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List of sovereign states

List of sovereign states
This is a list of sovereign states, containing 203 entries, giving an overview of states around the world with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It is arranged alphabetically. It includes both states widely recognized to be de jure sovereign and states that claim de jure sovereignty and exercise de facto control over some territory, but which are not generally recognised. The status of some entries on this list is disputed. For information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, see the section "criteria for inclusion" below. Andorra – Principality of Andorra • Catalan: Andorra – Principat d’Andorra Angola – Republic of Angola • Portuguese: Angola – República de Angola Antigua and Barbuda – Antigua and Barbuda • English– Antigua and Barbuda

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. A separatist g claims independen

Widely recognized UN. Antigua and B monwealth realm[ sion (dependency) autonomous statu

Internationally recognized sovereign states
Name in English and the official languages of the state[1]

Argentina – Argentine Republic[6] • Spanish: Argentina – República Argentina

Information on status and recognition of sovereignty[2]

A
Abkhazia Other states Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan • Pashto: ? ????????? ?????? ??????? De Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat • Dari/Persian: ????????? – ?????? ?????? ????????? Afġānestān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmīye Afġānistān

Widely recognized UN. Argentina is a vided in provinces district. Argentina eignty over the Br ritories of the Falk South Georgia and wich Islands[8]

Armenia – Republic of Armenia • Armenian: ???????? – ????????? ??????????????? Widely recognized member of the Hayastan – Hayastani UN. Hanrapetut’yun Australia – Commonwealth of Australia • English: Australia – Commonwealth of Australia

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized member of the Albania – Republic of Albania • Albanian: Shqipëria – Republika e UN. Shqipërise Algeria – People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria • Arabic: ??????? – ????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? Al-Jazā’ir – Al-Jumhūrīyah alJazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha`bīyah Widely recognized member of the UN.

Widely recognized UN. Australia is a realm[4] and a fed and territories. Au eignty over: • Christmas • Cocos (Kee • Norfolk Isla • Ashmore and C • Coral Sea Islan • Heard Island an Islands Australia claims so parts of Antarctica • Australian Anta

Austria – Republic of Austria • German: Österreich – Republik Österreich

Widely recognized and the EU.[9] Aus tion[7] divided in s (Bundesländer).

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan • Azeri: Azərbaycan – Azərbaycan Respublikası

List of sovereign states

B
The Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas • English: The Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain • Arabic: ??????? – ????? ??????? al-Baḥrayn – Mamlakat alBaḥrayn Bangladesh – People’s Republic of Bangladesh • Bengali: ???????? – ?????????????? ???????? Banglādeś – Gônoprojatontri Banglādeś Barbados • English: Barbados Belarus – Republic of Belarus • Belarusian: Беларусь – Рэспубліка Беларусь Bjelarúś – Respublika Bjelarúś • Russian: Беларусь – Республика Беларусь Belorussiya – Respublika Belarus Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium • Dutch: België – Koninkrijk België • French: Belgique – Royaume de Belgique • German: Belgien – Königreich Belgien Belize • English: Belize Benin – Republic of Benin[10]

Widely recognized member ofRépublique du • French: Bénin – the UN. Azerbaijan has one autonomous Bénin republic, Nakhchivan, and the Bhutan – Kingdom of autonomous region of Nagorno-Kara-Bhutan bakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ,).[5] In • Dzongkha: Nagorno Karabakh aYul – Druk Gyal-khab Druk de facto country in the de jure territory of Azerbaijan has been established. Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia • Spanish: Bolivia – República de Bolivia • Quechua: Bulibiya – Bulibiya Widely recognized member of the Mama Llaqta UN. The Bahamas is a Common• Aymara: Wuliwya – Wuliwya Suyu wealth realm.[4] Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bosnia and Herzegovina Widely recognized member of the • Bosnian and Croatian: Bosna i UN. Hercegovina • Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized member of the UN. Botswana – Republic of Botswana • Tswana: Botswana – Lefatshe la Botswana • English: Botswana – Republic of Widely recognized member of the Botswana UN. Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[4] Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil Widely recognized member of the • Portuguese: Brasil – República UN. Federativa do Brasil

Widely recognized UN. As a result of ment between Bos ina, Croatia and th Republic of Yugos Herzegovina is div stituent entities, t of Bosnia and Her Republika Srp

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. Brazil is a fed in states and one f

Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode Widely recognized UN. Brunei claims of Peace part of the Spratly • Malay: Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria • Bulgarian: България – Република България Widely recognized member of the UN Bălgarija – Republika and the EU.[9] Belgium is a federa- Bălgarija tion[7] divided in linguistic communities and regions. Faso – Burkina Burkina Faso[13] • French: Burkina Faso Widely recognized member of theMyanmar Burma – Union of UN. Belize(Burma) is a Commonwealth realm.[4] • Burmese: ??????[14] — Widely recognized member of the UN.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Myan-ma – Pyi-daung-zu Myanma Naing-ngan-daw Burundi – Republic of Burundi • Kirundi: Uburundi – Republika y’Uburundi • French: Burundi – République du Burundi

List of sovereign states
Zhōngguó – Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

Widely recognized member of the UN.

