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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio
City of Dayton City Area code 937

Downtown Dayton

Location of Dayton within Ohio Flag Motto : Birthplace of Aviation Country State County Area - land - water Center - coordinates United States Ohio Montgomery 56.6 sq mi (147 km²) 55.7 sq mi (144 km²) 0.9 sq mi (2 km²), 2% Location of Ohio in the United States 39°45′32″N 84°11′30″W / 39.75889°N 84.19167°W / 39.75889; -84.19167Coordinates: 39°45′32″N 84°11′30″W / 39.75889°N 84.19167°W / 39.75889; -84.19167 738 ft (225 m) Woodland Cemetery[1] 39°44′35″N 84°10′30″W / 39.74306°N 84.175°W / 39.74306; -84.175 166,179 (2000) 1,073,513 2,852 /sq mi (1,101 /km²) Council-Manager April 1, 1796 1805 Rhine L. McLin (D) EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4)

- elevation Highest point - coordinates Population - metro Density Government Founded - Incorporated Mayor Time zone - summer (DST)


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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton in 1870 the American Revolutionary War and signatory of the U.S. Constitution. In 1797, Daniel C. Cooper laid out the Mad River Road, the first overland connection between Cincinnati, Ohio and Dayton. This opened up the "Mad River Country" at Dayton and the upper Miami Valley to settlement. The Miami and Erie Canal, built in the 1830s, connected the Dayton commerce from Lake Erie via the Great Miami River and served as the principal route of transportation for western Ohio until the 1850s. The catastrophic Great Dayton Flood of March 1913 severely affected much of the city, stimulated the growth of suburban communities outside central Dayton in areas lying further from the Miami River and on higher ground, and led to the establishment of the Miami Conservancy District in 1914. The flood remains an event of note in popular memory and local histories. The high waters damaged some of the Wright Brothers’ glass plate photographic negatives of their glider flights at Kitty Hawk and power flights over Huffman Prairie near Dayton. On November 29, 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a speech to more than 6,200 people at the UD Fieldhouse (now called Thomas J. Frericks Center) on the University of Dayton campus. A reel-to-reel recording of this speech was discovered at the University of Dayton. The audio recording was discovered in January 2009 by filmmaker David Schock of Grand Haven, Michigan. He found the unlabeled tape in a box of recordings.[4]

Location of Dayton in Montgomery County, Ohio Website :

Dayton is a city in and the county seat of Montgomery County, Ohio, United States,[2] in the southwestern part of the state. The population was 166,179 at the 2000 census. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Montgomery, Miami, Greene, and Preble counties, had a population of 835,535 in 2007.[3] This makes Dayton the 4th largest Metropolitan Area in Ohio. The Dayton-Springfield-Greenville Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,085,094 in 2000. Dayton is situated within the Miami Valley region of Ohio, just north of the Cincinnati metropolitan area. Dayton plays host to significant industrial, aerospace, and technological/engineering research activity and is known for the many technical innovations and inventions developed there. Much of this innovation is due in part to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and its place within the community. The city was the home of the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords, which brought an end to the war in Bosnia. Orville Wright, poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, and entrepreneur John H. Patterson were born in Dayton.

Dayton was founded on April 1, 1796 by a small group of US settlers seven years before the admission of Ohio to the Union in 1803. The town was incorporated in 1805 and given its name after Jonathan Dayton, a captain in


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Dayton, Ohio
on the rights of others, that Dayton is the gem of all our interior towns. It possesses wealth, refinement, enterprise, and a beautiful country, beautifully developed.[9] Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872–1906) later acknowledged the nickname in his poem, "Toast to Dayton", which contains this stanza: She shall ever claim our duty, For she shines—the brightest gem That has ever decked with beauty Dear Ohio’s diadem.

Patents and inventions
Dayton, Ohio has been the site for many patents and inventions since the 1870s.[5][6] Famous inventors such as the Wright Brothers who invented the airplane and Charles F. Kettering who had numerous inventions also came from Dayton. According to the National Park Service who cited information from the U.S. Patent Office Dayton had more granted patents per capita than any other U.S. city in 1890 and ranked fifth in the nation as early as 1870.[7][8]

Involvement in World War II
During World War II Dayton, like many other American cities, was heavily involved in the war effort. Residential neighborhoods in Dayton and in nearby Oakwood hosted the Dayton Project, in which the Monsanto Chemical Company developed methods to industrially produce polonium for use in the triggers of early atomic bombs, including those dropped by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Dayton was also home to the National Cash Register Company whose employees built airplane engines, bomb sights and codebreaking machines, including the American bombe designed by Joseph Desch which helped crack the Enigma machine.

