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Armistice Agreement

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					Write the definition for the following words in the spaces provided. You
will find the definitions in your textbook, in your review book or in your
notes. There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on
this list.

1


2 Peons


3 Peninsulares


4 Louis Philippe


5 Miguel Hidalgo


6 Simon Bolivar


7 Agustin de Iturbide


8 Jose SanMartin


9 Monroe Doctrine
# Mestizos


#


#


#


#


#


#
     There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this list. You may be asked to add
     words to the bottom of this list and look up the definitions. :)



1    Divine Right                         idea that God gave power to rule to the King



2    Absolute Monarchy                    System of government where a monarch, a hereditary ruler, has
                                          complete power


3    Habeas Corpus Act                    Act stating a person arrested has the right what they are charged
                                          with and the right to a speedy trail


4    English Bill of Rights               1689 document that gave more power to Parliament and limited the
                                          power to the monarch, signed by William and Mary, result of the
                                          Glorious Revolution - guaranteed rights of citizens
5    Limited Monarchy                     system of government where the monarchs power is limited usually by
                                          a constitution or a law making body ex. Parliament


6    Due Process of Law                   The process of the justice system



7    Evolution                            Change taking place over a long period of time Ex. English Revolution



8    Magna Carta                          1215 document which limited power of the monarch, the king could
                                          not raise taxes without the consent of the Great Council(made up of
                                          lords) and trial by peers
9    Petition of Rights                   Limited power of the monarch 1600's Charles I could not raise taxes
                                          without consent of Parliament


10 Age of Enlightenment                   According to Kant: The period which man emerged from his self
                                          imposed immaturity. People rejected traditional ideas and supported a
                                          belief in human reason and natural rights, man questioned existing
                                          system of government
11   Revolution                           A sudden, radical, or complete change, a fundamental change in
                                          political organization; especially : the overthrow or removal of one
                                          government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed
12 Estates                               Social classes in France at the time of the Revlotuion, 1st, 2nd, 3rd



13 Bourgeoisie                           middle class that emerged in the 3rd estate, mostly wealthy
                                         merchants, bankers and manufacturers, they were the leaders of the
                                         Revolution
14 Coup d' etat                          Revolt by a small group intended to over throw of the existing
                                         government


15 Old Regime                            The government of Louis XVI of France before the revolution



16 Balance of power                      equal distribution of political and economic power that prevents
                                         anyone nation from becoming too strong. Equal power within a
                                         government,sharing power ex. 3 branches of Government in USA

17 Guillotine                            Machine invented during the French Revolutionary period used to cut
                                         off a person's head.


18 Reign of Terror                       a period of the French Revolution that when mass executions of
                                         political suspects (enemies of the Revolution) took place

19 National Assembly                     group formed of mostly members of the 3rd estate in France in 1789
                                         to write a new constitution, adopted the Declaration of the Rights of
                                         Man and reformed the legal system

20 Directory                             A committee of 5 members governed France after the Reign of
                                         Terror, they proved to be corrupt and inefficient


21 Royalists                             Those who favored the King (nobles, and in France Roman Catholics, in
                                         England members of the Church of England)


22 Napoleon Bonaparte                    General who established a military dictatorship over France, became
                                         Frances 1st Emperor in 1804, made France the most powerful nation
                                         in Europe.

23 First, Second, Third Estate, middle   1st Estate = upper nobility and clergy, 2nd Estate = nobility, 3rd
    class - who makes up each group?     Estate = commoners, merchants, bankers, farmers, artisans, peasants
                                         Middle class = a group that rose to the top of the 3rd estate made up
                                         of merchants, bankers, manufactures well educated


24 Declaration of the Rights of Man      Provided France with such basic rights as freedom of speech,
                                         religion, and the press. It also guaranteed the right of the people to
                                         participate in the government of France. It was patterned after the
                                         US Declaration of Independence.
25 Committee of Public Safety   Directed the government after the execution of Louis XVI, led by
                                the Jacobins. The leader of the committee was Robespierre. The
                                committee began a Reign of Terror.

26 Maximilien Robspierre        Leader of the Committee of Public Safety, ruled during the Reign of
                                Terror. His death signaled the end of the Reign of Terror


27 Legitimacy                   A principle supported by the leaders of the Congress of Vienna that
                                the royal families who had ruled before the French Revolution should
                                be restored to power. They were the rightful rulers.

28 Congress of Vienna           Meeting held after Napoleon's rule to restore boundaries and order
                                to Europe, established the policy of Legitimacy


29 Estates General              Legistative body in France made up of the 1st Estate=300 members,
                                2nd Estate = 300 members and the 3rd Estate = 600 members. Each
                                estate had 1 vote.

30


31


32


33


34


35


36


37
     There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this list. You may be asked to add
     words to the bottom of this list and look up the definitions. :)



1    Divine Right                         idea that God gave power to rule to the King



2    Absolute Monarchy                    System of government where a monarch, a hereditary ruler, has
                                          complete power


3    Habeas Corpus Act                    Act stating a person arrested has the right what they are charged
                                          with and the right to a speedy trail


4    English Bill of Rights               1689 document that gave more power to Parliament and limited the
                                          power to the monarch, signed by William and Mary, result of the
                                          Glorious Revolution - guaranteed rights of citizens
5    Limited Monarchy                     system of government where the monarchs power is limited usually by
                                          a constitution or a law making body ex. Parliament


6    Due Process of Law                   The process of the justice system



7    Evolution                            Change taking place over a long period of time Ex. English Revolution



8    Magna Carta                          1215 document which limited power of the monarch, the king could
                                          not raise taxes without the consent of the Great Council(made up of
                                          lords) and trial by peers
9    Petition of Rights                   Limited power of the monarch 1600's Charles I could not raise taxes
                                          without consent of Parliament


10 Age of Enlightenment                   According to Kant: The period which man emerged from his self
                                          imposed immaturity. People rejected traditional ideas and supported a
                                          belief in human reason and natural rights, man questioned existing
                                          system of government
11   Revolution                           A sudden, radical, or complete change, a fundamental change in
                                          political organization; especially : the overthrow or removal of one
                                          government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed
12 Estates                               Social classes in France at the time of the Revlotuion, 1st, 2nd, 3rd



13 Bourgeoisie                           middle class that emerged in the 3rd estate, mostly wealthy
                                         merchants, bankers and manufacturers, they were the leaders of the
                                         Revolution
14 Coup d' etat                          Revolt by a small group intended to over throw of the existing
                                         government


15 Old Regime                            The government of Louis XVI of France before the revolution



16 Balance of power                      equal distribution of political and economic power that prevents
                                         anyone nation from becoming too strong. Equal power within a
                                         government,sharing power ex. 3 branches of Government in USA

17 Guillotine                            Machine invented during the French Revolutionary period used to cut
                                         off a person's head.


18 Reign of Terror                       a period of the French Revolution that when mass executions of
                                         political suspects (enemies of the Revolution) took place

19 National Assembly                     group formed of mostly members of the 3rd estate in France in 1789
                                         to write a new constitution, adopted the Declaration of the Rights of
                                         Man and reformed the legal system

20 Directory                             A committee of 5 members governed France after the Reign of
                                         Terror, they proved to be corrupt and inefficient


21 Royalists                             Those who favored the King (nobles, and in France Roman Catholics, in
                                         England members of the Church of England)


22 Napoleon Bonaparte                    General who established a military dictatorship over France, became
                                         Frances 1st Emperor in 1804, made France the most powerful nation
                                         in Europe.

23 First, Second, Third Estate, middle   1st Estate = upper nobility and clergy, 2nd Estate = nobility, 3rd
    class - who makes up each group?     Estate = commoners, merchants, bankers, farmers, artisans, peasants
                                         Middle class = a group that rose to the top of the 3rd estate made up
                                         of merchants, bankers, manufactures well educated and wealthy


24 Declaration of the Rights of Man      Provided France with such basic rights as freedom of speech,
                                         religion, and the press. It also guaranteed the right of the people to
                                         participate in the government of France. It was patterned after the
                                         US Declaration of Independence.
25 Committee of Public Safety   Directed the government after the execution of Louis XVI, led by
                                the Jacobins. The leader of the committee was Robespierre. The
                                committee began a Reign of Terror.

26 Maximilien Robspierre        Leader of the Committee of Public Safety, ruled during the Reign of
                                Terror. His death signaled the end of the Reign of Terror


27 Legitimacy                   A principle supported by the leaders of the Congress of Vienna that
                                the royal families who had ruled before the French Revolution should
                                be restored to power. They were the rightful rulers.

28 Congress of Vienna           Meeting held after Napoleon's rule to restore boundaries and order
                                to Europe, established the policy of Legitimacy


29 Estates General              Legistative body in France made up of the 1st Estate=300 members,
                                2nd Estate = 300 members and the 3rd Estate = 600 members. Each
                                estate had 1 vote.

