Huntsville Al Tax Lawyers

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               HUNTSVILLE CITY SCHOOL SYSTEM
                 STRATEGIC PLAN, STRATEGY I
               CHALLENGING LOCAL STANDARDS
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS COLLECTED FROM CLASSROOM TEACHERS
                       FEBRUARY 2003

                            SOCIAL STUDIES

KINDERGARTEN – Citizenship: Living in My World
My Family and I

Q.    What is your full name?
A.    Answers will vary with each student. Example: Mary Louise Smith

Q.    When is your birthday?
A.    Answers will vary with each student. Example: May 12, 1998

Q.    What year is it?
A.    2003 (or appropriate answer)

Q.    What is a habitat?
A.    A home for someone.

Q.    What is your address?
A.    Answers will vary with each student. Example: 6607 Happy Acres

Q.    What is your telephone number?
A.    256.555.1234

Q.    What is a family?
A.    A mommy, daddy, brothers, sisters, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins

Q.    Who is in your family?
A.    Answers will vary with each student. Example: Mom, Dad, Sam, Libby
      and Charlie (the dog)

Q.    What makes you different from everyone else and how are you special?
A.    I have my own hair color, eyes, family and friends. There is no one else
      exactly like me and that makes me special.
Q.   What makes you an individual?
A.   I have my own ideas and values. (Some will be the same as their friends
     and family so that they coexist peacefully)


Q.   How are you different/alike that the other children in your class?
A.   Answers will vary with each child. Example: We have two legs, arms,
     eyes, ears or I have brown hair, glasses, taller, freckles, etc.

Q.   What are four types of feelings?
A.   Happy, sad, scared, angry

Q.   What do you want to be when you grow up?
A.   Answers will vary with each student.
     Examples: teacher, astronaut, doctor, attorney, waitress, scientist,
     landscaper, artist

Q.   Does the student have personal skills necessary to get along with other
     members of the family?
A.   The student talks about sharing within the family and chores that help the
     family as a whole. The student shows respect to all family members.

Q.   The learner will be encouraged to take responsibility for own actions in the
     social environment.
A.   The learner will demonstrate an understanding of being responsible to self
     and others. (I.e. you choose the behavior, you choose the consequences.)

Q.   What are some ways in which you are responsible?
A.   Answers will vary with each child.
     Example: I clean my room; I bring my homework; I help with the dishes;
     etc.

Q.   How should you treat your pet?
A.   Pets should be given food, water, exercise and lots of love. No animal
     should ever be treated cruelly.

Q.   Give an example of a want or a need.
A.   I want that toy in the window.
     I need some new shoes.

Q.   What is a stranger?
A.   Someone you do not know.

School and Community
Q.   What is a community?
A.   A community is where we work, play and live.

Q.   What are community helpers?
A.   People that work at a job to help us.
Q.   List some examples of people working in the community.
A.   Teachers
     Doctors
     Dentists
     Nurses
     Zoo keepers
     Veterinarians
     Librarians
     Firemen
     Ambulance drivers
     Gardeners
     Waitresses
     Florists
     Street cleaners
     Garbage men
     Lawyers
     Bakers

Q.   What community helper helps children cross the street?
A.   Crossing guard.

Q.   What community helper puts out fires?
A.   Fireman

Q.   What is a neighborhood?
A.   A place where families live within a community.

Q.   How can you help the community?
A.   Respect others by:
     Helping small children and elderly residents
     Pick up trash and never litter
     Respect all others property

Q.   What is something you can do for a friend?
A.   Include them in your play time
     Help them with their chores
     Listen when they need a friend.

Q.   What are the different types of homes people live in?
A.   Apartments
     Houses
     Trailers
     Igloos

Q.   What animals would you find on a farm?
A.   Cows, horses, chickens, pigs, etc. are animals found on a farm.

Q.   Why do we have school rules?
A.   To keep everyone safe and to make sure of a healthy learning
     environment.

Q.   List some of your school rules.
A.   Answers will vary but could include some of the following:
     Always listen and follow directions.
     Keep hands, feet and objects to yourself.
     Walk and talk quietly in the hallway.
     Treat school property with respect.
     Treat your teachers and fellow students with respect.

Q.   Tell me a school or class rule and why it is a rule?
A.   Do not run in school because I might hurt myself or someone else.

Q.   To enjoy our learning experiences, we need to be safe and secure. What
     are some safety rules in the classroom and on the playground?
A.   Listen to your teachers!
     Never run with scissors!
     Never push and shove on the playground and on the equipment
     No rough housing on the school campus.
     Always stay in the designated play area.
     Stay away from the street.
     Etc.

Q.   How are children taught to resolve some of their conflicts within the school
     and how will it relate to the rest of his community behavior?
A.   The children are taught a unit called “I Care Cat”. This teaches listening,
     sharing, taking turns, following rules, considering feelings of others, and
     being a responsible classroom citizen. The student is taught to use I Care
     language in resolving conflicts with others. This should help the child
     solve conflicts, not only at school, but within his neighborhood and family.

Q.   Signs in our community give us important safety information.
     What does this sign want us to do?



Xxxplace stop sign herexxx
A.   Stop




Transportation and Communication

Q.   List several types of transportation.
A.   Car
     Bus
     Train
     Plane
     Ship
     Motorcycle
     Bicycle
     Scooter

Q.   Make a pictograph of the methods of transportation used to get to and
     from school.
A.   Pictures will show children walking, riding in a car, riding their bikes, or
     riding on a bus.

Q.   What are three ways we can travel?
A.   Air
     Water
     Land

Q.   Name two types of transportation that you can use to travel across the
     ocean.
A.   Airplane
     Boat/ship


Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.   Be able to complete a maze.
A.   Using a simple maze, the child will be able to go from start to finish.

Q.   Show me the city you live in on a map.
A.   The student will be able to find Huntsville, AL on a simple map.

Q.   What city do we live in?
A.   Huntsville

Q.   What state do we live in?
A.   Alabama
Q.   What country do we live in?
A.   The United States of America


Q.   How many states are there in the United States?
A.   50

Q.   What city does the President of the United States live in?
A.   Washington, D.C.

Q.   Find these things on the map.
     United States
     Alabama
     Huntsville
A.   The student will locate these places on the map.

Q.   What is a map?
A.   A map is a picture of a state, country or place.

Q.   Name the four main directions on a map.
A.   North
     East
     South
     West

Q.   Let’s look for Canada on the map. Is it near Alabama or far from
     Alabama?
A.   Far

Q.   Let’s look for Georgia on the map. Is it near Alabama or far?
A.   Near

Q.   Look at a globe. Locate the land and the water.
A.   The student will be able to use a globe and differentiate between land and
     water.

Q.   What is the difference in a map and a globe?
A.   A map is flat and a globe is round like a ball.

Q.   The globe is a model of what?
A.   The earth

Q.   What color is the water on the map?
A.   Blue
Q.    What shape is the earth?
A.    Round

Q.    What is the earth made of?
A.    Land and water

History

Q.    Who was our first president?
A.    George Washington

Q.    Name two other presidents besides George Washington.
A.    Abraham Lincoln
      Thomas Jefferson

Q.    At what time did this person live: current or long ago.
      Abraham Lincoln
      Jennifer Lopez
      Betsy Ross
      Jesse Jackson
A.    Lincoln—long ago
      Lopez—current
      Ross—long ago
      Jackson—current

Q.    Name one historical figure.
A.    Harriet Tubman (any correct answer will do)

Q.    How did Christopher Columbus travel to the new world?
A.    By ships: Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria

Q.    Name a symbol of the United States.
A.    Flag, Statue of Liberty, etc.

Q.    Recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
A.    Student will recite.

Q.    What are the colors of our flag and what does it look like?
A.    red, white, and blue; stripes with a blue patch and 50 white stars

Q.    How were the Pilgrims’ lives different from our lives today?
A.    Pilgrims grew their food; we buy ours
      Pilgrims built their homes from the land.
      Pilgrims had no doctors to take care of them.

Q.    Would a Pilgrim be able to turn on the television?
A.   No

Q.   Where did the Pilgrims get their food?
A.   They grew it or went hunting for it.

Q.   Who was at the first Thanksgiving feast?
A.   Pilgrims and the Indians

Government

Q.   Who is our current president?
A.   George W. Bush

Q.   Who is our current governor?
A.   Bob Riley

Q.   Who makes our laws?
A.   Congress

Q.   Who enforces our laws?
A.   The police


Economics


Q.   Why do we need money?
A.   To buy things at the store. To pay for food, housing, clothing, cars, etc.

Q.   Whose face is on a penny?
A.   Abraham Lincoln




Customs and Culture
Q.   The children will be able to notice cultural differences among their peers.
A.   Children will notice how we are all different and yet have some of the
     same interests and features.

Q.   What are the holidays?
A.   Dr. Martin Luther King’s Day
     Groundhog Day
     Valentine’s Day
     President’s Day
     St. Patrick’s Day
     Easter
     Memorial Day
     Flag Day
     Fourth of July
     Labor Day
     Columbus Day
     Veteran’s Day
     Thanksgiving Day
     Christmas
     Kwanzaa

Q.   We celebrate holidays in many ways. Name two holidays you celebrate
     and tell how you celebrate.
A.   Valentine’s Day—we give each other cards
     Thanksgiving Day—we eat a large meal and tell what we are thankful for.

Q.   What holiday do we celebrate in February?
A.   Valentine’s Day

Q.   Many facts about our country relate the type of culture we are living in.
     What are some facts that we need to know about how we live?
A.   Our country is headed by a president/ not kings and queens
     Our flag is red, white and blue.
     We celebrate Christmas and Kwanzaa and so do other countries but they
     may celebrate it differently.
     We have many different races and religions in our country.
     We dress differently from some people in other countries.
     We respect all people and countries and our cultural differences.

Q.   What type of clothing would I need to wear to go outside in the winter?
A.   Coat, hat, gloves or mittens, long pants, sweater

Q.   Compare how you dress in the winter to how you dress in the summer.
A.   Answers will vary. Example:
     Winter—coats and gloves
      Summer—shorts and tee shirts




GRADE 1 - History and Geography: Exploring My World

My Family and I

Q.    What is a need?
A.    A necessity like food.

Q.    What is a want?
A.    A non-essential item like toys.

Q.    What do people need to live?
A.    People need food, clothes, shelter, love and care.

Q.    What are our basic needs?
A.    Food, shelter, clothing

Q.    Which ones are considered our basic needs?
A.    television        food          shoes      home              toys

Q.    Classify the following into the categories of needs and wants.
      Shelter, toys, candy, food, clothing
A.    Needs                Wants
      Shelter              toys
      Food                 candy
      Clothing

Q.    What is?
      a)     …an immediate family?
      b)     …an extended family?
A.    a)     An immediate family consists of people living in the same house
      who are related to each other. Example: mother, father, sister, brother
      b)     An extended family consists of people who are related to you but
      do not live in the same house. Example: grandparents, aunts, uncles,
      cousins

Q.    List the members of your family.
A.    Answers will vary. Examples: mom, dad, Charlie, Susie

Q.    The number of Ann’s house is 56. The name of Ann’s street is Elm Street.
      What is Ann’s address?
A.   56 Elm Street




School and Community

Q.   What does pollution mean?
A.   Pollution means “to make dirty”.

Q.   Name three kinds of pollution.
A.   air
     Water
     Noise
     Land

Q.   What should we do with newspapers after reading them?
A.   Recycle them.

Q.   Classify the following into the topics of “goods” or “services”.
     Barber, doctor, nurse, teacher, toy, car, food
A.   Goods                        Services
     Toy                          barber
     Car                          doctor
     Food                         nurse
                                  teacher

Q.   Name a community helper.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples: policeman, fireman, librarian, garbage
     collector, doctor, nurse, veterinarian, mailman

Q.   Who would you call if you house is on fire?
A.   president           fireman              dogcatcher

Q.   What kind of a store would we go to for milk, bread and meat?
A.   A grocery store.

Q.   What is a community?
A.   Neighborhoods make up a community.

Q.   Compare features of rural communities with urban communities.
A.   Rural communities are smaller and natural.
     Urban communities are larger and man-made.

