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ranging from 10 GB to 400 GB available for $20 to $500 (US) per year.[7][8][9] Gmail has a search-oriented interface and a "conversation view" similar to an Internet forum. Software developers know Gmail for its use of the Ajax programming technique.[10] Gmail runs on Google Servlet Engine and Google GFE/1.3 which run on Linux.[11][12][13]

A screenshot of a Gmail inbox Developed by Initial release Latest release Operating system Platform Type Website Google March 21, 2004 (2004-03-21) / December 4, 2008 Server: Linux Client: Any Web browser Google Web Toolkit POP3, IMAP, E-mail, webmail

Gmail’s log-in page (April 2009) The Gmail service currently provides more than 7300 MB of free storage[7]. Users can rent additional storage (shared between Picasa Web Albums and Gmail) from 10 GB (US$20/year) to 400 GB (US$500/year).[14] On April 1, 2005, the first anniversary of Gmail, Google announced the increase from 1 GB, stating that Google would "keep giving people more space forever."[15] In April 2005 Gmail engineer Rob Siemborski stated that Google would keep increasing storage by the second as long as it had enough space on its servers. On October 12, 2007, the rate of increase was 5.37 MB per hour.[16] Approximately a week later, the rate decreased to 1.12 MB per hour, on January 4, 2008 further down to about 3.35 MB per day, or 0.14 MB per hour, and in October 2008 further down to about 353.9 KB per day.

Gmail is a free POP3, IMAP and webmail service provided by Google.[1][2] In the United Kingdom and Germany it is officially called Google Mail. Gmail was launched as an invitation-only beta release on April 1, 2004 and it became available to the general public on February 7, 2007. Although over 100 million [3][4][5][6] have taken advantage of users stable releases for years, to this day the service remains in beta status. With an initial storage capacity offer of 1 GB per user, Gmail significantly increased the webmail standard for free storage from the 2 to 4MB its competitors offered at that time. The service currently offers over 7300 MB of free storage with additional storage

Gmail Labs
The Gmail Labs feature, introduced on June 5, 2008, allows users to test new or


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
experimental features of Gmail, such as bookmarking of important e-mail messages, custom keyboard-shortcuts and games. Users can enable or disable Labs features selectively and provide feedback about each of them. This allows Gmail engineers to obtain user input about new features to improve them and also to assess their popularity and whether they merit developing into regular Gmail features. All Labs features are experimental and are subject to termination at any time. On December 10, 2008, Gmail added support for SMS Messaging through its integrated Chat.[17][18][19] On January 28, 2009, Gmail added support for offline access through its integration with Gears.[20]

mail/.[24] Up until April 2009, those who typed in the former URI redirected to the latter. The domain is unavailable in certain countries, in which cases users are able to use the domain The Gmail service does not discriminate between these two domains for incoming e-mails, therefore a user with the address "" will receive mail sent to "", and viceversa. Accordingly, users obliged to use the domain are unable to select addresses already chosen by users.

Gmail hoaxes
See also: Google’s hoaxes

Spam filter
Gmail’s spam filtering features a communitydriven system: when any user marks an email as spam, this provides information to help the system identify similar future messages for all Gmail users.[21]

Gmail Paper hoax
On April Fools’ Day 2007, Google made fun of Gmail by introducing "Gmail Paper", where a user could click a button and Gmail would purportedly mail an ad-supported hard copy for free.[25]

The Gmail interface is unique amongst webmail systems for several reasons. Most evident to users are its search-oriented features and means of managing e-mail in a "conversation view" that is similar to an Internet forum.

Gmail Custom Time hoax
On April Fools’ Day 2008, Google introduced a fake service named Gmail Custom Time, which would allegedly allow a user to send up to ten e-mails per year with forged timestamps. The hoax stated that by bending spacetime on the Google servers, the e-mails actually get routed through the fourth dimension of time itself before reaching their intended recipient.[26][27][28]

Gmail was a project started by Google developer Paul Buchheit several years before it was announced to the public. Initially only Google employees could use the e-mail client and only internally. Google finally announced Gmail to the public on April 1, 2004.[22]

Gmail Autopilot hoax
On April Fools’ Day 2009, Google introduced a service called Gmail Autopilot by CADIE.[29] According to Google, the service purported to automatically read and respond to emails for the user. It appeared to work by analyzing messages for the emotions involved in writing the message and either providing advice to the user, or automatically responding to the message.