Downtown Dayton Another explanation for the nickname "Gem", is from Dayton’s sister city to the south, Cincinnati. Cincinnati is known as the "Queen City", and Dayton would be the "Gem" in the queen’s crown. The city was advertised as "The Gem City, the Cleanest City in America" in the 1950s, 60s and into the 70s. The phrase was often seen on public trash cans, and other places throughout the city during this time period. Additionally, Dayton has one of the most consistent street cleaning schedules. Every morning, street cleaners sweep downtown Dayton of any trash from the previous day. Dayton has also been called "Dragons City." This nickname came from the popular minor league baseball team for which Dayton has become famous. The nickname is most popular among younger crowds in Dayton such has the various college campuses and on the military base. Ohio’s nickname "Birthplace of Aviation" is also frequently seen due to Dayton being the hometown of the Wright Brothers. In

Peace accords
The Dayton Agreement, a peace accord between the parties to the hostilities of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Yugoslavia, was negotiated in the Dayton area. Negotiations took place from November 1, 1995 to November 21, 1995 at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton.

Dayton’s primary nickname is the "Gem City". The origin of the name is no longer clear; it appears to stem either from a wellknown racehorse named "Gem" that hailed from Dayton, or from descriptions of the city likening it to a gem. The most likely origin appears to be an 1845 article in the Cincinnati Daily Chronicle newspaper, by an author writing with the byline "T", which reads In a small bend of the Great Miami River, with canals on the east and south, it can be fairly said, without infringing


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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Rec High °F Norm High °F Norm Low °F Rec Low °F Precip (in) Jan 71 19 -25 2.6 Feb 73 Mar Apr 82 89 May Jun 93 102 Jul 102 Aug Sep 102 101 Oct 89

Dayton, Ohio

Nov 79

Dec 72

33.7 38.2 49.3 22.4 31.2 -16 -7 2.29 3.29

60.7 71.2 40.4 51.1 15 27 4.03 4.17

80.1 84.2 82.3 75.6 63.5 50.1 38.5 60.2 64.4 62.2 54.6 43.5 34.3 24.4 40 44 39 32 21 -2 -20 3.08 4.21 3.75 3.49 2.65 2.72 3.3

Source: their bicycle shop in Dayton, the Wrights developed the principles of aerodynamics, and designed and constructed a number of gliders and portions of their first airplane. After their first manned flights in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, which had been chosen due to its constant predictable winds and desolation, the Wrights continued testing at nearby Huffman Prairie.[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.6 square miles (146.7 km²), of which, 55.8 square miles (144.5 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (1.55%) is water.

The region is dominated by a humid continental climate, characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters. The highest temperature ever recorded in Dayton was 105 °F in July 1934, and the coldest was -21 °F in January 1985.[12] Dayton is subject to severe weather typical to the Midwestern United States. Tornadoes are possible from the spring to the fall. Floods, blizzards, and severe thunderstorms can also occur from time to time.

Dayton is located at 39°45′46″N 83°11′48″W / 39.76278°N 83.19667°W / 39.76278; -83.19667 (39.762708, -84.196665).[11] The city sits in the Miami River Valley, north of Cincinnati, well south of Toledo, south-west of Columbus, and east of Richmond, Indiana, in the southwest quadrant of the state. Most official and government designations place it in west-central Ohio (a term which colloquially often refers to Lima, Ohio). It is at the confluence of the Great Miami River, the Stillwater and Mad rivers, and Wolf Creek. Greater Dayton is generally referred to by locals as the Miami Valley, which is understood to mean the area south of Sidney and north of Middletown, and west of Springfield to the Indiana border

Dayton’s suburbs with a population of 10,000 or more: • Beavercreek • Centerville • Clayton • Englewood • Fairborn • Harrison Township • Huber Heights • Kettering • Miami Township • Miamisburg • Oakwood • Riverside • Springboro (partial) • Trotwood • Vandalia • Washington Township • West Carrollton • Xenia

Dayton Aerial


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Dayton, Ohio
magazine’s list of America’s Emptiest Cities in February 2009. [19]

Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,950 — 1830 6,067 105.7% 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 10,977 20,081 30,473 38,678 61,220 85,333 116,577 152,559 200,982 210,718 243,872 262,332 243,601 193,536 182,044 166,179 80.9% 82.9% 51.8% 26.9% 58.3% 39.4% 36.6% 30.9% 31.7% 4.8% 15.7% 7.6% −7.1% −20.6% −5.9% −8.7%

There were 67,409 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.2% were married couples living together, 20.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.04.

