ROSALIA POVERTY REDUCTION PLAN 2009 – 2012 Adopted August 2009 Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team Wendy Arwine Jessica Billings Erin B

Document Sample
ROSALIA POVERTY REDUCTION PLAN 2009 – 2012 Adopted August 2009 Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team Wendy Arwine Jessica Billings Erin B Powered By Docstoc

                         2009 – 2012

                 Adopted August 2009

      Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team
(Wendy Arwine, Jessica Billings, Erin Braun, Gerry and Linda Campbell,
Marcy Campbell, Rita Crowl, Sanford Foster, Brady Kiesz, Nan Konishi,
        Margaret Leonard, Paul Nesbitt, and Amanda Rich)
Rosalia Visioning Plan Table of Contents:

Community Background
    Contains a brief history and context for the community

Public Participation – Community Outreach
      Contains a summary of the public participation process

Plan Development
      Contains a summary of the planning process

Plan Priorities
      Contains the specific and details Plan action recommendations

      Short-Term (2010)
       Creation of a “HUB” Community Facility

      Intermediate Term (2011)
       Promotion of Cooperative Business Development


      A - Plan Executive Summary
      B – Strategic Planning Process
      C - Public Participation Summary
      D – Visioning/Planning Session Agenda
      E – Partial List of Visioning Attendees
      F - Visioning Youth Involvement Options
      G - Community Poverty Reduction Survey
      H – Visioning Survey Results
      I - Rosalia Demographic Profile
Community Background

        Rosalia established a post office in 1872 and the following year the stage route was
modified to include Rosalia on the twice weekly route between Walla Walla and Colville. The
Palouse branch of the Northern Pacific Railroad was built in the summer of 1886 and reached
Rosalia in October. The town and surrounding areas grew and in 1877 the first school house
was built. Rosalia was incorporated in 1894. In 1907 this had been enlarged to a seventeen
room school. Historians note that the growth of the town was steady after the completion of
the railroad only losing one business in the panic of 1893. The business community continued
to grow and the residents built a fine community on the north end of the Palouse with a rich
family farming tradition in grains, lentils, and agriculture of many sorts.
        The community involved in the Horizons project also claims participants residing in Pine
City where a lumber mill once operated just four miles from the town; Malden, once the
location of the Columbian Division of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad. Its
population blossomed to over 2,000 between 1918 and 1922. When it ceased to be a division
point for the railway in the 1970’s, the population steadily declined and today its only business
is a pop vending machine and local post office; Thornton, was platted in 1889 the same year
that the railroad was constructed and today is a small community of residents; Oakesdale was
platted in the spring of 1877. All these communities have sprouted, it seems, from the need
for rail service to supply transport for the vast grain shipments in the area. Servicing Oakesdale
was the Northern Pacific, Great Northern, Union Pacific and the Chicago, Milwaukee and St.
Paul railroad companies.
        The Rosalia community is located 33 miles south of Spokane, which is the second largest
city in Washington. Spokane has an excellent medical community and four universities and
two community colleges. We are along Highway 195 and just inside the northern border of the
richest grain producing county in the state, Whitman County. Washington State University,
Pullman and the University of Idaho, Moscow are forty-five minutes south of our town. We are
ideally situated between metropolitan areas in an area of quiet and beauty with abundant
recreation. We simply have little commercial activity locally.
        In the early 1900’s, Rosalia had fourteen trains pass through each day bringing
commercial customers to the area. The population at its peak was around 2,000. The railroad
line is used far less today. A now retired business owner says that, in 1962, there were more
than 40 businesses active in town. In 1976 the state highway bypassed Rosalia. From that
point onward we have experienced a steady decline in businesses and residents. With the
economic situation as it finds us in 2009, we are fortunate to have the business that we have
here. Rosalia’s 650 residents have had to become resilient and resourceful in order to remain.