Guangxi, Inner Mo Xinjiang and Tibet Additionally, it has the Special Admin •

Hong Kong administrative Kong)[18]

C
Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia • Khmer: Preah Reachea Nachakr Kampuchea Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon • French: Cameroun – République du Cameroun • English: Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon Canada[15] • English and French: Canada Widely recognized member of the UN. Widely recognized member of the UN.

Widely recognized member of the UN. Canada is a Commonwealth realm[4] and a federation[7] divided into provinces and territories. Taiwan, listed China, Republic of

Macao (spe region of Maca It also claims: • Taiwan and ass which are gove Republic of Chi sovereignty ove China),[20] • The Paracel Isl the ROC and Vi • The Spratly Isla the ROC, Vietn Philippines, Ma Brunei),[12] • Part of the Indi Arunachal Prad Aksai Chin, contro claimed by India a and Kashmir.[22] T Turkestan (Xinjian governments in ex Other states

•

Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde • Portuguese: Cabo Verde – República de Cabo Verde Central African Republic • French: République Centrafricaine • Sangho: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka Chad – Republic of Chad • French: Tchad – République du Tchad • Arabic: ???? – ???????? ???? Tašād – Jumhūriyyat Tašād Chile – Republic of Chile • Spanish: Chile – República de Chile China – People’s Republic of China[16] • Chinese: ?? – ???????

Widely recognized member of the Widely recognized Colombia – Republic of UN. UN. Colombia • Spanish: Colombia – República de Colombia is a coun ent republic, with Colombia and one capital di Widely recognized member of the has a department UN. San Andrés and Pr Comoros – Union of the Comoros Widely recognized member of the • Comorian: Komori – Udzima wa UN. Komori • French: Comores – Union des Comores • Arabic: ????? – ????? ????? Al-Qumur – Ittihād al-Qumur Widely recognized member of the UN. Easter Island is a "special territory" of Chile. Congo – Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)[23] • French: Congo – République Widely recognized member of the [17] Commonly known as China, Démocratique du Congo UN. the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Congo – Republic of the Congo has five autonomous regions: (Congo-Brazzaville)

Widely recognized UN. The Comoros with autonomous Comoros dispute t eignty over Mayot Islands.[8]

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• French: Congo – République du Congo Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica • Spanish: Costa Rica – República de Costa Rica Côte d’Ivoire – Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) • French: Côte d’Ivoire – République de Côte d’Ivoire Croatia – Republic of Croatia • Croatian: Hrvatska – Republika Hrvatska Cuba – Republic of Cuba • Spanish: Cuba – República de Cuba

List of sovereign states
• English: Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica

Widely recognized memberRepublic Dominican of the UN. • Spanish: República Dominicana

Widely recognized UN.

Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus • Greek: Κυπρος – Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία Kypros – Kipriakí Dimokratía • Turkish: Kıbrıs – Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti Czech Republic[25] • Czech: Česko – Česká republika

Widely recognized member of the East Timor – Democratic ReUN. public of Timor-Leste[26] • Tetum: Timor Lorosa’e – Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Widely recognized member of the Lorosa’e UN. • Portuguese: Timor-Leste – República Democrática de TimorLeste Widely recognized member of the UN. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Ecuador Ecuador – Republic of Bay is as the Guantanamo Bay Naval • Spanish: Ecuador – República del Base under the permanent control Ecuador (with no claim of sovereignty) of the Egypt – Arab Republic United States which pays rent under of Egypt • Arabic: Cuba. terms of treaties with??? – ???????? ??????????? Mişr – Jumhūriyyat Mişr alWidely recognized[24] member of the `Arabiyyah UN and the EU.[9] See Northern Cyprus for the de facto state in the El Salvador de jure territory of Cyprus. – Republic of El Salvador • Spanish: El Salvador – República de El Salvador Equatorial of the UN Widely recognized memberGuinea – Republic [9] of and the EU. Equatorial Guinea • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial – República de Guinea Ecuatorial • French:Guinée Équatoriale – République de Guinée Widely recognized member of the UN Équatoriale and the EU.[9] The Kingdom of Denmark includes Eritrea – State of Eritrea also two autonomous areas. – ???more • Tigrinya: ???? For ???? information, see Rigsfællesskabet. Ertra – Hagere Ertra Faroe Islands (Føroyar/ Færøerne) Estonia – Republic of Estonia • Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat/ Vabariik • Estonian: Eesti – Eesti Grønland) Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Widely recognized member of the Republic of Ethiopia UN. • Amharic: ????? – ?????? ????? ??????? ????? Ityop’iya – Ityop’iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik Widely recognized member of the F UN. •

E

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

D
Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark • Danish: Danmark – Kongeriget Danmark