Age structure and gender ratio
The age structure of Dayton’s population is: • under 18 years: 25.1% • 18 to 24 years: 14.2% • 25 to 44 year: 29.0% • 45 to 64 years: 19.6% • 65 years of age or older: 12.0% The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males, while for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

Est. 2007 155,461 −6.4% Population 1830–1970.[13] Population 1980–2000.[14] Population 2007.[15] Note: the following demographic information applies only to the city of Dayton proper. For other Dayton-area communities, see their respective articles. As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 166,179 people, 67,409 households, and 37,614 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,979.3 people per square mile (1,150.3/km²). There were 77,321 housing units at an average density of 1,386.3/sq mi (535.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.40% White, 43.10% Black, 0.30% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[17] The population of Dayton has been declining since the 1970s, as can be observed from portrayal of historical population data. This is in part due to the slowdown of manufacturing in the region and the growth of Dayton’s suburbs including Englewood, Vandalia, Beavercreek, Miamisburg, and Centerville.[18] Dayton ranked fifth in Forbes

The median income for a household in the city was $27,523, and the median income for a family was $34,978. Males had a median income of $30,816 versus $24,937 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,547. About 18.2% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Political structure
In 1913, Dayton became the first large city in the United States to adopt the council-manager system of city government. In this system, the mayor is merely the chairperson of the city commission and has one vote on the commission just like the other commissioners. The commission hires a separate city manager, who holds administrative authority over the city government. See also: List of mayors of Dayton, Ohio The city also encourages resident participation through the use of neighborhood associations and priority boards. A total of 65 neighborhoods comprise seven priority board districts.


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Dayton, Ohio
Targeted crimes in Dayton declined 39 percent over the five-year period.[21] Despite these statiscal gains, Dayton remains only the 147th largest city in America by population, yet is the 19th most violent according to the FBI.[22] A new police chief, Richard S. Biehl, joined the Dayton Police Department in January 2008. Biehl brought more than 25 years of law enforcement experience (with expertise in prevention and community policing) to Dayton following a career with the Cincinnati Police Department and the Community Police Partnering Center (where he served as Executive Director), also in Cincinnati. Mayor Rhine McLin is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[23] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston, Massachusetts Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.


Civil War memorial in Dayton, Ohio. Electric trolley bus cables are visible in the photo. See also: Neighborhoods of Dayton, Ohio C-5 Galaxy at Wright Patterson AFB Dayton is home to many major corporations and companies such as NCR, Reynolds and Reynolds, CareSource, Cargill, ChemStation International, NewPage Corporation, Standard Register, WorkflowOne (formerly Relizon), Huffy Bicycles, LexisNexis, Kettering Health Network, Premier Health Partners, and Mead prior to becoming MeadWestvaco. It was formerly home of Speedwell Motor Car Company. Two of these companies, NCR and NewPage Corporation, are both Fortune 500 companies.[24] The research and development arm of the U.S. Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is the fifth largest employer in the state of Ohio and the largest employer at a single

Public safety
Dayton has experienced an improving public safety environment since 2003, with crime declining in key categories according to FBI Uniform Crime Reports and Dayton Police Department data.[20] City officials reported in January 2008 a decline of 6.1 percent in crime for 2007 when compared to 2006. From 2003 to 2007, crime decreased by 10.7 percent. Among violent crimes (homicide, rape, robbery and aggravated assault), Dayton saw a decline of 17.3 percent over the five years ending December 31, 2007.


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location.[25] Below is a list of the Dayton region’s largest employers: Largest employers and Number of employees:.[26] • Wright-Patterson Air Force Base 22,000 • Premier Health Partners 9,000 • Delphi Automotive Systems 8,700 • AK Steel Corp. 3,800 • Good Samaritan Hospital 3,000

Dayton, Ohio

Urban design and architecture

View of Dayton Unlike many midwestern cities of its age, Dayton has very broad and straight downtown streets (generally two or three full lanes in each direction), facilitating access to the downtown even after the automobile became popular. The main reason for the broad streets was that Dayton was a marketing and shipping center from its beginning: streets were broad to enable wagons drawn by teams of three to four pairs of oxen to turn around. In addition, some of today’s streets were once barge canals flanked by drawpaths.[27] A courthouse building was constructed in downtown Dayton in 1888 to supplement Dayton’s original Neoclassical courthouse, which still stands. This second, "new" courthouse has since been replaced with new facilities as well as a park. The Old Court House has also been a favorite campaign stop. On September 17, 1859, future President Abraham Lincoln delivered an address on the steps of the building. Eight other presidents have visited the courthouse, either as presidents or during presidential campaigns. They include Andrew Johnson, James Garfield, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, and Bill Clinton.[28] Dayton’s ten historic neighborhoods — Oregon District, Wright Dunbar, Dayton View, Grafton Hill, McPherson Town, Webster Station, Huffman, Kenilworth,St. Anne’s Hill, and South Park — feature mostly singlefamily houses and mansions in the Neoclassical, Jacobethan, Tudor Revival, English

