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Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Established: Type: President: Faculty: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Campus: Colors:

1822/1908 Private Mark Gearan 178 1970 10 Geneva, New York, USA small town Hobart: Orange and Purple/William Smith: Green and White Bart, the Statesman/WS Herons MAISA http://www.hws.edu

New York, visited Geneva in 1818, Geneva Academy (founded by the Rev. Henry Axtell) had temporarily closed its doors. Bishop Hobart had a plan to reopen the Academy at a new location, raise a public subscription for the construction of a stone building, and elevate the school to college status. By 1822, sufficient community funds had been raised to complete the stone structure, Geneva Hall, still in use today.

Geneva College
Known as Geneva College until 1852, when it was renamed in memory of its most forceful advocate and founder. Hobart College of the 19th century was the first American institution of higher learning to establish a threeyear "English Course" of study to educate young men destined for such practical occupations as "agriculture, merchandise, mechanism, and manufacturing", while at the same time maintaining a traditional four-year "classical course" for those intending to enter "the learned professions." It also was the first college in America to have a Dean of the College. Notable 19th-century alumni included Albert James Myer, Class of 1847, a military officer who "invented" the United States Weather Bureau, founded the International Meteorological Organization and the U.S. Signal Corps, and for whom Fort Myer, Va., is named; General E. S. Bragg of the Class of 1848, colonel of the Sixth Wisconsin Regiment and a brigadier general in command of the Iron Brigade who served one term in Congress and later was ambassador to Mexico and consul general of the U.S. in Cuba; two other 1848 graduates, Clarence Seward and Thomas M. Griffith, who were assistant secretary of state and builder of the first national railroad across the Mississippi River, respectively; and Charles J. Folger, Class of 1836, who was United States secretary of the treasury in the 1880s. Until the mid-20th Century, Hobart was strongly affiliated with the Episcopal Church and produced many of its clergy. This affiliation continues to the present, but the last

Mascot: Affiliations: Website:

Hobart and William Smith Colleges, located in Geneva, New York, are together a liberal arts college offering Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in Teaching degrees. Legally, the combined corporation of the two colleges, Hobart College and William Smith College, is The Colleges of the Seneca.

History
Hobart College traces its roots to Geneva Academy, founded in 1796. Hobart College proper was founded in 1822 as Geneva College and renamed in honor of its founder, Episcopal bishop John Henry Hobart, in 1852. Geneva at the time was a bustling Upstate New York city on the main land and stage coach route to the West. When John Henry Hobart, bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of

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Hobart and William Smith Colleges
college of medicine for women to be established there.

Founding of William Smith
Toward the end of the nineteenth century, Hobart College was on the brink of bankruptcy and suffering through a period of financial uncertainty. It was through the presidency of Langdon Stewardson that the college obtained a new donor, nurseryman William Smith. William Smith had already built the Smith Opera House in downtown Geneva and the Smith Observatory on his own property when he became interested in founding a college for women, a plan that he pursued to the point of breaking ground before realizing that the plan was beyond even his means. In 1903, Hobart College President Langdon C. Stewardson learned of Smith’s interest and, for two years, attempted without success to convince him to make Hobart College the object of his philanthropy. With enrollments down and its resources strained, Hobart’s future depended upon a transfusion of new funds.

Bishop Hobart. Episcopal clergyman to serve as President of Hobart (1956-1966) was Dr. Louis Melbourne Hirshson. Since then, the president of the colleges has been a layperson.

Elizabeth Blackwell
Amid those distinguished male graduates was one woman. In an era when the prevailing conventional wisdom was that no woman could withstand the intellectual and emotional rigors of a medical education, Elizabeth Blackwell applied to and was rejected - or simply ignored - by 17 medical schools before being admitted in 1847 to the medical college then affiliated with Geneva College. The medical faculty, largely opposed to her admission but seemingly unwilling to take responsibility for the decision, decided to submit the matter to a vote of the students. The men of the College, perhaps as a joke on the faculty, voted to admit her. Blackwell graduated two years later, on January 23, 1849, at the head of her class, the first woman doctor in the hemisphere. Blackwell went on to found the New York Infirmary for Women and Children and had a role in the creation of its medical college. She then returned to her native England and helped found the National Health Society and taught at the first

