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					CREOL
 1996




        http://www.creol.ucf.edu
             CREOL - 2008
   The College of Optics and Photonics




         Bahaa Saleh
Eric Van Stryland, Dean; David Hagan, Associate Dean
                   Dr. James Pearson, Director - retiring
                                    Built in 1995
                                    83,000 sq. ft.
                                    85 labs
                                    21,000 sq. ft.
                                    addition, 2007
                    www.FPCE.ucf.edu
              The Florida Photonics
            Center of Excellence (FPCE)
           Nano-Photonics, Bio-Photonics ,Imaging and Display
Vision:
Establish Florida as the national leader in photonics-
based industries and industries enabled by
photonics.
Goals:
• Leverage state resources via partnerships with industry and
government
• Work in partnership with local, state and regional economic
development organizations to attract, retain and grow
knowledge-based, wealth producing industry to Florida.
                                 Building addition to house FPCE incubator
                                 Funded by Dept. of Commerce + match
            Townes Laser Institute
                             Martin Richardson
                              New Center of Excellence in Florida
                                ~$10M including 5 new faculty
                             positions in core laser technologies
                             LASERS in MEDICINE
                             LASERS in ADVANCED MANUFACTURING
                             LASERS for DEFENSE TECHNOLOGIES

Seeking Faculty candidates for two positions in -
High power fiber lasers                  Ceramic Lasers
Optical fiber fabrication

               Nufern Inc.




                                     10 x 10 x 2 cm Nd:YAG slabs
  OPTICS IS AN ENABLING, PERVASIVE
           TECHNOLOGY . . .
In the Home                      In Medicine
 TV remote                       Tattoo removal
 CD player                       Various types of surgery
 CD ROM                          Vision correction
 Motion sensor                   Various diagnostics
 Smoke detector                  Cosmetic surgery
 Light bulbs                     Blood monitors
 Etc.                            Etc.

  In the Economy
                                 In National Defense
   Telecommunications
                                  Night vision
   Bar code scanners
                                  Reconnaissance systems
   Surveying
                                  Communications
   All sorts of manufacturing
                                  Range finders
   Crop dusting
                                  Designators
   Entertainment
                                  Smart weapons
   Etc.
                                  Etc.
               EUVL Source Development
                 Martin Richardson
     UCF/Powerlase university-industry collaboration.
          Technology now being transferred to
        LP PHOTONICS, a new SOCOMO company




High rep-rate > 30kHz       24 W EUV source power - 2 multiplexed 600 W lasers
proprietary UCF droplet     27 W with new 1600 W laser – soon have ~ 60 W EUV
Focused high power lasers   100% duty cycle, low debris, long-life operation
 Highest 13.5 nm power of any laser-plasma EUV source!
 UCF/LP-Photonics just awarded a $175,000 Phase III
 grant from Florida’s new SURCAG program for new
 companies….
   Strategic Plan for College
                    taken from CREOL!

• Vision
  – Be the nation’s leader in education, research, and
    scholarship in optical science and engineering (OS&E)
• Mission
  – Provide the highest quality graduate education in optical
    science and engineering
  – Enhance optics education at all levels
  – Conduct fundamental and applied research upon which
    future knowledge-based industries can be built
  – Aid in the development of Florida and the nations’
    technology-based industries
      Academic Program
Organized Along the “other” Axis
              Control             Signal                 Communi-
              Theory    Systems Processing    Optics      cations    Electronics

                                        Optical System
                                            Design
Applied




                                        Optics Materials
                                        Optoelectronics
                                              Lasers
Fundamental




                                           Optical
                                         Properties of
                                            Solids
                                        Quantum Optics