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti • French: Djibouti – République de Djibouti • Arabic: ?????? – ??????? ?????? Jībūtī – Jumhūrīyat Jībūtī Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica

Widely recognized UN. Ethiopia is a f vided in regions a

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of sovereign states

• French: Gabon – République Fiji – Republic of the Fiji Islands Widely recognized member of the Gabonaise • Fijian: Viti – Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i- UN. Fiji has an autonomous region (dependency), Rotuma.[5] koya ko Viti The Gambia – Republic of The • English: Fiji – Republic of the Fiji Gambia Islands • English: The Gambia – Republic • Hindustani:[27] ????? / ???? – of The Gambia ????? ??????? / ???? ????? Fijī – Fijī Ripablik[28] Georgia • Georgian: საქართველო Widely recognized member of the UN Finland – Republic of Finland Sak’art’velo • Finnish: Suomi – Suomen and the EU.[9] Åland is a neutral tasavalta and demilitarised autonomous region • Swedish: Finland – Republiken of Finland.[29][5] Finland France – French Republic • French: France – République française Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Germany – Federal Republic of The French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Germany Guadeloupe, Martinique and • German: Deutschland – Réunion) are Bundesrepublik Deutschland legally part of France and France possesses the uninhabGhana Republic of Ghana ited Clipperton Island.–French sovereignty also• English: Ghana – Republic of includes the overseas terGhana ritories of: French Polynesia (Polynésie Greece – Hellenic Republic française) • Greek: Ελλάδα – Ελληνική • Mayotte (disputed by Δημοκρατία Comoros) Elláda – Ellinikí Dimokratía • New Caledonia (NouvelleCalédonie) • • • • Saint-Barthélemy Saint Martin (Saint-Martin) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) •

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. Georgia has t

an autonomous sta Abkhazia and tia.[5] Both in Abk Ossetia de facto st jure territory of G formed.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9] Ger tion[7] divided in s

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9] Gre eignty over Mount autonomous mona jointly governed b "Holy Community" and the Civil Gove the Greek Ministry fairs, and spiritual direct jurisdiction Patriarchate.

Wallis and Futuna (Wallis-etGrenada Futuna) • English: Grenada • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, Guatemala – Republic of uninhabited). It includes the Guatemala Antarctic claim of Adélie Land. – República • Spanish: Guatemala French sovereignty over Bassas da de Guatemala India, Europa Island and Juan de Guinea – Republic Nova is disputed by Madagascar, of Guinea • Islands Guinée – République de over Glorioso French: by Madagascar, Guinée the Seychelles and the Comoros, and over Tromelin by Mauritius and the Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Seychelles.[8] Guinea-Bissau • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau – República da Guiné-Bissau Gabon – Gabonese Republic

Widely recognized UN. Grenada is a realm.[4]

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

G

Guyana – Co-operative Republic Widely recognized Widely recognized member of the UN. of Guyana UN.

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• English: Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana

List of sovereign states
• Kurdish: ????? – ?????? ????? ʿÎraq – Komara `Îraqê

capital district. At region is Iraqi Kur

H
Haiti – Republic of Haiti • French: Haïti – République d’Haïti • Haitian Creole: Ayiti – Repiblik dAyiti Honduras – Republic of Honduras • Spanish: Honduras – República de Honduras

Ireland[32] • Irish: Éire • English: Ireland Widely recognized member of the UN. Haiti claims the uninhabited UnIsrael – State of Israel ited States possession of Navassa.[8] • Hebrew: ‫לארשי תנידמ – לארשי‬ Yisra’el – Medinat Yisra’el • Arabic: ??????? – ???? Widely recognized member of the ??????? Isrā’īl – Dawlat Isrā’īl UN.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Hungary – Republic of Hungary Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] • Hungarian: Magyarország – Magyar Köztársaság

I
Iceland – Republic of Iceland • Icelandic: Ísland – Lýðveldið Ísland India – Republic of India • Hindi: ???? – ???? ??????? Bhārat – Bhārat Ganarājya • English: India – Republic of India Italy – Italian Republic Widely recognized member of the • Italian: Italia – Repubblica UN. Italiana Widely recognized member of the UN. India is a federation[7] divided in Ivory Coast Côte d’Ivoire states and union territories. The Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is J disputed by the People’s Republic of China.[8] India claims Jamaica sovereignty over and administers • English: part of Kashmir.[22] Jamaica

Widely recognized UN.[33] Israel occu alem, the Golan H the West Bank. Th internationally rec part of Israel.[8] Is a permanent milit Gaza Strip, follow disengagement bu cupying power un law, a status dispu few.[34][35][36][37][ For more informat Palestinian Nation

Widely recognized and the EU.[9] Ital regions, Aosta Val Giulia, Sardinia, S Alto Adige/Südtiro

Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia • Indonesian: Indonesia – Republik Indonesia

Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran • Persian: ????? – ?????? ?????? ????? Īrān – Jomhūri-ye Eslāmi-ye Īrān Iraq – Republic of Iraq • Arabic: ?????? – ??????? ?????? Al-ʿIrāq – Jumhūrīyat Al-`Irāq

