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									                                             ENGLISH COURSES
0205 HONORS NINTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE              CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors           1 sem                Successful completion             1            1.3           9
                                           of 8th grade English
   Course Description:
        This course is suggested for those students who aspire to continue their study of English in an
    Advanced Placement course. A brief review of the writing skills sequence leads to composition
    assignments requiring interpretive and applied levels of response to literature.
        The literature program focuses on short stories, an American novel, and Shakespeare’s Romeo and
    Juliet, as well as additional outside reading assignments. Speaking skills are reinforced through
    classroom discussions, oral reports, and enrichment activities. Communication skills are developed and
    refined through extensive grammar and vocabulary studies.

0206 NINTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1        1 sem                     Successful completion            1              1.2           9
                                         of 8th grade English
    Course Description:
         Ninth Grade English begins with a comprehensive focus on the writing process and descriptive
    writing. A progressive grammatical skills and review sequence is included in this course, as well as
    extensive vocabulary study.
         The primary objective of the literature program is for students to understand and appreciate literary
    styles and convention, both through analysis and student composition. Students read short stories, an
    American novel, Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, and additional outside reading assignments throughout
    this course. Speaking skills are reinforced through classroom discussions and oral reports.

0208 NINTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2        1 sem                     Successful completion            1              1.0           9
                                         of 8th grade English
    Course Description:
         The first part includes a general review of basic grammatical concepts and later provides practice and
     application in sentence transforming. Special emphasis is placed on sentence structure, the parts of
     speech, and agreement. The writing skills sequence includes effective sentence writing, paragraph
     development, and writing process assignments.
         Students are guided beyond a literal comprehension to an understanding of literary style and
     convention. The literature program focuses on short stories, several short novels, and Shakespeare’s
     Romeo and Juliet. Speaking skills are reinforced through classroom discussions and presentations.

0211 HONORS TENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors          1 Sem                 Successful completion              1            1.3          10
                         of 0205 (or 0206 with teacher recommendation)
    Course Description:
        This course is designed for students of exceptional ability who desire to pursue a challenging course
   of study that will refine their reading and language application skills. Frequent formal and informal
   writing assignments will be given, teaching students to effectively utilize the writing process to plan, draft,
   and revise compositions. High order thinking skills will be emphasized in the analysis of assigned
   literature. The literature program consists of such literary classics as Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar and
   Sophocles’ Antigone, the novel Of Mice and Men, short stories, poetry, and additional outside reading.
   Extensive vocabulary studies emphasizing Greek and Latin roots and prefixes will enhance semantic
   competence and performance on assessments such as the SAT. Grammar and usage skills will be
                                                     31
    reviewed and polished. A substantial research project (historical fiction) will form the basis for an
    informative oral presentation and writing project. Students who select this course should be prepared for a
    high level of challenge and commitment. In addition, students will be responsible for reading three
    outside novels (2 chosen from the AP English list) and for completing an accompanying project.

0210 TENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH             PREREQUISITE           CREDIT                      WEIGHT        GRADE
    1         1 Sem             Successful completion        1                         1.2           10
                   of 0206 (or 0208 with teacher recommendation)

    Course Description:
         This program of comprehensive studies in literature, composition, and oral communication is designed
    to meet the needs of students of high ability and motivation. Students will continue to read, analyze, and
    interpret various literary genre, including short stories, the classic dramas of Antigone and Julius Caesar,
    Of Mice and Men, and poetry. Written responses, oral presentations, and a substantial research project
    (historical fiction) will be required. Students will be expected to achieve a high level of proficiency in
    applying the writing process to developing and polishing multi-paragraph compositions. The development
    of communication and language application skills will include various oral presentations, grammar studies,
    and extensive vocabulary building.

0212 TENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     2        1 Sem                    Successful completion             1             1.0           10
                                          of 0206 or 0208
    Course Description
         Reading skill improvement, especially in the comprehension and interpretation of literature, and
    increasing proficiency in oral and written expression are the fundamental goals of this course.
    Students striving for a comprehensive mastery of communication and language application skills will be
    involved in a regimen of studies that will strengthen core knowledge and performance. Vocabulary study,
    inferential skills, and the development of clear, well organized paragraphs and compositions will be areas
    of major emphasis. Students will read short stories, assigned novels, Julius Caesar, conduct and apply
    research, and make oral presentations.

0215 HONORS ELEVENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
  Honors             1 Sem              Successful completion              1            1.3           11
                            of 0211 (or 0210 with teacher recommendation)
   Course Description
        Designed for the college-bound, academically-curious student, this course provides a
    serious, comprehensive study of American Literature. Its objective is to develop in the student an
    understanding of and appreciation for the varied forms of literature by exploring the themes, styles, and
    points of view of specific American authors. Components of this curriculum include the novel, drama,
    poetry, short story, essay, and non-fiction of "quality" American writers, beginning with those of the
    seventeenth century and culminating with those of the twentieth. This course also includes systematic
    vocabulary study.

    Course Requirements:
        An in-depth critical analysis of one American author, which includes a 5-7 page paper and an oral
    presentation; outside reading of two to three novels; directed journal entries which reflect on concepts or
    perspectives expressed in the literature; and various short essays. Class participation is a must.




                                                     32
0214 ELEVENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT       WEIGHT       GRADE
       I             1 Sem               Successful completion           1             1.2        11
                            of 0210 (or 0212 with teacher recommendation)
   Course Description:
         This course is recommended for the student who shows proficiency in English. Composition
    assignments are based on required readings by major American authors and include short essays, literary
    analyses, creative writings and an author research project. Regular vocabulary study for SAT preparation
    is also a component of this course. Additional requirements include independent reading of
    supplementary American novels, oral presentations, and objective and subjective tests. Videos will be
    used to enhance novel and short story readings.

0216 ELEVENTH GRADE ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT         GRADE
     2               1 Sem               Successful completion              1             1.0          11
                                           of 0210 or 0212
    Course Description:
         Eleventh grade English will focus on American literature, integrating the development of composition
    and speech skills. The literature program will include the study of American literary development. As the
    colonies assumed their own identity apart from England, the literature of the new nation became distinct
    and has continued to evolve as a result of our modern concerns. The student will understand how
    American literature represents what makes us unique as Americans.
         The course material has a dual purpose: (1) to strengthen the reading and critical thinking skills
    necessary for understanding and appreciating literary works; and (2) to develop those writing and speech
    skills required for the clear and persuasive presentation of ideas. The curriculum includes systematic
    vocabulary study and an author research project.

0218 COMMUNICATIONS (Lang.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       9 weeks                          None                        1/2           1.2          12

    Course Description:
         To some, expressing ideas comes naturally; to others, it’s hard work. This course is designed to
    develop and improve communication skills. Areas of emphasis include expressing thoughts and messages
    clearly in various settings and situations, analyzing the communication, feelings, and behavior of others,
    developing self-confidence and poise in communicating with others, and understanding both verbal and
    non-verbal messages.
         Throughout the course, students will participate in a variety of activities and discussions, observe and
    analyze communication, research and interview, write reactions and observations, and share several
    speeches.

0222 ADVANCED COMPOSITION (Lang.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
      1             9 Weeks          Successful Completion                  1/2          1.2           12
                      of 0215, 0214, or 0216 with teacher recommendation
   Course Description:
         Geared for college-bound seniors, this course "hones" writing techniques by focusing on the
    mechanics of writing rather than creativity. The composing process is used as a means of allowing
    students to discover, develop, and present their ideas in correct, effective prose. This course presents the
    skills and information needed to analyze different writing situations, so that students can respond to the
    intellectual demands which will be presented to them in future college courses.



                                                      33
         Emphasis will be placed first on the multi-paragraph essay and will progress to the organization,
    development, and writing of a research paper on a topic of the student's choice. Students will be expected
    to learn to use the MLA Handbook during the research period of the course.

    Course Requirements:
        Literature motivated essays of comparison/contrast, description, character, humor and/or exposition.
    Students will be required to compose and deliver a graduation speech as well. The culminating activity is
    a research paper.

0226 SURVEY OF BRITISH LITERATURE (Lit.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT         GRADE
      1             9 Weeks           Successful Completion               1/2           1.2          11-12
                          of Honors/Lv. 1 10th and/or 11th Grade English
    Course Description:
         Survey of British Literature begins with the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf and continues chronologically
    to include the work of ―the father of English literature,‖ Geoffrey Chaucer. The Old and Middle English
    periods mark the beginning of a glorious stream of writing. This course for the college-bound student will
    emphasize how history has influenced language and literature. The resurgence of interest in the novels of
    Jane Austen will be explored, as well as the thematic parallels between the British literature of centuries
    ago and 21st century cultural values.

    Course Requirements:
        (1) readings and selection tests from Elements of Literature; (2) two novels; (3) writing, note taking
    and class discussion; (4) group presentations.

0228 SHAKESPEARE (Lit.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
      1             9 Weeks           Successful completion               1/2           1.2          12
                          of 0215, 0214 or 0216 with teacher recommendation
    Course Description:
         This course is especially essential for college bound students, but has been designed for anyone who
    would like to become familiar with England's greatest writer and the world's most famous playwright.
         The course is designed to offer a general approach to the background and writings of William
    Shakespeare. Its main purpose is to help students gain an understanding and appreciation of the man and
    his works. Emphasis will be placed on the timelessness of Shakespeare's psychological approach to
    characters, their behavior, and their conflicts.

    Course Requirements:
         General course requirements include reading and discussion. Grading is based upon quiz and test
    results, various writing assignments, including a short research project, memorization of significant
    passages, and individual and group presentations.

0230 CLASSICAL LITERATURE AND MODERN MAN (Lit.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
      1             9 Weeks           Successful completion              1/2             1.2         11-12
                         of Honors/Lv. 1 10th and/or 11th Grade English
    Course Description:
         Designed for the college bound senior, this class emphasizes the classical literary foundations of
    Western culture, focusing on our heritage from the Greek and Roman civilizations. This course, through
    the use of archetypes, examines the continuing impact of the classical mythologies on life and literature.
        General course requirements include the reading and discussion of various selections from the
    textbooks, independent supplementary readings, Till We Have Faces and The Odyssey. Grading is based
    upon quiz and test results, various writing assignments, and individual and group presentations.
                                                     34
0232 BUSINESS COMMUNICATION (Lang.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre       9 Weeks       Computer Course                             1/2           1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        Emphasis will be placed on improving one's written and verbal communication abilities. There will
    be exposure to current methods of office technology needed for various forms of communicating. Correct
    formatting of business correspondence will be covered, as well as a review of grammar, punctuation, and
    proofreading skills.

0233 CREATIVE WRITING (Lang.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE               CREDIT       WEIGHT       GRADE
      1             9 Weeks           Successful Completion              1/2           1.2         11-12
                                              th         th
                          of Honors/Lv. 1 10 and/or 11 Grade English
    Course Description:
        Love to write? Been meaning to write that novel but just never had the time? Have a scrapbook full
    of writings you want to refine? Then this is the course for you! Learn to keep a Writing Portfolio. Find
    out how today's successful writers made it to the Best Sellers List! Work with classmates on dramatic
    scripts to present to your peers. Enter Writing Contest! Get published!

    General Course Requirements: A true love of writing.

0234 CREATIVE WRITING (Lang.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE               CREDIT         WEIGHT         GRADE
      2             9 Weeks             Successful completion             1/2            1.0          11-12
                                        of English 10 and/or 11
    Course Description:
         This course is designed for students who enjoy writing stories, poems, and plays. It will help students
    to learn techniques for unleashing the power of imagination and for improving skills in thinking and self-
    expression. Although creative writing activities will be assigned to sharpen writing skills, students will
    often be expected to develop and work on their own ideas and writing projects. Mini-lessons will focus
    on basic principles of clear, lively writing. Punctuation, grammar, and spelling skills will be dealt with as
    needed on an individual basis.

    General Course Requirements:
        Original short stories, dramas, poetry, essays, and other forms of written expression are required.
    Participation in classroom criticism, viewing of motivational films, daily writing, and a major project are
    important aspects of the course.

0236 LA LIVE (Lang. & Lit.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE               CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
        2              1 Sem       Pass English 11 (eleven) or 3 years     1             1.0            12
                                      of Learning Support English
     Course Description:
          Language Arts Live is a hands on literature based course which reinforces practical skills necessary in
the real world. Students will be immersed in engaging literature from distinct genres. Reading and writing
skills are reinforced through traditional and non-traditional assessments. This course offers students an
opportunity to tackle issues including the Vietnam Conflict, censorship, and popular culture. Students will
showcase their artistic talents through various projects that accompany the literature. Emphasis will be placed
on all types of communication skills (writing, speaking, thinking, and reading). Students will have weekly
vocabulary units. Grammar mini-units will review critical components necessary for effective writing. All


                                                      35
students will hone their public speaking ability through an informal demonstration speech. This course is not
recommended for the college bound student.

0238 STUDY OF THE SHORT STORY (Lit.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
       2            9 Weeks              Successful completion                1/2           1.0          12
                                         of English 11 (eleven)
   Course Description:
         What is a short story? It is a piece of fiction that creates a single impression and can be read at one
    sitting. Why bother to read the short story - enjoyment and understanding. Fiction inspires us to feel as
    well as to think. The short story is the typical and representative form of this age. Students who choose
    this course will read and analyze some of the great masterpieces of short story writing. All students will
    be required to keep notebooks, write original stories and evaluate stories of classic literature. A
    vocabulary unit is an integral part of this course, and a research project may be required.

0240 JOURNALISM PUBLICATIONS I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
       1           1 semester     75% attendance in 10th and/or            1            1.2          11-12
                                    th
                                 11 during yearbook advisory and
                                       teacher recommendation.
    Course Description:
         Journalism Publications I will allow students to cooperatively brainstorm and develop a yearbook
theme, and begin planning a yearbook ladder in order to creatively chronicle the year as it is experienced by
the entire high school. Techniques studied will include journalistic writing, interviewing, design, and
advertising. All techniques will be used during the creation and publishing of the yearbook. Photographers
and copywriters will be expected to go on assignment to school events, both during and after school hours,
and are responsible for developing photos and/or writing yearbook copy. Students wishing to be on staff
should be aware that outside class time is required and attendance at 75 percent of yearbook meetings during
advisory is also required. **This elective does not replace the required 11th grade English class!!

0242 JOURNALISM PUBLICATIONS II
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH           PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       1 semester  Journalism Publications I                        1             1.2          11-12
                        and teacher recommendation.

    Course Description:
         Journalism Publications II is for junior- and senior-level publication staff members. Students are
required to fill an editor’s position or take a leadership role on the publication staff. They are to develop and
deliver training modules for all staff positions. Students finish planning a yearbook ladder, they complete
various spreads and assignments, copy edit, and complete a portfolio or work. They master and refine their
skills in copywriting, proofing, photography, and layout planning and design. In addition to development of
higher-level writing skills and management procedures, students enhance their knowledge of the laws and
ethics of journalism. Students will learn the importance of successful ad campaigning and financial
management. The culminating project will be the systematic distribution of the final yearbook. Students
wishing to be on staff should be aware that outside class time is required and attendance at 75 percent of
yearbook meetings during advisory is also required. **This elective does not replace the required 11th grade
English class!!




                                                      36
0250 ADVANCED PLACEMENT ENGLISH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
     A.P.            27 weeks               Eleventh-Grade                1.5            1.4          12
                                     Teacher Recommendation Only
   Course Description:
         Advanced Placement English is a rigorous honors seminar designed for highly talented seniors. The
    curriculum features classic works of British, American, and world literature which are especially rich in
    language and thought, including full-length plays and novels, essays and poetry. A required summer
    reading assignment provides the basis for the initial phase of the course. Class activities encourage
    independent thinking and critical analysis through intensive discussion and writing. Formal and
    impromptu writing assignments based on assigned readings are a frequent aspect of student assessment.
    Individual and small group oral presentations are a standard feature of class requirements.
         The AP English course is carefully designed to prepare interested students for the Advanced
    Placement Examinations in English Literature & Composition, and in English Language & Composition.
    Many colleges award college credit and/or advanced placement to students who score well on these tests.
         In order to qualify for this AP English course, students must have an eleventh-grade teacher
    recommendation, and it cannot be overridden by a parent signature.
         The expanded format of AP English now includes the organization, development, and writing of a
    literary research paper using MLA documentation. Students who elect this course will fulfill all senior
    year requirements in English and should no longer take the Advanced Composition course.

    The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
    all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

2670 HUMANITIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITES                  CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors     1 Sem                   Recommendation of an                 1            1.3           12
                                  English or social studies teacher
                                    and an art or music teacher
    Course Description:
        The Humanities is a team taught, interdisciplinary course covering history, culture, music, literature
    and art from the earliest recordings to the present. The course will explore the rise and fall of civilizations
    and how they have influenced one another. As we proceed through the many historical time periods,
    students will develop the inquiry and analytical skills necessary to better understand how literature, music
    and art are reflections of the political, economic and philosophical realities in which they were produced.
        Students who are highly motivated, have excellent skills in English or social studies and have an
    interest in the arts are encouraged to take the course. This course will provide students with skills that
    will enable them to go into the world and be enriched by encounters with art, music and literature.
        This course may be substituted in the senior year for one credit of English, one credit of social studies
    or one-half credit of each.

    Course Requirements:
       Students will be expected to complete a variety of writing assignments. In addition, students will
    complete a project each nine weeks based on their individual strengths and interests.

ESL ACADEMIC ENGLISH 9-12
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.      1 Sem                      Teacher Referral                 1              1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
         This course is intended for ESL students whose abilities exceed basic ESL instruction, but still
    require additional academic support in the areas of reading and writing. A study of essential grammar
                                                      37
    skills, vocabulary and spelling, as well as an extensive review of the writing process, is included in this
    course. Communication skills are developed through presentations and oral reports. An appreciation for
    literature is geared toward students’ individual needs.

ESL BASIC ENGLISH 9-12
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.       1 Sem                     Teacher Referral                1             1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
          The course is intended for basic-intermediate level English as a Second Language Program (ESL)
    students and addresses two components in language acquisition; the acculturation and basic survival skills
    needed by newcomers to the language and the academic support necessary for their continued success in
    the regular content area subjects. The underlying objective of the Basic English program is to provide a
    source of support as the student seeks to adapt to this new culture and academic setting. Emphasis is on
    the survival skills needed for basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS) and vocabulary
    development necessary for content area subjects. English grammar and the writing process will be
    studied. Coursework is highly individualized to the student’s needs.

                                 HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
0310 HEALTH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.   9 weeks                          None                        1/2           1.0          10

    Course Description:
        Health provides an opportunity to study and evaluate current social health problems and needs in our
    society. Emphasis is placed on making the student aware of the major problems in our country, finding
    out why they exist and then how the risk of having these problems can be lessened. Areas of study
    include: systems of the body; physical fitness and wellness; human sexuality; aids and other sexually
    transmitted diseases; common contagious diseases; heart disease; cancer; tobacco, alcohol and drugs.

    General Course Requirements:
         Students are required to demonstrate their knowledge in the areas of study described above through
    written examinations, worksheets, a research paper, class discussions and group projects. A research
    paper will be required for all students. The research paper will be based on a family health history form.

0312 PHYSICAL EDUCATION – 9TH AND 10TH BOYS
0314 PHYSICAL EDUCATION – 9TH AND 10TH GIRLS

    LEVEL      CLASS LENGTH               PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     Unre.        9 weeks                    None                        1/2           1.0          9&10

    Course Description:
       This course will consist of a variety of types of activities including team sports, individual sports and
    physical fitness activities. Emphasis will be placed on physical activity for a lifetime rather than skill
    development. Units will include flag football, soccer, basketball, slimnastics, weight-training and
    conditioning, tennis, speedball, bowling, rhythmics, ball games, volleyball, and fitness testing.

    Course Requirements:
    A standard gym uniform must be worn by all students. It consists of:
        A.      Plain maroon gym shorts – no stripes; no running shorts
        B.      Gray t-shirt – plain, ―Barons‖, or any Manheim Central team/group
        C.      Athletic socks
        D.      Gym shoes/sneakers – no boots of any type
                                                      38
        E.       Sweatpants/sweatshirts only worn ―over‖ the Baron uniform as described in A – D above.

    Field trips will be taken at various times throughout the year. Costs will vary according to the trip.
    Approximate cost will range from $4.00 - $8.00 NOT including bus fee.

0316 PHYSICAL EDUCATION - 11TH AND 12TH BOYS
0318 PHYSICAL EDUCATION - 11TH AND 12TH GIRLS

    LEVEL      CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     Unre.        9 weeks                      None                        1/2           1.0          11&12

    Course Description:
        This program will include a variety of team, individual and lifetime sport activities. The
    course will blend strenuous physical and physical fitness with recreational sport games. Units will include
    tennis, archery, aerobics, self defense, soccer, flag football, basketball, softball, golf, floor hockey, street
    hockey, bowling, weight training and conditioning, rhythmics, ball games, volleyball, and fitness testing.
    Seniors will also have CPR training.

