Houston Texas Electrical Permit Application

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					     The City’s Path
Toward Sustainable Growth

      City of Houston
       August 2008          1
Framework for Sustainability

Buildings: Reduce energy consumption per         The City of Houston has
square foot through increased energy             reduced its kwh use by 5.8%
efficiency measures
                                                 from 2004 through 2007 even
Transportation: Migrate to more fuel             as services have expanded
efficient, cleaner vehicles, fleets across our
Infrastructure: Increase energy                  The Houston region’s
productivity utilization and long-term           electricity use has increased
reliability for major infrastructure
                                                 only 1.1% per annum from
Energy Supplies: Embrace renewable               2004 through 2007 even as
energy sources to provide reliable, secure
power for our region leveraging wind and
                                                 metropolitan area has grown
solar resources                                  over 4% per annum
Environmental Stewardship: Divert
waste flow away from landfills to recycling
paths. Improve water and air quality across
the region. Plant a million trees.                                               2
Defining Sustainable Growth Initiatives

    Segment               Programs for Change
    Buildings             Building codes
                          Green Building standards
                          Energy efficiency work
    Transportation        Hybrid vehicles
                          Flexible work hours
    Infrastructure        Traffic Signal LEDs
                          Combined Heat & Power
                          Sewer Collection System
    Grass Root Change     Houston Green Expo
                          CFL campaigns
    Energy Supplies and   Renewable Power
    Environment           Million Trees Plant
                          Woody Waste Recycling
                          Benzene Reduction Plan
                          Surface Water Quality      3
  More Stringent Building Codes

Comprehensive upgrade of the city’s building codes to make Houston a leader in
energy efficiency for new construction and major renovations.

   • ASHRAE 90.1 2004 plus local amendments for commercial construction
       • Latest standard with software compliance support
       • Increased energy efficiency: cool roofs, efficient lighting
       • Approved by City Council; code in effect August 1, 2008

   • IECC 2006 plus local amendments for residential construction
        • Target: 15% increase in energy efficiency

   • Enhancing City’s Code enforcement to support code transformation
        • Summer workshops on new code; increased staff and training
        • Green building resource center to help educate builders and owners

  Green Building Program

Accelerate market transformation of Green Building through leadership, showcases,
and private sector partnership.

• Mayor’s Resolution, passed in June 2004, requiring all new City buildings and major
  renovation to be LEED certified (21 buildings, representing 1M sq ft LEED
  projects underway)

• Mayor’s Green Building Advisory Committee to showcase LEED buildings in private

• LEED Quick Start to expedite permitting; graduated fee rebates with LEED certification

• Over 70% of the new Class A commercial office buildings (over 50K sq ft in size)
  designing for LEED classification (6 M sq ft committed), nearly half of the residential
  new homes built are Energy Star.

Energy Savings Performance Work

Significantly reduce energy consumption at City facilities by 20-30% with no
upfront capital by financing through utility savings.

• City of Houston one of the first to contract large scale energy efficiency work:
     • 271 facilities, 11 million sq ft under consideration
     • Office buildings, libraries, multi-service centers, police stations, fire stations,
       health centers
     • Siemens and TAC selected as ESCOs
     • Building audits, energy efficiency work, measurement/verification
     • Audit work underway at 2 million sq ft

• Financing driven by lower utility bills available to remove up-front capital costs

• Center Point energy efficiency incentives available

 Residential Energy Efficiency Program

Implement a “neighborhood by neighborhood” energy efficiency program targeted
at low income, hard to reach homeowners to reduce kwh consumption.

  • 3,789 homes weatherized across 10 different neighborhoods
  • Participation rates approach 50%; home owner satisfaction high
  • 12% “weather adjusted” kwh reduction; high as 20% over summer months
  • Efficient implementation model; contractors go house to house
  • Agencies in Action program for more comprehensive retrofits including appliance
    replacements (old refrigerators recycled)
  • City administered program funded by Transmission & Distribution company and
   Affordable Housing funds
  • Working with Clinton Climate team to deliver mass market program
  Fuel Efficient, Clean Vehicles

Lead the way for Houston to migrate to hybrid vehicles with dramatic increases in
fuel efficiency and cleaner emissions.

