Let’s name some important
factors to consider when
selecting a career….
Get into groups of 3 and make a
list of 10 things you all would
consider and base your decision
on before choosing a career
choice/major degree to study in
why you feel they are important?
Heads Carolina, Tails California…..
Standard of Living
• Pay & Location
• EX) You can buy a
1400 sq. ft home in
NC for $150 K but that
same house will cost
700,000 in California
• Do you wish to work
with people or animals
more or with
• How long are you wanting to stay
• Just High School?Associate’s?
Bachelor’s? Master’s? Doctorate?
Personal Experiences Or Skills
Required…Do You Possess Them?
• EX) Zookeeper Career…. Having
communication skills, being a team
player, liking animals, observant,
science, disease knowledge
Your Interests, Likes, &
• Do you want weekends off?
• 40 Hours or less or more?
• Outdoors or indoors?
• Office-bound or traveler?
• Do you have this free time or are you
working then sleeping then back to
• Time to be with friends, family, or
• Will you be financially able
to retire early?
• Will your place of
employment have a 401K
plan, IRAs, etc…?
Your health & happiness
• Is it a safe
environment to work
in or is your health at
• Do you enjoy an
• Do you receive
STEPS IN CHOOSING A CAREER
• Consider interests, abilities
• Narrow the field of jobs
• Study requirements of the job
• Plan for alternative occupations
• Select the right courses for high school
• Be willing to Pay the price for success-
• Get work experience-SAE, part-time
job, internship, volunteer.
• What are your real interests and hobbies?
• What is your dream career?
• What other possible positions are out
there closely related to that career?
• Do you have any skills that would be
helpful in that career?
• How much money would you like to earn
THE SMALL ANIMAL
Small animal benefits to society
1. Companion animals/pets
2. Lab experiments/ research
4. Service animals
6. Jobs, careers
7. By-products-- fur, meat, medicines
Dogs vs. Cats!
There are about 7 million more
cats than dogs.
The average cat owner has 2 cats.
But there are more households
having dogs than cats.
The Economic impact of the small
animal care and management
1. Pet ownership is at an all time
high with 58.9% of all American
families include at least one
2. 10,500 -11,000 retail pet
stores produce $21 billion in
3. Veterinary expenses exceed
$32 billion for total pet care in
the US in 1996.
4. Biomedical research
supported by $15 billion in
taxes and charity used $65-100
million small animals.
5. 6 million small animals
were used in educational
facilities for dissection.
6. 4 million small animals
were used for the LD50 test.
• The basic idea of the test is to take healthy
animals and force feed them enough poison to kill
(usually slowly) approximately 50% of them
• Toxicity tests examine what happens when a
chemical is absorbed into the body, usually via
the mouth, but sometimes also through the skin or
the lungs. The aim is to find out if the substance
has toxic effects.
7. Americans spend $20.3 billion
per year on pets.
8. Vet expenses exceed $11 billion
9. Pet food manufacturers
produce $9.0 billion in sales.
10. Rabbits are raised not only
for pets but for food, clothing,
and research purposes
• 11. Almost 60% of families
have companion pets.
• 12.Children learn responsibility
and social skills
• 13. Dogs as watch, police, and
seeing eye dogs.
• 14. Fur, wool, coats, hats,
• 15. Elderly benefit an improved
16. Pet therapy with patients-relieves
depression & improves vital signs
17. Entertainment-circus, zoos,
• 18. Source for testing and
developing new drugs and
vaccines. Hepatitis, diptheria,
tetanus, polio vaccines were all
developed through animal
Types of jobs that can be found
p.31 working with small animals:
1. Pet industry is just one small
area of small animals care and
management. Other jobs that
are included are in lab animal
care, zoo animal care, animal
health, animal training, and in
the area of biological sciences.
2. Jobs to supply food,
equipment, and healthcare to
3. Research in hospitals,
colleges and universities,
diagnostic labs, and private
firms in the pharmaceutical
4. Exhibitors- operate
animal acts, carnivals,
circuses, public zoo,
exotic shows, and marine
5. Carriers- airlines,
motor freight lines,
6. Intermediate handlers-
provide services for
animals, consigner and
Job and careers that exist in the small
animal care and management industry.