Q.   Identify several school leaders and their roles.
A.   Principal—commander of the school
     Librarian—central figure to gather and impart knowledge needed in
     research. Expose children and staff to good literature.
     Counselor—central figure in developing self-esteem and promoting skills
     for cooperating with others.

Q.   Who is the leader of your school?
A.   The principal.

Q.   Students should develop an awareness of government. Begin at the
     school level; proceed to the city, state and country levels of government.
     Write the names of the individuals on the board and have students choose
     the correct ones to write in the blanks.
     The principal of our school is _____________________.
     The Mayor of our city is _________________________.
     The Governor of our state is _____________________.
     The President of our country is ___________________.

Q.   Can the student demonstrate an understanding of good citizenship?
A.   The student will understand and follow school wide and classroom rules.

Q.   In the class, another student took your pencil. Tell how you would solve
     this problem by using “I Care Language”.
A.   Answers will vary. Example: Billy, I feel mad when you take my pencil.
     Please give it back.

Q.   What is a law?
A.   A law is a rule that all people must follow. Example: You must wear a
     seat belt in the car.

Q.   What famous fable teaches you to never give up or “slow and steady wins
     the race”?
A.   The Tortoise and the Hare

Transportation and Communication

Q.   Name two types of transportation.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples are:
     Car
     Airplane
     Train
     Boat
     Bicycle
     Motorcycle

Q.   Identify the modes of transportation.
A.   Air
      Land
      Water

Q.   Before airplanes and trucks, how was the U.S. mail delivered?
A.    On horseback (“Pony Express”) and by train.
Geography/Maps/Globes


Q.    What is the name of your city?
A.    Huntsville

Q.    What county do you live in?
A.    Madison County

Q.    What is the name of your state?
A.    Alabama

Q.    Alabama is a:
      a.    city
      b.    state
      c.    country
A.    State

Q.    What is the name of your country?
A.    The United States of America

Q.    The capital city of our country is:
      a.    Montgomery
      b.    Washington, D.C.
      c.    New York
A.    Washington, D.C.

Q.    How many states are there in the United States?
A.    Fifty

Q.    On which continent do we live?
A.    North America

Q.    Identify your location in the world.
A.    The student will give: continent, country, state, county, city, and street
      address.

Q.    What is the name of the country south of the United States?
A.    Mexico

Q.    What is the name of the country north of the United States?
A.   Canada

Q.   What is a continent?
A.   One of the seven large bodies of land on Earth

Q.   Locate the seven continents on a globe or map.
A.   North America
     South America
     Europe
     Asia
     Africa
     Antarctica
     Australia

Q.   What is the globe a model of?
A.   Earth

Q.   What covers most of the planet Earth?
A.   Water

Q.   What are the four cardinal terms for directions?
A.   North, East, South and West

Q.   Label the directions on a map.
A.   Label (N) orth, (E) ast, (S) outh, and (W) est on a map.

Q.   What are maps used for?
A.   Maps give directions on how to get somewhere or find something.

Q.   Label the directions on the compass rose.

A.          XXXInsert compass roseXXX
Q.   What is the opposite direction of south?
A.   north

Q.   List three types of maps.
A.   Road maps
     Globes
     Classroom maps

Q.   Using the cardinal terms tell where the following states are located in
     relation to Alabama:
A.   Tennessee—north
     Mississippi—west
     Georgia—east
      Florida—south

Q.    Place an X on the state of Alabama.
A.    Given a United States map the student will place an X on the state of AL.

Q.    Locate Washington, D.C. on a map.
A.    The student will locate Washington on a United States map.

Q.    What geographical features are found on a map?
A.    Land masses and water will be found on a map. A compass rose with the
      cardinal directions will also be found on a map.

Q.    Place a line under the largest landform.
A.    Mountain             valley        hill

Q.    Place a line under the largest body of water.
A.    lake                 ocean        river

Q.    Can you identify the bodies of water in or near the United States?
A.    The Atlantic Ocean
      The Pacific Ocean
      The Gulf of Mexico

Q.    The student should be able to label land and the Atlantic and Pacific
      Oceans on a map.
A.    The student will be given a map and label accordingly.

Q.    The student will be given the words rural and urban. They will match to
      the proper pictures.
A.    The student will recognize countryside and small towns as rural and big
      cities as urban.

Q.    Draw a simple map of your classroom.
A.    Maps will vary but should include doors, desks, windows, directions.


History

Q.    Who was our first president?
A.    George Washington

Q.    Who was known as the “Father of Our Country”?
A.    George Washington

Q.    Who was the 16th president?
A.    Abraham Lincoln
Q.   Who is our current president?
A.   George W. Bush


Q.   What is the capital of the United States?
A.   Washington, D.C.

Q.   We celebrate our country’s independence on ______________.
A.   July 4th           Memorial Day              Labor Day

Q.   There are ____ stripes on the American flag.
A.   Thirteen

Q.   There are _____ stars on the American flag.
A.   Fifty

Q.   Who is the governor of the state of Alabama?
A.   Bob Riley

Q.   What is the name of the ship the Pilgrims traveled on?
A.   The Mayflower

Q.   Who were the first natives?
A.   The Indians

Q.   Who were the first settlers?
A    The Pilgrims

Q.   Name two things the Native Americans taught the Pilgrims.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples:
     Plant corn
     Pick berries
     Catch fish
     Hunt

Q.   People who travel to new places can be called_____________.
A.   friends             explorers          family

Q.   Who was one of the first explorers to come to North America?
A.   Christopher Columbus

Q.   Name several important people in our history.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples
     George Washington
     Abraham Lincoln
     Martin Luther King
     Pilgrims
     Pocahontas
     Rosa Parks

Q.   Who was George Washington Carver?
A.   A scientist and teacher who made over 300 products with the peanut.

Q.   Who had a dream that all races would be treated equally?
A.   Dr. Martin Luther King

Q.   What is a national symbol?
A.   The American Flag

Q.   What are some symbols of liberty found in the United States?
A.   Answers will vary. Examples:
     Statue of liberty
     Liberty Bell
     Washington Monument
     The Flag
     The Bald Eagle
     Lincoln Memorial
     Jefferson Memorial
     Uncle Sam
     White House
     Capitol

Q.   How was mail delivered in the “old days”?
A.   By “Pony Express”—on horseback.
     By train

Q.   How have things changed from early times to today?
A.   horses—cars
     Tents—houses
     Growing food—grocery stores
     Candles/fires—electricity
     Making own clothes—department stores



Government

Q.   Students should develop an awareness of government. Begin at the
     school level; proceed to the city, state and country levels of government.
     Write the names of the individuals on the board and have students choose
     the correct ones to write in the blanks.
     The principal of our school is _____________________.
     The Mayor of our city is _________________________.
     The Governor of our state is _____________________.
     The President of our country is ___________________.

Q.   What is a law?
A.   A law is a rule that all people must follow. Example: You must wear a
     seat belt in the car.


Economics
Customs and Culture

Q.   When do we celebrate how to keep our earth clean?
A.   Earth Day

Q.   What makes people alike? How are they different?
A.   The student will relate ideas about color, cultures, locations, families,
     religions, etc.

Q.   How is your life different from the lives of children in Early America?
A.   We buy our clothes, homes and food.
     We play games with items that are bought (football, soccer balls, etc.)
     We have televisions and computers (technology)

Q.   What holiday is in the month of March?
A.   St. Patrick’s Day          Halloween              Thanksgiving

Q.   What holiday do we observe in honor of American soldiers?
A.   Christmas                Thanksgiving        Veteran’s Day
GRADE 2 – Interdependence: Making A Difference


My Family and I

Q.    List things you must have to live.
A.    Food
      Water
      Shelter
      Air
      Clothing

Q.    What is the difference between a want and a need?
A.    A need is something necessary to live.
      A want is something that you would like to have but not a necessity.

Q.    Name some wants.
A.    toys, television, computers, candy, games

Q.    Is a toy a want or a need?
A.    want

School and Community

Q.    What is a community?
A.    A place that has many different neighborhoods.

Q.    What are three types of communities?
A.    Rural
      Urban
      Suburban

Q.    Name three things you might see in the country.
A.    Trees, cows, farms

Q.    Name three things you might see in the city.
A.    large buildings, cars, stop lights

Q.    Where do the fresh vegetables come from in your grocery store?
A.   Farms out in the country or rural areas

Q.   Who are the workers that supply our needs?
A.   Producers
     Processors
     Distributors
Q.   Name three community helpers.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples:
     Mail carriers
     Veterinarians
     Dog catcher
     Policemen
     Fire fighters
     Librarians
     Nurses
     Doctors

Q.   How does tax money help our community?
A.   Tax money is used to pay teachers, firemen, policemen and other service
     workers. It is also used to pay for libraries, parks and schools.

Q.   What is a service?
A.   A service is something useful that people do for others.

Q.   What is a service worker? Give some examples.
A.   A service worker is someone who serves/helps others.
     Doctor
     Lawyer
     Mail carrier
     Librarian

Q.   What are goods?
A.   Goods are things that people make or grow.

Q.   What job does a veterinarian do?
A.   He is a doctor for animals.

Q.   How do you prevent cavities?
A.   Go to a dentist regularly.

Q.   What does this symbol mean?

     XXXplace no smoking sign hereXXX
A.   no driving          no smoking            no parking

Q.   Why is it important to care for natural resources?
A.   We need natural resources to survive and we have only a limited supply.

Q.   How are people using our natural resources?
A.   People are using natural resources by building homes and growing food.


Q.   What are two ways to care for natural resources?
A.   Recycling and picking up litter.

Q.   What will happen if people don’t stop polluting the earth?
A.   The water and air will become contaminated and cause death and
     destruction of people, plants, and animals.

Q.   List four rules that are important for our classroom. Be ready to share and
     tell your reasons why this would be a good rule.
A.   Students answers will vary. Examples of rules:
     Listen and follow directions
     Keep hands and feet and objects to yourself
     No running
     Only quiet talking
     Be courteous of others
     Reasons for rules will vary, too. Safety and courtesy may be important
     reasons.

Q.   What should you do when someone calls you mean names?
A.   a.    walk away and ignore
     b.    call them mean names, too


Transportation and Communication

Q.   How has technology changed the availability of goods and services?
A.   Rapid transit of goods; automatic news, computers, satellites, etc.

