilwell said samples are also showing a great number of the type of mosquitoes that
   can carry the West Nile virus. "More and more the sites, we're bringing back larval
   samples from Culex tarsalis mosquitoes." The Culex tarsalis and Culex pipiens can
   both carry West Nile from birds to humans. Colorado had 2, 947 confirmed cases in
   2003. While the culex mosquitoes are being found, it doesn't necessarily translate into
   more West Nile. 2003 was a dry year.
NH Case s of Lyme Di sease More Than Doubled in 2006
   CONCORD — The number of confirmed human cases of Lyme disease in New Hampshire more than
   doubled last year, according to a recently released report. The Department of Health and Human Services
   said that in 2006, 617 cases of the disease were recorded in the state — up 128 percent from the 271 cases
   in 2005.
Time is Ticking
   One is the dreaded Lyme disease, sometimes referred to as "the Great Imitator." Raphael Stricker, a
   hematologist and immunotherapist who is president of the International Lyme and Associated Diseases
   Society, said it can be confused with chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, lupus, multiple sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's
   disease, even depression and Alzheimer's.
Summer Peak Time for Occurrence s of Lyme Di sease
   There were 229 cases of Lyme disease reported in Carroll County alone last year, but Debbie Middleton,
   director of the Communicable Diseases program at the Carroll County Health Department, says there are
   many things you can do to lower your risk of cont racting Lyme disease.
Hidden Danger Threatens Missourians
   ―Thes e disease symptoms can appear about three to 14 days aft er the tick bite,‖ said Michael Cooperstock,
   MD, a specialist in infectious diseases at University of Missouri Health Care. ―We primarily see four tick-
   related diseases in Missouri including tularemia, ehrlichiosis, Southern tick associated rash illness (STA RI)
                       and Rocky Mounted spotted fever. ‖
                       Summer Threat




                                                               8
    Rocky Mountain spotted fever remains the biggest risk, with 90 cases reported statewide this year and 852 in
    2006, said George Ghneim, veterinary epidemiologist with the NC General Communicable Diseas e Control
    Division. There have been six cases of Lyme disease this year and 31 in 2006.
Ticks Carrying Deadly Dog Di sease s on the Ri se
    Canine ehrlichiosis is often fatal to dogs and is commonly transmitted by the brown dog tick and lone star tick.
    Some ticks can transit multiple diseases with one bite, including Lyme disease and canine anaplasmosis.
    Co-infections also can occur when more than one tick bites the family dog or his owners,
    according to TDA N.
Denver Zoo Monkey Die s from Bubonic Plague, Squirrels Blamed
    It was the squirrels, with the Bubonic Plague, in Denver Zoo. Or least that's what the zoo
    veterinarian Dr. Dave Kenny thinks, after an 8-year-old hooded capuchin monkey was found
    dead last Wednesday morning. Although the jury is still out on whether or not the squirrels did do
    it, zoo officials are taking no chances. They will be putting int o action some necessary steps to
    prevent anything like this from happening again.
Wisconsin State Activate s West Nile Virus Hotline To Report Dead Birds
    Wisconsin State health officials have reactivated the statewide, toll-free Dead Bird Reporting Hotline to
    respond to reports of sick or dead birds and requests for West Nile virus testing. Persons who observe a
    dead bird in their yard or who have a question about a dead bird should call the Dead Bird Reporting Hotline
    at 1-800-433-1610.
Hantavirus Rai se s Caution in Rural Areas
    STEAMBOAT S PRINGS — With two Hant avirus cases confirmed in Colorado already this year, state health
    officials are warning residents in rural parts of the state to be cautious when doing spring cleaning and
    opening cabins, buildings, sheds and barns.
                          Experts Say Ri sk of Getting West Nile Virus i s Minimal
                          Mosquitoes lay their larvae in aquatic environments. This means that rainy weather can
                          provide the perfect conditions for mosquito breeding. But wet summers aren't necessarily
                          linked to more cases of West Nile. Walker said rainy summers actually may decrease the
                          culex population becaus e when rains are heavier, the storm water drains that provide the
                          culex mosquito habitat are flushed out more often.

