Hawaiian Birth Certificates by pkp11662

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									Table 6. Prenatal care for live births, according to detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States,
selected years 1970-2001

(Data are based on birth certificates)

        Prenatal care, race,
   and Hispanic origin of mother           1970    1975      1980     1981      1982     1983      1984       1985      1986     1987      1988   1989   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998

        Prenatal care began
        during 1st trimester                                                                              Percent of live births1/

All races...............................   68.0    72.4      76.3     76.3      76.1     76.2      76.5       76.2      75.9     76.0      75.9   75.5   75.8   76.2   77.7   78.9   80.2   81.3   81.9   82.5   82.8

White...................................   72.3    75.8      79.2     79.3      79.2     79.3      79.6       79.3      79.1     79.3      79.3   78.9   79.2   79.5   80.8   81.8   82.8   83.6   84.0   84.7   84.8
Black or African American...............   44.2    55.5      62.4     62.1      61.1     61.2      61.9       61.5      61.2     60.8      60.7   60.0   60.6   61.9   63.9   66.0   68.3   70.4   71.4   72.3   73.3
American Indian or Alaska Native........   38.2    45.4      55.8     56.6      57.7     56.6      57.4       57.5      58.2     57.6      58.1   57.9   57.9   59.9   62.1   63.4   65.2   66.7   67.7   68.1   68.8
Asian or Pacific Islander...............    ---     ---      73.7     73.2      73.3     73.9      74.7       74.1      74.9     75.0      75.5   74.8   75.1   75.3   76.6   77.6   79.7   79.9   81.2   82.1   83.1
  Chinese...............................   71.8    76.7      82.6     82.6      81.9     80.4      81.5       82.0      82.2     81.5      82.3   81.5   81.3   82.3   83.8   84.6   86.2   85.7   86.8   87.4   88.5
  Japanese..............................   78.1    82.7      86.1     85.2      85.6     86.6      87.0       84.7      85.7     86.6      86.3   86.2   87.0   87.7   88.2   87.2   89.2   89.7   89.3   89.3   90.2
  Filipino..............................   60.6    70.6      77.3     77.5      76.8     77.4      77.8       76.5      78.2     77.9      78.4   77.6   77.1   77.1   78.7   79.3   81.3   80.9   82.5   83.3   84.2
  Hawaiian..............................    ---     ---      68.8      ---       ---      ---       ---       67.7       ---      ---      65.5   66.8   65.8   68.1   69.9   70.6   77.0   75.9   78.5   78.0   78.8
  Other Asian or Pacific Islander.......    ---     ---      67.4      ---       ---      ---       ---       69.9       ---      ---      71.9   71.1   71.9   71.9   72.8   74.4   76.2   77.0   78.4   79.7   80.9

Hispanic or Latino2/....................    ---     ---      60.2     60.6      61.0     61.0      61.5       61.2      60.3     61.0      61.3   59.5   60.2   61.0   64.2   66.6   68.9   70.8   72.2   73.7   74.3
  Mexican...............................    ---     ---      59.6     60.1      60.7     60.2      60.4       60.0      58.9     60.0      58.3   56.7   57.8   58.7   62.1   64.8   67.3   69.1   70.7   72.1   72.8
  Puerto Rican..........................    ---     ---      55.1     54.2      54.5     55.1      57.4       58.3      57.2     57.4      63.2   62.7   63.5   65.0   67.8   70.0   71.7   74.0   75.0   76.5   76.9
  Cuban.................................    ---     ---      82.7     80.1      79.3     81.2      82.2       82.5      81.8     83.1      83.4   83.2   84.8   85.4   86.8   88.9   90.1   89.2   89.2   90.4   91.8
  Central and South American............    ---     ---      58.8     58.3      58.5     59.3      61.1       60.6      58.8     59.1      62.8   60.8   61.5   63.4   66.8   68.7   71.2   73.2   75.0   76.9   78.0
  Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino..    ---     ---      66.4     66.9      66.0     66.6      66.7       65.8      66.6     65.5      67.3   66.0   66.4   65.6   68.0   70.0   72.1   74.3   74.6   76.0   74.8
Not Hispanic or Latino:2/
  White.................................    ---     ---      81.2     81.3      81.1     81.3      81.6       81.4      81.5     81.7      81.8   82.7   83.3   83.7   84.9   85.6   86.5   87.1   87.4   87.9   87.9
  Black or African American.............    ---     ---      60.7     60.7      59.7     59.9      60.6       60.1      60.1     60.0      60.4   59.9   60.7   61.9   64.0   66.1   68.3   70.4   71.5   72.3   73.3

     Prenatal care began during
  3d trimester or no prenatal care

All races...............................    7.9     6.0       5.1      5.2       5.5      5.6       5.6         5.7      6.0         6.1    6.1    6.4    6.1    5.8    5.2    4.8    4.4    4.2    4.0    3.9    3.9

