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Honolulu

Honolulu
Honolulu, Hawaii Coordinates: 21°18′32″N 157°49′34″W / 21.30889°N 157.82611°W / 21.30889; -157.82611Coordinates: 21°18′32″N 157°49′34″W / 21.30889°N 157.82611°W / 21.30889; -157.82611 Country State County Government - Mayor Area - CDP - Land - Water
Aerial view of downtown from Honolulu Harbor

United States Hawaii Honolulu Mufi Hannemann 105 sq mi (272.1 km2) 85.7 sq mi (222.0 km2) 19.3 sq mi (50.1 km2) 0 ft (Sea Level 0 m)

Elevation

Flag Seal

Population (2000) 371,657 - CDP - Estimate (July 377,357 2006[2]) 909,863 - Metro Time zone Zip Code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (UTC-10) 96801-96825 808 15-17000 0366212 http://www.honolulu.gov/

Nickname(s): Crossroads of the Pacific, Sheltered Bay Motto: Ha’aheo No ‘O Honolulu (Honolulu Pride)[1]

Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii

Honolulu is the capital and most populous census-designated place (CDP) in the U.S. state of Hawaii. Although Honolulu refers to the urban area on the southeastern shore of the island of Oahu, the city and the county are consolidated, known as the City and County of Honolulu, and the city and county is designated as the entire island. The City and County of Honolulu is the only incorporated city in Hawaii, as all other local government entities are administered at the county level. The population of the CDP was 371,657 at the 2000 census, while the population of the City and County was 909,863. In the Hawaiian language, Honolulu means "sheltered bay" or "place of shelter."

History
Honolulu, Hawaii
Location in Hawaii

It is not known when Honolulu was first settled by the original Polynesian migrants to

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the archipelago. Oral histories and artifacts indicate that there was a settlement where Honolulu now stands in the 12th century. However, after Kamehameha I conquered Oʻahu in the Battle of Nuʻuanu at Nuʻuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from the Island of Hawaiʻi to Waikīkī in 1804. His court later relocated, in 1809, to what is now downtown Honolulu.

Honolulu
of the tourism industry in Hawaiʻi, with thousands of hotel rooms. The UK consulting firm Mercer, in a 2009 assessment "conducted to help governments and major companies place employees on international assignments", ranked Honolulu 29th worldwide in quality of living; the survey factored in political stability, personal freedom, sanitation, crime, housing, the natural environment, recreation, banking facilities, availability of consumer goods, education, and public services including transportation.[3]

Geography and climate
Honolulu is located at 21°18′32″N 157°49′34″W / 21.30889°N 157.82611°W / 21.30889; -157.82611 (21.308950, -157.826182).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 105.1 mi² (272.1 km²). 85.7 mi² (222.0 km²) of it is land and 19.4 mi² (50.1 km²) of it (18.42%) is water. The closest location on the mainland to Honolulu is the Point Arena, California Lighthouse, at 2,045 nautical miles (2,353 statute miles) or 3,787 kilometers.[5] (Nautical vessels require some additional distance to circumnavigate Makapu’u Point.) However, part of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska are slightly closer than California. Honolulu has a warm semiarid (BSh) climate according to Köppen classification, and enjoys warm weather and plenty of sunshine throughout the year.[6] Despite its location in the tropics, the climate (temperature, precipitation and humidity) is moderated by Hawaii’s mid-ocean location. Temperatures vary little throughout the months, with average high temperatures of 80 - 89°F (27 - 32°C) and lows of 65 - 75°F (19 - 24°C) throughout the year. Temperatures rarely exceed 90’s°F (32°C), and with lows in the upper-50’s°F (~15°C) occurring once or twice a year. Waters off the coast of Honolulu averages 82°F (27°C) in the summer months and 77°F (25°C) in the winter months.[7] Annual average precipitation is 18.3 inches (464 mm), which mainly occurs during the winter months of October through March, and very little rainfall during the summer. Honolulu has an average of 270 sunshine days and 98 wet days a year.[8]