Q.   Compare the transportation of today with the transportation of the 1800’s.
A.   We can fly across the country in a matter of hours as opposed to the
     weeks and months it took to travel by horse and wagon from one coast to
     the other.
     There were no cars and airplanes at that time.
     Mail traveled slowly by “Pony Express” or on trains.
     Ships took months to deliver goods from other parts of the world.

Q.   Is a covered wagon a form of transportation in the present or the past?
A.   past

Q.   What are some ways that people keep in touch around the world?
A.   Letters
     Telephones
     Computers
     Television
     Radio
     Fax
Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.   What is the name of your city? Who is in charge of the city?
A.   Huntsville. Mayor Spencer is in charge.

Q.   What county do you live in?
A.   Madison County

Q.   What is the name of your state? Who is in charge of your state?
A.   Alabama. Governor Riley is in charge of the state.

Q.   What is the name of your country?
A.   The United States of America

Q.   How many states are there in the United States?
A.   Fifty

Q.   On which continent do we live?
A.   North America

Q.   Identify your location in the world.
A.   The student will give: continent, country, state, county, city, and street
     address.

Q.   What countries border the United States?
A.   Canada and Mexico

Q.   What is the name of the country south of the United States?
A.   Mexico

Q.   What is the name of the country north of the United States?
A.   Canada

Q.   What is a continent?
A.   One of the seven large bodies of land on Earth

Q.   Locate the seven continents on a globe or map.
A.   North America
     South America
     Europe
     Asia
     Africa
     Antarctica
     Australia


Q.   What is the globe a model of?
A.   Earth

Q.   Where would you find a compass rose and what is its purpose?
A.   On a map. It gives you the directions on a map.

Q.   Label the compass rose:




A.                        +
Q.   What are the four cardinal terms for directions?
A.   North, East, South and West

Q.   Label the directions on a map.
A.   Label (N) orth, (E) ast, (S) outh, and (W) est on a map.

Q.   What is a map?
A.   A map is a drawing of a place.

Q.   What are symbols on a map?
A.   A symbol is a character that stands for something else.

Q.   What is a map key?
A.   A map key tells what each symbol stands for.

Q.   What are maps used for?
A.   Maps give directions on how to get somewhere or find something.

Q.   On a world map find the following:
     North Pole
     South Pole
     Equator
A.   The students will locate these items on the world map.

Q.   Using the cardinal terms tell where the following states are located in
     relation to Alabama:
A.   Tennessee—north
     Mississippi—west
     Georgia—east
     Florida—south


Q.   Which state is considered a peninsula?
A.   Florida

Q.   Describe the difference between a peninsula and an island.
A.   A peninsula has water on three sides and an island is surrounded by
     water or has water on all sides.

Q.   What geographical features are found on a map?
A.   Land masses and water will be found on a map. A compass rose with the
     cardinal directions will also be found on a map.

Q.   Name four land forms.
A.   Islands
     Mountains
     Plains
     Valleys

Q.   Identify characteristics of different landscapes by filling in the blanks using
     the following words: river, peninsula, lake, mountain, plain, valley, and
     island.
     a.      A _______ is a body of water with land all around it.
     b.      An ___________ is a piece of land surrounded by water.
     c.      A ________ is low land between hills or mountains.
     d.      Flat land with lots of grass is called a ____________.
     e.      A ________ is land that has water on three sides.
     f.      A _________ is a long body of water that flows across the land.
     g.      The highest kind of land is a _____________.
A.   a.      lake
     b.      island
     c.      valley
     d.      plain
     e.      peninsula
     f.      river
     g.      mountain

Q.   How many oceans are there?
A.   Four: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic

Q.   The student will be able to color his/her state green.
A.   The student will color the state of Alabama.
Q.    The student should be able to label land and the Atlantic and Pacific
      Oceans on a map.
A.    The student will be given a map and label accordingly.


Q.    Identify and label the countries found in North America.
A.    The student will be given a blank map of North America and will label the
      United States, Canada and Mexico.

Q.    Draw a simple map of our school campus. Include a map key.
A.    Maps will vary but should include main building and other buildings,
      playgrounds, etc.

Q.    Create a map using these symbols: park, airport, school, railroad, bridge,
      river, etc.
A.    The map should show a community with all of these symbols as well as
      homes, churches, stores, and movies (etc.) to reflect the student
      understands.

History

Q.    Who was George Washington?
A.    He was our first president and known as “The Father of Our Country”.
      He was the commanding general in the Revolutionary War.

Q.    Name three of the founding fathers of our country.
A.    George Washington
      Abraham Lincoln
      Paul Revere
      Thomas Jefferson
      Patrick Henry

Q.    Who were the very first Americans?
A.    The Native Americans were called Indians.

Q.    Why are patriotic symbols important?
A.    They are symbols of liberty that show the American pride and a history of
      our people.

Q.    What are some symbols of liberty found in the United States?
A.    Answers will vary. Examples:
      Statue of liberty
      Liberty Bell
      Washington Monument
      The Flag
     The Bald Eagle
     Lincoln Memorial
     Jefferson Memorial
     Uncle Sam
     White House
     Capitol
Q.   Why are there thirteen stripes on the American Flag?
A.   To represent the thirteen original colonies of our country.

Q.   Where is the Statue of Liberty and what does it symbolize?
A.   The Statue of Liberty is located in New York and it symbolizes freedom.

Q.   How did Paul Revere help the colonists?
A.   His midnight ride telling the colonists “the British are coming” helped to
     warn and protect the colonists.

Q.   What is the difference in an explorer and a colonist?
A.   Explorers come to a new land to learn about it; colonists come to live in a
     new place.

Q.   Name one reason Thomas Edison is famous.
A.   He invented the light bulb and phonograph...

Q.   What significance does Mary McLeod Bethune have on our country?
A.   She was an educator or teacher who started a school for
     African American students.

Q.   Who gave the famous “I have a Dream” speech and hoped for equality for
     all men and women?
A.   Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Q.   What is the name of the state where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born?
A.   Georgia

Q.   Create a time line. Show four important events in your life.
A.   Example: 1995……….2000…………….........2001……….. ….2002
                Born       Started              Florida          Learned to
                           School              Vacation            Swim

Government

Q.   Is the President of the United States elected or appointed?
A.   Elected

Q.   How is the president elected?
A.   The citizens of the United States have to vote on the President.
Q.   How do we elect our leaders?
A.   We vote a secret ballot vote.



Q.   What character traits should our leaders possess?
A.   A good leader should be honest, intelligent, and compassionate and have
     perseverance.

Q.   Why do we have leaders?
A.   Leaders represent individuals in a democratic society. They guide our
     country in making informed decisions.

Q.   What is the function of the President of the United States? Who is our
     current President?
A.   The President of the United States is our most important leader. The
     President helps make laws for our country. Our current President is
     President George W. Bush.

Q.   What are the government leaders below called:
     a.    for a city
     b.    for a state
     c.    for a country
A.   a.    mayor
     b.    governor
     c.    president

Q.   What is the role of a mayor?
A.   The top city leader.

Q.   What is the role of a governor?
A.   The top state leader.

Q.   Why did our country’s government change and how did these changes
     help to make our country’s government fairer?
A.   The change came about to include all Americans. The changes gave
     women and African Americans the same rights as white men.

Q.   What is a rule?
A.   A rule is something that tells people what to do and what not to do and the
     consequences for doing something wrong.

Q.   Explain why we need rules.
A.   To provide safe guidelines to live by.
Q.   True or False: If I am breaking the law, I am a good citizen.
A.   False




Economics

Q.   Why do people need money?
A.   To obtain goods and services

Q.   How do people acquire money?
A.   People work, trade or barter for money.

Q.   What is the money called that people pay to the government and
     community?
A.   Taxes

Q.   How does tax money help our community?
A.   Tax money is used to pay teachers, firemen, policemen and other service
     workers. It is also used to pay for libraries, parks and schools.

Q.   In the past, most people made or grew the things they needed. For
     example: food, clothing, tools, fabric were grown or made. Today most
     people buy the things they want or need. Why do you think this has
     changed?
A.   a.     Fewer people live in places where food can be grown.
     b.     It is easier to buy things already made.
     c.     People do not have the time to make the things they want or need.

Q.   List ways that people earn money. What job would you like to do when
     you reach the age to enter the work force? Tell why. What kind of training
     do you think you will need for this job?
A.   Answers will vary. Jobs may include:
     Doctor
     Dentist
     Teacher
     Truck driver
     Architect
     Repair person
     Police officer
     Fire fighter
Customs and Culture

Q.   What are some major holiday celebrations in the United States?
A.   New Year’s Day
     Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday
     Groundhog Day
     Valentine’s Day
     President’s Day
     St. Patrick’s Day
     Easter
     Mother’s Day
     Memorial Day
     Flag Day
     Father’s Day
     July 4th—Independence Day
     Labor Day
     Columbus Day
     Veteran’s Day
     Thanksgiving Day
     Christmas Day
     Chanukah
     Kwanzaa

Q.   Students will select five holidays and match them to the month in which
     they are celebrated.
A.   Answers will vary. Example:
     Christmas—December
     Mother’s Day—May
     Veteran’s Day—November
     Columbus Day—October
     Independence Day—July

Q.   Why do we celebrate President’s Day?
A.   To honor and remember our presidents and their contributions.

Q.   Who celebrated the first Thanksgiving?
A.   Indians and Pilgrims

Q.   List four major holidays that are important to many Americans and tell why
     they are important.
A.   a.     Labor Day—honors all the people in our country who work.
     b.     Thanksgiving—remembers a special celebration held long ago by
            the Pilgrims.
     c.     Memorial Day—honors soldiers who died fighting for our country.
     d.     4th of July—celebrates our country’s independence and the day we
            became a country.
GRADE 3 – The Land Its People

Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.   What is the difference between a rural area and an urban area?
A.   Rural—an open country
     Urban—includes the city

Q.   What is the name of your city?
A.   Huntsville.

Q.   What county do you live in?
A.   Madison County

Q.   What is the name of your state?
A.   Alabama.

Q.   What is the name of your country?
A.   The United States of America

Q.   How many states are there in the United States?
A.   Fifty

Q.   On which continent do we live?
A.   North America

Q.   Identify your location in the world.
A.   The student will give: continent, country, state, county, city, and street
     address.

Q.   What countries border the United States?
A.   Canada and Mexico

Q.   What is the name of the country south of the United States?
A.   Mexico

Q.   What is the name of the country north of the United States?
A.   Canada

Q.   What is a continent?
A.   One of the seven large bodies of land on Earth




Q.   Locate the seven continents on a globe or map. Name them.
A.   North America
     South America
     Europe
     Asia
     Africa
     Antarctica
     Australia

Q.   What continent is closest to the Antarctic Circle?
A.   Antarctica

Q.   What is a globe?
A.   A spherical model of Earth

Q.   What is a compass?
A.   A device used for determining directions. It uses a magnetic needle.

Q.   Where would you find a compass rose and what is its purpose?
A.   On a map. It gives you the directions on a map.

Q.   Label the compass rose:




A.                        +
Q.   What are the four cardinal terms for directions?
A.   North, East, South and West

Q.   Label the directions on a map.
A.   Label (N) orth, (E) ast, (S) outh, and (W) est on a map.

Q.   What are the intermediate directions on a compass?
A.   Northeast
     Northwest
     Southeast
     Southwest
Q.   What is a map?
A.   A map is a drawing of a place.