30


31


32


33


34


35


36


37
1   Bourgeoisie
2   Divine Right
3   Magna Carta
4   Estates
5   English Bill of Rights
6   Petition of Rights
7   Coup d'etat
8   Old Regime
9   Habeas Corpus Act
10 Absolute Monarchy

11 Due Process of the Law

12 Evolution

13 Enlightenment

14 Revolution

15 Limited Monarchy
     1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14
     1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15
                                                          Word Bank
     Divine Right                           Magna Carta                                  Old Regime
     Absolute Monarchy                      Petition of Rights                         Coup d' etat
     Habeas Corpus Act                      Age of Enlightenment                      Evolution
     English Bill of Rights                 Revolution                                  Bourgeoisie
     Limited Monarchy                       Estates                                        Due Process of Law

1    middle class that emerged in the 3rd estate, mostly wealthy merchants, bankers and manufacturers, they were
     the leaders of the Revolution

2    idea that God gave power to rule to the King

3    1215 document which limited power of the monarch, the king could not raise taxes without the consent of the
     Great Council(made up of lords) and trial by peers

4    Social classes in France at the time of the Revlotuion, 1st, 2nd, 3rd


5    1689 document that gave more power to Parliament and limited the power to the monarch, signed by William and
     Mary, result of the Glorious Revolution - guaranteed rights of citizens

6    Limited power of the monarch 1600's Charles I could not raise taxes without consent of Parliament

7    Revolt by a small group intended to over throw of the existing government

8    The government of Louis XVI of France before the revolution


9    Act stating a person arrested has the right what they are charged with and the right to a speedy trail


10   System of government where a monarch, a hereditary ruler, has complete power


11   The process of the justice system


12   Change taking place over a long period of time Ex. English Revolution


13   According to Kant: The period which man emerged from his self imposed immaturity. People rejected traditional
     ideas and supported a belief in human reason and natural rights, man questioned existing system of government


14   A sudden, radical, or complete change, a fundamental change in political organization; especially : the overthrow
     or removal of one government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed


15   system of government where the monarchs power is limited usually by a constitution or a law making body ex.
     Parliament
1    Balance of power                      equal distribution of political and economic power that prevents anyone
                                           nation from becoming too strong. Equal power within a government,sharing
2    Guillotine                            Machine invented during the French Revolutionary period used to cut off a

3    Reign of Terror                       person's of the French Revolution that when mass executions of political
                                           a period head.

4    National Assembly                     suspects (enemies of the Revolution)the 3rd estate in France in 1789 to
                                           group formed of mostly members of took place
                                           A committee of 5 members governed Declaration the Reign of of Man
                                           write a new constitution, adopted the France afterof the Rights Terror,
5    Directory
                                           they proved to be corrupt and inefficient France Roman Catholics, in
6    Royalists                             Those who favored the King (nobles, and in

7    Napoleon Bonaparte                    England who established a military dictatorship over France, became
                                           General members of the Church of England)

8    First, Second, Third Estate, middle   Frances 1st Emperor in 1804, made France Estate = nobility, 3rd Estate =
                                           1st Estate = upper nobility and clergy, 2nd the most powerful nation in

     Declaration of the Rights group?
     class - who makes up each of Man      commoners, merchants, bankers, rights as freedom of speech, Middle class
                                           Provided France with such basic farmers, artisans, peasants religion, and
9
                                           Directed the government after the execution people to participate in
                                           the press. It also guaranteed the right of the of Louis XVI, led by thethe
10   Committee of Public Safety

11   Maximilien Robspierre                 Jacobins. The leader of the committee was ruled during the Reign of
                                           Leader of the Committee of Public Safety, Robespierre. The committee
                                           Terror. His death signaled the end of the Reign of Terror
12   Legitimacy                            A principle supported by the leaders of the Congress of Vienna that the

13   Congress of Vienna                    royal families after Napoleon's rule to restore boundaries and order to
                                           Meeting held who had ruled before the French Revolution should be
                                           Legistative body in the policy of Legitimacy
                                           Europe, establishedFrance made up of the 1st Estate=300 members, 2nd
14   Estates General
                                           Estate = 300 members and the 3rd Estate = 600 members. Each estate
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22




1
2    Peons

3    Peninsulares

4    Louis Philippe

5    Miguel Hidalgo

6    Simon Bolivar

7    Agustin de Iturbide

8    Jose SanMartin

9    Monroe Doctrine

10   Mestizos
11
12
13
14
15
16
                                                          Word Bank
     Balance of power                      Directory                                        Congress of Vienna
     Guillotine                            Royalists                                      Estates General
     Reign of Terror                       Napoleon Bonaparte                        Maximilien Robspierre
     National Assembly                     First, Second, Third Estate,               Legitimacy
     Declaration of the Rights of Man                                 (make up of each estate)
                                           Committee of Public Safety

1    Those who favored the King (nobles, and in France Roman Catholics, in England members of the Church of
     England)

2    A principle supported by the leaders of the Congress of Vienna that the royal families who had ruled before the
     French Revolution should be restored to power. They were the rightful rulers.

3    1st Estate = upper nobility and clergy, 2nd Estate = nobility, 3rd Estate = commoners, merchants, bankers,
     farmers, artisans, peasants Middle class = a group that rose to the top of the 3rd estate made up of merchants,
     bankers, manufactures well educated

4    Directed the government after the execution of Louis XVI, led by the Jacobins. The leader of the committee
     was Robespierre. The committee began a Reign of Terror.
5    Leader of the Committee of Public Safety, ruled during the Reign of Terror. His death signaled the end of the
     Reign of Terror

6    A committee of 5 members governed France after the Reign of Terror, they proved to be corrupt and inefficient


7    General who established a military dictatorship over France, became Frances 1st Emperor in 1804, made France
     the most powerful nation in Europe.

8    equal distribution of political and economic power that prevents anyone nation from becoming too strong. Equal
     power within a government,sharing power ex. 3 branches of Government in USA

9    Legistative body in France made up of the 1st Estate=300 members, 2nd Estate = 300 members and the 3rd
     Estate = 600 members. Each estate had 1 vote.
10   a period of the French Revolution that when mass executions of political suspects (enemies of the Revolution)
     took place
11   Provided France with such basic rights as freedom of speech, religion, and the press. It also guaranteed the
     right of the people to participate in the government of France. It was patterned after the US Declaration of
     Independence.
12   Meeting held after Napoleon's rule to restore boundaries and order to Europe, established the policy of
     Legitimacy

13   Machine invented during the French Revolutionary period used to cut off a person's head.

14   group formed of mostly members of the 3rd estate in France in 1789 to write a new constitution, adopted the
     Declaration of the Rights of Man and reformed the legal system
1




2   Peons




3   Peninsulares




4   Louis Philippe




5   Miguel Hidalgo




6   Simon Bolivar




7   Agustin de Iturbide
8    Jose SanMartin




9    Monroe Doctrine




10   Mestizos




11




12




13




14




15
16
10Rs Ch. 14 Vocab. List 2004-05
Write the definition for the following words. You will find the definitions in
your textbook, in your review book or on the Glossary Sheet you received in
class. There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this
list. You will know in advance what words to define and study.



1. Agricultural Revolution



2. Anesthetic



3. antiseptic



4. apprentice



5. balance of trade



6. capitalism



7. command economy
8. commerical revolution



9. Communist Manifesto



10. cotton gin



11. developed nation



12. enclosure



13. factory



14. factory system



15. flying shuttle



16. fossil fuels



17. Green Revolution



18. guild
19. humanism



20. imperialism



21. Industrial Revolution



22. laissez faire



23. mixed economy



24. monopoly



25. multinational corporation



26. pasteurization



27. plantation



28. power loom



29. Realism
30. Romantic style



31. Scientific revolution



32. seed drill



33. socialism



34. steam engine



35. technology



36. terrace



37. trade deficit



38. trade fair



39. urbanization
10Rx Ch. 14 Vocab. List 2004-05
Write the definition for the following words. You will find the definitions in your
textbook, in your review book or on the Glossary Sheet you received in class.
There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this list. You will
know

1. Agricultural Revolution        changes in farming techiques in the 1600's which resulted
                                  in the use of machines and increased production and
                                  decreased the need for large numbers of workers
2. Anesthetic                     chemical used as a painkiller, first used during surgeries



3. antiseptic                     chemical used to kill bacteria, first used in operating rooms



4. apprentice                     young person learning a trade from a master

5. balance of trade               difference between how much a country imports and
                                  exports - exports - imports = balance of trade

6. capitalism                     economic system in which the ownership of land and wealth
                                  is for the most part in the hands of private individuals


7. command economy                economic system in which the government makes all the
                                  decisions about what should be produced, how much to
                                  produce and the selling price

8. commerical revolution          business revolution that occurred in Europe after the
                                  Middle Ages - involved a money economy, and the
                                  establishment of colonies
9. Communist Manifesto    pamphlet published by Marx & Engels stating their ideas
                          about the problems of the world, that the history of the
                          world is a history of class struggle, and the workers of the
                          world should rise up and overthrow the factory owners. -
                          encouraging revolt

10. cotton gin            machine invented by Eli Whitney to separate seeds from
                          cotton fibers

11. developed nation      country with a high level of technology, industry and an
                          educational system


12. Enclosure/Enclosure   process of taking over and fencing off land once used as
Movement                  common land once shared by peasants and small farmers -
                          decreased the number of small farms


13. factory               place in which workers and machines are brought together
                          to produce large quantities of goods


14. factory system        system of manufacturing based on the concentration of
                          industry into large establishments


15. flying shuttle        invented by John Kay, a machine making it possible for one
                          person instead of two to operate a weaving loom, it allowed
                          for faster weaving.
16. fossil fuels          fuel such as coal, oil and natural gas - fuels which burn
                          fossilized matter - the burning of fossil fuels cause air
                          pollution, the greenhouse effect and depletion of the ozone
                          layer
17. Green Revolution      development of new varieties of plants and improved
                          agricultural techniques that increase crop (yields) out put.
18. guild                   a type of trade association of merchants or artisans that
                            was active during the Middle Ages, they controlled prices,
                            wages and apprenticeships


19. humanism                intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused
                            on worldly subjects instead of religious ones.

20. imperialism             a policy by which one nations dominates or takes over
                            another entire country or area and controls the political,
                            economic and/or cultural life of that country or area


21. Industrial Revolution   change over from manufacturing good in the home, by hand to,
                            manufacturing products by machine in factories


22. laissez faire           economic policy which stated that government should keep
                            hands off business allowing the market to determine what is
                            produced and the price it should be sold at

23. mixed economy           economic system with both private and state-run enterprises -
                            combination of capitalism and command economy ideas


24. monopoly                complete control of a product or business by one person or
                            group


25. multinational           business that operates in many countries in the world
corporation

26. pasteurization          process of heating something to remove the bacteria

27. plantation              large estate run by an owner or overseer




28. power loom              a more effiecient loom, not powered by hand, made weaving
                            faster
29. Realism                 in literature or art, the representation of things as they are in life




30. Romantic style          an artistic sytle characterized by an emphasis on the
                            imagination and emotions and an appreciation for nature


31. Scientific revolution   period between 1500's and 1600's in which scientific thinkers
                            challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and
                            experimentation

32. seed drill              invented by Jethro Tull, designed to plant seeds in a row




33. socialism               An economic philosophy or political system in which the
                            community as a whole, rather than private individuals, own and
                            operate the means of production and distribution. All will share
                            in the work and the profits.



