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Education in Sweden

Education in Sweden
Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children aged 7-16.[1] Most 6 year olds attend a non compulsory pre-school class run within the school system. The school year in Sweden runs from mid/late August to early/ mid June The winter holiday from mid December to early January divides the Swedish school year into two terms. All young children from 1-5 years old are guaranteed a place in public day-care facility (förskola or daghem/dagis). Between ages 7-16, children attend compulsory comprehensive school, divided in three stages. After completing the ninth grade, 90% continue with a three-year upper secondary school (gymnasium) leading sometimes to a vocational diploma and (depending on which program you’ve chosen) to qualifications for further studies at a university or university college (högskola). Both upper secondary school and university studies are financed by taxes. Some Swedes go straight to work after secondary school. Along with several other European countries, the government also subsidizes tuition of international students pursuing a degree at Swedish institutions, although there has been talk of this being changed.[2] Swedish 15-years-old pupils have the 22nd highest average score in the PISA assessments, being neither significantly higher nor lower than the OECD average.[1] Only few countries except Canada, United States and Japan have higher levels of tertiary degree holders. Historical terms include småskola ("small school") and folkskola ("folk school") for primary school and läroverk ("learning institute") for secondary school. Formerly, högskola usually meant a one-faculty school – usually professionally oriented – while universitet contained many faculties.

Choice
Swedish primary schools have relatively limited room for student choice. For instance, it becomes possible to choose a more advanced mathematics course only during the spring term of the seventh grade (the year students will turn 13). Until then, all students follow the same course; a similar situation applies to most other subjects. This is the result of a concerted effort to streamline education, in the hope that this will favor students from families with lower levels of educational attainment. Critics claim it has lowered results significantly among talented students without raising them within other groups. After the age of 13 the choices increase dramatically. At the age of 13, sometimes even 12 the student is allowed to pick from a wide variety of subjects in addition or as a upgrade to the universal ones. This is different from school to school but it often includes higher math, chemistry/physics, biology, art and music. Sometimes more practical courses are also included in the choice such as carpentry or electronics. After the student graduates the nine year compulsory school the selection of education, both private and state owned becomes much wider. As all education is publicly funded all students have a large amount of choices at hand which is quite different from some other western nations where different educations cost more money than others thus limiting the choice for those with a less fortunate background. [9] The Swedish School Plan[10] [11] also highly encourages an individualistic education where every student has their specific means met. The students are also encouraged not only to participate in student councils but also to actually form the education

Diagram Terminology
Förskola (literally "preschool"), colloquially daghem or dagis, is the kindergarten. Grundskola is the 1-9 grade primary school. Gymnasieskola (literally "gymnasium school") is the three-year secondary school. Högskola (literally "high school") is a tertiary school (formally translated to university college, less formally to university) and universitet (always translated to university) is a tertiary school with postgraduate education.

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Education in Sweden[3][4][5][6][7][8] Type of education Forskarutbildning (forskarnivå) Postgraduate programmes (graduate level) School

Education in Sweden

Designation 4:e året 3:e året 2:a året 1:a året 5:an Årskurs 5 4:an Årskurs 4 3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1

Universitet Högskola som har University vetenskapsområde University College entitled to conduct research in a particular discipline

Grundläggande högskoleutbild- Universitet Högskola ning University University College (grundnivå & avancerad nivå) 2-5 years 2-5 years Undergraduate education (basic level & advanced level)

Gymnasieutbildning Upper secondary school (secondary school)

Gymnasieskola Upper secondary school Ages 16-19

3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1

Grundskoleutbildning Compulsory school (primary school)

Grundskola Compulsory school Ages 7-16 (compulsory)

9:an Årskurs 9 8:an Årskurs 8 7:an Årskurs 7 6:an Årskurs 6 5:an Årskurs 5 4:an Årskurs 4 3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1

Förskoleklass Pre-school class (preschool) Förskoleverksamheten Preschool activities (preschool)

Förskoleklass Pre-school class Age 6 Förskola Pre-school Ages 1-5

Årskurs F

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they desire together with their teachers, choosing what books to read and how to balance practice with theory depending on which the individual students find most enjoyable to learn from.[12]

Education in Sweden
qualification to attend secondary school. However, the student can still attend the secondary school individual program (individuellt program (IV)), either to gain competence in the core subjects and start a secondary school program or to complete the individual program and satisfy the requirements for a student degree (see below). In August 2009, a new grading system will be introduced in Sweden. Instead of grading with the grades MVG, VG, G and IG starting in grade 8, there will be a 7-step grading system. Ranging from A (Excellent) to F (Fail) and G (Fail), students will be graded from grade 6.