William Smith. Unable to convince Smith to provide direct assistance to Hobart, President Stewardson redirected the negotiations toward founding a coordinate institution for women, a plan that appealed to the philanthropist. On

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December 13, 1906, he formalized his intentions; two years later William Smith School for Women - a coordinate, nonsectarian women’s college - enrolled its first class of 18 students. That charter class grew to 20 members before its graduation in 1912. In addition, Smith’s gift made possible construction of the Smith Hall of Science, to be used by both colleges, and permitted the hiring, also in 1908, of three new faculty members who would teach in areas previously unavailable in the curriculum: biology, sociology, and psychology.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
In 1948, three of those veterans - William F. Scandling, Harry W. Anderson, and W. P. Laughlin - took over operation of the Hobart dining hall. Their fledgling business was expanded the next year to include William Smith College; after their graduation, in 1949, it grew to serve other colleges and universities across the country, eventually becoming Saga Corporation, a nationwide provider of institutional food services.

William Smith College
William Smith College was founded in 1908 (the charter was signed in 1903) as a women’s college sharing certain facilities and faculty with Hobart College but self-identifying not as a single college but as two “coordinate” institutions. William Smith College is currently engaging in their centennial celebration, which began at the Founder’s Day dinner in December 2006 and will last until September 2008.

Development of the Coordinate System
Despite some sharing of facilities, at the beginning of their relationship the two colleges were quite separate. Classes were conducted in duplicate, and women students were not allowed on the Hobart campus. Those who required access to Trinity and Merritt halls (where chemistry and physics classes were held), the library, and the Chapel traveled there on public sidewalks along the campus perimeter. The enforced separation of the Colleges eroded gradually over the years. In 1922, the first joint commencement was held, but baccalaureate services remained separate until 1942. By then, the practice of holding duplicate classes was less observed, particularly in upper-level courses with few students. In 1938, first-year courses were held in common, without any of the dire consequences that some had predicted, and by 1941 coeducational classes had become the norm. In 1943, during the administration of President John Milton Potter, William Smith College was elevated from its original status as a department of Hobart College to that of an independent college, co-equal with Hobart. At President Potter’s suggestion, the two colleges established a joint corporate identity, adopting a "family name", The Colleges of the Seneca, which still is the legal name of the combined corporation.

Campus
Hobart and William Smith Colleges’ campus is situated on 170 acres (0.69 km2) in Geneva, New York, along the shore of Seneca Lake, the largest of the Finger Lakes.

The iconic Coxe Hall, fronting the Hobart Quad. The building, named for Bishop Arthur Cleveland Coxe, is an excellent example of Jacobean architecture. The campus is notable for the style of Jacobean architecture represented by many buildings, notably Coxe Hall, which houses the President’s Office and other administrative departments. In contrast, the earliest buildings and the chapel are gothic in style. A 15 million dollar expansion of the Scandling Campus Center is projected to be completed in Fall of 2008. This will add over 17,000 additional square feet which will

World War II
Between 1943 and 1945, Hobart College trained almost 1,000 men in the U.S. Navy’s V-12 program, many of whom returned to complete their college educations when the post-World War II GI Bill swelled the enrollments of American colleges and universities.

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include an expanded cafe, new post office, and more meeting areas. Other important buildings include Gulick Hall, built in 1951 its home of the Office of the Registrar and the Psychology department. Stern Hall, 2004, houses the political science, anthropology/sociology, and economics departments. Smith Hall, built in 1907, It is home to both of the colleges Deans’ Offices along with the department offices of writing and rheoric and the various modern language departments. Williams Hall, 1907, home of the Music Department and IT services. Demarest Hall, connected to John’s Chapel. Houses the departments of religious studies, philosophy, and English and compartive literature. Also home to the Blackwell Room. In the center of the campus, the Warren Hunting Smith Library houses 385,000 volumes, 12,000 periodicals and more than 8,000 VHS and DVD videos. The surrounding eco-system plays a major role in the Colleges’ curriculum and acquisitions. The Colleges’ owns the 108-acre (0.44 km2) Hanley Biological Field Station and Preserve on neighboring Cayuga Lake as well as playing host to the Finger Lakes Institute, a non-profit focusing on education and ecological preservation for the Finger Lakes area. Seneca Lake also plays host to the ‘’William Scandling’’, a 65-foot (20 m) research vessel used to monitor lake conditions and serve as a platform for student and faculty research. The Colleges also own and operate WEOSFM and WHWS-LP public radio stations broadcasting throughout the Finger Lakes and worldwide, on the web.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges

The Colleges’ campus borders Seneca Lake. offices, athletics programs, student governments and until recently, admissions offices. Even some regulations about student life vary. Hobart College allows fraternities and Greek organizations while William Smith does not allow sororities. A male graduate receives a degree from Hobart College and a female graduate from William Smith College. Alums are always referred to in the single-sex sense of the word, as “alumnae and alumni” and any reference to the institution is always in the plural. (“colleges”) Each college celebrates their own traditions. During the academic year, William Smith College celebrates annual events such as Founder’s Day and Moving Up Day. Hobart has Charter Day, which celebrates the 1822 founding and its own honor societies: The Druid Society for Seniors (founded 1903), Chimera Society (Juniors, 1910) and Orange Key (Sophomores,1926). Each society has specific roles and functions on campus.

Academics
Hobart and William Smith Colleges offer degrees in Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Master of Arts in Teaching. The colleges follow the semester calendar and have a student to faculty ratio of 11:1. The colleges are known for the number of students that study abroad for a semester during the academic year; in recent years, between 40% and 60% of students have spent at least one semester studying offcampus. The Colleges have long been recognized for the high quality of their education and in 1961 were National Champions on the GE

The Coordinate System
When many single-sex institutions became co-ed in the 1960s and ’70s, both Hobart and William Smith retained their separate identities while integrating many aspects of student life in an arrangement called the “Coordinate System.” This tradition remains strong to this day. While the colleges share most administrative offices (there is only one President’s Office, for example) they maintain separate deans’

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College Bowl, only one of three institutions in the United States to achieve this distinction at the time. In 2004, a William Smith student was selected as a Rhodes Scholar. From 2001-2004, Hobart and William Smith Colleges saw the publication of a literary magazine, SCRY!: A Nexus of Politics and the Arts. Under the editorship of Binh Nguyen (Hobart ’04), the magazine saw some contributions from professionals and students, both. The Canadian poet/classicist Anne Carson appeared twice; John O’Brien, the founder of The Center for Book Culture, was included; the award-winning on-campus writers as Jim Crenner, David Weiss, Deborah Tall and James McCorkle submitted original poems. There were writings and artworks by students as well.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Manhattanville (hockey); and Cornell, Syracuse and Georgetown (Lacrosse). William Smith has rivalries in St. Lawrence (Lacrosse, Basketball, Field Hockey), Union (Soccer, Field Hockey, Basketball, Lacrosse) and Hamilton (Field Hockey, Basketball, and Lacrosse), and Ithaca (Crew). Hobart sponsors 11 varsity programs (basketball, crew, cross country, football, golf, hockey, lacrosse, sailing, soccer, squash, tennis), while William Smith also sponsors 11 varsity programs (basketball, crew, cross country, field hockey, golf, lacrosse, sailing, soccer, squash, swimming and diving, tennis). The Colleges compete in NCAA Division III, with the exception of men’s lacrosse, which competes in the Division I ECAC Lacrosse League. The storied Statesmen lacrosse team has compiled sixteen national championships (1 USILA, 2 NCAA Division II, and 13 NCAA Division III). The William Smith field hockey team has captured three national championships, ascending to the top of Division III in 1992, 1997, and 2000. The lone coed team, the HWS sailing team is a member of the Middle Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Association. In 2005, the Colleges won the Inter-Collegiate Sailing Association Team Race National Championship and the ICSA Coed Dinghy National Championship. The William Smith soccer team was the first Heron squad to capture a national championship, winning the 1988 title bout with a 1-0 victory over University of California, San Diego. The Colleges’ main conference affiliation is with the Liberty League with the following exceptions: Hobart hockey competes in the ECAC West; Hobart lacrosse competes in the ECAC Lacrosse League; and the William Smith golf team is an independent.