Widely recognized member of the [44] Widely recognized UN. Indonesia Japan – State of Japan has four provinces UN. • Japanese: ?? – ??? with special status, Nanggroe Aceh Nihon/Nippon – Nihon-koku/ Darussalam, Yogyakarta Special ReNippon-koku gion, Papua, and Jakarta Special Capital Region.[5] Separatist governments in exile claim independence Kingdom of Widely recognized Jordan – Hashemite for the Republic of the South MolucUN. Jordan cas, the Republic of West Papua, and • Arabic: ?????? – ??????? the Sultanate?????????? ????????? of Nangroe Aceh Darusalam[30] Al-Urdunn – Al-Mamlakah alUrdunniyyah al-Hāshimiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN. Divided into provinces and counties

Widely recognized UN. Jamaica is a C realm.[4]

K

Kazakhstan – Republic of Widely recognized member of the Kazakhstan UN. Iraq’s • Kazakh:Қазақстан constitution labels the country as a federation[31][7] divided Республикасы/Qazaqstan in regions, governorates and the Respwblïkası

Widely recognized UN.

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Russian: Республика Казахстан/Respublika Kazakhstan Kenya – Republic of Kenya • English: Kenya – Republic of Kenya • Swahili: Kenya – Jamhuri ya Kenya Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati • Gilbertese: Kiribati – Ribaberikin Kiribati • English: Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati Korea, North – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) • Korean: ?? – ??????????? Chosŏn – Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk Korea, South – Republic of Korea (South Korea) • Korean: ?? – ???? Hanguk – Daehan Minguk Kosovo Other states

List of sovereign states
Latvia – Republic of Latvia • Latvian: Latvija – Latvijas Republika

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Widely recognized member of the of Lebanon Widely recognized Lebanon – Republic UN. UN. • Arabic: ????? – ?????????? ?????????? Lubnān – Al-Jumhūriyyah alLubnāniyyah Widely recognized member of the • French:République libanaise UN. Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho • English: Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho • Sotho: Lesotho – Mmuso wa Widely recognized member of the Lesotho UN. Liberia – Republic of Liberia • English: Liberia – Republic of Liberia

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized Libya – Socialist People’s LibyUN. an Arab Great Jamahiriya Widely recognized member–of the • Arabic: ????? ?????????? ??????? UN. ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? Lībiyā – al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ashSha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al`Uzmā Widely recognized member of the Liechtenstein – Principality of UN. Liechtenstein • German: Liechtenstein – Fürstentum Liechtenstein Widely recognized member of the Lithuania – Republic of UN. Lithuania • Lithuanian: Lietuva – Lietuvos Respublika Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg • Luxembourgian: Lëtzebuerg – Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg • French: Luxembourg – GrandDuché du Luxembourg • German: Luxemburg – Großherzogtum Luxemburg

Kuwait – State of Kuwait • Arabic: ?????? – ???? ?????? Al-Kuwayt – Dawlat al-Kuwayt Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic • Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан – Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Respublikasy • Russian: Кыргызстан – Кыргызская республика Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyzskaya respublika

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

L

Laos – Lao People’s Democratic Widely recognized member of the UN. M Republic • Lao: ???? – ????????????????????? Macedonia[45] – Former ?????????? Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Lao – Sathalanalat Paxathipatai • Macedonian:[46] Македонија – Paxaxon Lao Република Македонија

Widely recognized UN, provisionally many internationa some countries as Yugoslav Republic

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Makedonija – Republika Makedonija Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar • Malagasy: Madagasikara – Repoblikan’i Madagasikara • French: Madagascar – Republique de Madagascar Malawi – Republic of Malawi • English: Malawi – Republic of Malawi • Chewa: Malaŵi – Mfuko la Malaŵi Malaysia • Malay: Malaysia

List of sovereign states

Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius • English: Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius Widely recognized member of the UN. Madagascar claims the French possessions of Mexico – United Mexican the Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova.[8] States • Spanish: México – Estados Unidos Mexicanos Widely recognized member – Federated States Micronesia of the UN. of Micronesia • English: Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia Moldova – Republic of Moldova • Moldovan[47]: of the Widely recognized member Moldova – UN. MalaysiaRepublica Moldova is a federation[7] divided in states and federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[12] Monaco – Principality of Widely recognized member of the Monaco UN. • French: Monaco – Principauté de Monaco Mongolia • Mongolian: Монгол Улс Mongol Uls Widely recognized member of the Montenegro UN. • Montenegrian: Црна Гора – Црна Гора Crna Gora – of the UN Widely recognized member Crna Gora [9] and the EU. Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco • Arabic: ?????? – ??????? ???????? al-Maġrib – Al-Mamlakah alMaġribiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Marshall Islands claim the United States territory of Wake Island.[8] Mozambique – Republic of Widely recognized member of the Mozambique UN. • Portuguese: Moçambique – República de Moçambique Myanmar Burma