Primary and Secondary School
The educational system in Sweden is based on a nine year primary school, or "Grundskola" with mandatory attendance. Following this comes an elective three year secondary school, or "Gymnasieskola" which is divided in two instances where you either prepare for higher education or receive vocational education. The preparatory instance allows for specialization in either natural sciences or social sciences.

Gymnasieskola
Secondary school, called gymnasieskola, lasts for three years (however some students study for four or more years for various reasons) and is formally elective, although most attend it and there are very few prospects for those who do not attend. Secondary school is divided into so called "programs", e.g. different types of choices of educational focus. The two most common "programs" are "social science" (samhällskunskap) and "science" (naturvetenskap). The "programs" are further divided into orientations. There are currently 17 different national programmes – centrally defined programme curricula – with between two and four centrally defined orientations. In addition there are local programmes and orientations, but most schools use the national programmes. The programmes are divided into two general categories, preparatory and vocational programmes. All programmes give basic qualification to attend university, but preparatory programmes typically satisfy more of the various special qualifications that are required to attend some university courses and programmes. The courses that a student takes depending on programme and orientation can be divided into four levels: Core subjects, programme-specific subjects, orientation subjects and individually selected courses. Core courses are courses that everyone, regardless of programme, have to study to satisfy the requirements for a student degree. Programme-specific courses are the additional courses that a student is required to take to fulfill the programme requirements. If a student for some reason does not fulfill the

Grading
Three grades are currently used in elementary school: Pass (godkänd (G)), Pass with distinction (Väl godkänd (VG)) and Pass with special distinction (Mycket väl godkänd (MVG)). The grades are usually referred to by their abbreviation. Note that failed does not exist as a formal grade, but should the student fail to pass a course this is reported as ***, referring to a footnote explaining that the pupil "lacks foundation for a grade", however, many people do consider failed (Icke godkänd (IG)) to be an actual grade and often refer to *** as such. Pupils do not start receiving official grades until the 8th grade, although it’s not uncommon that tests are marked with grades prior to that. Compared to course grades, failed tests are often actually marked with IG. This is however dependent on the preferences of the teacher and doesn’t make any sort of difference. The pupil’s total score, which is used for application to gymnasium, the secondary schools, is calculated by taking the pupil’s 16 best subjects and numerically adding them together, with G = 10, VG = 15 and MVG = 20, yielding a maximum of 320. It’s normal for a pupil to have 17 or more grades, as most study a third language - traditionally German or French, but in recent years Spanish has grown more prevalent. The 16 subjects used to calculate the total must include the three core subjects - English, Swedish and Mathematics. If the pupil fails any of the core subjects she or he lacks

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requirements, for example by electing to replace a programme-specific course with another course, the student is considered to have attended a specially designed programme – this has no bearing except for what’s printed on the school leaving certificate. Orientation subjects are the courses that a student elects to take by selecting an orientation. Normally these courses take place in the 2nd and 3rd year, although in a few cases the courses start earlier. Finally, individually selected courses are courses which the student freely selects for herself/himself in the 2nd and 3rd year. For this specific slots have been set aside in the curriculum and the schedule.

Education in Sweden
have sold public schools to private persons, for example the head of the school, for a much lower price than what a school chain would have paid on the open market. Several public schools have been closed due to too few pupils, partly as an effect of the increasing number of independent schools.