    Course Requirements:
    A standard gym uniform must be worn by all students. It consists of:
        A.      Plain maroon gym shorts – no stripes; no running shorts
        B.      Gray t-shirt – plain, ―Barons‖, or any Manheim Central team/group
        C.      Athletic socks
        D.      Gym shoes/sneakers – no boots of any type
        E.      Sweatpants/sweatshirts only worn ―over‖ the Baron uniform as described in A – D
                        above.

    Field trips will be taken at various times throughout the year. Costs will vary according to the trip.
    Approximate cost will range from $4.00 - $8.00 NOT including bus fee.

0320 PHYS .ED. BY CONTRACT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      Full Year                   Attending CTC                   1/2           1.0           12
                                               Full Day
    Course Description:
        Physical Education By Contract is designed for full day CTC students to fulfill the physical Education
    requirements for graduation. A variety of approved activities done outside the home school and
    completing a weekly contract submitted each week to the home school physical education teacher meets
    the conditions of the contract.

                                            MATHEMATICS COURSES
        To be better prepared for the future, students are required to take four (4) mathematics courses. All
students are encouraged to complete Concepts of Algebra or Algebra I, Informal Geometry or Geometry,
Practical Math III or Algebra II and Practical Math IV or Pre-Calculus. The new SAT includes topics from
Algebra II. All students should have experiences with statistics. Basic probability and statistics concepts are
in Practical Math III, building upon the experiences students had in grades six to eight. In addition to these,
there are other courses that specifically teach statistical methods; please read the course descriptions.

        The minimum sequence for college-intending students is Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II;
however, students are also encouraged to take Pre-Calculus. Advanced Placement courses, such as A.P.
Calculus and A.P. Statistics, are very demanding and are not needed to be accepted into a college. For most
students that have completed Pre-Calculus and do not feel ready for an Advanced Placement course, Statistics
is an excellent choice for additional preparation for college.
                                                       39
         Practical Math III is the PSSA (Pennsylvania State Math Test) preparation course. Most students who
did not earn the level of ―proficiency‖ on the grade 8 test should take this course in their junior year.
Although this does not guarantee a ―proficiency‖ grade on the grade 11 PSSA test, it does give students access
to topics on the test they may not have had in Concepts of Algebra and Geometry. In the future, this course
might be required for all juniors who did not achieve the proficiency level on the grade 8 PSSA.

        Eighth grade students that used the Gateways math textbook should take Algebra I in 9th grade.

         Some courses list information about the graphics calculators. "Graphics calculators used" means that
they are not required, but are occasionally used to develop patterns or higher concepts. "Graphics calculators
required" means just that; they are used on a very regular basis to develop and extend ideas of mathematics.
The high school has some of these calculators, and they are available in classrooms. Students are encouraged
to have their own graphics calculators. All students are required to have their own scientific calculator. On
some tests, graphic calculators may not be used since their use would nullify what is to be tested--the student’s
ability to do the problem. In these cases, regular calculators might be permitted by the teacher.

          Any student not following the prerequisites for a course is required to have a parent permission slip on
file in the Guidance Office. This paper indicates that a parent is aware of the difficulties their child could
have with the course by not having the background the Mathematics Department feels is necessary to be
successful in the course. Parental permission, along with a teacher recommendation, is needed for admission
into Advanced Placement courses. Please see page 4 of this booklet.

0412 CONCEPTS OF ALGEBRA**
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                   PREREQUISITE               CREDIT        WEIGHT             GRADE
     2             1 Sem                     None                      1            1.0              9 & 10
    ** Students that have successfully completed Algebra I may not take this course

    Course Description:
        The purpose of this course is to give students experiences with the ideas and mechanics of algebra.
    Topics include representing real-world situations using variables and graphs, graph sense, and solving
    problems using these representations. Traditional topics of Algebra I will be explored in an informal way
    using visual methods, where possible. Students will be introduced to the uses of the graphics calculators.

    General Course Requirements:
        Frequent homework, tests, and quizzes. A midterm and final exam will be given. A scientific
    calculator is required.

0408 ALGEBRA I (9th Grade)
        Eighth grade students that used the Gateways textbook should take Algebra I in ninth grade.
0409 ALGEBRA I (10th - 12th Grade)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
      1             1 Sem                  ―B‖ in previous                 1             1.2          9-12
                                             math course &
                                        teacher recommendation
   Course Description:
        This course has the primary objective of developing in the student a knowledge of algebraic principles
   and techniques. It is designed for those students who, at the senior high level, express a need or desire for
   an introductory academic algebra course. Some important topics are: operations and properties of real
   numbers, solving equations and inequalities, graphing linear functions, exponents, polynomials, factoring,
   and radicals.



                                                      40
    General Course Requirements:
         Frequent homework, quizzes, and tests. A midterm and final exam will be given. A scientific
    calculator is required.

0416 ALGEBRA II (9th Grade)
0415 ALGEBRA II (10th - 12th Grade)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT       WEIGHT       GRADE
       1             1 Sem                  "C" or higher in               1            1.2         9 -12
                                         Algebra I or Geometry
                                      & teacher recommendation
   Course Description:
         This course is designed to review and improve proficiency in the basic methods of elementary algebra
    and to become familiar with many advanced principals. Some other important topics are: systems of
    linear equations, operations on and factoring of polynomials, rational expressions, exponents, radicals,
    and the solving of and applications of quadratic equations.

    General Course Requirements:
        Daily homework assignments, quizzes, and test. A midterm and final exam will be given. Scientific
    calculators are required and graphics calculators are used.

0417 HONORS ALGEBRA II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors     1 Sem                       "B" or better in              1             1.3           9
                                         Algebra I & teacher
                                           recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course is designed for mathematically-talented students. Topics will be presented in more depth
    and at a faster pace than the regular Algebra II course. Course content includes linear and quadratic
    equations, relations and functions, graphing techniques, systems of equations, rational expressions,
    functions and complex numbers. The graphics calculator will be used regularly to extend topics into
    representations that are not easily solved using traditional algebraic methods.

    General Course Requirements:
        Daily homework assignments, tests, and quizzes. A midterm and final exam will be given. A
    graphics calculator is used and a scientific calculator required.

0418 INFORMAL GEOMETRY**
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     2        1 Sem                      Concepts of Algebra            1             1.0          10-12
                                             or Algebra I

     ** Students that successfully complete Geometry may not take Informal Geometry.

    Course Description:
        The informal approach of this course gives students experiences with many aspects of geometry.
    Characteristics of figures and practical applications of their uses are examined, often from a visual and
    hands-on perspective. Similarity and proportional figures such as those found in scale drawings, area,
    perimeter, volume, surface area, special triangles, spatial sense about 3-D figures, and coordinate systems
    are among the course's topics. Content matches goals of the SAT test, but the course is not designed to
    replace the formal geometry course.




                                                     41
    General Course Requirements:
        Homework assignments are counted heavily in determining the grade a student receives. A midterm
    and final exam will be given. A scientific calculator is recommended.

0410 GEOMETRY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     1        1 Sem                        "C" or higher in             1              1.2         10-12
                                           Alg I or Alg II &
                                         teacher recommendation
     Course Description:
        This course is intended for those preparing for college. It provides the first look at a
    complete structure of a mathematical system. Some of the important topics covered are: congruence of
    geometric figures, parallels and perpendiculars in a plane, similarity of figures, logic, right-triangle
    trigonometry, the Pythagorean Theorem and special right triangles, circles, and time permitting, an
    introduction to coordinate geometry. A major emphasis of the course is on the techniques used in
    mathematical proofs. Students following a normal academic sequence beginning Algebra I in grade 8 or 9
    should be taking Geometry in grade 10.

    General Course Requirements:
       Frequent homework, quizzes, and tests. A midterm and final exam will be given.

0411 HONORS GEOMETRY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors     1 Sem                        "B" or higher in             1              1.3          10
                                          Honors Alg. II or
                                      teacher recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course is designed for mathematically-talented students. Topics will be presented in more depth
    and at a faster pace than the regular Geometry course. Course content includes those of the regular
    Geometry course with additional related topics and with an emphasis on the deductive logic of geometric
    proofs in two- and three-demensions. Students may be required to do a short independent research paper.

    General Course Requirements:
       Daily homework assignments, quizzes, and tests. A midterm and final exam will be given.

0428 PRACTICAL MATH III
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     2         1 Sem                     Informal Geometry              1              1.0         11-12

    Course Description:
         This course, primarily for juniors as a third course, is designed to build on and expand the ideas and
    skills learned in Concepts of Algebra and Informal Geometry.
         Students will learn additional skills and applications of probability and algebra needed to understand
    and solve problems. Concepts and real-world situations requiring the use of trigonometry will also be
    presented in a manner that can be solved with a scientific calculator. Graphics calculators, supplied in the
    classroom by the school, will help students visualize periodic situations and solve more complicated
    algebra and trigonometry problems by eliminating cumbersome calculations.

        The course contains skills and concepts needed to understand applications of mathematics in some
    technical and skilled-labor jobs.




                                                     42
           Practical Math III is the PSSA (Pennsylvania State Math Test) preparation course. Most students who
      did not earn the level of ―proficiency‖ on the grade 8 test should take this course in their junior year.
      Although this does not guarantee a ―proficiency‖ grade on the grade 11 PSSA test, it does give students
      access to topics on the test they may not have had in Concepts of Algebra and Geometry. In the future,
      this course might be required for all juniors who did not achieve the proficiency level on the grade 8
      PSSA.

      General Course Requirements:
          Frequent homework and quizzes, tests and a midterm and final exam. A scientific calculator is
      required.

    0438 APPLIED MATHEMATICS
      LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
          2           1 Sem                   Geometry or                 1              1.0        11-12
                                           Informal Geometry
      Course Description:
           This course will focus on the basic skills necessary to apply the concepts of mathematics to real life
      situations and in a variety of trade areas such as auto mechanics, carpentry, plumbing, welding, masonry,
      metal working and drafting. Among the topics to be emphasized are arithmetic skills, graph interpretation,
      scale drawings and blueprints, and elementary trigonometry. Guest speakers and on-site field trips will be
      utilized to enhance the practical and real life application of the skills learned.

0454 PRE-CALCULUS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
     1        1 Sem                      Geometry & Algebra II            1             1.2         11-12
                                             "B" or higher &
                                        teacher recommendation
     Course Description:
         The major part of this course is the study of functions, including applications of trigonometry.
     Analysis develops the foundations required to use mathematics in a variety of sciences and in real-world
     applications at a deeper level of understanding, allowing students access to new methods of solving
     complicated problems. Graphics calculators are employed to model situations, and patterns are visually
     examined through its use.

      General Course Requirements:
          Outside homework assignments, periodic quizzes and tests. Graphics calculators are required. A
      midterm and final exam will be given.

0452 HONORS PRE-CALCULUS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE               CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors             1 Sem            "B" or higher in Honors            1           1.3          11-12
                                    Geometry or Honors Algebra II
                                      & teacher recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course is designed for mathematically-talented students. Topics will be presented in more depth
    and at a faster pace than the regular Analysis and Trigonometry course. Building on previously learned
    functions, the topics include applications of trigonometric and exponential mathematics in a variety of
    sciences and real-world situations, allowing students access to new methods of solving complicated
    problems. Graphics calculators are employed to model situations, and patterns are visually examined
    through their use.




                                                       43
    General Course Requirements:
        Daily homework assignments, tests, and quizzes. A final exam will be given. A graphics calculator is
    required.

0430 STATISTICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
      1         1 Sem                    ―C‖ or higher in Alg II          1              1.3           12
                                       or teacher recommendation

    Course Description:
        This course is for college-bound students that want to improve their understanding of applications of
    mathematics but do not wish to take the Advanced Placement Statistics course. The course consists of the
    study of probability and statistics concepts followed by the uses of data to model a variety of real-world
    situations through scatter diagrams. Topics from Algebra II and Analysis will be extended and students
    will model these new situations through the use of regression methods on the graphics calculator.
        This course is recommended for all college-bound students not taking Advanced Placement Statistics
    or a Calculus course.

    General Course Requirements:
        Other requirements are frequent homework assignments, tests, an out-of-school project, and midterm
    and final exams. Graphics calculators are required

0424 ADVANCED PLACEMENT STATISTICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH      PREREQUISITE                                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
    AP        1 Sem            see **                                     1              1.4          11-12

    ** 10th grade: B or higher in Algebra II and must have teacher recommendation.
    ** 11th grade: B or higher in Analysis and must have teacher recommendation.

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to show the importance of statistics in our everyday lives. The emphasis of
    the course is on the concepts necessary to understand descriptive statistics and statistical inference. Near
    the end of the course, the students will be expected to do their own statistical study, using what they have
    learned. The course would be beneficial to anyone interested in medicine, biological research, economics,
    sociology, psychology, ecological research, or reading the daily newspaper. This course is not intended to
    replace the academic mathematics courses for the Junior or Senior year. Students who anticipate taking
    Statistical Methods and Math Modeling in their senior year should not take this course. Calculators will
    be used to aid in performing computations. A Texas Instrument 83 calculator is required.

    General Course Requirements:
       Daily homework assignments, an out-of-school project, frequent test, and a final exam.

    The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
    all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test. Practice sessions will be held sometime
    during the spring semester.

0436 PRACTICAL MATH IV
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2         1 Sem                       Practical Math III             1              1.0          11-12
                                           or Business Math
    Course Description:
        Primarily designed as a final course for seniors, the first part emphasizes the uses of statistics in
    business and industry. Topics include probability theory, normal curve distribution analysis, control
                                                       44
    charts as used in local industry, optimizing revenue, scatter diagrams and lines of best fit for data, and
    interpretation of all of these. The focus of the second part includes consumer topics, statistics,
    employment related mathematics, banking including strategies for installment purchases and methods of
    payment, tax-sheltered saving and investment strategies, and a study of insurances. Some time will be
    used during the banking unit to study general growth and decay models such as population growth and
    radioactive decay through the use of graphics calculators. In all areas, emphasis is placed on common
    sense reasoning though analyzing all of the given information. A review of fundamental operations and
    their uses is blended throughout the course in the context of new learning.
        The course contains skills and concepts needed to understand applications of mathematics in some
    technical and skilled-labor jobs. If you had Statistical Methods, you may not take this course.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students are required to have a folder or notebook. Graphics calculators will be used at various times;
    these will be distributed during class time. Students will be tested on the use of graphics calculators to
    solve statistics, installments, and investment problems. They are required to have their own scientific
    calculator for class. Homework assignments, notebooks, quizzes and tests will be used for grades; a
    midterm exam on statistics and a final exam will be given.

0426 BUSINESS MATHEMATICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 Sem                      Recommended "C"                1              1.0          11-12
                                           or higher in 10th
                                              grade Math
    Course Description:
        This course reviews the use of fundamental skills in business, and gives instruction in
    financial records and reports (payroll procedures, business records and cash procedures, business and
    financial reports, presenting business data), mathematics of money and banking (computing interest,
    borrowing and lending money), mathematics of distribution buying, pricing, selling and shippings,
    mathematics of investments (distributing income from investments, stock purchases and sales, bond
    purchases and sales), and the mathematics of personal finance (insurance, taxes, automobile ownership,
    and other business transactions). This course is designed for students interested in a future career in
    business.

    General Course Requirements:
               Frequent homework, quizzes and tests. A final exam will be given.

0434 CALCULUS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors    1 Sem                       a "B" grade or higher           1              1.3           12
                                        in Pre-Calculus & Teacher
                                           Recommendation

    Course Description:
         This course is specifically designed for seniors that know they will need calculus for their major in
    college but do not feel ready to take the Advanced Placement Calculus Test for college credit. The course
    content is typical of college courses such as differentiation and integration, and their applications in rates
    of change, optimization, physics and business, and work problems. The focus will be on the development
    of the type of thinking and skills necessary to understand and solve problems of a more dynamic nature
    than students have seen in the past.
         Students that may change their mind about taking the Advanced Placement Calculus Test will not be
    prepared for the test by taking this course. Students that have taken the Advanced Placement Calculus
    course may not take this course. Students that take this course as a non senior may not take Advanced
    Placement Calculus for credit.
                                                      45
    General Requirements:
         Periodic quizzes and tests, a midterm and final exam, daily homework. Graphics calculators are
    required. Symbolic manipulator calculators such as the Texas Instrument 89 or 92 will not be permitted
    for tests.

0450 ADVANCED PLACEMENT CALCULUS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE               CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     AP               1 Sem                  "B" or higher in              1             1.4          12
                                           Pre-Calculus and Teacher
                                           Recommendation Only
    Course Description:
         This course is specifically designed for the mathematically-talented student who knows that calculus
    will be a part of their college studies. The course contains the concepts of a typical freshman college
    calculus course such as rates of change, optimization, physics and business applications, hydrostatic
    pressure and work problems. The course is very fast-paced and demanding. Students must do a
    considerable amount of work outside the classroom.

    General Course Requirements:
         Periodic tests, midterm and final examination; daily homework. Graphics calculators are required just
    as they are for the Advance Placement Test. This includes the Texas Instrument 89 but not the 92
    calculators.
         The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and
    requires all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test. Practice sessions will be held
    sometime during the spring semester.

COLLEGE ALGEBRA/PRE-CALCULUS
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITES                               CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors     1 Sem          SEE BELOW                                                                11-12

    PREREQUISITES: Geometry and Algebra II ―B‖ or higher; teacher recommendation; achieve
    acceptable score on HACC’s placement exam (i.e., the College Boards’s ACCUCPlacer) or receive a
    score of 550 or higher on the mathematics portion of the SAT (55 or higher on the PSAT is also
    satisfactory)

    Course Description:
        College Algebra/Precalculus is a College in the High School (CHS) course offered in cooperation
    with Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC). Not only will this course cover the curriculum
    specified for PreCalculus, but it will also satisfy the additional requirements necessary to earn credit for
    College Algebra (Math 103) through HACC. Many universities will allow students to transfer these
    credits into their specific program. (For a complete list, see the Guidance Department at MCHS or visit
    HACC’s website at www.hacc.edu.)

        Topics include: fundamental algebraic operations, exponents and radicals, systems of equations,
    higher degree equations, logarithms, matrices, inequalities, and trigonometric functions. A graphing
    calculator is required and will be used regularly as a tool to discover new concepts and skills as well as to
    model various situations.

        Based on the availability of state funding and possible endowments from other sources, a fee may be
    required for this course.




                                                      46
        General course requirements: Requirements include regular homework assignments, quizzes and tests
    (the weighting of these assessments will also be determined in cooperation with HACC). A graphing
    calculator is required.

                                           SCIENCE COURSES
0505 HONORS EARTH SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors     1 Sem                      Current enrollment             1             1.3        9
                                           Alg I or Alg II
    Course Description:
        Honors Earth Science is designed for not only the high-ability and high-achieving student, but also
    those with an interest in science as a possible career choice. Students in honors earth science should have
    proficient math and writing skills, a good work ethic, and be able to work independently as well as in a
    group. Emphasis is placed on the use of math, earth science vocabulary, and on the understanding and
    application of relationships among the earth sciences.
        Earth Science consists of the study of four sciences: astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and
    geology. Physical science concepts of mass, density, gravity and energy are reviewed throughout the
    course as needed to explain earth science concepts. Astronomy includes a study of our solar system, stars,
    galaxies, and the universe. Meteorology is the study of the weather occurring in our atmosphere.
    Oceanography is the study of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the world's oceans.
    Geology is a study of the solid earth including earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics. This course
    emphasizes student problem solving of questions designed to encourage students to collect information
    and make conclusions about earth science topics.

    General Requirements:
        The results from lab investigations, class work, homework assignments, quizzes, tests, research
    projects and a final exam will be used to determine the student's grade.

0506 EARTH SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
     1         1 Sem                    None**(see below)               1             1.2          9

    Course Description:
        Level 1 Earth Science is designed for those students who anticipate continuing their education beyond
    high school or are in the top 50% of their class academically. Students in Level I Earth Science should
    have good math and writing skills, a desire to learn, and be able to work independently as well as in a
    group. Emphasis is placed on some math skills, earth science vocabulary, and on the understanding and
    application of relationships among the earth sciences.
        Earth Science consists of the study of four sciences: astronomy, meteorology, oceanography and
    geology. Physical science concepts of mass, density, gravity and energy are reviewed throughout the
    course as needed to explain earth science concepts. Astronomy includes a study of our solar system, stars,
    galaxies, and the universe. Meteorology is the study of the weather occurring in our atmosphere.
    Oceanography is the study of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the world's oceans.
    Geology is a study of the solid earth including earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics. This course
    emphasizes student problem solving of questions designed to encourage students to collect information
    and make conclusions about earth science topics.