Widely recognized UN. Mauritius has land, Rodrigues.[5 the British Indian and the French isl

Widely recognized UN. Mexico is a fe into states and on

Widely recognized under Compact of with the United St a federation[7] div

Widely recognized UN. Moldova has gion, Gagauzia.[5] for the de facto sta jure territory of M

Maldives – Republic of Maldives • Divehi: ???????? ???????????? – ?????? ???????? ??????????? Divehi Rājje – Divehi Rājje ge Jumhuriyyā Mali – Republic of Mali • French: Mali – République du Mali Malta – Republic of Malta • Maltese: Malta – Repubblika ta’ Malta • English: Malta – Republic of Malta Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands • Marshallese: Aorōkin M̧ajeļ – Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ • English: Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania • Arabic: ????????? – ????????? ????????? ??????????? Mūrītāniyā – l-Jumhūriyyah alIslāmiyyah al-Mūrītāniyyah • French: Mauritanie – République Islamique de la Mauritanie

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. Morocco claim the Western Saha most of it, which i Sahrawi Arab Dem Morocco disputes eignty over Ceuta, Isla Perejil, Islas C and Peñón de Alhu

Widely recognized UN.

N
Nagorno Karabakh Other states

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Namibia – Republic of Namibia • English: Namibia – Republic of Namibia Nauru – Republic of Nauru • Nauruan: Naoero – Ripublik Naoero • English: Nauru – Republic of Nauru Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal • Nepali: ????? Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl The Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands • Dutch: Nederland – Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

List of sovereign states

Widely recognized member of theRepublic of Nigeria – Federal UN. Nigeria • English: Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria Widely recognized member of the Northern Cyprus Other states UN. North Korea

Widely recognized UN. Nigeria is a fe in states and one f

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of

Norway – Kingdom of Norway • Norwegian: Norge – Kongeriket Widely recognized member of the Norge UN.

Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Legally the Netherlands refers to the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, O with the latter consisting of one European country: Oman – Sultanate of Oman • Arabic: ????? – ????? ????? • Netherlands ʿUmān – Saltanat ʿUmān and the two overseas (associated) countries: • • Aruba

Widely recognized UN. Svalbard is an Norway, but has a to the Svalbard Tr uninhabited posse land and Jan Maye parts of Norway. T claim of Peter I Isl Maud Land (Antar Norway is suspend

Widely recognized UN.

New Zealand • English: New Zealand • Māori: Aotearoa

Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua • Spanish: Nicaragua – República de Nicaragua Niger – Republic of Niger • French: Niger – République du Niger

P Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen) Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Widely recognized member of the Pakistan UN. New Zealand is??????? – ?????? ??????? • Urdu: a Commonwealth realm[4] and has responsibilit??????? ies for the two Pākistān – Islami Jomhuri-ye free associated states of: Pākistān • Cook Islands. The Cook • English: Pakistan Islands have received some – Islamic diplomaticRepublic of Pakistan recognition[48] • Niue. Niue only has Palau – with New diplomatic relations Republic of Palau • Zealand. Palauan: Belau – Beluu er a Belau • English: Palau The dependent territory of: – Republic of Palau • Tokelau[49] New Zealand also claims sovereignty The Palestinian National Authority over parts of Antarctica as: Panama – Republic of Panama • Ross Dependency • Spanish: Panamá – República de Widely recognized member of the Panamá UN.
Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea Widely recognized member of the • English: Papua New Guinea – UN. Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Widely recognized UN. Pakistan is a vided in provinces Pakistan claims so administers part o

Widely recognized under Compact of with the United St Other states

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. Papua New G monwealth realm[ autonomous provi Province.[5]

9

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini – Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay • Spanish: Paraguay – República del Paraguay • Guarani: Paraguái – Têta Paraguái Peru – Republic of Peru • Spanish: Perú – República del Perú Philippines – Republic of the Philippines • Filipino: Pilipinas – Republika ng Pilipinas • English: Philippines – Republic of the Philippines

List of sovereign states
• • •

Altai Repub

Bashkortos Buryatia Chechnya Chuvashia Dagestan Ingushetia

Widely recognized member of the UN.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Widely recognized member of the UN. Widely recognized member of the UN. The Philippines has an autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[5] The Philippines claims sovereignty over the Spratly Islands, Scarborough Shoal and Sabah, which is currently administered by Malaysia.[12]

