Docstoc

How to Implement an Employee Training Program

Document Sample
How to Implement an Employee Training Program Powered By Docstoc
					CLARK COUNTY UTILITIES
 Storm Water Management Plan-
       Employee Training
        September 2004
SW WWTP Aerial View
Why an Employee training program for
storm water?

   Required by General Permit for Industrial
    Stormwater for County’s Southwest WWTP
   And Phase 2 NPDES Storm water Permit for
    Clark County
Why an Employee training program for
storm water?

   Required by General Permit for Industrial
    Stormwater for County’s Southwest WWTP
   And Phase 2 NPDES Storm water Permit for
    Clark County
      Why an Industrial Permit for
       Stormwater at WWWTP?

If the lift station fails at the oxidation ditch,
  the overflow discharges directly to the
  creek, triggering need for coverage under
  Industrial Permit.
                              The Feds get involved

In response to the pollution hazards caused by storm water runoff, the Environmental Protection
Agency passed Phase II of the federal Clean Water Act. To comply with this regulation, the Board
of Miami County Commissioners and other political subdivisions have coordinated efforts to
develop Storm water Management Programs so that pollution caused by runoff in Miami County
can be minimized as much as possible.
The Storm Water Management Program consists of the following six components, which are
targeted for implementation by the end of 2007:

                                            1.   Public Education/Outreach on Storm Water Impacts
                                            2.   Public Involvement/Participation
                                            3.   Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination
                                            4.   Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control
                                            5.   Post-Construction Storm Water Management
                                            6.   Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping
                                                 for Municipal Operations
               Where does storm water runoff go?



                        Commercial
 Residential            Development
Development


                                          Water Treatment Plant
                What is a watershed?


A watershed is all the land area that drains to a given body of water.




                WE ALL LIVE IN A WATERSHED
CCUD Stormwater Permit
timetable:

   Permit issued March 2003
   Required Stormwater Management Plan
    by March 2004
   Permit requires full implementation of
    Plan by September 2004 (including
    employee training program)
Employee Training Modules:
1. Awareness level – what is
 stormwater pollution? What are the
 causes? Why is it important to address
 it?

2. Detailed training required to
  implement WWTP stormwater plan.
What does the Employee Need to Know
for Industrial Permit?
   Overview of permit
   Goals of Stormwater Management Plan
   Pollution Prevention (P2)/ Good
    Housekeeping
   Preventive Maintenance practices
   Spill Prevention and Response
What Does Employee Need to Know
Cont’d
   How to conduct inspections
   Performing inspection follow-up
   Reporting and recordkeeping
   Procedures, Maintenance and Inspection of
    site specific areas
A Guide to Understanding Storm Water Runoff
                       So what’s the big deal?


As storm water flows over driveways, lawns, and sidewalks, it picks up debris, chemicals,
dirt, and other pollutants, and empties into a storm water collection system.
Anything that enters a storm water collection system is discharged untreated into the
lakes and rivers we use for swimming, fishing, and providing drinking water.

                                          Now that point-source pollution has been
                                          remediated, polluted runoff currently
                                          ranks as one of the nation’s greatest
                                          threats to clean water.
What’s in the SWMP?

1.Identify team and responsibilities
2.Description of potential pollution sources
  which could contaminate storm water.
          What’s in a SWMP?

3. A Site Map showing:
-outline of drainage area for each outfall
-existing structural control measures
-surface water
-locations where significant materials are
   exposed to precipitation
-locations where major spills occurred
SITE MAP CONTD:
  Locations of these activities which are exposed to
  precipitation:

        fueling stations, vehicle and equipment
  maintenance or cleaning, loading/unloading, locations for
  treatment, storage or disposal of wastes, liquid storage
  tanks, processing and storage areas


A flow direction and types of pollutants that could
  contaminate runoff.
What’s in a SWMP?

  4. Inventory of materials that potentially
  could be exposed to precipitation.
  Include where materials were handled,
  treated, stored, or disposed that were
  exposed to storm water in last 3 years.
What’s in a SWMP?



  5. List of significant spills and leaks of
  toxic or hazardous pollutants in last 3
  years.
What’s in a SWMP?


  6. Risk identification and narrative –
  show inventory of materials with potential
  to contaminate storm water.
What’s in a SWMP?
7. Measures and Controls

  Good Housekeeping – maintain clean,
  orderly facility

  Preventive Maintenance – inspection
  and maintenance of storm water devices,
  inspecting and testing equipment and
  systems, perform proper maintenance
               So what can Average Joe Employee do?