Post-secondary education
Post-secondary Education
Qualified Vocational Education KomVux Secondary School (Vocational) Ages 16-19 KY2 KY1 PS S3 S2 S1 Completing secondary school on a vocational program with full classes on a three year curriculum does provide a basic qualification for further studies. However many times postsecondary education is required before being admitted at university or university college. Post-secondary education is provided by Municipal "KomVux" schools (short for KOMmunal VUXenutbildning, lit. "Municipal Adult Education"), and independent boarding schools named Folkhögskolor (or Folk High Schools in English). Instead of opting for higher education, a student from a vocational program in secondary school is able to apply for what is called Qualified Vocational Education or "Kvalificerad Yrkesutbildning" (KY). This form combines education and practical experience from business or industry in the chosen field. The level of education is essentially post-secondary but can also contain courses that meet the requirements of tertiary education. For post-secondary education, the KomVux and the Qualified Vocational Education in some ways correspond to what is offered by community colleges in the United States.

Admittance
To attend secondary school, the prospective student applies to attend a certain programme at a certain school, competing for entrance based upon her/his elementary school grades. In a few cases, such as the Arts Programme (Estetiska programmet (ES)) at certain schools, the student applies for both programme and orientation. Some programmes, generally the Arts Programme and certain local programmes/orientations, have some form of entrance exam in addition to the elementary school grades.

Independent schools financed by public means
Swedish education is known for being a world leader in free-market education revolution.[13] Sweden introduced education vouchers in 1992, one of the first in the world after Netherlands. Anyone can establish a forprofit school and the municipality must pay new schools the same amount as municipal schools get. For instance, the biggest school chain, Kunskapsskolan (“Knowledge Schools”), offers 30 schools and a web-based environment, has 700 employees, and teaches nearly 10,000 pupils. Private schools are a fast growing market and over 10% of Swedish pupils were enrolled in private schools in 2008.[14] The system is popular especially among right-wing voters in large cities, and have even expanded overseas.[13][15] Criticism has been expressed that this reform has led to large amount of fundamentalistic religious schools, and that the system results in increased segregation. Some municipal assemblies, for example Täby Municipality,

Higher education
After gymnasieskola, students can apply to a university in order to receive a tertiary education. General academic degrees are offered by public universities and university colleges that tend to attract students on a regional

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Education in Sweden
Higher Education from 1 July 2007[5][6]

Type of education Forskarutbildning Postgraduate programmes

Level Forskarnivå Graduate level

Designation Degree Doktorsexamen Degree of Doctor (PhD) 240 higher education credits Licentiatexamen Degree of Licentiate 120 higher education credits

Grundläggande högskoleutbildning Undergraduate education

Avancerad nivå Advanced level

2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1

Masterexamen Degree of Magisterexamen Master (Two years) Degree of 120 higher Master (One education year) credits 60 higher education credits Kandidatexamen Degree of Bachelor 180 higher education credits

Yrkese Profess Degree (3-5 ye long)

Grundnivå Basic level

3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs Högskoleexa2 men 1:an Årskurs University Diploma 1 120 higher education credits

basis. Besides general academic degrees, the higher education system in Sweden also provides a number of professional and vocational degrees in fields such as engineering, law and medicine. Higher education is free of charge, both for Swedes and for foreigners.[16] There is a discussion in parliament about charging foreign students (non EU-citizens) in the future. Swedish students receive economic help from the Swedish National Board of Student Aid (CSN) for studying. Every student is entitled to 12 semesters of allowances and loans, totaling 1,841 SEK per week (July 2007: 200 EUR, 274 USD, 127 GBP) for full-time studies (after 1 July 2006).[17][18] Allowances are usually 632 SEK per week (August 2007: 68 EUR; 94 USD; 46 GBP) with loans covering the rest. The limits for loans and allowances may be substantially increased under certain circumstances[17]. On 1 July 2007, a new higher education system came into effect in Sweden.[5][6] Higher education became divided into three levels: basic level (grundnivå), advanced level (avancerad nivå), and graduate level (forskarnivå). The new changes also included

removing several professional / vocational degrees (yrkesexamina) as well as redefining other pre-existing degrees.