Q.   What are symbols on a map?
A.   A symbol is a character that stands for something else.
Q.   What is a map key?
A.   A map key tells what each symbol stands for.

Q.   What are maps used for?
A.   Maps give directions on how to get somewhere or find something.

Q.   Explain the difference in a map and a globe.
A.   A map is a flat drawing representing the earth or a part of the earth. A
     globe is a round model of the earth.

Q.   On a world map find the following:
     North Pole
     South Pole
     Equator
     Hemispheres
     Oceans
     Continents
A.   The students will locate these items on the world map.

Q.   What is the equator?
A.   An imaginary line around the center of the earth.

Q.   The lines running north and south on the globe are called what?
A.   Lines of longitude.

Q.   What hemisphere is the United States in?
A.   Northern Hemisphere

Q.   What are transportation maps used for?
A.   To help you know the direction to go when you are traveling.

Q.   In what direction would you travel if you were going to Australia from the
     state of Alabama?
A.   Southeast

Q.   In what direction would you travel if you were traveling from New York to
     Chicago?
A.   Southwest (SW)

Q.   Which state is considered a peninsula?
A.   Florida

Q.   Describe the difference between a peninsula and an island.
A.   A peninsula has water on three sides and an island is surrounded by
     water or has water on all sides.

Q.   Name one state that borders the Gulf of Mexico.
A.   Florida (Alabama, Texas, Mississippi)

Q.   Name the ocean that is along the coast of Florida.
A.   Atlantic Ocean

Q.   There is an island ninety miles off the coast of Florida. What is the name
     of this island?
A.   Cuba

Q.   What geographical features are found on a map?
A.   Land masses and water will be found on a map. A compass rose with the
     cardinal directions will also be found on a map.

Q.   Identify characteristics of different landscapes by filling in the blanks using
     the following words: river, peninsula, lake, mountain, plain, valley, and
     island.
     a.      A _______ is a body of water with land all around it.
     b.      An ___________ is a piece of land surrounded by water.
     c.      A ________ is low land between hills or mountains.
     d.      Flat land with lots of grass is called a ____________.
     e.      A ________ is land that has water on three sides.
     f.      A _________ is a long body of water that flows across the land.
     g.      The highest kind of land is a _____________.
A.   a.      lake
     b.      island
     c.      valley
     d.      plain
     e.      peninsula
     f.      river
     g.      mountain

Q.   How many oceans are there?
A.   Four: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic

Q.   Identify and label the countries found in North America.
A.   The student will be given a blank map of North America and will label the
     United States, Canada and Mexico.

Q.   What is the environment?
A.   The environment is the air, water, land and the living things around us.




Q.   Describe the natural environment of North America.
A.   There are lush forests, mountains, valleys, and islands as well as plains
     and deserts. Water is abundant in rivers, streams, lakes and oceans.
     Wildlife includes animals of the plains, forests, deserts, mountains and
     lakes and oceans.

Q.   What is a natural resource?
A.   Something found in nature that people use.

Q.   List some natural resources in the Huntsville region.
A.   Tennessee River
     Big Spring
     Forests
     Limestone rocks

Q.   Why are natural resources less plentiful today than in the past?
A.   The growing population has caused increased consumption of our natural
     resources.

Q.   How can we help conserve natural resources?
A.   Recycle
     No unnecessary waste
     Keep parks and playgrounds clean

Q.   What natural resources made Northern Alabama an ideal place to grow
     cotton?
A.   Long growing periods
     Good climate
     Rich red soil

Q.   What was the result for man’s need for water reservoirs?
A.   Lands were flooded and some communities were forced to move or were
     lost. Some good farm land was lost and reservoirs allowed other farmers
     to gain access to much needed water.

Q.   Name three natural resources and describe what happens when they run
     out.
A.   Water, trees, and oil are three resources that cannot be replaced when
     they are depleted.
History

Q.    Name two Native American tribes who lived in the area which is now
      Alabama.
A.    Cherokee
      Chickasaw
      Choctaw
      Creek

Q.    What Native Americans lived in the southwest?
A.    Anasazi           Cherokee              Iroquois

Q.    Native Americans and early settlers had to rely on ___________ to
      survive in the wilderness.
A.    Natural resources

Q.    Explain how the environment affected the way of life of the Plains Indians.
      Include information on food, shelter, and clothing.
A.    The Plains Indians lived on a flat area of grassland known as the Plains.
      The area was a good place for the buffalo to live. The buffalo provided for
      many things in the Plains Indians lives. They used the buffalo’s skins for
      clothing and shelter. The meat of the buffalo was a very important source
      of food. They used the bones and horns to make tools and decorations
      for their clothing.

Q.    What is the purpose of a Kiva?
A.    It is used for ceremonies by Indians.

Q.    What happened to the people living at Mesa Verde?
A.    No one knows.

Q.    Name one contribution made by the Native Americans.
A.    Cultivated the land.

Q.    Why do you think the Pilgrims survived the first winter?
A.    The Indians helped them.

Q.    Who showed the settlers how to use the crops they found?
A.    Native Americans
Q.   Where did the first settlers in North America come from?
A.   England

Q.   Who is credited for having discovered America?
A.   Christopher Columbus

Q.   Who were the first European settlers?
A.   The English in Jamestown

Q.   Describe the relationships between early settlers and the natural
     environment.
A.   Basic needs were provided by resources from the land and water.

Q.   Name a change caused by the settlers.
A.   Trees were cut down to build homes and buildings.

Q.   Name a way to preserve the past.
A.   Write it down.

Q.   What is the name of the home where the President of the United States
     lives?
A.   The White House

Q.   Who was the first president?
A.   George Washington

Q.   Who was the first President to reside in the White House?
A.   John Adams

Q.   What is the Constitution of the United States?
A.   A plan of laws and rules for America.

Q.   Who wrote the Constitution?
A.   Thomas Jefferson

Q.   What is the Declaration of Independence?
A.   A paper announcing why we wanted to be free from England.

Q.   Why did we fight a war with England in 1775?
A.   To gain our Independence.

Q.   What do we celebrate on July the 4th?
A.   The independence of the United States of America.

Q.   How many states were there after the Revolutionary War?
A.   Thirteen
Q.   What do the thirteen stripes and fifty stars on the U.S. Flag stand for?
A.   The stripes represent the thirteen original colonies and each star
     represents one of the current fifty states.


Q.   If another state was added to our country, how would the flag change?
A.   Another star would have to be added.

Q.   What was the effect of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation?
A.   Slavery was abolished and slaves were set free.

Q.   Identify several patriotic symbols.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples:
     Statue of Liberty
     Liberty Bell
     Washington Monument
     The Flag
     The Bald Eagle
     Lincoln Memorial
     Jefferson Memorial
     Uncle Sam
     White House
     Capitol Building

Q.   What did Orville and Wilbur Wright do?
A.   Built the world’s first successful airplane.

Q.   What tool shows spans of time and what happened during those times?
A.   A timeline.

Q.   Use the timeline to answer these questions.

                                    Mario’s Life

     Birth First Grade First Job           Graduation   College Gr. Marriage

     1979      1985          1996             1997        2002        2007

     a.     What year did Mario get his first job?
     b.     How much time elapsed between 1st job and college graduation?
     c.     How old was Mario when he got married?
A.   a.     1996
     b.     6 years
     c.     28 years old
Government

Q.   How are the leaders in our cities, states and our country chosen?
A.   The people who are registered voting citizens of the city, state, and
     country vote for the person of their choice.

Q.   What is the function of the President of the United States? Who is our
     current President?
A.   The President of the United States is our most important leader. The
     President helps make laws for our country. Our current President is
     President George W. Bush.

Q.   How many main branches is the government divided into?
A.   Three: President/ Congress/ Supreme Court

Q.   Name three branches of the federal government.
A.   Legislative
     Judicial
     Executive

Q.   How many Supreme Court judges are there?
A.   Nine

Q.   What is a compromise?
A.   A compromise is an agreement reached when each side gives up some
     demands.

Q.   Identify several forms of governing.
A.   Democracy
     English Common Law
     Mayflower Compact

Q.   What is the United States Constitution?
A.   The plan of government for the United States that explains what the
     different parts of our government are and outline the most important laws.

Q.   What are the government leaders below called:
     a.    for a city
     b.    for a state
     c.    for a country (national government)
A.   a.     mayor
     b.     governor
     c.     president




Q.   List the leader and responsibilities of local, state and national
     governments.
A.   Local                      State                    National

     Mayor                       Governor              President
     City roads/streets          state highways        interstates
     City parks                  state parks           national parks
     City laws                   state laws            national laws
     City taxes                  state taxes           federal taxes
     Schools                     prisons               national defense
     Libraries                   state libraries       national libraries
            etc.

Q.   Who is elected by the people of a community to make sure laws are
     obeyed?
A.   Mayor

Q.   Who signs the laws for the city?
A.   The mayor

Q.   What does the city council do?
A.   Makes laws for the city.

Q.   What is the role of a governor?
A.   The top state leader.

Q.   What is a rule?
A.   A rule is something that tells people what to do and what not to do and the
     consequences for doing something wrong.

Q.   What are the responsibilities of a citizen?
A.   Voting
     Obeying the law

Q.   Explain why we need rules.
A.   To provide safe guidelines to live by.

Q.   Why do we need traffic laws?
A.   So we can travel safely on the roads.
Economics

Q.    What is a producer?
A.    Someone who makes goods and provides services.

Q.    What is a consumer?
A.    Someone who buys goods or services.

Q.    What effect would running out of coal or oil have on the United States?
A.    People would not be able to drive, heat their homes or run their factories
      without these forms of energy. This would affect jobs and life styles.

Q.    Explain why a port was an important place to build a city.
A.    A port made a good place to build a city because it provided for good
      transportation and a place to fish for food.

Q.    Distinguish between wants and needs.
A.    Needs are necessary for survival; wants make survival easier.

Q.    Which of the following is a need?
A.    food          new clothes         computer games

Q.    If prices of products went low, what would happen?
A.    More products would be sold.

Q.    Why should you save money?
A.    For later needs.




Culture

Q.    Describe the relationship between early settlements and the natural
      environment.
A.    Needs were met by natural resources; hunting, farming, mining, etc.
Q.   What are three types of communities?
A.   Rural
     Urban
     Suburban

Q.   What would you find in an urban community?
A.   Tall buildings
     Cars and taxis
     Museums and libraries
     Department stores

Q.   List the effects changing technologies have had on communication and
     understanding other cultures.
A.   Television, Email, Satellite and internet communications have brought the
     world closer together. Irrigation methods shared; other cultures and
     religions exposed; ideas shared; research materials broadened

Q.   Why do we celebrate Veteran’s Day in the United States?
A.   To honor and remember all of the people who have made sacrifices to
     keep our country safe.