Public Participation – Community Outreach

      The Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team elected early on to undertake a community wide
poverty reduction survey. This survey, which is presented in Appendix G, asked neighbors,
residents, faith communities and business owners their opinions about which set of pre-
selected community strategies might best reduce poverty in the greater Rosalia area.
Respondents were guided to address strategies that build individual personal and household
assets, increase community capacity, and influence public policy.

      Surveys were largely distributed by hand at churches, food banks, Chamber of
Commerce meetings, LeadershipPlenty training sessions, and a wide variety of community
businesses and special events. (The goal was to reach at least 15 percent of the greater Rosalia
community population. The town of Rosalia proper is only 648 people in size).

       In total, the Rosalia Horizons Team gathered and analyzed 94 surveys. Approximately
500 surveys were printed and mostly distributed. A total of 124 people offered direct input
into the development of this Plan (or approximately 19% of the entire town’s population).

Plan Development

      The Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team decided upon a day-long (Saturday) “Visioning”
process to maximize the opportunity for as many neighbors and residents to participate as
possible. (The Agenda is attached in Appendix D). Between 8:30am and 3:30pm on June 20 th
approximately 21 residents gathered to actively participate in the formulation of the below

      The planning process guided participants through the following steps:
      Step 1. A small group open brainstorming session of all possible ideas, solutions and
      strategies to reduce poverty.
      Step 2. A larger group refinement and prioritization of those same ideas, solutions and
      strategies organized around individual assets, community capacity and public policy.
      Steps 3 and 4. At this juncture the community survey results and the youth opinions
      were entered for consideration and reprioritization. All participants were asked to
      ‘stand aside’ from their personal opinions and consider the viewpoints and opinions of
      those who were not present, but completed the survey or spoke for the voice of youth.
      Step 5. In this Step participants were guided to consider the unique opportunities of 10
      strategic community assets (public infrastructure, telecommunications, food systems,
      tourism, energy, food/nutrition, housing, health care, workforce/jobs, and
      business/economic development. Research suggests that each of these assets can be
      significant in reducing rural poverty.
      Step 6. Involved a reprioritization of all these possible local ideas, solutions and
      Step 7. Involved a traditional SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and
      threats) to the prioritized list of ideas, solutions and strategies each working group was
      coming up with.
      Step 8. This step involved, once again, a reprioritization, based upon the additional
      information and insights from the SWOT analysis. By now, the actual number of
      prioritized ideas, solutions, strategies and/or projects was to be narrowed to only 5 in
      each of the three category areas.
      Step 9. This step involved evaluating these top 5 priority actions by utilizing a series 26
      “hard” and “soft” criterion to better assess their likely capacity to actually reduce
      poverty and achieve their desired outcomes. This was a weighted point exercise where
      project actions were then arranged by numeric results.
      Step 10. Finally, the final activity of the day, then involved the beginning of actually
      writing specific goals, outcomes, tasks, identify existing and needed assets, budgets and
      who would be responsible for implementing each step of the plan for each project
      action. This concluded the work by the general public in developing the plan and it was
      then turned back over to the Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team for refinement and final
      writing into this Plan document.

Plan Priorities

       This section of the Plan contains the final prioritized action items which the Rosalia
Horizons Leadership Team has adopted for this 2009-2012 Poverty Reduction Plan. They are
organized and presented by year and by activity (or outcome) category. They now become the
policy guidance for the future and ongoing work of the Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team until
such time as they are amended or the Plan is updated. Please consider how you personally
and/or your organization can participate in successfully implementing these action
recommendations. Individual worksheets for each action item follows this summary:

      Short-Term (2009-2010)
       Creation of a “HUB” Community Facility

      Intermediate Term (2010-2011)
       Promotion of Cooperative Business Development
August 2009
Rosalia Horizons Poverty Reduction Project

        Dear Fellow Rosalians:

         On Saturday, June 20th a couple dozen neighbors gathered at the Community Center to develop a long -range
poverty reduction plan for the Horizons project. Horizons is a project of the Northwest Area Foundation is partnership
with WSU Extension.
         Below is a very brief summary of that Visioning Session and our proposed action strategies. Their success is
entirely dependent upon your direct involvement. Please join us as we move forward toward implement.
         Come learn more at our August 28th report out BBQ between 6:30 and 8:00pm on Main Street.

