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Information Technology in Long Distance Education

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									Higher Education – Accessing
        the Future

           Marshall University




               Jan I. Fox
  VP for Information Technology/CIO
          Marshall University
           Marshall University

    Distance Education in
        West Virginia

Overview
Our Audience
Responding to Our Audience
Modes of Delivery
                 Marshall University


MU Learning Communities
We are socially inclusive and actively pursue opportunities to
ensure that all our members are part of our learning
communities
We view information technologies. including Internet accessible
interactive multimedia technologies, as tools for enriching
learning by tailoring instruction to societal, organizational, and
individual needs.
We value regional and global interconnections and cultural links
for expanding access and opportunity to educational resources
regardless of format and/or location.
We provide flexible learning programs available to address all
students' needs.
                   Marshall University


 MU Learning Communities

We will continue to actively implement a technical, social and
intellectual infrastructure that ensures equity of access to
learning, information, and information technologies while
recognizing that investments in learning contribute to overall
competitiveness and the economic and social well-being of the
nation.
We will continue to support the educational demands of
knowledge workers. This includes restructuring library
resources, administrative systems, networks, policy, etc. to meet
the needs of our current and future populations
                    Marshall University

        Distance & Distributed
          Learning Defined
 Distance Education is a process that connects learners with
  a system of distributed learning resources designed to meet
  the educational needs of a learner.
 This instructional delivery system is characterized by the
  separation of time and/or space between instructor and
  learner, among learners, and/or between learners and
  learning resources.
 One or more media provides for interactions between these
  participants.
 Distance Learning can most easily be understood when the
  teaching and learning process is viewed from a time and
  place perspective.
                       Marshall University


 Distance Learning Quadrants
   Same Time/Same Place                Different Time/Same Place
              1                                     2
       TRADITIONAL                          WORK STATION
    (College Classroom)                  (Learning Lab/Center)
Face to Face Meetings,workshops,     Computer, Multimedia, On Demand
             classes                  Video, VCR, Mediated Learning


 Same Time/Different Place           Different Time/Different Place
            3                                      4
   REALTIME DISTANCE                    FLEXIBLE TIME/PLACE
       LEARNING                          DISTANCE LEARNING
     (Synchronous)                            (Asynchronous)
 Interactive Television, Satellite        Video-based Telecourses
 Courses, Interactive Computer         Computers and Modems Print-
Conferencing, Audio Conferencing     based Courses Web-based Courses
                 Marshall University

                       Concepts
 Industrial Age vs.           Information Age
Grade Levels               Continuous Progress
Covering the Content       Outcomes-based Learning
Norm-referenced            Individualized Testing
Non-authentic              Performance-based Assessment
Group-based content        Personal Learning Plans
Adversarial                Cooperative Learning
Classrooms                 Learning Centers & Virtual
                           Communities
Teacher                    Coach/Facilitator
Rote Memorization          Creative & Critical Thinking
Books                      Multimedia Technologies
           Marshall University


        Our Audiences
K-12
Undergraduate/Community College
Graduate Students
Seniors
Health Care
Workforce Development
Partnering
Marshall University
             Marshall University


       Role of Technology
Allows the separation of instructor and
learner
Can be a cognitive tool
  Tool that enhances powers of thinking,
  problem-solving, learning
  Written language, mathematical notation,
  scientific method are others
Frames what is possible
            Marshall University


   Interactive Technologies
Email, Chat
Threaded Discussion
Online Courses
Interactive Video: Satellite, ATM,
Internet-II , Streaming, Cached
Tools, Simulations
 Marshall University


K12 Resources
                      Marshall University

 Seven Driving Principles of
  the New Age in Education
1.   Technology…is here to stay. From student motivation to
     professional development, for the first time in history, technology
     is affecting every aspect of education.
2.   Content…is key. Top-quality, interactive, Web-based
     learning programs are essential to ensuring that all students --
     children and adults -- can receive the best educational content
     anytime, anywhere.
3.   Distance…has disappeared. Now educators and
     students can connect instantly with peers and experts all over
     the globe.
4.   Time…is crumbling. In a world of instantaneous
     connection, there is a high value on the ability to teach and learn
     in real time.
                     Marshall University