View of the DFS Galleria in Waikīkī In 1795, Captain William Brown of England was the first foreigner to sail into what is now Honolulu Harbor. More foreign ships would follow, making the port of Honolulu a focal point for merchant ships traveling between North America and Asia. In 1845, Kamehameha III moved the permanent capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom from Lahaina on Maui to Honolulu. He and the kings that followed him transformed Honolulu into a modern capital, erecting buildings such as St. Andrew’s Cathedral, ʻIolani Palace, and Aliʻiōlani Hale. At the same time, Honolulu became the center of commerce in the Islands, with descendants of American missionaries establishing major businesses in downtown Honolulu. Despite the turbulent history of the late 19th century and early 20th century, which saw the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Hawaiʻi’s subsequent annexation by the United States, and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Honolulu would remain the capital, largest city, and main airport and seaport of the Hawaiian Islands. An economic and tourism boom following statehood brought rapid economic growth to Honolulu and Hawaiʻi. Modern air travel would bring thousands, eventually millions (per annum) of visitors to the Islands. Today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-rise buildings, and Waikīkī is the center

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Honolulu

Government

Districts
Panorama of Honolulu’s waterfront. The Honolulu District is located on the southeast coast of Oahu between Makapuu and Halawa. The District boundary follows the Koolau crestline, so Makapuu Beach is in the Koolaupoko District. On the west, the district boundary follows Halawa Stream, then crosses Red Hill and runs just west of Aliamanu Crater, so that Aloha Stadium, Pearl Harbor (with the USS Arizona Memorial), and Hickam Air Force Base are actually all located in the island’s Ewa District. Most of the city’s commercial and industrial developments are located on a narrow but relatively flat coastal plain, while numerous ridges and valleys located inland of the coastal plain divide Honolulu’s residential areas into distinct neighborhoods: some spread along valley floors (like Manoa in Manoa Valley) and others climb the interfluvial ridges. Within Honolulu proper can be found several volcanic cones: Punchbowl, Diamond Head, Koko Head (includes Hanauma Bay), Koko Crater, Salt Lake, and Aliamanu being the most conspicuous.

Completed in 1928, Honolulu Hale is the seat of the city and county. Honolulu is administered under a consolidated city-county form of government employing a strong mayor-council system. The Mayor of Honolulu holds executive privileges — as opposed to mayors with only ceremonial powers — and the Honolulu City Council serves as the legislature. Mufi Hannemann currently serves as Mayor of Honolulu. His term ends January 2, 2010. The city and county works with an annual operating budget of over $1.6 billion (2008 fiscal year.)[10] The Honolulu Fire Department and Honolulu Police Department are administered by the mayor and city council through appointed officials. Honolulu is the birthplace of Barack Obama, the current President of the United States.

Neighborhoods

Diplomatic missions
Several countries have diplomatic facilities in Honolulu CDP in the City and County of Honolulu. The Consulate-General of Japan in Honolulu is located at 1742 Nuuanu Avenue.[11] The Consulate-General of South Korea in Honolulu is located at 2756 Pali Highway.[12] The Consulate-General of the Philippines in Honolulu is located at 2433 Pali Highway.[13] The Consulate-General of the Federated States of Micronesia in Honolulu is located in Suite 908 at 3049 Ualena Street.[14] The Consulate-General of Australia in Honolulu is located in the penthouse of 1000 Bishop Street.[15] The ConsulateGeneral of the Marshall Islands in Honolulu is located in Suite 301 at 1888 Lusitana Street.[16]

View of downtown from Punchbowl Crater • Downtown Honolulu is the financial, commercial, and governmental center of Hawaii. On the waterfront is Aloha Tower, which for many years was the tallest building in Hawaii. Currently the tallest building is the 438-foot (134 m)-tall First Hawaiian Center, located on King and Bishop Streets. The downtown campus of