Domain name
Before its acquisition by Google, the domain name was used by a free e-mail service offered by, online home of the comic strip Garfield. After moving to a different domain, that service has since been discontinued.[23] As of June 22, 2005, Gmail’s canonical URI changed from gmail/ to

Code changes
Gmail’s JavaScript front-end was rewritten in late summer and early fall of 2007 and was released to users starting on October 29, 2007. The new version had a redesigned


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
contacts section, quick contacts box and chat popups, which were added to names in the message list as well as the contact list. The contacts application is integrated into other Google services, such as Google Docs. Users granted access to the new version were given a link at the top-right corner which read "Newer Version". As of December 2007, most new registrations in English (US) along with most pre-existing accounts are given the new interface by default when supported. There remains the option to downgrade via a link labelled "Older Version".[30][31][32][33] These coding changes mean that only users of Internet Explorer 7, Firefox 2, Google Chrome and Safari 3.0 (or more recent versions) can fully use the new code. Internet Explorer 5.5+, Netscape 7.1+, Mozilla 1.4+, Firefox 0.8, Safari 1.3 and some other browsers will give limited functionality. Other browsers may be redirected to the basicHTML-only version of Gmail.[32][34][35][36][37] During the week of January 18, 2008, Google released an update that changed the way Gmail loads JavaScript. This caused the failure of some third-party extensions.[38] On December 12, 2008, Gmail added support for faster PDF viewing within the browser.[39]

policies as problematic. Google has the ability to combine information contained in a person’s e-mails with information about their Internet searches. Google has not confirmed how long such information would be kept and how it could be used. One of the concerns is that it could be of interest to law enforcement agencies. More than 30 privacy and civil liberties organizations have urged Google to suspend Gmail service until these issues are resolved.[42] Gmail’s privacy policy contains the clause: "Residual copies of deleted messages and accounts may take up to 60 days to be deleted from our active servers and may remain in our offline backup systems." Google points out that Gmail adheres to most industry-wide practices. Google has stated that they will "make reasonable efforts to remove deleted information from our systems as quickly as is practical."[43][44] Google defends its position by citing its use of email-scanning to the users’ benefit. Google states that Gmail refrains from displaying ads next to potentially sensitive messages, such as those that mention tragedy, catastrophe, or death. [45]

Technical issues
Gmail does not allow users to send or receive executable files or archives containing executable files if it recognises the file extension as one used for executable files or archives.[46] Tech-savvy users who are not prone to casual errors report loss of random messages in random amounts.[47][48] By design, Gmail does not deliver all of a user’s e-mails. When downloading mail through POP or IMAP access, Gmail fails to deliver messages that users have sent to themselves.[49] It also does not deliver to a user’s inbox (via any access interface) those messages that users have sent to mailing lists and which they might expect to receive back via the mailing list.[50] Gmail filters cannot use custom header names. This limitation had a significant impact before Gmail added support for identifying incoming messages sent to a mailing list: some mailing list manager programs, such as the Mailman used by SourceForge, add a custom header to the messages they distribute, but do not change the "Subject". Gmail filters

Google automatically scans e-mails to add context-sensitive advertisements to them. Privacy advocates raised concerns that the plan involved scanning their personal, assumed private, e-mails, and that this was a security problem. Allowing e-mail content to be read, even by a computer, raises the risk that the expectation of privacy in e-mail will be reduced. Furthermore, e-mail that nonsubscribers choose to send to Gmail accounts is scanned by Gmail as well, even though those senders never agreed to Gmail’s terms of service or privacy policy. Google can change its privacy policy unilaterally and Google is technically able to cross-reference cookies across its information-rich product line to make dossiers on individuals. However, most e-mail systems make use of server-side content scanning in order to check for spam.[40][41] Privacy-advocates also regard the lack of disclosed data retention and correlation


