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Eliot Spitzer

Eliot Spitzer
Eliot Spitzer Alma mater Profession Religion Princeton University Harvard Law School Attorney Jewish[1][2]

54th Governor of New York In office January 1, 2007 – March 17, 2008 Lieutenant Preceded by Succeeded by David Paterson George Pataki David Paterson

63rd New York State Attorney General In office January 1, 1999 – December 31, 2006 Governor Preceded by Succeeded by Born Nationality Political party Spouse Children Residence George Pataki Dennis Vacco Andrew Cuomo June 10, 1959 (1959-06-10) The Bronx, New York American Democratic Silda Wall Spitzer 3 Manhattan, New York

Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is an American lawyer and former politician of the Democratic Party. He served as Governor of New York from January 2007 until his resignation on March 17, 2008 in the wake of his involvement in a high-priced prostitution ring. Prior to being elected governor, Spitzer served as New York State Attorney General. Spitzer was born and raised in Riverdale, in The Bronx borough of New York City, to real estate tycoon Bernard Spitzer and Anne Spitzer, an English literature professor.[3] He attended Princeton University for his undergraduate studies and Harvard University for law school. It was there that he met his future wife, Silda Wall. After earning his Juris Doctor degree, Spitzer joined the law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. Two years later, he joined the Manhattan District Attorney’s office, headed by Robert M. Morgenthau, to pursue organized crime. He launched the investigation that brought down the Gambino family’s control over Manhattan’s garment and trucking industries. In 1992, Spitzer left to work at the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom and, later, Constantine and Partners. In the 1998 election, Spitzer defeated incumbent Republican Dennis Vacco by a slim margin to become New York State Attorney General. His campaign was financed by a controversial multi-million dollar loan from his father. As attorney general, Spitzer prosecuted cases relating to corporate white collar crime, securities fraud, internet fraud and environmental protection. He most notably pursued cases against companies involved in computer chip price fixing, investment bank stock price inflation, predatory lending practices by mortgage lenders,fraud at American International Group,[4] and the 2003 mutual fund scandal. He also sued Richard Grasso, the former chairman of the New York Stock

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Exchange, claiming he had failed to fully inform the board of directors of his deferred compensation package, which exceeded $140 million.[5] In 2006, Spitzer was elected governor of New York after defeating Republican John Faso in the November election. During his time in office, he proposed a bill to legalize same-sex marriage in New York and issued an executive order allowing undocumented immigrants to be issued driver’s licenses, which have both attracted controversy. In July 2007, he was admonished for his administration’s involvement in ordering the State Police to record the whereabouts of State Senate majority leader Joseph L. Bruno. On March 10, 2008, The New York Times reported that Spitzer was a client of a prostitution ring under investigation by the federal government. Two days later, he announced his resignation as governor of New York, effective March 17, citing "private failings."[6][7]

Eliot Spitzer
Wall. They married on October 17, 1987 and together they have three daughters. Spitzer was an editor of the Harvard Law Review. One of Spitzer’s classmates at Harvard Law School was Jim Cramer, host of CNBC’s Mad Money, on which Spitzer has appeared or called in on three occasions.

Legal career
Upon receiving his Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, Spitzer clerked for Judge Robert W. Sweet in Manhattan, then joined the law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. He stayed there for less than two years before leaving to join the Manhattan District Attorney’s office. Spitzer joined the staff of Manhattan District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau, where he became chief of the labor-racketeering unit, spending six years pursuing organized crime. His biggest case came in 1992, when Spitzer led the investigation that ended the Gambino organized crime family’s control of Manhattan’s trucking and garment industries. Spitzer devised a plan to set up his own sweatshop in the city’s garment district, turning out shirts, pants and sweaters, and hiring 30 laborers. The shop manager eventually got close to the Gambinos, and officials were able to plant a bug in their office. The Gambinos, rather than being charged with extortion, which was hard to prove, were charged with antitrust violations. Thomas and Joseph Gambino and two other defendants took the deal and avoided jail by pleading guilty, paying $12 million in fines and agreeing to stay out of the business.[13] Spitzer left the District Attorney’s office in 1992 to work at the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, where he stayed until 1994. From 1994 to 1998 he worked at the law firm Constantine and Partners on a number of consumer rights and antitrust cases.

Early life and background
Eliot Spitzer was born on June 10, 1959 in the Bronx, the son of Anne (née Goldhaber), a former teacher, and Bernard Spitzer, a real estate mogul.[8][9] Both set of grandparents immigrated to New York City in 1920s. His paternal grandparents were Galician Jews born in Tluste, Poland. His maternal grandparents were born in the 1890s in Israel.[8][10] Spitzer is the youngest of three children. His older brother Daniel Spitzer is a neurosurgeon in New York’s Rockland County and his sister Emily Spitzer is executive director of the District of Columbia Bar Foundation. Spitzer was raised in the affluent Riverdale section of The Bronx in New York City. His family was not particularly religious and Spitzer did not have a bar mitzvah.[11] He is a graduate of Horace Mann School. After scoring 1590 on the SAT exam,[11] Spitzer attended Princeton University and majored in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. At Princeton, he was elected chairman of the undergraduate student government, and graduated in 1981. He scored a perfect score on the LSAT,[12] and went on to Harvard Law School, where he met and married Silda

Political career
See also: Electoral history of Eliot Spitzer In 1994, Spitzer put aside his private practice to concentrate on attaining the elected office of New York State Attorney General. He lost in the 1994 election but was successfully elected in the next election in 1998. He has since become one of New York’s most

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recognizable Democratic politicians. On November 7, 2006, he was elected Governor of New York.