City Begins Mosquito-Control Program
    City of Olney started its mosquito-control program today. The eggs are treated with Abate 5 percent Pellets,
    a larvaecide applied to standing wat er. Adult mosquitoes are treated with Mosquitomist One U.L.V., a
    chemical sprayed from a fogging machine.
US A. P hi l a del phi a to S pra y Mosqui toe s to C ontrol Thre a t of W e st Ni l e V i rus
    Th e D e p a rtm en t o f En vi ro n m e n tal Pro te cti o n an n ou n ced to d a y th a t i t w i l l co n d u ct a e ria l s p ra yi n g to
    co n tro l l a rg e p op u la ti o ns o f mos q ui to l a rva e i n Ph il a de l ph i a on Mo n d a y, Ju n e 4 . Th e tre a tm e n t,
    Ve cto L e x C G , w h i ch i s no t a ch e mi ca l pes ti ci de , b u t i s a s pe ci es -sp e ci fi c ba cte ri al a g en t th a t ta rg e ts
    m osq u i to an d b la ck fl y l a rva e w h e n a d d e d to th e w a te r in p ro du cti o n a re as , w i ll o n l y b e a p p li e d in
    a re as w he re s am pl i ng h as s h o wn i n creas e d le ve l s o f m os qu i to es .

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                          OTHER PEST MANAGEMENT LINKS OF INTEREST

           “Place in Favorites” Aquatic Plants, Algae & Lakes [Washington State Department of Ecology]
    This website provides links to a number of related res ources: Aquatic Plant Identification | Aquatic Plant
    Management | Aquatic Weed Grants |Planning | Pesticides to Control Aquatic Plants | Algae Control Program
    | Lake Information | Links




                                                                            9
            “Place in Favorites” The Natural Resource Monitoring Partnership
   The Natural Res ource Monitoring P artnership (NRMP) is a collaborative effort by the natural resource
   management community to improve monitoring efforts in order to support effective evaluation and decision-
   making. Current participants include State, Federal, and Canadian natural resource management agencies,
   nongovernmental organizations, and academic institutions.
                                Who Can Access NRMP Projects and Protocols?

     This site is free and open to any user who w ishes to learn more about what natural
     resources are being monitored, and the protocols that are used to govern monitoring
     projects. To view projects in the NRMP system, go to Find Monitoring Projects. To view
     information about protocols used by monitoring communities, go to Find Protocols.




                 “Place in Favorites” eXtension Provides Solutions to Wildlife Damage through Launch of
   Website. LINCOLN, NE—Whether it’s moles in the lawn, squirrels in the attic, or coyotes terrorizing a
   neighborhood, consumers now have instant access to research-based solutions for helping humans and
   wildlife coexist--managing problems caused by wildlife through an online resource dedicated to linking people
   who need information with the experts who have this information. The eXt ension Wildlife Damage
   Management Website puts a wealth of information directly on consumers’ computer screens. It’s an excellent
   resource for anyone needing information about managing wildlife problems. To take full advantage of the
   site, register at www.extension.org and choose Wildlife Damage Management.
Chronic Wa sting Di sea se Alliance
   This site is a joint project of the Boone and Crockett Club, Mule Deer Foundation, and Rocky Mountain Elk
   Foundation. These non-profit wildlife conservation organizations formed the
   Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance in January 2002 to address CWD. Other
   organizations have since joined the Alliance.


                                                               Click on photo to follow link

             “Place in Favorites” Fish and Wildlife Management Office s - State, Territorial, and Tribal

   The US Fish and Wildlife Service works in partnership with many organizations and individuals. Fish and
   wildlife conservation requires coordinated efforts by the states and the territories, as well as private
   landowners, tribes, and other countries besides the Unites States. The list below provides a starting point for
   finding the state agencies that manage fish and wildlife resources. Also, the International Association of Fish
   and Wildlife Agencies maintains a list of natural resource s agencies for state s, province s, and territories.




   Office Directory
          Major national programs/functions
          Washington Office "table of organization"
          State, territorial, and tribal fish and wildlife offices (for information regarding hunting and fis hing
           licenses)
          Phone numbers


                                                             10
           Recreation.gov
           State maps showing the loc ation of eac h office (click on the map below)

 CRC Weed Management
New image gallery:
   Australia's $4b weed problem, much bigger than your backyard. For those of you who have trouble
   convincing policy makers, funding bodies, nurseries or just family and friends of the extent of Australia's weed
   problem, the Weeds CRC has compiled an image gallery of some of the worst infestations in Australia.