34. steam engine            engine powered by steam, invented by James Watt,
                            revolutionized industry, farming and transportation


35. technology              tools and skills people use to meet their needs




36. terrace                 a flat area on a steep hillside, terracing was a method of
                            farming that allowed plants to grow on the hillside.


37. trade deficit           a situation in which a nation imports more than it exports
                            Exports - imports = <negative income>


38. trade fair              site of regular trading activity in medieval Europe
39. urbanization   movement of people into cities
    Write the definition for the following words. You will find the definitions in your textbook, in your
    review book in the Review Book. There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this
    list. You will know in advance what words to defined.   http://welol.cnyric.org



1   Franco-Prussian War -        war between France and Prussia, Prussia gained Alsace and
                                 Lorraine for Germany.

2   Austro-Prussian War -        Also known as the 7 week war, war between Prussia and Austria
                                 over Holstein.

3   Garibaldi -                  Known as the sword of the Unification of Italy Movement.
                                 Established and trained the "Red Shirts"

4   Mazzini -                    Known as the "soul" of the Unification of Italy Movement. Started the
                                 Young Italy Organization which was a Nationalist Group whose
                                 purpose was to Unite Italy under one democratic ruler. Gave inspiring
                                 speeches motivating Italy to Unite.
5   Cavour -                     Known as the "brains" of the Unification of Italy movement.



6   "the soul" -                 Mazzini



7   "the brain" -                Cavour



8   "the sword" -                Garibaldi



9   Blood & Iron -               Bismarck's policy which involved willingness to use force to Unify
                                 Germany. Example fo his use of this policy are the Austro-Prussian
                                 War, Franco-Prussian War and the War with Denmark.
10 7 Week War -              Also known as the Austro-Prussian war.



11   Treaty of Frankfurt -   the two strongest and largest state within Italy. United under King
                             Victor Emmanual II and inspired the rest of Italy to unite also.

12 Sardinia-Piedmont -       The two strongest and largest state within Italy. United under King
                             Victor Emmanual II and inspired the rest of Italy to unite also. They
                             led the way to unification.
13 Papal States -            States owned and controlled by the Church/Pope. Included Rome.



14 Unification -             Joining together in a political unit. Ex. Italy and Germany



15 self determination -      to rule without interference from an outside power. Self Rule- to
                             determine the future of your country economically, politically and
                             culturally.
16 Sectionalism -            extreme devotion to one part of a country rather than the country as a
                             whole. Ex. - Central New York vs. United States - Southern Germany
                             States thought of themselves as separate.
17 abolitionist -            someone who wants to bring and end to something - ex. Abolitionist
                             wanted to end slavery.

18 abolition -               to bring something to an end. When used with a capital Abolition it
                             usually refers to bringing an end to slavery.

19 secede -                  to withdraw from an organized body - Ex. The Southern States in the
                             US seceded from the Union.

20 tariff -                  Taxes on goods entering a country from another country - usually to
                             protect local industries.

21 balance of power -        when no one country is more powerful than any other nation, a equal
                             distribution of political and economic power that prevents anyone
                             nation from becoming more powerful
22 conservatism -            policy or system of preventing radical changes from taking place.
                             Conservatives usually like to keep things the way they are without
                             change.
23 imperialism -             policy of extending political, economic and cultural control over
                             another country.

24 nationalism -             loyalty and devotion to ones country - Extreme nationalism leds to
                             racism and prejudice.
25 liberalism -    policy that welcomes changes in running government - a Liberal
                   usually wants changes that will led to more individual rights for the
                   people.
26 republic -      A form of government in which the people elect representatives to
                   represent. The United States is a democratic republic.

27 abundance:      a large amount of something



28 acceptance:     approval



29 accurate:       correct; reliable



30 achievement:    accomplishment



31 acquire:        get; obtain



32 adherence:      sticking to; following



33 adopt:          to take up and practice as one's own



34 advocate:       support



35 aggressive:     forceful; self-assertive



36 availability:   capability of being used



37 artistic:       fond of or sensitive to art
     Write the definition for the following words. You will find the definitions in your textbook, in
     your review book in the Review Book. There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the
     words on this list. You will know in advance what words to define and study.




1    Franco-Prussian War -


2    Austro-Prussian War -


3    Garibaldi -


4    Mazzini -


5    Cavour -


6    "the soul" -


7    "the brain" -


8    "the sword" -


9    Blood & Iron -


10 7 Week War -


11   Treaty of Frankfurt -
12 Sardinia-Piedmont -


13 Papal States -


14 Unification -


15 self determination -


16 Sectionalism -


17 abolitionist -


18 abolition -


19 secede -


20 tariff -


21 balance of power -


22 conservatism -


23 imperialism -


24 nationalism -


25 liberalism -


26 republic -
27 abundance: a large amount of something


28 acceptance: approval


29 accurate: correct; reliable


30 achievement: accomplishment


31 acquire: get; obtain


32 adherence: sticking to; following


33 adopt: to take up and practice as one's own


34 advocate: support


35 aggressive: forceful; self-assertive


36 availability: capability of being used


37 artistic: fond of or sensitive to art
Define each using your notes, your review book, your textbook or School Island. Write the definition in
the spaces provided after each word. Add any words that are not printed on the list to the end of this
sheet. Answer the questions at the end of the vocabulary using your review book, notes and vocabulary.


 1   African National Congress -


 2   Berlin Conference -


 3   cash crop -


 4   cash crop economy -


 5   nationalism -


 6   economic dependence -


 7   Ethnocentric -


 8   French Indochina -


 9   homogeneous society -


10   imperialism -


11   Meiji Restoration -




                                                 Page 34
12   Muslim League -


13   new imperialism -


14   old imperialism -


15   penal colony -


16   peonage -


17   regionalism -


18   Shinto -


19   Tokugawa Japan -


20   trade deficit -


21   Tribalism -


22   Young Turks -


23   zaibatsu -


24   Scramble for Africa -


25   Opium War -


26   Extraterritoriality -



                             Page 35
27   Sepoy Mutiny (Rebellion) -


28   Boer War -


29   Treaty of Nanjing -


30   Boxer Rebellion -


31   sphere of influence -


32   Nationalist - (group or leader)
     -

33   Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen)


34 Three Principles of the People -




35   Taiping Rebellion -


36   Matthew Perry -


37   Treaty of Kanagawa -


38   Sino-Japanese War -


39   Russo- Japanese War -


40   apartheid -


41   Sierra Leone -



                                       Page 36
42   Menelik II -


43   genocide -


44   Liberia -


45   Open Door Policy -


46   Treaty of Tientsin -


47   partitian -


48   reform -


49   Indian National Congress -



Questions - page 216 - Review Book
 1   What political, social and economic changes occurred in Japan in the late 1800's?


 2   How did Japan use western ideas to modernize and industrialize?


 3   How did Japan become a global power by the early 1900's?



Questions - page 220 - Review Book
 1   What factors led to the new imperialism of the 1800's?




                                                  Page 37
2   How did imperialistic countries gain power over the people's of Africa and Asia?




3   What were the effects of imperialism?




    Negative Impact or Effect




    Positive Impact or Effect




4   How did imperialism lead to nationalistic feelings in China and other nations of Africa and Asia?




                                                  Page 38
Define each using your notes, your review book, your textbook or School Island. Write the
definition in the spaces provided after each word. Add any words that are not printed on the
list to the end of this sheet. Answer the questions at the end of the vocabulary using your
review book, notes and vocabulary.

 1   African National Congress - group formed by opponents to apartheid in South Africa that
                                 encouraged political activism by blacks.
 2   Berlin Conference -         meeting held in Berlin by European nations to divide Africa without
                                 bloodshed, and with no regard for the African people. No African
                                 nations attended.
 3   cash crop -                 crops raised for sale, not food products. Ex. Tobacco, jute, indigo
 4   cash crop economy -         economy based on the raising and selling of one cash crop or a small
                                 number of crops.
 5   nationalism -               strong sense of pride in ones ethnic group or nation.
 6   economic dependence         an Imperial power making a colony completely dependent on the
                                 Imperial power for its economy

 7   Ethnocentric                believing that ones culture or ethnic group is superior to that of other
                                 ethnic groups or cultures.
 8   French Indochina -          the area of Southeast Asia which is today Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam
                                 that was colonized by the French.
 9   homogeneous society -       society with a common culture and lineage, all the people in the society
                                 have the same ethnic background.
10   imperialism -               the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural
                                 life of another country.
11   Meiji Restoration -         period of reform from 1868-1912, when the Emperor was restored to
                                 power and the Japanese began rapid modernization, industrialization
                                 and imperialism. Meiji - means "enlightened rule"
12   Muslim League -             Nationalist organization formed in India, by Muslims to establish an
                                 independent state or nation for Muslims.




                                                 Page 39
13   new imperialism -       rapid expansion of colonial empires between 1870-1914 motivated by
                             the needs of the Industrial Revolution - raw materials and markets and
                             labor, the capitalism, Humanitarian reasons; medical care, education,
                             improvements in the lives of native people. Nationalism and Militarism,
                             establishing colonies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America

14   old imperialism -       European nations established colonies throughout the world motivated
                             by God, Gold and Glory - 3G's - God - spread religion, Gold - in search
                             of treasures Glory - status and adventure. Mid 1500-1700


15   penal colony -          colony established by sending criminals to settle to serve out their
                             sentence instead of putting them in prison or jail. Usually they were
                             minor criminals; debtors, etc


16   peonage -               the state of being a peon; or the system under which people serve as
                             peons to pay their debt.
17   regionalism -           loyalty to ones region or area.