Q.   What are some major holiday celebrations in the United States?
A.   New Year’s Day
     Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday
     Groundhog Day
     Valentine’s Day
     President’s Day
     St. Patrick’s Day
     Easter
     Mother’s Day
     Memorial Day
     Flag Day
     Father’s Day
     July 4th—Independence Day
     Labor Day
     Columbus Day
     Veteran’s Day
     Thanksgiving Day
     Christmas Day
     Chanukah
     Kwanzaa
GRADE 4 – Alabama History and Geography

Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.   Define geography?
A.   Geography is the study of the earth and how we live on it.

Q.   What are the different types of maps used in geography?
A.   The types of maps used in geography include weather/climate maps,
     physical-relief maps, transportation maps, political boundary maps,
     economic development maps, and land use maps.

Q.   What are the map scale and map key and how are they used?
A.   A map scale is a short distance (such as a centimeter or an inch) that is
     used to represent the real sizes and distances on earth (miles and
     kilometers). The map key, or legend, explains what the map symbols are.

Q.   What are latitude lines?
A.   Imaginary lines on a map that run east and west on a map.

Q.   What are longitude lines?
A.   Imaginary lines on a map that run north and south.

Q.   What is a hemisphere?
A.   A hemisphere is one half of the Earth.

Q.   What is the imaginary line that divides the Earth into northern and
     southern hemispheres?
A.   The equator.

Q.   How would you describe the equator?
A.   a.   20 degrees south latitude
     b.   80 degrees north latitude
     c.   0 degrees latitude
     d.   0 degrees longitude

Q.   How many hemispheres do we have on the planet Earth? Name them.
A.   There are four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western.

Q.   North America is in the ____________ Hemisphere.
A.   Northern

Q.   If we divide the globe into hemispheres with the Prime Meridian, what
     hemisphere would North America be in?
A.   Western

Q.   Which pair does not belong in this grouping? Why?
     a.    longitude, latitude
     b.    high, low
     c.    degrees, minutes
     d.    Eastern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere
A.   c.    degrees, minutes—these are not opposites

Q.   How would you best describe a continent?
A.   A continent is a large land mass. There are seven continents.

Q.   Locate the seven continents on a globe or map. Name them.
A.   North America
     South America
     Europe
     Asia
     Africa
     Antarctica
     Australia

Q.   The Earth has four large bodies of water. What are they called?
A.   Oceans

Q.   List the four oceans.
A.   Atlantic
     Pacific
     Indian
     Arctic

Q.   What are the cardinal directions on a compass rose?
A.   North
     South
     East
     West

Q.   What are the intermediate directions?
A.   Northeast
     Northwest
     Southeast
     Southwest
Q.   What do you use to find directions?
A.   equator            compass rose                  map key

Q.   What is a compass rose?
A.   It is a symbol on a map that shows directions.

Q.   On a map, where can you look to find major cities, rivers, capitals, etc.?
A.   This information can be located by looking at the map key.

Q.   Identify various geographical landforms.
A.   Mountains
     Valleys
     Rivers
     Plains
     Peninsulas
     Islands
     Lakes

Q.   In which city, county, state, country, and on what continent do you live?
A.   Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama, USA, North America

Q.   Looking at a map of the United States, in which direction would you travel
     to get to Alabama from Tennessee?
A.   South

Q.   What are Alabama’s neighboring states?
A.   Tennessee—north
     Mississippi—west
     Georgia—east
     Florida—south

Q.   Where is Mobile located in Alabama?
A.   northern           southern                central

Q.   Which is not one of the four states that border Alabama?
A.   a.    Tennessee
     b.    Mississippi
     c.    Arkansas
     d.    Florida

Q.   Name the time zones. Which one is Alabama in?
A.   The time zones are:
     Eastern
     Central
     Mountain
     Pacific
      Alabama is in the central time zone.

Q.    What natural resources does Alabama have?
A.    Cotton, peanuts, trees, fish, game


Q.    What is the black belt region of Alabama known for?
A.    Rich soil; cotton production

Q.    What states come first and last in alphabetical order?
A.    Alabama is first; Wyoming is last.




History

Q.    List four prehistoric Indian tribes.
A.    Paleo
      Archaic
      Woodland
      Mississippian

Q.    Who were the first people in Alabama and from where did they come?
A.    The first people in Alabama came from Asia; they walked across the land
      bridge.

Q.    Name one of the Indian tribes that lived in Alabama.
A.    Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw

Q.    How did the Spanish exploration of Alabama change the lives of Native
      Americans?
A.    Many were killed by the explorers; many diseases were brought by the
      Spanish.

Q.    What impact did the Europeans have on the Indians?
A.    They changed the way they lived and dressed.

Q.    Compare and contrast two European explorers.
A.    Christopher Columbus—was an explorer from Italy who discovered Cuba
      when he was looking for a trade route to India.
      Leif Erickson—was a Viking explorer who was the first to discover North
      America.

Q.    Why did Desoto come to Alabama?
A.    He came in search of gold and silver.
Q.   What was the cause of the Revolutionary War?
A.   Freedom from British rule.



Q.   What written document declared America to be a separate nation from
     Great Britain?
A.   The Declaration of Independence

Q.   Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
A.   Thomas Jefferson

Q.   Why do we call men such as Thomas Jefferson, George Washington,
     Benjamin Franklin and John Hancock the founding fathers?
A.   They helped found the new nation of the United States.

Q.   How did the settlers gain control of Alabama from the Native Americans?
A.   They fought the Creek and Indian War.

Q.   Why has the Alabama state capital changed four times?
A.   It changed to find a central location.

Q.   Name the five capital cities of Alabama and why the capital moved from
     each until its present-day location.
A.   St. Stephens—was Alabama’s capital when Alabama became a territory.
     Huntsville—was the capital when Alabama became a state.
     Cahaba—became the capital because travel to and from Huntsville was
            most difficult for the people in the southern part of the state.
     Tuscaloosa—became the capital due to flooding in Cahaba.
     Montgomery—in 1846, became the final location because of the
            convenience of being a more central location. The people in
            southern Alabama were still having a difficult time making the trip to
            Tuscaloosa.

Q.   What is Alabama’s state flower?
A.   The camellia is Alabama’s state flower.

Q.   Explain what contributed to the beginning of the Civil War.
A.   Slavery was important to the economy of the southern states that
     depended on its agricultural economy. The northern states were
     industrialized and did not depend on slavery. The northern states wanted
     to abolish slavery.

Q.   Why did Alabama secede from the Union?
A.   Alabama wanted to keep the practice of slavery. Other disagreements
     were involved as well.

Q.   What is meant by “secession” from the Union?
A.   To leave the Union.

Q.   During the Civil War, when the United States was divided into two nations,
     what were the two nations?
A.   Confederacy and the Union

Q.   What was the first capital of the Confederacy?
A.   Montgomery

Q.   Summarize the major aspects of Alabama’s role in the Civil War.
A.   Economics
     Importance of the port of Mobile
     Selma as an armament center
     Alabama troops at the Battle of Gettysburg

Q.   How did the Civil War impact Alabama?
A.   The Civil War changed the political practices of Alabama; abolished
     slavery and added problems such as the KKK.

Q.   What did the institution of slavery increase in Alabama?
A.   The increase in the demand for cotton.

Q.   Who was one of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroad
     and who had a great influence on the freedom of slaves?
A.   Harriet Tubman

Q.   Who wrote the Gettysburg Address?
A.   Abraham Lincoln

Q.   Which president is responsible for ending slavery?
A.   Abraham Lincoln

Q.   What is a Civil War?
A.   A civil war is a war between different groups of people of the same nation.
     The American Civil War was fought between the northern and southern
     states.

Q.   What were the years of the Civil War?
A.   1861—1865

Q.   Who was the person that assassinated President Lincoln?
A.   John Wilkes Booth
Q.   Name the famous Alabamian known as he “Father of the Blues”.
A.   W. C. (Jam) Handy

Q.   Explain the major reason people went to California in the mid 1800’s.
A.   The discovery of gold led people to California.

Q.   If you were to travel in the 1800’s, name one way you could travel.
A.   Wagon
     Train
     Steamboat
     Horse

Q.   What industry was Birmingham known for in the late 1860’s and 1870’s?
A.   cotton             steel             plastics              timber

Q.   Discuss some major accomplishments of George Washington Carver.
A.   At Tuskegee, George Washington Carver (January 1, 1860 -- January 5,
     1943) developed his crop rotation method, which alternated nitrate
     producing legumes—such as peanuts and peas—with cotton, which
     depletes soil of its nutrients. Following Carver’s lead, southern farmers
     soon began planting peanuts one year and cotton the next. While many of
     the peanuts were used to feed livestock, large surpluses quickly
     developed. Carver then developed 325 different uses for the extra
     peanuts—from cooking oil to printer’s ink. When he discovered that the
     sweet potato and the pecan also enriched depleted soils, Carver found
     almost 20 uses for these crops, including synthetic rubber and material for
     paving highways.

Q.   In the 1900’s what insect was the cause of the destruction of much of the
     cotton crop across Alabama.
A.   In the 1900’s the boll weevil, an insect that eats cotton, began to destroy
     Alabama’s cotton crop.

Q.   Who refused to give up her seat on a bus sparking the Civil Rights
     Movement?
A.   Rosa Parks

Q.   What impact did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have in Alabama?
A.   The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation everywhere in the U.S.
     including Alabama. African Americans were now permitted to go
     everywhere whites were allowed to go and expect the same treatment.

Q.   What are ways historians learn about the past?
A.   Historians learn about the past through the works of archaeologists (by
     studying artifacts) and anthropologists (by using written documents).
Q.   List at least four symbols that represent America.
A.   Answers will vary. Examples:
     Statue of Liberty
     Liberty Bell
     Washington Monument
     The Flag
     The Bald Eagle
     Lincoln Memorial
     Jefferson Memorial
     Uncle Sam
     White House
     Capitol Building
     Pledge of Allegiance

Government

Q.   List and describe the three branches of government.
A
                              Legislative Branch

     The legislative branch of government is made up on the Congress and
     government agencies, such as the Government Printing Office and Library
     of Congress, which provide assistance to and support services for the
     Congress. Article I of the Constitution established this branch and gave
     Congress the power to make laws. Congress has two parts, the House of
     Representatives and the Senate.

                              Executive Branch

     The executive branch of government makes sure that the laws of the
     United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head
     of the executive branch of government. This branch is very large so the
     President gets help from the Vice-President, department heads (Cabinet
     Members) and heads of independent agencies.
              President—Leader of the country and commands the military
              Vice-President—President of the Senate and becomes
               President if the President can no longer do his job
              Departments—Department heads advise the President on
               issues and help carry out policies
              Independent Agencies—help carry out policy or provide special
               services




                                Judicial Branch

     The judicial branch of government is made up of the court system. The
     Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. There are nine Supreme
     Court judges. Article III of the Constitution established this Court and all
     other Federal courts were created by Congress. Courts decide arguments
     about the meanings of laws, how they are applied and whether they break
     the rule of the Constitution.

Q.   What are the terms of offices for each branch and are they elected or
     appointed to office?
A.   President: elected for four years
     Congress: Senators elected for six years (two per state)
                 Representatives elected for two years (based on population)
     Judicial: Serve a lifetime. Appointed by the President; approved by the
     Senate. There are nine Supreme Court Judges.


Q.   Explain the concept of checks and balances.
A.   Each branch of the government has limited powers over the other
     branches.

Q.   Why is the Constitution important?
A.   It is the plan of government for the United States that explains what the
     different parts of our government are and outline the most important laws.

