Evidence Based Research on Data Analysis in Schools

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					  Evidence-Based Public
Health: Finding & Appraising
   Relevant Resources
               Medical Library Association
              Continuing Education Course
                     Washington, DC
                       May 21, 2004
     Course Developers: Elaine Martin, Hathy Simpson,
                Kristine Alpi, Nancy Allee
Tools & Resources for Collection
 Management of Public Health
           Materials
           Learning Objective &
            Teaching Method
 Learning Objective:
   Gain an awareness of tools available for collection
    management.
 Teaching Method:
   Presentation and discussion on collection
    management of public health materials, including
    books and journals, government documents, grey
    literature, data and technical reports, with particular
    emphasis on evidence-based resources and with time
    built in for searching relevant websites.
    Definition: Collection Management
 collection policy development
 materials budget allocation
 selection
 collection analysis
 collection use and user studies
 training and organization of collection
  development staff
 preservation
 cooperative collection development
   Source: Branin, Joseph, France Groen, and Suzanne Thorin. “The Changing Nature
    of Collection Management in Research Libraries.” Library Resources & Technical
    Services, vol. 44, no. 1, January 2000, pp. 23-32.
            Definition: Evidence-Based
                    Public Health
 Developing, implementing, and evaluating
   public health programs or public health
   policies (in public health terms an
   "intervention") that have 1) data
   demonstrating their effectiveness and 2) a
   grounding in a health behavior theory or
   ecological model of health.
 Source: http://www.publichealthsolutions.org/about.html
    Collection Management & EBPH
   Evidence-based public health is an emerging area of study on the
    public health landscape for which no defined call numbers or
    MeSH (medical subject headings) currently exist, so identifying
    resources in this area can be somewhat challenging and requires
    a creative and strategic approach.

   Libraries are facing a period of reduced budgets and a period of
    needing to make careful choices because of limited resources, so
    effective decision making in selecting and acquiring resources is
    critical.

   For libraries serving schools and programs in public health,
    funding agencies are increasingly requiring best evidence
    approaches, so it is important to have a collection that supports
    the research and practice in this area.
             New MLA DocKit
 Collection Development and Management
  for Electronic, Audiovisual, and Print
  Resources in Health Sciences Libraries
  (MLA DocKit #3, 2nd revised edition,
  2004.

 MLANET: Acquisitions and Collection Development:
  <http://www.mlanet.org/order/index.html>
    New Public Health Collection
       Management Article
 Wallis, L.C. Collection Development in
 Public Health: A guide to selection tools.
 The Acquisitions Librarian. 2004. 31/32:
 111-120.
 Collection Management Policy
 A collection policy can be thought of as the
 blueprint, or the master plan, for the health
 sciences or public health library. It is an
 essential guide for interpreting and
 understanding the development and
 design of a library collection, and it can be
 used to ensure good stewardship of
 collection allocations.
          Class Discussion
 Examine the sample collection policy in
 Section 5. Does your library have a
 collection management policy for public
 health? What are some similarities and/or
 differences between your library policy and
 the sample policy? What are features of
 the policy you find useful for collection
 management of public health and
 evidence-based public health resources?
                  Approval Plans
 Most approval plans will feature online access which
  facilitates searching for evidence-based resources.
 You can search by keywords such as “evidence based
  public health,” “public health best practices,” and
  “evidence based practice” to find best evidence
  resources.
 Selected list of vendors:
      Blackwell: <http://www.blackwell.com/>
      Majors: <https://www.majors.com/>
      Matthews: <http://www.matthewsbooks.com/services.aspx>
      Rittenhouse: <http://www.rittenhouse.com/>
             Journal Reviews
 Stay current on new publications by maintaining
  a list of public health journals that include book
  reviews.
 Set up a regular schedule for reviewing book
  recommendations and selecting items for the
  collection.
 As a starting point, see the list of public health
  journals at the Lamar Soutter Library: University
  of Massachusetts Medical School: Evidence-
  Based Practice for Public Health Project:
  <http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/>.
           Annual Reviews
 Annual Reviews can be a valuable
  resource for collection management in
  identifying current trends by discipline.
 Chapter articles usually include fairly
  extensive bibliographies.
 There is an Annual Review of Public
  Health as well as annual reviews of fields
  related to public health.
                       IOM Report
 The Institute of Medicine, in its 2003 report on public
   health entitled Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?
   Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st
   Century, identified eight critical areas for public health
   education in the future.
       Informatics
       Genomics
       Communication
       Cultural Competence
       Community-based Participatory Research
       Global Health
       Policy and Law
       Ethics
 Source: National Academies Press,
   <http://www.nap.edu/books/030908542X/html/>, 2003, p. 62.
           Web Resources
 Professional Organizations
 Federal Depository Resources
 State & Local Documents
 Data Resources
 Digital Resources
 Technical Reports
 Grey Literature
            Web Resources Cont’d.
Grey literature = Non-conventional, fugitive, and
    sometimes ephemeral publications:
        reports
        theses
        conference proceedings
        technical specifications and standards
        non-commercial translations
        bibliographies
        technical and commercial documentation
        official documents not published commercially (primarily
         government reports and documents)