• City’s goal to have 50% of non-emergency, administrative fleet (2800 vehicles) by
  2010. Currently have over 500 hybrids in our fleet (mostly Prius, some Ford
• Metro is purchasing 100 hybrid buses a year through 2011 for a total of 449 hybrid
  buses. Currently 142 in fleet by end of 2008.
• Working with HAS and partners to migrate to clean fuel fleets at airport.

 Energy Efficient LED Traffic Lights

Replace traffic light signals at all 2400 intersections within the city with energy
efficient LEDs.

    • 400 intersections completed in 2007 (mostly in downtown district)
    • Remaining 2000 intersections to be completed by mid 2009
    • 90% reduction in electricity use by new traffic light LEDs; last significantly longer
    (7 years versus 1 year)
    • Saves the City $10K/day or $3.6M a year in electricity costs
    • Upgrading heads from 8 inch to 12 inch as part of process

Combined Heat and Power Solutions

Implement CHP solutions at City’s waste water treatment plants to increase energy
utilization & reduce overall grid delivered kwh consumption.

• Feasibility study carried out by HARC for 69th Street Waste Water treatment plant
  showed 14% ROI with 7 year payback. Decision to focus effort at Almeda Sims
  which is in the process of major facility upgrade.
• Preliminary engineering development (including environmental permit analysis)
  kicked off at Almeda Sims Waste Water treatment plant for CHP solution. FY10
  CIP includes a $10 million line item appropriations for project.
• Use a Design-Build development process with HARC/Bocci assisting in engineering
  and construction project definition and procurement documents.

 Improving Sewer System

Implement a comprehensive sewer pipeline renewal plan for Houston
beginning in 2005 through 2015.

• Collection system comprised of 33.5M feet of gravity collection lines, 1.5M feet of
force lines, 420 lift stations, and 39 waste water treatment plants.
• Increased pipeline rehabilitation and replacement rates over 10-fold from the 1990s
from ~0.25% to 3.1% 2005 forward. Renewed 4M linear feet of pipe from FY05 to
• Doubled pipe cleaning from goal of 2M feet to over 4M feet cleaned per year. Have
cleaned 17.5M linear feet from FY05 to FY08.
• Strengthened Ordinance including increased pump-out frequency (4 per year) of
interceptors (e.g., grease traps) and enforcement. Public education/outreach.
• Positive impact: 311 calls for System Stoppages decreased from 37,405 in FY03 to
25,017 in FY08. Actual Sanitary Sewage Overflow repairs decreased from
~400/month in FY05 to ~100/month in FY08.
 Houston Green Expo
 April 5-6 2008 Reliant Park

What is it:                   10,000 in attendance          Green is here today!

1st Regional Green Expo       24 consumer focused           Green makes economic
  Featuring certified green   education sessions            sense and is good for our
  products and services                                     environment
                              Nationally known speakers:
5 themes:                     David Freeman and Joseph      Green products and services
  Green Building              Romm                          are available today
  Energy Efficiency
  Renewable Energy            Free and open to the public   Living and working a greener,
 Alternative Transportation                                 more sustainable lifestyle good
 Green Youth Zone                                           for us individually, our
                                                            businesses, our community,
                                                            our world

 CFL Campaigns

Promote and accelerate the adoption of CFLs among Houston homeowners and

 • Door to door hand-out of 250,000 CFLs to Houston home owners via Mayor’s
  Youth Summer Job Corp in partnership with Centerpoint
 • 4 bulbs per house plus energy efficiency tips given to estimated 62,500 homes
   across Houston
 • 100 youths hired by Houston Works (item passed Council 5-28-08)
   Start date: June 4, 2008. End date: July 18, 2008
 • CenterPoint funding $670K for the effort including bulbs and administration costs
 • “Power to People” web site to promote and educate public on energy efficiency

Embracing Renewable Energy Sources

Large scale purchases of Renewable Power delivered to City of Houston facilities via
long term contracts.

• COH has purchased 1.7 billion kwh (40 MW of power) from Texas Wind Farms, at
  a fixed price of 7.5 cents / kwh to be delivered over the next 5 years. This will
  supply 25% of our annual requirements for electrical load.
• The EPA ranks the City of Houston as the number one municipality in terms of the
  amount of renewable energy purchased.
• EPA Grant: Feasibility study for developing a 10 MW utility scale solar farm on the
  300 acre Sunnyside landfill.
• DOE 2008 Solar America City grant to increase solar deployment across the region
  (see next page).