18   Shinto -                traditional Japanese religion, name means Way of the Gods. It is
                             animistic in beliefs.
19   Tokugawa Japan -        the period of rule in Japan of the Tokugawa shoguns. Ended with the
                             Meiji Restoration.
20   trade deficit -         a situation in which a nation imports more than it exports; buys more
                             than it sells.
21   Tribalism -             loyalty to ones tribe.
22   Young Turks -           movement established by Turkish Nationalist, in late 1800 to reform
                             the Ottoman Empire. Ataturk - "father of modern Turkey"
23   zaibatsu -              Japanese families that became more powerful in banking and industry.
                             The Japanese government built factories and then gave them to the
                             zaibatsu to run in an effort to industrialize.


24   Scramble for Africa -   European nations rapidly dividing up the continent of Africa - each
                             nation rushed to get territory before other nations had taken control
                             of all of it.
25   Opium War -             war between the Chinese and the British over the sale of Opium in
                             China. Ended with a British victory and the Treaty of Nanjing.
26   Extraterritoriality -   the right of British Citizens to be tried in their own courts with their
                             own laws.


                                              Page 40
27   Sepoy Mutiny (Rebellion) -   rebellion of Hindu & Muslim sepoys, Indians serving in the British
                                  army) against British rule - caused by the animal greased cartridges
                                  used in the their rifles. British won and India became of protectorate
                                  of Great Britain or a Crown Colony.
28   Boer War -                   war fought between the Boers (Dutch farmers) and the British or
                                  land where gold and diamonds was discovered in South Africa. Heavy
                                  losses, the British won and added the Boer territories to their
                                  territory to the Union of South Africa.
29   Treaty of Nanjing -          treaty that ended the Opium War, in which China had to repay war
                                  costs, open ports to British trade, give Hong Kong to Britain and give
                                  British citizens exterritoriality. ( the right to be tried in their own
                                  courts in China)


30   Boxer Rebellion -            rebellion of the Nationalist group - the Righteous Harmonious Fists -
                                  against the foreign rule- the British.
31   sphere of influence -        an area in which an outside power claims exclusive trade rights.

32   Nationalist - (group or      leader or a group whose goal is to get foreigners out of their country,
     leader) -                    self-rule (to govern themselves), they want more say in the government


33   Sun Yixian - Sun Yat-sen -   Nationalist leader who sought to reform the Qing Government
                                  Nationalist group was called Nationalist People's Party, Nationalist
                                  Party, Kuomintang

34   Three Principles of the      the goals of Nationalist leader, Sun Yixian
     People -                                   1. To end foreign control or domination or control of
                                  China                                        2. To form a representative
                                  government                                                            3.
                                  To create economic security for the people of China
                                                         Motto Nationalism, Democracy and Livelihood
35   Taiping Rebellion -          Chinese peasant uprising against the Qing Officials (corrupt), 30mil
                                  Chinese people died - they wanted changes in the government - they
                                  weakened the Qing government, allowing the Europeans to gain more
                                  control of China.
36   Matthew Perry -              American commodore in the Navy, and he delivered the letter
                                  demanding that Japan trade with the United States, which ended
                                  Japan's isolation.




                                                     Page 41
37   Treaty of Kanagawa -         ended the Shogunate of the Tokagawa by forcing the Japanese to
                                  make trade agreements with the United States - later including the
                                  British, the French and the Russians.
38   Sino-Japanese War -          1894 War between Japan and China, over territory, Korea, Japanese
                                  won Formosa (Taiwan) and some other ports and later made Korea a
                                  protectorate.
39   Russo- Japanese War -        war between Japan and Russia over Korea, Japan won and gained Korea
                                  but also part of Manchuria making Korea a protectorate
40   apartheid -                   legal separation of races in South Africa imposed by the British.
41   Sierra Leone -               Free state established by the British, in Africa for freed African
                                  slaves to return freely to Africa
42   Menelik II -                 ruler of Ethiopia who westernized and modernized Ethiopia to keep the
                                  Europeans from colonizing his country. He was successful

43   genocide -                   an attempt to destroy an entire ethnic or religious group
44   Liberia -                     independent nation established by the United States in Africa for
                                  freed slaves to return freely to Africa.
45   Open Door Policy -           1899 giving equal rights to all nations to trade in China so that all
                                  nations could trade in China
46   Treaty of Tientsin -          treaty which ended the Taiping Rebellion, allowed 11 more ports to be
                                  opened to foreign trade, foreigners were allowed to go into the
                                  interior of China, Opium could be imported to China again, China lost
                                  colonial states along the border.

47   partitian -                  is to divide up into parts
48   reform -                      to make changes, usually for the better
49   Indian National Congress -   Nationalist organization in India whose goals were nationalism, self-
                                  rule and democracy, started by Gandhi
Questions - page 216 - Review Book
 1   What political, social and economic changes occurred in Japan in the late 1800's? Shogun was
     removed from power and the Emperor was reinstated. Meiji Restoration began. The Japanese
     introduced Western ideas to Japan and Japanese ideas to the West. Began to build a strong
     economy. A Strong economy - a strong military they could compete with the West
 2   How did Japan use western ideas to modernize and industrialize? The Japanese had members of the
     government travel to the west to learn about western government, economic and customs. Used
     what they learned to develop a modern Japan. They used the government of Germany as a model for
     their own government.


                                                   Page 42
 3   How did Japan become a global power by the early 1900's?Japan used its industrial and military
     strength to begin gaining colonies (Imperialism) and raw materials.

Questions - page 220 - Review Book
 1   What factors led to the new imperialism of the 1800's? The needs of the Industrial Revolution:
     Raw materials, market, labor Militarism - need for supply ports, Social Darwinism, White man's
     Burden, Humanitarian Desires, Nationalism


 2   How did imperialistic countries gain power over the people's of Africa and Asia? Used military
     power, trade methods, the strength of their Industrial economies, used unequal treaties, and
     advanced technology - maxim gun


 3   What were the effects of imperialism? Answers are listed below according to positive or negative
     impact or effect.



Negative Impact or Effect
     1. Conflict among the native people: ex:Taiping Rebellion, Opium War
           2. Large numbers of Asians and Africans came under foreign rule.
                 3. Some nations made changes or reforms to try to defend themselves against the
     foreign rule.
         4. Disrupted the tradional life and culture of the colonial people. - people moving to cities and
     away from their families.
                 5. Dependence on cash crops and money from trade. Led to famine and starvation.
                      6. Pollution of the air and water
                         7. Long term distrust and resentment toward foreigners

Positive Impact or Effect
     1. Education - schools                                                                                  2.
     Medical care - built hospitals
                      3. Improved Transportation - railroad, bridges, roads
                             4. Western Culture influenced much of the world. Could be seen as positive or
     negative.                                5. Cultural diffusion - both negative and positive.

 4   How did imperialism lead to nationalistic feelings in China and other nations of Africa and Asia? The
     people of China, Africa and Asia joined together to gain freedom from their foreign rulers. They
     had nationalistic desires; self-rule, foreigners out of their country, more control over their destiny
     (futures). The Europeans or colonial powers became a common enemy.




                                                    Page 43
     10 Rx Global History - Vocabulary Word List - Ch. 8 + 9 - Imperialism
 1   African         group formed by opponents to
     National        apartheid in South Africa that



 2   Berlin Conference



 3   cash crop



 4   cash crop economy



 5   nationalism - strong sense of pride in ones ethnic group or nation.



 6   economic dependence - an Imperial power making a colony completely dependent on the Imperial
     power for its economy.

 7   Ethnocentric - believing that ones culture or ethnic group is superior to that of other societies.


 8   French Indochina - the area of Southeast Asia which is today Loas, Cambodia and Vietnam that
     was colonized by the French.

     homogeneous society - society with a common culture and lineage, all the people in the society
 9   have the same ethnic background.
10   imperialism




11   Meiji Restoration - period of reform from 1868-1912, when the Emperor was restored to power
     and the Japanese began rapid modernization, industrialization and imperialism. Meiji - means
     "enlightened rule"

12   Muslim League
13   new imperialism-
     the needs of the Industrial Revolution - raw materials and markets and labor, the
     capitalism, Humanitarian reasons; medical care, education, improvements in the lives of
     native people. Nationalism and Militarism


14   old imperialism -
     God, Gold and Glory - 3G's - God - spread religion, Gold - in search of treasures
     Glory - status and adventure. Mid 1500-1700
15   penal colony colony established to send criminals to serve out their sentence instead of putting
     them in jail. Ususally they were minor criminals.

16   peonage - the state of being a peon; or the system under which people serve as peons to pay
     their debt.

17   regionalism - loyalty to ones region or area.


18   Shinto - traditional Japanese religion, name means Way of the Gods. It is animistic in beliefs.


19   Tokugawa Japan - the period of rule in Japan of the Tokugawa shoguns. Ended with the Meiji
     Restoration.

20   trade deficit


21   Tribalism - loyalty to ones tribe.
22   Young Turks - movement established by Turkish Nationalist, in late 1800 to reform the
     Ottoman Empire. Ataturk - "father of modern Turkey"


23   zaibatsu - Japanese families that became more powerful in banking and industry. The Japanese
     government built factories and then gave them to the zaibatsu to run in an effort to
     industrialize.


24   Scramble for Africa


25   Opium War - war between the Chinese and the British over the sale of Opium in China. Ended
     with a British victory and the Treaty of Nanjing.

26   Extraterritoriality - the right of British Citizens to be tried in their own courts with their own
     laws.
     Extraterritoriality - the right of British Citizens to be tried in their own courts with their own
     laws.