Eliot Spitzer
In January 2006, Spitzer selected New York State Senate minority leader David Paterson as his choice for Lieutenant Governor and running mate. After announcing his candidacy, Spitzer was endorsed by numerous New Yorkers, including state Comptroller Alan Hevesi and two former New York City mayors, David Dinkins and Ed Koch. On May 30, 2006, Spitzer and Paterson won the endorsement of the New York State Democratic party.[16] A June 2006 Quinnipiac poll showed him leading Nassau county executive Thomas Suozzi 76-13 percent.[17] On July 25, 2006, he faced Suozzi in a gubernatorial debate held at Pace University in Manhattan, discussing issues such as public authorities and Medicaid.[18] When asked about marijuana, Spitzer stated that he disagrees with medicinal use of the drug, claiming that other medicines were more effective.[19] In the Democratic primary held on September 12, 2006, Spitzer handily defeated Suozzi, securing his party’s nomination with 81 percent of the vote. On October 5, Spitzer, addressing the Empire State Pride Agenda, declared that as governor he would work to legalize gay marriage in New York.[20] Spitzer was elected Governor on November 7, 2006 with 69 percent of the vote, defeating Republican John Faso and Libertarian John Clifton, among others.

Campaigns for Attorney General
In 1994, long-serving Democratic New York State Attorney General Robert Abrams decided to leave office after having unsuccessfully challenged Al D’Amato for the seat of U.S. Senator from New York in 1992. Several Democrats saw weakness in Abrams’ replacement as Attorney General, G. Oliver Koppell, and ran for the party’s nomination, Spitzer among them. At the time, he was young and unknown, and, despite heavy funding from his own family, his campaign ended when he placed last among four candidates for the nomination. Judge Karen Burstein won. Burstein subsequently lost to Republican Dennis Vacco in the general election, part of a Republican sweep that included the election of Governor George Pataki. That election of a Republican in 1994 allowed Spitzer to run again in 1998. Now more experienced in party politics, he won the Democratic primary, defeating Koppell, State Senator Catherine Abbate, local representative Jeff Orlick, and former Governor’s Counsel Charles Davis. He went on to defeat the incumbent Vacco by 48.2 percent of the vote to Vacco’s 47.6 percent. He ran for reelection in 2002, opposed by Republican Judge Dora Irizarry. Spitzer won re-election, this time with 66 percent of the vote. In 2004, The Nation endorsed Spitzer as a possible Democratic candidate for vice president, stating that he was ’the single most effective battler against corporate abuses in either political party’. [14] He was, however, not chosen.

Work as Attorney General
As Attorney General, Spitzer stepped up the profile of the office. Traditionally, state attorneys general have pursued consumer rights cases, concentrating on local fraud while deferring national issues to the federal government. Breaking with this traditional deference, Spitzer took up civil actions and criminal prosecutions relating to corporate whitecollar crime, securities fraud, Internet fraud, and environmental protection.[21] A number of experts, including economists, lawyers, and political analysts have commented on Spitzer’s active role in public policy debates. The New York Attorney General’s office has Wall Street (and thus many leading corporate and financial institutions) within its jurisdiction. Also, the New York Attorney General wields greater than usual powers of investigation and prosecution as to

Gubernatorial campaign
On December 8, 2004, Spitzer announced his intention to seek the Democratic nomination for governor of New York. While long rumored, Spitzer’s announcement was unusually early—nearly two years before the election. As a result of Spitzer’s relative speed in bringing state Democrats to his side, he gained the respect of Democratic leaders nationwide. New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson dubbed Spitzer the "future of the Democratic Party" at a fund raiser held in June 2005 for Spitzer’s gubernatorial campaign.[15]

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corporations under New York State’s General Business Law. In particular, under Article 23-A, § 352 (more commonly known as the Martin Act of 1921), the New York Attorney General has the power to subpoena witnesses and company documents pertaining to investigations of fraud or illegal activity by a corporation. Spitzer used this statute to allow his office to prosecute cases which have been described as within federal jurisdic[22][23] In January 2005, the president of tion. the U.S. Chamber of Commerce described Spitzer’s approach as "the most egregious and unacceptable form of intimidation we’ve seen in this country in modern times".[24] Spitzer used this authority in his civil actions against corporations and criminal prosecutions against their officers. It proved its usefulness in the wake of several U.S. corporate scandals that began with the collapse of Enron in 2001. Several of these corporations, as well as the brokerage houses that sold their stock, were accused of having inflated stock values by unethical means throughout the 1990s. When inquiries into these allegations by the SEC and Congress failed to gain traction, Spitzer’s office used its subpoena power to obtain corporate documents, building cases against the firms both in courtrooms and in public opinion.

Eliot Spitzer
Magazine "outlined what may have been a willful effort by Eliot Spitzer and his father to circumvent campaign-contribution limits in New York state law and then conceal their actions."[26] In 1998, Spitzer claimed that he secured the $5 million loan by mortgaging apartments his father had given him, but later revealed that his father was actually paying off the loans and, therefore, financing his campaign.[25][26]

Governorship
See also: Cabinet of Eliot Spitzer At the traditional midnight ceremony, Spitzer was sworn in as governor of New York on January 1, 2007. A public ceremony was held at 1 p.m. on the same day which featured brass and percussion players from the Empire State Youth Orchestra[28] Bucking tradition, the ceremony was held outdoors – the first outdoor inauguration ceremony in New York for over a century.[29] After taking the oath of office, he attended a concert at the Times Union Center in his honor, headlined by James Taylor and Natalie Merchant.
The Spitzer Executive Chamber OFFICE Governor Lieutenant Governor NAME Eliot Spitzer David Paterson TERM 2007 – 2008 2007 – 2008

Notable cases
In addition to prosecutions and civil actions in the financial sector, Spitzer has pursued cases in both state and federal courts involving pollution, entertainment, technology, prostitution, corruption, occupational safety and health and other fields in which New York plays a part in setting and maintaining national standards of conduct.