                High    Nuclear Gravitation     Optics     Atomic     Condensed
               Energy   Physics                            Physics     Matter
                Personnel
                          Admin Staff
      Research Staff
                             18
          55
                                        Students
                                          160
 Research and
Associate Faculty
       11
                Faculty
                  26                               Total Personnel
                                                          270
       AND GROWING ~ 8 new faculty in next 5 years
        Faculty Distinctions
• 85% hold the rank of Fellow
• Boards of Directors/Officers of:
     – OSA, SPIE, LEOS, National Society of Black Physicists
•   Editors, or on the editorial boards
•   OSA Max Born Award to Boris Zel’dovich
•   Over 300 scholarly works per year
•   ICO Abbe medal to Nabeel Riza
•   OSA Wood Prize to George Stegeman
•   OSA Esther Hoffman Beller Award to MJ Soileau
•   SPIE, G.G. Stokes Award of SPIE to Shin-Tson Wu
•   SPIE, Gabor Award of SPIE to Leon Glebov
•   SPIE, Gold Medal of the Society to M.J. Soileau



                                                   http://www.creol.ucf.edu
                            Total Funding Received by Year
                       30
Funding in $Millions




                       20




                                                      FPCE


                                                             FPCE-TLI
                       10


                       0
                            FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY
                            87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 07
                                      State   C&G
           Source of Funding
                                                   State
                                                   26%



Federal
 45%




                                              Industry
                                                29%
              Total ~$20M not including TLI

          State   Industry     Federal
               http://www.creol.ucf.edu




University and Industry Partnerships
      in Optics and Photonics


 10,000 m2 CREOL building on UCF campus
             49,000 students!
                    Outline
• Importance and Prospects of Optics &
  Photonics
• The need for Optics & Photonics
• Interdisciplinary nature of graduate education
  in Optics & Photonics
• Selected success stories
  – (Science, Engineering and Industry)
• I’ll use CREOL for my examples
       UCF Technology Incubator
• Expand high tech industry in
   Central Florida.
• Help startup companies succeed.
• Facilitate tech transfer.
• Provide training and support


                                        Incubator Clients
                                        • 90 Companies served in total 4 yrs
                                             • 45 current companies
                                             • 18 graduates
                                             • Created more than 750 jobs
                                             • Average salary of $68,000
                                             • Raised $125M in venture capital
                                             • Generated more than $150M



CREOL invested $ is starting the incubator with the Colleges of Eng. and Business
       Florida’s High Tech Corridor
  not for profit government agency to promote high-tech industry in region


• Current year: $3.5M match.
     $10.3M corporate support.
• Since 1996: $45M match.
• $122M corporate support and 822 research
  projects. $405M Total Corp. Match
• Who is served? 1300 students, 300 faculty,
  and 260 companies
           Florida High Tech Corridor
             Economic Development
            Florida Photonics Cluster
     UCF Incubator Project CREOL/Bus/Eng

            SPINOFF COMPANIES
 CRYSTAL PHOTONICS INC.       OPTIUM – recent IPO
   – donated e-microscope      Raydiance (6 PhDs hired)
 Beam, Inc.
 Laser Classics               FEMTOPTICS
   – does laser crystals       OPTIGRATE
 OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS          BD DISPLAYS (new)
 LIGHT PROCESSING TECH        Pico (‘in FPCE incubator’)
 Laser Energetics             LP Photonics (‘in FPCE incubator’)
 POLARA
 Applied Photonics            Applicote (in FPCE incubator)
 NUONICS                        Inflect
                   NanoPhotonics Systems
                     Fabrication Facility
3,000 sq ft, 280 M2 clean room
       Class 100/1000


       resource center for univ &
       user facility for industry.




    Set up as a user facility for industry.