Mutual Home Savings Building Gothic, Chateauesque, Craftsman, Queen Anne, Georgian Revival, Colonial Revival, Renaissance Revival Architecture, Shingle Style Architecture, Prairie, Mission Revival, Eastlake/Italianate, American Foursquare, and Federal styles of architecture.[29] In 2009, The CareSource Management Group completed construction of a $55 million corporate headquarters at the corner of Main Street and Monument Avenue in downtown Dayton. The 300,000-square-foot, 10-story building marks downtown’s first new office tower in more than a decade.[30] The two tallest buildings of the Dayton skyline are the Kettering Tower at 408 ft (124 m) and the KeyBank Tower at 385 ft (117 m).[31] Kettering Tower was originally Winters Tower, the headquarters of Winters Bank. The building was renamed after Virginia Kettering when Winters was merged into BankOne. KeyBank Tower was formerly known as the MeadWestvaco Tower before KeyBank gained naming rights to the building in 2008.[32]


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Dayton, Ohio
Super Subby’s is also a Dayton-based restaurant chain which specializes in submarine sandwiches and chili.

Culture and recreation
Fine arts
Dayton is also home to a variety of performing arts venues. The Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing Arts Center at the corner of Second and Main, is the home performance venue of the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra and the Dayton Opera. In addition to Philharmonic and Opera performances, the Schuster Center hosts concerts, lectures, traveling Broadway shows, and is a popular spot for weddings and other events. The historic Victoria Theatre, located at the corner of First and Main, hosts concerts, traveling Broadway shows, ballet, a summertime classic film series, and much more. The Loft Theatre, also on Main Street, is the home of the Human Race Theatre Company. The Dayton Playhouse, located in West Dayton, is also the site of numerous plays and theatrical production.[33] Dayton is also the home to the Gem City Ballet and Progressive Dance Theater, companies in residence at the Pontecorvo Ballet Studio.

Museums and historical parks
The National Museum of the United States Air Force is at nearby Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and is the largest and oldest military aviation museum in the world. [35] The museum draws over 1.3 million visitors per year.[36] Also contained within this museum is the National Aviation Hall of Fame. Dayton is home to the Dayton Art Institute, a museum of fine arts.[37]. The Dayton Art Institute was rated one of the top 10 best art museums in the United States for kids. [38]. The Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park commemorates the lives and achievements of Dayton natives Orville and Wilbur Wright and Paul Laurence Dunbar. America’s Packard Museum is the world’s only restored Packard Dealership operating as a museum. The museum contains over 50 restored Packard vehicles, and in addition, significant artifacts from the Packard Motor Car Company are on display. [39]. SunWatch Indian Village/Archaeological Park is located on the south end of Dayton. SunWatch is the location of a 12th century American Indian village that has been partially reconstructed and includes a museum where visitors can learn about the Indian history of the Miami Valley.[40] The Boonshoft Museum of Discovery is a local children’s museum of science with numerous exhibits, one of which includes an indoor zoo.[41]


South of Dayton in Kettering is the Fraze Pavilion which hosts many nationally and internationally known musicians for concerts. South of downtown, on the banks of the Great Miami River, is the University of Dayton Arena, home venue for the University of Dayton Flyers basketball teams and the location of various other events and concerts. North of Dayton is the Hara Arena that frequently hosts expo events and concerts. The Nutter Center, which is east of Dayton in the suburb of Fairborn is the home arena for athletics of Wright State University and the Dayton Bombers hockey team. This

Marion’s Piazza Dayton is home to a variety of popular pizza chains that have become woven into local culture, the most notable of which are Cassano’s and Marion’s Piazza. Dayton is also home to the Mexican Restaurant chain Hot Head Burritos. Hot Head Burritos was ranked by in 2009 as one of America’s next big chains. [34]


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Club Dayton Dragons Dayton Bombers League MWL, Baseball ECHL, Ice hockey Venue Fifth Third Field Nutter Center Established 1998 1991