Secretary to the Governor General Counsel

Rich Baum

2007 – 2008

David Nocenti Darren Dopp Christine Anderson

2007 – 2008

Loan investigation
The New York State Senate Investigations committee is considering investigating a controversial multi-million dollar loan the governor’s father Bernard Spitzer gave him when he ran for attorney general in 1998, a loan the younger Spitzer has acknowledged not being truthful about.[25][26] Senate Investigations Committee Chairman George Winner told The New York Post that subpoenas should be used to find out about the loans.[27] Winner wrote to Senate Elections Committee Chairman Senator Joseph Griffo that an article profiling Spitzer in New York

Communications Director

2007 – 2007 2007 – 2008

Director of State Operations

Olivia Golden Paul Francis

2007 – 2008 2008 – 2008

Chief of Staff

Marlene Turner

2007 – 2008

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Office of the Attorney General Office of the Inspector General Office of the Comptroller Andrew Cuomo Kristine Hamann Thomas Sanzillo (Acting) Thomas DiNapoli Department of Agriculture and Markets Department of Banking Department of Civil Service Department of Correctional Services Department of Environmental Conservation Department of Education Department of Health Department of Insurance Department of Labor Department of Motor Vehicles Department of Military & Naval Affairs Department of Public Service Patrick Hooker 2007 – 2008 Department of Taxation & Finance Department of Transportation 2007 – 2007 Robert L. Megna

Eliot Spitzer
2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008 Astrid C. Glynn 2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

Roadblocks to reform
Spitzer’s reform-based platform, and his pledge "to change the ethics of Albany", hit an early roadblock when his ideas on how to fill vacancies in the executive department were defeated by the state legislature. According to the New York State Constitution, it is the duty of the state legislature to fill executive vacancies. The Governor was criticized as unreasonable for admonishing the legislature when it took constitutional actions. The appointment of state assemblyman Thomas DiNapoli to succeed disgraced Alan Hevesi as Comptroller of the State of New York was a serious blow to the new governor. Spitzer had backed an outside panel to draft a list of qualified candidates. The legislature revolted when the panel failed to select one of its own.[30] Spitzer’s choice was New York City Finance Commissioner Martha Stark, who was selected by a panel that consisted of former State Comptroller Edward Regan, former State Comptroller Carl McCall and former New York City Comptroller Harrison J. Goldin. On February 7, 2007, when the Legislature voted, Stark was one of two names put into nomination, along with Assemblyman Thomas DiNapoli of Long Island, Assembly Leader Sheldon Silver’s choice. The final vote was 150 for DiNapoli and 56 for Stark. Stark’s main support came from Democrats in the Senate, along with Republicans in both chambers. Spitzer traveled to the home districts of various Democratic assembly members to publicly criticize them for their vote on DiNapoli. He visited the regions of Syracuse Assemblyman William B. Magnarelli and George S. Latimer of Westchester County, and had plans to continue his pressure.[31][32] Some Assembly Democrats were alienated over the incident, and questioned Spitzer’s refusal of extending special treatment to party members seeking local political appointments.[33]

2007 – 2008

Richard H. Neiman Nancy G. Groenwegen Brian Fischer

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

Alexander Pete Grannis Richard P. Mills Richard F. Daines Eric R. Dinallo M. Patricia Smith David Swarts Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Taluto Patricia Acompora Garry A. Brown

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008

2007 – 2008 2008 – 2008

Secretary of State

Lorraine CortésVázquez

2007 – 2008

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One of Spitzer’s key campaign pledges was to reform the state budget process. While the state did pass a budget on schedule in 2007, the ultimate results fell short of what many reformers hoped Spitzer would achieve. The New York Post opined, "Spitzer promised reform, and delivered something completely different" and termed the budget itself "bitterly disappointing."[34] Spitzer’s budget quickly turned into a deficit, as by the end of October it was projected the state would run a deficit exceeding $4 billion for the year. During Spitzer’s first year the state payroll increased, aggravating budget problem.[35] Despite increasing the public sector payroll, in late 2007 New York State started leading the nation in lost jobs. The 2008-09 budget includes measures to counter financial effects of the crisis in the financial sector starting in the second half of 2007.[36] Spitzer was criticized by members of the New York State Legislature for failing to compromise on issues during his first few months as governor. In a now infamous exchange, Spitzer told New York State Assembly Minority Leader James Tedisco: "Listen, I’m a fucking steamroller and I’ll roll over you and anybody else." According to The New York Post, Spitzer confirmed the exchange the following day.[37] Spitzer’s reputation as a "steamroller" was shared by a plurality of New Yorkers in a Quinnipiac University poll, but by a 3 to 1 margin they believed the tactic had been unsuccessful and had only added to political gridlock.[38] Tedisco later accused Spitzer of cutting $300,000 of state funding for health care and education grants in the Schenectady area as retaliation for Tedisco’s opposition to the Spitzer plan to allow illegal immigrants New York State driver’s licenses.[39] Tedisco accused the Governor of "dirty tricks" and "bullying".[40] In the wake of the controversy involving the "troopergate" scandal involving Bruno, Spitzer was accused of pandering to special interest groups to solidify his base of support. "The governor who took office vowing to clean up Albany has lost so much public support that he is reduced to feathering the nest of the unions and other liberals", wrote Michael Goodwin of the Daily News.[41] In February 2008, the Washington Post published an op-ed written by Spitzer in which he criticized the Bush Administration

Eliot Spitzer
for inhibiting States from pursuing predatory lenders.[42]

Proposal to legalize same-sex marriage
In April 2007, Spitzer proposed a bill that would legalize same-sex marriage in New York. State Senate Majority Leader Joe Bruno announced his opposition to the proposal.[43] This legislation passed in the State Assembly on June 19, 2007, but died in the State Senate and was returned to the Assembly.[44]