        Thanks, Your Horizons Leadership Group

         As a requirement of the Foundation and the program, the Horizons Leadership Group kicked -off the planning
process by conducting a community-wide survey during May. That information was tabulated and brought forward at
our day-long June 20th Visioning session. During that session, participants were asked to identify the best possible
poverty reduction strategies in three areas: individual asset development (IAD), community capacity (CC) and public
policy (PP). A total of 10 strategies were evaluated, voted upon, and prioritized. The final step involved the Leadership
Group identifying those that were most likely to succeed and then organized them into either short-term, intermediate
term or long-term for purposes of implementation.

Plan Content
        The months of July and August have been spent by Horizons volunteers organizing these strategies, writing them
up into a Strategic Action Plan, of which this is the Summary, and then sharing and promoting t hem. As mentioned
above, here then are the Rosalia Horizons Poverty Reduction Strategies;

        Short-Term (2009-2010):
         Create or join in the formation of a community-wide, broad purpose nonprofit corporation (CC)
         Recruit a new grocery/convenience store (IAD)
         Create a community “HUB” for revitalization and growth (CC)

        Intermediate Term (2010-2011):
         Help form a series of business cooperatives (CC)

        As you can see, many of these strategies are actually ongoing and need to be monitored and evaluated for
success. Most also require meaningful partnerships with other community/County groups and organizations. As a living
document, this plan should be review annually and strategies reprioritized.

Next Steps
        Now that we have an adopted Strategic Action Plan we need to recruit volunteers and begin implementing it. To
support our efforts, the Northwest Area Foundation will make a direct financial investment and WSU Extension will help
design necessary training and technical assistance input.
        In order for Rosalia to successfully secure a remaining $3,000 training grant along with an additional $10,000
project grant, we need your active support and involvement. And now!
        So, we need your help! Please consider which of these action projects excite you and how you’d like to help
make it a reality. Please contact Paul (at 954-7951) or Amanda (at 879-7069) if you’d like to volunteer OR attend any
of our monthly meetings on the 1st and 3rd Sundays beginning at 7:00pm at the Performing Arts Center.
Appendix B
                                         Inland Northwest HORIZONS

May 2009
Goal: reach 15% of community through surveys and related public input processes

LTeam reviews/revises community survey

LTeam identifies where to distribute and how to collect community surveys

LTeam develops a shortened print survey for area newspapers and coordinates circulation dates

LTeam gathers surveys and tabulates the results

June/July 2009
Goal: reach upwards of 50 people in face-to-face long-range visioning or strategic planning process sessions

LTeam organizes and promotes a 2-part evening“visioning” process for all community members

Date 1:_________________________________
Date 2:_________________________________

LTeam summarizes results of process into a 3 year strategic plan

July/August 2009
Goal: publicize the plan as broadly as possible and begin building specific capacity to implement plan toward implement

LTeam reviews outcomes from strategic planning process and identifies priorities and next steps

LTeam identifies specific training and capacity building knowledge and experience it must gain to fully implement the
community plan

LTeam schedules, plans and conducts a public “report out” session to publically share plan and recruit community