Leica 5000 + e-beam lithography
10 nm resolution!
      Examples of Spin-Offs
        and Tech-Transfer
•   Optium
•   OptiGrate OPTIGRATE
•   Holochip
•   Raydiance
•   Applicote
•   Northrop Grumman
•   AT&T
•   Sandia: System integration
•   Raytheon (Tucson): Applications
•   Lasertel
•   Prairie Tech
•   ........
                                                                    • First UCF Venture
                                                                    • Founders: G. Li, P.
                                                                      LiKamWa
      Guifang Li & Patrick LiKamWa                                  • First-Round $: Oct.
                                                                      2000, $12.5M
                1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1           1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1       • Business Space:
    Intensity
                                                                      Transmission
  Waveform
 After 90 km
                                                                      Products
  (50 ps/div)                                                         (Transponders,
                                                                      Regenerators)
    Intensity
                0   1   0   1   0   1   1    0   1    0   1     0
                                                                    • Second-Round $:
   Waveform                                                           Oct. 2006, $15M
After 115 km                                                        • IPO: October 2006;
  (25 ps/div)                                                         Market Cap: ~
                                                                      $480M
                                EAM
  Nonlinearity Compensation in Optical
              Transmission
  DWDM                               Recirculating                                    Coherent
                                                                                                                              DSP
Transmitter                              Loop                                         Receiver
                                          N  80km
                                                                                                                                            With Linear
                                                                                                                                           Compensation



A  z, t 
                        zstep                                    zstep        
                                                                                A z  zstep , t             ..
              D   1
                       
                        2
                                 
                                 
                                      N   1
                                               z 
                                                step     D   1
                                                                  
                                                                   2
                                                                            
                                                                            
                                                                         
                                                                                                             .
                                                  
                         A z  zstep  Nsteps  1 , t                                                                         A  0, t 
             ..                                                zstep
                                                         D 1 
                                                               2
                                                                            
                                                                            
                                                                                         
                                                                                      N 1 zstep   
                                                                                                                 zstep
                                                                                                           D 1 
                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                       
             .                                                                                                                             With nonlinear
                                                                                                                                           Compensation
                                                                                              Working with AT&T
                          OPTIGRATE
        Leon Glebov - Photo-Thermal-Refractive (PTR) glass
      Volume Holograms in Glass       High resolution spectroscopy
                                      Laser scanning
Writing        PTR glass
                              Writing Volume Bragg lasers
beam                          beam    Coherent coupling of lasers
                                      Spectral beam combining
                                      Spectral Narrowing
Diffracted                Transmitted
beam                      beam        WDM
                                      Conventional optics: lenses..
Reading
beam          Bragg grating



          e.g. Na doublet (0.6 nm)
          resolved without
          collimator or slit
               Extra narrow laser diode bars
                                     Leon Glebov

                                                               Rb vapor absorption
                                                      100


                                                      80




                                      Absorption, %
                                                      60


                                                      40


                                                      20


                                                        0
                                                       779.8      779.9   780.0   780.1   780.2
                                                                     Wavelength, nm



Laser diode bar from Lasertel with             Problem: find narrow band
thick PTR Bragg mirror.                        pump for Rb laser
                                                                          Solution!

                              -30                            1.2




                                      Normalized Intensity
                                                                                                          VBL
                                                             1.0   Instrument limited!
                                                             0.8
                              -40                                       30 pm
                                                             0.6

                 Power, dBm                                  0.4

                              -50                            0.2

                                                             0.0
                                                              779.7   779.8     779.9   780.0   780.1
                                                                                                                40 dB
                                                                       Wavelength, nm
                              -60

                                             free-running LDB
                              -70


                              -80
                                770                                           775                       780             785
                                                                              Wavelength, nm


Laser diode bar with thick PTR Bragg mirror emitted 30 W within 20 pm with
electric tunability over 400 pm with efficiency of 90% of the original diode bar.
Slope efficiency was 0.9 W/A.
                                                           Spectral beam combining of 5 fiber lasers

                                    C1                                                                       C1-5: Fiber laser collimators
                                                                                                             M1-9: Steering mirrors
                                                   M1                 C2
                                  M6
                                                                                  M2           C3
                              D                                       M7
                                                                                                       M3    C4
                                                                                            M8
                                                                G1                                                   M4
                                                                                                                                   C5
                                                                                                             M9
                                                                                          G2