Controversy over use of State Police for surveillance
On July 23, 2007, New York State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo’s office admonished the Spitzer administration for ordering the State Police to keep special records of Senate majority leader Joseph L. Bruno’s whereabouts when he traveled with police escorts in New York City.[45] At the direction of top officials of the Spitzer administration, the New York State Police created documents meant to cause political damage to Bruno.[46] A 57-page report issued by the Attorney General’s office concluded that Spitzer engaged in creating media coverage concerning Senator Bruno’s travel.[47] The investigation looked into both Bruno’s travel and the Senate leader’s allegation that Spitzer used State Police to spy on him.[48] Cuomo concluded that "These e-mails show that persons in the governor’s office did not merely produce records under a FOIL [Freedom of Information Law] request, but were instead engaged in planning and producing media coverage concerning Senator Bruno’s travel on state aircraft before any FOIL request was made."[49][50] It also suggests that the governor’s staff lied when they tried to explain what they had done and forced the State Police to go far beyond their normal procedures in documenting Bruno’s whereabouts.[25] The report cleared Bruno of any misuse of the state’s air fleet, which had been alleged.[51][52][53][46] The report criticized Spitzer’s office for using State Police resources to gather information about Bruno’s travel and releasing the information to the media.[52] The findings of the report were endorsed by Spitzer’s own Inspector General, Kristine Hamann.[45][52][53][48]

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Spitzer responded at a July 23 press conference that "As governor, I am accountable for what goes on in the executive branch and I accept responsibility for the actions of my office"[45] and that his administration had "grossly mishandled"[45] the situation.[53] Spitzer subsequently announced that he would indefinitely suspend his communications director, Darren Dopp, and reassign another top official.[54] When questioned about his promise to bring ethical responsibility to state politics, Spitzer responded by saying "I will not tolerate this behavior",[45] "ethics and accountability must and will remain rigorous in my administration,"[46] and that "I have always stated that I want ethics and integrity to be the hallmarks of my administration. That is why I requested that the State Inspector General review the allegations with respect to my office, and that is why we have fully cooperated with both inquiries."[51] The investigations of the event, dubbed "Troopergate" by media outlets, have not been affected by Spitzer’s resignation.[55] As of March 2008, four probes by the state Attorney General’s office, the State Senate Investigations Committee, the Albany County District Attorney’s Office, and the New York Commission on Public Integrity are ongoing.[56][57]

Eliot Spitzer
Following the State Senate’s vote, Spitzer revised his plan again, proposing the issuance of a third type of driver’s license.[63] This driver’s license would be available only to United States citizens who are New York State residents, and would be valid for crossing the Canadian border.[63] Spitzer also announced that the expiration dates of temporary visas would be printed on the driver’s licenses of individuals living in the country with them.[63] On November 14, the day following the release of a poll showing the proposal as extremely unpopular with voters, Spitzer announced he would withdraw the plan, acknowledging that it would never be implemented.[64][65][66] The decision drew derision from the press, as the Associated Press termed this reversal a "surrender."[67] WCBS-TV labeled him "Governor FlipFlop."[66] State Senator Rubén Díaz of the Bronx said he was "betrayed" by Spitzer’s abandonment of the plan.[68]

Approval as Governor
As of November 13, 2007, Spitzer’s approval rating as Governor was 33 percent,[69] a further decline from his 44% approval rating of October 24, 2007.[70] A later poll showed that New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg would defeat Spitzer were he to seek reelection.[71] Two polls in December 2007 showed further erosion in Spitzer’s public standing.[72]

Controversy over driver’s licenses for illegal immigrants
On September 21, 2007, Spitzer issued an executive order directing that state offices allow illegal immigrants to be issued driver’s licenses effective December 2007.[58][59] Applicants for driver’s licenses would not be required to prove legal immigration status and would be allowed to present a foreign passport as identification.[59] After meeting with the Department of Homeland Security in October 2007, Spitzer altered the plan so that licenses issued to illegal aliens would look different from other licenses and that the new licenses would not allow access to airplanes and federal buildings.[60] On October 21, 2007, the State Senate voted to oppose the Spitzer plan by a 39–19 vote.[61][62] Eight Democrats from moderate districts broke with Spitzer on the [61][62] After the vote, The New York vote. Times called this issue "Mr. Spitzer’s single most unpopular decision since he took office."

Scandal and resignation
On March 10, 2008, The New York Times reported that Spitzer had previously patronized a high-priced prostitution service called Emperors Club VIP[73] and met for over two hours with a $1,000-an-hour call girl New York City singer going by the name Ashley Alexandra Dupré (legal name Ashley Rae Maika DiPietro, born Ashley Youmans)[74]. This information originally came to the attention of authorities from a federal wiretap.[75][76][77][78] Spitzer had at least seven or eight liaisons with women from the agency over six months, and paid more than $15,000.[79][80] According to published reports, investigators believe Spitzer paid up to $80,000 for prostitutes over a period of several years while he was Attorney General, and later as Governor.[81][82][83] Spitzer first drew the attention of federal investigators

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when his bank reported suspicious money transfers, which initially led investigators to believe that Spitzer may have been hiding bribe proceeds. The investigation of the governor led to the discovery of the prostitution ring.[84] In the wake of the revelations, Spitzer announced on March 12 that he would resign his post as Governor effective at noon of March 17, amid threats of his impeachment by state lawmakers.[6] "I cannot allow for my private failings to disrupt the people’s work," Spitzer said at a news conference in New York City. "Over the course of my public life, I have insisted – I believe correctly – that people take responsibility for their conduct. I can and will ask no less of myself. For this reason, I am resigning from the office of governor."[81][85]