    General Requirements:
        The results from lab investigations, class work, homework assignments, quizzes, tests, research
    projects and a final exam will be used to determine the student's grade.

        **Students in grade nine may take Biology I as an elective in addition to the required Earth
    Science course. However, taking two science courses in 9th grade is only recommended for students
                                                     47
    who are planning to take AP or advanced science courses in their junior and senior year. Students
    who completed two sciences in 9th grade will still have to take a science their junior year.

0508 EARTH SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     2         1 Sem                          None                      1             1.0           9

    Course Description:
        Level II Earth Science is designed for those students who do not anticipate continuing their education
    beyond high school and who are not in the top 50% of their class academically. Students in Level 2 Earth
    Science should have average math and writing skills, a desire to learn, and be able to work independently
    as well as in a group. A basic set of earth science vocabulary words, the use of arithmetic to solve
    problems, and an understanding of obvious relationships among the earth sciences is stressed during the
    year.
        Earth Science consists of the study of four sciences: astronomy, meteorology, oceanography and
    geology. Physical science concepts of mass, density, gravity and energy are reviewed throughout the
    course as needed to explain earth science concepts. Astronomy includes a study of our solar system, stars,
    galaxies, and the universe. Meteorology is the study of the weather occurring in our atmosphere.
    Oceanography is the study of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the world's oceans.
    Geology is a study of the solid earth including earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics. This course
    emphasizes student problem solving of questions designed to encourage students to collect information
    and make conclusions about earth science topics.

    General Requirements:
        The results from lab investigations, class work, homework assignments, quizzes, tests, research
    projects and a final exam will be used to determine the student's grade.

0509 ECOLOGICAL STUDIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     2        1 Sem                          None                       1             1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
         This course is designed for students who are interested in environmental issues and activities and
    would like to take a project-based science course. The course topics will be taught through hands-on
    activities and understanding will be assessed through the completion of group and individual projects.
    Four major themes for the course are biomes of the world, energy use, water/soil resources, and either
    insect or wildflower collection and identification, depending on the semester the course is taken. In the
    biomes unit and the energy uses, effects of human population on the environment will be stressed. The
    unit on flowers/insects will emphasize methods of classification and proper collection and mounting
    techniques. The water/soil unit will involve testing methods and proper data collection and publication.
    Grades will be determined by results of tests, quizzes, lab investigations, outside assignments, and
    projects.

0511 HONORS BIOLOGY I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors      1 Sem                          0505                      1             1.3          9*,10

    Course Description:
        Honors Biology is designed for those students who have a desire to continue a college or career
    interest in the biological field. Honors Biology is a prerequisite for AP Biology.
        Biology is a laboratory and investigative course. The student will be using the scientific method and
    observational skills to explore the structure and concepts of; cell physiology, cell structure, taxonomy
    (zoology and botany), interaction among living organisms and their environment, heredity, anatomy
                                                     48
    (zoology and botany) and bio-organic molecular structures and functions. Knowledge gained from these
    topic areas will go beyond mastery of vocabulary and will require the student to apply learned skills, form
    complex conceptual understandings, and propose solutions and conclusions to lab exercises. Students will
    be challenged in Honors Biology beyond the demands and content of a level 1 Biology course.

    General Requirements:
       Grades will be determined by outside class projects and assignments, research, test, quizzes,
    homework, labs and a final exam.

    * Students in grade nine may take Biology I as an elective in addition to the required Earth Science
    course.

0510 BIOLOGY I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     1         1 Sem                    None**(see below)               1              1.2         9 -10

    Course Description:
        Biology is a laboratory and natural science oriented course. The student will use the scientific method
    to explore the structure, elementary physiology, classification and interactions of common organisms.
    The basic themes of diversity, continuity, and interactions will be studied. This knowledge will be
    integrated into a larger appreciation of the fragility of our environment, and the interconnectedness of all
    forms of life. Students will be responsible for college vocabulary, and the solving of complex laboratory
    problems. Outside readings, and the consideration of environmental problems are also part of this course.

    General Requirements:
        Grades will be determined by results of lab investigations, outside readings and projects, tests and
    quizzes.

        **Students in grade nine may take Biology I as an elective in addition to the required Earth
    Science course. However, taking two science courses in 9th grade is only recommended for students
    who are planning to take AP or advanced science courses in their junior and senior year. Students
    who completed two sciences in 9th grade will still have to take a science their junior year.

0512 BIOLOGY I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     2         1 Sem                          None                      1              1.0          10

    Course Description:
         Biology is laboratory and field investigation oriented. The student will become proficient in the use
    of the scientific and research methods to understand the structure, function, classification and
    interconnectedness of earth's life forms. The units involve: the function of science, attributes of living
    things, inheritance, and the commonly shared attributes of life. These units will be integrated into the
    overall theme of the importance and fragility of the environment.

    General Requirements:
        Grades will be determined by results of lab investigations, tests, quizzes, homework, and outside
    projects assigned by the teacher or selected by the students.




                                                     49
0513 BIOLOGY II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors        1 Sem                      "B" or higher in             1            1.3           10-12
                                          0510 or 0511 and
                                              Chem I
Course Description:
        This course is designed for all college bound students planning a career in the biological sciences or
related fields. Students enrolled in Biology II should expect to be challenged and enriched beyond Biology I.
Biology II takes a more in depth approach to studying selected topics covered in Biology I such as
biochemistry and heredity. Emphasis will be placed on advanced anatomy and physiology through dissection
(cat dissection). Students will have the opportunity to gain specialized laboratory skills by performing
advanced laboratory exercises. A college level textbook is used.

General Requirements:
       Grades will be determined through the assessment of the following; homework, quizzes, tests including
laboratory practicals, laboratory performance, laboratory reports, research, varied class projects, and a final
exam. There is a $20.00 laboratory fee for this course.

0515 ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT         GRADE
    A.P.            27 weeks               "B" or higher in              1.5           1.4          11-12
                                         Honors Biology I and
                                         Level 1 Chemistry **
                                       Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
        AP Biology is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory biology course taken by biology
    majors during their freshman year. After achieving the necessary score on the AP exam most students, as
    college freshman, are permitted to undertake upper-level courses in biology or to enroll in a course in
    which freshman biology is a prerequisite. Two main goals of AP Biology are to help students develop a
    conceptual framework for modern biology and to help students gain an appreciation of science as a
    process. The course will consist of the following areas and the percentages of content covered are:
    molecules and cells 25%, heredity and evolution 25%, organisms and populations 50%.
        In addition, twelve extensive AP labs will be conducted as information from these labs comprises one
    fourth of the essay portion of the AP exam. The AP class will help prepare those students who are
    motivated and willing to devote time outside the classroom to prepare for the AP exam. The textbook
    used is the one used by many colleges as their freshman biology textbook and is recommended by the AP
    board. Students will be challenged beyond the expectations of a high school level course.

    General Requirements:
       Grades will be determined by test, quizzes, outside assignments, lab reports and a final exam.
       There will be an AP lab fee of $30.00 for this course.

    The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
    all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

0517 HONORS CHEMISTRY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors      1 Sem                         B in Algebra II             1             1.3          10-11*
                                            and enrolled or
                                           completed Geom.
    Course Description:
                                                     50
         The Honors Chemistry course is recommended for students considering a science, medical, or
engineering career that have a strong mathematical background. Honors Chemistry provides the
scientifically oriented student with laboratory experiences and problems, which are solved using abstract
thinking and previously learned mathematical and scientific principles. This course includes the
following topics: matter, atomic theory and structure, nomenclature, bonding, stoichiometry, solutions,
oxidation-reduction, thermochemistry, and the gas laws. A college level textbook is used. This course
will provide the Honors Chemistry student with the opportunity to develop a solid foundation of the basic
topics in chemistry taught at an advanced level. This course is a prerequisite for Chemistry II or AP
Chemistry. A scientific calculator is required for this course.

* Qualified students in 10th grade may take Honors Chemistry as an elective in addition to the
required Biology I or Honors Biology course.

0514 CHEMISTRY I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     1        1 Sem                        "C" in Algebra I             1              1.2         10-11*

    Course Description:
        This course is designed for students considering post high school education. Students will study
theoretical topics, which will require abstract thinking and the application of mathematics, including
algebra and dimensional analysis. Students will be expected to perform laboratory experiments, analyze
observed data, draw conclusions and write up results. Some of the topics in the Chemistry I course
include: study of matter, energy, atomic theory and structure, periodic table and trends, bonding, chemical
nomenclature, chemical equations, stoichiometry and the gas laws. This course will provide the Chemistry I
student with a framework to understand the basic concepts in chemistry. If the student anticipates that
they will need to take chemistry in college, the Chemistry II course is recommended to provide a more
complete chemistry background. This course is a prerequisite for Chemistry II. A scientific calculator is
required for this course.

 * Qualified students in 10th grade may take Chemistry I as an elective in addition to the required Biology I
course.

0516 PHYSICAL SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
     2         1 Sem                          None                      1              1.0         11-12

    Course Description:
        This course will combine the major concepts of chemistry and physics using a hands-on approach.
    Students will conduct experimental work in small groups, and emphasis will be placed on the practical
    application of the concepts addressed. The topics covered will include the structure of matter, chemical
    reactions, mixtures and solutions, motion, energy and force. This course will stress problem-solving and
    scientific reasoning through both class work and projects. A basic understanding of math is helpful in this
    course.

0518 HONORS PHYSICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
    Honors    1 Sem                       Passing grade in              1              1.3         11*-12
                                      Trigonometry or enrolled
                                          in Trigonometry
    Course Description:
         This course is designed for the student who is interested in an in-depth understanding of the basic
    topics in physics. It is designed for the student who is college bound, and more specifically, for the
                                                     51
    student who plans to pursue a science program after high school. The main units covered are mechanics
    (the study of motion and energy), electricity and atomic physics.

    General Course Requirements:
        A basic understanding of algebra, geometry and trigonometry is important for success in this course.
       *Students in grade eleven may take Honors Physics.

0520 PHYSICS
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT      WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       1 Sem                        Recommend C or                  1           1.2          11*-12
                                         higher in Algebra II
    Course Description:
         Physics is designed for the student who is interested in basic background in physics. The course is
    less demanding than 0518 HONORS PHYSICS. The units covered include mechanics (the study of
    motion and energy), fluid dynamics (pressure, density and Archimedes' principle) and basic electric
    circuits.

    General Course Requirements:
        A basic understanding of algebra is important in this course.

    *Students in grade eleven may take Physics as an elective.

0524 CHEMISTRY II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT      WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors     1 sem                       B in Chemistry I                1           1.3          11-12
                                        or C in Honors Chem
Prerequisite Note:
        This course should not be taken as a replacement for a physics course. If taken in the senior year, a
physics course should be taken concurrently or successfully completed prior to this course.

Course Description:
         This course is designed for all qualified students planning for a career in the science, medical or
engineering fields. However, students who successfully complete Honors Chemistry may elect to take AP
Chemistry rather than Chemistry II. A solid foundation in the following Chemistry I topics are necessary for
success in Chemistry II: knowledge of ions, nomenclature of inorganic compounds, stoichiometry and
bonding. Chemistry II will revisit inorganic compounds, stoichiometry and bonding through a more in-depth
study. In addition new topics discussed in Chemistry II will include solutions, chemical kinetics, equilibrium,
acids and bases, electrochemistry, organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry. A scientific calculator and a $20
lab fee are required for this course.

0525 ADVANCED PLACEMENT CHEMISTRY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE               CREDIT         WEIGHT         GRADE
    A.P.            27 weeks       B in Honors Chem ** or Chem II        1.5            1.4           11-12
                                       Teacher Recommendation
    Prerequisite Note:
         This course should not be a replacement for a physics course as a science elective. If this course is
    taken in the senior year, a physics course should be taken concurrently or successfully completed prior to
    this course.

    Course Description:
        The course will include similar content as Chemistry II with more advanced study in some areas and
    additional experiments required of the AP course. AP Chemistry is designed for the student who will be
    matriculating in a chemistry related curriculum in college, such as, engineering, pre-med, chemistry,
                                                     52
    physics or environmental science. Other students who are not entering a scientific area in college may
    enroll in AP Chemistry with the intention of obtaining an adequate score on the AP Examination to
    receive college credit in chemistry. Colleges recommend that the students who will be required to take
    numerous chemistry courses in college should NOT opt to eliminate enrollment in the college freshman
    chemistry course, even if an acceptable score is achieved by the student on the AP Examination. These
    students should be electing this course for the purpose of being thoroughly prepared for the AP test and
    college level chemistry courses.

        A programmable calculator and a $30 lab fee are required for the AP Chemistry course.

    The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and
    requires all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

0530 ADVANCED TOPICS IN BIOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors    9 weeks           Enrollment in                              .5            1.3          11-12
            (4th term)          A.P. Biology

    Lab Fee: Due to the individual nature of this course, students will be responsible for costs (if any)
    for additional supplies needed based on their research topic.

    Course Description:
         The Advanced Topics in Biology course will allow students to investigate their own chosen topic in
    biology and prepare for the AP biology exam. Students will choose a topic, propose a hypothesis and
    carry out necessary research to support their conclusions. A final presentation on their topic will be given
    to the class. In addition, students will complete lab activities designed to stimulate interest in various
    topics in biology and prepare them for the AP exam.

        Exam preparation will consist of: review, outlines, labs, quizzes, practice tests, and online tutorials.

0532 ADVANCED TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors     9 weeks          Enrollment in                              .5            1.3          11,12
             (4th term)       A.P. Chemistry
    Cost: Will be determined by each student’s choice of project
    Course Description:
        The Advanced Topics in Chemistry course will allow students to investigate their own chosen topic in
    chemistry. Students will choose a topic in chemistry to investigate or research, propose a hypothesis and
    carry out the necessary research and/or experiments to answer their hypothesis. Also, the course will be
    designed for those students who will take the AP Chemistry Exam to have class time to prepare for the
    exam. This exam preparation will be part of their independent grade and their individual project will not
    have the scope or length as the students who will not be taking the AP Chemistry Exam. Students are
    expected to produce a research paper and/or lab report, and every student will give a presentation to the
    class (similar to seminar courses in college). The end report/research paper and presentation will be major
    components in determining the student grade. The textbook used in this course will be the same text as in
    AP Chemistry. Due to the individual nature of the course, students will be responsible for any cost for
    additional supplies for their project that are not available in the classroom.




                                                      53
                               HISTORY AND SOCIAL STUDIES COURSES
0605 HONORS 20th CENTURY AMERICAN HISTORY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT          WEIGHT       GRADE
   Honors             1 sem                 "B" or higher in                1             1.3           9
                                            8th Gr. Lv1 Hist.
    Course Description:
         20th Century American History begins with a traditional look at American History. The course begins
    with the Age of Imperialism, and continues with the Age of Reform, World War I, the social history of the
    roaring twenties, the depression years of the thirties, World War II, and finally, the postwar years of 1946
    through the present.
         The enriched history class will emphasize an in depth analysis of people, places, and events that
    brought about major changes in this century. Students will be involved in essay writing, critiques, as well
    as other creative projects designed to encourage synthesis of course materials. Supplemental materials
    and research will be used for students to further investigate major topics. Testing will primarily be in the
    form of essay exams. This course will also include additional outside projects and assignments to enhance
    the learning experience.

0606 20th CENTURY AMERICAN HISTORY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1          1 sem              none                                  1              1.2           9

    Course Description:
        20th Century American History begins with a traditional look at American History. The course begins
    with the Age of Imperialism, and continues with the Age of Reform, World War I, the social history of the
    roaring twenties, the depression years of the thirties, World War II, and finally, the postwar years of 1946
    through the present.
        Students in level I classes will be exposed to the major units listed above. Class evaluation will be
    based on a variety of short projects, a research paper, as well as test and quiz scores. Tests and quizzes
    will be composed of a combination of objective, short answer and essay questions.

0608 20th CENTURY AMERICAN HISTORY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2          1 sem              none                                  1              1.0           9

     Course Description:
         20th Century American History begins with a traditional look at American History. The course
    begins with the Age of Imperialism, and continues with the Age of Reform, World War I, the social
    history of the roaring twenties, the depression years of the thirties, World War II, and finally, the postwar
    years of 1946 through the present.
         Level II American history is designed to give students a broad understanding of important events
    during the last century. Less emphasis will be placed on in depth analysis and synthesis of course
    material. The course will be taught from the textbook and class materials that are suited for students with
    lower reading abilities. Research papers and class projects will be of shorter duration. Test will be
    presented in an objective format instead of placing an emphasis on skills. A special emphasis will be
    placed on helping students to develop organization and study skills.




                                                      54
0613 HONORS GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors             1 sem                   "B" or higher                 1            1.3           10
                                             in 0605 or 0606
    Course Description:
        The course is designed to introduce you to many of the "emerging nations" of the world. The
    Middle East, Africa, Latin America (Central and South America, plus the Caribbean islands), Asia, and
    Australia will be studied in terms of their geography, history, governments, cultures and economies.
    Recent, current and potential influences of these regions on the United States and the rest of the world will
    be debated and discussed. Specific countries will be emphasized as examples of the degree of
    development these areas are attaining in their quest to be productive members of the world's community of
    nations.
        Students in this class should possess a strong interest in Social Studies and be highly motivated to
    produce quality projects, such as videos, role playing simulations, etc. Students will be provided with a
    wealth of opportunities to research topics and areas of special interest. Students will be expected to work
    independently and in groups on a variety of projects. Students will have the freedom to research and
    create topics, with the teacher often functioning as a mentor or facilitator.

0614 GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1         1 sem                          none                       1             1.2           10

    Course Description:
        The course is designed to introduce you to many of the "emerging nations" of the world. The
    Middle East, Africa, Latin America (Central and South America, plus the Caribbean islands), Asia, and
    Australia will be studied in terms of their geography, history, governments, cultures and economies.
    Recent, current and potential influences of these regions on the United States and the rest of the world will
    be debated and discussed. Specific countries will be emphasized as examples of the degree of
    development these areas are attaining in their quest to be productive members of the world's community of
    nations.
        Students will be involved in creative individual and group projects. Students will devote considerable
    class time to designing and researching topics culminating in a variety of activities, using the library and
    other sources.

0615 GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     2         1 sem                          none                       1             1.0           10

    Course Description:
        The course is designed to introduce you to many of the "emerging nations" of the world. The
    Middle East, Africa, Latin America (Central and South America, plus the Caribbean islands), Asia
    Australia will be studied in terms of their geography, history, governments, cultures and economies.
    Recent, current and potential influences of these regions on the United States and the rest of the world will
    be debated and discussed. Specific countries will be emphasized as examples of the degree of
    development these areas are attaining in their quest to be productive members of the world's community of
    nations.
        Students will work in a structured environment completing a variety of in-class activities. Students
    will also perform research utilizing various library resources.




                                                      55
0617 HONORS ECONOMICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors     9 weeks                       "B" or higher in             1/2            1.3           11
                                             0610 or 0611
    Course Description:
        This course will follow the basic guidelines established under the Junior Achievement Program, but
    provide a much more in-depth exploration of economic theory and principles. Student assessment will be
    far more complex and require students to use prior knowledge and relevant skills to solve significant real
    or authentic problems. Performance tests will require the application of problem-solving skills rather than
    simple recall. For example, instead of using multiple choice tests to assess knowledge of the stock
    market, students will be asked through short answer and essay to place themselves in the role of an
    investor and to write a first person account of recent stock trading. Students assessments will also be
    conducted through analysis of their portfolios, or a collection of student work over a period of time. Items
    to be included in this portfolio will be an advertising campaign, the creation and interpretation of their
    own $100.00 bill, the creation of an investment manual, and the maintenance and analysis of a stock
    portfolio.

0618 BASIC ECONOMICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1        9 weeks                          none                      1/2            1.2           11

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to give students an understanding of both macro and micro concepts.
    Working with Junior Achievement consultants and community business leaders, students are exposed to
    concepts such as: labor, production, marketing, finance, business management and the complexities of the
    Free Enterprise System. Students will also examine national and international economic trends and their
    affects on the economy in general. Level I students will be required to complete a number of small in
    class simulations, as well as a short research project and presentation. Supplemental reading will also be
    required and testing will focus on essay evaluations.

0620 BASIC ECONOMICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2        9 weeks                          none                      1/2            1.0           11

    Course Description:
        This is a survey course designed to give students a general understanding of the following topics:
    labor, production, marketing, finance, business management and the complexities of the Free Enterprise
    System. Evaluation of the students will be based less on project and written work, and more on objective
    quizzes and test. However, a degree of written work will be required. Supplemental reading material will
    be provided and set at an appropriate classroom level.

