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Evidence Based Research on Data Analysis in Schools document sample
Evidence-Based Public Health: Finding & Appraising Relevant Resources Medical Library Association Continuing Education Course Washington, DC May 21, 2004 Course Developers: Elaine Martin, Hathy Simpson, Kristine Alpi, Nancy Allee Tools & Resources for Collection Management of Public Health Materials Learning Objective & Teaching Method Learning Objective: Gain an awareness of tools available for collection management. Teaching Method: Presentation and discussion on collection management of public health materials, including books and journals, government documents, grey literature, data and technical reports, with particular emphasis on evidence-based resources and with time built in for searching relevant websites. Definition: Collection Management collection policy development materials budget allocation selection collection analysis collection use and user studies training and organization of collection development staff preservation cooperative collection development Source: Branin, Joseph, France Groen, and Suzanne Thorin. “The Changing Nature of Collection Management in Research Libraries.” Library Resources & Technical Services, vol. 44, no. 1, January 2000, pp. 23-32. Definition: Evidence-Based Public Health Developing, implementing, and evaluating public health programs or public health policies (in public health terms an "intervention") that have 1) data demonstrating their effectiveness and 2) a grounding in a health behavior theory or ecological model of health. Source: http://www.publichealthsolutions.org/about.html Collection Management & EBPH Evidence-based public health is an emerging area of study on the public health landscape for which no defined call numbers or MeSH (medical subject headings) currently exist, so identifying resources in this area can be somewhat challenging and requires a creative and strategic approach. Libraries are facing a period of reduced budgets and a period of needing to make careful choices because of limited resources, so effective decision making in selecting and acquiring resources is critical. For libraries serving schools and programs in public health, funding agencies are increasingly requiring best evidence approaches, so it is important to have a collection that supports the research and practice in this area. New MLA DocKit Collection Development and Management for Electronic, Audiovisual, and Print Resources in Health Sciences Libraries (MLA DocKit #3, 2nd revised edition, 2004. MLANET: Acquisitions and Collection Development: <http://www.mlanet.org/order/index.html> New Public Health Collection Management Article Wallis, L.C. Collection Development in Public Health: A guide to selection tools. The Acquisitions Librarian. 2004. 31/32: 111-120. Collection Management Policy A collection policy can be thought of as the blueprint, or the master plan, for the health sciences or public health library. It is an essential guide for interpreting and understanding the development and design of a library collection, and it can be used to ensure good stewardship of collection allocations. Class Discussion Examine the sample collection policy in Section 5. Does your library have a collection management policy for public health? What are some similarities and/or differences between your library policy and the sample policy? What are features of the policy you find useful for collection management of public health and evidence-based public health resources? Approval Plans Most approval plans will feature online access which facilitates searching for evidence-based resources. You can search by keywords such as “evidence based public health,” “public health best practices,” and “evidence based practice” to find best evidence resources. Selected list of vendors: Blackwell: <http://www.blackwell.com/> Majors: <https://www.majors.com/> Matthews: <http://www.matthewsbooks.com/services.aspx> Rittenhouse: <http://www.rittenhouse.com/> Journal Reviews Stay current on new publications by maintaining a list of public health journals that include book reviews. Set up a regular schedule for reviewing book recommendations and selecting items for the collection. As a starting point, see the list of public health journals at the Lamar Soutter Library: University of Massachusetts Medical School: Evidence- Based Practice for Public Health Project: <http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/>. Annual Reviews Annual Reviews can be a valuable resource for collection management in identifying current trends by discipline. Chapter articles usually include fairly extensive bibliographies. There is an Annual Review of Public Health as well as annual reviews of fields related to public health. IOM Report The Institute of Medicine, in its 2003 report on public health entitled Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century, identified eight critical areas for public health education in the future. Informatics Genomics Communication Cultural Competence Community-based Participatory Research Global Health Policy and Law Ethics Source: National Academies Press, <http://www.nap.edu/books/030908542X/html/>, 2003, p. 62. Web Resources Professional Organizations Federal Depository Resources State & Local Documents Data Resources Digital Resources Technical Reports Grey Literature Web Resources Cont’d. Grey literature = Non-conventional, fugitive, and sometimes ephemeral publications: reports theses conference proceedings technical specifications and standards non-commercial translations bibliographies technical and commercial documentation official documents not published commercially (primarily government reports and documents) Source: New York Academy of Medicine: What is Grey Literature?: <http://www.nyam.org/library/greywhat.shtml> Class Discussion Select one of the resources from the list of Grey Literature Producing Organizations in Section 5; search the organization’s website; comment on how its resources might be useful for evidence-based collection management. Public Health Subject Mappings & High- Level Web Browsing Public health is an interdisciplinary subject area represented by a wide range of call numbers. Subject