   G1-4: Reflecting VBGs                                                                            30 cm   G3
   D: Detector or beam dump                                                                                                             M5
                                                                                                                              G4
                                               100
Diffraction efficiency, %




                                                   80

                                                   60
                                                                                        Five Yb-doped 160 W lasers (IPG Photonics)
                                                   40
                                                                                        Output power 770 W
                                                                                        Combining efficiency ~ 91.7%
                                                   20
                                                                                        Spectral power density ~ 0.38 kW/nm
                                                   0
                            1063.4 1063.6 1063.8    1064   1064.2 1064.4 1064.6         Divergence of a test beam is M2=1.15
                                             Wavelength, nm
Peter Delfyett & Raydiance




                             Ultra-short pulse
                             laser technology for
                             multiple
                             applications.
     eXtreme Chirped Pulse Amplification (X-CPA)

                                     RWGSOA                                                   Pulse Picker
         CPMLL               OI                          prestretcher                                                       Beam
                                                                                                                           shaper


                              BPF                                                                         HWP                         PBS
                 TA                               RWGSOA




                                                                                                                                FR
                                     PC                                                                       PC
                  PBS                                      CFBG
      Beam
                        FR
     shaper
                                                                                                                         lens
                                                                                             1.0

                                                                                             0.8
                        HWP




                                                                        SHG signal [norm.]
                                                                                             0.6
                                    grating compressor
                                                                                             0.4

                                                                                             0.2



>16,000x stretch/compress ratio                                                              0.0
                                                                                               -10   -5     0        5     10    15
                                                                                                           delay [ps]




                                            Peter Delfyett
             Laser Beam Steering
                           Shin-Tson Wu




                                Phase Change
                                               Position




                          Working with Raytheon
Plane Wave
                       Shin-Tson Wu

          Tunable-focus Liquid Lens
                                                             Skeleton
                                             PDMS                       Elastic
                                                                        periphery
                                                    Liquid




                                                             Artificial muscle




Liquid crystal work in Scientific American
Working with Holochip
                  Laser-Doped SiC LED                     Aravinda Kar
                  for highly pure white light
                                                      Mechanism of Light Emission
                                                      (6H-SiC (n-type) substrates)




6H-SiC N-Eu
(Red Light)          6H-SiC N-Cr
                     (Green Light)




                                                  Working with Inflect
  6H-SiC N-Al           6H-SiC (n-type) N-Al-Cr                4H-SiC (p-type) Al-Cr-Se
  (Blue Light)          (White Light)                          (White Light)

 For 6H-SiC (n-type) substrates:                    For 4H-SiC (p-type) substrates:
 Color Rendering Index = 98.3%                      Color Rendering Index = 99.4%
 CCT (Color-Coordinated Temp.) = 5409 K             CCT (Color-Coordinated Temp.) = 7722 K

      CCT of average daylight = 5500 K, which is the standard for pure white light
                                                                 Laser beam microvias - Kar
                                                                                                                           Gain medium
                                          Gain medium




                                                                                                                           Mirror        Pitchfork beam
                                      Mirror                                                       Gaussian beam
                                                                      84% within                     7% in the
                                                                      the Airy disk                  second ring
                                                                                                                                         Residue
                                                        Residue
                                                                                                                                          Cu
                                                          Cu                                                                        Polymer
                                                    Polymer

 Gaussian beam with diffraction ring: Bad for                                                                                Pitchfork beam: Good for microvias in
 microvias in nanoelectronics                                                                                                nanoelectronics
                                                                                                                                                                   46 μm
                                                                             Experimental data                                                                                           Radius, r (m)
                                1.0                                          Theoretical data                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                        0   10      20       30




                                                                                                                                                                   10
                                0.8
  Normalized laser irradiance




                                                                                                                                                                   20

                                0.6
                                                                                                                                                                                           Microvia




                                                                                                                                                   Depth, z (m)
                                                                                                                                     Polymer
                                                                                                                   46 μm                                           30