Dayton, Ohio
Championships 0 0 0

NWFA, Women’s Dayton Diamonds football Dayton Flyers NCAA basketball & football

Chester A. Roush Sta- 2008 dium, Fairmont High School UD Arena (basketball), Welcome Stadium (football) Ervin J. Nutter Center (Basketball), Nischwitz Field (Baseball), Alumni Field (Soccer) 1995


Wright State Raiders

NCAA Men’s and Women’s Basketball, Baseball, Softball, & Men’s and Women’s Soccer

1990 (Nutter Center), 2000 (Nischwitz Field), 1999 (Alumni Field)

1 (Men’s Basketball, 1983 D-II), 0, 0

venue is also used for many concerts and community events. From 1996 to 1998, Dayton hosted the National Folk Festival. Since then, the annual Cityfolk Festival has continued to bring the best in folk, ethnic and world music and arts to Dayton. The Dayton Amateur Radio Association annually hosts North America’s largest hamfest at Hara Arena in Trotwood,[42] a neighboring suburb. Amateur radio operators are commonly referred to as "hams" with as many as 25,000 traveling from around the world to attend this convention. Dayton hosts the Winter Guard International championships, at which hundreds of percussion and color guard ensembles compete from around the world.[43] The Dayton area is served by Five Rivers Metroparks, encompassing 11,500 acres over 23 facilities for year-round recreation, education and conservation.[44] The Oregon District is a historic residential and commercial district located in southeast downtown Dayton. The district is populated with art galleries, specialty shops, pubs, nightclubs, and coffee houses.[45]

UD Arena Dayton also hosts one of the top national prep basketball events in the country, Flyin’ to the Hoop. Since 2003, the event has contributed over 1 million dollars in economic impact every year to the region and allows local prep players to play against some of the best teams in the nation.

The principal general-circulation daily newspaper in the region is the Dayton Daily News, which is owned by Cox Enterprises. Christian Citizen USA (currently doing business as Citizen USA), which claims to uphold traditional values and distances itself from secular media,[47] is a newspaper with circulation in greater Dayton and its surrounding suburban

Dayton hosted the first American Professional Football Association game (precursor to the NFL). The game was played at Triangle Park between the Dayton Triangles and the Columbus Panhandles on October 3, 1920.[46]


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Dayton, Ohio
The Dayton television market is ranked the #62 Nielsen DMA in the United States. Nationally syndicated morning talk show The Daily Buzz originated from WBDT-TV, the Acme property in Miamisburg, Ohio before moving to its current home in Florida.

AM format
• • • • • The sculpture Flyover (David Evans Black, 1996) on Main Street downtown. The sculpture tracks the path of the Wright Brothers’ first powered aircraft flight. communities. The Dayton City Paper is a free weekly circulation newspaper formerly known as the Impact Weekly. The KetteringOakwood Times, part of the Brown Publishing family, is a weekly with circulation primarily in the south suburban communities. Brown weeklies have a circulation of over 100,000 in the Metro-Dayton area. Community Xpress is a weekly publication distributed in several Miami Valley communities. Flyer News is the semiweekly student newspaper at the University of Dayton and serves the campus community. The Guardian is the weekly student newspaper at Wright State University. And, the Clarion is the student newspaper of Sinclair Community College. • WLW 700 - news and talk (Cincinnati) WPFB 910 - Classic Country (Middletown) WONE 980 – sports (Fox Sports) WGNZ 1110 - gospel hit radio (Fairborn) WDAO 1210 – black contemporary, soul music, local news and talk WHIO 1290 – news and talk (Cox Communications-owned, Fox News Radio affiliate) WIZE 1340 - repeater for WONE 980 (Springfield) WING 1410 – sports (ESPN Radio) WBZI 1500 - country (Xenia) plus repeaters WEDI 1130 in Eaton and WKFI 1090 in Wilmington WPTW 1570 - high school sports (Piqua) WULM 1600 - "Radio Maria USA" Catholic radio, repeater of KJMJ (Alexandria, Louisiana transmitting in Springfield) 1660 - informational radio (Kettering)

• • •

• •


FM format
• WDPR 88.1 – Dayton Public Radio, classical • WCSU-FM 88.9 – Urban jazz and gospel • WQRP 89.5 – Praise 89.5, Christian Praise and Worship • WCDR 90.3 – Christian (based in nearby Cedarville, Ohio) • WYSO 91.3 – National Public Radio (based in nearby Yellow Springs, Ohio) • WROU 92.1 – Urban adult contemporary • WGTZ 92.9 – Jack Format 50’s-90’s "We Play Anything" (Fly 92.9) • WFCJ 93.7 – Christian (WFCJ Inspiration!) • WDKF 94.5 – Top 40 rhythmic pop (Channel 945) • WYGY 94.9 - Classic Country (94.9 The Wolf - based in Fairfield, Ohio) • WZLR 95.3 – Classic hits (95.3 The Eagle) • WHIO 95.7 – News and talk (WHIO FM) (Simulcasts with WHIO 1290AM) • WFTK 96.5 - Rock (96Rock - based in Lebanon, Ohio)