Eliot Spitzer
legal work in an effort to improve his reputation.[89] In November 2008, prosecutors in charge of the case announced that Spitzer would not face criminal charges for his involvement in the sex ring citing they found no evidence of misuse of public funds and therefore pressing charges would not serve the public interest. Spitzer offered an apology for his conduct saying "I appreciate the impartiality and thoroughness of the investigation by the U.S. Attorney’s Office, and I acknowledge and accept responsibility for the conduct it disclosed."[90] Later in the month, The Washington Post published a Spitzer opinion piece conveying his analysis of the financial crisis of 2008 and suggested remedies. Spitzer concluded the piece by saying that he hoped the Obama Administration would make the right policy choices, "although mistakes I made in my private life now prevent me from participating in these issues as I have in the past."[91] On December 3rd, 2008, Slate magazine published the first of a new column by Spitzer dedicated to the economy. [92] In March 2009 Spitzer was interviewed by Fareed Zakaria, the discussion centered around the 2008 financial crisis. Spitzer argued that as attorney general he was active in pursuing white collar crime and that he had investigated many of the investment banks that have been blamed for contributing to the crisis. On April 7, 2009, it was announced that Spitzer’s first scheduled extended publicspeaking engagement would be a discussion with the New York chapter of the Entrepreneurs’ Organization to take place on June 17th. [93]

Post-resignation developments
Since resigning, Spitzer has kept a relatively low profile, but close friends have stated that Spitzer spends most of his time with his family, and regularly meets with lawyers in his father Bernard’s real estate office in Manhattan. Spitzer and his wife have entered couples therapy.[86] On July 16, 2008, The New York Times made public that Spitzer used campaign funds to pay for two Mayflower Hotel bookings, $411.06 apiece, where he was suspected to have met with prostitutes. While it remains unclear if Spitzer actually stayed in the hotel on the nights he booked, The Times has stated that Spitzer met with prostitutes in early 2008. Spitzer declined to comment on the issue.[87] According to an article published on July 23, 2008 in The New York Times, the state ethics committee is continuing their investigation into his administration’s handling of travel records. If found guilty of wrongdoing, he faces a maximum $10,000 fine. The Times also reported that federal investigators are still debating on whether or not to bring about criminal charges against Spitzer for his involvement in the prostitution scandal. Spitzer has declined to comment on the recent developments.[88] In September 2008, The New York Times reported that Spitzer is considering entering philanthropic, environmental, or pro bono

1998 New York State Democratic Ticket
• • • • • Governor: Peter Vallone, Sr. Lieutenant Governor: Sandra Frankel Comptroller: Carl McCall Attorney General: Eliot Spitzer U.S. Senate: Charles Schumer

2002 New York State Democratic Ticket
• Governor: Carl McCall

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• Lieutenant Governor: Dennis Mehiel • Comptroller: Alan Hevesi • Attorney General: Eliot Spitzer

Eliot Spitzer

[9] "The Ancestors of Eliot Spitzer". http://www.wargs.com/political/ spitzer.html. [10] Jaffee, Martin (April 4, 2008). "Small college awakened future senator to service". JTNews. http://www.jtnews.net/ index.php?/columnists/item/4197/C6. Retrieved on April 16, 2009. • Governor: Eliot Spitzer [11] ^ Hakim, Danny. "A Gilded Path to • Lieutenant Governor: David Paterson Political Stardom, With Detours", New • Comptroller: Alan Hevesi York Times, October 12, 2006. Abstract • Attorney General: Andrew Cuomo retrieved January 1, 2007. • U.S. Senate: Hillary Rodham Clinton [12] Healy, Patrick."An Ill-Timed Candidate Believes His Time Is Now", New York Times, October 18, 2006. Retrieved January 1, 2007. [1] "National Governors Association [13] Ignatius, Adi (December 30, 2002). "Wall Governor’s Information". Street’s Top Cop". Time. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/ menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/ article/0,9171,1003960,00.html. ?vgnextoid=1f99417491fbf010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=cc34ee3e01492010V Retrieved on 2006-11-04. [2] "New York Times: Gilded Path to [14] http://www.thenation.com/blogs/ Political Stardom, With Detours". thebeat?bid=1&pid=1295 http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/12/ [15] "Richardson praises Eliot Spitzer as nyregion/ "future" of Democratic Party". Associated 12spitzer.html?pagewanted=3&n=Top/ Press. 2005-06-02. Reference/Times%20Topics/Subjects/A/ http://www.freenewmexican.com/news/ Attorneys%20General. 14376.html. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. [3] Lowenstein, Roger. "As Governor, What [16] Hakim, Danny (2006-05-30). "Convention Would His Battles Be?", The New York Notebook; Controversy Over Ground Times, July 16, 2006. Accessed April 13, Zero’s Fate Is Front and Center in 2008. "Eliot and his two siblings grew up Buffalo". The New York Times. in the prosperous Riverdale enclave of http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/30/ the Bronx, fed on progressive politics nyregion/30cnd-convene.html. Retrieved and duly enrolled in private schools." on 2006-11-04. [4] WaPo-Spitzer: How to Ground The Street [17] "Faso Convention Bubble Goes Flat In [5] Dolmetsch, Chris (2008-03-13). ""Cheers Gov Race, Quinnipiac University New on NYSE Floor, Shock in Albany: York State Poll Finds; Spitzer Still Has Spitzer’s Fall"". 40-Point Lead Over Faso, Suozzi". http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/ Associated Press. 2006-06-21. news?pid=20601103&sid=ad0ZcUfS5juk&refer=us. http://www.quinnipiac.edu/ Retrieved on 2008-03-13. x11373.xml?ReleaseID=928. Retrieved [6] ^ "Spitzer to step down by Monday". on 2006-11-04. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/ [18] Robin, Josh (2006-07-25). "Spitzer, POLITICS/03/12/spitzer/index.html. Suozzi Face-Off In Sole Gubernatorial Retrieved on 2008-03-12. Debate". NY 1 News. [7] ""Spitzer’s Resignation Speech: http://www.ny1.com/ny1/content/ Transcript"". The Huffington Post. index.jsp?&aid=61294&search_result=1&stid=3. 2008-03-12. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/03/ [19] Gray, Geoffrey (2006-08-14). "Spitzer 12/spitzers-resignationChokes on Pot Deal". New York spe_n_91157.html. Retrieved on Magazine. http://newyorkmetro.com/ 2008-03-13. news/intelligencer/18863/. Retrieved on [8] ^ "Gilded Path to Political Stardom, With 2006-11-04. Detours". http://www.nytimes.com/2006/ [20] Hakim, Danny (2006-10-07). "Spitzer 10/12/nyregion/12spitzer.html. Vows to Push for Gay Marriage". The