USAEC Pest Management
    USAEC provides centralized pest management oversight and technical support for the US Army Pest
    Management Program for Installation Management Command (IMCOM ) Regions (except Europe and Korea)
    and ot her special installations not currently under IMCOM.
Armed Force s Pest Management Board
 DoD Pe st Management Course s - Army Sponsored Course s
Entomological Sciences Program, USACHPPM
 Entomology - Mapping Pest Populations
    The Entomologic al Sciences Program offers several avenues of support to help y ou get started with
    Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and be successful.
The Centers for Di sease Control and Prevention
    The Centers for Diseas e Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the 13 major operating compone nts of the
    Department of Health and Human Services (HHS ), which is the principal agency in the United States
    government for protecting the health and safety of all Americans .
California Invasive Plant Council (Cal-IPC)
    Invasive Plants
 Definitions and Impacts
 Invasive Plant Inventory
 Management
 Research
 Mapping
Kansas S tate Universi ty Extension Service
    [http://www.entomology.ksu.edu/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=57 ]
Report a Pest or Di sea se [US Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service]
    Website provides you with POCs within each State for reporting a plant or animal pest or disease.
Nonindigenous Aquatic Species by State [DOI. USGS. Florida Integrated Science Cent er.]
    Query for an up-to-date listing of nonindigenous species by state, sorted by taxonomic group, scientific
    name or common name.
PestTracker: State Information [USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural
    Pest Information System.]
    PestTracker is the public access website of the National Agricult ural Pest Information System (NAP IS), the
    agricultural pest tracking database of the US Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection
    Service (APHIS), Plant Prot ection and Quarantine (PPQ), Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey.
Invasive and Noxious Weed List [USDA Natural Resource s Conservation Service]
    View Federal and state noxious weed lists, an invasive plant list, or an introduced plant with links to more
    information:
          Federal Noxious Weed List
          State Noxious Weed Reports
          State and Federal Composite Li st of All US Noxious Weeds
          Invasive Plants of the US
          Introduced Plants of the US
          Pesticide s – US Environmental Protection Agency




                                                          11
Website s provide information about Pesticide s, Health and Safety, Environmental Effects, Controlling Pests,
Regulating Pesticide s, Compliance and Enforcement, Grants and Partnerships, Science and Policy,
Regions, States, and Tribes.
Pesticide s and Pests: Di sa ster Preparedness & Re spon se [National Pesticide Inform ation Center]
Pesticide s Emergencies
 Pesticide Emergencies Contacts
Preventing and Preparing for Chemical Emergencies
 Chemical Emergencies – CDC
 Di spose of Unwanted or Disa ster Pesticide s and Chemicals
 Know How to Handle and React to Chemical Products During an Emergency – FEMA
 Be Prepared for Chemical Emergencies in your Community – EPA


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                                PRODUCTS/EQUIPMENT/TRAINING

                                 UCR Biologi sts Unravel the Genetic Secrets of Black Widow Spider
                                 Silk
                                 RIVE RSIDE, CA– Biologists at the University of California, Riverside
                                 have identified the genes, and determined the DNA sequences, for two key proteins
                                 in the ―dragline silk‖ of the black widow spider – an advance that may lead to a
                                 variety of new materials for industrial, medical and military uses. The black widow
                                 spider’s dragline silk is a standout compared to ot her spider silks because of its
                                 superior strength and extensibility, a combination which enables black widow
                                 dragline silk to absorb enormous amounts of energy.

EcoSMART Kill s Bugs and is Safe for Bay Area‟s Endangered Species
   SAN FRANCISCO--(B USINESS WIRE)--EcoSMA RT, a plant oil pesticide launching at retail stores in the Bay
   Area this week, kills bugs just as effectively as traditional pesticides registered by the US Environmental
   Protection Agency, without threatening the region’s endangered animals. EcoSMART, a non-toxic botanical
   pesticide made from plant oils, has been used by large-scale commercial companies for several years and
   could easily replace traditional synthetic pesticides with support from the US EPA.