The Dayton metro area’s broadcast television stations are as follows: • WDTN, Channel 2 – NBC, operated by LIN TV • WHIO-TV, Channel 7 – CBS, operated by Cox Communications • WPTD, Channel 16 – PBS, operated by ThinkTV (formerly known as Greater Dayton Public Television), which also operates WPTO, assigned to Oxford, Ohio • WKEF, Channel 22 – ABC, operated by Sinclair Broadcasting • WBDT, Channel 26 – The CW, operated by Acme Television • WRGT-TV, Channel 45 – Fox/My Network TV, operated under a local marketing agreement by Sinclair Broadcasting


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• WOKL 96.9 - Contemporary Christian (based in Troy, repeater of K-LOVE 89.3 FM in Winchester, Oregon) • WSWO 97.7/101.5 - Ultimate Oldies (based in Huber Heights) • WUDR 98.1/99.5 - Flyer Radio (University of Dayton) • WKET 98.3 - "The Bird" Student run station out of Fairmont High School (Impact 98.3) (Based in Kettering) • WHKO 99.1 – Country (K99.1FM) • WLQT 99.9 – Soft adult contemporary (Lite 99.9) • WEEC 100.7 - Christian • WCWT 101.5 - "The Beef" Student run station out of Centerville High School (Based in Centerville) • WUFM 102.5 - RadioU - Christian alternative and hardcore (based in Columbus) • WDHT 102.9 – Urban (Hot 102.9) • WGRR 103.5 - Oldies (Based in Cincinnati, Ohio) • WXEG 103.9 – Modern rock (The X) • WTUE 104.7 – Classic rock • WPFB 105.9 - Country (The Rebel 105.9) • WDSJ 106.5 – Smooth jazz (Smooth Jazz 106.5) • WWSU 106.9 – College radio (Wright State University) • WMMX 107.7 – Hot adult contemporary (Mix 107.7) Some Cincinnati and other southwest Ohio radio and television stations can be received in parts of Dayton, as well.

Dayton, Ohio
national inter-city scheduled bus service to and from the Dayton area. [49]

Air transportation is available via the Dayton International Airport, located in nearby Vandalia, just north of Dayton proper. People from nearby cities such as Cincinnati, Columbus, and Indianapolis travel and fly out of Dayton due to lower costs. The Dayton International Airport, ranking among the nation’s busiest air-freight facilities, is the midwestern hub for Emery Worldwide, a CF company. Dayton’s central location means that the Airport is within 90 minutes by air from 55 percent of the nation’s population.[50] The Dayton International Airport is also a significant regional air freight hub hosting FedEx Express, UPS Airlines, United States Postal Service, and major commercial freight carriers.[51] The Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport is a is a general aviation airport that is owned and operated by the City of Dayton and serves as the reliever airport for Dayton International Airport. The airport primarily serves corporate and personal aircraft users.[52]

Major highways
• Interstate 75 runs north to south though the city of Dayton and many of Dayton’s north and south suburbs. • Interstate 70 is a major east-west insterstate that runs through many of Dayton’s east and west suburbs and intersects with I-75 in Vandalia, Ohio just north of the city. This intersection is also known as "Freedom Veterans Crossroads." I-70 is the major route to the airport. • Interstate 675 is a partial interstate ring along the eastern suburbs of Dayton. It runs north to south and connects I-70 to the north and I-75 to the south. • Route 4 runs through downtown Dayton and connects at I-70. The intersection of Route 4 and I-75 is also known to locals as Malfunction Junction, because of the sharp turn in the Northbound lanes of I-75 that causes heavy traffic delays during rush hour. That section of interstate is also known for traffic accidents. • US 35 is also a major east-west highway passing through downtown Dayton. It intersects with I-75 in downtown Dayton. US 35 carries commuters east to Xenia,

Public transit
The Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority (RTA) operates public bus routes in the Dayton metro area. In addition to routes covered by traditional diesel-powered buses, RTA has a number of electric trolley bus routes. In continuous operation since 1888 with some form of electric transit, Dayton is the second longest-running of the five remaining trolleybus systems in the U.S., having started them in 1933. They are behind Philadelphia, which started trolleybuses in 1923[48] There is currently no RTA bus route serving the Dayton International Airport. Dayton also operates a Greyhound Lines bus station located downtown near the Dayton Convention Center. This provides