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
can check for a string in the "Subject", but not in a custom header. Gmail has been unavailable on several occasions. On February 24, 2009, the Gmail service was offline for 2.5 hours, preventing millions of users from accessing their accounts. People who rely entirely on Gmail for business purposes complained about these outages.[51][52] Gmail sorts e-mail only by conversations (threads), which is a problem for large conversations. For example, if a user sends a query to a large group of people, all of the responses are stored in a single conversation that is impossible to break apart. There is no way to search for responses from one user without getting the entire conversation. While deletion of individual e-mails is possible, most operations, such as archiving and labeling, can only be performed on whole conversations. Conversations cannot be split up or combined.[53]

Firefox. Gmail also won ’Honorable Mention’ in the Bottom Line Design Awards [60][61] 2005. Gmail has drawn many favorable reviews from users for generous space quotas and unique organization.[62]

Trademark disputes
United Kingdom

The Google Mail logo On October 19, 2005, Google voluntarily converted the United Kingdom version of Gmail to Google Mail because of a dispute with the UK company, Independent International Investment Research.[63][64] Users who registered before the switch to Google Mail were able to keep their Gmail address, although the Gmail logo was replaced with a Google Mail logo. Users who signed up after the name change receive a address, although a reverse of either in the sent email will still deliver it to the same place.

"On behalf of"
With the current Gmail implementation, any email sent through the Gmail interface will include the address as the "sender", even if the sending account is a custom email account. For example, an email sent from an external account via the Gmail interface will display to an e-mail client user as From on behalf of By exposing the Gmail account name, Google claims that this will "help prevent mail from being marked as spam".[54] A number of Gmail users have complained that this implementation is both a privacy concern and a professionalism problem.[55][56][57][58]

On July 4, 2005, Google announced that Gmail Deutschland would be rebranded to Google Mail. From that point forward, visitors originating from an IP address determined to be in Germany would be forwarded to where they could obtain an e-mail address containing the new domain. Any German user who wants a address must sign up for an account through a proxy. German users who were already registered were allowed to keep their old addresses. The German naming issue is due to a trademark dispute between Google and Daniel Giersch. Daniel Giersch owns a company called "G-mail" which provides the service of printing out e-mail from senders and sending the print-out via postal mail to the intended recipients. On January 30, 2007, the

Gmail is unique in that a user’s newly composed email or existing email which is being edited is automatically saved approximately every minute to the account’s "Drafts" folder. Although this feature contributes to the reliability of the service, some users complain that the autosave feature causes visible and noticeable interruptions in the flow of typing and is not customizable in any way.[59]

Gmail was ranked second in PC World’s "100 Best Products of 2005," behind Mozilla


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
EU’s Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market ruled in favor of Giersch.[65] Google spoofed "offering" the same service in the Gmail Paper April Fool’s Day joke in 2007.[66]

MSN’s Hotmail, which upgraded its e-mail storage from 250 MB to the new Windows Live Hotmail which includes 5 GB of storage. As of November 2006, MSN Hotmail upgraded all free accounts to 1 GB of storage.[74] In August 2005 AOL started providing all AIM screen names with their own e-mail accounts with 2 GB of storage. Another source of competition for Gmail came from 30Gigs who, as their name implied, offered 30 gigabytes of storage, initially through invitation only, starting in late 2006. However in November 2007, 30Gigs’ service was discontinued. The Gmail system flags as dormant every Gmail account which remains inactive for six months. After a further three months, for a total of nine months dormancy, the system may delete such accounts.[75] Other webmail services have different, often shorter, times for marking an account as inactive. Yahoo! Mail deactivates dormant accounts after four months, while Hotmail matches Gmail’s nine months.[76][77] As well as increasing storage limits following the launch of Gmail, Yahoo! Mail and Hotmail also enhanced their e-mail interfaces. During 2005 Yahoo! Mail and Hotmail matched Gmail’s attachment size of 10 MB. Following the footsteps of Gmail, Yahoo! launched the Yahoo! Mail Beta service and Microsoft launched Windows Live Hotmail, both incorporating Ajax interfaces. Google increased the maximum attachment size to 20 MB in May 2007.[78]