Source: New York Academy of Medicine: What is Grey Literature?:
   <http://www.nyam.org/library/greywhat.shtml>
          Class Discussion
 Select one of the resources from the list of
 Grey Literature Producing Organizations in
 Section 5; search the organization’s
 website; comment on how its resources
 might be useful for evidence-based
 collection management.
 Public Health Subject Mappings & High-
          Level Web Browsing
 Public health is an interdisciplinary subject area
  represented by a wide range of call numbers.
 Subject maps for defining a public health
  collection can be used to produce high-level web
  browsing information from a library’s website
  related to public health materials.
 High-level web browsing can include new book
  lists, journal lists, databases, and other
  resources.
           Reference & ILL
 Establish procedures for identifying
 requests related to this area to gain an
 understanding of the types of questions
 being asked, the nature of research in this
 area, and ideas for purchase based on
 items being requested.
  Programmatic & Grant Initiatives
 Identify new programmatic initiatives in particular public
  health schools or programs with which you liaison.
 Track and monitor faculty grants in the area of public
  health.
 Some examples of new programmatic and grant
  initiatives in public health:
      Bioterrorism/Emergency Preparedness;
      Competency-based Training of the Public Health Workforce;
      Global Health;
      Public Health Genetics;
      Public Health Informatics;
      Women’s Health.
       Faculty Profiles & Experts
               Database
 Create faculty research profiles and an “experts”
  database to identify key areas of public health
  research and expertise for both consultation and
  acquisition purposes.
 For an example of public health faculty research
  profiles, see
  <http://www.sph.umich.edu/faculty_research/ind
  ex.html>.
 For an example of a public health expertise
  database, browse through the topic list at
  <http://www3.sph.umich.edu/experts/>.
 Participatory Collection Building &
      On-Demand Purchasing
 Encourage faculty, students, and other public
  health constituents to actively recommend
  books, journals, and other items for purchase.
 Consider reserving a portion of the collection
  budget for these on-demand purchases and to
  include a note about procedures for this type of
  purchase in your collection policy.
 Promote this service in library publications and
  on the library website.
 Track the number and cost of these purchases
  to use in preparing the annual collection budget
  request.
               Consortia
 Consortia can be defined as a cooperative
 arrangement among institutions with
 common interests, often for the purpose of
 sharing resources at reduced costs to the
 participating individual libraries.
              Collection Analysis
 Identify collection strengths and gaps in a collection by
    working with your library systems office to run various reports on
     the collection;
    using collection analysis software;
    doing a comparative analysis by reviewing statistics comparing
     your public health collection to that of other libraries.
        Categories of statistics can include number of volumes, number of
         items in a particular call number range, circulation and usage,
         annual expenditures by subject area, number of faculty, students,
         and courses in a programmatic area supported by the collection.
 During periods of budget reductions, collection analysis
  can also be useful in identifying duplicate and low-use
  serials titles, two categories for potential cancellation.
Collection Management Strategies
for Evidence-Based Public Health:
           “Top Ten” List




                       Source: lettermanSmall.jpg, 260 x 200 pixels - 19k
                       biosystems.okstate.edu/undergrad/TopTen.htm
                 Strategies
1) Identify evidence-based public health journal
  titles and monitor the journals on an ongoing
  basis for book reviews and announcements of
  new resources.
2) Work with health sciences and public health
  librarians to identify commonly used evidence-
  based public health terms, keywords, identifiers,
  and phrases and monitor approval plan for titles
  using this terminology.
                  Strategies
3) Search publishers’ websites on a routine basis
  for evidence-based public health terms to
  monitor new publications in this area.
4) Set up an SDI (selective dissemination of
  information) search in PubMed on evidence-
  based public health to monitor the literature and
  authors publishing in this area in order to identify
  new resources for acquisition.
               Strategies
5) Review the bibliographies of evidence-
  based public health books to identify new
  resources for acquisition.
6) Review public health-related and
  evidence-based public health websites on
  a routine basis for new resources.
               Strategies
7) Develop an evidence-based public health
  library class to offer at your institution.
8) Prepare subject guides/bibliographies/
  pathfinders/new book lists on the subject
  of evidence-based public health to
  promote the resources in your library.
                 Strategies
9) Create an evidence-based public health
  webpage on your library’s website to link to web
  resources in this area and to promote the
  resources in your library. Track usage statistics
  for the site.
10) Work with the development officer in your
  library to set up a fundraising campaign on
  evidence-based public health for purchasing a
  core set of resources in this area.
                 Strategies
11) Organize a seminar on evidence-based public
  health for faculty, students, and public health
  constituents; discuss evidence-based
  approaches in public health research and
  practice; identify resources that will assist in
  these initiatives.
12) Take an evidence-based public health
  continuing education class and incorporate
  ideas into your collection development and
  management practices.
                 Strategies
13) Join the Public Health/Health Administration
  Section’s email group and communicate with
  colleagues on evidence-based public health
  collection management issues and trends (see
  the organization’s website at
  <http://www.phha.mlanet.org/>).
14) Contact libraries serving other schools of
  public health to discuss evidence-based public
  health initiatives, resources, and best practices
  in collection management [(see a list of
  accredited schools and programs on the CEPH
  (Council on Education for Public Health) website
  at <http://www.ceph.org/>].
                 Strategies
15) Begin a collective effort to identify and
  purchase evidence-based resources and make it
  convenient for faculty, students, and other public
  health constituents to provide input by putting an
  easy-to-use recommendation form on your
  library website.
16) Write a definition of evidence-based public
  health to include in your collection management
  policy and determine the level at which you will
  collect these resources.
          Class Discussion
 Share other ideas, suggestions, and
 strategies for effective collection
 management of evidence-based public
 health resources.

				
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