27   Sepoy Mutiny (Rebellion) - rebellion of Hindu & Muslim sepoys(Indians serving in the British
     army) against British rule - caused by the animal greased cartridges used in the their rifles.
     British won and India became of protectorate of Great Britain or a Crown Colony.


28   Boer War


29   Treaty of Nanjing - treaty that ended the Opium War, in which China had to war costs, open
     ports to British trade, give Hong Kong to Britain and give British citizens exterritoriality. ( the
     right to be tried in their own courts in China)
30   Boxer Rebellion - rebellion of the Nationalist group - the Righteous Harmonious Fists -
     against the foreign rule- the British.


31   sphere of influence - an area in which an outside power claims exclusive trade rights.



32   Nationalist - (group or leader) -           leader or a group whose goal is to get foreigners out


     of their country, self-rule (to govern themselves), they want more say in the government


33   Sun Yixian - Sun Yat-sen            Nationalist leader who sought to reform the Qing Government
     Nationalist group was called Nationalist People's Party, Nationalist Party, Kuomintang


34   Three Principles of the People - the goals of Sun Yixian - 1. To end foreign domination
     (control) 2. To form a representative government 3. To create economic security
   for the people of China Motto : Nationalism, Democracy and Livelihood
35 Taiping Rebellion - Chinese peasant uprising against the Qing Officials (corrupt), 30mil
     Chinese people died - they wanted changes in the government - they weakened the Qing
     government, allowing the Europeans to gain more control of China.

36   Matthew Perry - American commadore in the Navy, and he delivered the letter demanding that
     Japan trade with the United States, which ended Japan's isolation.

37   Treaty of Kanagawa - ended the Shogunate of the Tokagawa by forcing the Japanese to make
     trade agreements with the United States - later including the British, the French and the
     Russians.
38   Sino-Japanese War - 1894 War between Japan and China, over territory, Korea, Japanese won
     Formosa (Taiwan) and some other ports and later made Korea a protectorate.


39   Russo- Japanese War - war between Japan and Russia over Korea, Japan won and gained Korea
     but also part of Manchuria making Korea a protectorate

40   apartheid - legal separation of races in South Africa imposed by the British.
     Questions - page 216                                                                            What
 1
     political, social and economic changes occurred in Japan in the late 1800's? Shogun was removed
     from power and the Emperor was reinestated. Meiji Restoration began. The Japanese
     introduced Western ideas to Japan and Japanese ideas to the West. Began to build a strong
     economy. A Strong economy - a strong military they could compete with the West

 2   How did Japan use western ideas to modernize and industrialize? The Japanese had members of
     the government travel to the west to learn about western government, economic and customs.
     Used what they learned to develop a modern Japan. They used the government of Germany as a
     model for their own government.

 3   How did Japan become a global power by the early 1900's?Japan used its industrial and military
     strength to begin gaining colonies (Imperialism) and raw materials.

     Questions - page 220
 1   What factors led to the new imperialism of the 1800's? The needs of the Industrial
     Revolution: Raw materials, market, labor Militarism - need for supply ports, Social Darwinism,
     Whiteman's Burden, Humanitarian Desires, Nationalism

 2   How did imperialistic countried gain power over the people's of Africa and Asia?
     Used military power, trade methods, the strength of their Industrial economies, used
     unequal treaties, and advanced technology - maxim gun


 3   What were the effects of imperialism?
     Negative Impact or Effect
     1. Conflict among the native people: ex:Taiping Rebellion
     2. Large numbers of Asians and Africans came under foreign rule.
     3. Some nations made changes or reforms to try to defend themselves against the foreign rule.
     4. Disrupted the tradional life and culture of the colonial people. - people moving to cities
     and away from their families.
     5. Dependance on cash crops and money from trade. Led to famine and starvation.
     6. Pollution of the air and water
    7. Long term resentment toward foreigners
    Positive Impact or Effect
    1. Education - schools
    2. Medical care
    3. Improved Transportation - railroad, bridges, roads
    4. Western Culture influenced much of the world. Could be seen as positive or negative.

4   How did imperialism lead to nationalistic feelings in China and other nations of Africa and Asia?
    The people of China, Africa and Asia joined together to gain freedom from their foreign rulers.
    They had nationalistic desires; self-rule, foreigners out of their country, more control over
    their destiny ( futures). The Europeans or colonial powers became a common enemy.
 1   Berlin Conference -




 2   cash crop -



 3




 4   economic dependence -



 5   Ethnocentric -



 6   imperialism -



 7   Meiji Restoration -



 8   new imperialism -



 9   penal colony -



10   regionalism -



11   trade deficit -




                             Page 49
12   Tribalism -



14   Scramble for Africa -



15   Opium War -



16   Extraterritoriality -



17   Treaty of Nanjing -



18   Nationalist - (group or
     leader) -


19   Matthew Perry -



20   Sino-Japanese War -



21   apartheid -



22   Menelik II -



Answer the following in complete sentences in the space provided.
 1   What factors led to the new imperialism of the 1800's?




 2   How did imperialistic countries gain power over the people's of Africa and Asia?




                                                  Page 50
 3   What were the effects of imperialism?
     Negative Impact or Effects - List 4




     Positive Impact or Effect - List 4




Questions - page 220 - Review Book
 1 What factors led to the new imperialism of the 1800's? The needs of the Industrial Revolution:

     Raw materials, market, labor Militarism - need for supply ports, Social Darwinism, White man's
     Burden, Humanitarian Desires, Nationalism
 2   How did imperialistic countries gain power over the people's of Africa and Asia? Used military
     power, trade methods, the strength of their Industrial economies, used unequal treaties, and
     advanced technology - maxim gun
 3   What were the effects of imperialism? Answers are listed below according to positive or negative
     impact or effect.




                                                  Page 51
10Rs Ch. 6 Growth of Democracy Vocab. List 2003-04
Write the definition for the following words. You will find the definitions in
your textbook, in your review book or on the Glossary Sheet you received in
class. There will be vocabulary quizzes during the Unit on the words on this
list. You will know in advance what words to define and study.



1. Change the Words on this list




2. Austro-Prussian War




3. Garibaldi




4. Mazzini




5. balance of trade




6. capitalism



7. command economy



8. commerical revolution
9. Communist Manifesto




10. cotton gin




11. developed nation




12. enclosure




13. factory




14. factory system




15. flying shuttle




16. fossil fuels




17. Green Revolution




18. guild
19. humanism



20. imperialism



21. Industrial Revolution



22. laissez faire



23. mixed economy



24. monopoly



25. multinational corporation



26. pasteurization



27. plantation



28. power loom



29. Realism
30. Romantic style



31. Scientific revolution



32. seed drill



33. socialism



34. steam engine



35. technology


36. terrace



37. trade deficit


38. trade fair



39. urbanization
Ch. 16 WW I & Between Wars
Define each using your notes, glossary list and your book. Write the definitions in the spaces
provided.


  1 Allied Powers


 2 Armistice


 3 Blockade

 4 Bolshevik


 5 Central Powers


 6 Collective farms


 7 Great Depression


 8 League of Nations


 9 mandate

10 militarism

 11 neutral


12 New Economic Policy
13 reparations

14 soviet

15 Treaty of Brest-
   Litovsk

16 Treaty of Versailles


17 trench warfare


18 tributary state

19 Zimmerman
   Note/Zimmerman
20 Telegram
   The Assassination
   of Arch Duke
21 Ferdinand of
   The Balkans


22 barbed wire

23 poison gas

24 Provisions of the
   Treaty of Versailles
   Ch. 16 WW I & Between Wars KEY
   Define each using your notes, glossary list and your book.
   Write the definitions in your notebook.

 1 Allied Powers         Members of the Triple Entente during WWI, Great.
                         Britain, France, Russia, Belgium and later Italy
2 Armistice              Agreement to end war
3 Blockade               The organized attempt to isolate a country or area by
                         cutting off trade or traffic to that area or nation
4 Bolshevik              Member 1917 Russian Revolutionary group
5 Central Powers         Member of the Triple Alliance during WWI, included;
                         Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and the Ottoman Empire
                         (later joined by Bulgaria)
6 Collective farms       large farms formed by joining small farms together, owned
                         and operated by the workers as a group

7 Great Depression       Global economic downturn that began in 1929 - one of the
                         causes of WWII
8 League of Nations      group of more than 40 countries formed after WWI with
                         the goal of settling problems through negotiation, not war,
                         the United States and Russia were not members
9 mandate                after WWI, a territory that was administered by a foreign
                         power
10 militarism            a glorification of military power, one of the causes of WWI


11 neutral               not supporting either side in a conflict
12 New Economic Policy plan instituted by Lenin in Russia in 1921 that included some
                         private ownership of industry, incorporated some aspects
                         of capitalism in Russia's economic plan
13 reparations           payments made for damages caused in war
14 soviet              council of workers and soldiers set up by Russian
                       Revolutionaries in 1917
15 Treaty of Brest-    agreement between Russia and Germany which ended
   Litovsk             Russia's involvement in WWI
16 Treaty of Versailles agreement signed in 1919 ending WWI


17 trench warfare      type of warfare in which troops dig trenches and fight
                       from them
18 tributary state     independent state that must acknowledge the supremacy of
                       another state and pay tribute to its ruler
19 Zimmerman           Message sent from Germany to Mexico asking Mexico in
   Note/Zimmerman      join the Central Powers in exchange for lost territories in
   Telegram            the Spanish American War
20 The Assassination   was the immediate cause of WWI. The Arch Duke & his
   of Arch Duke        wife were assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist. Austro-
   Ferdinand of        Hungary blames Serbia and Russia defends Serbia - putting
   Austria:            the alliance system in motion.
21 The Balkans         area of eastern Europe known as a "powder keg" just
                       before World War I.