1. Pet care workers- many types
provide many services to small animal
owners. They are employed in
boarding kennels, animal hospitals,
animal shelters, pet stores, pet training
schools, and pet grooming parlors.
2. Kennel attendants –feed
and care for animals and
keep kennels clean.
3. Animal groomers- bathe
pets and brush the pet and
keep hair and nails
4. Dog trainers- teach dogs to
obey signals or commands,
hunt, herd, or track, to guard
lives or to lead the blind
5. Small Animal breeders- raise
and market fur-bearing animals,
animals for sale to pet shops,
labs, and for the general public,
they also arrange matings and
care for females and the young.
Usually specialize in
6. Lab animal breeders-
animals used for research or
medical labs must be closely
monitored and controlled
need to be able to correctly
feed and keep in good health.
7. Pet shop owners- care for small
animals they offer for sale. they
offer a variety of small animals and
need to be knowledgeable in
running a business and dealing
8. Pet shop manager-
run the daily pet store operations
9. Pet shop counselor--
work with customers to
select a pet and
merchandise they will need
to care for
10. Vets- Doctors of veterinary
medicine, treat and control
animal injuries and diseases.
They also vaccinate animals against
disease, and inspect animals and meat
products used for food. They will also
perform surgery, set broken bones,
establish diet and exercise routines,
and prescribe medicines. 1/3 of vets in
US treat only small animals.
11. Dealers- people who sell
lab animals for research and
12. Vet technicians- assist
vet and other members of
the vet staff in diagnosing
and treating animals for
injuries, illness, and
routine vet needs this can
includes vaccinations and
13. Biologists- study the
anatomy, function, and
distribution of living
organisms and do
research in many
specialties that help in
Skills and credentials for specific careers
1. Pet Care workers –
a. High school graduates with
experience with animals
• Knowing the habits and needs of
b. Positions are ENTRY level and have
no higher education requirement.
c. Courses in biology and animal
husbandry are helpful in preparing for
work in pet care position
2. Kennel attendants
a. Need experience in caring for animals;
they keep the animal’s quarters clean.
b. Attendants also keep animals in good
health by exercising and watching for
signs of disease, or anything unusual.
c. RECORD KEEPING is another skill
attendants need because they keep track
of feeding, breeding, and health records
of all animals in the kennel.
3. Animal Groomers
• Brush pets and keep hair and nails
• Bathe pets and keep them free of ticks,
fleas and other pests.
4. Animal Trainers
a. Teach dogs commands or signals depending
on that they will be used for.
b. Handlers also train animals for show,
sporting matches, or hunts.
5. Small Animal Breeders
• Need no specific education
• May attend a 2 or 4 year program
at technical schools/college.
• Need to study business,
bookkeeping, and marketing.
• Animal husbandry, biology,
zoology, nutrition, animal hygiene,
chemistry, and genetics courses
6. Pet shop owners
a. Care for the animals they have for sale, deal
with customers, and any details with running a
7. Pet shop manager - run the store operations
a. Deal with personnel i.e. schedule staff hours,
recruit, hire and train.
b. Place merchandise and animal orders
c. Deal with inspection standards
d. Customer and community relations
8. Pet shop counselors (associate)
• Work with customers to select a pet and
merchandise they will need to care for their
9. Zoo administrators – persons who provide
entertainment and education to the public.
Includes the zoo director, veterinarians, and
a. B.S. in zoology or life sciences and in
business and at least a Masters in some branch
of Zoology. Zoologists have to have a B.S
b. Zoo vets must have a vet degree.
10. Laboratory animal care workers
a. High school education for unskilled jobs
b. ONE year college program on animal care
to receive a certification by the AALAS
(American Association for Laboratory Animal
Three Levels of Certification
1. ALAT – Assistant Laboratory Animal
2. LAT – Laboratory Animal Technician
3. LATG – Laboratory Animal Technologist
• Research your dream Animal career online.
• Write a 1 page profile about the career
based on research. Things to include are:
Education required, Expected Salary, Skills
needed, Work environment, Advantages of
the career, Disadvantages of the career.
• Does it match your previous responses? Is
this really the right career for YOU?!!