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Honolulu
the past decade. It is home to two major shopping areas, Ward Warehouse and Ward Centre. The John A. Burns School of Medicine, part of the University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa is also located there. A Memorial to the Ehime Maru Incident victims is built at Kakaako Waterfront Park. Waikīkī is the world-famous tourist district of Honolulu, located between the Ala Wai Canal and the Pacific Ocean next to Diamond Head. Numerous hotels, shops, and nightlife opportunities are located along Kalakaua and Kuhio Avenues. Waikīkī Beach attracts millions of visitors a year. Just west of Waikīkī is Ala Moana Center, the world’s largest open-air shopping center. A majority of the hotel rooms on Oahu are located in Waikīkī. Manoa and Makiki are residential neighborhoods located in adjacent valleys just inland of downtown and Waikīkī. Manoa Valley is home to the main campus of the University of Hawaiʻi. President Barack Obama lived in Makiki until graduating from high school, apart from four years in Indonesia. Nuʻuanu and Pauoa are upper-middleclass residential districts located inland of downtown Honolulu. The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is located in Punchbowl Crater fronting Pauoa Valley. Palolo and Kaimuki are neighborhoods east of Manoa and Makiki, inland from Diamond Head. Palolo Valley parallels Manoa and is a residential neighborhood. Kaimuki is primarily a residential neighborhood with a commercial strip centered on Waialae Avenue running behind Diamond Head. Chaminade University is located in Kaimuki. Waialae and Kahala are upper-class districts of Honolulu located directly east of Diamond Head, where there are many high-priced homes. Also found in these neighborhoods are the Waialae Country Club and The Kahala Hotel & Resort. East Honolulu includes the residential communities of ʻĀina Haina, Niu Valley, and Hawaiʻi Kai. These are considered upper-middle-class neighborhoods. The upscale gated communities of Waiʻalae ʻiki and Hawaiʻi Loa Ridge are also located here.

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Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station

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View of downtown Honolulu at Bishop and King streets with First Hawaiian Center building (left) and Bank of Hawaii (right) Hawaii Pacific University is also located there. • The Arts District Honolulu in downtown/ Chinatown is on the eastern edge of Chinatown. It is a 12-block area bounded by Bethel & Smith Streets and Nimitz Highway and Beretania Street - home to numerous arts and cultural institutions. It is located within the Chinatown Historic District.[17] • The Capitol District is the eastern part of Downtown Honolulu. It is the current and historic center of Hawaii’s state government, incorporating the Hawaii State Capitol, Iolani Palace, Honolulu Hale (City Hall), State Library, and the statue of King Kamehameha I, along with numerous government buildings. • Kakaʻako is a light-industrial district between Downtown and Waikīkī that has seen a large-scale redevelopment effort in

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• Kalihi and Palama are working-class neighborhoods with a number of government housing developments. Lower Kalihi, toward the ocean, is a lightindustrial district. • Salt Lake and Aliamanu are (mostly) residential areas built in extinct tuff cones along the western end of the Honolulu District, not far from the Honolulu International Airport. • Moanalua is two neighborhoods and a valley at the western end of Honolulu, and home to Tripler Army Medical Center.

Honolulu
In the CDP the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $45,112, and the median income for a family was $56,311. Males had a median income of $36,631 versus $29,930 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,191. About 7.9% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under the age of 18 and 8.5% of those 65 and older.

Demographics

Transportation

State of Hawaii’s Capitol building. As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 371,657 people, 140,337 households, and 87,429 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,336.6 people per square mile (1,674.4/km²). There were 158,663 housing units at an average density of 1,851.3/sq mi (714.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 19.67% White, 1.62% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 55.85% Asian, 6.85% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races; and 14.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.37% of the population. There were 140,337 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size is 3.23.