 Seven Driving Principles of
  the New Age in Education
5.   Community…is power. The strength of a worldwide
     education community is the prime factor driving the New Age
     in Education.
6.   Standards…are rising. The rapidly growing K-12
     standards movement is leading to a pronounced impact on
     equity in education.
7.   Expectations…are increasing. Students and parents
     expect Web-based content, online digital libraries, and mainly,
     a league of educators prepared to use the best of these
     technologies to teach our children.
              Marshall University

Undergraduate/Community
        College
Nursing
Business
  Compressed Video Courses
  Online Business Degree
Community College
  Web and CBT Statewide IT Curriculum
  Web Based General Education
  Internet Specialization
SatNet
HEITV
            Marshall University


       Graduate Studies
Special Education
Teacher Training
Business
Education Leadership Online Degree
Counseling
Technology Management
                   Marshall University


                 Health Care
Rural Health Sites - WVRHEP
  Learning Resource Centers (19 in rural clinics/hospitals)
      CME, Diagnostic Support, Drug Information, Clinical cases
Patients
Community Wellness
Forensics Training
  Compressed Video
RuralNet
  Interactive Patient
Telemedicine
  Regional Jails and Prisons
              Marshall University


             New Economy
             Innovation




                                         Collaboration
                          Digitization
Technology
                              Marshall University

           HIGHER INCOMES LINK TO
                 EDUCATION
$60,000
                                                                           $51,116

                                                            $42,432

$40,000
                                                 $33,332

                                     $26,156
                         $20,696
$20,000      $15,184




    $0
          Less Than HS   HS Grad   Associate   Bachelor's   Master's   Professional or
             Diploma                                                     Doctorate
                             Marshall University
               The Knowledge Explosion
       Growth of Scientific Knowledge to the Year 2000

               ...%

              80%

              60%

              40%

              20%

                0%
                  8000        1800 1900           1950   2000    2020
                  B.C.         A.D.                       est.
Fortune Chart/Source: Bruce Merrifield, Wharton School
                   Marshall University
Workforce Skill-Needs vs. Academic Preparation


      Indus try S kill-Nee ds




                    Tec hno lo gic al S kills Gap


      Graduate's S kills


   1970                                        2000
              Marshall University

   Workforce Development and
           Training




Degree + Certification + Experience = Job
             Marshall University


   Workforce Development
Computer Based Training via the Internet
  Higher Education Statewide Contract
Skill-based Learning
Statewide Community College Information
Technology Curriculum
Cisco Academies
Robert C. Byrd Flexible Manufacturing
               Marshall University


   Partnering
K-12
  Dual Credit
  Web Based IT
  Curriculum
  College Credit
  Video Linkages (Spring Valley High School)
Cisco Networking Academies
Microsoft Seniors Program
Southern Regional Electronic Campus of SREB
Advantage Valley for Economic Development
Marshall University
           Marshall University
Online Computer Based Training (CBT)
Marshall University
                     Marshall University


Responding to Our Audience
Location of Audience
  Colleges and Universities
  Home
  Library (school and public)
  Work
  Centers
  Schools
  Multiple Sites
Skill Base of Audience
  Graduate
  Workforce
Resources
  Library
  Online Book Store
  Web and Telephone Registration
                 Marshall University


Changing the Student “Service
          Model”
Web Access to Resources
  Registration
  Financial Aid
  Bookstore
  Student Records (Banner SIS Web)
  Advising (Banner Faculty Web)
  Library
     Virtua Web Multimedia OPAC
     Electronic Subscriptions
     Electronic Document Delivery
Marshall University
Marshall University
                Marshall University