0623 HONORS AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                       PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT         GRADE
   Honors           9 weeks                  "B" or higher in              1/2            1.3           11
                                              0610 or 0611
    Course Description:
         This course in American government is based on the premise that in a democracy it is essential for all
    citizens to understand the nature of the American political system. The course deals with governmental
    organizations, powers, and the workings of the government as an integrated whole. The emphasis of the
    course is on the student as a participating citizen. Students are introduced to the origins and theories that
    led to checks and balances among the three branches. Students will analyze how the executive,
                                                      56
       legislative, and judicial branches operate. As citizens in a democracy, all students will be encouraged to
       become active in the political process by analyzing political parties and elections. Also, national, state,
       and local government current events issues will be discussed.
           Students will be participating in interdisciplinary projects involving computers, videos, and role
       playing simulations. Students will be expected to research topics of special interest. The course will
       require extensive, in depth reading and written essay assignments.

0622 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                         PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       9 weeks                              none                      1/2            1.2           11

       Course Description:
           This course in American government is based on the premise that in a democracy it is essential for all
       citizens to understand the nature of the political system. The course deals with governmental
       organizations, powers, and the workings of the government as an integrated whole. The emphasis of the
       course is on the student as a participating citizen. Students are introduced to the origins and theories that
       led to balances and know the executive, legislative, and judicial branches operate. As citizens in a
       democracy, all students will be encouraged to become active in the political process by analyzing political
       parties and elections. Also, national, state and local government current events issues will be discussed.
            Students will be analyzing text readings, expanding their vocabulary, interpreting political cartoons,
       doing research, summarizing news articles, giving oral presentations, working in groups, and debating
       issues to better understand how government affects them as citizens.

0624 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                         PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2       9 weeks                              none                      1/2            1.0           11

       Course Description:
            This course in American government is based on the premise that in a democracy it is essential for all
       citizens to understand the nature of the political system. The course deals with governmental
       organizations, powers, and the workings of the government as an integrated whole. The emphasis of the
       course is on the student as a participating citizen. Students are introduced to the origins and theories that
       led to balances and know the executive, legislative, and judicial branches operate. As citizens in a
       democracy, all students will be encouraged to become active in the political process by analyzing political
       parties and elections. Also, national, state and local government current events issues will be discussed.
            The class will move at a pace allowing time for clarification and review to reinforce the facts and
       concepts. The reading level of materials will allow all students to find success. The instructional
       environment will provide the necessary structure to direct the student to complete the assigned tasks.

    0650 ADVANCED PLACEMENT AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
      LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
       A.P.             1 Sem                A ―B‖ or higher in                 1            1.4          11,12
                                           Emerging Nations **
                                     Teacher Recommendation Only
      Eleventh grade students may substitute this course for the required 9-week American Government course.
       Course Description:
           Advanced Placement Government is a traditional, college level survey course in American
      Government. The course emphasis is on the study of American political ideology and the evolution of its
      democratic institutions. The students will analyze the political behavior of the American electorate. The
      students will also study the function of its citizens and their involvement in the local, state and national
      structures of the American political system. The students will evaluate the role of the national government
      and its relationship to the concept of liberty in a pluralistic society. The students will discuss the changing
      political culture of American society and its effect on voting patterns, trends and the processes in
                                                         57
    government. The inquire method will be used in discussions. Students will practice developing a well-
    organized writing style, learn to analyze and synthesize social science data to support an intelligent
    argument, develop a more sophisticated understanding of majority-rule democracy, constitutionalism and
    civil liberties, perceive relationships and distinctions in and among the institutions and public policies of
    those who govern.
         Students will be responsible for note-taking on all reading assignments, doing individual and
    collective research assignments, participating in discussions, taking essay examinations, reading pertinent
    political science journals, expressing themselves with clarity and precision, and reading all assignments as
    stated on the syllabus. Students will also be preparing for the Advanced Placement Government Test at
    the end of the semester.

    The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
    all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

0626 MODERN EUROPE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       9 weeks                          none                       1/2            1.2           12

    Course Description:
        Europe from World War I to present will be examined in this course. European problems and issues
    such as the origins, spread and recent collapse of communism will be discussed. The quest for a "Unified
    Europe", military and ethnic concerns and the emergence of autonomous republics from the collapse of
    the Soviet Union, and current issues will be discussed.
        German history and culture will be traced from World War I, the Nazis and the Holocaust, through the
    Cold War Era to the fall of the Berlin Wall and German Reunification. The unit studying the former
    Soviet republics will focus on the rise of communism with Lenin to the break-up of communism under
    Gorbachev. The culture, current developments and future prospects politically, economically and
    militarily will be given special attention.
        Students will be involved in a variety of classroom activities including a trial simulation, role playing,
    and the development of a humanities project. These and many other assignments will involve creative and
    independent thinking skills.

0628 MODERN EUROPE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     2       9 weeks                          none                       1/2            1.0           12

    Course Description:
        Europe from World War I to present will be examined in this course. European problems and issues
    such as the origins, spread and recent collapse of communism will be discussed. The quest for a "Unified
    Europe", military and ethnic concerns and the emergence of autonomous republics from the collapse of
    the Soviet Union, and current issues will be discussed.
        German history and culture will be traced from World War I, the Nazis and the Holocaust, through the
    Cold War Era to the fall of the Berlin Wall and German Reunification. The unit studying the former
    Soviet republics will focus on the rise of communism with Lenin to the break-up of communism under
    Gorbachev. The culture, current developments and future prospects politically, economically and
    militarily will be given special attention.
        Students will work in a structured environment completing a variety of in-class activities. Students
    will also perform research utilizing various library resources and participate in creative, humanities
    projects.




                                                      58
0629 INTRODUCTION OF PSYCHOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       9 weeks             none                                    1/2           1.2           12

     Course Description:
        Behavioral Science introduces students to the three main areas of Psychiatric exploration in an attempt
    to build better understanding of human behavior. Students will be introduced to the role their own brains
    play in influencing their behavior through the use of the internet and various other in-class activities.
    Students will also be exposed to the great psychologists of history ranging from Sigmund Freud and Carl
    Jung to Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner. Through these great thinkers, students will be better able to explore
    their own personalities, while also examining the influence of environment upon their behaviors. To
    conclude the class, students will explore a wide range of abnormal behaviors including Multiple
    Personality and Schizophrenia in an attempt to demonstrate the wide range of problems psychiatrists and
    psychologists must be prepared to deal with.
        Various instructional methods will be used ranging from short lectures and class discussions to role
    plays and in-class activities. Student evaluation will be based upon short answer/essay tests, quizzes,
    group activities, homework, presentations, and a term paper based on one type of abnormal behavior.

0631 ADVANCED PLACEMENT PSYCHOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    AP       18 weeks    Teacher Recommendation                          1             1.4           12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to prepare students to take the AP Psychology Test in order to receive college
    credit and benefit their academic career. It is offered to students interested in going into Psychology or a
    Psychology related field. Due to its accelerated pace and extensive curriculum, the course should only be
    taken by a serious academic student. It is also recommended that students taking this class take a course
    on Statistics and Biology at some time in their high school career.

    General Requirements:
        Students will be required to do extensive reading including journal articles and the class text.
    Students will also be required to read two supplemental books: Walden II and A Primer of Jungian
    Psychology. Students will also be required to write a term paper and deliver an oral presentation.
    Students will be expected to spend time on their own preparing the AP test.

0633 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1       9 weeks             none                                    1/2           1.2           12

    Course Description:
        The world as we know it today was shaped by the events that took place in Europe from Classical
    Greece through the Modern era beginning in 1900. There is no place in the world that has not been
    influenced by these events. Virtually every social studies course you have taken has mentioned the impact
    that Europe has had on that particular part of the world. The purpose of this course is to concentrate on
    the history of Western Europe as a base for understanding the world as we know it today.
        This course will include an investigation of the major historical facts, chronology, and concepts
    that developed during this period of time. The major emphasis of this course will be the analysis of the
    political, economic, philosophical, and social currents and the men who developed them.




                                                     59
0634 AMERICAN LAW AND JUSTICE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                               CREDIT        WEIGHT         GRADE
     2       9 weeks             none                                    1/2            1.0            12

    Course Description:
         American Law and Justice is designed to introduce students to some of the most controversial legal
    issues in today's society. Some topics discussed in class will include the limits upon free speech, the
    effectiveness of gun control, the legitimacy of capital punishment, and the use of the insanity defense.
    Students will briefly explore Constitutional Law before being introduced to Criminal Law. A wide range
    of crimes will be discussed ranging from homicide to various property crimes. The Criminal Justice
    Process will be explored in some detail, as students prepare for and play roles in their own mock trial.
    Finally, a brief examination of the US prison system will analyze the role punishment plays within our
    society.
         Various instructional methods will be used ranging from short lectures to class discussions and role
    plays. Students will also be expected to be able to complete a variety of writing activities ranging from
    article summaries to creative short stories. Student evaluation will be based upon Unit tests and quizzes,
    group activities and presentations, homework, and a current events scrapbook based on the course
    curriculum.

0636 PENNSYLVANIA STUDIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT         GRADE
     2       9 weeks                           none                       1/2           1.0            12

    Course Description:
        The first part of this course will include an in-depth look at the geography of Pennsylvania and the
    introduction to Pennsylvania history with the emphasis being on the Colonial Period in which Lancaster
    played such an important part. The remainder of the course will be devoted to the history, geography, and
    culture of Lancaster County. There will be field trips to the Amish Country, downtown Lancaster, and
    other points of historical interest in the area. Emphasis will be placed on the historical background of our
    own Manheim Central School District.

2670 HUMANITIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT         GRADE
   Honors   1 Semester                  Recommendation of a               1.0           1.3            12
                                   English or social studies teacher
                                       and an art or music teacher
    Course Description:
        The Humanities is a team taught, interdisciplinary course covering history, culture, music, literature
    and art from the earliest recordings to the present. The course will explore the rise and fall of civilizations
    and how they have influenced one another. As we proceed through the many historical time periods,
    students will develop the inquiry and analytical skills necessary to better understand how literature, music
    and art are reflections of the political, economic and philosophical realities in which they were produced.
        Students who are highly motivated, have excellent skills in English or social studies and have an
    interest in the arts are encouraged to take the course. This course will provide students with skills that
    will enable them to go into the world and be enriched by encounters with art, music and literature.
        This course may be substituted in the senior year for one credit of English, one credit of social studies
    or one-half credit of each.

    General Course Requirements:
       Students will be expected to complete a variety of writing assignments. In addition, students will
    complete a project each nine weeks based on their individual strengths and interests.


                                                      60
                                        ART COURSES
0708 LIFE ESSENTIALS ART - Required for graduation
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH           PREREQUISITE                           CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     4 1/2 weeks              none                              1/4           1.0           9

    Course Description:
        Art education serves personal development by providing students with opportunities to acquire and
    develop their artistic growth. Through the use of a variety of media and the study of art history, students
    will become more perceptive in their artistic training.
        Life Essential Art is a prerequisite to other art electives where the fundamentals are taught. It is a
    studio course that emphasizes the principles and elements of design. Attention will also be given to
    subject, theme, function, production, medium and style. This course emphasizes personal development
    and self-expression.

0724 DRAWING AND PAINTING I                                                       Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT      WEIGHT      GRADE
   Unre.     9 weeks        Passing grade in LEGS                        1/2          1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
         This course provides an introduction to a variety of techniques, styles, and media in two-dimensional
    art. Work will be done from actual objects, still life, models and reference photographs. The course will
    emphasize basic drawing and painting skills, while recognizing the importance of imagination and self-
    expression. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be repeated.


0725 DRAWING AND PAINTING II                                                      Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                            CREDIT      WEIGHT      GRADE
     1       9 weeks         Passing grade or higher                     1/2          1.2        10-12

    Course Description:
         This course will emphasize individual exploration of techniques styles, and media in two-dimensional
    art. Work will continue to be done from actual objects, still life, models and reference photographs, while
    stressing the importance of imagination and self-expression. A studio fee will be charged. This course
    may not be repeated.

0727 DRAWING AND PAINTING III                                                     Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                            CREDIT      WEIGHT      GRADE
     1       9 weeks    D/P II – Passing grade or higher                 1/2          1.2        10-12

    Course Description:
       This course will strongly emphasize individual exploration of techniques styles, and media in two-
    dimensional art. You will focus on and begin to establish your artistic style. Work will continue to be
    done from actual objects, still like, models and reference photographs, while stressing the importance of
    imagination and self-expression. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be repeated.

0728 DRAWING AND PAINTING IV                                                     Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors          9 weeks               D/P III – B or higher          1/2            1.3        10-12
                                        and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
        This in-depth course is a rigorous studio exploration in Drawing and Painting for the SERIOUS art
    student. A strong emphasis will be placed on personal style development and individual artistic growth.
                                                     61
    Work produced in this class will be focused on portfolio development. A studio fee will be charged. This
    course may not be repeated.

0729 DRAWING AND PAINTING V                                                       Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT       WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors            9 weeks               D/P IV – B or higher            1/2           1.3        10-12
                                         and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
         This in-depth course is an intense and rigorous studio exploration in Drawing and Painting for the
    SERIOUS art student that is planning to attend an art-focused school or planning a career in the visual
    arts. There will be a strong focus on personal style development and individual artistic growth. Work
    produced in this class will be based on portfolio development. A studio fee will be charged. This course
    may not be repeated.

0733 VISUAL COMMUNICATIONS I                                                      Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks     Passing Grade in LEGS                         1/2           1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to introduce students to a studio-based experience focused on the rapidly
    changing world of visual communications. Through lecture, art production, and critiques, students will
    work towards successfully combining a visual image and words to convey a message. Students will be
    encouraged to explore a variety of techniques, styles, and media used in commercial art, graphic design,
    and illustration. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be repeated.

0734 VISUAL COMMUNICATIONS II                                                     Course Fee: $25.00
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1            9 weeks                   Vis.Comm. I                  1/2           1.2          10-12
                                       Passing grade or higher
   Course Description:
       This course is designed for the serious graphic design student interested in continuing their visual
   communications experience. A strong emphasis will be placed on using the computer as an artistic tool
   for communicating ideas. Students will continue to explore the incorporation of creativity and self-
   expression in commercial art, graphic design, and illustration. A studio fee will be charged. This course
   may not be repeated.

0735 VISUAL COMMUNICATIONS III                                                    Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT                  WEIGHT      GRADE
     1        9 weeks Vis.Comm. II – Passing grade or higher 1/2                      1.2        10-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed for the SERIOUS graphic design student interested in continuing their visual
    communications experience. A strong emphasis will be placed on using the computer as an artistic tool
    for communicating ideas. You will focus on and begin to establish your artistic style. Students will
    continue to explore the incorporation of creativity and self-expression in commercial art, graphic design,
    and illustration. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be repeated.

0736 VISUAL COMMUNICATIONS IV                                                     Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                           CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
   Honors         9 weeks Vis.Comm. III – B or higher                   1/2           1.3        10-12
                            and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:


                                                     62
        This intense course is designed for the SERIOUS visual communications student who is pursuing a
    future in graphic design or computer art. A strong emphasis will be placed on individualized portfolio
    development. Through teacher/student conferences, students will be able to direct their experience
    towards developing their artistic needs.

0737 VISUAL COMMUNICATIONS V                                                      Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors           9 weeks          Vis.Comm. IV – B or higher          1/2            1.3         10-12
                                         and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
        This intense course is designed for the SERIOUS visual communications student who is pursuing a
    future in graphic design or computer art. That includes students that are planning to attend an art-focused
    school or planning a career in the visual arts. An emphasis will be placed on individualized portfolio
    development. Through teacher/student conferences, students will be able to direct their experience
    towards developing their artistic needs.

0738 SCULPTURE I                                                                   Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks                    Passing grade in LEGS            1/2           1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        This course is based on intensive studio work and is primarily for the student who enjoys working in
    three-dimensional shape and form. This course provides an introduction to a variety of techniques, styles,
    and media in three-dimensional art. Sculpture I emphasizes experimentation in basic sculptural form,
    while recognizing the importance of imagination and self-expression. A studio fee will be charged. This
    course may not be repeated.

0739 SCULPTURE II                                                                 Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
      1            9 weeks       3D Studio – Passing grade or higher 1/2               1.2         10-12
                                        or Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
        This course is based on intensive personalized studio work and is for the student who finds success
    working in three-dimensional shape and form. This course provides a variety of techniques, styles, and
    media in three-dimensional art. There is intensive individual exploration through sculptural form.
    Imagination and self-expression are the key elements in this course. A studio fee will be charged. This
    course may not be repeated.

0740 SCULPTURE III                                                                 Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                CREDIT                   WEIGHT      GRADE
     1       9 weeks  Sculpt. II – Passing grade or higher   1/2                       1.2        10-12

    Course Description:
        This course is based on intensive personalized studio work and is for the student who wants to
    develop their visual repertoire by working in three-dimensional shape and form. This course provides a
    variety of techniques, styles, and media in three-dimensional art. You will also find a stylistic approach to
    your sculpture. There is intensive individual exploration through sculptural form. Imagination and self-
    expression are the key elements in this course. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be
    repeated.




                                                      63
0741 SCULPTURE IV                                                                  Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
   Honors    9 weeks                   Sculpt. III – B or higher         1/2           1.3        10-12
                                        and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
        This course is based on extremely rigorous and intensive personalized studio work and is for the
    SERIOUS art student who finds success working in three-dimensional shape and form. There is intensive
    individual exploration through sculptural form. A strong emphasis will be placed on personal style
    development and individual artistic growth. Imagination and self-expression are the key elements in this
    course. Work produced in this class will be focused on portfolio development. A studio fee will be
    charged. This course may not be repeated.

0742 SCULPTURE V                                                                   Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
   Honors    9 weeks                   Sculpt. IV – B or higher          1/2           1.3        10-12
                                        and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
         This course is based on extremely rigorous and intensive personalized studio work and is for the
    SERIOUS art student that is planning to attend an art-focused school or planning a career in the visual
    arts. There is intensive individual exploration through sculptural form. A strong emphasis will be placed
    on personal style development and individual artistic growth. Imagination and self-expression are the key
    elements in this course. Work produced in this class will be focused on portfolio development. A studio
    fee will be charged. This course may not be repeated.

0748 CERAMICS I                                                                    Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                CREDIT                   WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks Sculpture I – Passing grade or higher 1/2                        1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed for those students who have successfully completed Sculpture I and want to
    refine their skills in working with clay. Students will create projects that include techniques such as hand
    building, sculpting, and throwing on the wheel. The course will contain projects made in functional and
    non-functional forms. Pottery I emphasizes experimentation in basic form, while recognizing the
    importance of imagination and self-expression. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be
    repeated.

0749 CERAMICS II                                                                   Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
     1        9 weeks                  Ceramics I or Pottery I –         1/2           1.2        10-12
                                       Passing grade or higher
    Course Description:
         This course is based on intensive personalized studio work and is for the student who finds success
    working with clay shape and form. Students will create projects that include techniques such as hand
    building, sculpting, and throwing on the wheel. This course will contain projects made in functional and
    non-functional forms. There is intensive individual exploration in clay as a medium. Imagination and
    self-expression are the key elements in this course. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be
    repeated.




                                                     64
0750 CERAMICS III                                                                   Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
     1        9 weeks                  Ceramics II or Pottery II –        1/2           1.2        10-12
                                        Passing grade or higher
    Course Description:
        This course is based on intensive personalized studio work and is for the SERIOUS student who finds
    success working with clay and wants to develop their visual repertoire. Students will create projects that
    include techniques such as hand building, sculpting, and throwing on the wheel. The course will contain
    projects made in functional and non-functional forms. There is intensive individual exploration in clay as
    a medium as well as developing personal and stylistic approach to your work. Imagination and self-
    expression are the key elements in this course. A studio fee will be charged. This course may not be
    repeated.

0751 CERAMICS IV                                                                    Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE             CREDIT            WEIGHT      GRADE
   Honors     9 weeks                Ceramics III or Pottery III –   1/2                1.3        10-12
                                  B or higher and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
        This course is based on extremely rigorous and intensive personalized studio work and is for the
    SERIOUS art student who finds success working in three-dimensional shape and form through clay.
    Students will create projects that include techniques such as hand building, sculpting, and throwing on the
    wheel. The course will contain projects made in functional and non-functional forms. There is intensive
    individual exploration through clay as a medium. A strong emphasis will be placed on personal style
    development and individual artistic growth. Imagination and self-expression are the key elements in this
    course. Work produced in this class will be focused on portfolio development. A studio fee will be
    charged. This course may not be repeated.

0752 CERAMICS V                                                                     Course Fee: $25.00
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE             CREDIT            WEIGHT      GRADE
   Honors     9 weeks                Ceramics IV or Pottery IV –     1/2                1.3        10-12
                                  B or higher and Teacher Approval
    Course Description:
         This course is based on extremely rigorous and intensive personalized studio work and is for the
    SERIOUS art student that is planning to attend an art-focused school or planning a career in the visual
    arts. Students will create projects that include techniques such as hand building, sculpting, and throwing
    on the wheel. The course will contain projects made in functional and non-functional forms. There is
    intensive individual exploration through clay as a medium. A strong emphasis will be placed on personal
    style development and individual artistic growth. Imagination and self-expression are the key elements in
    this course. Work produced in this class will be focused on portfolio development. A studio fee will be
    charged. This course may not be repeated.