                                                                                                                                                                                           profile
                                0.4




                                0.2
                                                                                                 Working with Applicote               Copper
                                                                                                                                      film
                                                                                                                                                                   40




                                                                                                                                                                    33 μm


                                0.0
                                   -300   -200   -100        0        100     200       300                                                                                      20 μm
                                                   Radial direction (m)                                                             Polymer


Comparison between the beam                                                                      Top view of a microvia showing
                                                                                                                                     The thermal model results for
shaping calculation and experimental                                                             the embedded copper layer
                                                                                                                                     microvia profile compares well
pitchfork profile                                                                                                                    with the experimental profile
    CREOL Infrared Systems Lab
Glenn Boreman IR Antennas




         Working with NGC
   THz & mmW Material Characterization




THz laser: 300 GHz to 7 THz


                              mmW source: 90-140 GHz
            IR Frequency-Selective Surfaces (FSS)


Resonant frequency & spectral bandwidth controlled by
geometry of periodic metallic structures.
Provides control of emissivity – hence IR surface signature.
Can fabricate on plastic substrates for decals and tags.




                                              109 pixels
                   Nano-Photonics Device Group (NPDG)
                              Winston Schoenfeld

     Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) of                Autonomous Neutron Detector Arrays for
       MgCdZnO Semiconductors                      Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Detection &
                                                                  Identification
• UV/Visible Devices                               • Low Power (zero bias)
• ZnO Native Substrates                            • Lightweight                    Un-manned
• Full Visible Range                               • Rugged
                                                   • Small Form Factor
                                                                                    Surveillance
• Wet Etchable
• High Temp. Operation
    ( T > 400K)
                                                                                        5mm Device

             CdZnO
410 nm                               580 nm



                Cd Concentration
  2%                                    29%          Quantum Dot Opto-spintronic Devices
                                                      Using Conditional Faraday Rotation

World’s First Quantum
Well CdZnO LED
                                              Working with PICO
                                                      Example: Polarization Multiplexing Device
                    Imaging with Extended Depth of Focus
                                 ODALab-UCF – Jannick Rolland




Images of African Tadpole across a 4mm Depth of Focus
                                                                                600 m Axicon Lens
 Student: Kye Sung Lee
 SPIE Scholarship in Optical Engineering 2008-2009

 Acknowledgements, Partners, and Funding
 Florida Photonics Center of Excellence (FPCE), Marco Costa (MD) (Shands-UF
 Hospital), Olusegun Ilegbusi (MMAE-UCF), Huikai Xie (ECE at UF), Jean-Luc
 Nogues (Agiltek), Optical Research Associates, Julio Corsi (Precision Design
 Systems Corp.), Apollo Optical System (NY), Rochester Precision Optics (NY).
                             IR & Thertz Combs for Fast Spectroscopy


                    fs laser 1
                                                           THz


                    fs laser 2               detector                22 m




                                                                                  Dan van der Weide
                                                                                  21st Century Scholar

                                                                            NH3 puff




                                                 cm-1
                                                 965
                                                 930
                                        Frequency-comb infrared spectrometer for
       100 ms




                                        rapid, remote chemical sensing:
                                        no moving parts, coherent source (bright).
                                        remote sensing by probing the absorption
                                        spectra of NH3 vapor fluctuations 22 m away
time




                                          Prairie Technologies and Tera-X, with
                                          extensions to Agilent Technologies
       mid-infrared frequency                           Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 22, pp. 9029-9038
                                                        Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 3430-3438
Just a small sampling of what CREOL does
              for partnerships
    Completely missing work of faculty members:
    Michael Bass, Dennis Deppe, David Hagan,
    James Harvey, Pieter Kik, Patrick LiKamWa,
    Jim Moharam, Nabeel Riza, William Silfvast,
    MJ Soileau, George Stegeman, Boris Zel’dovich
    Guifang Li, and me

