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					Introduction to ESDS International

                     ESDS
     Introduction to Celia Russell
                    Economic and
         InternationalSocial Data
                                   Service
                                   MIMAS
      Celia Russell and Jack Kneeshaw
      Economic and Social Data Service
                                         2004
                                April 14th
           University of Manchester

            8th November 2007
                                University of
                                 Manchester
        Structure of the Course

• Introducing Economic and Social Data Service
• Government, longitudinal and qualitative data
• ESDS International – World Bank and IMF data
• Hands on
• More about the international data service – OECD,
  UN, IEA and international survey datasets
• More hands on
• Wrap up and close
  The Economic and Social Data Service
                (ESDS)

• national data archiving and dissemination service for
  social science data
• principle data service for UK academic social science
  community
• provides help and data support
• available at www.esds.ac.uk
• core archiving services plus four specialist data
  services
Specialist data services


•   ESDS   International
•   ESDS   Government
•   ESDS   Longitudinal
•   ESDS   Qualidata

provide:
       dedicated web sites
       data and documentation enhancements
       user support
       training
The large-scale government surveys
•   Labour Force Surveys /Northern Ireland Labour Force Survey
•   Annual Population Survey
•   General Household Survey /Continuous Household Survey (Northern
    Ireland)
•   Family Expenditure Survey /Northern Ireland Family Expenditure Survey
•   National Food Survey/Expenditure and Food Survey (new combined
    National Food Survey and Family Expenditure Survey)
•   Family Resources Survey
•   ONS Omnibus Survey
•   Survey of English Housing
•   Health Survey for England/Welsh Health Survey/Scottish Health Survey
    (SHeS)
•   British Crime Survey /Scottish Crime Survey
•   British Social National Travel Survey
•   Time Use Survey
•   ONS Vital Statistics
           Benefits of the Large-Scale
             Government Datasets

• Good quality data
   –   produced by experienced research organisations
   –   usually nationally representative with large samples
   –   good response rates
   –   very well documented
• Continuous data
   – allows comparison over time
   – data is largely cross-sectional
• Hierarchical data
   – individual and household
   – intra-household differences
   – household effects on individuals
Example: Mortality Rates from Vital
           Statistics
     What are Longitudinal Data?

• repeated surveys of the same individuals at different
  points in time
• allow researchers to analyse change at the individual
  level
• there are various different types of longitudinal studies
  including panel and cohort studies
• users of longitudinal data will normally want to combine
  data collected at different times - data are more
  complex to use than other types of survey data
• ESDS Longitudinal provides additional value-added
  services to minimise these complexities
         Longitudinal Data


– 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70)
– British Household Panel Survey (BHPS)
– English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)
– Families and Children Study (FACS)
– Longitudinal Study of Young People in England
  (LSYPE)
– Millennium Cohort Study (MCS)
– National Child Development Study (NCDS)
      Types of Qualitative Data

• diverse data types: in-depth interviews; semi-
  structured interviews; focus groups; oral histories;
  mixed methods data; open-ended survey questions;
  case notes/records of meetings; diaries/research
  diaries
• multimedia: audio, video, photos and text (most
  common is interview transcriptions)
• formats: digital, paper, analogue audio-visual
• data structures - differ across different ‘document
  types’
           ESDS International
• provides free web-based access to key
  international macro level databanks

• helps users locate and acquire international
  micro level datasets

• promotes the use of international datasets in
  research and teaching across a range of
  disciplines

• is run by MIMAS at the University of
  Manchester and the UK Data Archive at the
  University of Essex
• ESDS is split into two types of data:

• Aggregate or macro data is data that has been
  aggregated to a country or regional level. This type of
  data is typically produced by inter-governmental
  organisations like the UN or World Bank. All the
  aggregate databanks contain time series data.