2670 HUMANITIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors     1 Sem                    Recommendation of an               1.0            1.3           12
                                   English or social studies teacher
                                     and an art or music teacher
    Course Description:
        The Humanities is a team taught, interdisciplinary course covering history, culture, music, literature
    and art from the earliest recordings to the present. The course will explore the rise and fall of civilizations
    and how they have influenced one another. As we proceed through the many historical time periods,
    students will develop the inquiry and analytical skills necessary to better understand how literature, music
    and art are reflections of the political, economic and philosophical realities in which they were produced.


                                                      65
        Students who are highly motivated, have excellent skills in English or social studies and have an
    interest in the arts are encouraged to take the course. This course will provide students with skills that
    will enable them to go into the world and be enriched by encounters with art, music and literature.
        This course may be substituted in the senior year for one credit of English, one credit of social studies
    or one-half credit of each.

    General Course Requirements:
       Students will be expected to complete a variety of writing assignments. In addition, students will
    complete a project each nine weeks based on their individual strengths and interests.


                                          BUSINESS EDUCATION
                                  CERTIFICATES OF ACHIEVEMENT
   Certificates of Achievement in the areas of Office Technology, Accounting and Marketing will be
presented to those students meeting the requirements for each area of certification listed below. A "C"
average must be received in all courses to be eligible.

                                    Office Technology Certificate
                                    Microsoft Word Processing
                                    Microsoft Document Processing
                                    Business Communications
                                    Complete at least one of the following:
                                         Business Math, Accounting I, Speed Writing/Notemaking for
                                         College/Career

Accounting Certificate                                Marketing Certificate
Accounting I and II                                   Small Business Mgt. / Entrepreneurship
Business Communications                               Business Communications
Microsoft Word Processing or                          Microsoft Word Processing or
 Microsoft Document Processing                        Microsoft Document Processing
                                                      Business Math


                             BUSINESS EDUCATION COURSES
0802 CAREERS (10th grade Life Essentials Group - required for graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH              PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT                WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.   4 1/2 weeks                   None                    .25                   1.0          10

        This course will explore the multiple purposes of work and the range of career options,        including
    entrepreneurship, and relate them to the student’s individual interest, aptitudes, skills and values. Students
    will be encouraged to look more closely at themselves and how changes in society, technology,
    government and economy affect their careers and require them to continue learning. Students will also be
    given instruction on how to seek, obtain and maintain entry-level positions.

0806 BASIC BUSINESS APPLICATIONS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                            CREDIT         WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.       1 sem              none                                  1              1.0          9

    Course Description:
         This course is designed to develop basic business skills needed for success in business as well as
one’s personal life. Units covered are banking, business forms, filing, communication skills, computer
applications, employment, recordkeeping, basic business math, forms of business ownership, and speed
writing.
                                                      66
0810 KEYBOARDING (Available to students who have not taken Basic Business Appl.)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH           PREREQUISITE               CREDIT       WEIGHT                     GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks                   none                  1/2           1.0                      10-12

    Course Description:
        This is a basic course designed to acquaint the student with proper keyboarding techniques and
    introduce him/her to a computer word processing program.

0812 MICROSOFT WORD PROCESSING
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks     Knowledge of Keyboard                          1/2           1.0          10-12

     Course Description:
         This course is designed to help students create, modify, and print out information in the forms of
    letters, memos, and reports using the IBM computer software package known as Microsoft XP --
    Microsoft Word. Correct keyboarding techniques to develop accuracy and speed will be stressed in
    addition to building competency in keyboarding various tasks found in a business office.

0818 SMALL BUSINESS MGT./ENTREPRENEURSHIP
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.       1 sem              none                                   1             1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
       This course is designed to acquaint the student with an understanding of how to create and manage a
    small business. Topics covered will include the planning, managing, bookkeeping, and legal aspects of a
    small business. Simulations will be included in the course.

0820 ACCOUNTING I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     1 sem                           none                       1             1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
        This course helps you develop an understanding of the basic accounting principles. Units covered are
    the basic accounting cycle, the accounting cycle of a merchandising business, accounting for a payroll
    system, special procedures, and accounting for other forms of business organizations.

0822 ACCOUNTING II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.      1 sem                         Accounting I                 1             1.2          11-12

    Course Description:
       This advanced course helps you develop an understanding of the accounting principles used in
    managerial and financial accounting.

0824 SPEED WRITING & NOTEMAKING FOR COLLEGE/CAREER
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE      CREDIT                                WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks            none            1/2                                   1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
        SPEED WRITING & NOTEMAKING is a writing system designed to give the college bound and
    prospective business student the ability to make notes from dictation. It supplies a fast and legible writing
    system that can be learned quickly by students. Based primarily on longhand and secondarily on
                                                      67
    phonetics, it is an easy-to-learn method of writing that is extremely easy to read, even if notes are not later
    typed.

0826 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks                          None                       1/2            1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course will provide the foundation for studying international business and the many aspects of
    conducting business in the global economy. Students will develop the appreciation, knowledge, skills and
    abilities needed to live and work in a global marketplace.

0830 MICROSOFT DOCUMENT PROCESSING
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.      9 weeks            none                                     1/2            1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to introduce the students to the IBM computer software electronic data base
    program, Microsoft Access; the electronic worksheet program, Excel; and Microsoft Powerpoint.

        BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS - SEE PAGE 35
        BUSINESS MATHEMATICS - SEE PAGE 45

0838 CAREER DEVELOPMENT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
   Unre.      1 sem                            none                       1              1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
         This course will refine concepts and skills related to self awareness, career research, workplace
    expectations and life-long learning which is integrated throughout students’ educational experiences.
         This course is an elective open to any student. However, students who plan to seek on-the-job
    training through the Diversified Occupations Program must schedule this course either prior to or
    concurrent with job placement.

ON THE JOB TRAINING (Diversified Occupations – D.O.)
  LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT      GRADE
   Unre.            1 year                Passing grade in                 4           1.0          12
                                        Career Development
   Course Description:
        The placement of a student in an occupation of his choice for a period of one year. Usually the
   student will be placed in June, work through the summer, and is given release time to work at his training
   station during the senior year.
        The student will be evaluated by his employer and the coordinator on an average of once per marking
   period.

     General Course Requirements:
        Employer rating sheets, job performance, visitations, consultations, students will give progress report
    on job tasks, etc.

    1614 1ST SEMESTER SENIOR YEAR (P.M.) 2 credits
    1616 2ND SEMESTER SENIOR YEAR (P.M.) 2 credits

                                                       68
    1618 1ST SEMESTER SENIOR YEAR (A.M.) 2 credits
    1620 2ND SEMESTER SENIOR YEAR (A.M.) 2 credits


                            COMPUTER SCIENCE
0908 COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY (Required for graduation)
LEVEL   CLASS LENGTH    PREREQUISITE        CREDIT                           WEIGHT         GRADE
 Unre.     9 Weeks          none               ½                               1.0            9

Course Description:
         The Computer Technology course examines ways that computers and technology are being used in
today’s world in both academic and business settings. The course consists of a variety of software applications
in the Windows XP package including Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Desktop Publisher and access to the
internet through Internet Explorer. Students will be working with advanced word processing skills. They will
create and modify spreadsheets including formulas and charts. PowerPoint will be used to create slides to
accompany presentations. The students will use a desktop publishing program to explore publishing options
such as letterhead design options and fliers. The use of peripheral devices will also be explored. Additional
applications or peripherals may be explored. Examination of resources available in the Media Center, use of
search engines, and on-line resources will be explored in conjunction with the Media Specialist.
         Passing the Computer Technology course is part of the Manheim Central graduation requirements.
Students will be graded on a combination of tests, quizzes, class assignments and a culminating project
integrating all of the covered applications with a real-life scenario. Any homework assigned would not
involve using a computer.

0912 Programming 1
LEVEL      CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE CREDIT               WEIGHT            GRADE
 Unre.       9 weeks                     ―B‖ average                 ½               1.0           10-12
                                         Or higher in
                                       Comp. Technology
Course Description:
         The Programming I course introduces students to programming using Microsoft Visual BASIC.net.
For this course, no programming experience is required; however, it is required that this course be
successfully completed for enrollment in HTML & JAVA SCRIPT, C++, or Advanced Placement Computer
Science. Students will work with using variables and constants. They will control their programs with
decision and looping structures. In addition, students will create algorithms using logical operators and
random number generation. The use of Procedures and arrays to create programs will be introduced along with
basic math and business functions. It is the goal of the course to provide students the best possible
introduction to programming using Visual BASIC.net.
General Course Requirements:
         Students will be graded on a combination of tests and assigned computer programs. Any homework
will not involve using a computer.

0914 HTML AND JAVASCRIPT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks                     Programming I                1/2           1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
         HTML and JavaScript Programming will allow students to create Web pages using markup codes
    called HTML (HyperText Markup Language). HTML uses a series of tags that surround text you are
    coding for special treatment. Web sites will include graphic images, sound files, media clips and user
    friendly forms. Students will work with creating tables and lists (numbered and bulleted) and code in
    Hyperlinks to other Web site addresses. Students will also learn to use JavaScript tags to enhance Web

                                                     69
       pages created with HTML. JavaScript gives students many of the capabilities of a programming language
       yet uses the HTML coding format.

       General Course Requirements:
          Some homework assignments will be required but these assignments will not require a computer at
       home. Grades will be determined by Web pages created, tests and quizzes.

0916 C++
   LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH               PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.           9 weeks                  Programming I                1/2           1.0         11-12

       Course Description:
           C++ will provide the student the opportunity to learn problem-solving skills using the computer and
       the C++ computer language. Since the Programming I course is a prerequisite of the C++ course, it is
       assumed that students have a solid programming background. The student will become familiar with
       capabilities and limitations of computers when creating programs. C++ has become the standard
       programming language in corporations and small business around the world. It is required that C++ be
       taken before the Advanced Placement Computer Science course.

       General Course Requirements:
           Some homework assignments on various programs will be required. These assignments will not
       require the use of a computer at home. Grades for this course will be based on a combination of tests and
       assigned computer programs.

    0950 ADVANCED PLACEMENT COMPUTER SCIENCE
      LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT       WEIGHT      GRADE
       A.P.           18 weeks                C++ & Teacher                  1           1.4        11,12
                                              Recommendation
      Course Description:
           The AP Computer Science course will be using the Java programming language, which is an object-
      oriented language that is used for both general-purpose business programs and interactive World Wide
      Web-based Internet programs. The Java language is architecturally neutral, which means that a program
      will run on any platform. The Java programming language is modeled after the C++ programming
      language so it is advised that C++ be taken before enrolling in the Advanced Placement Computer Science
      course.

      The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
      all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

                                        WORLD LANGUAGE COURSES
                                 The National Standards in World Languages are:

                      Communication - Communicate in languages other than English
                      Cultures - Gain knowledge and understanding of other cultures
                    Connections - Connect with other disciplines and acquire information
                   Comparisons - Develop insight into the nature of language and culture
                Communities - Participate in multilingual situations at home and around the world

These standards clearly define the need for today’s students to become effective communicators, keen
observers of global cultures, insightful about themselves and their learning, informed and knowledgeable
across disciplines, and participants in the community and global marketplace.



                                                       70
1010 FRENCH I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1        1 sem                        English Teacher              1             1.2          9-12
                                          Recommendation
    Course Description:
        It is recommended that students who elect this course have good English skills and read at least at
    grade level. A palatable experience is offered to motivated students who desire a taste of the French-
    speaking domain. French I is an introduction to the vast Francophone world of language and culture.
    Vocabulary, conversational dialogues, language patterns, and culture connections are included in course
    work. Use of multi-media resources brings the French atmosphere to the classroom. Access is available to
    Internet activities that correlate with authentic realia and the Francophone world. Listening, speaking,
    reading and writing are approached relative to the communicative mode of current National Standards.

    General Course Requirements:
        Since this is a weighted course, it is taught and geared for students planning to attend college. Proper
    communication is required to demonstrate both oral and written proficiency. Students are required to ask
    and answer questions in French and interact effectively. All areas of the communicative mode (listening,
    speaking, reading, and writing) are assessed. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to
    practice French on a REGULAR BASIS. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students
    are at the center of the learning process to maximize learner outcomes. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1012 FRENCH II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                   PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1         1 sem                  C or higher in French I           1             1.2          10-12
                                    WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         Students who have successfully completed French I are encouraged to pursue National World
    Language Standards. Further mastery of the Standards will be developed through interpersonal,
    interpretive and presentational communication. This course offers an appropriate sequence in culture and
    skills through reading, listening, speaking and writing. Multi-media resources will be utilized within the
    program.

    General Course Requirements:
        A firm foundation and application of French I skills and a B or higher are required. As vocabulary and
    language skills increase, comprehension will improve and students will expand their communicative
    abilities. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning
    process to maximize learner outcomes. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to practice
    French on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this level.

1014 FRENCH III
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                  PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors        1 sem                B or higher in French II           1             1.3          11-12
                                   WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course reflects a continuation of the National Standards pursued in levels I & II with
    concentration on acquiring communicative skills, use of technology, interpersonal skills, and teamwork.
    Varied dialogues, readings, group projects, and compositions stimulate students to look beyond the
    classroom into real life situations. More advanced skills in oral and written expressions, vocabulary, and
    language structure are presented. Audio-visual materials bring the culture and language alive in the
    classroom. Students will study helpful travel phrases, and some French-speaking countries.


                                                     71
    General Course Requirements:
        Students with a good background from French II with a B or higher average may continue the
    exploration of the French language and culture to better prepare them to communicate in today's world.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in French. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice French on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1016 FRENCH IV
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors       1 sem                  B or higher in French III          1             1.3          11-12
                                    WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         French IV continues to develop readiness skills, critical technical creative problem solving with the
    ability to work cooperatively in the world community. This program interrelates culture, grammar, and
    vocabulary in a communicative manner allowing students use authentic French. French IV continues to
    aid in the development of oral and written expression as well as listening and reading comprehension
    skills. New material is introduced and students perfect skills through a program of inter-related stories. A
    French reader may be utilized to combine learning more French language within the culture.
         This course is highly recommended for students who need to develop a command of French for
    college or to enhance careers in the arts, international business or politics, trade, travel, communications,
    and law.

    General Course Requirements:
        A firm foundation from French III with a B average or higher is essential. A gradual transition to
    more highly developed speaking and writing skills through listening and reading will be expected.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in French. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice French on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1018 GERMAN I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1        1 sem                        English Teacher               1             1.2          9-12
                                          Recommendation
    Course Description:
         It is recommended that students who elect this course have good English skills and read at least at
    grade level. A palatable experience is offered to motivated students who desire a taste of the German-
    speaking domain. German I is an introduction to the vast Germanic world of language and culture.
    Vocabulary, conversational dialogues, language patterns, and culture connections are included in course
    work. Use of multi-media resources brings the German atmosphere to the classroom. Access is available
    to Internet activities that correlate with authentic realia and the German world. Listening, speaking,
    reading and writing are approached relative to the communicative mode of current National Standards.
    Various videos capture the cultures of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

    General Course Requirements:
       Since this is a weighted course, it is taught and geared for students planning to attend college. Proper
    communication is required to demonstrate both oral and written proficiency. Students are required to ask
    and answer questions in German and interact effectively. All areas of the communicative mode (listening,
    speaking, reading, and writing) are assessed. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to
    practice German on a REGULAR BASIS. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students


                                                      72
    are at the center of the learning process to maximize learner outcomes. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1020 GERMAN II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1         1 sem                  C or higher in German I            1              1.2          10-12
                                    WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         Students who have successfully completed German I are encouraged to pursue National World
    Language Standards. Further mastery of the Standards will be developed through interpersonal,
    interpretive and presentational communication. This course offers an appropriate sequence in culture and
    skills through reading, listening, speaking and writing. Multi-media resources will be utilized within the
    program.

    General Course Requirements:
        A firm foundation and application of German I skills and a B or higher are required. As vocabulary
    and language skills increase, comprehension will improve and students will expand their communicative
    abilities. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning
    process to maximize learner outcomes. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to practice
    German on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this level.

1022 GERMAN III
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors        1 sem                 B or higher in German II           1              1.3          11-12
                                     WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course reflects a continuation of the National Standards pursued in levels I & II with
    concentration on acquiring communicative skills, use of technology, interpersonal skills, and teamwork.
    Varied dialogues, readings, group projects, and compositions stimulate students to look beyond the
    classroom into real life situations. More advanced skills in oral and written expressions, vocabulary, and
    language structure are presented. Audio-visual materials bring the culture and language alive in the
    classroom. Students will study helpful travel phrases, and German-speaking countries.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students with a good background from German II with a B or higher average may continue the
    exploration of the German language and culture to better prepare them to communicate in today's world.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in German. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice German on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1024 GERMAN IV
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                   PREREQUISITE                   CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
  Honors       1 sem                 B or higher in German III           1              1.3           12
                                    WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         German IV continues to develop readiness skills, critical technical creative problem solving with the
    ability to work cooperatively in the world community. This program interrelates culture, grammar, and
    vocabulary in a communicative manner allowing students use authentic German. German IV continues to
    aid in the development of oral and written expression as well as listening and reading comprehension
    skills. New material is introduced and students perfect skills through a program of inter-related stories. A
    German reader may be utilized to combine learning more German language within the culture.


                                                      73
        This course is highly recommended for students who need to develop a command of German for
    college or to enhance careers in business, trade, travel, medicine, communications, law and engineering.

    General Course Requirements:
        A firm foundation from German III with a B average or higher is essential. A gradual transition to
    more highly developed speaking and writing skills through listening and reading will be expected.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in German. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice German on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1026 SPANISH I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1         1 sem                         English teacher             1              1.2          9-12
                                            Recommendation
    Course Description:
         It is recommended that students who elect this course have good English skills and read at least at
    grade level. A palatable experience is offered to motivated students who desire a taste of the Spanish-
    speaking domain. Spanish I is an introduction to the vast Hispanic world of language and culture.
    Vocabulary, conversational dialogues, language patterns, and culture connections are included in course
    work. Use of multi-media resources brings the Spanish atmosphere to the classroom. Access is available
    to Internet activities that correlate with authentic realia and the Hispanic world. Listening, speaking,
    reading and writing are approached relative to the communicative mode of current National Standards.

    General Course Requirements:
        Since this is a weighted course, it is taught and geared for students planning to attend college. Proper
    communication is required to demonstrate both oral and written proficiency. Students are required to ask
    and answer questions in Spanish and interact effectively. All areas of the communicative mode (listening,
    speaking, reading, and writing) are assessed. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to
    practice Spanish on a REGULAR BASIS. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students
    are at the center of the learning process to maximize learner outcomes. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1028 SPANISH II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
     1          1 sem                 C or higher in Spanish I           1              1.2          10-12
                                     WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         Students who have successfully completed Spanish I are encouraged to pursue National World
    Language Standards. Further mastery of the Standards will be developed through interpersonal,
    interpretive and presentational communication. This course offers an appropriate sequence in culture and
    skills through reading, listening, speaking and writing. Multi-media resources will be utilized within the
    program.

    General Course Requirements:
        A firm foundation and application of Spanish I skills and a B or higher are required. As vocabulary
    and language skills increase, comprehension will improve and students will expand their communicative
    abilities. Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning
    process to maximize learner outcomes. Success in this program is based upon a willingness to practice
    Spanish on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this level.




                                                      74
1030 SPANISH III
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                   PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors        1 sem               B or higher in Spanish II          1             1.3          11-12
                                    WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
        This course reflects a continuation of the National Standards pursued in levels I & II with
    concentration on acquiring communicative skills, use of technology, interpersonal skills, and teamwork.
    Varied dialogues, readings, group projects, and compositions stimulate students to look beyond the
    classroom into real life situations. More advanced skills in oral and written expressions, vocabulary, and
    language structure are presented. Audio-visual materials bring the culture and language alive in the
    classroom. Students will study helpful travel phrases, and some Spanish-speaking countries.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students with a good background from Spanish II with a B or higher average may continue the
    exploration of the Spanish language and culture to better prepare them to communicate in today's world.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in Spanish. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice Spanish on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1032 SPANISH IV
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE            CREDIT             WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors       1 sem                 B or higher in Spanish III   1                  1.3           12
                                     WL Teacher Recommendation
    Course Description:
         Spanish IV continues to develop readiness skills, critical technical creative problem solving with the
    ability to work cooperatively in the world community. This program interrelates culture, grammar, and
    vocabulary in a communicative manner allowing students use authentic Spanish. Spanish IV continues to
    aid in the development of oral and written expression as well as listening and reading comprehension
    skills. New material is introduced and students perfect skills through a program of inter-related stories. A
    Spanish reader may be utilized to combine learning more Spanish language within the culture.
         This course is highly recommended for students who need to develop a command of Spanish for
    college or to enhance careers in business, trade, travel, medicine, communications, law and social work.