2006 New York State Democratic Ticket

References

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eliot Spitzer

New York Times. February 12, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/07/ 2007. nyregion/ [32] Hakim, Danny. "On Tour to Talk Up 07gays.html?ex=1317873600&en=39318db372a95934&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss. Budget Plan, Spitzer Stays on Attack", Retrieved on 2006-11-04. New York Times, February 13, 2007. [21] Daniel, Gross (2004-10-21). "Eliot Spitzer Retrieved July 28, 2007. - How New York’s attorney general [33] Gershman, Jacob. "Democrats Deny became the most powerful man on Wall Governor Cover" New York Sun (25 July Street". Slate. http://www.slate.com/id/ 2007). 2108509/sidebar/2108525. Retrieved on [34] "ELIOT’S EDUCATION", New York Post, 2008-03-14. April 3, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2007. [22] Kroft, Steve (2003-05-25). "The Sheriff [35] "State payroll jumps with Spitzer". Of Wall Street". CBS News. http://www.bizjournals.com/buffalo/ http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/ stories/2007/12/10/ 05/23/60minutes/main555310.shtml. daily37.html?ana=from_rss. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. [36] "2008-09 Executive Budget, Eliot [23] Keating, Raymond J. (2006-08-21). Spitzer" (PDF). "Spitzer’s ’federalist papers’ are http://publications.budget.state.ny.us/ onerous". Newsday. eBudget0809/ http://blog.nysrpa.org/?p=513. Retrieved ExecutiveBudgetPresentation2008-09Final.pdf. , on 2006-11-04. retrieved 2008-03-14 [24] "U.S. group is taking on Spitzer". [37] Dicker, Fredric. Full Steam Ahead for International Herald Tribune. Spunky Spitz, New York Post, February 2005-01-06. http://www.iht.com/bin/ 1, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/01/05/ [38] "Spitzer Knew About Troopergate And business/spitzer.php. Retrieved on Should Testify, New York State Voters 2006-11-04. Tell Quinnipiac University Poll; [25] ^ Hakim, Danny. "His Aura Faded Now, Comptroller Should Share Pension Spitzer Faces Bolder Enemies", New Decisions, Voters Say". York Times, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on http://www.quinnipiac.edu/ July 28, 2007. x1318.xml?ReleaseID=1107. [26] ^ Dicker, Fredric. "GOP PUTS HEAT ON [39] Dicker, Fredric U., Young & Poor Hit ELIOT’S $5M LOAN", New York Post, Hardest, New York Post. July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, [40] Tedisco Accuses Spitzer of ’Dirty Tricks,’ 2007. ’Bullying’ October 17, 2007 [27] "State Senate GOP Seek Spitzer Loan [41] Goodwin, Michael, Cornered by Records". Associated Press Troopergate, Spitzer is showing his date=2007-07-23. desperation, Daily News. [28] Cooper, Michael (2007-01-01). "Amid [42] Spitzer, Elliot (2008-02-14). "Predatory Champagne and Cheers, Spitzer Is Lenders’ Partner in Crime; How the Bush Sworn in as Governor". New York Times. Administration Stopped the States From http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/01/ Stepping In to Help Consumers". The nyregion/01inaug.html. Washington Post. [29] "Spitzer, Sworn in as New York http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ Governor, Vows Historic Reform", content/article/2008/02/13/ Bloomberg, January 1, 2007. Retrieved AR2008021302783.html. Retrieved on July 27, 2007. 2008-09-30. [30] Cooper, Michael (2007-02-08). [43] "Spitzer unveils gay marriage bill; "Legislators Pick a Comptroller, Defying Senate leader balks". Associated Press. Spitzer.". New York Times. 2007-04-27. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/08/ [44] "Bill Summary - A08590". nyregion/08comptroller.html. Retrieved http://assembly.state.ny.us/leg/ on 2007-02-12. ?bn=A08590. [31] Fenner, Austin and Mahoney, Joe. [45] ^ Hakim, Danny. "Spitzer’s Staff "Bulldog Spitzer rips pol", Daily News, Misused Police, Report Finds", New York

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Times, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [46] ^ Matthews, Cara. "Cuomo: Spitzer aides used state police to try to damage Bruno", The Ithaca Journal, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [47] Precious, Tom (2007-07-23). "Cuomo criticizes Spitzer for using State Police to monitor Bruno". The Buffalo News. [48] ^ Gormley, Michael. "Report: NY Governor’s Office Leaked Data", The Guardian Unlimited, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [49] Gormley, Michael. "Spitzer aides linked to Bruno leaks", Utica ObserverDispatch, July 24, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [50] Faiola, Anthony. "N.Y. Governor Moves to Limit Ethics Scandal", Washington Post, Page A06, July 25, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [51] ^ Mansfield, Melissa (2007-07-23). "Spitzer punishes aides after AG report". Newsday. [52] ^ Gershman, Jacob. "Spitzer Faces Probe in Senate", New York Sun, July 24, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2007. [53] ^ Goldenberg, Sally. "Report: Governor’s office compiled, leaked data on Bruno", Staten Island Advance, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [54] Jochnowitz, Jay. "AG report faults Spitzer aides in Bruno scheme", Albany TimesUnion, July 23, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2007. [55] Freifeld, Karen. "Spitzer Troopergate Subpoenas Still Stand, Judge Told". Bloomberg. March 13, 2008. [56] "Eliot Spitzer’s tumultuous reign". Daily News. March 13, 2008. [57] Spector, Joseph. "Troopergate In Court". Journal News. March 13, 2008. [58] "Department of Motor Vehicles Changes License Policy to Include More New Yorkers and Implements New Regime of Anti-Fraud Measures to Strengthen the Security of the System". press release (Office of the Governor of New York). 2007-09-21. http://www.ny.gov/governor/ press/0921071.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-10. [59] ^ Bernstein, Nina (2007-09-22). "Spitzer grants illegal immigrants easier access to driver’s licenses". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/