Honolulu International Airport

Honolulu International Airport reef runway

Air
Located on the western end of Honolulu proper, Honolulu International Airport (HNL)

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Honolulu
to connect to Kailua and Kaneohe on the windward side of the Island. • Likelike Highway, State Rte. 63, also crosses the Koolau to Kaneohe via the Wilson Tunnels. • Kalanianaole Highway, State Rte. 72, runs eastward from Waialae/Kahala to Hawaii Kai and around the east end of the island to Waimanalo Beach. • Kamehameha Highway, State Rte. 99, runs westward from near Hickam Air Force Base to Aiea and beyond, eventually running through the center of the island and ending in Kaneohe. Like most major American cities, the Honolulu metropolitan area experiences heavy traffic congestion during rush hours, especially to and from the western suburbs of Kapolei, Ewa, Aiea, Pearl City, Waipahu, and Mililani. Land for expanding road capacity is at a premium everywhere on Oahu.

Interstate H-1 eastbound into Honolulu CDP is the principal aviation gateway to the state of Hawaii. Kalaeloa Airport is primarily a commuter facility used by unscheduled air taxis, general aviation and transient and locally-based military aircraft.

Highways
Several freeways serve Honolulu: • Interstate H-1, which, coming into the city from the west, passes Hickam Air Force Base and Honolulu International Airport, runs just north of Downtown and continues eastward through Makiki and Kaimuki, ending at Waialae/Kahala. H-1 connects to Interstate H-2 from Wahiawa and Interstate H-3 from Kaneohe, west of the city proper. Interstate H-201—also known as the Moanalua Freeway and formerly numbered Hawaii State Rte. 78—connects two points along H-1: at Aloha Stadium and Fort Shafter. Close to H-1 and Aloha Stadium, H-201 has an exchange with the western terminus of Interstate H-3 to the windward side of Oahu (Kaneohe). This complex of connecting ramps, some directly between H-1 and H-3, is in Halawa. Interstate H-2 runs from Pearl City, through Waipio and Mililani, to Wahiawa and dissolves into a highway (Wilikina Drive) next to U.S. Army bases; Schofield Barracks and Wheeler AAF. The interstate is a convenient way to get to the island’s North Shore.

Public transportation
Bus
Established by former Mayor Frank F. Fasi, Honolulu’s TheBus system has been twice honored by the American Public Transportation Association bestowing the title of "America’s Best Transit System" for 1994–1995 and 2000–2001. TheBus operates 107 routes serving Honolulu and outlying areas on Oahu with a fleet of 531 buses, and is run by the non-profit corporation Oahu Transit Services in conjunction with the city Department of Transportation Services. Honolulu is ranked 4th for highest per-capita use of mass transit in the United States.[19]

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Rail
Currently, there is no urban rail transit system in Honolulu, although electric street railways were once used during the early days of Honolulu’s history. The first major attempt was called the Honolulu Area Rail Rapid Transit (HART) project. Originally proposed in 1968 by Mayor Neal S. Blaisdell and supported by his successor, Frank Fasi, HART was originally envisioned as a 29-mile (47 km) line from Pearl City to Hawaii Kai. By 1980, however, the project’s length was cut to an 8-mile (13 km) segment between the University of Hawaii at Manoa and Honolulu International Airport. In the wake of proposed budget cuts by President Ronald Reagan, including the

Interstate H-3 is also known as the John A. Burns Freeway, and runs from the H-1 in Honolulu to the community of Kane’ohe. Other major highways that link Honolulu proper with other parts of the Island of Oahu are: • Pali Highway, State Rte. 61, crosses north over the Koolau range via the Pali Tunnels