22 barbed wire         new invention which was used in WWI, it was placed around
                       areas as a form of protection, caused many casualties



23 poison gas          Gases used as a weapon in the trenches to kill the enemy.
                       First used in WWI.
24 Provisions of the
   Treaty of Versailles
                              ea16b767-f987-479f-8b71-b5f8ec3a1fde.xls

10Rx- Vocabulary List After WWI - Unit 6, Sect. 4, Between the Wars
- Reviewbook. Define each using your notes, glossary list from your
review book, your textbook or School Island. Write the definition in the
spaces provided after each word. Add any words that are not printed on
the list to the end of this sheet. Answer the questions at the end of
the vocabulary list using your review book. Define each using your notes,
glossary list from your review book, your textbook




 1 capitalism - economic system in which means fo production are privately

   owned and operated for profit.
 2 dictatorship - a government in which the ruler has complete control over

   the lives of the people.
 3 fascism - the rule of a people by a dictatorial government that is

   nationalistic and imperialistic.
 4 socialism - system in which the people as a whole rather than private

   civitizens own all property and operate all businesses.
 5 totalitarian state - form of government in which a one-party dictatorship

   attempts to regulate all aspects of the lives of citizens.
 6 inflation - economic cycle that involes a rise in prices linked to a sharp

   increase in the amount of money available.
 7 economic depression -




 8 collective security -




 9 isolationism -




                                           Page 61 of 142
                          ea16b767-f987-479f-8b71-b5f8ec3a1fde.xls

10 What were the main problems in Europe after World War I?




11 What caused the weakness of the German republic in the 1920's and

     1930's?


12 What effect did the economic depression have on Europe?




13 Why did the League of Nations fail?




14 What other nation underwent great change after World War I?




15




16




17




18




19




                                       Page 62 of 142
                          ea16b767-f987-479f-8b71-b5f8ec3a1fde.xls

20




21




22




23




24 ___________________________________________________________
     __________________________________________________________________
     ____________________________________________________


25 ___________________________________________________________
     __________________________________________________________________
     ____________________________________________________


26 ___________________________________________________________
     __________________________________________________________________
     ____________________________________________________


27 ___________________________________________________________
     __________________________________________________________________
     ____________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________




                                       Page 63 of 142
  10 Rx G H - Vocabulary Word List - Ch. 17 WW I & Between Wars
  Define each using your notes, reviewbook glossary, Ischool and your book.
  Write the definitions in the spaces provided.

1 Allied Powers




2 Anti-Semitism




3 Appeasement




4 Axis Powers




5 Blizkrieg




6 Blockade




7 Bolshevik




8 Bourgeoisie
25 concentration camp




9 dictator




10 Fascism




11 Great Depression




12 Hitler, Adolf




13 Holocaust




14 League of Nations




15 militarism




16 Mussolini, Benito
17 Nazi Regime




18 neutral




19 poison gas




20 Proletariat




21 Provisions of the
   Treaty of Versailles



22 reparations




23 scapegoat




24 Totalitarian
   Government
  Terms
1 Fascism



2 Benito Mussolini



3 Nazism - Nazi Party



4 National Socialist Party



5 Adolf Hitler



6 Regime



7 Third Reich



8 Second Reich



9 Fuhrer
10 Scapegoats



11 Demilitarized



12 Appeasement



13 Munich Conference



14 Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis



15 Blitzkrieg



16 Winston Churchill



17 Nuremberg Laws



18 "The Night of Broken Glass"



19 Attack of Pearl Harbor



20 Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)



21 "D-Day"
22 Declaration of the United Nations



23 A-Bomb



24 Pacific Theater



25 European Theater



26 Island Hopping



27 The Big Three at Yalta



28 Yalta Conference



29 Satellite Nations



30 Nuremberg Trials



31 Holocaust



32 Nationalism



33 Imperialism
34 Worldwide Depression



35 Alliance System



36 Failure of the League of Nations



37 V-J Day



38 V-E Day



39 Auschwitz



40 Axis



41 Capitalism



42 collective security



43 DeGaulle



44 dictatorship



45 economic depression
46 Eisenhower



47 Guadalcanal



48 Hiroshima



49 inflation



50 isolationism



51 Iwo Jima



52 Kamikaze



53 Luftwaffe



54 MacArthur



55 Midway Island



56 Nagasaki



57 Okinawa
58 Patton



59 Rome



60 socialism



61 Stalin



62 Stalingrad



63 Tojo



64 totalitarian



65 Truman



66 Bataan Death March



67 Yamamoto



68 What were the main problems in Europe after World War I?



69 What caused the weakness of the German republic in the 1920's and 1930's?
70 What effect did the economic depression have on Europe?



71 Why did the League of Nations fail?




72 What other nation underwent great change after World War I?
definition   topic   Amsco Ch.
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
             WWII


                           17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
WWII


       17
nited Nations   WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
                WWII


                       17
             WWII


                    17
             WWII


                    17
of Nations   WWII


                    17
             WWII


                    17
             WWII


                    17
main problems in Europe after World War I?


e weakness of the German republic in the 1920's and 1930's?
the economic depression have on Europe?


gue of Nations fail?



on underwent great change after World War I?
   Terms
 1 Fascism



 2 Benito Mussolini
 3 Nazism - Nazi Party

 4 National Socialist Party
 5 Adolf Hitler



 6 Regime
 7 Third Reich
 8 Second Reich

 9 Fuhrer
10 Scapegoats

11 Demilitarized
12 Appeasement

13 Munich Conference



14 Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis



15 Blitzkrieg

16 Winston Churchill
17 Nuremberg Laws

18 "The Night of Broken Glass"

19 Attack of Pearl Harbor



# Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
21 "D-Day"

# Declaration of the United Nations

# A-Bomb

# Pacific Theater

# European Theater

# Island Hopping

# The Big Three at Yalta



# Yalta Conference



# Satellite Nations

# Nuremberg Trials



31 Holocaust

# Nationalism

# Imperialism

# Worldwide Depression
# Alliance System




# Failure of the League of Nations




# V-J Day

# V-E Day

# Auschwitz
# Axis

41 Capitalism

# collective security

# DeGaulle
# dictatorship

# economic depression

# Eisenhower

# Guadalcanal


# Hiroshima

# inflation



# isolationism
51 Iwo Jima




# Kamikaze
# Luftwaffe
# MacArthur
# Midway Island

# Nagasaki

# Okinawa
# Patton
# Rome
# socialism

61 Stalin

# Stalingrad

# Tojo
# totalitarian


# Truman

# Bataan Death March

# Yamamoto
# What were the main problems in Europe after World War I?



# What caused the weakness of the German republic in the 1920's and 1930's?


# What effect did the economic depression have on Europe?
71 Why did the League of Nations fail?




# What other nation underwent great change after World War I?
definition                                                       topic   Amsco Ch.
Political movement in both Italy and Spain during WWII,          WWII
characterized by imperialism and nationalism - NOT
COMMUNIST                                                                      17
Leader of Fascist Italy and the Fascist Movement in Italy        WWII          17
Political movement - ideology of the Nazi party - NOT            WWII
COMMUNISTS                                                                     17
Name of the Nazi Party                                           WWII          17
Leader of Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany, started WWII WWII
with the invasion of Poland, was responsible for the Holocaust
                                                                               17
Period of Rule, the government during a specific time            WWII          17
German government under Hitler - means the 3rd Empire            WWII          17
German government after WWI and Before Hitler's government WWII
- Weimar Republic                                                              17
another term for leader - term Hilter used                       WWII          17
someone who is blamed for all the problem that take place -      WWII
Hitler used the Jewish people as scapegoats                                    17
to remove troops from an area                                    WWII          17
to give into an aggressor to prevent war - Munich Pact - one     WWII
cause of WWII                                                                  17
Conference where Hitler was given part of Czech in an effort to WWII
prevent futher aggression - example of appreasement
                                                                               17
Alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan, its members later     WWII
became known as the Axis Powers - the names used were the
names of each counrties capital                                                17
Lightening Warfare - method used by Germany                      WWII
                                                                               17
Prime minister of Great Britain after Neville Chamberlain,       WWII
during WWII and at the end of the War                                          17
Restrictive laws which applied to Jewish people under Nazi          WWII
Germany                                                                    17
Nov. 9, 1938 violence against Jews and Jewish settlements all       WWII
over the Third Reich, also known as Kristallnacht                          17
Act of aggression that lead to the US entering WWII and             WWII
declaring war on Japan - December 7, 1941 - a Naval base in
Hawaii was attacked                                                        17
President of the United States at the beginning of WWII             WWII
                                                                           17
June 6, 1944 - sea invasion by Allied troops of Normandy begins     WWII
                                                                           17
Resulted from the treaty that ended WWII - an internationsl         WWII
peace keeping organization                                                 17
Atomic Bomb dropped on Japan that took many lives and brought WWII
an end to WWII on the Pacific Theatre                                      17
Site of fighting in the Pacific Ocean between Allied forces and     WWII
Japan                                                                      17
Site of fighting in the Europe between Allied forces and Axis       WWII
forces                                                                     17
War strategy used by the allied (US) forces in the Pacific front WWII
to win back islands taken by Japan in WWII                                 17
Stalin - USSR (Russia); Churchill - Great Britain; Roosevelt -      WWII
USA - decided how to divide reclaimed territory at the end of
WWII                                                                       17
Conferences held during WWII by the allied powers to plan           WWII
strategy and finally make decisions after the war ended
                                                                           17
Countries liberated by USSR (Russia) during WWII that came          WWII
under the Communist influence of the USSR                                  17
trials of war criminals after WWII - ensured that no one could      WWII
use the defense of "just following orders" in referring to their
actions in a war                                                           17
terms that refers to the mass destruction of the Jewish people WWII
by Nazi Germany                                                            17
strong feeling of pride and loyalty to one's country - one of the   WWII
causes of WWI & WWII                                                       17
the control of one area, nation or region by another - one of the   WWII
causes of WWI & WWII                                                       17
One of the causes of WWII - downturn in the economy in the          WWII
entire world caused by the stock market crash of 1929 in the
US - high unemployment & inflation                                         17
One of the causes of WWII - system of mutual assistance               WWII
where nations would go to the aid of the other members in the
alliance if they were attacked in war - Axis Powers and the
                                                                             17
Allied Powers
One of the causes of WWII - the league of nations did not act         WWII
to prevent Germany's aggressive acts that led to WWII - it was
weak due the fact that US and USSR had not joined and Grt.
                                                                             17
Britain & France were war torn
Victory in Japan - the war ended with Japan - Aug. 15, 1945           WWII
                                                                             17
Victory in Europe - the war ended with Germany - May 8, 1945          WWII
                                                                             17 Listen
one the most infamous of the Nazi death Camps                         WWII
refers to the Axis Powers - Germany, Italy and Japan alliance
                                                                      WWII
economic system in which the means of production are privately
owned and operated for a profit                                       WWII
another way of saying an alliance system - joining together
countries felt they were more safe from attack                        WWII
President of France during WWII                                       WWII
form of government where one person or party holds all the
power and controls all aspects of the lives of the people             WWII
downturn in the economy - stock market crash - price rise,
wages decrease, unemployment is high                                  WWII
during WWII he was in command of the US troops in the
European theatre - later became the Pres. Of the US                   WWII
the first defeat of the Japanese on land by the Allied forces
                                                                      WWII
city in Japan that the US dropped the first Atomic bomb on
                                                                      WWII
the great increase in the amount of paper money in relation to
the available good for sale, this situation leads to rising prices.
                                                                      WWII
policy of separation from others, not wanting to get involved
with other counrties affairs
                                                                      WWII
         the bloodiest Marine Battle in the history at the time, it was
         the island Mid-way between the US naval bases and Japan - US
         victorious after 25 days of fighting - flag was raised on Iwo
                                                                          WWII
         Jima
         Japanese pilot who takes on a suicide mission                    WWII
         Germany airforce                                                 WWII
         led the US forces in the Pacific                                 WWII
         the site of the battle that became the turning point in the
         Pacific theatre                                                  WWII
         city in Japan that the US dropped the second Atomic bomb on,
         caused the Emperor to surrender                                  WWII
         last island battle for the US troops                             WWII
         General led the attack on Europe from Italy                      WWII
         Capital of Italy                                                 WWII
         a system in which the people as a whole, rather than private
         individuals own all property and operate all businesses          WWII
         Leader of USSR (Russia) from 1924-1954 - During WWII -
         attended the Yalta Conference                                    WWII
         city in USSR where the Germans surrendered to the Russians
                                                                          WWII
         leader of Japan                                                  WWII
         a government where all aspects of the citizens lives are
         controlled by that government                                    WWII
         Pres. Of the US at the end WWII - he was responsible to
         having the A-Bomb dropped                                        WWII
         foreced march of US (allied) POW's by their captures where
         many were beaten and killed along the way                        WWII
         Japanese commander of the Japanese fleet                         WWII