Q.   What is the part of government that makes laws for the whole country?
A.   Legislative

Q.   Which branch of the government decides whether a law passed by
     Congress or State supports the Constitution?
A.   Judicial

Q.   Who is the current President of the United States?
A.   President George W. Bush

Q.   The president is part of which branch of government?
A.   Executive
Q.   Who rules the government in a democracy?
A.   The people rule the government directly or through elected
     representatives.

Q.   What is the difference in a monarchy and a democracy?
A.   The government is ruled by the people in a democracy; a person or family
     rules in a monarchy (king or queen).

Q.   Our constitution gives us certain ____________, such as life, liberty, and
     the pursuit of happiness, but we also have responsibilities. Fill in the
     blank.
A.   Rights

Q.   Why is Washington, D.C. in the District of Columbia rather that a state?
A.   The district is land that is not part of any one state.

Q.   Describe the structure of the state government. What part does each of
     these play in Alabama’s government?
A.   Executive Branch oversees the state government departments and runs
     the day to day business of the government.
     Legislative Branch creates and passes laws.
     Judicial Branch runs the courts and interprets the meaning of the laws.

Q.   What is the difference between the President and an governor?
A.   The President is the head of the executive branch of the national
     government. A governor is the head of the executive branch of a state
     government.

Q.   Who is the current governor of Alabama?
A.   Governor Bob Riley

Q.   Name the capital of Alabama?
A.   Montgomery, Alabama

Q.   What are some of the responsibilities of state government?
A.   Some responsibilities of state government are providing police protection,
     running schools and building/maintaining roads and highways.

Q.   Responsibilities to our government include being loyal to our__________,
     obeying the ____________, and paying ____________.
A.   country, law, taxes

Q.   What is a citizen?
A.   A citizen is a legal member of a nation.

Q.   What happens if a state law and a county law conflict?
A.    The state law prevails.

Q.    Who has the power to veto bill once they are passed by Congress?
A.    The President has the power to veto a bill.



Economics

Q.    Explain the relationship between supply and demand.
A.    As supplies go up, costs decrease; as supplies go down, costs increase.

Q.    When prices are low, buying and selling slows down; people don’t have
      much money. This is called a _______________.
A     Depression

Q.    What is one benefit of comparison shopping?
A.    Comparison shopping could help a consumer save money.

Q.    What conclusion could be drawn from this newspaper advertisement?
                        Clearance Sale
                    70% off All Items!!!!!!!!!!!!!
A.    A reduction in price for all items in an effort to move these items out of the
      store.

Q.    How do natural resources impact Alabama’s economy?
A.    They supply jobs, people pay taxes, and taxes build better schools.

Q.    Give an example of agriculture.
A.    Crops such as cotton, soybeans, peanuts, etc.


Culture


Q.    What is the reason for civilization?
A.    To help one another by working together.

Q.    Many cultures have made an impact on the development of the United
      States. What were the earliest Native American cultures for which
      evidence has been found in Alabama?
A.    Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian Native Americans

Q.    Why do we celebrate Veteran’s Day in the United States?
A.    To honor and remember all of the people who have made sacrifices to
      keep our country safe.
Q.   What is the significance of President’s Day?
A.   President’s Day is a day to pay tribute and remember the
     accomplishments made by former leaders.



Q.   What are some major holiday celebrations in the United States?
A.   New Year’s Day
     Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday
     Groundhog Day
     Valentine’s Day
     President’s Day
     St. Patrick’s Day
     Easter
     Mother’s Day
     Memorial Day
     Flag Day
     Father’s Day
     July 4th—Independence Day
     Labor Day
     Columbus Day
     Veteran’s Day
     Thanksgiving Day
     Christmas Day
     Chanukah
     Kwanzaa
GRADE 5 – United States Studies: Beginning to 1900
Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.   What are the following maps used for?
     Political maps, Physical maps, Color Key maps, Natural Resource maps
A.   Political maps: depict the country, capital, large cities, states, countries…
     Physical maps: depict the wide range of landforms in the country…
     Color key maps: depict the average temperature, population density and
     elevations…
     Natural resource maps: depict the locations of centers of agriculture,
     manufacturing, education…

Q.   What is the difference in a road map and a physical map?
A.   A road map shows you how to get from one place to another, whereas a
     physical map highlights earth’s natural features.

Q.   Name a variety of sources we can use in map skills.
A.   Charts
     Globes
     Graphs
     Maps
     Time lines
     Tables
     Illustrations

Q.   What is a scale?
A.   A scale is a guide that explains the relationship between real distances on
     Earth and distances on a map.

Q.   Most maps have a part marked scale. What is the function of this scale?
A.   a.    Tells time
     b.    Helps in locating specific areas
     c.    Tells distance

Q.   How would you best describe a continent?
A.   A continent is a large land mass. There are seven continents.

Q.   Locate the seven continents on a globe or map. Name them.
A.   North America
     South America
     Europe
     Asia
     Africa
     Antarctica
     Australia

Q.   The Earth has four large bodies of water. What are they called?
A.   Oceans

Q.   List the four oceans.
A.   Atlantic
     Pacific
     Indian
     Arctic

Q.   What are the cardinal directions on a compass rose?
A.   North
     South
     East
     West

Q.   What are the intermediate directions?
A.   Northeast
     Northwest
     Southeast
     Southwest

Q.   What is a compass rose?
A.   It is a symbol on a map that shows directions.

Q.   On a map, where can you look to find major cities, rivers, capitals, etc.?
A.   This information can be located by looking at the map key.

Q.   How can we use latitude and longitude in our map skills?
A.   Latitude and longitude can be used for comparing climates of places in
     different parts of the world: the equator, Arctic Circle, and Antarctic
     Circle…

Q.   What do lines of latitude measure?
A.   Lines of latitude measure the distance north and south of the equator.

Q.   What are the five regions of the United States?
A.   West
     Middle West
     Southwest
     Northeast
     Southeast

Q.   In what region of the United States is Alabama located?
A.   Southeast region


Q.   Name the fifty states and capitals.
A.   States will be given and capitals matched.

Q.   Identify various geographical landforms found in the United States.
A.   Mountains
     Valleys
     Rivers
     Plains
     Peninsulas
     Islands
     Lakes

Q.   What are some physical geographic forms in North America’s natural
     environments?
A.   River systems
     Landforms
     Natural regions
     Natural resources
     Native wildlife vegetation

Q.   What are the five themes of geography?
A.   Location
     Place
     Movement
     Region
     Human/Environmental Interactions

Q.   What geographic features were needed for American settlements?
A.   A water source
     Fertile soil
     Wild game
     Forests

Q.   Contrast the geography of the New England, Middle and Southern
     colonies.
A.   New England—cold, rocky, short growing season
     Middle—moderate climate, rich soil, longer growing season
     Southern—warm, rich soil, long growing season
Q.    What is the difference in natural and renewable resources?
A.    Natural resources are found in nature. Renewable resources are those
      resources that can be replaced.

Q.    Classify wood as a renewable or non-renewable resource.
A.    Renewable

U. S. History

Q.    Name some of the European explorers between the years of 1400’s—
      1600’s.
A.    Marco Polo
      Prince Henry
      Bartholomew Dias
      Vasco da Gamma

Q.    What was the Columbian Exchange?
A.    Columbus’ movement of people, plants, animals and germs across the
      Atlantic Ocean.

Q.    Native Americans from a coastal area probably obtained most of their food
      from ___________.
A.    ships               fishing and hunting       grocery stores

Q.    What was the Mayflower Compact that was written in 1620?
A.    The Mayflower Compact was a written agreement to make laws for the
      Plymouth Colony.

Q.    Why were slaves important to Americans during the 1600’s?
A.    They helped with the economy. Money (cash crops) was important and it
      made the plantation owners rich.

Q.    What was the first permanent settlement in North America?
A.    Jamestown, Virginia

Q.    Why did colonists of Jamestown send surplus goods to England for trade?
A.    English law required that colonist’s trade only with England.

Q.    Who fought in the American Revolution?
A.    The colonists from the thirteen original colonies and Great Britain.

Q.    What were the dates of the American Revolution?
A.    The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775—1783.

Q.    What were some reasons for the American Revolution?
A.    Stamp Act
     Townsend Act
     Boston Massacre
     Boston Tea Party




Q.   Define: Patriots
              Loyalists
A.   Patriots wanted freedom from Great Britain.
     Loyalists were loyal to Great Britain and the King.

Q.   What were the consequences of the Stamp Act?
A.   The colonists protested the Stamp Act and attacked the tax agents. The
     British could not enforce it and had to repeal it.

Q.   Who were the “Sons of Liberty”?
A.   The Sons of Liberty were a group of men who kept the colonists informed
     of events in the colony during the American Revolution.

Q.   Patrick Henry gave a fiery speech stating “Give me liberty or give me
     death!” What was he trying to say with this statement?
A.   a.     He wanted to be set free from jail.
     b.     He wanted Virginia to stay out of the fight for freedom.
     c.     He wanted Virginia involved in the fight for freedom.

Q.   What occupation were the participants in Shay’s rebellion?
A.   farmers

Q.   What was the significance of Common Sense written by Thomas Paine?
A.   It was the first pamphlet written about freedom in the colonies that the
     common man could understand.

Q.   Who is John Paul Jones?
A.   He is the father of our Navy. He manned the first ship in the American
     Revolution.

Q.   Define “indentured” servant.
A.   A person that agreed to be a slave for seven years to pay for their voyage
     to the colonies.
Q.   What are the thirteen original colonies?
A.   Rhode Island
     Connecticut
     Maryland
     Virginia
     Pennsylvania
     Delaware
     New York
     New Jersey
     Georgia
     North Carolina
     South Carolina
     New Hampshire
     Massachusetts

Q.   Determine the result of the Louisiana Purchase.
A.   The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the thirteen original colonies

Q.   Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. because he needed the
     money. What did it do for the United States?
A.   a.    It doubled the size of the U.S.
     b.    Education was improved all over the country.
     c.    More trade was available.

Q.   What is the Declaration of Independence?
A.   The official document issued by the Second Continental Congress on July
     4th, 1776 explaining why the American colonies were breaking away from
     Great Britain. It established basic rights for Americans.

Q.   Who designed the Declaration of Independence and why?
A.   Thomas Jefferson (main author), John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger
     Sherman and Robert Livingston designed the Declaration of
     Independence. It was designed to declare the colonists desire for
     freedom from Great Britain.

Q.   What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
A.   It did not give the central government enough power to settle the disputes
     between the states; did not allow them the authority to raise taxes and
     could not pay for such things as an army.
Q.   Why did George Washington refuse when he was asked to be the first
     “king” of the United States?
A.   a.     He didn’t think he was smart enough.
     b.     He thought someone else would do a better job
     c.     He had fought too hard for the colonies’ freedom from the King of
            England.

Q.   What is the Constitution?
A.   A plan of government for our country.

Q.   When was the Constitution ratified?
A.   1790

Q.   What is the importance of the Preamble of the Constitution?
A.   This statement declares that our government was established by the
     people and for the people.

Q.   How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention make sure that no
     branch of the government would have too much authority?
A.   By developing a system of checks and balances, which keeps any one
     branch of the government from using its authority wrongly. This helped all
     three branches work together as equal partners.