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                       CERTIFICATION, RECERTIFICATION, AND PEST
                      MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE EVALUATOR
                                       COURSES
    If you are interested in attending one of these courses, contact either Ms. Sandra Alvey, US Army
    Environmental Command, DSN 584-1214, commercial (410) 436-1214, email sandra.alvey@us.army.mil or
    Ms. Chri stine Convery, US Army Environmental Command, DSN 584-1213, commercial (410) 436-1213,
    email chri stine.convery@us.army.mil

         Click here for the AMEDD Center and School list of Certification, Recertification, and PMQAE Classes




                                                             12
         Click here for a list (AFPMB web site) of DoD training and certification courses provided by t he A rmy,
             Navy and Air Force.


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              DoD STANDARDS PESTICIDES AND DoD “EQUIPMENT” LIST
DoD policy requires that a pest management consultant approve all pesticides used commercially on DoD
installations. In addition, Army policy requires that all pesticides used on Army installations be registered by the
state in which the installation is located. Once approved by a consult ant, the installation may procure pesticides
either through the Defense Logistics Agency or through local purc hase when it is in "the best interest of the
government." Click here to see the lists on the AFPMB website


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                                         MEETINGS OF INTEREST

                                              * * * * 2007 * * * *
                                                   AUGUST

7-9 August 2007. An International Symposium – ―Managing Vertebrate Invasive Species”, Hilton Hotel, Fort
Collins, CO. The symposium will highlight research, management and public education associated with
vertebrate invasive species (mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians); hosted by the US Department of
Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service/Wildlife Services/National W ildlife Research Center.

20-24 August 2007. Principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). US Fish and Wildlife Service, National
Training Center. Location: NCTC, Shepherdstown, WV. Course De scription: This course presents the
fundamentals of integrat ed pest management (IPM), and the decision -making process that reduces risk to natural
resources, the public, and the environment from pests and pest management related strategies. The IPM
process incorporates the use of different management tools to formulat e the best management strategy when
managing pests on and off Refuges. In practice, IPM incorporates monitorin g injury levels and treatment
strategies into an overall decision -making process tailored to individual pest problems. Useful references and
information sources about IPM are provided.

                                                   OCTOBER

7-9 October 2007. AAAE Wildlife Management Workshop. Washington, DC. Registration Cont act: AAAE
Meetings Department (aaaemeetings@aaae.org). Registration is not yet available. Please check back 3 months
prior to the meeting dat e. For further information, please contact AAAE Meetings Department should you have
questions.

15-16 October 2007. Phragmites Workshop. Cornell University, Ithaca New York ―Identific ation workshop at
                                           th.‖
Montezuma Wetlands Complex October 17 This two-day workshop is intended to discuss the latest findings on
spread, impacts, genetics and cont rol methods (mechanical, chemic al and biological). A particular emphasis will
be placed on differences between native and introduced genotypes and the need to prot ect endemic genotypes.
A second emphasis will be discussion of the ongoing research to develop biological control. Several insects have
been selected and are currently being tested for their host specificity. We will review the current status and


                                                            13
potential implications for the protection of endemic genotypes. An optional workshop on Phragmit es identification
               th
on October 17 will allow participants to see native and introduced genotypes at the Montezuma Wetlands
Complex (1 hour north of Ithaca). For more information:




26 October 2007. "They've invaded Delaware, they just keep growing, and we're not taking it anymore!"
                                          th
Delaware Invasive Species Council, Inc., 8 Annual Meeting, Location: Grass Dale Center, Delaware City,
Delaware. See Meeting Flyer for more information.




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                              EQUIPMENT NEEDED/EXCESS PESTICIDES
One of the methods of ensuring that pot ential pest management resources are not inadvert ently lost is to
periodically check Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office (DMRO) sites for turn-in of pesticides as well as
equipment and related pest management materiel. The DRMO website is easy to navigate -
http://www.drms.dla.mil/