    And joint appointees:
    Larry Andrews, Kevin Belfield, Louis Chow,
    Eloy Hernandez, David Kaup, Michael
    Leuenberger, Robert Peale, Ron Phillips,
    Alfons Schulte, Mubarak Shah, Art Weeks,
    Cynthia Young
        UCF Researcher of the Year: Demetrios Christodoulides

                                                         Bending light around corners
                                                        http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,317931,00.html




Christodoulides, a Provost’s Distinguished Research Professor, is highly respected
among his colleagues as a brilliant theoretician and researcher in the field of nonlinear
optics.
  Graduate Student Success
• Won New Focus award $10,000
   – 3 top winners + 5 runners up + 1 this year at CLEO!
• Many other awards
• CAOS – CREOL Association of Optics Students -
      fantastic outreach program



OPTICS DAY


                                          http://www.creol.ucf.edu
Industrial Affiliates Program
             ~8 years
                    Industrial Affiliates                              Medallion Members
                                                                   Agilent Technologies
                                                                   CST of America
Life Members                                                       Melles Griot
Northrop Grumman Corporation                                       Newport Corporation
Nufern                                                             Northrop Grumman Laser Systems
                                                                   Powerlase Limited
Cobb Family Foundation
                                                                   Paul G. Suchoski, Jr.
Memoriam Member Dr. Arthur H. Guenther                             Tektronix
Memoriam Member: Dr. William Schwartz                               Lockheed Martin
Breault Research Organization, Inc.                                 New Focus
Coherent, Inc                                                       Nikon Instruments, Inc.
Crystal Photonics                                                   Opt-E
Essilor of America                                                  Optical Research Associates
General Dynamics C4 Systems         Senior Members                  Optimax Systems
Goodrich Corp.-Sensors Unlimited                                    Trumpf, Inc
JDS Uniphase                                                        Zygo Corporation
Lambda Research Corporation                                        Optronic Laboratories, Inc.
Lee Laser                                                          Photonics Online
3M Company                                                         Photonics Spectra
A C Materials                                                      R-Soft Design Group
Aerotech, Inc.       Affiliate Members                             Raydiance, Inc.
Analog Modules                                                     Ray Williamson Consulting
Applicote Associates, LLC                                          Rini Technologies
The Boeing Company
Coastal Optical Systems, Inc.
                                 All for                           Rorze Systems, Corp.
                                                                   Schott North America
DRS Optronics
Fibertek, Inc.
                               Partnership                         Sciperio, Inc.
                                                                   Siskiyou Design Instruments
Harris Corp.                                                       SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engr
HORIBA Jobin Yvon               Building                           Texas Instruments
Laser Institute of America                                         Tower Optical Corp
LaserPath Technologies
LINOS
                                 $5M/yr                            Trinity Technologies
                                                                   TwinStar Optics Coating & Crystals
Lockheed Martin Coherent Technologies                              Veeco Instruments
MZA Associates Corp.                  Ophir-Spiricon               Vytran, LLC
OKO Technologies                      Optical Society of America   X-Rite, Inc.
Olympus Industrial                    OptoSigma Corp.              Zemax Development Group                    As of April, 2008
Partnerships are Key
grow attract, retain
clusters, leverage university facilities…

   Faculty
   IP …startup ..
   Tech transfer
   SBIR - STTR

   Business
   value added, research lab …

   Community
   essential part of community, … good investment

                                 Director@CREOL.UCF.edu

 And Jeb Bush gave us $14.5M for this!
             The Future
•The transistor and microelectronics
   have been the technology of the
   20th century – enabled by optics

•Optics and Photonics is the
   technology of the 21st century
         - enabled by electronics
               Spring Thing
• Saturday, April 19, 2008 1:00 PM
• Soggy Acres (MJ Soileau’s place) 100
  Tuskawilla Rd. Winter Springs, FL 32708
• A great social event on Lake Jesup. All CREOL
  personnel and all the supporters and friends
  of CREOL are invited. Great food, drink, and
  fellowship!

				
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