Q.   Which constitutional amendment abolished slavery?
A.   13th

Q.   Which constitutional amendment gave women the right to vote?
A.   19th

Q.   What are settlers from foreign countries called?
A.   immigrants

Q.   Analyze the causes of the reasons for immigration to the United States.
A.   Religious reasons
     Fertile land
     Jobs
     Freedom
     Safety
     Better life

Q.   What was the Northwest Ordinance?
A.   The Northwest Ordinance was a law that provided a way for new
     territories to become states.

Q.   In what year did the Civil War begin?
A.   1861

Q.   Why did Robert E. Lee refuse to take command of the Union Army?
A.   a.    He was afraid to be a leader
     b.    There weren’t enough supplies
     c.    He would have to fight against his own family.

Q.   Describe the culture of African slaves in Colonial America.
A.   The slaves were forbidden by law to learn to read or write and many
     experienced abject poverty and lacked proper shelter and clothing.

Q.   The Emancipation Proclamation was written to ______________.
A.   a.   protest unfair taxes
     b.   end the Revolutionary War
     c.   declare slavery unfair

Q.   When the Gold Rush started, everyone was headed to _____________.
A.   a.   Louisiana
     b.   Texas
     c.   California

Q.   What was the impact of the Industrial Revolution on American Society?
A.   Power driven factories along rivers
     Rapid growth of cities
     Women and children joined the workplace
     Immigration increased
     Labor unions were formed
     Growth in the area of transportation

Q.   Why did people form and join labor unions during the Industrial
     Revolution?
A.   In order to gain better safer working conditions for themselves and others.

Q.   Relate the New Deal to the Great Depression.
A.   President Roosevelt began federal programs known as the New Deal to
     alleviate the Great Depression.

Q.   During the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr. worked to make
     laws against what movement?
A.   He worked to get the laws changed regarding segregation of blacks and
     whites.

Q.   Contrast a primary and secondary source?
A.   A primary source is an eyewitness of a historical event.
     A secondary source is an account of history by someone who was not an
     eyewitness.
Q.   Why is important to know history?
A.   If you don’t know what has happened in the past and the effect you may
     be doomed to make the same mistakes.



Q.   Are current events important?
A.   Yes, it helps you know what is going on in the world. These events have
     an effect on everyone’s life and future.

Q.   What is a time line?
A.   A time line is a diagram of a series of events in time.




Government

Q.   Who is the current president of the United States?
A.   President George W. Bush

Q.   Who is the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces?
A.   President George W. Bush

Q.   What is a democracy?
A.   A government where the people make the laws and run the country.

Q.   What are four goals of our nation’s government?
A.   Establish justice
     Keep peace
     Defend our country
     Protect our freedoms

Q.   How are the rights of Americans probably different from the rights of
     citizens of other countries?
A.   People in some countries do not have the right to speak freely without fear
     of reprisals against them.

Q.   What are the three levels of government?
A.   Local
     State
     Federal

Q.   List and describe the three branches of government.
A.
                              Legislative Branch

     The legislative branch of government is made up on the Congress and
     government agencies, such as the Government Printing Office and Library
     of Congress, which provide assistance to and support services for the
     Congress. Article I of the Constitution established this branch and gave
     Congress the power to make laws. Congress has two parts, the House of
     Representatives and the Senate.

                              Executive Branch

     The executive branch of government makes sure that the laws of the
     United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head
     of the executive branch of government. This branch is very large so the
     President gets help from the Vice-President, department heads (Cabinet
     Members) and heads of independent agencies.
              President—Leader of the country and commands the military
              Vice-President—President of the Senate and becomes
               President if the President can no longer do his job
              Departments—Department heads advise the President on
               issues and help carry out policies
              Independent Agencies—help carry out policy or provide special
               services

                                Judicial Branch

     The judicial branch of the government is made up of the court system.
     The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. There are nine
     Supreme Court judges. Article III of the Constitution established this Court
     and all other Federal courts were created by Congress. Courts decide
     arguments about the meanings of laws, how they are applied and whether
     they break the rule of the Constitution.

Q.   What are the terms of offices for each branch and are they elected or
     appointed to office?
A.   President: elected for four years
     Congress: Senators elected for six years (two per state)
                 Representatives elected for two years (based on population)
     Judicial: Serve a lifetime. Appointed by the President; approved by the
     Senate. There are nine Supreme Court Judges.

Q.   Which branch of the government makes the laws?
A.   legislative

Q.   What is the Constitution?
A.   A plan of government for our country.
Q.   When was the Constitution ratified?
A.   1790

Q.   What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
A.   The preamble.

Q.   What is the importance of the Preamble of the Constitution?
A.   This statement declares that our government was established by the
     people and for the people.

Q.   Which constitutional amendment abolished slavery?
A.   13th

Q.   Which constitutional amendment gave women the right to vote?
A.   19th amendment

Q.   What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?
A.   The Bill of Rights

Q.   What are some personal freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights?
A.   Religious freedom
     Freedom of Speech
     Due process
     Trial by jury

Q.   What is the system of checks and balances?
A.   The system where on one branch of government cannot act without the
     approval of one of the other branches of the government. The powers of
     each branch are balanced.

Q.   Which of the following responsibilities would be shared by the President of
     the United States and the president of a power company?
A.   a.    negotiates treaties
     b.    maintains the security of the nation
     c.    makes the overall economic plan

Q.   Which of the following duties is performed by the Federal Government?
A.   a.    provide fire protection
     b.    power to print money
     c.    running elections

Q.   Why were the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution written?
A.   a.   to establish a weak central government
     b.   to end the Revolutionary War
     c.   to establish a strong central government
Q.   What is the name of the group of people appointed to help the President?
A.   a.    Legislature
     b.    Cabinet
     c.    Congress

Q.   Which of the following public officials is not a part of the lawmaking
     process?
A.   Treasurer            President              Governor             Mayor



Economics

Q.   What is economy?
A.   The way a country’s people use natural resources, money and knowledge
     to produce goods and services.

Q.   What would an industrial center most likely have?
A.   a.    farms
     b.    fishing boats
     c.    factories

Q.   What was an important change brought about by the Industrial
     Revolution?
A.   a.    costs went up
     b.    unemployment rose
     c.    production increased

Q.   How did increased consumers’ attendance of movies contribute to the
     growth of the movie industry?
A.   a.    more jobs were created
     b.    industry became smaller
     c.    no change in the industry

Q.   What do we call the money earned from doing a job?
A.   Wages

Q.   What pays for streets and highways?
A.   a.    taxes
     b.    donations
     c.    investments

Q.   What is a stock exchange?
A.   A market where shares of stocks are bought and sold.
Culture

Q.    Name three cultural significances that impacted early Europeans and
      Native Americans.
A.    New foods
      Religion
      Diseases
      Languages
      Clothing
      Medicines

Q.    Who is an immigrant?
A.    A person who leaves one country to live in another.

Q.    If you lived in a large urban area, which government do you expect to pick
      up rubbish?
A.    a.      state
      b.      federal
      c.      city
      d.      county

Q.    The purpose of a compromise among people is to…
A.    a.    to make people angry
      b.    settle differences
      c.    create jobs

Q.    What effect does technology have on the way we live?
A.    Technology can take you many places and brings a wealth of information
      to your fingertips.
GRADE 6 – United States Studies: 1900 to the Present
Geography/Maps/Globes


U. S. History


Q.    Summarize President Lincoln’s reasons for issuing the Emancipation
      Proclamation.
A.    To weaken the South by encouraging slaves to run away
      To encourage Britain and France to stop supporting the South
      To earn public support by ending slavery

Q.    Why do you think President Lincoln believed the Copperheads were a
      threat to the Union war efforts?
A.    By splitting Union loyalties, Copperheads could give the Confederacy an
      edge.
      The Copperheads also appealed to racist feelings and encouraged
      disloyalty among Union soldiers.

Q.    Identify the reasons that Gettysburg and Vicksburg were important battles.
A.    Both were turning points in the war. Lee’s army was driven from
      Pennsylvania, the Mississippi River was secured as a Union highway, and
      the south was cut in two.

Q.    Do you think waging total war at this stage of the fighting was necessary?
A.    Yes, it was a way of convincing the South that the war was indeed terrible
      and that it was time to end fighting. No, Sherman did not need to destroy
      so much property along the way. He would have accomplished as much
      by confining his fighting to the battlefield.

Q.    How do you think Sherman’s actions would affect the South’s ability to
      rebuild its economy after the war?
A.    It would take a long time and large amounts of money for the South to
      rebuild.

Q.    How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad influence the
      settlement of the Great Plains?
A.   It attracted more settlers as well as a new type of cattle rancher. In
     addition, it gave farmers more land to grow new crops.




Q.   Identify and discuss the idea of Manifest Destiny.
A.   Manifest Destiny embodied the idea that any space could be occupied by
     the growing nation at any time in the name of national expansion. It
     included disenfranchising Native Americans, foreign nations, i.e. Hawaii
     and Philippines, and destroying the peoples and their culture.

Q.   What was involved in America’s participation in WWI?
A.   Answers will vary but should include:
     Causes of the war
     Reasons for the U. S. to enter the war
     Idea of mobilization and what it did for the economy
     Changes caused at home in the U. S.
     Examples of technology advances
     Treaty of Versailles

Q.   Describe how the rises in credit lead to the Great Depression?
A.   When the stock market crashed, people were unable to repay money they
     had borrowed. Homes, cars and appliances were repossessed.

Q.   What were the positive ideas which came out of the Great Depression?
A.   Answers will vary, but the discussion should include:
     CCC
     TVA
     FDIC
     WPA
     Social Security

Q.   Why do you think the right to vote was important to women?
A.   They had more influence over government’s new laws. They also had
     more influence over the people who made the laws.

Q.   What was the effect of the U. S. involvement in WWII?
A.   Answers will vary but the discussion should include:
     Women’s participation in industry
     Volunteerism
     Rationing
     Financing the war through war bonds
     Military leaders influence on political thought
     Scientific developments
      Technology used during and after the war

Q.    How did forming alliances increase the chances of war in Europe in both
      World War I and World War II?
A.    Countries were forced to come to the aide of their allies. After all allies
      had joined together, the whole world was involved.

Government


Q.    Why do you think the right to vote was important to women?
A.    They had more influence over government’s new laws. They also had
      more influence over the people who made the laws.

Economics

Q.    Relate the changes and improvements in communications to the business
      world.
A.    Improvements in the field of communications include the telegraph,
      telephone, radio air waves, television, internet and cell phones. All have
      greatly improved business by increasing availability of information to both
      businessmen and customers.


Culture

Q.    What were some of the cultural differences that immigrants had to adjust
      to as they entered the United States?
A.    They had different lifestyles, languages and religions. They also had
      different roles for women.
GRADE 7 – World Geography and Citizenship
World Geography (The World in Spatial Terms, Places and Regions, Physical Systems,
Human Systems, Environment and Society, Uses of Geography)

Q.     How does the latitude of a place and the physical features surrounding a
       place influence its climate?
A.     The latitude, degrees north or south of the equator, nearness to water,
       and mountain ranges influence the climate of a place. The position on the
       globe also determines the amount of sunlight and darkness of a place
       throughout a year. The temperatures and availability of water determine
       the types of vegetation that can survive in certain climates.