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                                     REGULATORY NEWSWATCH
A Que stion of Baiting
   Legislators take up a controversial bill that seeks to clarify what is hunting over
   bait. But Game Commission says it would legalize baiting and harm bot h wildlife
   and hunters’ image.
EPA Late on Pesticide Short List
   More than 10 years after being directed to do so by Congress, the Environment al
   Protection Agency will test 73 pesti cides for their potential to damage the
   endocrine system and disrupt the normal functioning of hormones in the body, the agency announced
   Monday.
2007 Noxious Weed Control Policy and Classification System (Feb 2007; PDF|99KB) [USDA – National
   Agriculture Library]
   Noxious weeds have become so thoroughly established and are spreading so rapidly on privat e, state,
   county, and federally-owned lands, that they have been declared by ORS 57.505 to be a menac e to public
   welfare. Steps leading to eradication, where possible, and intensive cont rol are nec essary.
Legislature Expands Pe sticide Ban
   HARTFORD — The House of Represent atives on Monday voted overwhelmingly to expand the current ban
   on pesticides from elementary schools, up to schools that have eight h grade. The bill, which would prohibit
   the use of pesticides in flower beds and school grounds, would take effect on Oct. 1 and now moves to Gov.
   M. Jodi Rell for final action. Rep. Richard Roy, D-Milford, co-chairman of the Legislative Environment
   Committee, said the so-called Integrated P est Management prot ocol is an important part of the legislation, but
   funding for it, through the University of Connecticut, was recently removed from the budget.


                                                          14
H.R. 2338. Wildlife and Global Warming
    A bill to establish the policy of the Federal Government to use all practicable means and measures to assist
    wildlife population in adapting to and surviving the effects of global warming, and for other purposes; referred
    to the Committee on Natural Resources, and in addition to the Committee on Agriculture, for a period to be
    subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the
    jurisdiction of the committee concerned (Congressional Record: May 17, 2007 [House], Page H5470). Text
    of the Bill is available here.
H.R. 1917. Endangered Species Act
    A bill to amend the E ndangered Species Act of 1973 to enable Federal agencies res ponsible for the
    preservation of threatened species and endangered species to rescue and relocate members of any of those
    species that would be taken in the course of certain reconstruction, maintenanc e, or repair of Federal or non-
    Federal manmade flood control levees; to the Committee on Natural Resources. (Congressional Record:
    April 17, 2007 [House] page H3560). Text of the Bill is available here.



       Report an Environmental Violation

    If you are experiencing an environm ental emergency or are witnessing an environmental event that may lead to imminent
    loss of life . Environment al emergencies, like oil and chemical spills and the release of radioactive materials,
    may occur from

            transportation accidents,
            events at chemical or other facilities using or manufacturing chemicals, or
            as a result of natural or man-made disaster events.

                                        To report oil and chemical spills
                                           and radiation emergencies,
                                       call the National Response Center:
                                                 1-800-424-8802

   If you want more information on reporting an environmental violation, go to the: Report Environmental
   Violations Project- general information page.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act - 7 U.S.C. s/ s 136 et seq. (1996)
   The primary focus of FIFRA was to provide federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. EPA was
   given aut hority under FIFRA not only to study the consequences of pesticide usage but also to require users
   (farmers, utility companies, and ot hers ) to register when purchasing pesticides.
    Full text of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act


    Return to Table of Contents




                                           POTPOURRI

The Fire Ant - is he really as bad as we think he is?
   Fire Ants written by Stephen Taber and published by Texas A&M Universit y Press tells us all about the
   insects. Fire Ants is a scholarly book, but it has a lot of good reading. The author, a science teacher at St.
   Edward’s University in Austin, tells about the little demons in an unbiased and easy -to-read manner.
                   Eagles, Monarchs Viewed from Above



                                                              15
    They principally feed on hatchling birds, bird eggs, mice and voles and are a tremendously valuable, effective
    and beneficial natural rodent control. ...
Awns Create Havoc for Pets
    He’s certainly right concerning the havoc that invasive awns can inflict on a dog’s feet and lower legs. In
    some instances several will penetrate simultaneously, causing severe pain, swelling and foreign body
    infection with multiple draining fistulous tracts. They can be tough for a veterinarian to find and difficult to
    remove. In addition to the lower extremities, these little darts occasionally enter a dog’s nasal passages, get
    between the eye and eyelids, and make their way into ears and gums.




                                                            16
                                 Washington State Departme nt of Ecology

      “Collection techniques also applies to collecting Aquatic Plants from any aquatic location”

                        How to Prepare and Mail Aquatic Plants for Identification


What is that plant?

We encourage lake residents to be aware of changes in the aquatic plants growing in their lake. Sometimes
these changes are the result of seasonal conditions - hot sunny summers may cause increased plant growth -
but sometimes these changes mean that a nonnative aquatic plant, like Eurasian watermilfoil, has been
introduced to the lake.