White...................................    6.3     5.0       4.3      4.3       4.5      4.6       4.7        4.8       5.0      5.0       5.0    5.2    4.9    4.7    4.2    3.9    3.6    3.5    3.3    3.2    3.3
Black or African American...............   16.6    10.5       8.9      9.2       9.7      9.8       9.7       10.2      10.7     11.2      11.0   11.9   11.3   10.7    9.9    9.0    8.2    7.6    7.3    7.3    7.0
American Indian or Alaska Native........   28.9    22.4      15.2     14.7      14.0     14.4      13.8       12.9      12.9     13.1      13.2   13.4   12.9   12.2   11.0   10.3    9.8    9.5    8.6    8.6    8.5
Asian or Pacific Islander...............    ---     ---       6.5      6.6       6.6      6.5       6.4        6.5       6.2      6.3       5.9    6.1    5.8    5.7    4.9    4.6    4.1    4.3    3.9    3.8    3.6
  Chinese...............................    6.5     4.4       3.7      3.8       3.5      4.6       4.2        4.4       4.2      4.2       3.4    3.6    3.4    3.4    2.9    2.9    2.7    3.0    2.5    2.4    2.2
  Japanese..............................    4.1     2.7       2.1      2.5       2.5      2.4       2.6        3.1       3.1      2.8       3.3    2.7    2.9    2.5    2.4    2.8    1.9    2.3    2.2    2.7    2.1
  Filipino..............................    7.2     4.1       4.0      3.6       3.8      4.1       4.3        4.8       4.5      4.9       4.8    4.7    4.5    5.0    4.3    4.0    3.6    4.1    3.3    3.3    3.1
  Hawaiian..............................    ---     ---       6.7      ---       ---      ---       ---        7.4       ---      ---       7.6    8.7    8.7    7.5    7.0    6.7    4.7    5.1    5.0    5.4    4.7
  Other Asian or Pacific Islander.......    ---     ---       9.3      ---       ---      ---       ---        8.2       ---      ---       7.3    7.5    7.1    6.8    5.9    5.4    4.8    5.0    4.6    4.4    4.2

Hispanic or Latino2/....................    ---     ---      12.0     11.6      12.1     12.5      12.6       12.4      13.0     12.7      12.1   13.0   12.0   11.0    9.5    8.8    7.6    7.4    6.7    6.2    6.3
  Mexican...............................    ---     ---      11.8     11.6      12.0     12.7      13.0       12.9      13.4     13.0      13.9   14.6   13.2   12.2   10.5    9.7    8.3    8.1    7.2    6.7    6.8
  Puerto Rican..........................    ---     ---      16.2     15.8      17.2     17.4      16.3       15.5      17.4     17.1      10.2   11.3   10.6    9.1    8.0    7.1    6.5    5.5    5.7    5.4    5.1
  Cuban.................................    ---     ---       3.9      4.2       4.9      4.0       4.0        3.7       4.2      3.9       3.6    4.0    2.8    2.4    2.1    1.8    1.6    2.1    1.6    1.5    1.2
  Central and South American............    ---     ---      13.1     12.4      13.4     13.3      12.6       12.5      13.8     13.5       9.9   11.9   10.9    9.5    7.9    7.3    6.5    6.1    5.5    5.0    4.9
  Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino..    ---     ---       9.2      8.3       9.3      9.0       9.1        9.4       9.0      9.3       8.8    9.3    8.5    8.2    7.5    7.0    6.2    6.0    5.9    5.3    6.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:2/
  White.................................    ---     ---       3.5      3.6       3.8      3.9       3.9        4.0       4.1      4.1       4.1    3.7    3.4    3.2    2.8    2.7    2.5    2.5    2.4    2.4    2.4
  Black or African American.............    ---     ---       9.7      9.9      10.6     10.7      10.6       10.9      11.4     11.8      11.0   12.0   11.2   10.7    9.8    9.0    8.2    7.6    7.3    7.3    7.0

---Data not available.
1/Excludes live births for whom trimester when prenatal care began is unknown.
2/Prior to 1993, data from States lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the birth certificate were excluded (see
Appendix II, Hispanic origin).

NOTES: Data for 1970 and 1975 exclude births that occurred in States not
reporting prenatal care. The race groups, white, black,
American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander,
include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.
Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration expansion of reporting areas and immigration.
See Appendix II, Hispanic origin and Prenatal care.
Data for additional years are available (see Appendix III).

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics,
National Vital Statistics System, Birth File.
Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Ventura SJ, Menacker F, Park MM, Sutton PD.
Births: Final Data for 2001. National vital statistics
reports; vol 51, no 2. Hyattsville, Maryland:
National Center for Health Statistics, 2002;
Births: Final data for each data year 1997-2000. National vital statistics
reports. Hyattsville, Maryland;
Final natality statistics for each data year 1970-96. Monthly vital statistics
report. Hyattsville, Maryland.
1999   2000   2001




83.2   83.2   83.4

85.1   85.0   85.2
74.1   74.3   74.5
69.5   69.3   69.3
83.7   84.0   84.0
88.5   87.6   87.0
90.7   91.0   90.1
84.2   84.9   85.0
79.6   79.9   79.1
81.8   82.5   82.7

74.4   74.4   75.7
73.1   72.9   74.6
77.7   78.5   79.1
91.4   91.7   91.8
77.6   77.6   77.4
74.8   75.8   77.3

88.4   88.5   88.5
74.1   74.3   74.5




 3.8    3.9    3.7

 3.2    3.3    3.2
 6.6    6.7    6.5
 8.2    8.6    8.2
 3.5    3.3    3.4
 2.0    2.2    2.4
 2.1    1.8    2.0
 2.8    3.0    3.0
 4.0    4.2    4.8
 4.1    3.8    3.8

 6.3    6.3    5.9
 6.7    6.9    6.2
 5.0    4.5    4.6
 1.4    1.4    1.3
 5.2    5.4    5.7
 6.3    5.9    5.4

 2.3    2.3    2.2
 6.6    6.7    6.5

								
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