main problems in Europe after World War I?


e weakness of the German republic in the 1920's and 1930's?


 the economic depression have on Europe?
gue of Nations fail?



on underwent great change after World War I?
Allies


Auschwitz


Axis


Blitzkrieg


Capitalism


Churchill


collective security


Dday


DeGaulle


dictatorship
Dunkirk


economic depression


Eisenhower


fascism


Guadalcanal


Hiroshima


Hitler


inflation


isolationism


Iwo Jima


Kamikaze


Luftwaffe


MacArthur
Midway


Missouri


Mussolini


Nagasaki


Okinawa


Patton


Pearl Harbor


Petain


Rome


Rommel


Roosevelt


socialism


Stalin
Stalingrad


Tojo


totalitarian


Truman


Vichy


Wainwright


Yalta


Yamamoto
 1880s Gold mining begins in the Transvaal, emergence of Johannesburg as industrial town
 1899- South African (“Boer”) War, Britain conquers Afrikaner republics - British fight to gain
  1902 lands where gold mines are located.
1906-7 Britain gives parliamentary government to the former Afrikaner republics; only whites
       enfranchised (only whites can vote and participate in government)

  1910 Union of South Africa formed, incorporating 2 former British colonies (Natal, Cape of
       Good Hope) and 2 Boer republics (Transvaal, Orange Free State)
  1912 African National Congress (ANC) formed - political party - Nelson Mandela was an
       important leader of the ANC
  1913 Native Lands Act limted Black African ownership of land to only 7% (they made up
       80% of the population) later it was changed to 13% of the country’s territory, makes
       African squatting & sharecropping on white-owned land illegal

  1923 Native (Urban Areas) Act makes it illegal for Black Africans to purchase land in urban
       areas, tightens up earlier pass laws controlling Africans’ movements

  1936 Native Representation Act removes “Cape Coloured” population’s right to vote, Black
       South Africans no longer allowed to vote
  1948 Afrikaner National Party led by D.F. Malan wins national election


  1949 Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act


  1949 ANC Youth League formed


  1950 Immorality Act, Population Registration Act, Group Areas Act, Suppression of
       Communism Act

  1951 Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act


  1952 Abolition of Passes and Consolidation of Documents Act


 1952- Defiance Campaign launched, includes country-wide strikes, boycotts, demonstrations,
    53 non-violent civil disobedience against apartheid regime

  1953 Bantu Education Act, Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Bantu Authorities Act,
       Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act
1955 Congress of the People at Kliptown adopts Freedom Charter calling for non-racial
     democracy

1956 20,000 African women demonstrate in Pretoria against extension of pass laws to
     women

1956 Riotous Assemblies Act, Industrial Conciliation Act, Native Resettlement Act


1959 Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC) formed


1959 Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act: “Bantustan Policy” = division of Africans
     into black “homelands” corresponding to “traditional” ethnic groups (e.g. Zulu, Sotho,
     Xhosa, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda) in which they are to “develop separately” under
1960 Unlawful Organizations Act


1960 Sharpeville massacre


1961 ANC under Nelson Mandela launches armed struggle through Umkhonto we Sizwe
     (“Spear of the Nation”)

1961 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth, becomes Republic of South Africa


1962 Sabotage Act


1963 Transkei is first territory to win “self-government” under Bantustan policy


1964 Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island


1967 Terrorism Act


1976 Sowetho school children demonstrate against use of Afrikaans as language of
     instruction, spark nation-wide protests and violent police response, many black
     children and youth are killed
1976 Internal Security Act


1977 Murder of Steven Biko, leader of Black Consciousness Movement, by South African
     police while Biko is in detention

1983 United Democratic Front (UDF) formed to coordinate multi-racial opposition to
     apartheid

1986 South African government declares national State of Emergency
1989 F.W. de Klerk becomes president; Mandela and other major black anti-apartheid
     leaders are freed from prison; de Klerk meets with Mandela

1990 ANC, PAC, SACP legalized; State of Emergency lifted in Transvaal, Orange Free State,
     Cape, Natal Provinces; Separate Amenities Act repealed

1990 ANC suspends armed struggle


1991 Population Registration Act, Group Areas Act, Land Act repealed


1991 Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESSA) formed, begins negotiations
     with white government to develop new constitution for non-racial parliamentary
     democracy
1992 Referendum among white population endorses de Klerk’s reform policies by 68.7%
     vote

1994 South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial elections bring Nelson Mandela to power as
     first black president of South Africa

1999 Thabo Mbeki (ANC) elected as new president of South Africa
         Word Bank
Autocracy        Middle-Class-Liberals
Bolsheviks       Moderate-Socialists
Cheka            Monoarch
Communism        Nicholas
Democracy        Petrograd-Soviets
Dictatorship     Reds
Duma             Royalists
Ideology         Socialism
Lenin            Totalitarianism
Marxism          Trotsky
Mensheviks       Whites
1    Cold War

2    Marshall Plan

3    NATO

4    Warsaw Pact

5    space race

6    Korean War

7    democracy

8    capitalism
     Cuban Missle
9    Crisis

10   detente

11   perestroika

12   Glasnost

13   Berlin Airlift

14   Berlin Wall

15   Iron Curtain
     Mikhail
16   Gorbachev

17   sputnik

18   communism
     command
19   economy
     Satellite
20   nation
                      hostility/trouble between US and USSR in the decades following
1    Cold War         WWII (communist/non-communist nations)

2    Marshall Plan    US sends $$$ to help re-build Western Europe

3    NATO             organization set up to stop the spread of communism
                      agreement between USSR and Eastern European nations to
4    Warsaw Pact      protect eachother in the case of an attack
                      competition between USSR and US regarding advancement of
5    space race       space program
                      North Korea (communist) vs. South Korea (non communist); ended
6    Korean War       in armistice and original borders
                      citizens have legislative, judicial and executive powers based on
7    democracy        majority rule
                      economic system based on private ownership..promotes free
8    capitalism       market regulated by supply and demand
     Cuban Missle     Castro allowed USSR to use nuclear missle bases in Cuba; US said
9    Crisis           to remove missles; they were removed

10   detente          policy aimed at relaxing tension between USSR and US

11   perestroika      opening up of Russia for more free enterprise
                      USSR is more open/honest with western nations with less
12   Glasnost         restaints on Russian people
                      the dropping of supplies(by air) into Berlin while the Soviets tried
13   Berlin Airlift   to block-off the city
                      built in 1961 to divide soviet controlled E. Berlin from democratic
14   Berlin Wall      W. Berlin
                      how Churchill described USSR's isolation of Eastern Europe from
15   Iron Curtain     the rest of the world
     Mikhail     USSR leader from 1985-91; contributed to the downfall of
16   Gorbachev   communism

17   sputnik     soviet satellite put into orbit in 1957 (1st man-made satellite)