If each of us does our small part in preventing storm water pollution, the results
will be significant. There’s a part we can play in each of the following areas:

           Household Waste Disposal
           Lawn Care
           Auto Care


           Water Conservation
Measures and Controls
Contd:

  Spill Prevention and Response –
  identify areas where spills can occur, list
  material handling procedures, storage
  requirements, procedures for cleaning up
  spills, have necessary equipment for
  clean up.
Measures and Controls
Contd:

  Inspections -inspect designated
  equipment and areas at appropriate
  intervals. Must have tracking systems
  and follow up on items found in
  inspections, must keep records
Measures and Controls
Contd:
  Employee Training – inform employees of
  responsibilities and goals of plan, provide
  training on spill response, good housekeeping,
  materials management, specify periodic dates.

  Contractor Training – not required but is
  advisable

  Recordkeeping and Internal Reporting –
  keep records of spills, other discharges,
  inspections and maintenance.
Measures and Controls
Contd:

  Plan must include certification that the
  facility was evaluated for non-storm water
  discharges.

  List any non-storm water sources and
  identify pollution prevention practices.
8. Perform a Comprehensive
Site Evaluation
Conduct at least yearly

Visually inspect material handling areas for
potential sources of pollution

Observe catch basins, swales

Visual inspection of equipment needed to
implement the plan.
Perform a Comprehensive
Site Evaluation Contd:

 Make any necessary revisions to plan within 2
 weeks following the site evaluation

 Timely implement any changes needed, but no
 later than 12 weeks after site evaluation.

  Prepare summary report of site evaluation with
  signature.
Insecticides, pesticides, paint, solvents, used motor oil and other auto fluids can
poison aquatic life. Land animals and people can become sick from eating diseased
fish or ingesting polluted water.
9. Records Retention


  Retain plan for life of permit

  Keep reports and records for minimum 6
  years.
10. Plan Updates


  Plan must be updated for any change in
  design, construction, operation or
  maintenance which has significant effect
  on, or the potential for discharge of
  pollutants in storm water, of if the plan is
  ineffective in minimizing storm water
  pollutants
11. Duty to Comply

  Permittee (the County) must implement the
  measures in the Plan

  Permittee must comply with all conditions of the
  Permit.

  Duty to take action to minimize effects of a spill
  or accident (duty to mitigate)
Duty to Comply Contd:


  Duty to provide information to Ohio EPA
  if requested

  Duty to perform proper operation and
  maintenance
If left uncontrolled, these pollutants can:
PROPER MATERIALS
INVENTORY

 OBJECTIVE: To identify all significant
  materials which may be exposed to
  precipitation.
PROPER MATERIALS
INVENTORY

  Significant materials means process
  chemicals, raw materials, fuels,
  pesticides, or other toxic materials.
PROPER MATERIALS
INVENTORY CONTD:
SW WWTP sources include:
   Raw or partially treated wastewater
   Biosolids
   Chlorine
   Diesel fuel
   Used motor oil and antifreeze
   Hydrofluoric acid
   Hydrogen peroxide
PROPER MATERIALS
INVENTORY CONTD:


 Materials inventory is an ongoing
 process

  Records must be continually updated
Steps to conduct Materials
Inventory:


  Identify all chemical substances in the
  workplace

  Walk through the plant
Steps to Conduct Materials
Inventory


 Review purchase orders from previous
  year

 Compile MSDS for each chemical
Steps to Conduct Materials
Inventory
  Label all containers to show name and type of
  substance, stock number, expiration date,
  health hazards, handling instructions. (Much of
  this was done for the Hazard Communication
  Plan)

  Clearly mark on the inventory which hazardous
  materials require special handling, storage or
  disposal techniques.
Using the Materials
Inventory


  Identify which items were exposed to
  precipitation in the last 3 years

  Identify steps that can be taken to
  eliminate possible exposure to storm
  water
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE =

A BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICE



The Great Miami River Watershed
Possible pollutants in storm water:
VISUAL INSPECTION

 Visual inspection is a Best Management
 Practice (BMP )which may identify a
 variety of problems.
 Used to:
  Look at runoff for signs of contamination
  Look at outfalls in dry weather for signs of
    contamination .
  Look at storage areas for leaks or stains
VISUAL INSPECTION

 Wet weather inspections should be conducted
 during the first hour of a storm event. Look for
 presence of:
     Floating or suspended material
     Oil and grease
     Discoloration
     Turbidity
     Foam
     Odor
Visual Inspections


  Dry weather inspections of outfalls:
      Look for stains, sludge, odor or abnormal
       conditions
  Inspection frequency should be done
  monthly, and cover both wet and dry
  conditions.
     Visual Inspections
    Visual inspection of storage and processing
    areas in the plant, focus on:
   Storage areas
   Loading and unloading areas
   Pipes, pumps, valves, fittings
   Tanks – look for signs of corrosion inside and
    outside tanks Inspect foundation for
    deterioration
   Containment areas
   Shipping containers
Visual Inspections