Basic level (grundnivå)
To be admitted to a programme at the basic level, a student must complete an education at the gymnasieskola level or its equivalent. The degrees that can be obtained at the basic level are: • University Diploma (högskoleexamen), 2 years, 120 higher education credits (högskolepoäng) • Degree of Bachelor (kandidatexamen), 3 years, 180 higher education credits

Advanced level (avancerad nivå)
To be admitted to a programme at the advanced level, a student must have obtained a 3-year Swedish degree at the basic level or a corresponding degree from another country or some corresponding qualification. The degrees that can be obtained at the advanced level are:

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Swedish Swedish Expanded definition

Education in Sweden
ECTS % British equivalent % (and class)

VG (väl godkänd, VG distinction) VG (väl godkänd) VG G (godkänd, pass) G (godkänd, pass) G (godkänd, pass) G+ G G-

EXCELLENT: outstanding work with only minor errors VERY GOOD: above average work. GOOD: generally sound work. SATISFACTORY: fair, but with significant shortcomings

A B C D

98-100 75- (1) 90-97 80-89 65-79 50-64 26-49 0-25 65-74 (2:1 / 1) 55-64 (2:2 / 2:1) 46-54 (3 / 2:2) 40-45 (3) 35-39 (fail/ condone) 0-34(fail)

SUFFICIENT: performance meets E minimum criteria FAIL: more work required before credit can be awarded FAIL: considerable further work is required Fx F

IG (icke godkänt, U fail) IG (icke godkänt, U fail)

• Degree of Master (One year) (magisterexamen), 1 year, 60 higher education credits • Degree of Master (Two years) (masterexamen), 2 years, 120 higher education credits Both degrees require completing a thesis. The Degree of Master (Two years), masterexamen, is a new degree that is intended to be closely linked to continuing education at the graduate level.

Graduate level (forskarnivå)
To be admitted to a programme at the graduate level, a student must have obtained a Swedish degree at the advanced level or completed at least 4 years of full-time study with at least one year at the advanced level or a corresponding degree from another country or equivalent knowledge. The degrees that can be obtained at the graduate level are: • Degree of Licentiate (licentiatexamen), 2 years, 120 higher education credits • Degree of Doctor (PhD, doktorsexamen), 4 years, 240 higher education credits Postgraduate academic titles are docent (associate professor), professor (full professor) and prefekt (head of department).

universities have introduces a seven-grade scale (A-F, Fx), that similar to the ECTS scale, but with a criterion-referenced grading instead of relative grading. The most common scale is a three-grade scale that consists of U (Underkänd in Swedish, fail), G (Godkänd, pass) and VG (Väl godkänd, pass with distinction). In this set VG is the highest. The other grade set consists of (U, 3, 4, 5) where 5 is the highest. This grade set is normally given in courses within technical professional degrees. Finally there are some courses, within two systems of grading, in which you can only get G (pass) or U (fail). For instance, for a one semester thesis (specialized level) in Computer Science for a Master’s degree at some institutions one can only get the grade G (pass) or fail, while for an equivalent thesis at other institutions one can also receive the grade VG. A possible table of comparison, in use in 2007 but without official status, is the following:

Language requirements
Before being accepted to a higher education programme in Sweden, all applicants must demonstrate a minimum proficiency in Swedish and English by either taking 2 years of Swedish and English or passing Swedish B and English A.[19] For international applicants, the TISUS, or Test in Swedish for University Studies, is an international exam

Grading
Three sets of grades exist in Swedish universities and university colleges. Some

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that can be taken to demonstrate proficiency in Swedish. For those whose native language is not English, international applicants can demonstrate proficiency in English by obtaining a minimum score of 173 points on the TOEFL or a minimum grade of B on the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam.[20] Exchange students may have different language requirements.