Eliot Spitzer

fullpage.html?res=990DE4D7103AF931A1575AC0A9 Retrieved on 2007-11-14. [60] Madore, James T. (2007-11-09). "Spitzer defends license plan over Democrat fears". Newsday. [61] ^ Confessore, Nicholas (2007-10-23). "Senate Votes to Stop Spitzer Plan to Give Illegal Immigrants Driver’s Licenses". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/23/ nyregion/ 23legislature.html?ex=1350792000&en=1e4ab8ac28 Retrieved on 2007-11-10. [62] ^ Confessore, Nicholas (2007-10-23). "Why Some Democrats Defected on Spitzer Driver’s License Plan". The New York Times. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/ 10/23/looking-at-the-state-senatesdemocratic-defectors/. Retrieved on 2007-11-10. [63] ^ Confessore, Nicholas (2007-10-31). "Visa data to be included on driver’s licenses again". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/31/ nyregion/31license.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-14. [64] Barrett, Devlin (2007-11-14). "Spitzer Dropping His Driver’s License Plan". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/14/ nyregion/14spitzer.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-14. [65] Issenberg, Sasha (2007-11-01). "Clinton backs N.Y. driver’s license plan for illegal immigrants". boston.com. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/ articles/2007/11/01/ clinton_backs_ny_drivers_license_plan_for_illegal_imm Retrieved on 2007-11-10. [66] ^ Kramer, Marcia (November 15, 2007). "Just Call Him...Gov. Flip-Flop". Local News. WCBS-TV. http://wcbstv.com/ local/ spitzer.immigrant.drivers.2.567070.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-26. [67] Barrett, Devlin (2007-11-15). "Gov. Spitzer Surrenders on License Fight". Associated Press. [68] Lovett, Kennth; Geoff Earle (2007-11-15). "Hill’s ’Stand?’ Well, today is Thursday". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/ seven/11152007/news/regionalnews/ hills_stand__well__today_is_thursday_____437996.htm Retrieved on 2007-11-26.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eliot Spitzer

[69] "Governor Eliot Spitzer’s approval rating http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/ plummets over license plan". Daily News. news/ 2007-11-13. story.html?id=1722ada9-2541-4484-912ahttp://www.nydailynews.com/news/2007/ b41d794f063f. 11/13/ [82] Disgraced NY Governor won’t Need New 2007-11-13_governor_eliot_spitzers_approval_rating_.html. Job Associated Press, March 12, 2008 Retrieved on 2008-03-11. [83] 80G ’Addicted to Love’ Gov", New York [70] "Results of SurveyUSA News Poll Post, March 12, 2008. #12789". SurveyUSA. 2007-10-24. [84] Brian Ross (2008-03-10). "It Wasn’t the http://www.surveyusa.com/client/ Sex; Suspicious $$ Transfers Led to PollReport.aspx?g=9e307543-f15c-4de9-b2cf-0d629d5e3792. Spitzer". http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/ [71] Dicker, Fredric U. (2007-11-06). "Mike’s story?id=4424507&page=1. [85] "Text of Governor Spitzer’s resignation secret bid to run vs. Spitzer". ’Daily letter". http://www.amny.com/news/local/ News’. http://www.nypost.com/seven/ wire/politics/ny-bc-ny-spitzer11062007/news/regionalnews/ resignatio0312mar12,0,7214884.story?track=rss. mikes_secret_bid_to_run_vs__spitzer_789523.htm. [86] Hakim, Danny (2008-04-14). "Spitzer [72] Miller, Kyle (2007-12-17). "Two polls Spends His Time With Lawyers and show Spitzer’s public image still Family". The New York Times. suffering". Legislative Gazette. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/14/ http://www.legislativegazette.com/ nyregion/14empire.html. read_more.php?story=2752. [87] Hakim, Danny (2008-06-16). "Spitzer [73] Feuer, Alan (2008-03-07). "Four Charged Charged Campaign for Hotel Bills, With Running Online Prostitution Ring". Raising Question About His Funds". The The New York Times. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/07/ http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/16/ nyregion/07prostitution.html. nyregion/ [74] Woman at the Center of Governor’s 16spitzer.html?scp=3&sq=Spitzer&st=nyt. Downfall [88] Hakim, Danny (2008-06-23). "Spitzer is [75] "Spitzer As Client 9: Read Text Messages Target of Ethics Investigation". The New From Spitzer To Prostitute". The York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/ Huffington Post. 2008-03-10. 2008/07/23/nyregion/ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/03/ 23spitzer.html?ref=nyregion. 10/spitzer-as[89] Hakim, Danny (2008-06-28). "6 Months client-9-read_n_90787.html. Later, Spitzer Is Contrite, Yes, but [76] Wemple, Erik (2008-03-05). "Spitzer Sometimes Still Angry". The New York Missed Lesson of D.C. "Madam"". Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/ Washington City Paper. 28/nyregion/ http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/ 28spitzer.html?_r=1&ref=nyregion&oref=slogin. blogs/citydesk/2008/03/10/spitzer[90] Hakim, Danny; William K. Rashbaum missed-lesson-of-dc-madam/. (2008-11-06). "No Federal Prostitution [77] "Spitzer apologizes to family, public". Charges for Spitzer". New York Times. WNBC. 2008-03-10. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/07/ http://www.wnbc.com/news/15555281/ nyregion/07spitzer.html?hp. Retrieved detail.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-10. on 2008-11-15. [78] "Online Hooker Ring Busted". The [91] Eliot, Spitzer (2008-11-16). "How to Smoking Gun. 2008-03-06. Ground the Street". The Washington http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/ Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ years/2008/0306082emperor6.html. wp-dyn/content/article/2008/11/13/ [79] Kessler, Robert. "Eliot Spitzer met with AR2008111303634.html. call girls 7 or 8 times". Newsday. March [92] Spitzer, Eliot (2008-12-03). "Too Big Not 11, 2008. To Fail". Slate.com. [80] "GOP Pol: Resign Or Else". WNBC. http://www.slate.com/id/2205995/. March 11, 2008. [93] Steinberg, Joseph (2009-04-07). "An [81] ^ Alberts, Sheldon (2008-03-12). Intimate Evening With Eliot Spitzer". EO"Spitzer resigns amid sex scandal". Canwest News Service (The Gazzette).