    General Course Requirements:
         A firm foundation from Spanish III with a B average or higher is essential. A gradual transition to
    more highly developed speaking and writing skills through listening and reading will be expected.
    Student centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
    maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in Spanish. Success in this program is
    based upon a willingness to practice Spanish on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this
    level.

1034 SPANISH V
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE           CREDIT              WEIGHT        GRADE
   Honors      1 sem                  B or higher in Spanish IV   1                   1.3           12
                                      WL Teacher Recommendation
Course Description:

   Spanish V is a continuation of Spanish IV intensifying the communicative skills. This program combines
culture, grammar, and vocabulary in a communicative manner allowing students to use authentic Spanish.
                                                     75
Spanish V continues to aid in the development of oral and written expression as well as listening and reading
comprehension skills. A Spanish reader may be utilized to combine learning more Spanish language within
the culture. This course is designed for the intensive-block scheduling system so students can maximize their
communicative and grammatical skills in the ongoing journey of achieving fluency.

This course is highly recommended for students who desire to continue developing their communication skills
for college or to enhance careers in business, trade, travel, medicine, communications, law and social work.
Students who desire to study languages in college or take college language entrance exams are highly
recommended to take this course.

General Course Requirements:

   A firm foundation from Spanish IV with a B average or higher is essential. This course is for the highly
motivated student who desires to improve his/her language proficiencies and hone in on his/her strengths.
Student-centered activities and approaches ensure that students are at the center of the learning process to
maximize learner outcomes. Students are required to converse in Spanish. Success in this program is based
upon a willingness to practice Spanish on a REGULAR BASIS. A final exam will be given for this level.

                        FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES
                                REQUIRED COURSES
0804 CONSUMER EDUCATION    (10th grade Life Essentials Course - Required for graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.   4 1/2 weeks             None                    .25           1.0          10

    Course Description:
        This course introduces students to the basic knowledge necessary to develop financial literacy.
    Students will track personal spending and plan a budget. They will compare various options for accruing
    savings, practice the skills of check writing and maintaining a checkbook and a passbook savings account.
    Other topics covered include debit cards, the use of credit, identity theft, and selecting insurance.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students will be required to keep a folder of class work and participate in class activities. They will
    complete a personal financial plan based on the average earnings of a high school graduate. There will be
    required written work and quizzes.

1108 TEXTILE SCIENCE (9th Grade Life Essentials Course               - Required for graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                            CREDIT      WEIGHT       GRADE
   Unre.     4 1/2 weeks              None                               .25           1.0        9

    Course Description:
        This course includes a study of fibers, fabrics and clothing care. It will include sources and
    characteristics of fibers, fabric construction, label information, laundry products, and laundry procedures.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students are required to complete a project that uses fibers and fabrics. Students will be required to
    pay for the materials used in this project (The cost of the project is $7.50). Students will be required to
    participate in class discussions, research and lab work. There will be required written work and quizzes.




                                                      76
1109 NUTRITION           (10th Grade Life Essentials Course - Required for graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE               CREDIT      WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.    4 1/2 weeks             None                   .25          1.0           10

    Course Description:
        This course will focus on the study of the nutritional components of food, My Pyramid, the dietary
    guidelines for Americans and the use of nutrition labeling as an aid to choosing a healthy diet. There will
    be related lab experiences.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students will be required to keep a folder of class work and participate in class activities and labs.
    They will complete a nutrition analysis project. There will be required written work and quizzes, and
    related lab experiences.

1126 FAMILY LIVING Required for graduation
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH           PREREQUISITE                            CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      9 weeks                None                                1/2           1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course covers a variety of topics concerned with the family. Units of study include family
    communications, characteristics of strong families, dealing with family concerns and crises and preparing
    for marriage and parenting skills.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students will be expected to participate in class discussions, complete written assignments, read and
    report on family related topics. Each student will keep a daily journal, complete a family and self-study
    and participate in a parenting simulation. The course includes field trips to both a retirement home and a
    funeral home.

                                   ELECTIVE COURSES
            A FEE IS CHARGED IN FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES COURSES WHICH
                      INCLUDE LABORATORY WORK AND/OR FIELD TRIPS

1114 FOODS I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks                           None                       1/2           1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course covers the study of foods, their selection, preparation, storage and nutritional value. Food
    preparation techniques will be taught through demonstration and student experiences in the food
    laboratory. Units of study include: reading of recipes and learning the vocabulary and equipment used in
    food preparation; eggs; milk and cheese; fruits; cakes and cookies, and quick breads.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students are expected to keep a folder of class materials and assignments. They are expected to
    sample foods prepared in class and to complete a project related to foods and nutrition. A $20.00
    laboratory fee will be assessed to cover part of the cost of the foods prepared in class.




                                                      77
1116 FOODS II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks                         Foods I                     1/2           1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course is a continuation of Foods I. Units of study include: fats and oils; cereals, rice and pasta,
    quick breads and yeast breads, vegetables and meats. Special emphasis is placed on reducing fat in
    recipes and meeting the dietary guidelines. Further experience is gained in food preparation through
    laboratory work.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students are expected to keep a folder of class materials and assignments. They are expected to
    sample the foods prepared in class and to select and complete a food/nutrition project. A laboratory fee of
    $20.00 will be assessed to cover part of the cost of the foods prepared in class.

1122 CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem            None                                      1             1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This course includes the study of children from prenatal development through infants, toddlers,
    preschool and school age children. The process of a child's physical, emotional, and intellectual
    development will be studied. This course will increase self-understanding and assist in developing
    parenting and child care worker skills. It will provide opportunities for high school students to interact
    with preschool children and elementary students.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students will keep a folder containing class notes and assignments. Students will complete
    observations of preschoolers, evaluate children's books and toys, and tutor in an elementary school. The
    culmination of the course will be the planning and implementation of a preschool.

1124 PRE-SCHOOL LABORATORY—A PRACTICUM
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks    1122 Grade of C or higher                        .5            1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
      The Pre-school Lab course will address pre-school development within the operation of a child care
    program. Students will plan activities for children in art, language, dramatic play, social studies, music
    and science and math. Observation skills will be developed and safety and health issues related to child
    care programs will be emphasized.

    General Course Requirements:

1128 FCS TRANSITIONS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem                           None                       1             1.0          11-12

    Course Description:
        This comprehensive hands-on course is designed to provide students with experiences that will benefit
    them now and in their life beyond high school. Included in the clothing portion are units on wardrobe
                                                      78
    planning for a career and making small projects for community agencies. Field trips to learn about
    apartment rental and purchasing furniture are a part of the housing unit. Topics covered in the foods
    portion of the course are different from those in Foods I and Foods II. The emphasis is on meal planning
    and food shopping. Students plan, prepare, and serve a meal to several classmates and an invited guest.
    The course affords students the opportunity to practice school to career skills such as time management,
    use of resources and teamwork.

    General Course Requirements:
       Students will keep a folder of class work and assignments, participate in class discussion and lab
    experiences and complete individual and group projects. A $15.00 laboratory fee will be assessed to
    cover part of the cost of the foods prepared in class.

                                  TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION COURSES
COURSE:                               PREREQUISITE     OPEN TO STUDENTS IN GRADE:
                                                           9     10   11     12
TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS                       None             Yes    No   No     No
1208

COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY                  Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1210                                          1208

ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY *                    ―B‖ in 1210 or by               No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1211          2006-07                      teacher approval

ADVANCED PRINTING *                       ―B‖ in 1210 or by               No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1212           2007-08                     teacher approval

CAD FUNDAMENTALS                          Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1214                                          1208

PRODUCT DESIGN & CAD *                    ―B‖ in 1214 or by               No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1215            2007-08                    teacher approval

ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING *                   Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
& DESIGN 1216 2006-07                         1208

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS                    Passing Grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1220                                          1208

MATERIALS & PRODUCTION                    Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
TECHNOLOGY 1222                               1208

ADVANCED WOODWORKING *                    ―B‖ in 1222 or by               No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1224         2006-07                       teacher approval

CNC MACHINING *                           ―B‖ in 1222 or by               No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1225           2007-08                     teacher approval

ENGINEERING DESIGN                        Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1226                                          1208

VIDEO PRODUCTION I                        Passing grade in                No      Yes      Yes      Yes
1231                                          1208
                                                    79
VIDEO PRODUCTION II                      ―A‖ in 1231 or by               No      No      Yes      Yes
1233                                      teacher approval

VIDEO PRODUCTION III                     ―A‖ in 1233 or by               No      No      Yes      Yes
1235                                      teacher approval

ELECTRICITY/ELECTRONICS                  Passing grade in                No      Yes     Yes      Yes
1240                                         1208

ENERGY SYSTEMS                           Passing grade in                No      Yes     Yes      Yes
1245                                         1208


1208 TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS               (9th Grade Life Essential Group - Required for graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                   PREREQUISITE               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.   4 1/2 weeks                       None                    .25            1.0         9

    Course Description:
        This technology education course helps students learn to understand and successfully use the
    materials, tools and process of technology. During this course, students will study the major systems of
    production, communication, transportation and energy technologies. Hands-on activities will apply
    principles of technology, problem solving, mathematics, science and other subjects. Project emphasis will
    be on tool identification and safety, physical technologies, ergonomic design, accurate measurement and
    graphic communication processes.
        Students will be required to pay a $4.00 lab fee.

1210 COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH      PREREQUISITE                             CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.   18 weeks      Passing grade in 1208                       1             1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
        Communication technologies play a vital role in our world. This course enables students to
    understand and successfully use a wide range of these technologies. 35 mm photography, digital imaging,
    commercial printing processes, computer-based communications, web site development,
    telecommunication technologies and others are included.
        Through cooperative group projects and individual assignments, students will learn about the
    capabilities, limitations and safe use of the equipment and processes of communication technology.
    Success will involve effective planning, decision-making and problem solving.
        Students are required to pay a $20.00 lab fee.

1211 ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY *                                                      (Offered in 2006-2007)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT       WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.          9 weeks                ―B‖ in 1210 or by               .5          1.0         10-12
                                           teacher approval
    Course Description:
        Advanced photography will be valuable for students with an interest in photography. Students will
    explore advanced 35 mm camera techniques, special darkroom procedures including dodging, burning,
    chemical reactions, and filters. Manually controlling the camera to manipulate aperture openings and the
    shutter speeds will be explained. Students will explore digital photography and develop techniques to
    manipulate photographs on the computer. Students will learn photo presentation for various medias.


                                                    80
        Through cooperative and individual assignments, students will learn about camera operation,
    advanced darkroom procedures and advanced software operations. Students will be required to pay a
    $10.00 lab fee. *This course is offered every other year. Refer to the dates above.
1212 ADVANCED PRINTING *                                                                       (Offered in 2007-2008)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                             PREREQUISITE                          CREDIT   WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.           9 weeks                       ―B‖ in 1210 or by                       .5        1.0        10-12
                                                   teacher approval
    Course Description:
        Advanced printing will be valuable for students with an interest in print design and techniques.
    Students will have the opportunity to print photographs and halftone images on a variety of substrates.
    Several printing processes will be taught with emphasis on process and development in creating high
    quality products. Different binding operations will be explored as students create multi-page publications.
        Through cooperative and individual assignments, students will learn about printing processes and final
    bindery steps used to produce high quality products. The use of page layout software and photo
    manipulation software will be taught to enable the students to gain success in this course.
        Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee. Additional cost may be incurred depending on the
    student’s selection of projects.

    *This course is offered every other year. Refer to the dates above.


1213 CAD FUNDAMENTALS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                                  PREREQUISITE            CREDIT    WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks                                  Passing grade in 1208      .5        1.0         10-12

    Course Description:
         CAD Fundamentals is an introductory course in mechanical and architectural drawing. The first half
    of the course will cover topics in sketching, orthographic projection, pictorials and CAD. During the
    second half of the course topics include basic house designs, primary building considerations, and general
    room planning. Students will apply these skills by drawing a ranch style house and making a scaled
    model.
         Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee.

1214 PRODUCT DESIGN & CAD                                                               (Offered in 2007-2008)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                                    PREREQUISITE          CREDIT     WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks                                    ―B‖ in 1214 or by       .5          1.0        10-12
                                                          teacher approval
    Course Description:
         This course would be of value to any student, especially those considering careers in drafting,
    engineering, architecture, design, manufacturing, the building trades, the machine trades, or any technical
    field.
         Virtually everything that is manufactured or constructed in our society requires an accurate set of
    drawings or plans. In this course you will learn the basics of how to produce and read these precision
    drawings. Some assignments will require students to duplicate technical drawings others will involve
    student design and problem solving.
         Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) is a tool that is widely used. CAD uses computer technology to
    produce, revise and store technical drawings. Each student will spend part of the course working with a
    CAD system.
         Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee.

    *This course is offered every other year. Refer to the dates above.




                                                                         81
1216 ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING AND DESIGN                                                  (Offered in 2006-2007)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                      CREDIT     WEIGHT       GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks      Passing grade in 1208                                .5           1.0       10-12

    Course Description:
         Students will learn the techniques used in architecture to design a house and produce scaled,
    dimensioned drawings. Students will also produce a set of Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) plans and a
    three dimensional model of the residence they have designed.
        Topics that will be studied include architectural styles, basic house designs, construction materials and
    techniques, construction costs and financing, room planning, energy conservation, floor plans, exterior
    elevation views, three dimensional models and computer aided drafting (CAD)
        Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee.

        *This course is offered every other year. Refer to the dates above.


1220 TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                      CREDIT     WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks       Passing grade in 1208                                .5         1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        Transportation Systems will include the study of land, water and aviation/aerospace transportation
    technology. Group and individual projects and problem solving activities will involve the design,
    construction and testing of transportation vehicles and systems of the present and future. Students will
    gain experience on a flight simulator and use a wind tunnel for testing aerodynamic efficiency of scaled
    vehicles. Mass transportation systems, alternative fuel vehicles, along with economic and environmental
    impacts of transportation technology will be studied.
        Students will be required to pay a $5.00 lab fee.

1221 MATERIALS AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                      CREDIT     WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.    9 weeks       Passing grade in 1208                                .5         1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        Materials and Production Technology will combine introductory woodworking, metalworking and
    plastics technology. Student activities will emphasize learning through the practical use of tools and
    processes of manufacturing and construction systems. The development of design, planning and problem
    solving skills will be stressed. In addition, students will gain a basic understanding to computer controlled
    machining along with the safe use of tools, machines and finishing processes. Success in this course will
    involve proper utilization of class time, good planning and producing quality projects. Students will be
    taking home three projects from this course.
        Students will be required to pay a $25.00 lab fee.

1224 ADVANCED WOODWORKING *                                                       (Offered in 2006-2007)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     Unre.         18 weeks                ―B‖ in 1222 or by             1             1.0         10-12
                                            teacher approval
Course Description:
        This advanced level course is offered to students who have an interest in exploring woodworking and
    applying CNC machining processes as they work toward the completion of advanced projects. Students
    will design, compute a cost analysis, use tools and machines, develop necessary jigs and fixtures, and

                                                                       82
    apply a quality finish to their project. Additional experiences will be offered in wood bending and
    veneers, dovetailing, engraving with the CNC router and raised panel door construction. Success in this
    course will involve proper utilization of class time, good planning and producing a quality finished
    project. Students taking this course will be able to produce woodworking projects at a fraction of the retail
    cost. Students will be required to pay for the materials they use for their projects and all expenditures will
    require a parent signature before they are started.
        Students will be required to pay for materials used for their projects. Costs will vary due to the size
    and type of materials used.

    *This course is offered every other year. Refer to the dates above.


1224 CNC MACHINING *                                                                    (Offered in 2007-2008)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                                    PREREQUISITE          CREDIT     WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.    18 weeks                                    ―B‖ in 1222 or by       1           1.0        10-12
                                                          teacher approval
    Course Description:
         This course will allow students to explore computer aided drafting (CAD), computer automated
    machining (CAM) and computer numerical controlled machining (CNC) and discover how this
    technology can be applied to materials and processes used in manufacturing and construction. Students
    will have the opportunity to design and create projects using a computer controlled Lathe, Milling
    Machine and Router as well as many other hand and power tools while using materials such as wood,
    metal, plastics and composites.
         Students will design and build smaller introductory projects using this new technology then move into
    a group mass production project. This course will conclude with students completing a final project
    utilizing the CNC technology. Students will gain valuable experience learning how CAD, CAM and CNC
    technology has affected and changed automation in manufacturing. Students with experience in CAD will
    find this course exciting as their drawings and designs will come to life as a real three dimensional
    objects. Students with little or no CAD experience will be amazed at the ease of learning and applying the
    CNC technology. Success in this course will involve proper utilization of class time, good planning and
    producing quality finished projects.
         Students will be required to pay for materials used for their projects. Costs will vary due to the size
    and type of materials used.

1226 ENGINEERING DESIGN
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                                  PREREQUISITE            CREDIT     WEIGHT      GRADE
    Unre.     9 weeks                                 Passing grade in 1208      .5         1.0        10-12

    Course Description:
        Students in this course will design, build, test and evaluate working solutions to real life problems.
    Basic engineering concepts, problem solving methods and design techniques will be studied. Students
    will apply what they learn through the use of materials testing, construction systems activities, product
    analysis, machine design and control systems. This course along with Energy, Power and Control will be
    most valuable to students considering careers in engineering, technical design, manufacturing,
    construction, and related technical fields as well as those with strong mechanical skill interests. Prior
    completion of Materials and Production will be helpful but not required as students will be using power
    tools and equipment to complete hands on projects.
        Students will be required to pay a materials fee for this course.




                                                                         83
1231 VIDEO PRODUCTION I
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      9 weeks                  Passing grade in 1208            .5            1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
        Students in Video Production I will work with a variety of production and editing processes and
    equipment in the development of school-related and students centered projects. Extensive use of
    computers, video editing software and advanced equipment will allow students a broad-based experience
    in camera technique and video editing.
        Students will be responsible for writing scripts, preparing, scheduling, and recording footage, and
    editing the final production. Activities may include TV commercials, music videos, promotion videos,
    public service announcements and other student design projects.
        Students must take this course and meet requirements prior to signing up for Advanced Video
    Production and/or Video Yearbook.
        Students are required to pay a $5.00 lab fee.

1233 VIDEO PRODUCTION II
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     18 weeks                    ―A‖ in 1231 or by               1            1.0          11-12
                                           teacher approval
    Course Description:
        Advanced Video Production will further enhance the student’s video production experience by
    combining the basic skills taught in the first level course with advance editing and broadcasting skills.
    Students in this class will produce ―MC Today‖, the daily morning announcement show that is aired to the
    entire school. Additional projects include creating news packages for broadcast, instructional videos, and
    student designed projects. Students in this class may have the opportunity to enter video contests and take
    part in video conventions. All students will create a DVD portfolio of their work completed in this
    course. Advanced Video Production is designed for students with a strong interest in video production.
    Time will be required outside of class to complete assignments.
        Students are required to pay a $7.00 lab fee. (This course will be held during the same time frame as
    Video Production III)

1235 VIDEO PRODUCTION III
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     18 weeks                    ―A‖ in 1233 or by               1            1.0          11-12
                                           teacher approval
    Course Description:
        Video Production III will build upon the skills gained in the first two levels of video production. There
    will be an increased emphasis on advanced camera work and editing techniques. Students will learn how
    to create motion graphics and video composites using professional level applications. Students will be
    required to plan, produce, and edit large-scale projects. A DVD portfolio will be created to showcase their
    projects completed as part of the course. Video Production III is designed for students with a career
    interest in video production. Time will be required outside of class to complete projects.
        Students are required to pay a $10 lab fee. (This course will be held during the same time frame as
    Video Production II)




                                                     84
1240 ELECTRICITY / ELECTRONICS
   LEVEL    CLASS LENGTH      PREREQUISITE                         CREDIT           WEIGHT            GRADE
    Unre.      9 wks        passing grade in 1208                    .5              1.0               10-12

    Course Description:
        Electricity/Electronics will allow a student to learn about electrical theory including safety, resistance,
    current and voltage. Series and parallel circuits will be identified and tested for understanding. Students
    will use testing equipment to trouble shoot and trace electrical flow in a circuit.
        Individual and cooperative group activities will enable students to discover how electrical
    technologies work. Students will use computer applications and manipulatives to conclude theorized
    hypothesis. Many activities will culminate with a manipulative activity.
        Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee. Additional cost may be incurred depending on the
    student’s selection of projects.