• Survey or micro data is data about individuals. This type
  of data is typically produced by an organisation in the
  academic sector and looks at values and attitudes.
      Macro International Data
             Providers
• International Monetary Fund (IMF)
• Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
  Development (OECD)
• United Nations (UN)
• World Bank
• Eurostat
• International Labour Organisation (ILO)
• UK Office for National Statistics
• International Energy Agency
      International Data Themes
Databanks cover:

•   economic performance and development
•   trade, industry and markets
•   employment
•   demography, migration and health
•   governance
•   human development
•   social expenditure
•   education
•   science and technology
•   land use and the environment
•   energy
               Aggregate data portfolio …

International Monetary Fund                  United Nations
Direction of Trade Statistics                Common Database
Balance of Payments Statistics
Government Finance Statistics                United Nations Industrial
International Financial Statistics           Development
                                             Organization
World Bank                                   Industrial Statistics
                                             Databases
World Development Indicators
                                             Demand Supply Databases
World Bank Global Development
Finance

International Labour
Organisation
Key Indicators of the Labour Market

   ESDS International provides free online access to the full versions
   of the latest releases of these databases to the UK academic
   community.
      Aggregate data portfolio (cont)
Organisation for Economic                 Eurostat
Co-operation and Development              New Cronos

Main Economic Indicators                  International Energy
International Development                 Agency
International Direct Investment           Coal Information
Statistics
                                          CO2 Emissions from Fuel
International Migration Statistics        Combustion
Main Economic Indicators                  Electricity information
Main Science and Technology               Energy Prices and Taxes
Indicators                                Energy Technology Research
Measuring Globalisation                   and Development Database
                                          Natural Gas Information
Quarterly Labour Force Statistics         Oil Information
Services Statistics                       Renewables Information
International Trade by Commodities        World Energy Statistics and
Social Expenditure Database               Balances
Education Statistics
 ESDS International provides free online access to the full
 versions of these databases to the UK academic community.
        Accessing the Data

• freely available to UK FE and HE
• access via federated access management
  user authentication and ESDS online
  registration
• special conditions may also apply
• delivered over the web via Beyond 20/20
  Web Data Server (WDS)
• download formats include *.xls, *.csv and
  *.ivt
Associated dataset documentation

The following supporting documentation is provided
for each dataset:

• Dataset overview

• Comprehensive dataset guide

• Software Guide to accessing dataset using Beyond
  20/20 WDS

• Metadata (MIMAS, UKDA and IESR)
 Plus a
dedicated
help desk
Beyond 20/20 chart
           IMF databanks

•   International Financial Statistics
•   Government Finance Statistics
•   Balance of Payments Statistics
•   Direction of Trade

The four major databanks produced by the
IMF contain data on national accounts,
trade, the balance of payments and
government spending for around 190
countries. Collectively, they provide a global
picture of economic development and
international trade over the last 50 years.
IMF International Financial Statistics

• standard source for all aspects of international
  and domestic finance
• published and updated monthly since 1948
• includes over 200 countries
• reports time series data on exchange rates,
  balance of payments, international liquidity,
  money and banking, interest rates, prices,
  production, international transactions,
  government accounts, national accounts
• Has 3 sections: world tables, country tables and
  commodity prices
   IMF Direction of Trade

• Contains data on the value of merchandise
  exports and imports between each country
  and all its trading partners
• 186 countries and 12 regional groups from
  the 1980’s onwards
• Monthly, quarterly and annual data are
  presented
• most countries’ data extend from the 1980’s
  to the present
• the IMF release pre-1980 Direction of Trade
  data as a separate database, (also available
  through ESDS International)
• The database is updated monthly
IMF Balance of Payments Statistics
• 175 countries worldwide
• covers balance of payment components and
  international investment positions of
  countries worldwide
• Where available, most countries’ data extend
  from 1970’s to the present
• Quarterly and annual data, updated montly
       IMF Government Finance
              Statistics

• Covers data government income (such as
  tax and bonds) and expenditure by sector
  (defence, education, health, etc) for all
  levels of government (national, state, local)
• 149 countries worldwide
• Annual time series data, running 1990
  onwards.
• historical (pre 1990) data is released as a
  separate database
                     Trade in US$, millions

19
  8




              1000
                      2000
                             3000
                                    4000
                                           5000
                                                  6000
                                                             7000
                                                                      8000