In February 2007, Google filed legal action against the owners of, a fake poet group known in full as Grupa Młodych Artystów i Literatów abbreviated GMAiL (literally, "Group of Young Artists and Writers").[67] Łódzka Giełda Komputerowa (Łódź Computer Market), a corporation which sells computeraccessories, had registered the domain for promotional purposes. The Arbitration Tribunal canceled the action for "procedural reasons".

Mainland China
An information-technology company in mainland China named ISM Technologies (Chinese: ???) has owned and operated a web portal from the domain since 2003.[68][69]

Russian Federation
A Russian free webmail service called owns the "GMail" trademark in the Russian Federation.[70] The domain name dates from January 27, 2003.[71]

See also: Comparison of webmail providers After Gmail’s initial development and launch, many existing web mail services quickly increased their storage capacity.[72] For example, Hotmail increased space for some users from 2 MB to 25 MB, with 250 MB after 30 days, and 2 GB for Hotmail Plus accounts. Yahoo! Mail went from 4 MB to 100 MB and 2 GB for Yahoo! Mail Plus accounts. Yahoo! Mail storage then increased to 250 MB and in late April 2005 to 1 GB. Yahoo! Mail announced that it would be providing "unlimited" storage to all its users in March 2007 and began providing it in May 2007.[73] These were all seen as moves to stop existing users from switching to Gmail and to capitalize on the newly rekindled public interest in web mail services. The desire to catch up was especially noted in the case of

See also
• • • • Comparison of webmail providers Gmail interface History of Gmail List of Google services and tools

Gmail 3rd party Add-Ins
• • • • Gmail Drive GmailFS Mailplane Gmail client for Mac OS X PhpGmailDrive

[1] "How do I enable POP?". Google. 2007-09-03. support/bin/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "You can retrieve your Gmail messages with a client or device that supports POP, like Microsoft Outlook or Netscape Mail." "How do I enable IMAP?". Google. 2007-10-23. support/bin/ Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "You can retrieve your Gmail messages with a client or device that supports IMAP, like Microsoft Outlook or Apple Mail." Google opens Gmail to all, retrieved 27 March 2007 Swartz, Jon (2007-11-22). "Despite filters, tidal wave of spam bears down on e-mailers". USA TODAY. industries/technology/ 2007-11-22-spam_N.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "For a start, tens of millions use Google’s Gmail because it was designed with built-in spam defenses." Perez, Juan Carlos (2007-12-10). "Google Disables Some Gmail Accounts by Mistake". PC World. id,140432/article.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "Hohne said the mistakenly disabled accounts affected "a small fraction," well below 1 percent of the tens of millions of Gmail users." Nuttall, Chris (2009-02-24). "Gmail crash fuels web services fears". The Financial Times Ltd. fc3d8a86-02a0-11deb58b-000077b07658.html?nclick_check=1. Retrieved on 2009-03-02. "Gmail has more than 113m users worldwide, according to the ComScore research firm, compared with 283m Hotmail users and 274m Yahoo account holders." ^ Gmail homepage, retrieved October 6, 2008 Paul Festa (2004-04-01). "Google to offer gigabyte of free e-mail". CNET news. 2100-1032_3-5182805.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. "Hotmail currently offers 2 MB of free e-mail storage. Yahoo offers 4 MB. Gmail will dwarf those offerings with a 1 GB storage limit." Aquino, Ryan (2007-09-08). "A simple way to get more storage". The Official