              LATA Defined
LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a term in the
U.S. for a geographic area covered by one or more local
telephone companies, which are legally referred to as
Local Exchange Carriers (LEC)
A connection between two local exchanges within the
LATA is referred to as intraLATA.
A connection between a carrier in one LATA to a carrier
in another LATA is referred to as interLATA.
InterLATA is long-distance service. The current rules for
permitting a company to provide intraLATA or
interLATA service (or both) are based on the
Telecommunications Act of 1996.
            Marshall University


      What Are the Issue?
Technical
Financial
                Marshall University


           Exchange Carriers
Local eXchange Carriers (examples)
  Bell Atlantic West Virginia
  Citizens Telecom
  Citizens Mountain State
  Armstrong
  Hardy Telephone Company
  War Telephone Company
Inter eXchange Carrier (examples)
  AT&T
  MCI
  Sprint
Marshall University
Marshall University
Marshall University
Marshall University
                Marshall University

 Bell Atlantic Intra LATA ATM Pricing


Bandwidth               Monthly       Yearly
D1 = 1 T1                      $610      $ 7,320
DS3 = 24 T1's                $3,800      $45,600
OC3 = 72 T1's                $7,450      $89,400
                             Marshall University

                             LATA Costs

    LATA Line Description          Monthly Cost      Annual Cost
Charleston/Clarksburg OC3                   40,000             480,000

Charleston/Bluefield DS3                    10,390             124,680

Clarksburg/Martinsburg DS3                  21,324             255,888

** Total Cost                              $71,714            $860,568
Less Approximate State                     -35,000             -420,000
Government Voice Share

** Total Unfunded                          $36,714            $440,568
                Marshall University


                Bandwidth
          160                         145
          140
          120
          100
Megabit




           80
           60              45
           40
           20    1.54
            0

                DS1       DS3         OC3
      Marshall University


 Possible Solutions
Central Funding

Build Fiber Link Across LATA

Wireless Solution – Microwave

Change in IXC Rules
Marshall University
           Marshall University


      Modes of Delivery
Web/Internet/E-mail
Compressed Video
Satellite
Public Television
Combination of Modes
                Marshall University


       MU Online Courses
E-Course
  60 Currently Developed
  50 in Development
  Programs in General Education, Internet Specialization,
  Business, Educational Leadership
  31 in SREC Spring 2000 (25 in Fall 1999)
WebCT Courses
  400+ Currently Developed
  2000+ Students
               Marshall University


           Online Courses
E-Courses & T-Courses, WebCT & Web-based IT
Curriculum CBT
  Over 5,600 students enrolled in courses the utilize WebCT
  E-courses - totally Asynchronous (Anytime, Anywhere,
  Anyplace)
  T-Course - Content totally Online, but 20% of time
  synchrounus interactions (chatroom at 8:00 pm on Mondays,
  classroom meeting, video link meeting)
  SREC Participation in SREC (31 courses for Spring 2000)
Flashlight Technology Assessment (Student
Inventory, Faculty Gap Analysis, Cost Model)
Marshall University
                    Marshall University
            Benefits to Students
The Electronic Campus increases students’ options dramatically.
Courses not previously available where a student lives or at a time
that was convenient may in fact now be available. Students in the
most remote areas will have access to courses and programs that
have not been readily available.
Students will have the confidence of knowing that the courses
offered via the Electronic Campus are pledged to follow the
Principles of Good Practice.
Students will be able to compare courses, methods of instruction,
how courses are delivered and costs.
The Electronic Campus will provide a central point of
information and an "orderly electronic marketplace amidst the
chaos of a booming Internet."
                    Marshall University
               Benefits to States
The Electronic Campus will provide the opportunity for more
education for more citizens. The Electronic campus will increase
access for students to needed information on educational courses
and programs.
The Electronic Campus could allow states, through cooperative
development, to jointly share in creating needed courses and
programs - the "electronic wheel" will not have to be reinvented
each time.
Areas previously isolated from the best of educational opportunities
will no longer be cut off because of geography.
 Quality educational programs available in any SREB state can be
just as accessible to the students in all SREB states.
The Electronic Campus will provide increased economic
development opportunities for all SREB states. Southern Regional
Education Board states involved are: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North
Marshall University
Marshall University
     Marshall University