KabardinoKalmykia Karachay-C Karelia Khakassia Komi

Mari El Mordovia North Osse Sakha Repu Tatarstan Tuva Udmurtia

Rwanda – Republic of Widely recognized member of the UNRwanda •[9] KinyaRwanda: Rwanda – and the EU. Repubulika y’u Rwanda • French: Rwanda – République du Rwanda Portugal – Portuguese Republic Widely recognized member of the UN • English: Rwanda – • Portuguese: Portugal – República and the EU.[9] Portugal has two Republic of autonomous regions, Azores and Rwanda Portuguesa Madeira.[5] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over S Olivenza and Táliga. Poland – Republic of Poland • Polish: Polska – Rzeczpospolita Polska Pridnestrovie Other states, Transnistria Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis Widely recognized member of the Saint Lucia UN. • English: Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • English: Saint Vincent and the Widely recognized member of the UN Grenadines and the EU.[9] Samoa – Independent State of Widely recognized member of the Samoa UN. Russia is a federation[7][51] di• Samoan: Sāmoa – Mālo Tuto’atasi vided in Subjects of Russia (oblasts, o Sāmoa republics, autonomous okrugs, krays, • English: Samoa – Independent and federal cities). State of Samoa Several of the federal subjects are republics:[5] San Marino – Republic of San • Adygea Marino

Widely recognized UN.

Q
Qatar – State of Qatar • Arabic: ??? – ???? ??? Qatar – Dawlat Qatar

Widely recognized UN. Saint Kitts an monwealth realm[ tion[7] of the islan

Widely recognized UN. Saint Lucia is realm.[4]

R
Romania • Romanian: România Russia – Russian Federation • Russian: Россия – Российская Федерация Rossiya – Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Widely recognized UN. Saint Vincent ines is a Commonw

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Italian: San Marino – Repubblica di San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe – República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia • Arabic: ???????? – ??????? ???????? ?????????? as-Saʿūdiyyah – Al-Mamlakah al-’Arabiyyah as-Sa’ūdiyyah Senegal – Republic of Senegal • French: Sénégal – République du Sénégal Serbia – Republic of Serbia • Serbian: Србија – Република Србија Srbija – Republika Srbija

List of sovereign states

Slovakia – Slovak Republic • Slovak: Slovensko – Slovenská republika Widely recognized member of the UN. São Tomé Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia and Príncipe has an autonomous province, Príncipe.[5] – Republika • Slovenian: Slovenija Slovenija Solomon Islands • English: Solomon Islands Widely recognized member of the UN. Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia • Somali: Soomaaliya – Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya • Arabic: ??????? – ??????? ??????? Widely recognized member of the As-Sūmāl – Jumhūriyyat aṣUN. Ṣūmāl Widely recognized member of the South Africa – Republic of UN. Serbia considers itself to have South Africa two autonomous provinces, Kosovo – Republic • English: South Africa and Metohija of South Vojvodina,[5] and Africa though most of Kosovo is under the – • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika de facto control of the Republic of Republiek van Suid-Afrika Kosovo, which does not have Afrika – • Xhosa: Mzantsi general recognition. IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika • Zulu: Ningizimu the Widely recognized member of Afrika – IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika UN. The Seychelles claim the British • Ndbele: Sewula Afrika – Indian Ocean Territory and the IRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika French Glorioso Islands and Trome• Northern Sotho: Afrika-Borwa – lin.[8] Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa • Sotho: Afrika Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa Widely recognized member of Borwa – • Tswana: Aforika the UN. Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa • Swazi: Ningizimu Afrika – IRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika Widely recognized member of the • Venda: Afurika Tshipembe – UN. Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe • Tsonga: Afrika Dzonga – Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga South Korea South Ossetia Korea, Republic of Other states

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Widely recognized and the EU.[9]

Widely recognized UN. The Solomon monwealth realm.

Widely recognized UN. Somalia is pre with its Transition Government. Som Yemenite sovereig tra.[8] See Somalil facto country insid ritory of Somalia.

Widely recognized UN.

Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles • English: Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles • French: Seychelles – République des Seychelles • Sesel: – Repiblik Sesel Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone • English: Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone Singapore – Republic of Singapore • English: Singapore – Republic of Singapore • Malay: Singapura – Republik Singapura • Chinese: ??? – ?????? Xīnjīapō – Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó • Tamil: ??????????? – ??????????? ???????? Ciŋkappūr – Ciŋkappūr Kudiyarasu

Spain – Kingdom of Spain • Spanish: España – Reino de España

Widely recognized and the EU.[9] Spa autonomous comm The sovereignty o Alborán, Isla Pere nas, Melilla and P

11

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of sovereign states

is disputed by Morocco. The sover- Republic Syria – Syrian Arab eignty over Olivenza and Táliga is • Arabic: ????? – ?????????? disputed by Portugal. Spain disputes ???????? ????????? the British sovereignty – Al-Jumhūriyyah Sūriyah over Gibraltar.[8] al-’Arabiyyah as-Sūriyyah Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka • Sinhala: ???? ????? – Sri Lanka – Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya • Tamil: ?????? – ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? Llankai – Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu Sudan – Republic of the Sudan • Arabic: ??????? – ??????? ??????? As-Sūdān – Jumhūrīyat asSūdān • English: Sudan – Republic of the Sudan Suriname – Republic of Suriname • Dutch: Suriname – Republiek Suriname Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland • English: Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland • Swazi: eSwatini – Umbuso weSwatini Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden • Swedish: Sverige – Konungariket Sverige Switzerland – Swiss Confederation • German: Schweiz – Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft • French: Suisse – Confédération Suisse • Italian: Svizzera – Confederazione Svizzera • Raeto-Romance: Svizra – Confederaziun Svizra • Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica Widely recognized member of the UN.