LTeam schedules training and capacity-building sessions and implements plan priorities
Appendix C
Inland Northwest HORIZONS Project
Communities a re obligated to seek broad and crea ti ve community i nput to rea ch thei r 15% communi ty pa rti cipa tion goals. These s tra tegies may
include, but a re not limi ted to: fa ce-to-fa ce meetings , print surveys , blog/web surveys , pri nt ads , youth a cti vi ties (such as drawing or essa y or
communi ty photography contests , etc.), and/or pers onal invi ta tions to elected offi cials and a ppropriate a gency di rectors . All acti vi ties mus t be
documented below;
                                                    Rockford (pop: 413=62 goal) Rosalia (pop: 648=98 goal) Tum Tum (pop: 210=32 goal)
Community Print Surveys:                             500/100                        500/103                        500/122
4/9 Visioning Training                               10/7                           9/9                            5/5
Rockford Churches                                    30/9
Rockford Lions Club                                  15/3
Rockford Fair Board                                  12/3
Rockford Banner Bank                                 30/10
Rockford LT/Horizons Meetings                        8/6
Rockford Liquor Store                                50/31
Rockford LP Report Out Evening                       23/18
Rockford City Council Meeting                        8/2
Rockford Community Center Events                     10/10
Rockford Grange Meeting                              10/1

Rosalia Churches                                                                    45/5
Rosalia LT/Horizons Meetings/LP Meetings                                            135/37
Rosalia Team Town BBQ                                                               90/20
Rosalia Chamber of Commerce                                                         35/3
Rosalia Senior Lunch                                                                25/0
Rosalia Lions Club Meeting                                                          25/3
Rosalia Town Council Meeting                                                        20/2
Rosalia Banks                                                                       35/4
Rosalia Restaurants                                                                 25/5
Rosalia Barbershops                                                                 10/2
Rosalia Farmer’s Market/Roots n Shoots                                              15/3
Rosalia Battle Days Festival                                                        35/8
Rosalia Texaco Visitor’s Center                                                     5/2

Tum Tum survey at Suncrest Supermart                                                                               200/81
Tum Tum Weekly Senior Potluck                                                                                      30/8
Tum Tum LT/Horizons Meetings                                                                                       15/7
Tum Tum LP Gatherings/Trainings                                                                                    28/10
Tum Tum Chamber Meetings                                                                                           30/12
Tum Tum Food Bank                                                                                                  16/3
Horizons Meetings – Misc                                                                                           20/6
Placemats                            575
Print Ads                                                                                                          ?
Press Releases                       ?
Postal Mailout (invites)             0                                              0                              745
Community Blog Surveys:              0                                              0                              0
Youth - photo shoot                  0                                              0                              1

Visioning Sessions                                   23                             21                             36

TOTAL COMMUNITY CONTACTS                             Rockford Total = 698           Rosalia Total =124             Tum Tum Total = 904
Note: numbers may not reconcile due to duplicated counts from multiple events
Current as of: August 28, 2009
Appendix D
Inland Northwest HORIZONS Project

                         VISIONING SESSION AGENDA:

#1 All Day - Morning Session:

7:30am        Set-Up and Food Delivery; Put up Flip Charts and Work Sheets
7:45am        Registration, Check In, Visioning Community Surveys if necessary, Dining
8:30am        Welcome
8:30am        Overview of Horizons and Visioning Process
               Sheet on Horizons Cycle
               Sheet on Planning Process
8:35am        Identifying Community Needs and Opportunities
               Sheet on 7 Pillars of Community Prosperity
               Sheet on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs
8:40am        Worksheet #1 – Brainstorming General Actions/Approaches for Prosperity (Step 1)
9:00am        Worksheet #1 – Brainstorm Refinement (Step 2)
9:20am        Introduce Community Survey Results from Flip Chart (Step 3)
9:35am        Introduce Youth Involvement/Input (Step 4)
9:40am        Worksheet #2 – Identifying Critical Community Assets (Step 5)
10:00am       Stretch Break
10:10am       Worksheet #1 – Reprioritizing all Community Prosperity Options/Strategies (Step 6)
10:30am       Worksheet #1 – SWOT Analysis (Step 7)
11:00am       Worksheet #1 – Final Reprioritization (Step 8)
11:30am       Lunch

#2 All Day - Afternoon Session:

12:00pm       Welcome Back
12:00pm       Overview of Horizons and Visioning Process
               Sheet on Horizons Cycle
               Sheet on Planning Process
12:05pm       Review of Worksheet #1 Step 8 – Final Reprioritization
12:15pm       Worksheet #3 – Vetting Your Top 5 Strategies
1:00pm        Reprioritization of Final Strategies (question: it might be feasible, but is it supported!!)
1:15pm        Worksheet #4 – Strategic Action Planning Worksheet
2:15pm        Break
2:30pm        Finish Strategic Action Planning Worksheet
3:20pm        Next Steps
3:30pm        Adjourn
Appendix E
Inland Northwest HORIZONS Project

Frank Nesbitt
Rita Crowl
Brittany Baugh
Justeen Cerda
Margaret Leonard
Mary Ann Bowman
Shuree Dawn
Mardi Traum
County Extension Director Janet Schmidt
Patty Cooper
City Council Member Nan Konishi
Jessica Billings
Marcy Campbell
Reed Harston
Don Brown
Sanford Foster
Mike Day
Amanda Rich
Paul Nesbitt
Linda Campbell
Appendix F
Inland Northwest HORIZONS Project
As we quickly transition in the Visioning and longer-range strategic planning phase of your
Horizons grant, we need to be mindful of special populations that have perhaps been under-
represented. One that comes to mind are youth.

I can very quickly think of two possible strategies that might help you engage youth during this

First, we can engage youth, especially middle school age youth, through the use of
photography. Two options: first, I have purchased 40 disposable cameras which 1 or 2
communities could split (or I could purchase more if the interest is there). The Leadership
Team would need to identify a school or community (like 4-H or Girl Scouts troupe or church
youth group, etc) group to work with. The cameras could be distributed the week of May 18 th
with the kids shooting pictures until Memorial Day. Then I would gather the film and develop
pictures to be put on boards for the evening Visioning sessions. The second option, would be
similar to above, but I recruit/borrow a dozen or so digital cameras from WSU and the
Leadership Team schedules a 2 or 3 hour “shot” in which the kids get the cameras and shoot
25 pictures and then we download them onto a community picture and print from there.
(Here the quality would be better for future community use). This could happen within a
similar timeframe.

Second, we can engage high school youth, especially freshman and sophomores, in an essay
contest. The 4 winners per community could be fully scholar shipped to attend the June 28-30
4-H Teen Conference in Pullman at WSU. These essays could be due by May 29 th and
announced the evening of your first Visioning session. They could also be on display that night.
The LTeam would make the decisions/selections/announcements.

What I think we’re looking for are pictures and words that speak to the places and people that
kids like and that nourish them and likewise those that are “opportunities for improvement.”
The essay contest would require a more interesting prompt….

Your thoughts? Whatever way we can creatively engage under-represented groups and also
make them feel wanted and an important part of the community we should. Now is the time
to really push to get their voice heard and their future defined!

We need to move very quickly, so please let me know – through your LT Chairs – how you’d
like (or if you’d like) to proceed by May 12th!! Thanks, Patrick.
Appendix G

                              REDUCTION SURVEY
       The Rosalia Horizons Leadership Team, comprised of your Rosalia neighbors, is
beginning to prepare a strategic action plan to reduce poverty through the year 2012. (This is
the third and final development step in our 18-month long Horizons* community leadership
project which began in September 2008). The first step is to survey residents and community
members to see what they feel are the most important and promising strategies to adopt. The
next, second step will be to hold a community meeting (June 20 at the Rosalia Community
Center) to gather additional public input and to write the action plan. Please plan on attending
and bring friends/neighbors!
       Today, we’d like to invite you to take the following survey. All answers are strictly
confidential! All input will help us shape the above mentioned Action Plan! Your input is very
important and all ideas will be considered in plan development.
       This survey is organized around three guiding poverty reduction goals identified by our
funder, the Northwest Area Foundation. They include: increased individual assets/wealth
among low income people, increased community capacity to achieve sustainable prosperity,
and improved public policy solutions to reduce poverty.