One Room School 2000
   Desktop Video
            Marshall University One Room School - 2000
                      Marshall University
          IntraNet Distributed Distance Network
                      Network Architecture
                             (IDDEN)
                                                 ATM                   Juvenile Center
                                                 North
     Point Pleasant
  Point Pleasant
                                                               WVGC Charleston
                                                                           Internet

                                ATM
                                South                                Univ. of Charleston

      Marshall University
 Marshall University
  Huntington
      Huntington                                                       LATA
   Wayne
        Logan
Vocational Ed Site                                            ATM             Beckley
                                                                        Bell Atlantic WV 2001
                                                                        ATM Cloud
    Williamson                                                       Tier 1 OC-3 (155Mb/s)
               ATM                                                   Tier 2 DS-3 (45Mb/s)
               T1                                                    Tier 3 DS-1 (1.54Mb/s)
             Logan                             Beckley               Learning Cluster
               Lab
                Gilbert
               Hub
                            MUGC                                     Information Node
                            South Charleston             Bluefield
                      Marshall University


     Compressed Video via ATM
These are regular, live, on-campus courses delivered to several sites in
WV which feature interactive two-way video and audio
communication via high speed telephone lines. Special classrooms
have been constructed to provide state of the art facilities.

Locations
 •   Huntington (5 classrooms)
 •   South Charleston (2 plus 1 in Spring)
 •   Point Pleasant (2 classrooms)
 •   Beckley
 •   Gilbert
 •   SWVCTC
1800+ Students Annually
             Marshall University


Origination Classrooms Feature
Automated Control System (AMX)
Instructor + Student Cameras
Installed Computer &/or Laptop Connection
VCR
Document Camera
White Boards (2 Rooms)
Light Pen
Printers, Fax Machines
Telephones
             Marshall University


Larry Joe Harless Community
   Center at Gilbert, WV
 Connected via ATM
 Computer Lab
   Web-based Courses
   Workforce Development
 Compressed Video
 Desktop Video (H.323)
         Marshall University


  Connect to SWVCTC

Logan – 2 classrooms
Williamson -- 2 classrooms
Saulsville
Madison
Hamlin
Pettus
                     Marshall University



    MU Regional
     Centers


    Point Pleasant
 Teays Valley
HUNTINGTON                                   SOUTH
     Logan                                   CHARLESTON
 Williamson                                Beckley

        Gilbert                      Bluefield
                 Marshall University


           Satellite Delivery
SatNet - Satellite Network of West Virginia,
allows academic departments to both originate graduate
and undergraduate courses for the network and receive
courses from other institutions. Course delivery
features live one-way video
and two-way telephone
communications. Some
courses include E-mail,
WebCT and other
Internet components.
             Marshall University


   Satellite Network of WV
Consortium of 16 Public Institutions
35 Graduate & Undergraduate Courses Annually
1500 Students Annual SatNet students
MU and MUGC Produce Courses for the Network
One-way Video and Two-way Audio
400 Potential Receive Sites
Internet Features with WebCT
                Marshall University


                    HEITV
West Virginia Higher Education Instruction Television
consortium, Academic departments offer several courses
each semester via public television stations in West
Virginia. Students view the courses at home and then meet
on campus a few times each semester for discussions and
examinations.
Statistics
   18 Courses per Year
   Enrollment 1600-1800 per year
                Marshall University


            MU Resources
Information Technology
  Computing Serives
     ITV
  SatNet
  Library
  Instructional Technology
MUOnline – for students and faculty
  Links for all online courses
  E-Course Policy
  Resources
             Marshall University


     Other Online Resources
Annenberg’s Top 10 Distance Learning
 Resources
 http://www.learner.org/edtech/distlearn/t
 opten.html
 Distance Ed at a Glance
 http://www.uidaho.edu/evo/distglan.html
             Marshall University




   Presentation Available at:

www.marshall.edu/itc/k12/k12distance.htm

								
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