Q.     What are the seven continents of the world?
A.     North America
       South America
       Asia
       Europe
       Africa
       Antarctica
       Australia

Q.     Explain the five themes of geography.
A.     Movement
       Region
       Location
       Human-Environment Interaction
       Place

Q.     Explain how various physical environments affect human activities, thus
       developing the culture of a place.
A.     People in Alaska, Russia and Antarctica must cope with extensive dark or
       light, and the extreme conditions affect their daily life.

Q.     Explain how population varies throughout the earth. Describe the basic
       characteristic geographers use to research population, distribution
       patterns, and migration patterns.
A.     The most populated areas of the earth are Europe and Asia. People tend
       to locate along rivers, and locations with plentiful vegetation. So
       throughout the earth, small areas of land are considered home to large
       numbers of people. Famine, economic changes and war have influenced
       the migration of people throughout the globe.

Q.     What is the difference between map essentials such as physical/political
       maps and cardinal and intermediate directions?
A.     Physical maps actually show physical features such as rivers, lakes,
       mountains and plateaus. Political maps actually show boundaries
       between places.
       Cardinal directions are those primary directions which include north,
       south, east and west. Intermediate directions are those that fall within the
       cardinal directions. These are northeast, northwest, southeast and
       southwest.

Q.     Why does every map projection distort some part of the earth?
A.     Because it is impossible to show a round globe completely accurately on a
       flat surface.

Q.     Why does the United States have so many different types of climates?
A.     It is because of the country’s huge size compared to other countries. It
       has changing elevations (determines climate) that will change the flow of
       its ocean and wind currents.



Citizenship (Representative Democracy, Law, Personal Economics, Civic Responsibility)

Q.     What are the basic ideas found in the Declaration of Independence?
A.     The basic ideas of the Declaration of Independence were that all people
       are equal and have certain natural rights.

Q.     Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
A.     Thomas Jefferson

Q.     What do you think are the major strengths and weaknesses of the
       Constitution?
A.     Strengths: It is flexible; it limits government interference; it protects civil
       rights; it has a strong checks and balance system
       Weaknesses: It is open-ended; it causes battles between government
       branches; the checks and balance system slows action; the document is
       difficult to amend.

Q.     What is the purpose of Checks and Balances?
A.     To ensure that no branch of government can become too powerful.

Q.     The Preamble of the Constitution opens with “We the People”, why is that
       significant?
A.   Like the Declaration of Independence, the Preamble is concerned with
     liberty and places responsibility for government in the hands of “We the
     People.”

Q.   What are the three types of power that the government has under the
     constitution?
A.   Concurrent
     Reserved
     Enumerated

Q.   What president developed our government’s first cabinet?
A.   President George Washington

Q.   What are the constitutional rights of citizens and where are these rights
     located?
A.   Some of the constitutional rights of citizens are:
     Freedom of speech
     Freedom of religion
     Freedom of the press
     Freedom to petition
     Freedom of assembly
     A speedy trial
     Protection against unlawful search and seizure
     Due process
     Quartering troops
     Civil suits
     Protection against excessive bail and punishment
     All of these rights are found in the United States Constitution.

Q.   Why does the Constitution provide for limited government?
A.   To ensure that the rights of the minority are not denied.

Q.   What is the difference between a direct democracy and a representative
     democracy?
A.   Direct: Citizens vote on all legislation.
     Representative: Citizens elect representatives to act on their behalf.
Q.   How can the supply of resources affect the country’s economy?
A.   Scarcity affects what and how much a country will produce; how goods
     and services will be produced; and who will get the products.

Q.   Even though the Mayflower Compact was a democratic form of
     government, what was one of its major flaws?
A/   It allows only adult males the right to vote.

Q.   What responsibilities do citizens have in preparing to vote?
A.   It is a citizen’s responsibility to register to vote and learn about the
     candidates and the issues involved in the election.

Q.   What does the First Amendment protect?
A.   The First Amendment protects the five basic freedoms which are freedom
     of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly
     and the freedom to petition the government.



Q.   What are the different kinds of law in the United States? Briefly, give a
     description and an example for each one.
A.   The different types of laws are: criminal, civil and juvenile.
     Criminal—involves a crime either against a person or property. An
     example is rape or robbery.
     Civil—involves suits among or between people. An example is a suit
     involving negligence.
     Juvenile—involves individuals under the age of 18. An example is if a
     child commits a crime such as robbery or vandalism he or she is taken
     into custody rather than being placed under arrest.

Q.   What are the basic elements of economics as they apply to consumers?
A.   The basic elements of economics are:
     Supply and demand
     Scarcity
     Opportunity costs
     Characteristics of a market economy
     Cost analysis

Q.   What are some factors that contribute to conflict within and between
     countries?
A.   The use of land
     Economic competition
     Competition for scarce resources
     Cultural differences
     Boundary disputes

Q.   List and explain the stages of acquiring U. S. citizenship. (Naturalization
     Process)
A.   The first step towards naturalization is to file a Declaration of Intention with
     the immigration authorities. During the five year waiting period many
     immigrants take special classes to prepare for citizenship. They study
     American History, the English language and civics. Then, an immigrant
     may file an application for naturalization. If the application is approved,
     the immigrant will be given an appointment with an immigration examiner.
     The examiner determines whether the immigrant is qualified by asking a
     series of questions on the aforementioned topics. The final step is a brief
     court appearance where the immigrant is asked to take an oath of loyalty
     to the United States.

Q.   Explain in detail why the French fry is now being named the freedom fry?
A.   Because of France’s refusal to participate in America’s effort to rid Iraq of
     Saddam Hussein and weapons of mass destruction.



Q.   Why is Nigeria a member of OPEC and yet is not able to support its
     peoples’ needs?
A.   Political instability and civil wars due to Nigeria’s many ethnic groups have
     caused countries to shy away from doing business with this African
     country.
GRADE 8 – World History and Geography to 1500

Geography/Maps/Globes

Q.    What are the five geographical themes?
A.    Location--absolute or relative location of a place on the earth’s surface.
      Place—the physical and human features of a place and the differences
      between the two.
      Movement—how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another.
      Human-Environment Interaction—the physical characteristics of a
      surrounding area and how people affect this environment.
      Region—unifying characteristics of a region like: climate, land, population
      and history.

Q.    Identify the parts of the grid system used to pinpoint positions on the
      Earth’s surface.
A.    Latitude—lines that circle the earth from east to west but are measured
      according to their distance from the equator
      Longitude—lines that run north to south but are measured according to
      their distance from the prime meridian.




History

Q.    What was the significance of the development of writing for ancient
      civilizations?
A.    People were able to communicate better with each other and they left a
      historical record of their civilizations.

Q.    Which characteristic is not needed for the development of a civilization?
A.    -     surplus of Food
      -     type of government
      -     a division of labor
      -     a formal place of worship
Q.   Which of the following is associated with Athens?
A.   -     birthplace of democracy
     -     Parthenon
     -     Age of Pericles
     -     all of the above




Q.   The Middle Ages in western Europe refers to the period:
A.   -     following the collapse of the Roman Empire
     -     soon after the assassination of Julius Caesar
     -     at the end of Augustus Caesar’s rule
     -     before the dawn of history

Q.   In Western Europe during the Middle Ages, the basic economic unit was:
A.   -     shop
     -     town
     -     factory
     -     manor

Q.   The Norman Conquest in 1066 was lead by:
A.   -    William Duke of Normandy
     -    William the Conquer
     -    King William of England
     -    all of these

Q.   Who was Muhammad and what are considered the five pillars of Islam?
A.   Muhammad was the founder of the modern Muslim religion who was born
     at Mecca and received revelations from God that formed the basis of the
     Koran. The five pillars are 1) profession of faith 2) prayer 3) giving alms to
     the poor 4) fast of Ramadan 5) Hajj-pilgrimage to Mecca

Q.   What motivations prompted Europeans to go on the Crusades?
A.   Europeans desired to restore the Holy Land to Christian control. Many
     also traveled to the Middle East seeking wealth, land, trade and a sense of
     adventure.

Q.   An important rule of the Crusades was that
A.   -     the Turks lost interest in Constantinople
     -     feudalism declined in Western Europe
     -     Roman and Greek churches were united
     -     Italy was united into one nation

Q.   What general area of the world did the Roman Empire cover? What
     brought the fall of the Roman Empire?
A.   It eventually included England in the north, all of central Europe, the
     Middle East, and northern Africa including Egypt.
     Continuous attacks from Germanic tribes such as the Visigoths and
     Ostrgoths brought the Roman Empire down.

Q.   When nomadic invaders took over an ancient civilization, how did these
     invaders change?
A.   They absorbed and adopted the culture they took over only to become
     civilized and the fall to a later nomadic force.

Q.   How did most conquerors treat the peoples they took over?
A.   The locals were usually allowed to keep their culture (sometimes even
     laws and leaders) as long as they paid tribute and provided troops when
     called up.

Q.   The earliest civilizations usually had what types of religious practices?
A.   They were usually polytheistic with a hierarchy of Gods, Spirits and even
     ancestor worship.

Q.   The characteristics of government in the ancient empires would include?
A.   Bureaucracy
     Road networks (public works projects)
     Unified tax system
     Code of law
     Standard weights and measures
     Standard writing system

Q.   Name major problems that brought the decline of empires.
A.   Family feuding of the ruling family after a leader had died.
     Continued invasions from outsiders
     Treasury spent on rulers or one ruler forces problems with the structure of
     the government and allowed the people to flounder
     A series of weak leaders allowing a local leader or class (priests, military)
     to take over from within

Government

Q.   What are the three branches of the United States government and their
     basic function?
A.   Executive—to enforce the laws of the United States
     Legislative—to make the laws of the United States
     Judicial—to interpret the laws of the United States

Q.   When was the Constitution of the United States adopted?
A.   1787—ratified by all thirteen states
Q.    What do you think are the strengths of the Constitution?
A.    Flexibility
      Checks and Balances on the government power
      Protection of civil rights

Q.    Defend the following statement: The First Amendment is the most
      important amendment in the Bill of Rights.
A.    It guarantees the rights necessary to ensure that democracy continues.

Q.    Why are citizen’s responsibilities to their communities such an important
      part of our democratic system?
A.    Our democratic society depends on the active participation of citizens.

Q.    Should a president be allowed to serve more than two terms? Why or why
      not?
A.    Yes: Expresses the will of the people.
      No: An individual could become too powerful and compromise the
      balance of power between the three branches.

Q.    How might feelings about citizenship differ among people who are born
      citizens and others who are naturalized citizens?
A.    Naturalized citizens may have a greater appreciation of their rights
      because they had to work for them.



Economics


Q.    How did new technologies contribute to the growth of the overseas
      exploration and scientific investigation?
A.    New shipbuilding techniques made longer voyages possible; navigation
      tools such as the compass allowed for mapmakers to create more
      accurate maps, the microscope allowed examination of tiny life forms; the
      telescope allowed observation of planets and stars.



Culture

Q.    What is culture?
A.    Collective characteristics such as art, literature, music, language, food,
      clothes, and location all contribute to a sense of identity that set one
      people apart from others.

				
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