maps for defining a public health collection can be used to produce high-level web browsing information from a library’s website related to public health materials. High-level web browsing can include new book lists, journal lists, databases, and other resources. Reference & ILL Establish procedures for identifying requests related to this area to gain an understanding of the types of questions being asked, the nature of research in this area, and ideas for purchase based on items being requested. Programmatic & Grant Initiatives Identify new programmatic initiatives in particular public health schools or programs with which you liaison. Track and monitor faculty grants in the area of public health. Some examples of new programmatic and grant initiatives in public health: Bioterrorism/Emergency Preparedness; Competency-based Training of the Public Health Workforce; Global Health; Public Health Genetics; Public Health Informatics; Women’s Health. Faculty Profiles & Experts Database Create faculty research profiles and an “experts” database to identify key areas of public health research and expertise for both consultation and acquisition purposes. For an example of public health faculty research profiles, see <http://www.sph.umich.edu/faculty_research/ind ex.html>. For an example of a public health expertise database, browse through the topic list at <http://www3.sph.umich.edu/experts/>. Participatory Collection Building & On-Demand Purchasing Encourage faculty, students, and other public health constituents to actively recommend books, journals, and other items for purchase. Consider reserving a portion of the collection budget for these on-demand purchases and to include a note about procedures for this type of purchase in your collection policy. Promote this service in library publications and on the library website. Track the number and cost of these purchases to use in preparing the annual collection budget request. Consortia Consortia can be defined as a cooperative arrangement among institutions with common interests, often for the purpose of sharing resources at reduced costs to the participating individual libraries. Collection Analysis Identify collection strengths and gaps in a collection by working with your library systems office to run various reports on the collection; using collection analysis software; doing a comparative analysis by reviewing statistics comparing your public health collection to that of other libraries. Categories of statistics can include number of volumes, number of items in a particular call number range, circulation and usage, annual expenditures by subject area, number of faculty, students, and courses in a programmatic area supported by the collection. During periods of budget reductions, collection analysis can also be useful in identifying duplicate and low-use serials titles, two categories for potential cancellation. Collection Management Strategies for Evidence-Based Public Health: “Top Ten” List Source: lettermanSmall.jpg, 260 x 200 pixels - 19k biosystems.okstate.edu/undergrad/TopTen.htm Strategies 1) Identify evidence-based public health journal titles and monitor the journals on an ongoing basis for book reviews and announcements of new resources. 2) Work with health sciences and public health librarians to identify commonly used evidence- based public health terms, keywords, identifiers, and phrases and monitor approval plan for titles using this terminology. Strategies 3) Search publishers’ websites on a routine basis for evidence-based public health terms to monitor new publications in this area. 4) Set up an SDI (selective dissemination of information) search in PubMed on evidence- based public health to monitor the literature and authors publishing in this area in order to identify new resources for acquisition. Strategies 5) Review the bibliographies of evidence- based public health books to identify new resources for acquisition. 6) Review public health-related and evidence-based public health websites on a routine basis for new resources. Strategies 7) Develop an evidence-based public health library class to offer at your institution. 8) Prepare subject guides/bibliographies/ pathfinders/new book lists on the subject of evidence-based public health to promote the resources in your library. Strategies 9) Create an evidence-based public health webpage on your library’s website to link to web resources in this area and to promote the resources in your library. Track usage statistics for the site. 10) Work with the development officer in your library to set up a fundraising campaign on evidence-based public health for purchasing a core set of resources in this area. Strategies 11) Organize a seminar on evidence-based public health for faculty, students, and public health constituents; discuss evidence-based approaches in public health research and practice; identify resources that will assist in these initiatives. 12) Take an evidence-based public health continuing education class and incorporate ideas into your collection development and management practices. Strategies 13) Join the Public Health/Health Administration Section’s email group and communicate with colleagues on evidence-based public health collection management issues and trends (see the organization’s website at <http://www.phha.mlanet.org/>). 14) Contact libraries serving other schools of public health to discuss evidence-based public health initiatives, resources, and best practices in collection management [(see a list of accredited schools and programs on the CEPH (Council on Education for Public Health) website at <http://www.ceph.org/>]. Strategies 15) Begin a collective effort to identify and purchase evidence-based resources and make it convenient for faculty, students, and other public health constituents to provide input by putting an easy-to-use recommendation form on your library website. 16) Write a definition of evidence-based public health to include in your collection management policy and determine the level at which you will collect these resources. Class Discussion Share other ideas, suggestions, and strategies for effective collection management of evidence-based public health resources.
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