Elizabeth Blackwell Award
Given in her memory, the Elizabeth Blackwell Award is presented periodically by Hobart and William Smith Colleges to a woman who has demonstrated "outstanding service to humankind." Its recipients have included Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright (2001), tennis great Billie Jean King (1998), Wilma Mankiller (1996), first woman chief of the Cherokee Nation; the late Congresswoman Barbara Jordan (1993), the late Senator Margaret Chase Smith (1991), former Surgeon General Antonia Novello (1991), and Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor (1985), among many others.

Athletics
Hobart’s athletic teams became known as the "Statesmen" in 1936, following the football team’s season opener against Amherst College. The morning after the game, the New York Times referred to the team as "the statesmen from Geneva," and the name stuck. The nickname for William Smith’s athletic teams comes from a contest held in 1982. Several names were submitted, but "Herons" was selected because of the strong and graceful birds that lived near Odell’s Pond. These ominous birds frequently flew over the athletic fields as the teams were practicing. Hobart’s archrival in football is Union College in Schenectady, New York. Other team rivalries include Rensselaer (football, basketball); Rochester (football); Elmira and

Notable alumnae and alumni
See also: Category:Hobart and William Smith Colleges alumni • Dr. Willis A. Adcock (1944), invented the silicon transistor, member of team that developed the atomic bomb

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• Jeffrey L. Amestoy (1968), Former Vermont attorney General and Chief Justice • Melissa Bank (1982), Author of The Girls Guide to Hunting and Fishing. • Lauren Bessette (1986), prominent New York City investment banker and the late sister-in law of John F. Kennedy Jr. • Elizabeth Blackwell (1849), first woman awarded a Doctor of Medicine degree in the United States, graduated from the medical school of Geneva College. • Eric Bloom (1967), singer, songwriter, guitarist, and keyboardist, most recently of Blue Öyster Cult. • General Edward S. Bragg, (1848) Iron Brigade leader and Congressman from Wisconsin. • Edward "Joe" Crone, World War II POW who served as Kurt Vonnegut’s model for Billy Pilgrim in Slaughterhouse Five. • Chris Carlin (1995), sportscaster for the nationally syndicated radio show Imus in the Morning. • Christian Camargo (Minnick) (1992), Actor, various movies and series, including Dexter, Fast, Inc., All My Sons (broadway). • Dr. Harry Coover (1941), the inventor of "super glue". • Robert Cullen (1937), head Sprint Football Coach, Cornell University. • Pascal C.J. DeAngelis - Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New York • Frank Dwyer, major league baseball player • Jeremy Foley (1974), Athletics Director at the University of Florida. • Charles J. Folger (1836), United States secretary of the treasury in the Chester A. Arthur administration. • Rodney Frelinghuysen (1969), United States Congressman representing New Jersey’s 11th congressional district. • Dr. Robert Peter Gale (1966), Leukemia and bone marrow disorders expert; Coordinated medical relief efforts for victims of the Chernobyl nuclear power accident. • Dana Glaser, Producer, The Today Show on NBC. • Evelyn Tooley Hunt (1926), Originator of American style of Haiku; Her poem Taught Me Purple was the inspiration for the book The Color Purple by Alice Walker.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
• Holman W. Jenkins Jr, The Wall Street Journal editorial board member, policy commentator • Abigail Johnson, heir apparent to Fidelity Investments • Alan Kalter (1964), actor, announcer from The Late Show with David Letterman • Rich Keefe (2006), Radio personality for Sports Radio WGAM The Game • Richard R. Kenney (1878), U.S. Senator, Delaware 1895 - 1900 • Matthew Ketaineck, sports journalist and ESPN researcher. • Joseph M. Kyrillos, New Jersey state Senator. • Matt Lamanna (1997), paleontologist responsible for several major discoveries. • Eric Lax (1966), author, biographer for Woody Allen and Humphrey Bogart, amongst others. • Reynold Levy, President of New York City’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. • Warren Littlefield (1974), head of programming for Sony Pictures Television and the former president of NBC Entertainment. • Christopher McDonald, actor (Happy Gilmore, Requiem for a Dream, The Perfect Storm Quiz Show) • Herbert J. McCooey, 25 year member of the New York Stock Exchange, one of the most notable personalities on the NYSE. Partner of Wagner Stott Bear. • Arch Merrill, Rochester journalist and author of 26 books on local history and lore of the Genesee Country. • Arthur Wheelock Moulton (1897) Episcopal bishop of Utah. • Albert J. Myer, father of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, U.S. Weather Bureau. • The Rt Rev. George Packard (1966) Episcopal Suffragan Bishop of the Armed Forces. • Dewitt Parshall, artist known for his western landscapes. • Leo C. O’Neil, CEO Standard and Poor’s • Edward Regan was Comptroller of New York in 1978 and president of Baruch College from 2000-2004. • Milissa Rehberger (1993), reporter, MSNBC • Robert Rusack (1947), was the fourth Episcopal Bishop of Los Angeles, California.