1245 ENERGY SYSTEMS
   LEVEL   CLASS LENGTH                  PREREQUISITE              CREDIT           WEIGHT            GRADE
    Unre.      9 wks                   passing grade in 1208         .5              1.0               10-12

    Course Description:
        This course will provide students with valuable insight into the technologies that provide our energy,
    power the equipment and devices with which we live and work, and control the operation of many
    technical systems. Topics of study will include: renewable and non-renewable energy sources and
    systems; mechanical, electrical, fluid (hydraulic and pneumatic), and thermal power transmission systems;
    computerized controls, robotic systems; economic, social, and environmental impacts of energy and power
    technology.
        Individual and cooperative group activities will enable students to discover how to use energy power
    and control technologies responsibly and productively. Students will use computer applications and
    manipulatives to prove theorized hypothesis. Many activities will culminate with a manipulation activity.
        Students will be required to pay a $10.00 lab fee.

                                            MUSIC COURSES
COURSE:                               PREREQUISITE        CREDIT WEIGHT GRADES:
LIFE ESSENTIALS MUSIC                 None                               .25         1.0         10
  1308                                (Required for
                                      Graduation)
CONCERT CHOIR                         Knowledge of basic                  1.0         1.0         9-12
  1310                                vocal production
ORCHESTRA                             Knowledge of instrument             1.5         1.0         9-12
  1314                                at a high school level
BAND                                  Knowledge of instrument             1.5         1.0         9-12
  1312                                at a high school level
CHOIR and BAND                        Knowledge of basic              .75 each 1.0                9-12
  1311 and 1313                       vocal production and instrument (1.5 total)
                                      at a high school level
CHOIR and ORCHESTRA                   Knowledge of basic              .75 each 1.0                9-12
  1311 and   1315                     vocal production and instrument (1.5 total)
                                      at a high school level



                                                      85
ORCHESTRA and BAND                    Knowledge of instrument             .75 each 1.0            9-12
  1381 and 1382                       at a high school level              (1.5 total)
CHOIR and BAND and ORCHESTRA                              .5 each      1.0        9-12
  1390 and 1391 and 1392 Approval from all 3 directors.   (1.5 total)
                           Knowledge of basic vocal production and instrument at a hs level
MUSIC THEORY 1             Theory Teacher Recommendation 1.0           1.0        11-12
 1320
ADVANCED PLACEMENT                    Grade of ―B‖ or higher in  1.0                  1.4         12
MUSIC THEORY 1350                         Music Theory 1
                                      or Theory Teacher Recommendation

1308 10TH GRADE LIFE ESSENTIALS MUSIC    (Required for Graduation)
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE            CREDIT      WEIGHT                              GRADE
    Unre.    4 1/2 weeks            none                  .25        1.0                                 10

    Course Description:
        Students will actively study how music says who we are as human beings and how we express
    ourselves through music. In the course, the students will experience a wide range of musical styles
    through listening, class participation and projects, and formal evaluation.

                           CONCERT CHOIR, ORCHESTRA, AND CONCERT BAND

    GENERAL COURSE REQUIREMENTS:
         Public performances are the primary forum wherein music students are evaluated. Such performances
    are, in effect, the "tests" and "final exams" for these courses. For this reason, as well as to ensure the
    overall success of the group, attendance at performances is mandatory. In marking periods in which a
    performance is given, 70% of the marking period grade will be determined by work in the classroom and
    rehearsals. 30% of the marking period grade will be determined by concert participation. In a marking
    period in which no performance is given, 100% of the marking period will be determined by work in the
    classroom and rehearsals.
         For required performances, only absences for the following will be considered: 1) Personal illness
    (documented by a physician's statement); 2) Death in family; 3) Educational travel approved by the
    district provided that the student notifies the director at least two weeks prior to the date of departure (see
    guideline in Student Behavior Code); 4) Released time for religious instruction (Required form is to be
    submitted to the director at least two weeks prior to the absence). Students with excused absences will be
    expected to earn points to substitute for concert participation. Criteria for the awarding of such credit will
    be determined by the director. Students who are absent for reasons not specifically excused above will
    receive a zero for the concert portion of their grade.

    CONCERT CHOIR
      LEVEL                                CLASS LENGTH
       Unre.                                   1 sem

      Course Description:
         The Concert Choir is designed to provide instruction in the techniques of choral singing, sight-
    singing skills, and opportunities for choral rehearsal and performance.
         Basic objectives are: to provide the opportunity to experience teamwork; to hear the effects of tonal
    blends; to create awareness of pitch in musical production; to participate in a variety of choral
    performances where a variety of styles of music are sung; to develop an ability to learn to follow and read
    a given voice part (soprano, alto, tenor or bass) as well as to gain a sense of self satisfaction by
    participating in a choral experience.


                                                       86
        The Concert Choir will perform two public concerts—one in December and another in January.
    Concert Choir will not meet during the advisory period in the second semester.
        Members of the Concert Choir are eligible to audition for the select vocal ensemble called Chansodié.
    Students will also have the opportunity to audition for County and District Chorus. If selected for District
    Chorus, they then will audition for Regional and State Choruses.

    CHANSODIÉ
      LEVEL                                        CLASS LENGTH
       Unre.                                        (Advisory 2nd Semester)

    Course Description:
        Members of the select vocal ensemble called Chansodié will be chosen by audition in September.
    Audition materials and procedures will be determined at the beginning of the fall semester. All members
    of Chansodié must also be members of the Concert Choir.
        Chansodié will meet during advisory period and rehearse during Concert Choir class for the first
    semester. For the second semester, Chansodié will meet during the advisory period and students will
    receive .5 credit for the second semester. This group will then perform in the spring concert.

    ORCHESTRA
      LEVEL                               CLASS LENGTH
       Unre.                             1 sem(& Advisory 2nd Sem)

    Course Description:
         The High School Orchestra is offered to students at the high school who have reached an adequate
    level of performance. They must have a basic knowledge of finger and bowing                       techniques.
    Membership for woodwind, brass, and percussion instrumentalists is by audition.
        The orchestra provides performing experience to enhance ensemble techniques as well as individual
    playing skills. String players are required to attend sectionals as outlined by district policy. Two public
    concerts are held each year, one in December and one in the Spring. Students who participate in Senior
    High Orchestra may become eligible to audition for County and District Orchestra; If selected for District
    Orchestra, they then will audition for Regional and State events.

    CONCERT BAND
      LEVEL                               CLASS LENGTH
       Unre.                             1 sem(& Advisory 2nd Sem)

    Course Description:
        The band program is for students who play a woodwind, brass or percussion instrument with an
    acceptable degree of competency. The band program includes numerous opportunities to perform concert,
    marching and jazz music.
        Basic to our band instrumental program is our concert band. With very few exceptions the concert
    band rehearses only during the school day and plays a large variety of concert and marching music. The
    concert band performs a concert in the fall, winter, spring and at graduation. Through participation in the
    concert band, students may become eligible for County, District, Regional and All-State Concert Bands.
        Most students also choose to perform in the "Marching Barons". This band rehearses twice weekly
    during summer and early fall, performing at football games and local parades. The ―Marching Barons‖
    have many opportunities to perform for a very appreciative Manheim audience.
        Beginning in January students may select to perform in the Jazz Band or the Baron Ompah Band.




                                                      87
1320 MUSIC THEORY 1
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     1         1 sem                        Theory Teacher               1             1.0          11-12
                                           Recommendation
     Course Description:
         Theory 1 is offered to students at the high school who have a serious interest in the study of music
     fundamentals. A basic knowledge of music notation will be required

     General Course Requirements:
         Students will be required to complete daily written notation assignments. Class work will include
     dictation, aural exercises, and compositions exercises. A final exam will be given.

1350 ADVANCED PLACEMENT MUSIC THEORY
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                      PREREQUISITE               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     AP              1 sem                Music Theory I or               1            1.4          12
                                   Theory Teacher Recommendation Needed
    Course Description:
        This course is offered to students who have completed the Music Theory 1 course with at least a "B"
    average or a music theory teacher recommendation. Course material will include the study of music
    harmony including symbols, cadence types, chord quality, progressions, non harmonic tones, and voice
    leading; intervals; performance terms; rhythmic organization; scales; and texture. Daily class work will
    include rhythmic and melodic dictation, aural practice, writing four part harmonies, music composition,
    and sight-singing.

     The Manheim Central School District assumes the total cost of all Advanced Placement Tests and requires
     all students enrolled in AP courses to take the associated AP test.

                          AGRICULTURE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
              Agriculture Department Four-Year Sequence of Course Offerings
The following sequence of courses is offered in two areas of study: Agriculture Science and Agriculture
Mechanics.
Students need to plan their Ag-Ed course selection over their four-year high school period.
The Ag-Ed courses are offered to meet the needs of students in four different agriculture career tracts.
These four Agriculture Education career tracts include:
    1.) Agriculture Work Preparation:
         Students who will pursue a career in agriculture after graduation from high school.
    2.) Agriculture College Preparation:
         Students who will pursue further agriculture education after graduating from high school.
    3.) CTC Preparation:
         Students who are preparing to attend a CTC majoring in an agriculture field.
    4.) Career Preparation:
         Students who have an interest in agriculture as it applies to their individual career objective.

    Agriculture Science Pathway                                  Agriculture Mechanics Pathway
                                                 2006-2007
    Agriculture Science 1 or                                             Agriculture Mechanics 1 or
    Honors Agriculture Science 1                                         Honors Agriculture Mechanics 1

    Equine Science: Horse Mgt.                                           Small Gas Engines: 2 & 4 Cycle
                                                                                                Engine

    Environmental Stewardship: Natural Resource Mgt.                     Diesel Mechanics: Engine Repair &
                                                                                         Maint.

                                                      88
    Ag Sales and Marketing: Salesmanship & Business Mgt                     Advanced Construction:
                                                                                   Construction Systems
      -HACC College In High School Ag Business course

                                                    2007-2008
    Agriculture Science 1 or                                                Agriculture Mechanics 1 or
    Honors Agriculture Science 1                                            Honors Agriculture Mechanics 1

    Applied Animal Science 2: Beef, Sheep, Swine Mgt.                   Ag Machinery: Machinery Repair & Maint.

    Applied Plant Science 2: Landscaping, Turf & Nursery Mgt.           Agriculture Construction: Framing &
                                                                                                      Building

    Ag Bio-Tech: Biotechnology-Food And Fiber Systems                   Small Gas Engines: 2 & 4 Cycle Engines

                                                    2008-2009
    Agriculture Science 1 or                                                Agriculture Mechanics 1 or
    Honors Agriculture Science 1                                            Honors Agriculture Mechanics 1

Applied Animal Science 1: Dairy, Poultry, Small Animals Mgt.                Ag Welding: MIG, TIG, Arc, Plasma

Applied Plant Science 1: Greenhouse Mgt. & Floriculture

Agriculture Processing: Food Chemistry, Meat & Dairy Processing

               Ag Senior Co-Op Work Experience is offered every year.

                         REQUIRED AGRICULTURE SCIENCE COURSE
     1408     LEGS: AGRICULTURE EXPLORATION
             9th Grade Agriculture Life Essential Group of Studies Course (LEGS)           (Offered Every Year)
             Graduation Requirement Of All 9th Grade Students

      LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT           WEIGHT         GRADE
      Unre           4 1/2 weeks                   None                       1/4              1.0            9

      Course Description:
           Agriculture is defined as all activities involved in the production, processing, distribution and marketing
      of food and fiber. Students will gain an appreciation of how food goes "from the field to the table".
           Students will be taken on a journey through many of today's agriculture areas including environmental
      technology, plant science, animal production, food processing and agribusiness. Students will evaluate the
      cultural impact of agriculture on society and how they are connected to agriculture. Hands on activities and
      labs will enhance the students understanding of agriculture. Academic connections will be made between
      the agriculture sciences and all core subjects. The application of agriculture practices to other curriculum
      areas will be emphasized. A class notebook will be required of all students.

      Course Requirements:
          Students will be required to complete an agriculture research project during this 41/2 week Agriculture
      Exploration class. Effective research and information management skills will be developed.
      Students will be given the opportunity to join the FFA. No Lab Fee.




                                                         89
                     All elective Agriculture Education Program courses have
                          these common expectations and opportunities:

    1. A Supervised Agriculture Experience Portfolio will be a requirement for all courses. The SAE
    provides opportunities for supplemental research and enrichment activities in the agriculture field
    being studied and individual agriculture interest. Students will need to maintain a Record Book
    or class Journal to show progress in agriculture skill development. Career, personal and
    leadership goals will be set by the students at the beginning of the Ag course and evaluated at
    the end of the course.

    2. Each student will explore varied agricultural career opportunities in all units studied and relate
    them to their individual interest, aptitudes and skills. Opportunities for the Graduation Project will
    be explored.

    3. The FFA organization is explored and students are given the option of joining this agricultural
    youth organization. Students can demonstrate their agriculture skills by competing in FFA
    Career Development Events on the county, state and national level. The FFA makes a positive
    difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal
    growth and career success through agriculture education. All students are encouraged but not
    required to join the FFA. Intracurricular credit will be given for FFA participation. To be eligible
    to join the FFA a student must be enrolled in an agriculture course during that school year.

    4. A course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.

         AGRICULTURE SCIENCE COURSES OFFERED EVERY YEAR
    1411 AGRICULTURE SCIENCE 1: Introduction to Agriculture Science
       LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE            CREDIT           WEIGHT         GRADE
       Unre.         18 weeks                    None                     1                1.0           9-12

    Course Offered Every Year        PREREQUISITE FOR ALL OTHER AG SCIENCE COURSES
    Course Description:
        This first year Agriculture Science course is designed to give students a basic overview of the agri-
    science industry. Ag Science 1 will combine practical, hands-on experience in agri-science with an
    emphasis on applied skills and laboratory exploration. Field trips may be scheduled throughout the year
    and a number of laboratory experiences will be included in each unit.
        Major agriculture areas to be covered will include: Animal Science, Leadership Development, Ag
    Processing, Natural Resources and Plant Science. Students will study the importance of agriculture in
    Pennsylvania and the world.
      Animal science discussions will include terminology and types of farming operations dealing with beef,
    sheep, swine, dairy, poultry and horses. Students will participate in a livestock evaluation contest.
        Students will develop their leadership potential by learning about their own leadership style. Methods of
    speaking in front of a group of your peers will be explored. This leadership knowledge will be applied to a
    school wide community service project.
        Students will gain an appreciation of how food goes "from the field to the table". Students will
    investigate the composition and processing of a food item of their choice.
        Natural Resources will deal with wildlife species habitat management, natural resource conservation,
    watersheds and land use options.
        The Plant Science unit will give students an overview of how plants grow and how we use the products
    from plants. The unit will include soil preparations, growing a garden and greenhouse operation.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10




                                                      90
    1410 HONORS AGRICULTURE SCIENCE 1: Introduction to Agriculture Science

    LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH               PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT             WEIGHT      GRADE
    Honors           18 weeks                   None                        1                 1.3         9-12

    Course Offered Every Year         CAN BE PREREQUISITE FOR ALL OTHER AG SCIENCE COURSES
    Course Description:
        This advanced first year Agriculture Science course is designed to give students a more thorough
    overview of the agric-science industry than the Ag Science 1 course. Students DO NOT need to live on a
    farm to elect this class.
       Honors Ag Science 1 will combine practical, hands-on experience in agri-science with an emphasis on
    applied skills and laboratory exploration. Students will be expected to do advanced scientific application of
    agriculture in this honors level class. Management of the Agriculture Program greenhouse and the sale of
    plants will be the responsibility of the Honors Ag Sci students. Field trips may be scheduled throughout the
    year and a number of laboratory experiences will be included in each unit.
      Students who successfully pass this Honors Ag Science class will be asked to serve as Teacher
    Assistants (TA’s) in future Agriculture Education electives.
      Major agriculture areas to be covered will include: Animal Science, Leadership Development, Ag
    Processing, Natural Resources and Plant Science. Students will study the economic, social and cultural
    importance of agriculture in Pennsylvania and the world.
      Animal Science discussions will include terminology and types of farming operations dealing with beef,
    sheep, swine, dairy, poultry and horses. Independent research will be conducted by students in an area of
    animal science of their choice. Students will create a livestock evaluation contest for the Ag Science 1
    class.
      Students will develop their leadership potential by learning about their own leadership style. Methods of
    speaking in front of a group of your peers will be explored. This leadership knowledge will be applied to an
    independent community service project.
      Students will gain an appreciation of how food goes "from the field to the table". Students will investigate
    the composition and processing of a food item of their choice. Each student will make a personal contact
    with a food industry professional.
      Natural Resources will deal with wildlife species habitat management, natural resource conservation ,
    watershed study and land use options. Independent research will be conducted by students in an area of
    environmental science of their choice. A project to implement what was learned in the Natural Resources
    unit will be developed at the Land Lab. We will continue our partnership with the Chiques Creek
                                                                           th
    Watershed Alliance. Students will develop and coordinate the MC 4 Grade Wetlands and Watershed Day
    in May.
      The Plant Science unit will give students an overview of how plants grow and how we use the products
    from plants. The unit will include soil preparations, growing a garden and operation of the high school
    greenhouse and tree nursery. Independent research will be conducted by students in an area of plant
    science of their choice. The design and management of the gardens, crop land and wetland area at the
    Agriculture Programs Land Lab will be the responsibility of the Honors Ag Science students.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10

                       AGRICULTURE SCIENCE COURSES 2006-2007
    1420 AGRICULTURE SALES AND MARKETING                                (2006-2007)
              HACC College in the High School: Agriculture Business Management

     LEVEL(s)        CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                         CREDIT WEIGHT GRADE
*Honors-HACC             9 weeks  B or higher in Ag Sci. 1 or Honors Ag Sci. 1 1/2    1.4    11-12
                                               Ag-Ed Teacher Recommendation Required
          1               9 weeks              Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1         1/2      1.2       10-12

    Course Description:
       The many principals of agribusiness management will be examined. Hands-on classroom instruction in
    the proper techniques of selling and marketing agriculture products, computer applications to agriculture,
    record keeping skills and preparing materials for agriculture publications will be carried out. Risk
    management and budget analysis will be studied.
    The importance of agriculture cooperatives will be studied. Students will run an agriculture business to
    apply the skills of people and resource management.

                                                      91
    *Students who elect to take this course for College in the High School will receive 3 credits from HACC plus
    1/2 high school credit upon successful completion of the class.

    HACC Grading will include 2 Take Home Exams, 2 Case studies and a Final Exam.
    Based on the availability of state funding and possible endowments from other sources, a HACC
    Registration and Tuition fee may be required for his course.

    1422 EQUINE SCIENCE (2006-2007)
            Horse Management

      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                      CREDIT          WEIGHT        GRADE
       1            9 weeks   Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1                1/2            1.2          10-12

    Course Description:
    Horses represent a $16 billion industry annually in the United States. This course will introduce students to
    the many aspects of the equine industry. Applied skill and scientific topics covered will include history,
    anatomy, health, genetics, nutrition, judging, riding and training of horses. Management of the equine
    business will be stressed.
    Field Trip and/or Lab Fee $10

    1412 ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (2006-2007)
         Soil, Water, and Forest Conservation and Management

     LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                       CREDIT          WEIGHT         GRADE
      1            9 weeks     Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1             1/2             1.2            10-12

    Course Description:
     This Ag Science course is designed to acquaint the student with our most important natural resources:
    Water, Soil, Forest, Fish and Wildlife. Students will evaluate the ties between finite natural resources and
    the need for conservation, sustainable agriculture development and stewardship of the environment.
    Students will analyze the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources and the impact of human activity
    on them.
     Students will develop skills in managing natural resources as agriculture crops including habitat
    requirements, life cycles and methods of conserving natural resource elements. Students will analyze the
    interdependence of an ecosystem. Hands-on labs will include water quality analysis, species identification,
    habitat development, timber stand improvement, aquaculture and effects of pollution. Students will work
    with local game wardens, land managers, fish commissioners and sportsmen clubs to analyze the social
    systems effects on the environment. A canoe trip may be taken to provide students with the opportunity to
    think critically and generate potential solutions to environmental issues. Current environmental laws will be
    reviewed. Careers will be explored by students spending a day with a professional in the natural resources
    industry.
     Field Trip and Lab Fee $20

                      AGRICULTURE SCIENCE COURSES 2007-2008
    1414 APPLIED AGRICULTURE ANIMAL SCIENCE 2 (2007-2008)
           Beef, Sheep, and Swine Management

      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                        CREDIT         WEIGHT        GRADE
         1         9 weeks      Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1             1/2            1.2           10-12

    Course Description:
     This agri-science class will continue with the discussion about Beef, Sheep and Swine from the Ag
    Science 1 class. The body systems including skeletal, reproduction, digestion, and mammary will be
    reviewed. Veterinary skills will be explored for the various livestock species. Students will analyze best
    management practices for beef, sheep and swine. Nutrient management laws as they relate to livestock
    will be examined.
     Careers will be explored by students spending a day with a professional in the livestock industry.