Widely recognized UN. The Golan is o Syria disputed the eignty over Hatay

T

Republic of China (commonly known as "Taiwan") Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan • Tajik: Тоҷикистон – Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Tojikiston – Jumhurii Tojikiston Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania Widely recognized member of theJamhuri ya • Swahili: Tanzania – UN. Sudan is Muungano wa Tanzania a federation[7] divided in states and it has one autonomous • English:Tanzania – United region, Southern Sudan, formed out Republic of Tanzania of the Southern Sudanese states.[5] Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand • Thai: ????????? – ?????????????? Widely recognized member of the Prathēt Thai – Rātcha Anāchak UN. Thai Timor-Leste East Timor Widely recognized member of the UN. Togo – Togolese Republic • French: Togo – République Togolaise Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga • Tongan: Tonga – Pule’anga Fakatu’i ’o Tonga Widely recognized member of the UN •[9] and the EU. English: Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga

Oth

Widely recognized UN. Tajikistan has province, Gorno-B

Widely recognized UN. Tanzania is a autonomous statu

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN.

Transnistria Other states Widely recognized member of the UN. Switzerland is a federation[7] di- – Repub- Widely recognized Trinidad and Tobago vided in cantons. UN. Trinidad and lic of Trinidad and Tobago autonomous island • English: Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia • Arabic: ???? – ????????? ???????? Tūnis – Al-Jumhūriyyah atTūnisiyyah • French:République du Tunisie Turkey – Republic of Turkey

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. The Turkish s

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Turkish: Türkiye – Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Turkmenistan • Turkmenian: Türkmenistan Tuvalu • Tuvaluan and English: Tuvalu

List of sovereign states
• •

the Hatay Province is disputed by Syria[8] Widely recognized member of the UN. Widely recognized member of the UN. Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

Turks and C British Ant (disputed) The British Crown over •

U
Uganda – Republic of Uganda • English: Uganda – Republic of Uganda • Swahili: Uganda – Jamhuri ya Uganda Ukraine • Ukrainian: Україна Ukrajina United Arab Emirates – United Arab Emirates • Arabic: ???????? ???????? ???????? Al-Imārāt Al-`Arabiyyah AlMuttahidah United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland • English: United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Guernsey ( dependencies o Herm and • Isle of Man • Jersey

Widely recognized United States of America Widely recognized member ofStates of America UN. The United St the • English: United UN. tion[7] divided in s trict, and one terr States has soverei lowing (inhabited) commonwealths Widely recognized member of the • American S UN. Ukraine has an autonomous re• Guam public, Crimea.[5] • Northern M Widely recognized member of the UN. The United Arab Emirates is a federation[7] divided into emirates. •

Puerto Rico

Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[4] divided into four parts. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories: • Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Anguilla • Bermuda • British Indian Ocean Territory (disputed by Mauritius and the Seychelles)[8] Uruguay – Eastern Republic of • British Virgin Islands Uruguay • Cayman Islands • Spanish: Uruguay – by • Falkland Islands (disputed República [8] Argentina)Oriental del Uruguay • Gibraltar (disputed by Uzbekistan – Republic of Spain)[8] Uzbekistan • Montserrat • Uzbek: Ўзбекистон – • Pitcairn Islands Ўзбекистон Республикаси • Saint Helena (with its O’zbekiston – O‘zbekiston dependencies of Ascension Island Respublikasi and Tristan da Cunha) • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (disputed by V Argentina)[8]

• United Stat Besides these, the territories in the P the Caribbean Sea Howland Island, Ja ston Atoll, Kingma lands, Palmyra Ato (disputed by the M well as Navassa Is Haiti).[8] Of these is fully incorporate a part of the US. T Guantánamo Bay i Guantanamo Bay N the permanent con of sovereignty) of which pays rent u ies with Cuba.

Widely recognized UN.