Google Blog. simple-way-to-get-more-storage.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [10] Wei, Coach K.. "AJAX: Asynchronous Java + XML?". article.php/3526681. Retrieved on 2008-11-13. "In fact, the developer community was jazzed about the technical approach that Google used. In February 2005, AdapativePath’s Jesse James Garrett coined the phrase "AJAX" as "Asynchronous JavaScript + XML" to describe this approach." [11] "WHOIS for Gmail.comGmail allows the user to add Gmail allows the user to add". [12] "Netcraft "What’s this site running?" report". Netcraft. site_report?url= [13] "OpenGSE Released". Google Open Source Blog. 2009-01-27. opengse-released.html. [14] "More storage for photos and messages". Google. 2007. support/accounts/bin/ Retrieved on 2009-03-01. [15] Endless Gmail Storage, retrieved 30 June 2006 [16] Rob Siemborski (2007-10-12). "More Gmail storage coming for all". Official Gmail Blog. more-gmail-storage-coming-for-all.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [17] Kincaid, Jason (December 2008). "Gmail Enables SMS Messaging From Chat". gmail-enables-sms-messaging-from-chat/. Retrieved on 2008-12-11. [18] Shankland, Stephen (December 2008). "Google takes two with Gmail-SMS chat". 8301-17939_109-10120918-2.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-11. [19] Google (2008). "New in Labs: Tasks, Text Messaging in Chat". about_whatsnew.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-11.


[3] [4]



[7] [8]



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[20] Palay, Andy (January 2009). "New in Labs:Offline Gmail". new-in-labs-offline-gmail.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-28. [21] Chitu, Alex (2007-10-29). "How Gmail Blocks Spam". Google Operating System: Unofficial news and tips about Google. 10/how-gmail-blocks-spam.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-12. "Gmail’s filters are constantly improving and an important ingredient of their effectiveness is the use of community signals. Every time you click on the "Mark as spam" button, Gmail uses that information to block similar future messages not only for you, but for all Gmail users." [22] Sullivan, Danny. "Google Launches Gmail, Free Email Service - Search Engine Watch". showPage.html?page=3334241. Retrieved on 2008-03-12. [23] Elliot Lee (2004-03-31). "Slashdot Comments on Google Gmail". 2004/03/31/slashdot-comments-ongoogle-gmail/#comment-294783. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [24] Mathias Bynens (2005-06-25). "Google goes 301". 20070811084436/ 2005/06/gmail-goes-301. Retrieved on 2007-11-25. [25] Google (2007-04-01). "Welcome to Gmail (introducing Google Paper)". Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [26] Gmail: Google’s approach to email [27] Google does April Fools’: ’Custom time’ and a Mars trip | The Social - CNET [28] Beware of April Fools’ Day jokes today | | Detroit Free Press [29] Gmail Autopilot by CADIE [30] "Google Apps". admins/new.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-12. "Google Docs is integrated with your Gmail contacts list so it’s easy to invite people to view or edit your files."