Education in Sweden
• Securing gender equality for staff, students and perspectives of education • Strengthening the international perspective in all education, in order to help in creating understanding of the international society

The Equal Treatment Act
In 2001, the Act for Equal Treatment of Students in Higher Education was issued, stating that: • Equal treatment should be granted regardless of sex, ethnic origin, religion, sexual orientation, disabilities. • Harassment (from staff or students) and discrimination are to be prevented. • An annual plan has to be issued by each university to actively promote equal treatment. • Weak spots are to be found in cooperation with students. • In case of reported harassment or discrimination (based on the student’s feelings), there’s an obligation to investigate and take measures.

Student Democracy
Legislation
Swedish legislation about student democracy is made by: • the Higher Education Act (issued by the Parliament) • the Higher Education Ordinance (issued by the government and frequently revised) Such legal basis form regulations for all Swedish public universities. They principally state that: • the state provides institutions for higher education • higher education should be based on research • higher education institutions should cooperate with the surrounding local communities • quality efforts on all things are a joint matter for staff and students • students should take an active part in the work, with further development of the education • there must be student representatives in all drafting and decision-making bodies Complaints about the implementation of legislation on student democracy can be sent to the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education. Even if there is no fine, universities usually follow the agency’s decisions.

Independent schools in Sweden
Independent schools were relatively uncommon in Sweden until 1992, when the government introduced a school voucher system where schools without the municipal as principal, could receive government funding for each student. These independent schools, currently teaching 8% of primary and secondary students, most often have an alternate pedagogy (for example Montessori), foreign/ international, religious (for example Catholic or Muslim) or special needs (for example deafness) profile. There are also several secondary schools with an elite sports profile, called idrottsgymnasium. Independent schools are not allowed to receive fees from parents, so there are no true upper-class schools. There are just a handful of boarding schools with Lundsberg being the most reputable.

Core issues
The main issues about student democracy in Sweden are: • Granting a low threshold in entering universities, by: • no fees, for both Swedes and foreigners • simple rules of admission (no entrance test) • Widening participation, introducing new groups into higher educations (ethnic minorities, low-income citizens); it is worthy noting that affirmative actions are not allowed by Swedish legislation, as a form of positive discrimination.

History of education in Sweden
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Education in Sweden
was abolished. In the early 1990s, Sweden also introduced förskoleklass for the children aged 6, a one year long grade which first was called årskurs 0 (Grade 0) or 6-årsgrupp (group for the 6 year olds). Förskoleklass is not mandatory.

Primary school
In 1842, the Swedish parliament introduced a four-year primary school for children in Sweden, "Folkskola". In 1858 grade 1 and 2 became "Småskola" and children started school at the age of seven. In 1882 two grades were added to "folkskola", grade 5 and 6. Some "folkskola" also had grade 7 and 8, called "Fortsättningsskola". Schooling in Sweden became mandatory for 7 years in the 1930s and for 8 years in the 1950s. Since 1972, Swedish children have 9 mandatory years in school - from August the year the child turns 7 to June the year the child turns 16. Parents in some cases also have the option of delaying starting school until age 8 if deemed to be in the childs best interest.

Comparison with the American educational system
The Swedish educational system has its own distinctions and is as such not directly comparable to other educational systems such as the one in the United States. There is however a need to compare degrees and the educational or academic levels attained through a completed education. While the Swedish educational system is regulated by the Government of Sweden, the American educational system is regulated at the state level. Furthermore, the definition and duration of primary and secondary school in the US and the names they are called (e.g., elementary school, grade school, middle school, junior high school, high school, senior high school) can vary within a state making comparisons with other countries difficult. To simplify, a typical mainstream American educational system is compared with the mainstream Swedish educational system, where special education is not included in mainstream education. In the US, children are typically required to attend primary school and secondary school from age 6 to 18. After completing high school, many Americans continue with higher education in a community college, college, or university. In comparison, Swedish children are required to attend grundskola, compulsory school, from age 7 to 16, where grundskola is a combination of primary and secondary school. After grundskola, many Swedes attend the elective gymnasieskolan, upper secondary school, choosing either a university-preparatory programme or a vocational programme. Students who choose a vocational programme normally terminate their education after gymnasieskolan while students who choose a university-preparatory programme normally continue with higher education at a university or university college. Students who choose a vocational programme can continue with higher education

Secondary school
After three years in "folkskola", children who enjoyed school and had good grades could choose to switch to a secondary school called "Högre allmänna läroverket". Högre allmänna läroverket was not free, so most students came from well-off families. However, some children with good grades got free education at "högre allmänna läroverket" because their parents could not afford to pay for it. In 1905, "högre allmänna läroverket" was divided into a lower level, 6-year school called "realskola" and a higher level, 4-year school called "gymnasium". In 1971, fackskola merged with gymnasium and yrkesskola to become "gymnasieskola".