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
NY. http://www.eonyc.org/ index.php?section=events&evtid=704.

Eliot Spitzer
• Breaking Legal News - Eliot L. Spitzer Collection of News of Eliot Spitzer • "Corruption probe hits US insurers" – BBC coverage of Spitzer’s probe of insurance industry practices, October 15, 2004. • "Spitzer targets music companies" – BBC coverage of Spitzer’s prosecution of payola, October 22, 2004 • Greg Palast, Eliot’s Mess • Greg Palast interview on Spitzer scandal timing Critics: Greg Palast • Attorney General Watch – blog of the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank, critical of Eliot Spitzer and other state attorneys general. • "Not Spitzer’s Job" – article by Alan Reynolds, senior fellow of the Cato Institute, a libertarian think-tank. Reprinted from The Wall Street Journal • "The unintended economic consequences of Spitzer" - Commentary by Mark Gilbert in The Royal Gazette of Bermuda (originally published by Bloomberg News) • The Passion of Eliot Spitzer: Is he telling the truth as he tries to "take people out"? by Kimberley A. Strassel, The Wall Street Journal, May 2006 • Eliot Spitzer’s Real Agenda... is Eliot Spitzer By Kimberley A. Strassel, The Wall Street Journal, May 2006 • Houston attorney Tom Kirkendall’s collection of opinion and article references critical of the history of Eliot Spitzer as Attorney General. • "Power Corrupts: Elliot [sic] Spitzer’s Record as N.Y. Attorney General" By Alan Reynolds, Cato-at-liberty, March 8, 2008. Reports: • Report of Investigation into the Alleged Misuse of New York State Aircraft and the Resources of the New York State Police (New York State Attorney General) • FBI affidavit regarding the Emperor’s Club VIP scandal • Spitzer, Eliot, "Predatory Lenders’ Partner in Crime: How the Bush Administration Stopped the States from Stepping In to Help Consumers" Washington Post, February 14, 2008 Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE NAMES Spitzer, Eliot Laurence

External links
Official sites: • Resignation Letter • Eliot Spitzer for Governor – Official gubernatorial campaign website Nonpartisan: • Follow the Money - Eliot L Spitzer 2006 campaign contributions • On the Issues - Eliot Spitzer issue positions and quotes • Project Vote Smart - Governor Eliot Spitzer (NY) profile Biographies and profiles: • National Governors Association - New York Governor Eliot Spitzer • "TIME Crusader of the Year 2002: Eliot Spitzer", by Adi Ignatius, December 21, 2002 issue of Time Magazine • "Eliot Spitzer - How New York’s attorney general became the most powerful man on Wall Street" – Profile by Daniel Gross from Slate’s "Assessment" column, October 21, 2004 • "Corruption probe hits US insurers" – BBC News, 15 October 2004. • "Spoiling for a Fight: The Rise of Eliot Spitzer" by Brooke A. Masters (Times Books, July 2006) • "The Small Laws: Eliot Spitzer and the Way to Insurance Market Reform," by Sean M. Fitzpatrick, 74 Fordham L. Rev. 3041 (2006) • "Power Couples" profile in 02138, October 2006. Interviews: • Frontline: The Wall Street Fix – from the PBS-series Frontline, dated April 16, 2003. • NOW with Bill Moyers: New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer – Streaming video and transcripts of Spitzer’s multiple interviews on the PBS series NOW with Bill Moyers. • "The Pollution Buster" – Interview with Elizabeth Kolbert in Fall 2004 issue of OnEarth Magazine, publication of the Natural Resources Defense Council. Media coverage: • New York Times - Eliot L. Spitzer collected news stories and commentary • Eliot Spitzer in the Newseum archive of front page images from 03/13/2008

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Legal offices Preceded by Dennis Vacco Political offices Preceded by George Pataki Governor of New York 2007–2008 PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH

Eliot Spitzer

New York State Attorney General Succeeded by 1999–2006 Andrew Cuomo Succeeded by David Paterson Riverdale, Bronx, New York City, NY

SHORT New York State Attorney DESCRIPTION General and Governor of New York DATE OF BIRTH June 10, 1959

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliot_Spitzer" Categories: Eliot Spitzer, 1959 births, 2000 United States presidential electors, 2004 United States presidential electors, Galician Jews, Governors of New York, Harvard Law School alumni, Horace Mann School alumni, Jewish American politicians, Jewish American governors, Princeton University alumni, Living people, Mob-busters, New York Democrats, New York elections, 2006, New York State Attorneys General, Sex scandal figures, Slate magazine people, People from the Bronx This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 04:19 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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