If you notice an aquatic plant whose growth seems excessive or atypical, we would like to help you identify
it (Washington State residents only please). If it is a nonnative noxious plant, we can suggest some
management options. If it is a native plant, its increased growth may be in response to excess nutrients
entering the lake. In that case, we may suggest working with your neighbors and the local government to
control nutrient sources to the lake.

If you would like to have that aquatic plant identified--here's the steps you need to follow:.

How to Collect Aquatic Plant Specimens

You can collect an underwater plant by dropping a weighted rake to the bottom of the waterbody and pulling
up the plants snagged by the rake. When possible, the entire plant, including the roots, stems, flowers or
fruits should be collected. (The flower and fruits of many aquatic plants often stick up above the water in a
spike- like arrangement).

If it isn't possible to collect the entire plant, get as much of it as you can; not just the top few inches. Some
plants have floating leaves and underwater leaves; be sure to include both types of leaves. Wash the plant in
clean water to remove algae, debris, and other adhering materials. Don't allow the plant to dry out.

Make notes of the date, location, collector's name and address, and some details about the site where the
plant was collected.

Mailing the Plant

After the plant has been washed and is free of debris, lay it carefully on a damp paper towel. Wet the towel
and squeeze most of the water out before arranging the plant neatly as if you were going to press it in a
book. Lay another paper towel on top of the plant so that it is sandwiched between the two damp paper
towels. Place the plant in a water-tight plastic bag, such as a ZipLock™ bag and put it in a regular-size
envelope for mailing. Be sure to include your name, address, E- mail address, telephone number, and a copy
                                                   17
of the notes you made when collecting the plant. Try to mail the plant on a Monday to minimize the time
the plant spends in transit. Poorly-prepared plants, or plants that sit in hot conditions often arrive in such
poor shape that they can't be identified.
                New Topics from the 2007 Annual Fire Ant Conference:

       The Land Grant Universities, through eXt ension, launc hed the new Imported Fire Ant Webpage
        during the annual Fire Ant Conference. The website cont ains valuable peer -reviewed resources for
        Army and DoD installations in the US where fire ants occur. The site includes FAQs (frequently
        asked questions); modules on management and control of fire ants, and resources. The website is
        http://www.extension.org .
     New granular fire ant bait will soon be available on the market by BASF. Approval of the new
        insecticide, Siesta™, is expected by EPA for the 2007 use season. The active ingredient is
        metaflumizone; Siesta™ acts through insect ingestion with limited contact activity. Research by Land
        Grant Universities shows that metaflumizone is a quick acting fire ant bait that gives good control.
     Scientists at the USDA, ARS, CMAVE laborat ory in Gaines ville, FL are continuing to investigate the
        first identified virus of fire ants as a possible biological control agent.
     Scientists at the USDA, ARS, Stoneville, MS laboratory have discovered two compounds from the
        leaves of American and Japanese beautyberry that are good repellents for black and red imported fire
        ants. The compounds are callicarpenal and intermedeol.
     For control of red imported fire ants in very limited, sensitive sites, 2 to 5 gallons of hot water at 70º-
        80º C can cont rol individual large, fire ant mounds. The hot water treatment works best if the mound
        is pierced wit h a stick and the water is poured down the hole made by the stick. This method may
        require a second treatment. Safety precautions need to be observed when using this technique. The
        hot water method is a very inefficient method when dealing with more than several mounds.
     Bayer Environmental Science reported a new product for the 2007 fire ant season – a TopChoice
        (fipronil) - fertilizer combination product. The fertilizer – fire ant product can be applied in the fall,
        winter or spring. Research shows fire ant control in approximately 30 days that lasted for up to 14
        months. Mound reduction occurred as fast with this product compared to TopC hoice alone. Bayer
        also has reformulated its MaxForce FC Fire A nt Bait so that it works more quickly.
     Scientists from the Taiwan Institute of Physics reported the successful use of trained beagle dogs in
        detecting fire ants in groups as small as 10 fire ants. Trained detector dogs could be useful in
        quarantine programs to prevent the int roduction of fire ants into un-infested areas and in the early
        detection and rapid response to eliminate fire ants in new areas.
For additional information, contact Dr. Herb Bolton at herbert.t.bolton@us.army.mil or 410-436-7073 or
hbolton@csrees.usda.gov or 202-401-4201.


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                                       IT’S WORTH PROTECTING




                                                       18

				
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