        Let’s start with a little information about you:

   1. How many years have you lived in the community? ________

   2. Please indicate your gender and age: Male _____                   Female _____
      <18____ 18-24 ____ 25-34 ____ 35-44 ____ 45-54 ____               55-64 ____ 65+ _____

   3. Would you describe Rosalia as a place where people mostly help one another or a place where people
      mostly go their own way?    Help one another _____ Go their own way ____

   4.   Please identify your ethnic background: Caucasian/White _____ Mexican American ____
        Native American/Indian ____          Asian American _____     Latino/Hispanic _____
        Other (please specify)________________________________

   5. Please check, and rate, the following activities/strategies which you believe are “ important” to
      reducing poverty in Rosalia by the year 2012 (please mark all that apply):
                                            Very Important Important   Somewhat Important Not Important
Increased Individual Assets:
     Increase financial literacy/education     _____       _____          _____            _____
     Promote earned income tax credit          _____       _____          _____           _____
     Promote individual development accounts   _____       _____          _____           _____
     Promote home repair/energy savings        _____       _____          _____            _____
       Promote banking and savings                   _____       _____           _____            _____
       Promote homeownership                        _____        _____           _____           _____
       Promote self-employment                      _____        _____           _____           _ ____
       Promote micro-enterprise                     _____        _____           _____           _____
       Promote reduced health care costs            _____        _____           _____           _____

Increased Community Capacity:
     Improve community leadership skills             _____        _____          _____           _____
     Promote job expansion                           _____        _____          _____           _____
     Recruit new businesses                          _____        _____          _____           _____
     Start a “Buy Local” campaign                    _____        _____          _____          ____ _
     Reduce crime                                    _____        _____          _____          _____
     Reduce drugs/alcohol/tobacco use                _____       _____           _____          _____
     Create a buying cooperative                    _____         _____          _____          _____
     Expand workforce training                       _____        _____          _____          _____
     Create a youth jobs mentoring program           _____        _____          _____          _____
     Improve community communication                _____        _____           _____          _____
     Start a youth/community center                 _____        _____           _____           _____
     Start an entrepreneurship program              _____        _____           _____           _____
     Increase tourism                               _____        _____           _____           _____
     Improve fixed income transportation            _____        _____           _____           _____
     Promote community recreation                   _____        _____            _____          _____

Improved Public Policy:
    Increase funding for early, childhood ed         ______      ______          ______          _____
    Enact a living wage ordinance                    ______      ______          ______          _____
    Enact first source hiring agreements             ______      _____           _____           _____
    Lower taxes for business start-ups               _____        ______         _____           _____
    Revise tax structure                             _____       ______          _____           _____
    Better fund economic development efforts         _____       _____           _____           _____
    Promote renewable energy                         _____       _____           _____           _____

    7. What ONE project, activity or strategy do you think Rosalia should undertake to most reduce poverty and
       promote community prosperity? Explain:


*Horizons is a project of the Nor thwest Area Foundation managed through Washington State University Extension. For more
information contact community coach Patrick Malone at 509.279.5107 or
Appendix H
Number of Years in Community
Less than 1                                    3
One to Three Years                             15
Four to 7 Years                                17
Seven to Fifteen Years                         11
More than 15 Years                             16

Indicate Gender and Age
Male                                           19
Female                                         36

Youth to Age 18                                15
Age 18-24                                      7
Young Adult Age 19-34                          6
Less Young Adults age 35-54                    17
Adults Aged 55 and more                        17