18   communism   totalitarian system of government
     command
19   economy     an economic system controlled by strong, centralized gov't.
     Satellite   nations conquered by Soviet nations to separate communist
20   nation      nations from Western Europe
abundance                                              a large amount of something
acceptance                                            : approval
accurate                                              : correct; reliable
achievement                                           : accomplishment
acquire:                                              get; obtain
adherence:                                            sticking to; following
adopt:                                                to take up and practice as one's own
advocate:                                             support
aggressive:                                           forceful; self-assertive
availability:                                         capability of being used
artistic:                                             fond of or sensitive to art
centralized:                                          concentrated at one point
characteristic:                                       the distinctive quality of; typical
characterize:                                         to describe by qualities
cohesive:                                             joining or sticking together
conclusion:                                           final decision
constitute:                                           make up, compose
consumer:                                             one of the buying public
cooperative:                                          willing to act with others
decreasing:                                           growing less or smaller
dependence:                                           reliance; trust
discontent:                                           dissatisfied
discourage:                                           to hinder; lessen the confidence of
disorder:                                             confusion dissenter: one who disagrees
disunity:                                             lack of agreement
diversity:                                            difference; variety
domination:                                           control; authority
eliminate:                                            to get rid of
elite:                                                a special group
emerge:                                               to come forth from something
emphasize:                                            to stress as important
enable:                                                to make possible
encourage:                                             to help or foster
endorsing:                                            giving support to
establish:                                             to set up on a lasting basis
equality: having the same rights
ethnic: belonging to a particular racial, or cultural group
evolve: to develop gradually
expansion: an increase in size
expenditure: expense; cost
facilitate: to make easier
factor: an element that produces a result
foster: to help along; promote the development of
hinder: to prevent from occurring
generalization: a broad application or statement
inadequate: insufficient
inspire: to move a person to a particular idea or feeling
instability: unreliability
integration: bringing together as a whole
internal: on the inside; interior
isolation: setting apart from the group
literary: characteristic of literature
maintain: to continue
migration: seasonal move from one region to another
mobility: ability to move easily from one thing to another
moderate: to keep within reasonable limits
mortality: frequency of death
partition: the act of dividing up or separating
persecution: maltreatment because of race, religion, or beliefs
philosophy: the general laws that provide a rational explanation of anything postpone: to delay
predominate: to be superior in power or influence
prejudice: hatred or dislike for a particular group, race, religion, etc.
primarily: essentially; originally
productivity: tendency to increase in quantity or value
prohibit: to prevent; hinder
promote: to further; encourage
prosperity: material well-being
recognition: acknowledgment of a fact
reforms: changes for the better
regional: pertaining to a particular section or region reinforced: strengthened reliance: trust; dependence renew: to restore; to begin a
literacy: the ability to read and write illiteracy: inability to read and write
manorial: during the Middle Ages the system in which land, the manor, was administered by a lord
market economy: an economy based on the buying and selling of goods and services
materialism: the belief that the accumulation of possessions is what is necessary for a good life
mercantilism: economic theory that judged a nation's economic strength on the importation of gold and silver and the establishment of col
militarized: to train, prepare, or equip for warfare
modernization: creation of a stable society capable of producing a high level of goods and services
monarchy: government headed by a king or queen
monsoon: seasonal wind that blows along the Asian coast of the Pacific and from the Indian Ocean. The summer monsoon brings heavy rains,
feeling of pride and devotion to one's
nationalism:
country

nativism: to favor people born in a particular country over those who live in that country but are foreign born.

natural resources: a source of wealth provided by nature, as forests, minerals, and water supply

Neolithic: the period of human culture characterized by the development of a system of settled agriculture

neutral: not taking the part of either side in a dispute

non-alignment: foreign policy of many developing countries to remain neutral with respect to the positions of the United States and the S

war and serving in

pacifist: one who is 0 the military

Pan-Africanism: movement whose goal is to create a unified Africa politically and economically

per-capita: for each person

perestroika: plan for restructuring of the Soviet economy and society by Mikhail Gorbachev

polytheistic: belief in many gods

proletariat: in Marxism, the working class that rises up and overthrows the bourgeoisie

proliferation: to grow rapidly

quotas: a part or a share required for each person, group, or state

revolution: the overthrow or replacement of a government or political system

Russification: the policy of the czars to have the people they conquered be forced to learn the Russian language, culture, and convert to

self-sufficiency: able to support oneself without aid or cooperation from others

scarcity: inadequate supply

social mobility: the ability to move up or down in the social class system

socialism: economic and political system in which society' as a whole, rather than private individuals, owns all property and operates al

tariffs: to fix a price on imported or exported items

terrorism: unlawful acts of violence, such as bombings, hijackings, arson, etc. to publicize and achieve their causes

topography: the physical features of a region

totalitarianism: political system in which the government has a single-party dictatorship and controls every aspect of citizen's lives

tribalism: loyalty and devotion to one's tribe, as opposed to one's nation (nationalism)

universal suffrage:
extended to all

urbanization: movement of large numbers of people from rural villages to cities

the right or privilege of voting

westernization: adoption of western (European) ideas and customs by non-western nations
Key Social Studies Vocabulary to Know

absolutism: the belief that monarchs hold supreme power and are responsible only to God

agrarian: pertaining to land and the agricultural interests of farmers

alliance: any union, coalition, or formal agreement between nations in their common interest

annexation: to add to existing possessions/ territory

apartheid: policy of racial segregation in the Republic of South Africa

appeasement: making concessions to an aggressor in order to preserve the peace

bourgeoisie: in Marxism, the social class opposed to the proletariat or working class
capitalist: a person who invests in business in order to make a profit

cash crops: a crop that can be sold on the world market for money

civil disobedience: refusal to comply with certain laws by means of passive resistance

coalition: temporary alliance between parties in government

colony: territory that an outside power controls directly

collectivization: a system in which the state owns and controls the means of production and distribution

command economy: state controlled economic system

culture: customs, ideas, and way of life of a group of people

cultural diffusion: when a custom or item of a culture moves from one part of the world to another

cultural diversity: variety of customs, ideas, and ways of living among the people within a region or nation

Crusades: series of wars launched by Christians against Muslims who controlled the Holy Lands

decentralization: to break down into smaller units

deforestation:

to clear land of forests and trees

desertification: the spread of desert into semi-arid regions nearby

-
-

-

d'etente: easing of international tension between the Soviet Union an~ the United States

developed countries: countries who have established agriculture, industries, advanced technology, and strong education systems

developing countries: countries who have limited resources, and who face obstacles, such as, overpopulation, natural disasters, and indeb

dynasty: ruling family that passes the right to rule from one member to another

federation: the joining together of two or more states into a union of confederacy

federal republic: a country that has a representative democracy with a centralized government

feudalism: system of rule by local lords who were bound to a king by ties of loyalty

genocide: the systematic extermination or destruction of an entire people or national group

glasnost: policy of openness domestically and towards the West initiated by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev

Green Revolution: scientific efforts to increase the amount of food produced on the same amount of land

humanism: the intellectual and literary movement during the Renaissance characterized by an emphasis on human interests and a study of th

imperialism: domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another cOl:ntry or region

industrialization: to estabr h large-scale industries

interdependence: countri s in the world being dependent upon each other for various resources and products for their mutual b nefit

isolationism: a policy o£ having little to do with foreign nations

laissez-faire: an econo~c system in which the government does not interfer~ with the economy

life expectancy:
individual

Test-Taking Strategies

Key Geography Terms to Know

archipelago: a group or a chain of islands arid: dry

climate: weather conditions of a region over a long period of time
geographic location: where a country is situated in relation to other places

irregular coastline: a coastline that has many natural harbors

isthmus: a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land

latitude:                                                is the distance north or south as measured from the equator

longitude:                                               is the distance east or west as measured from the Prime Meridian

monsoons: seasonal winds: if they blow from the sea they carry rain; if they blow from the land they bring dry air

natural barriers: land forms that help to isolate and!
or protect an area

peninsula: an area of land surrounded on three sides by water

river vaDey: an area surrounding a river that is usually fertile and able to support a large population

strait: a narrow strip of water connecting two larger bodies of land

topography: the physical features (land surfaces) of a
ing postpone: to delay




thened reliance: trust; dependence renew: to restore; to begin again restoring: bringing back to an original condition restrict: to confine retaliation: revenge

 administered by a lord

ecessary for a good life
 the importation of gold and silver and the establishment of colonies to serve the needs of the mother country

evel of goods and services
d from the Indian Ocean. The summer monsoon brings heavy rains, and the winter monsoon brings hot, dry weather.




e in that country but are foreign born.

erals, and water supply

f a system of settled agriculture




ral with respect to the positions of the United States and the Soviet Union




ally and economically




Mikhail Gorbachev




be forced to learn the Russian language, culture, and convert to the Eastern Orthodox religion




ther than private individuals, owns all property and operates all businesses




, etc. to publicize and achieve their causes




rty dictatorship and controls every aspect of citizen's lives

n (nationalism)




estern nations




eir common interest
 of production and distribution




t of the world to another

he people within a region or nation

olled the Holy Lands




e United States

es, advanced technology, and strong education systems

obstacles, such as, overpopulation, natural disasters, and indebtedness in achieving modem industrial economies




ntralized government




 or national group

by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev

ced on the same amount of land

haracterized by an emphasis on human interests and a study of the Greek-Roman classics

tural life of another cOl:ntry or region




or various resources and products for their mutual b nefit




r~ with the economy
uth as measured from the equator

st as measured from the Prime Meridian

hey blow from the land they bring dry air




 to support a large population
ict: to confine retaliation: revenge revival: a renewal of interest in scrutiny: close examination of secure: safe; guaranteed seizure: taking possession of spe
ed seizure: taking possession of specialize: to concentrate on one particular field stability: permanence stimulated: roused into quick action superiority: surpa
into quick action superiority: surpassing in quality suppress: to stop; put an end to by force surpass: to go beyond; excel theory: a plan or idea tradition: cu
theory: a plan or idea tradition: custom/knowledge passed from one generation to the next valid: acceptable; convincing variations: differences; diversity
ations: differences; diversity

				
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Description: Armistice Agreement document sample