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Ohio or west to the Ohio-Indiana border. The stretch of US 35 through downtown just recently underwent major reconstruction, extending the third lane past Steve Whalen Blvd to the east. • Route 49 is another major by-way for Dayton. It begins on the west side of the city at US 35 and ends at M-49 in Michigan. The most widely used portion of this route for the Dayton area is from US 35 north to I-70. Route 49 is also known as the Trotwood Connector in the Dayton area. The Ohio Department of Transportation is currently in the process of $533 million worth of construction to modify and reconstruct I-75 through downtown Dayton. ODOT will be reconstructing OH-4 and I-75, US 35 and I-75, and 12 other interchanges along I-75 in Dayton.

Dayton, Ohio

St. Mary’s Hall and the Immaculate Conception Chapel at the University of Dayton

Colleges and universities
Dayton is home to two major universities: the University of Dayton, a private, Catholic institution founded in 1850 by the Marianist order, and the public Wright State University, which became a state university in 1967. Wright State University has the only medical school in the Dayton area. The University of Dayton has the only American Bar Association (ABA) approved law school in the Dayton area.[57] The University of Dayton is also Ohio’s largest private University and is one of the top 10 Catholic Universities in the United States. Dayton is also home to Sinclair Community College one of the largest community colleges in the nation.[58] Sinclair is also one of the country’s leading community colleges,[59] Sinclair was originally founded as the YMCA college in 1887. Dayton is also home to Miami-Jacob’s College, the International School of Broadcasting, and the Dayton School of Medical Massage.

Rail freight
Dayton has been identified as a stop in the proposed Ohio Hub project, which would bring high-speed rail to Ohio.[53] Dayton also hosts several inter-modal freight railroad terminals. Three Class I railroads both CSX, Norfolk Southern Railway, and Conrail operate switching yards in the city. Because of its transportation system, which affords direct access to major markets, Dayton has become an important warehouse and distribution center.[54]

Public schools
The Dayton Public High Schools operates 34 schools that serve 16,855 students.[55] • Paul Laurence Dunbar High • Thurgood Marshall High • Meadowdale High • Patterson Career Center • Belmont High • Stivers School for the Arts

Points of interest
• • • • • • Cox Arboretum and Gardens MetroPark Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum Carillon Historical Park Dayton International Peace Museum Montgomery County Historical Society Aullwood Audubon Center and Farm

Private schools
The city of Dayton has 35 private schools located within the city.[56] • Chaminade-Julienne Catholic High School • The Miami Valley School • Carroll High School

Sister cities
Dayton has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: • Augsburg, Germany • Holon, Israel


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dayton, Ohio

[9] "City of Dayton FAQ’s". Public_Affairs/faq.asp. Retrieved on 2007-07-23. [10] The Wright Brothers | The First Circular [11] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [12] " historical temperature Dayton City Seal in sister city Holon, Israel data for Dayton". (4th from the left) wxclimatology/monthly/USOH0245. • Monrovia, Liberia Retrieved on 2007-10-04. • Oiso, Japan [13] "Population of the 100 largest cities • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1790–1990". The United States Census Bureau. population/www/documentation/ twps0027.html. Retrieved on • List of people from Dayton, Ohio 2007-07-29. • List of tallest buildings in Dayton, Ohio [14] "1980–1990 Population of Places With • National Aviation Hall of Fame 100,000 or More Inhabitants". The United States Census Bureau. censusdata/c1008090pc.txt. Retrieved on [1] "Dayton Daily News Caption of Woodland 2007-07-29. Cemetery photo". [15] "2007 Population of US Cities". content/travel/getaways/ news/nation/articles/2008/07/09/ woodland_sites_9.html. Retrieved on population_of_us_cities_2007/. Retrieved 2007-07-11. on 2008-07-17. [2] "Find a County". National Association of [16] "American FactFinder". United States Counties. Census Bureau. Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ Retrieved on cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. on 2008-01-31. [17] "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts". [3] U.S. Census Bureau - Population Estimates for Metropolitan Statistical 39/3921000.html. Retrieved on Areas (2007) 2008-01-21. [4] "Martin Luther King Speech". [18] "Growth of Dayton’s Suburbs". content/oh/story/news/local/2009/04/02/ 159403/ ddn040209kingweb.html. Retrieved on dayton_population_falls_36_percent/. 2009-04-02. Retrieved on 2009-04-22. [5] Dayton Inventions [19] "America’s Emptiest Cities". [6] Fast facts and inventors[7] "National Park Service". ten-top-lifestyle-real estate_0212_cities.html. Retrieved on online_books/daav/introduction.htm. 2009-02-16. Retrieved on 2009-03-09. [20] "Crime statistic show decline" (pdf). [8] "University of Dayton Page". PressReleases/Documents/2008/ C66088C8-918E-420A-9B35-D2ADBDAEAE20.htm. Crime%20Statistics%20Show%20Decline.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-03-04. [21] "Declining Dayton Crime".