  DOE Solar America City:
  Solar Houston Initiative
Establish a sustainable infrastructure for Houston led by an Advisory Council with
representatives from COH, academia, endowment, and private sector.

• Solar neighborhood program: Building 10 “near zero energy” homes in the Houston
  Hope neighborhoods that include 1-2 kw rooftop solar.
• Demonstration sites: 6.6 kw system at City Code Enforcement building, 6.6 kw
  system at City Hall Annex
•Workforce: Green Curriculum established at the HCC including solar and energy
• K-12 Programs: Demonstration site at SPARC Park (Tinsley Elementary School),
  working with HISD to integrate solar
• Public Outreach: Houston Solar web-site; City of Houston partnering with HREG to
  host Solar Home Tour on October 4, 2008
• Advanced Meters: Initial settlement for 125,000 to be deployed starting
  this summer. Time of Use application enables real economics for solar.
  Million Trees Plus Planted Goal

Significantly increase the number of trees planted and sustained across the region
through a public – private partnership.

• Significant ramp up in tree plantings from 814 per year prior to 2003 to over 62,600
  planted from 2004 through 2007 by City of Houston.
• City of Houston will plant 100,000 trees from October 2008 through January 2009.
  $750K in budget to water and maintain trees in 2009. 2000 medians identified for
• Public – Private partnership includes Apache, Trees for Houston, Greater Houston
  Partnership to achieve the Million Trees planted goal.
• TXDOT Houston plantings: $28.5M funding ($22.8M federal earmark and $5.7M
  state matching) beginning in 2002. Planted 600K trees from 2002 through 2008.
  130K trees contracted to be planted in 08/09. Additional 200K trees planned in
  09/10. Total 930K trees planted in the Houston area.
Diversion of Waste from Area Landfills

Implement a City wide recycling program to divert woody waste and yard
waste from area landfills.

• Potential for diverting 150K tons per year or approximately 20% of our waste from
  area landfills
• Renegotiated long term “Put or Pay” contracts with area landfills to enable diversion
  of waste from area landfills.
• Setting up mulching / composting facilities in each quadrant of the city to take and
  process waste. Two quadrants completed and receiving material.
• Lower tipping fees of $12.45 per ton at mulching facility versus $32 per ton at
  landfill results in overall annual savings of $1.7 million to the City.
• Successful pilot of 47,000 homes conducted over past 6 months. 70% reduction in
  landfilled material from pilot (these areas have high concentration of green waste).

 Improving Houston’s Air Quality

A regional approach to reduce particularly harmful emissions such as
Benzene and 1,3-Butadiene.

• Scientific Task force on health effects of air pollution completed in 2006. Task force
  members include: Baylor College of Medicine, MD Anderson, Rice, UT Medical
  Branch, UT School of Public Health. Scientific ranking of pollutants.
• Benzene Reduction Plan completed in 2007. Need for reduction validated by
  regional business-led task force. Goal of a 50% reduction by the companies in the
  plan at about 20 sites.
• 1,3-Butadiene reduction of 75% at Milby Park monitor from 2004-2008 resulting
  from City of Houston legal action against TPC plant located 1/3 of a mile
  from the monitor.

Ensure Quality Water Supply for Region

Implement comprehensive Source Water Protection Program for surface
water bodies to ensure long-term quality of our water supplies.

• Installed and operate 20 solar powered lake circulators (Solar Bees) to mix water ahead of the
  Northeast Water Purification Plant. Installed and operate 3 real time water quality monitors at
  Lake Houston sampling 12 water quality parameters, connected wirelessly to the USGS and
  posted on their website.
• New Ordinances in the works (expansion of Chapter 23) to prohibit discharge into Lake
  Houston from boats, houses, subdivisions, others.
• Partnership with the US Geological Services, $5M over 5 yrs, to study characteristics of Lake
  Houston in response to pollutants. Impact monitoring.
• Public Outreach: Water Works Museum to open summer 2009. Schools and community
  programs to engage public to raise awareness and educate.
• Stakeholder group to convene in September 2008 to develop a regional strategy and
  implementation plan for quality upstream water sources. Immediate issues include
  upstream sand mining, fertilizer run-offs.                                                    19

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