[31] Philipp Lenssen (2007-10-29). "Gmail 2.0 Screenshots". Google Blogoscoped. 2007-10-29-n47.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [32] ^ Dan Pupius (2007-10-29). "Code changes to prepare Gmail for the future". Official Gmail Blog. code-changes-to-prepare-gmail-for.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "So recently the Gmail team has been working on a structural code change that we’ll be rolling out to Firefox 2 and IE 7 users over the coming weeks (with other browsers to follow)." [33] Garett Rogers (2007-10-29). "New version of Gmail starting to roll out". ZDNet. ?p=786. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [34] "It pays to upgrade your browser". Gmail Help Center. Google. 2007-12-03. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "We’ve added some great new features to Gmail. To check them out, please upgrade your browser to either Mozilla Firefox 2.0, Safari 3.0 or Internet Explorer 7 (with Google Toolbar)." [35] "About AIM in Gmail". Gmail Help Center. Google. 2007-12-07. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [36] "Editing labels". Gmail Help Center. Google. 2007-12-07. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [37] Google (December 2008). "Gmail Supported browsers". Retrieved on 2008-12-04. [38] Pupius, Dan (2008-01-29). "Gmail/ Greasemonkey API issue". Official Gmail Blog. 2008/01/gmailgreasemonkey-apiissue.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [39] Official Gmail Blog: Fast PDF viewing right in your browser [40] "Gmail Privacy Page". Electronic Privacy Information Center. 2004-07-18. faq.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[41] Rasch, Mark (June 2004). "Google’s Gmail: spook heaven?". gmail_spook_heaven/. Retrieved on 2008-11-24. [42] "Thirty-One Privacy and Civil Liberties Organizations Urge Google to Suspend Gmail". Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. 2004-04-19. GmailLetter.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [43] Google. "Gmail Privacy Policy". privacy.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [44] "More on Gmail and privacy". Google. 2007-01-01. help/about_privacy.html#data_retention. Retrieved on 2008-03-02. [45] "About Gmail: More on Gmail and privacy". Google. 2007-01-01. about_privacy.html#targeted_ads. Retrieved on 2009-01-06. ""Gmail’s filters also block ads from running next to messages about catastrophic events or tragedies, erring on the side of not displaying an ad if the content is questionable."" [46] Google (2008). "Some file types are blocked". bin/ Retrieved on 2009-03-01. [47] "Title Gmail: Help Center - Can I send or receive an executable file?". Google. 2005-10-14. support/bin/ Retrieved on 2008-06-01. "Gmail does not allow users to receive executable files" [48] Disappearing Gmail messages baffle users (Juan Carlos Perez, IDG News Service, 2007-11-14) [49] "Some mail was not downloaded". Gmail Help. Google. support/bin/ Retrieved on 2009-01-15. "[...] Gmail doesn’t download copies of messages sent from within your client, or messages already available in your client." [50] Messages sent to mailing lists don’t show in my inbox - Help Center [51] Where were you during the great Gmail outage of February 2009? » VentureBeat


[52] The Gfail Whale: Gmail’s Google Gears integration can’t come soon enough » VentureBeat [53] Google (2008). "Improper message threading". support/bin/ Retrieved on 2009-04-19. [54] Google and Custom "from address" [55] Gmail "On Behalf Of" is unprofessional [56] Petition for Gmail to remove "On Behalf Of" [57] Gmail - where is the privacy? [58] NY Times: Maintaining a true universal inbox on Gmail remains elusive [59] Gmail Annoying Auto-Save Feature [60] - The 100 Best Products of 2005, retrieved 14 May 2006 [61] Bottom Line Design Awards Honorable Mentions. Retrieved 14 February 2007 [62] About Gmail - Reviews, retrieved 14 May 2006 [63] Google Mail in the UK, retrieved 14 May 2006 [64] "Google drops Gmail address in UK". BBC News. 2005-10-19. 4354954.stm. Retrieved on 2008-04-18. [65] Anderson, Nate. "Google can’t use "Gmail" name in Europe". news.ars/post/20070131-8741.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-12. [66] Google (2008). "Introducing Gmail Paper". paper/more.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-23. [67] Schwartz, Barry. "Google Sues Group Of Polish Poets Over Name". 070219-091511.php. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. [68] "About ISM Technologies". ISM Technologies. blackboard/ withTitle.html?title=289&description=290&topMenu Retrieved on 2008-07-21. [69] "??Gmail??" (in Chinese). ISM Technologies. aboutus.htm. Retrieved on 2008-07-21. [70] "Зарегистрированный Товарный Знак". Archived from the original on 2008-02-12. 20080212032634/ docs/svid/. Retrieved on 2008-06-01.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[71] " and RIPN WHOIS Server". ? [72] Glauser, Stephen. "Should you switch to Gmail?". Too Real. Retrieved on 2008-06-01. [73] Yahoo Mail to offer unlimited storage | CNET [74] 1 GB Hotmail mailboxes [75] Google (2008). "Dormant addresses". Retrieved on 2008-11-23. [76] Yahoo! (2009). "Do you close accounts due to inactivity?".

Gmail original/account/ account-04.html;_ylt=AoUq1QRsesxKcYlUimG3plq51 Retrieved on 2009-04-26. [77] Microsoft (undated). "About your e-mail service". Help.aspx?market=enUS&project=MailClassic&querytype=topic&query=W Retrieved on 2009-04-26. [78] Gmail Doubles Maximum Attachment Size to 20 MB

External links
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