Grundskola
In the autumn term of 1949, some Swedish schools introduced an experiment with a nine-year school called enhetsskola. The enhetsskola had three stages. The first 3 years were lågstadium (lower stage), the next three years were mellanstadium (middle stage) and the last three years were högstadium (upper stage). In those school districts, småskola became lågstadium, folkskola became mellanstadium and realskola became högstadium. On May 26, 1950, the Swedish parliament decided to introduce the enhetsskola in Sweden. In 1958 the enhetsskola became försöksskola, which in 1962 changed name to grundskola. In 1972, the grundskola was introduced in all parts in Sweden, and the folkskola and högre allmänna läroverket were abolished. From the autumn term of 1994, the official division in three different stages

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but may need to take additional courses before being eligible to apply. Comparatively, in terms of education, the latter half of gymnasieskola corresponds to the freshman or first year of higher education in the US. In Sweden, grundskola students are required to learn how to swim as a part of their physical education. Since 1 September 2007, students in årskurs 5 must be able to swim 200 meters, with 50 meters on their back.[21] In the US, high school students typically take a government-paid Driver’s Education course at their high school. Thus, many Americans have a driving permit or a driver’s license by the age of 18. In contrast, Swedes typically learn how to drive by paying for a course at a private driving school (trafikskola). Since driving school can be quite expensive, many Swedes obtain their driver’s license when they are older than 18. Prior to 1 July 2007, there was no real concept of undergraduate education in Sweden. Since 1 July 2007, undergraduate education in Sweden consists of all higher education degrees that are normally obtained in the first 5 years (Master, Bachelor, University Diploma and all professional degrees). In the US, undergraduate education is considered higher education degrees that are normally obtained in the first 4 years (Bachelor and Associate degrees). Graduate education in the US consists of the Doctorate and Master degrees. Postgraduate education is additional training after being awarded a Doctorate degree. In contrast, postgraduate programmes in Sweden are at the graduate level and consist of the Doctorate and Licentiate degrees. (The Master degree is a part of undergraduate education.)

Education in Sweden

References

See also
Education in Stockholm Government agencies in Sweden Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test List of universities in Sweden Professional degree (Tertiary education) Student degree (Secondary education) Swedish National Agency for Education Swedish National Agency for Higher Education • Swedish National Union of Students • • • • • • • •

[1] "Education Act (1985:1100)" (PDF). Swedish Government Offices. 1985-12-12. http://www.sweden.gov.se/ content/1/c6/02/15/38/ 1532b277.pdf#page=11. Retrieved on 2008-04-03. [2] "Fees and costs - SWEDEN.SE". http://www.studyinsweden.se/templates/ cs/CommonPage____4962.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-06-18. [3] ^ Skolverket (2005-08-22). "Karta över utbildningssystemet" (in Swedish). Skolverket. http://skolnet.skolverket.se/ polopoly/utbsys/. Retrieved on 2007-07-08. [4] ^ Swedish National Agency for Education. "The Swedish Education System". Swedish National Agency for Education. http://skolnet.skolverket.se/ polopoly/utbsys-eng/. Retrieved on 2007-07-08. [5] ^ Bäcklin, Lotta (2007-06-07). "Den nya utbildnings- och examensstrukturen" (in Swedish). Högskoleverket. http://www.hogskoleverket.se/ densvenskahogskolan/forandringar/ nyautbildningsochexamensstrukturen.4.539a949110f Retrieved on 2007-07-08. [6] ^ Bäcklin, Lotta (2007-06-07). "The new structure of programmes and qualifications". Swedish National Agency for Higher Education. http://www.hogskoleverket.se/ highereducation/ thenewstructureofprogrammesandqualifications.4.5e Retrieved on 2007-07-08. [7] Ståhle, Lennart (2007-05-30). "Universitet eller högskola?" (in Swedish). Högskoleverket. http://www.hogskoleverket.se/ densvenskahogskolan/hogskolorna/ universitetellerhogskola.4.539a949110f3d5914ec800 Retrieved on 2007-08-03. [8] Ståhle, Lennart (2007-06-11). "University or University College?". Swedish National Agency for Higher Education. http://www.hogskoleverket.se/ highereducation/ highereducationinstitutions/ universityoruniversitycollege.4.539a949110f3d5914e Retrieved on 2007-08-03. [9] Education in the united states [10] http://www.fiss.se/doc/2008/ forslag_till_skolplan.pdf