          0
19 1 q
  8 1
19 2 q
  8 1
19 3 q
  8 1
19 4 q
  8 1
19 5 q
  8 1
19 6 q
  8 1
19 7 q
  8 1
19 8 q
  8 1
19 9 q
  9 1
19 0 q
  9 1
19 1 q
  9 1
19 2 q
  9 1
19 3 q
  9 1
19 4 q
  9 1
19 5 q
  9 1
19 6 q
  9 1
19 7 q
  9 1
                                                  Imports
                                                            Exports




19 8 q
  9 1
20 9 q
  0 1
20 0 q
  0 1
20 1 q
  0 1
20 2 q
  0 1
20 3 q
  0 1
                                                                                   Iraqi Trade with Rest of World




20 4 q
  0 1
20 5 q
  0 1
20 6 q
  07 1
                                                                             Source: IMF Direction of Trade October 2007




     q1
       World Bank Databases

• Collects data on all aspects of
  human development worldwide
• Annual data, designed for
  international comparability

• World Development Indicators
• Global Development Finance
    World Development Indicators




                                     •Global database
                                     covers 190 countries
                                     •Annual data starting
                                     1960
                                     •Widely cited
                                     •Our most popular
                                     database



The World Development Indicators provides a broad picture of
poverty trends and social welfare, the use of environmental
resources, the performance of the public sector, and the
integration of the global economy.
Example from the World Development Indicators
    Global Development Finance
• financial flows to developing countries.
• exclusively covers developing countries
• also contains the Bank's projections for debt
  repayments etc for next ten years
• Annual data starting 1970’s
Example from Global Development
            Finance
OK, let’s try some hands-on!
www.esds.ac.uk/international

For today, use
Username: mide-esds
Password: esds2007
     Organisation for Economic
   Cooperation and Development


•OECD Education Statistics
                .
•OECD Globalisation
•OECD International Development
•OECD International Direct Investment Statistics
•OECD International Migration Statistics
•OECD International Trade by Commodities Statistics
•OECD Main Economic Indicators
•OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators
•OECD National Accounts
•OECD Quarterly Labour Force Statistics
•OECD Services Statistics
•OECD Social Expenditure Database
•OECD STructural ANalysis
 OECD International Development
            Statistics
Net US Development Assistance to the Middle East




  OECD, International Development Statistics, October 2006,
    ESDS International, (MIMAS) University of Manchester
National Statistics and Eurostat

National Statistics Time series data

• is a comprehensive database of more
  than 40,000 economic and socio-
  economic time series for the UK

Eurostat New Cronos

• is the main database produced by the
  EU’s statistical office, containing detailed
  harmonised data on a range of social and
  economic themes at a national and
  regional level for EU member countries
                                  Overseas students in UK higher education
                                       Source: Eurostat New Cronos

                     35000 30690
Number of students




                     30000
                     25000
                     20000
                     15000
                                       9715
                     10000                    5729
                                                     3988 2650 2609
                     5000                                             899 531 310 273 143 135          4
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           UN and its agencies

• The UN Common database has been used for
  many years by the UN internally as a basis for the
  formulation of policy. Covers a huge range of human
  development topics including health, culture, family
  life, education and the environment

• The International Labour Organisation’s Key
  Indicators of the Labour Market

• The UNIDO Industrial Statistics and Demand
  Supply databanks cover employment and trade
  world-wide, broken down by country and
  manufacturing sector.
Example from the UNCB
                                               Hours worked per person

                                  No




                                               1000
                                               1200
                                                      1400
                                                      1600
                                                      1800
                                                      2000
                                                                2200
                                                                2400
                             Ne       rw
                                th       a
                                   er y
                                     la
                                       nd
                                           s
                                   Fr
                                      an
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                                      Ita
                                          ly
                                       UK
                                  Ca
                                     na
                                       da
                                     US
                                        A
                                   Ja
                                      pa
                                Sl         n
                                   ov
                                                                         Average Annual Hours Worked




                                     ak
                                         i
Source: ILO Key Indicators


                                 M a
                                    ex
                                       ico
                                 Po
                              Cz lan
                                ec d
                                                                                                       Example from the ILO




                                   h
                                     Re
                                          p
                                   Ko
                                      re
                                           a
                                                                         390 Other manufactured products

                                         Manufacturing in 1990's China   385 Professional & scientific
                                                                         equipment
                                                                         384 Transport equipment