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    In-depth management topics will center around the Beef, Sheep, Swine and Dairy industries. Areas to be
    covered will include health, housing, nutrition, selection, marketing, current issues and global and
    environmental concerns related to animal science, Field trips will be taken to local livestock producers to
    observe management practices and career possibilities. Students will evaluate the impact of processed
    agriculture foods and products from livestock on current and future lifestyles.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10

    1419 APPLIED AGRICULTURE PLANT SCIENCE 2                               (2007-2008)
                   Landscaping Principals and Turf & Tree Nursery Management

      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                        CREDIT           WEIGHT        GRADE
       1            9 weeks     Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1              1/2             1.2           10-12

    Course Description:
    This Ag Science course will continue with the discussion about plants from the Ag Science I class. The
    cultural
    practices involved in the production of plants including plant functions, soil preparation, plant propagation,
    turf management, integrated pest control and horticulture marketing. Environmental concerns and current
    issues facing the plant science industry will be reviewed. The Ag Department greenhouse, land lab and
    tree nursery will be used to apply plant science skills learned in class.
    A overview of landscape history and design concepts will be covered. Students will be responsible for
    finding a “client” to prepare a landscape plan for using proper landscape design techniques.
    Crop areas to be studied will include perennial flowers, nursery stock and ornamental landscape plants.
    Proper identification of common ornamental plants will be required.
    The establishment and care of turf grass will be explored with an emphasis on professional turf grass
    management.
    The career fields of horticulture including lawn care, landscaping and tree nursery management will be
    explored through hands on labs, field trips and student research. Careers will be explored by students
    spending a day with a professional in the plant science industry.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10

    1424 AGRICULTURE BIOTECHNOLOGY                           (2007-2008)
            Plant & Animal Biotechnology and Crop Science

     LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                        CREDIT          WEIGHT         GRADE
      1            9 weeks   Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1                1/2             1.2            10-12

    Course Description:
    This Ag Science course is designed to show student how principals of biology have been researched,
    manipulated and used to provide advancements in the production of food and fiber. Students will describe
    how agricultural science has influenced biotechnology and their lives now and in the future.
    Students will investigate how American agriculture can and will continue to feed an ever increasing world
    population with limited resources. A basic understanding of plant and animal reproduction will be
    advanced into a science of agriculture biotechnology. A strong emphasis on agriculture research and
    applied student laboratory experiences to simulated the agriculture biotechnology industry work place.
      Best management practices of farm crop production systems with an emphasis on corn, soybeans,
    grasses and small grains will be covered
    Labs will include scientific manipulation of plant and animals and the examination of the global food supply.
    Field trips will be taken to see first hand agriculture biotechnology practices and careers in agriculture
    biotechnology.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10

                      AGRICULTURE SCIENCE COURSES 2008-2009
    1413      APPLIED AGRICULTURE ANIMAL SCIENCE 1 (2008-2009)
             Dairy, Poultry and Small Animal Management

       LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH               PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT          WEIGHT        GRADE
       1              9 weeks              Ag Sci 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1       1/2             1.2            10-12


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    Course Description:
    This agri-science class will continue with the discussion about Dairy, Poultry and Small Animals from the
    Ag Science I class. The body systems including skeletal, reproduction, digestion, and mammary will be
    reviewed. Veterinary skills will be explored for dairy, poultry and small animals. Careers will be explored by
    students visiting with a professional in the livestock industry.
    In-depth management topics will center around the dairy, poultry and small animal production. Areas to be
    covered will include health, housing, nutrition, selection, marketing, current issues and global and
    environmental concerns related to animal science, Field trips will be taken to local livestock producers to
    observe management practices and career possibilities. Students will evaluate the impact of processed
    agriculture foods and products from dairy and poultry on current and future lifestyles.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $10

    1418 APPLIED AGRICULTURE PLANT SCIENCE 1 (2008-2009)
           Greenhouse Management & Floriculture

       LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                  PREREQUISITE                CREDIT           WEIGHT        GRADE
        1             9 weeks                 Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1 1/2                  1.2        10-12
    Course Description:
     This Ag Science course will continue with the discussion about plants from the Ag Science I class.
    Environmental concerns and current issues facing the plant science industry will be reviewed. The Ag
    Department greenhouse, tree nursery and Land Lab will be used to apply plant science skills learned in
    class.
      The cultural practices involved in the production of plants in a greenhouse setting including plant
    functions, soil preparation, plant propagation, fertilization and pest control will be covered.
       Basic flower arranging design techniques and skills will be reviewed. Flower identification and
    floriculture supplies will be examined. The sales and marketing skill of a florist will be applied in a weekly
    flower shop run by students.
       The career fields of horticulture including greenhouse engineering, bedding plant production, flower
    arranging and greenhouse management will be explored through hands on labs, field trips and student
    research.
     Field Trip and Lab Fee $30

    1416 AGRICULTURE PROCESSING                           (2008-2009)
            Food Chemistry, Dairy and Meat Processing

       LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH                 PREREQUISITE                CREDIT          WEIGHT        GRADE
         1           9 weeks             Ag Science 1 or Honors Ag Sci 1         1/2             1.2         10-12
    Course Description:
     Agriculture is more than farming. The agriculture processing industry has become one of advance
    technology and provides consumers with superior quality food products that require skilled workers.
    Students will evaluate the impact of processed agriculture foods and products on current and future
    lifestyles. Topics including dairy and meat processing, factory processing of agriculture products, food
    inspection systems, environmental concerns associated with the processing industry and the marketing of
    the processed products. Each students will visit with a professional in the food science industry. Hands-
    on labs will be conducted to encourage students to demonstrate the agriculture processing concepts
    learned in class. Labs will include meat quality identification, dairy foods evaluation, processing of several
    agriculture products and the examination of the global food supply. Field trips to several food processing
    plants will be taken to see, first hand, the technology and careers in ag processing.
    Field Trip and Lab Fee $20




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          AGRICULTURE MECHANICS COURSE OFFERED EVERY YEAR
    1431 AGRICULTURE MECHANICS 1: Introduction to Agriculture Mechanics
      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                 PREREQUISITE                CREDIT           WEIGHT        GRADE
      Unre.        18 weeks                      None                         1               1.0           9-12

    Course Offered Every Year      PREREQUISITE FOR ALL OTHER AG MECH CLASSES.

    Course Description:
        This, being the first course taught in Agriculture Education Mechanics, will provide a basic overview of
    agricultural mechanics related to repair, construction and maintenance. The student will receive
    instruction in shop safety, tools and hardware identification, tool use and maintenance, simple metal and
    wood work, basic electrical wiring, gas welding, an introduction to electric arc welding and tractor driving
    safety. All students will master the use of materials, tools and processes of agriculture mechanics which
    are applicable to this course.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract , signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $40 course fee (subject to current lumber prices) will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take
    home projects.

    1430 HONORS AGRICULTURE MECHANICS 1: Introduction to Ag Mechanics
      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                 PREREQUISITE                CREDIT           WEIGHT        GRADE
      Honors       18 weeks                      None                         1                1.3          9-12

    Course Offered Every Year      CAN BE PREREQUISITE FOR ALL OTHER AG MECH CLASSES.

    Course Description:
       This advanced first year Agriculture Education Mechanics course will provide students with a more
    thorough overview overview of agriculture mechanics than Ag Mech 1 and more advanced project work.
    Topics to be covered include areas of agriculture mechanics related to repair, construction and
    maintenance.
    Honors Ag Mechanics 1 will combine practical hands on experience in agriculture mechanics with a
    emphasis on advanced skill development. Students will be expected to do skill development above the
    level taught in Ag Mech 1 Students DO NOT need to live on a farm to elect this class.
      The student will receive instruction in shop safety, tools and hardware identification, tool use and
    maintenance, simple metal and wood work, basic electrical wiring, gas welding, an introduction to electric
    arc welding and tractor driving safety. All students will master the use of materials, tools and processes of
    agriculture mechanics which are applicable to this course.
      Students who successfully pass this Honors Ag Mech 1 class will be asked to serve as Teacher
    Assistants (TA’s) in future Agriculture Education electives.

     Course Requirements:
       A safety contract , signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $40 course fee (subject to current material prices) will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take
    home projects.




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                    AGRICULTURE MECHANICS COURSES 2006-2007

    1441 ADVANCED AGRICULTURE CONSTRUCTION                                 (2006-2007)
     LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                        CREDIT           WEIGHT        GRADE
      Unre.         9 weeks    Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1                 1/2             1.0           10-12

    Course Description:
      The goal of the Advanced Construction is to build on the basic skills learned in Ag Mechanics 1 and Ag
    Construction. In Advanced Ag Construction, students will learn more about finishing a permanent structure.
    Electrical wiring, plumbing, basic interior wall finishes, hanging doors, and installation of windows are a few
    topics that will be covered. The skills developed have common uses on the farm and in the home. The
    course will emphasize proper tool usage and safety, knowledge of materials and construction procedures,
    building codes and safety standards, as well as business and computer skills.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract , signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.


    1436 DIESEL MACHINERY                       (2006-2007)
      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT          WEIGHT      GRADE
        Unre.      9 weeks    Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1            1/2             1.0         10-12

    Course Description:
      Diesel machinery will cover the basic information needed by students to help them enter a career in
    diesel mechanics. Skills to be developed will include diesel engine tear down, short block service, cylinder
    head service, turbo charges, and superchargers. Diesel engine reassembly and injection system service
    will also be covered in depth. Career exploration will be cover to show students the multiple areas involved
    in diesel mechanics.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.

    1433 SMALL GAS ENGINES                           (2006-2007 & 2007-2008)
      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT          WEIGHT      GRADE
       Unre.       9 weeks    Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1            1/2             1.0         10-12

    Course Description:
       The purpose of this Ag Mech course is to aid in practical, working knowledge of small gas engines.
    This course will include repair, operation and maintenance of two and four cycle engines. Laboratory
    exercises will cover compression, ignition, carburetor adjustment, fuels, lubrication, maintenance and
    sales. Students will develop engine trouble shooting skills to determine what is wrong with an engine .

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.




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                   AGRICULTURE MECHANICS COURSES 2007-2008
    1435 AGRICULTURE MACHINERY                           (2007-2008)
       LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE                  CREDIT           WEIGHT       GRADE
        Unre.        9 weeks        Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1                1/2             1.0         10-12
    Course Description:
     This Ag Mech course is designed for any student with strong mechanical interests. The course will involve
    tractor and machinery maintenance and calibration. Emphasis will be put on the need for the upkeep of
    equipment by stressing the value of replacing parts, preventative maintenance, and the loss of working
    time. Actual experience in adjustment, maintenance, set-up and servicing of tractor engines and other
    machinery will be covered. Local dealerships will provide equipment for study.
     Each student will explore varied agricultural career options in all units studied and relate them to their
    individual interest, aptitudes and skills.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.

    1437 AGRICULTURE CONSTRUCTION                              (2007-2008)
       LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                  PREREQUISITE                 CREDIT          WEIGHT        GRADE
          Unre.      9 weeks        Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1                 1/2              1.0         10-12
    Course Description:
         The goal of this Ag Mech course is to give the individual working knowledge of building construction.
    The student will receive instruction in planning of a project, developing a bill of materials and carpentry and
    framing skills. The class will participate in the planning and building of a large storage shed. This project
    will give students hands-on experience with identification and ordering of construction materials, safe and
    proper construction tool usage, site preparation, rafter and wall layout, exterior finish work, spray painting
    and team work.
         Each student will explore varied agricultural career options in all units studied and relate them to their
    individual interest, aptitudes and skills.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.

    1433 SMALL GAS ENGINES                           ( 2006-2007 & 2007-2008)
      LEVEL         CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE               CREDIT           WEIGHT       GRADE
       Unre.        9 weeks         Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1            1/2               1.0        10-12
    Course Description:
       The purpose of this Ag Mech course is to aid in practical, working knowledge of small gas engines.
    This course will include repair, operation and maintenance of two and four cycle engines. Laboratory
    exercises will cover compression, ignition, carburetor adjustment, fuels, lubrication, maintenance and
    sales. Students will develop engine trouble shooting skills to determine what is wrong with an engine.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $10 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.




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                   AGRICULTURE MECHANICS COURSES 2008-2009
    1439 AGRICULTURE WELDING                         (2008-2009)
      LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH          PREREQUISITE                      CREDIT           WEIGHT       GRADE
      Unre.        9 weeks  Ag Mech 1 or Honors Ag Mech 1                   1/2              1.0          10-12

    Course Description:
         This course includes oxygen-acetylene gas welding review, basic arc welding, inert gas welding (MIG
    and TIG) and plasma cutting. The class emphasizes performance in arc and inert gas welding and the
    proper use of metal working equipment. Agriculture industry based welding equipment will be used by
    students in the Agriculture Mechanics shop.
         This course begins with a review of the students basic knowledge of electric arc welding and applied
    skills of oxygen-aceteylene welding learned in Ag Mech 1. Students will learn and demonstrate approved
    welding and metal working techniques.
         A take home welding project, paid for by the student, will be constructed as a concluding project of the
    class.

    Course Requirements:
       A safety contract, signed by parents and students, explaining appropriate shop maintenance & tool
    operation and student conduct while in the ag shop areas will be required of all students.
       Students are required to wear safety glasses at all times while working in the shop.
       A $ 15 course fee will be charged for lab projects, field trips and take home projects.


1460/1461 SENIOR AG CO-OP WORK EXPERIENCE PROGRAM                                         (Offered Every
Year)

     LEVEL        CLASS LENGTH                PREREQUISITE                CREDIT          WEIGHT
    GRADE
       Unre.        1 YEAR                      SEE BELOW                4                 1.0            12
    Prereq: To be eligible for a Co-Op placement, a student must have a "C" or better in the following Ag Ed
    department courses. Ag Science I and/or Ag Mech I plus 1 1/2 credits in Agriculture Department courses
    beyond Ag Science I and Ag Mech I. You must get Mrs. Seibert's signature on your course selection sheet
    before turning it in to the guidance department.

    Course Description:
         This fourth year Agriculture Education course will require students to understand and demonstrate the
importance of relating their academic and vocational skills to their ability to seek, obtain and maintain a job.
This Co-Op program consists of on-the-job training which is provided by the local employer and supervised by
the agricultural instructors. Record books must be kept by the students. Included in the books are hours
worked, skills learned and a work agreement signed by the employer, student, Ag-Ed instructor and parents. A
quarterly work performance evaluation is required of the employer.

       Dismissal time for the work experience program will be at 10:45 am.

    1460           SENIOR CO-OP WORK EXPERIENCE - P.M. - 1st Semester - 2 Credits
    1461           SENIOR CO-OP WORK EXPERIENCE - P.M. - 2nd Semester -2 Credits

                                             LEARNING SUPPORT
LEARNING SUPPORT

         Senior high meets in a combined class during various periods throughout the day when not attending
    a regular class. Special attention is given to fostering emotional and social growth through promoting a
    healthy "self concept". In the special classroom, English, Social Studies, Reading, Math, and
    Occupational Studies are required and pursued by both group and independent approaches. In addition,

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    students also study short courses in the following areas during class periods when they do not attend
    regular class electives: Science Studies, News Review, Social Living, and Vocabulary Study.
        An "open door" environment exists in which students are encouraged to schedule regular class
    subjects for which they have adequate ability and/or interest. When a student pursues a subject in regular
    class, he or she is then exempt from its counterpoint in the special class. Necessary support is provided
    through cooperation between regular and special class teachers.
        Students who could profit from Vocational-Technical training are advised and aided in applying for
    admission to CTC. Also, a work-study program designed for exceptional seniors will be included in the
    special education program at the senior high school.

1812 LIVING SKILLS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.       1 sem                         IEP                      1             1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to prepare students for independent functioning. Students will be exposed to a
    wide variety of experiences so that they can become familiar with everyday-type, practical life
    responsibilities. They will be shown a variety of skills and competencies in the areas of home
    management, survival skills, budgeting and finances, and family living.

    General Course Requirements:
         Students will be required to maintain a notebook, participate in classroom discussions, complete daily
    assignments, role play and complete classroom examinations.

1814 VOCATIONAL MATH
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     1 sem                           IEP                      1             1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
        This course is designed to teach and review the fundamentals of basic math, measurement, consumer
    math, and vocational math (problems related to specific work environments). Students pursue both group
    and individual math. Each student works within the main group and without - independently at his own
    rate on basic fundamentals.

    General Course Requirements:
        Completion of daily homework assignments, worksheets, class participation, and evaluative measures
    indicating individual progress. Students must show evidence of initiative being taken in completion of
    their individual folder work.

1815 VOCATIONAL ENGLISH 9
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                    PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     1 sem                           IEP                      1             1.0           9

    Course Description:
        This course stresses functional reading skills and practical usage of the English language, which will
    be taught through a corrective reading program. Students will build vocabulary according to their own
    vocational interests and will be responsible for written assignments, both research-based and creative.
    There will also be a focus on reading for enjoyment. A review of grammar will be included in this course.

1816 VOCATIONAL ENGLISH 10-12
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                           CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.     1 sem                IEP                                 1             1.0          10-12


                                                     99
    Course Description:
        This course stresses functional reading skills and practical usage of the English language, which will
    be taught through a corrective reading program. Students will build vocabulary according to their own
    vocational interests and will be responsible for written assignments, both
    research-based and creative. There will also be a focus on reading for enjoyment. A review of grammar
    will be included in this course.

    General Course Requirements:
       Class participation, completion of homework assignments and test and maintaining a notebook.

1818 SOCIAL SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.       1 sem                          IEP                      1             1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
        This course is to provide the learner with a broad base of knowledge in the areas of health, science,
    history, geography and affective education. It will focus on the functional and practical aspects of the
    specific topics.

    General Course Requirements:
        Students will be expected to contribute to class discussions, complete classroom and outside reading,
    keep an organized notebook, complete outside written assignments, and complete written examinations to
    evaluate student progress.

1830 SCHOOL-TO-WORK
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH                     PREREQUISITE                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem                           IEP                      1             1.0          9-12

    Course Description:
         This course stresses employability skills, community-based instruction, and academic/affective
    support. Students will prepare themselves for independent living. Students will receive formal instruction
    for making the transition from school to work. This instruction will sometimes take place on the job site,
    as students will observe the work place and experience "job shadowing" during the school day.
    Independent living experiences will also expand out into the community, so that these practical
    experiences will become more meaningful. Vocational training opportunities will be explored at area vo-
    tech schools.
         Academic support and study skills will be a component of this course, so that students can be
    successful in regular education courses. In addition, students will experience activities to help improve
    self-esteem and decision making.

    Course Requirements:
        Class participation, completion of a daily log, written assignments, maintaining an academic
    assignment notebook.

    LEARNING SUPPORT/RESOURCE ROOM
         The learning support classes are designed to provide at-risk support students with more continuity and
    support than the traditional classroom provides. In the learning support program, students may attend up
    to four content classes with specialized instruction. Placement in these classes is based upon staff
    recommendation and student learning needs as defined by the Individualized Education Program (IEP)
    which is designed for each support student.




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    Course Requirements:
        Students will be expected to participate in and complete all activities in order to meet the requirements
    outlined in the IEP.

1919 LEARNING SUPPORT ENGLISH 9
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem              IEP                                     1             1.0           9

        Instruction in this class is individualized according to the student’s needs as identified in the
    Individualized Education Program. Activities and content may be remedial in nature and/or may parallel
    the general education program. In its broadest sense, the course goal is to improve written and verbal
    language skills through reading, writing and speaking using one to one and small group instruction.

1920 LEARNING SUPPORT ENGLISH 10-12
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH        PREREQUISITE                               CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem                IEP                                   1             1.0          10-12

        Instruction in this class is individualized according to the student’s needs as identified in the
    Individualized Education Program. Activities and content may be remedial in nature and/or may parallel
    the general education program. In its broadest sense, the course goal is to improve written and verbal
    language skills through reading, writing and speaking using one to one and small group instruction.

1925 LEARNING SUPPORT MATHEMATICS
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH       PREREQUISITE                                CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
     Unre.     1 sem             IEP                                      1             1.0          9-12

       Activities and content in this class are also determined by the Individualized Education Program and
    may be remedial and/or may parallel the general education mathematics program.

1930 LEARNING SUPPORT SCIENCE
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem               IEP                                    1             1.0          9-12

        This course is designed for the learning support student who requires specialized instruction in order
    to achieve success with science content. Units will be chosen from both the physical and life sciences.
    Activities will focus on research skills, writing skills and study skills. Some content will be similar to the
    general education classes of the student's grade level placement. Some content will be life skills oriented.

1935 LEARNING SUPPORT SOCIAL STUDIES
   LEVEL CLASS LENGTH         PREREQUISITE                              CREDIT        WEIGHT        GRADE
    Unre.      1 sem               IEP                                    1             1.0          9-12

        This course is designed for the learning support student in need of specialized instruction to be
    successful in a social studies class. Some of the content will include Civics, current events and geography.
    The majority of the content will be closely related to the general education classes of the student’s grade
    level.




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