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elimination of all funding for transit projects by 1985, newly elected Mayor Eileen Anderson cancelled the project in 1981 and returned grants and funding to their sources,[20][21] arguing the project would break her vow of fiscal responsibility.[22].[23] After defeating Anderson in 1984 to regain the mayorship, Fasi started plans to revive the HART project. Funding avenues that Fasi explored included a substantial (66 percent) increase in the gasoline tax and diversion of money earmarked for then-stalled Interstate H-3 to be used for the project. In 1990, Governor John Waihee proposed allowing counties to collect a 0.5% increase in the excise tax to be used for transportation projects, and the state legislature approved the plan in May 1990. The counties would have until October 1, 1992 to enact the increase. In October 1991, the Fasi administration chose Oahu Transit Group to develop the rail line, which was based on cars by AEG Westinghouse similar to those used in the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit system. The U.S. House amended a transit bill to include $618 million for Honolulu’s project, about one-third of the cost, and the Council in November entered into a joint funding agreement with the state. On September 23, 1992, the City Council voted 5-4 against enacting the tax increase, which effectively destroyed the project. Fasi made unsuccessful attempts to have a rail referendum (which was struck down by the courts), and to have private investors fund part of the line. The House revoked funding for the project on May 11, 1993, citing lack of guaranteed local funding. In 2005, under the administration of Mufi Hannemann, the city, county and state approved development of an action plan for a unspecific rapid transit system, known as the "Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project", to be built in several phases. The initial line proposed linking Kapolei in West Oahu to the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Then on December 22, 2006 the city council approved a fixed-guideway system meant to accommodate a rapid transit system of rail or buses, running from Kapolei in West Oahu to Ala Moana, with spurs into Waikiki and Manoa.[24] Opponents of the proposed rail system attempted to place a measure on the Honolulu ballot which would have prohibited any rail system from being used, but failed to gather

Honolulu
the required signatures in time. In response, the Honolulu City Council voted to put a question on the Honolulu ballot which would direct the city transportation department to create a steel-wheel-on-steel-rail transit system. On November 4, 2008, the residents of Honolulu voted to allow the process of developing the rail project to continue. The trains will be approximately 200 feet (61 m) long, electric, steel wheel to steel rail technology and will capable of carrying more than 300 passengers each.[25][26] The measure passed with 52% of the vote.[27]

Cultural institutions

With symbolic native-styled architectural features, the First Hawaiian Center is the tallest building in Hawaii and home to a Contemporary Museum gallery.

Performing arts
Established in 1900, the Honolulu Symphony is the oldest US symphony orchestra west of the Rocky Mountains. Other classical music ensembles include the Hawaii Opera Theatre. Honolulu is also a center for Hawaiian music. The main music venues include the Neal Blaisdell Center Concert Hall, the Waikiki Shell, and the Hawaii Theatre.

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Honolulu also includes several venues for live theater, including the Diamond Head Theatre.

Honolulu
of Hawaiiana and Pacific culture artifacts. The Honolulu Zoo is the main zoological institution in Hawaii while the Waikiki Aquarium is a working marine biology laboratory. The Waikiki Aquarium is partnered with the University of Hawaii and other universities worldwide. Established for appreciation and botany, Honolulu is home to several gardens: Foster Botanical Garden, Liliuokalani Botanical Garden, Walker Estate, among others.

Visual arts
There are various institutions supported by the state and private entities for the advancement of the visual arts. The Honolulu Academy of Arts is endowed with the largest collection of Asian and Western art in Hawaii. It also has the largest collection of Islamic art, housed at the Shangri La estate. The academy hosts a film and video program dedicated to arthouse and world cinema in the museum’s Doris Duke Theatre, named for the academy’s historic patroness Doris Duke. The Contemporary Museum is the only contemporary art museum in the state. It has two locations: main campus in Makiki and a multi-level gallery in downtown Honolulu at the First Hawaiian Center. The Hawaii State Art Museum is also located in downtown Honolulu at No. 1 Capitol District Building and boasts a collection of art pieces created by local artists as well as traditional Hawaiian art. The museum is administered by the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts. Hawaii Craftsmen is a non-profit art organization that holds exhibitions of work by local visual artists working in three dimensional media. They hold an Annual Statewide Juried Exhibition every year (since 1967) juried by a world renowned Juror who visits Oahu, East Hawaii (Big Island), West Hawaii (Big Island), Kauai, and Maui to meet local artists and select work for the exhibition which takes place on Oahu. Hawaii Craftsmen also hosts an annual workshop series called Aha Hana Lima (Gathering of the Crafts) bringing in artists from around the world to teach new techniques to professional and amateur artists on Oahu. They also hold a three day Raku event at Waimalo Bay Beach park every summer where artists camp out with their kilns and fire work around the clock. Raku Ho’olaule’a has been going on since 1973 and has produced an unparalleled level of Raku art.