                                                                         383 Machinery, electric
                                  1000
                                                                         382 Machinery, except electrical

                                                                         381 Fabricated metal products
                                  900
                                                                         372 Non-ferrous metals
Output in current US$, billions




                                  800                                    371 Iron and steel

                                                                         369 Other non-metallic mineral
                                  700                                    products
                                                                         362 Glass and products

                                                                         361 Pottery, china, earthenware
                                  600                                    356 Plastic products

                                                                         355 Rubber products
                                  500
                                                                         353 Petroleum refineries

                                  400                                    351 Industrial chemicals

                                                                         342 Printing and publishing

                                  300                                    341 Paper and products

                                                                         332 Furniture, except metal
                                  200                                    331 Wood products, except furniture

                                                                         323 Leather products
                                  100
                                                                         322 Wearing apparel, except
                                                                         footwear
                                                                         321 Textiles
                                    0
                                                                         314 Tobacco
                                    90

                                    91

                                    92

                                    93

                                    94

                                    95

                                    96

                                    97

                                    98

                                    99

                                    00
                                                                         313 Beverages
                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  19

                                  20


                                                                         311 Food products
    International Energy Agency

• Databases cover around 130 countries
• The majority of the IEA datasets contain
  annual time series data from 1960
  onwards
• Cover energy production, consumption,
  stocks, prices
             IEA databanks I


• CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion
• Energy Prices and Taxes
• Energy Technology Research and
  Development Database
• World Energy Statistics and Balances
  –   Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
  –   Energy Balances of OECD Countries
  –   Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries
  –   Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries
        IEA databanks II


• Electricity information
• Coal Information
• Natural Gas Information
• Oil Information
• Renewables Information
Example from IEA: CO2 emissions from
electricity generation in Latin America
Visualisation: global data
Cross tabulations

                    Use the GIS
                    interface to
                    check for
                    outliers and
                    regional
                    patterns
                    before
                    downloading
                    data
       International survey data
ESDS International holds, or guides users towards
accessing, several key international survey datasets,
including:

•European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
and Working Conditions datasets
•Eurobarometer Survey Series
•European Social Survey
•International Social Survey Programme
•European and World Values Surveys
•European Election Study
•Latinobarómetro

Each study is supported by its own user guide at:
http://www.esds.ac.uk/international/access/micro.asp
                        Eurofound
• Eurofound is an EU body, whose role is to provide
  information, advice and expertise on living and working
  conditions in Europe

> European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS)
  Examines a range of issues, such as employment,
  income, education, housing, family, health, work-life
  balance, life satisfaction and perceived quality of society.

> European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS)
  Provides an overview on the state of working conditions
  throughout Europe, as well as indicating the nature and
  content of changes affecting the workforce and the quality
  of work.

> Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-
  Life Balance (ESWT)
  Aims to map working time policies and practices and to
  survey the views of the different actors on these policies
  and practices.
               Eurobarometer

• Programme of cross-national and cross-
  temporal comparative social research,
  designed to monitor social and political
  attitudes

• Carried out bi-annually since the early 1970s

• Coverage across all EU member states

• Some EBs are made available to analyse and
  download online (registration required) via
  ZACAT: zacat.gesis.org/webview/index.jsp
         European Social Survey

• Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30
  nations which aims to measure and explain
  trends in attitudes, beliefs and values across
  European nations

• Access via ESS Data Archive web site
  (registration required) is free of charge and
  provided by the Norwegian Social Science Data
  Services

• Users can currently access data and
  documentation from rounds 1, 2 and 3

• ESS Data Archive: ess.nsd.uib.no
        International Social Survey
                Programme
• Continuing (since 1983) annual programme of
  cross-national collaboration on surveys covering
  topics important for social science research

• Each survey has a special focus, e.g. the
  environment; the role of government; social
  inequality; social support; family and gender
  issues; work orientation; the impact of religious
  background, behaviour and beliefs on social and
  political preferences; national identity

• ISSP data are made available to analyse and
  download online (registration required) via
  ZACAT: zacat.gesis.org/webview/index.jsp
     European/World Values Surveys
• Designed to enable a cross-national, cross-cultural
  comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of
  topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes
  across the globe.