 In process areas look for:

 Leaks, seepage
 Overflows from treatment tanks
 Overflows, spillage from digesters, drying
  beds
Visual Inspections
In outfall, look for:
 Odor of oil, gasoline, solvent, decomposing
  wastes
 Color,
 Turbidity
 Deposits and stains
 Vegetation – increased growth or inhibited
  growth
 Structural damage to an outfall
 Visual Inspections



Recordkeeping

Record names of inspectors, date,
observations – see form
                How groundcover affects the amount of storm water runoff



                  40% evaporation                            30% evaporation



                  10%                                       55%
                 runoff                                    runoff


25% shallow                                10% shallow
 infiltration                               infiltration
                           25% deep                                     5% deep
                           infiltration                                infiltration
Natural Ground Cover                      75% - 100% Impervious Cover
INSPECTIONS FOR NON-STORM WATER
  DISCHARGES TO STORM SEWERS

PURPOSE: to determine if there are any
 non-storm water discharges to storm
 sewers
   Inspections for Non-
storm water discharges

 Sources of non-storm water discharges
 may include:
    dry weather discharges occurring in warm
     months and in cold months, and during
     snowmelts.
 Inspectors may find illicit point source
 outfalls that do not carry storm water.
                               Auto Care

    Wash your car at a commercial car wash that treats its wastewater, or wash your
vehicle on your yard so the water infiltrates into the ground rather than entering the
storm drain .
    Repair leaks promptly and dispose of used auto fluids and batteries at designated
drop-off or recycling locations.
Inspections for Non-storm
water discharges
 Inspection methods:

 Perform visual inspection
      observe all discharge points during dry weather
      look for stains, smudges, odors, other abnormal conditions

 Review maps of sanitary sewers and storm sewers

 Perform dye testing, input dye in sanitary sewer, look for dye tracing
   in storm outfall

 Sampling and chemical analysis is not required by SW WWTP permit
Inspections for Non-storm
water discharges
 At least annually, inspect for non-storm
 water discharges

 And, after any building addition

 And, after any plant changes
  Test Your
                  H2O          Knowledge


 How many gallons of river water can be polluted
         by one quart of motor oil?



2,500 gallons of water can
   be contaminated by a
    single quart of oil.
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE (PM)

 Preventive Maintenance is a Best
 Management Practice (BMP)

 PM involves the regular inspection,
 testing, and replacement or repair of
 equipment and operational systems.
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
 A PM program can prevent breakdowns and
 failures through adjustments, repairs or
 replacement of equipment before a major
 failure occurs.

 PM includes maintenance on storm water
 catch basins, and spill containment areas, as
 well as maintenance on equipment in the
 WWTP.
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE

 Purpose of PM is to prevent problems
 before they occur.

 Prevent spills and leaks.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

          • Good Housekeeping
          • Proper Storage and Disposal
          • Vehicle and Equipment Maintenance
            and Washing
          • Spill Containment and Emergency
            Response
          • Employee Education and Training
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE

 Cost savings may result from PM due to
 avoiding costs of a system breakdown

 Reduce chance of having to pay a high clean
 up bill from a spill

 Limitations: cost, trained staff, management
 direction
Key elements of PM:

  Identify equip or systems that may malfunction
  and cause spill or contamination (Examples:
  pipes, pumps, storage tanks, process
  equipment, storm water control facilities.)

  Establish schedules and procedures for routine
  inspections

  Periodic testing of plant equip
Key elements of PM
Contd:

  Prompt repair and replacement of defective
  equip

  Spare parts inventory

  Organized recordkeeping

  Commitment to inspections, recordkeeping,
  and follow up.
SW WWTP Aerial View
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
IMPLEMENTATION

 Continual updating of records

 Commitment to inspections

 Staff input and feedback

 Annual review of records
Insecticides, pesticides, paint, solvents, used motor oil and other auto fluids can
poison aquatic life. Land animals and people can become sick from eating diseased
fish or ingesting polluted water.
P2/Good Housekeeping for Public
      Sector Operations


Maintain a neat and orderly workplace
Sweep up spills as they happen
Perform vehicle maintenance with
pollution prevention in mind
    P2/Good Housekeeping

Pick up debris and dispose of properly
Recycle or properly dispose of used oils,
chemicals, etc.
Practice pollution prevention in lawn care-
keep grass clippings out of waterways
               Where does storm water runoff go?