Sports
Honolulu’s climate lends itself to year-round fitness activities. In 2004, Men’s Fitness magazine named Honolulu the fittest city in the U.S. Honolulu is also home to three large road races: • The Great Aloha Run is held annually on Presidents’ Day. • The Honolulu Marathon, held annually on the second Sunday in December, draws more than 20,000 participants each year, about half to two thirds of them from Japan. • The Honolulu Triathlon is an Olympic distance triathlon event governed by USA Triathlon. Held annually in May since 2004, there is an absence of a sprint course. Fans of spectator sports in Honolulu generally support the football, volleyball, basketball, and baseball programs of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. High school sporting events, especially football, are especially popular. Honolulu has no professional sports teams. It was the home of the Hawaii Islanders (Pacific Coast League, 1961-1987), The Hawaiians (World Football League, 1974-1975), Team Hawaii (North American Soccer League, 1977), and the Hawaiian Islanders (af2, 2002-2004). The NCAA football Hawaii Bowl is played in Honolulu. Honolulu has also hosted the NFL’s annual Pro Bowl each February since 1980, though the 2010 Pro Bowl will be played in Miami.[28] From 1993 to 2008, Honolulu hosted Hawaii Winter Baseball, featuring minor league players from Major League Baseball, Nippon Professional Baseball, Korea Baseball Organization, and independent leagues.

Natural museums
The Bishop Museum is the largest of Honolulu’s museums. It is endowed with the state’s largest collection of natural history specimens and the world’s largest collection

Venues

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AreBaguio, quipa, Peru Philippines Cebu, Philippines Funchal, Portugal Baku, Azerbaijan Hainan, People’s Republic of China Kyzyl, Russia Bruyères, France Hiroshima, Japan Laoag, Philippines Caracas, Venezuela

Honolulu

Huế, Vietnam

Incheon, Kaohsiung, South Korea Taiwan, Republic of China Mumbai, India Sintra, Portugal Naha, Japan

Mombasa, Kenya

Puerto Princesa, San Juan, Philippines Puerto Rico (U.S.) Vigan, Philippines

Seoul, South Korea

Tokyo, Japan

Vladivostok, Zhongshan, Russia People’s Republic of China • Diamond Head • Hanauma Bay • Honolulu Academy of Arts • USS Arizona Memorial • Waikiki Aquarium • Waikiki Beach

Education
Colleges and universities
Aloha Stadium in ʻAiea Venues for spectator sports in Honolulu include: • Les Murakami Stadium at UH-Manoa (baseball) • Stan Sheriff Center at UH-Manoa (basketball and volleyball) • Neal Blaisdell Center Arena (basketball) Aloha Stadium, a venue for American football and soccer (football), is located in the nearby community of ʻAiea. Colleges and universities in the Honolulu community include University of Hawaii at Manoa, Chaminade University, and Hawaii Pacific University.

Primary and secondary schools
Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools in Honolulu. Private schools such as Punahou School, Iolani School, Kamehameha Schools, and Mid-Pacific Institute also exist.

Sister cities
Honolulu has sister city relationships with the following cities:[29]

Media
Honolulu is served by two daily newspapers, Honolulu Magazine, several radio stations and television stations, among other media.