• The surveys provide data from representative national
  samples of the publics of more than 80 countries and
  cover a full range of social, economic, cultural and
  religious variation.

• To date four waves have been conducted in 1981-1984,
  1990-1993, 1995-1997, and 1999-2004; responses have
  been integrated into one dataset, to facilitate time series
  analysis

• Access (registration required):

   >Bancos de Datos ASEP/JDS web site: www.jdsurvey.net/
   >European Values Study web site:
   www.europeanvalues.nl/index2.htm
   >World Values Survey web site:
   www.worldvaluessurvey.org/
      European Election Study

• Focus on electoral participation and
  voting behaviour in European Parliament
  elections

• Six studies so far: 1979, 1984, 1989,
  1994, 1999 and 2004

• Open access to recent studies via
  http://www.europeanelectionstudies.net/
              Latinobarómetro

• Annual (since 1995) public opinion survey,
  conducted in 18 countries in Latin America,
  representing more than 400 million people

• Annual data collection involves around 19,000
  interviews with the same survey instrument
  employed in all countries, allowing
  methodological and cross-national comparisons
  to be made

• Access for ESDS-registered users via ESDS
  International web site:
  www.esds.ac.uk/international/access/accesslati
  nobarometer.asp
Eb eg
Ess eg
Selected countries/samples: Argentina 1998, Argentina 2000, Argentina 2001,
Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005
   Data exchange … and the future
• Through memberships and international data
exchange agreements, ESDS International is also able
to acquire and disseminate survey data held at sister
archives throughout the world

• A key part of this is the UK Data Archive’s
membership of CESSDA and the continued
development of the CESSDA data portal
                                            Some tips on using the
                                                 databanks
                                 Tip 1: choose your data from the same
                                 databank or family of databanks
                            •    comparability issues between data from different databanks,
                                 even for series with well-established standards
                            •    theoretically identical series can have different values in
                                 different databanks
                                                                        IMF GDP        WB GDP
                                                                 1990        5803.07         5757.2

                          Gross Domestic Product US 1990-2005    1991        5995.92         5946.9
                                                                 1992        6337.75         6286.8
                  14000
                                                                 1993         6657.4         6604.3
                  12000
Billions of USD




                  10000                                          1994        7072.23         7017.5
                  8000                                           1995        7397.65         7342.3
                  6000
                                                                 1996        7816.82         7762.3
                  4000
                  2000
                                                                 1997        8304.33         8250.9
                     0                                           1998        8746.98         8694.6
                        90

                        91

                        92

                        93

                        94

                        95

                        96

                        97
                        98

                        99

                        00

                        01

                        02

                        03

                        04

                        05




                                                                 1999        9268.43         9216.2
                     19

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                     19

                     19

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                     19

                     19

                     19
                     19

                     19

                     20

                     20

                     20

                     20

                     20

                     20




                                              Time               2000        9816.97         9764.8
                                                                 2001        10127.9        10075.9
                                                                 2002        10469.6        10434.8
Tip 2: some of the databanks have better
  cross country comparability than others.
•   OECD databanks are specifically designed         for   country
    comparisons
•   IMF International Financial Statistics is not.


Tip 3: Use the dataset user guides to locate
  the data you need and get further
  information about the dataset

Tip 4: Examine more info and footnotes
Usage Statistics
                              Data Analysis Sessions, Sept 2007

                     2000
Accesses per month




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Courses and Training
                                  ESDS International Annual Conference 2007
                                                    “Data Without Borders”




London, December 3rd 2007
Speakers from the IMF, International Energy Agency, OECD and International
Labour Organisation, Department for International Development.
Free to attend but booking is essential!
www.esds.ac.uk/international/news/conf2007.asp
  ESDS International provides:
• Up to date data – the databanks are updated with the latest
  releases
• Data free at point of use (licence costs paid centrally)
• Single web interface to all the aggregate databanks – users only
  have to learn it once
• Helps users locate and acquire international micro level
  datasets
• Single portal for wide range of international databanks, links to
  other resources eg freely available data
• Consistent and comprehensive documentation
• Training, user support, helpful helpdesk on
  international@esds.ac.uk
• See www.esds.ac.uk/international

				
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Description: Value Added Tax in Manchester England document sample