                        Commercial
 Residential            Development
Development


                                          Water Treatment Plant
SPILL RESPONSE AND
PREVENTION PLAN
(SRPP)
 OBJECTIVE: to develop a Spill Response and
 Prevention Plan and to train employees to:

1) proactively take steps to prevent spills to the
     storm sewer system:

2) quickly respond to spill events in order to
     minimize potential damage to the
     environment.
SPILL RESPONSE AND
PREVENTION PLAN KEY
COMPONENTS

 Instructions for spill clean up
 Standardized procedures for materials
  handling
 Evaluation of past spills for methods of
  prevention
 Employee training
SPILL RESPONSE AND
PREVENTION PLAN
 Before developing a Spill Response and
  Prevention Plan:
 Conduct materials inventory
 Evaluate past spills – what caused the
  spill?
 Identify non-storm water discharges
 Summarize findings
SPILL RESPONSE
PROCEDURES
 - - - - - OVERVIEW - - - - - - - - -
 Stop the source of the spill
 Contain the spill
 Clean up the spill
 Properly dispose of contaminated
   materials
 Conduct training to prevent and control
   future spills
                        No man is an island…

What happens at our location in the watershed, either positive or negative, has a
ripple effect on those who live “downstream” from us in the watershed.
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:
    Is an employee in immediate danger of
     severe bodily injury?
           Leave the site and call Supervisor
     immediately!!
    Stop the source of the spill.
         If you can’t do this by yourself, call
     Supervisor immediately!!
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:
    How large is the spill?
       If you believe the spill may leave the
     plant site, call Supervisor immediately!!
    Stop the source of the spill, and call the
     Supervisor.
    Contain the spill:
        Place barriers at drains and at doorways
        If the spill escapes, place barriers at the
         next control point downstream
SW WWTP Aerial View
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:
     Assess severity of spill

 a.   Did spill reach the plant sewer system?
 b.   Could the spilled material harm the WWTP treatment
      processes?
 c.   Is it necessary to shut off the influent screw pumps to
      protect the WWTP?
 d.   Are the barriers effective in containing the spill? If
      not, move downstream to place new barriers.
 e.   Determine what materials or methods should be
      used for clean up.
 f.   Determine if you will need the Vactor truck.
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:
        Clean up the spill
        For dry chemicals, use brooms, shovel, sweeper or plow
        For liquid spills:
           Shop Vac
           Vactor truck
           Sorbents – used to immobilize materials
           Gels- interact with spill liquid to concentrate and congeal the
            substance
           Foams – used to control rate of evaporation
           Do not use emulsifiers or dispersants
           Have small bags of absorbent in fueling areas with small drums for
            storage
           Absorbents should be swept up, not washed down drains
           Keep emergency containment and clean up kits available
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:

   Properly dispose of contaminated
    materials
   Fill out reports
SPILL RESPONSE, step by
step:
    Post Incident Steps
    Investigate
    Evaluate
    Consider preventive measures
    Modify Spill Plan if necessary
    Replace inventory of sorbents, gels, etc if necessary
    Incorporate lessons learned into Employee Training
    Update Plan when a new chemical is introduced or
     plant modifications warrant an update.
                     What is Storm Water Runoff?

Storm water runoff occurs when precipitation from rain or snowmelt flows over
the ground. Impervious surfaces like driveways, sidewalks, and streets can
prevent storm water from naturally soaking into the ground. Consequently, the
water “runs off” into a catch basin, a side ditch, or some other storm water
collection system that transports the water directly to a river or lake.
Preventing a spill is much less trouble
   than dealing with a spill!!
SPILL PREVENTION PLAN

 Plan Contents:
   Description of facility and list of chemicals
    used
   Site plan showing:
      storm drains, outfalls, collection basins
      spill prevention devices,
      swales, adjacent water bodies
      locations of processing areas
      areas with spill potential
SPILL PREVENTION PLAN

    Notification procedures
    List key personnel and phone numbers
    Clean up procedures
    List of designated employees with
     specific responsibilities
   REMEMBER –

A forgotten spill in dry weather
contributes to polluted runoff
when it rains.
                 And, most importantly…

Use our recreational water resources (fish, canoe, hike, camp, etc.)
Summary of Steps to
  Evaluate for Prevention
  Potential
  Evaluate possibilities for spill prevention
  Consider using chemicals that are nontoxic or less
   hazardous
  Consider containment dikes or other secondary
   containment structures
  Consider curbs around small areas with spill potential
  Consider isolation valve in Catch Basin next to
   oxidation ditch
  Consider isolation valve in plant storm sewer upstream
   of plant influent
  Consider spill curtains around digester tanks
SPILL PREVENTION PLAN

    List objectives for employee training
     and refresher training
    Summary of the plan to post in Admin
     building and in each area with high spill
     potential
    Update the plan when a new chemical
     is introduced or plant modifications
     warrant an update.
SW WWTP Aerial View

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: How to Implement an Employee Training Program document sample