References
[1] "Events, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu." City and County of Honolulu. Accessed October 14, 2008. [2] http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/ 15/1517000.html

Tourist attractions
• Ala Moana • Aloha Tower • Bishop Museum • ʻIolani Palace • Lyon Arboretum • National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific

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Honolulu

[3] "Quality of Living global city rankings [18] "American FactFinder". United States 2009 – Mercer survey". Mercer. 28 April Census Bureau. 2009. http://www.mercer.com/ http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on referencecontent.htm?idContent=1173105. 2008-01-31. Retrieved on 2009-05-08. [19] National Transit Database, Top Transit [4] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". Cities (2006) United States Census Bureau. [20] "Honolulu: trains at last?". Railway Age. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ November, 1990. http://findarticles.com/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved p/articles/mi_m1215/is_n11_v191/ on 2008-01-31. ai_9205644/pg_1. Retrieved on [5] Microsoft Streets and Trips 2007 2008-01-19. Software, Copyright 2006 by Microsoft [21] "Honolulu’s mayor ends proposal for rail Corp. et al. Kilometers converted to line in downtown area". New York Times. nautical and statute miles by figures June 28, 1981. http://select.nytimes.com/ given in The World Almanac and Book of gst/ Facts 2007, Copyright World Alamnac abstract.html?res=F20612F83A5C0C7B8EDDAF089 Education Group, p.350-353 Retrieved on 2008-01-20. [6] "Monthly Averages for Honolulu, HI". [22] Leavitt, Judith A. (1985). American Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/ Women Managers and Administrators. weather/wxclimatology/monthly/ Greenwood Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN USHI0026. Retrieved on 2008-11-07. 0313237484. [7] www.weather.com [23] "Will rail fly this time?". Honolulu Star[8] http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/ Bulletin. December 16, 1998. weatherall.php3?s=28119&refer=&units=us http://archives.starbulletin.com/98/12/ [9] "Monthly Averages for Honolulu, HI". 16/news/story2.html. Retrieved on The Weather Channel. 2008. 2008-10-12. http://www.weather.com/weather/ [24] Kua, Crystal (December 23, 2006). "All wxclimatology/monthly/graph/ Aboard!" (in English). Honolulu StarUSHI0026?from=36hr_bottomnav_undeclared. Bulletin. http://archives.starbulletin.com/ Retrieved on 2008-09-19. 2006/12/23/news/story01.html. Retrieved [10] City and County of Honolulu Department on 2008-11-21. of Budget and Fiscal Services, FY 2008 [25] http://www.khnl.com/Global/ Operating Budget (p. 17) story.asp?S=9295785 Honolulu - Rail [11] "Visa & Travel." Consulate-General of transit passes Japan in Honolulu. Accessed August 17, [26] http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/apps/ 2008. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081106/ [12] "Location." Consulate-General of South NEWS01/811060369/1001/NEWS05 Korea in Honolulu. Retrieved on January Honolulu rail might be rerouted to 10, 2009. airport [13] "Other Philippine Missions in the U.S.." [27] "Voters on Oahu say ’yes’ to rail". Consulate-General of the Philippines in Honolulu Advertiser. November 5, 2008. Chicago. Retrieved on January 10, 2009. http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/ [14] "Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas article/20081105/NEWS05/811050417. Embassies, Consulates, and Missions." Retrieved on 2008-11-05. Department of Foreign Affairs [28] Arnett, Paul; Reardon, Dave (December (Federated States of Micronesia). 30, 2008), "Miami tackles Pro Bowl", Retrieved on January 10, 2009. Honolulu Star-Bulletin, [15] "Australian Consulate-General in http://www.starbulletin.com/news/ Honolulu, United States of America." 20081230_Miami_tackles_Pro_Bowl.html?page=all&c Department of Foreign Affairs and retrieved on 2008-12-30 Trade. Retrieved on January 10, 2009. [29] City and County of Honolulu: Sister [16] "Foreign Mission." Republic of the Cities, Honolulu, 2008. Accessed Marshall Islands. Retrieved on January 2009-02-08. 28, 2009. [17] http://www.artsdistricthonolulu.com/

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Honolulu
• Hawaii Vistors and Convention Bureau • Honolulu travel guide from Wikitravel

External links
• City & County of Honolulu official site

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honolulu" Categories: Honolulu, Hawaii, Census-designated places in Hawaii, Oahu, Capitals of former nations, Neighborhoods in Honolulu, Hawaii, County seats in Hawaii, United States communities with Asian American majority populations, Settlements established in 1809 This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 17:15 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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