See also



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dayton, Ohio

departments/police/Pages/ [35] "Wright Patterson Air Force Base". cimedecline08.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-03-19. Retrieved on 2008-12-27. [22] "Study: 4 Ohio cities make top 25 most [36] "Airfoce Museum Attendence". dangerous list". November 18, 2007. detail.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-05. content/oh/story/news/local/2007/11/18/ [37] "Dayton Art Institute". ddn111907riskycityglance.html. [23] "Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Retrieved on 2008-12-27. Members". [38] "Best Art Museum for Kids". html/about/members.shtml. Retrieved on travel/us-destinations/the-10-best-art2007-06-12. museums-for-kids/?page=4. Retrieved on [24] "Fortune 500 Companies". April 3, 2009. 2009-04-01. [39] "America’s Packard Museum". fortune/fortune500/2008/states/ OH.html. the_story.html. Retrieved on [25] "WPAFB Dayton Economy". April 3, 2009-04-09. 2009. [40] "SunWatch Indian Village". The-Midwest/Dayton-Economy.html. Retrieved on [26] "Dayton Economy Employers and 2009-03-15. Employees". April 3, 2009. [41] "Boonshoft Museum of Discovery". Midwest/Dayton-Economy.html. index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1. [27] "Dayton’s Broad Downtown Streets". Retrieved on 2009-04-01. [42] 2008 Dayton Hamvention - The Greatest Dayton:Ohio.html. Retrieved on Amateur Radio Convention in the World! 2009-03-15. [43] "WGI World Championships". [28] "Dayton’s Old Courthouse". Retrieved on 2009-03-15. index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=18. [44] "Five Rivers Metroparks". Retrieved on 2009-03-15. [29] Preservation Dayton - News & Events content/recreation/guides/localparks/ [30] "CareSource Office Building". metroparks_index.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Media/2006PressReleases/ [45] "Oregon Arts District". New+Building.htm. Retrieved on 2009-02-03. Retrieved on 2009-04-03. [31] "Tallest buildings in Dayton". [46] Football Firsts [47] Citizen USA - Commentary [48] North American Trackless Trolley ?c151. Retrieved on 2007-07-17. Association’s DATA BOOK II (1979), [32] "KeyBank tower". pages 9 & 10 of the All Time Operators List, v4. content/oh/story/business/2008/03/31/ [49] "Greyhound Locations". ddn033108keybankweb.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-15. TicketCenter/en/locations.asp?state=oh. [33] "Dayton Playhouse". Retrieved on 2008-12-28. [50] "Dayton International Airport and Retrieved on 2009-04-01. Economy".[34] "Hot Head Burritos". cities/The-Midwest/Dayton Economy.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-03. stories/2009/02/16/smallb1.html. [51] "Dayton International Airport Freight Retrieved on 2009-04-03. Operations". index.php?page=cargo. Retrieved on 2009-04-05.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[52] "Airport Information Overview". index.php?page=wright-brothersairport-2. Retrieved on 2009-04-21. [53] The Ohio Hub. Ohio Rail Development Commission. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. [54] "Dayton’s Rail Freight Information". Retrieved on 2009-04-21. [55] "Dayton City Schools Information". us/ohio/district/dayton-city-schooldistrict/. Retrieved on 2009-04-21. [56] "Dayton Private Schools Information". schools/OH/Dayton.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-21. [57] UDSL [58] "Sinclair Community College Information". industry/publicsector/

Dayton, Ohio
partnersolutionmarketplace/global/ CaseStudyDetail.aspx?casestudyid=4000003808. Retrieved on 2009-04-21. [59] About Sinclair Community College

External links
• • • • • • • • • • Official city website Dayton travel guide from Wikitravel Dayton Daily News Five Rivers Metroparks Dayton Metro Library Dayton History Books Online Dayton Public Schools Greater Dayton RTA Bus Lines History of NCR Visitors’ information (from Wright State University) • What Dreams We Have, The Wright Brothers and Their Hometown of Dayton, OH

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