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Educational System Comparison Typical Age 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Förskoleklass Pre-school class Age 6 Förskola Pre-school Ages 1-5 Grundskola Compulsory school Ages 7-16 (Compulsory) Sweden[3][4] School Gymnasieskola Upper secondary school Ages 16-19 3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1 9:an Årskurs 9 8:an Årskurs 8 7:an Årskurs 7 6:an Årskurs 6 5:an Årskurs 5 4:an Årskurs 4 3:an Årskurs 3 2:an Årskurs 2 1:an Årskurs 1 Årskurs F Elementary School Ages 6-11 (Compulsory) Middle School Ages 11-14 (Compulsory) United States Designation School University / College High School Ages 14-18 (Compulsory)

Education in Sweden

Designation Freshman 1st year Grade 12 Senior Grade 11 Junior Grade 10 Sophomore Grade 9 Grade 8 Grade 7 Grade 6 Grade 5 Grade 4 Grade 3 Grade 2 Grade 1 Freshman

5 ≤4

Kindergarten Ages 5-6 Pre-Kindergarten Ages < 5

K Pre-K

[11] http://www.skolverket.se/sb/d/ 740#paragraphAnchor7 [12] http://www.oru.se/templates/ oruExtNormal____22106.aspx [13] ^ The Swedish model, The Economist [14] The Swedish model, The Economist [15] Made in Sweden: the new Tory education revolution, The Spectator [16] Svenska Institutet. "FAQs: Are there tuition fees at Swedish universities and university colleges?". http://www.sweden.se/templates/cs/ CommonPage____7824.aspx#tuition. Retrieved on 2007-08-04.

[17] ^ "Studiemedlens storlek" (in Swedish). Centrala studiestödsnämnden. http://csn.se/Avdelningar/Studerande/ HogskolaOchUniversitet/Studiemedel/ StudiemedlensStorlek/ StudiemedlensStorlek.asp?MenyIdnr=507. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. [18] "The total amount is the sum of the grant and loan". Centrala studiestödsnämnden. http://csn.se/English/Students/ ThisIsHowMuchStudentAidYouCanReceive/ TheTotalAmountIsTheSumOfTheGrantAndLoan.asp?M Retrieved on 2007-08-04. [19] "Grundläggande behörighet" (in Swedish). studera.nu. 2007-09-11.

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https://www.studera.nu/sokutbildning/ kommerjagin/behorighet/grundniva/ grundlaggandebehorighet.561.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-30. [20] "Utländska betyg: Behörighet" (in Swedish). studera.nu. 2007-10-04. https://www.studera.nu/sokutbildning/ kommerjagin/utlandskabetyg/ behorighet.962.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-30. [21] Lindqvist, Kristin (2007-08-27). "Nu ställs större krav på simundervisningen"

Education in Sweden

(in Swedish). Skolverket. http://www.skolverket.se/sb/d/1295/a/ 9702;jsessionid=D406A818AA5FCB9D20BDA74E5D0 Retrieved on 2007-08-31.

External links
• Study in Sweden • studera.nu - Centralized portal for application and information of higher education in Sweden (in Swedish)

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