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• William "Bill" Scandling (1949), Founder of the college meal plan, founder of Saga Corporation (sold to Marriott Corp., 1986). • Kent Smack (1997), 2004 Athens Olympian. Stroke seat of Mens Heavyweight Quadruple Sculls. • Judge Herbert J. Stern (1958), Federal Judge, US Attorney, prosecuted Malcolm X killers. • Jeffrey Talbot, Epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. • Jon Wallach (1989), sports broadcaster, WEEI • Ben J. Wattenberg (1955), Journalist, PBS Host, and former speech writer for President Lyndon Johnson. • Bill Whitaker (1973), CBS News Correspondent for the CBS Evening News. • Andrew Dickson White, co-founder and first president of Cornell University, diplomat, and historian. Transferred to Yale University after one year. • Dorothy H. Wickenden (1976), Executive Editor of The New Yorker. • George Washington Woodward, US Congressman from Pennsylvania and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania • Brock Yates (1955), screenwriter of the film Cannonball Run and editor in chief of Car and Driver magazine.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
• Deborah Tall, Professor of English and Comparative Literature, noted poet and editor of "The Seneca Review". Official website • Jack Harris, Professor of Sociology, Researcher on Vietnam and masculinity studies. Official College Bio • David Ost, Professor of Political Science, author of multiple works, including "The Defeat Of Solidarity: Anger and Politics in Postcommunist Europe. Official College Bio • Mark Gearan, President of Colleges, former White House Deputy Communications Director for President Bill Clinton, and former Director of the Peace Corps • Maynard Smith, philosopher. • Graham Moller- Author, Historian, Deep Sea Diver • Clifton Hood, Professor of History author of 722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York • Iva Deutchman, Professor of Political Science and Co-host of Plato’s Cave, aired nationally on NPR affiliates. • Benjamin Fish Austin (1850-1933), Campaigner for Women’s Education. Also a renowned proponent of the Spiritualism movement • Matthew Kadane, Assistant Professor of History, main songwriter (along with brother Bubba) of Bedhead and The New Year. • Craig A. Rimmerman, Professor of Public Policy, author of many publications, specifically The New Citizenship

Notable faculty
• William Robert Brooks (1844–1922), was an American astronomer who specialized in comet discovery and has some periodic comets named for him. • Elon Howard Eaton, founded the biology department and was state ornithologist and author of bird books. • Joseph Healey, PhD, former Dean of Hobart College, is now the headmaster of University Liggett School. • H. Wesley Perkins, Professor of Sociology and the author of "Father of Social Norms Marketing." • Michael Dobkowski, Professor of Religious Studies, author of multiple works including "The Tarnished Dream". Official Faculty Bio • David Weiss, Professor of English and Comparative Literature, author of "The Mensch" and noted poet

See also
• WEOS - English language radio station operated by the colleges • WHWS-LP - Spanish language radio station operated by the colleges

External links
• Hobart and William Smith Colleges Web site • HWS Athletics Web site • Solidarity, 25 Years Later by David Ost • Study Abroad program in Rome • WEOS Radio website

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Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hobart_and_William_Smith_Colleges" Categories: Liberty League, ECAC Lacrosse League, Geneva, New York, Liberal arts colleges, Ontario County, New York, Universities and colleges in New York, Hobart and William Smith Colleges alumni, U.S. Route 20, Educational institutions established in 1822, Educational institutions established in 1906 This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 20:02 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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