Is community helpful to one another?           Yes 43      No 20

                                               Very Imp.   Important   Somewhat   Not Impt.
Increased Individual Assets
Increase financial literacy/education          39          15          5          1
Promote earned income tax credit               14          20          15         11
Promote individual development accounts        13          20          19         4
Promote home repair/energy savings             26          21          9          3
Promote banking and savings                    22          24          12         2
Promote homeownership                          29          21          10         2
Promote self-employment                        24          25          12         2
Promote micro-enterprise                       17          21          14         6
Promote reduced health care costs              36          11          7          2
Increased Community Capacity
Improve community leadership skills            37          19          4
Promote job expansion                          35          19          4          1
Recruit new businesses                         38          13          4          2
Start a 'Buy Local' campaign                   31          15          7          2
Reduce crime                                   24          17          11         5
Reduce drugs/alcohol/tobacco use               35          8           11         4
Create a buying cooperative                    27          22          5          2
Expand workforce training                      27          19          7          1
Create a youth jobs mentoring program          33          19          6          1
Improve Community communication                40          13          3          1
Start a community center                       24          21          8          3
Start an entrepreneurship program              27          11          9          2
Increase tourism                            32   155   7    4
Improve fixed income transportation         17   25    10   3
Promote community recreation                21   30    4    2

Improved Public Policy:
Increase funding for early, childhood ed.   30   16    7    1
Enact a living wage ordinance               11   21    10   8
Enact first source hiring agreements        11   19    15   6
Lower taxes for business start-ups          29   23    3    1
Revise tax structure                        21   23    8    2
Better fund economic development efforts    26   25    3    1
Promote Renewable energy                    30   20    5    1
Appendix I
                           Rosalia Demographic Profile
                              Total Population: 648

             Sex and Age   Number Percent

Male                       329     50.8

Female                     319     49.2

Under 5 years              49      7.6

5-9                        49      7.6

10-14                      67      10.3

15-19                      58      9.0

20-24                      20      3.1

25-34                      70      10.8

35-44                      109     16.8

45-54                      78      12.0

55-59                      43      6.6

60-64                      29      4.5

65-74                      39      6.0

75-84                      26      4.0

85 years +                 11      1.7

Median Age                 35.9    X

              Poverty      Number Percent

Families                   19      11.0

Individuals                83      12.8

Children under 18          17      17.2
     19%                   22%          professional

                                        Sales, office

3%                                      Farming,
                                        forestry, fishing
                                 20% Construction,
       30%                              transportation

           Employment                   Number      Percent

Employed                                X           57.0

Unemployed                              X           2.4

Armed Forces                            X           0.4

Not in Labor Force                      X           40.3

        Veteran Status              Number        Percent

Civilian Veterans 18 and Older      X             21.7

        Family Income               Number        Percent

Less than $10,000                  14             8.1

$10,000-$14,999                    6              3.5

$15,000-$24,999                    30             17.3

$25,000-$34,999                    27             15.6

$35,000-$49,999                    45             26.0

$50,000-$74,999                    35             20.2

$75,000-$99,999                    11             6.4
$100,000-$149,999            3            1.7

$150,000-$199,999            2            1.2

$200,000 or More             X            X

Median Fa mily Income        $37,750      X

Male Full -time              $30,962      X

Female Full -time            $20,625      X

  Language Spoken at Home        Number   Percent

English Only                     570      94.5

Spanish                          12       2.0

Other Indo-European              16       2.7

Asian or Pacific Island          2        0.3

               Race          Number       Percent

White                        623          96.1

Black or African American    1            0.2

American Indian or Alaskan   14           2.2

Asian                        2            0.3

Native Hawaiian or Pacific   X            X

Hispanic                     5            0.8

Two or more races            6            0.9

   Educational Attainment        Number    Percent

Less than 9 th Grade             14        3.4
9-12 Grade, No Diploma             35    8.5

High School Graduate               134   32.4

Some College, No Degree            128   30.9

Associate Degree                   43    10.4

Bachelor’s Degree                  45    10.9

Graduate or Professional Degree    15    3.6

Percent: High School Graduate or   X     88.2

Percent: Bachelor’s degree or      X     14.5

2000 Census,

Description: Rosalia Washington Business document sample