Widely recognized UN. Uzbekistan ha republic, Kara

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of sovereign states

Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu Widely recognized member of the UN. • Bislama: Vanuatu – Ripablik Other states blong Vanuatu Further information: List of unrecognized • English: Vanuatu – Republic of countries Vanuatu This annex lists states that claim sovereignty • French: Vanuatu – République du and have control over (part of) their claimed Vanuatu territories, but due to disputes over their leWidely recognized country. gitimacy, do not have normal diplomatic relaVatican City – State of the VatThe Holy See, a sovereign entity sovereign states. tions with the majority of ican City recognized by 176 consideredadmin- micronations are Entities countries, to be • Latin: Civitas Vaticana – Status isters the not included. territory of Vatican City; Civitatis Vaticanæ • Italian: Città del Vaticano – Stato the Holy See is a permanent observAbkhazia: Republic De facto indeer of the UN. Vatican City is govdella Città del Vaticano pendent state of Abkhazia erned by officials appointed by the only recognised • Abkhazian: Аҧсны – Pope, with the latter being the Bishby Russia, NiАҧснытәи op of the Archdiocese of Rome and caragua, South Республика therefore ex officio sovereign of VatOssetia and Apsny – Apsnytei ican City. Transnistria.[52] Respublika The Holy See also administers a Claimed in number of • Russian: Aбхазия – extraterritorial properties whole by Georin Italy. Республика Абхазия gia as the Abkhaziya – Autonomous ReVenezuela – Bolivarian Repub- Widely recognized member of the UN. VenezuelaRespublika is a federation[7] di- public of lic of Venezuela vided in states,Abkhaziya depend- Abkhazia. one federal • Spanish: Venezuela – República ency and one federal district. Bolivariana de Venezuela De facto indeKosovo – Republic Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Widely recognized member of the pendent state of Kosovo UN. Vietnam claims sovereignty over that is recogVietnam • Albanian: Kosovës – the Paracel Islands[21] and the • Vietnamese: Việt Nam – Cộng nised by 58 UN Republika e Kosovës Spratly Islands.[12] hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam member states • Serbian: Косово – and by the ReРепублика Косово public of China. Kosovo – Republika W Party to the CenKosovo tral European Western Sahara Other states Free Trade Agreement Y (CEFTA). Claimed in Widely recognized member of the Yemen – Republic of Yemen whole by the Re• Arabic: ????? – ?????????? ??????? UN. The Yemenite sovereignty over public of Serbia Socotra is disputed by Somalia.[8] Al-Yaman – Al-Jumhūriyyah alas part of its Yamaniyyah Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. In Z turn, the RepubWidely recognized member of the Zambia – Republic of Zambia lic of Kosovo UN. • English: Zambia – Republic of claims the part Zambia of Kosovo controlled by the Widely recognized member of the Zimbabwe – Republic of Republic of SerUN. Zimbabwe bia and still ad• English: Zimbabwe – Republic of ministered by Zimbabwe the United

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic • Armenian: ???????? ??????? – ???????? ???????? ??????????????? Leṙnalin Ġarabaġ – Leṙnayin Ġarabaġi Hanrapetut‘yun Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs – Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti De facto independent state that has not been diplomatically recognized by any other state. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Azerbaijan.[53] De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. It was accepted as an observer state of the Organization of the Islamic Conference under the name of the Turkish Cypriot State since 1979. In addition, the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan (the sovereign state that Nakhichevan belongs to) has not followed suit. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[54] The Palestinian territories are partially controlled by Israel and partially under control of the Palestinian Authority. Palestine has received a

List of sovereign states
standing invitation to participate as observer at United Nations General Assembly and maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN Headquarters[55] The declared State of Palestine is recognized by 103 countries.[56] In diplomatic relations, the proposed State of Palestine is represented by the Palestinian Authority. Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland • Somali: Soomaaliland – Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland • Arabic: ??? ??????? – ??????? ??? ??????? Ard as-Sūmāl – Jumhūrīyat Ard asSūmāl South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia • Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон – Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон Xussar Iryston – Respublikæ Xussar Iryston • Russian: Южная Осетия – Республика Южная Осетия Yuzhnaya Osetiya – Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya Taiwan – Republic of China[16] • Chinese: ?? / ?? – ???? De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[57]

Palestinian Territories - State of Palestine • Arabic: ?????? Filastīn

De facto independent state only recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[52]

A state competing for recognition with the People’s

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Táiwan – Zhōnghuá Mínguó[58] Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan, nearby islands, and part of the Spratly Islands[12] and has not renounced claims over the territory of the PRC and Mongolia.[59] The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People’s Republic of China.[20] The Republic of China participates in a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei. Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester) • Russian: Приднестровье: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика Pridnestrovye – Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika • Ukrainian: Придністров’я: Придністровська De facto independent state, recognized only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[60]

List of sovereign states
Молдавська Республіка Pridnistrov’ya – ridnistrovs’ka Moldavs’ka Respublika • Moldovan: Нистря: Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ Nistria – Republica Moldovenească Nistreană Western Sahara – Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic • Arabic: ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? Al-Jumhūrīya al`Arabīya asSahrāwīya adDīmuqrātīya De facto independent state recognized by 46 other states. It is a member of the African Union and the AsianAfrican Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 AsianAfrican Conference. The territories under its control, the socalled Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of the Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Algeria.

Criteria for inclusion
This list derives its definition of a state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention of 1933. According to the Convention, a state

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. In respect of the last qualification, the role of recognition by other states can often be crucial since it implies acceptance into the international community.[61] The list includes all states which are often regarded as satisfying these criteria and claim to be sovereign and independent. However, in many cases, whether an entity satisfies the Montevideo Convention criteria is disputed. It is also important to note that there is a divergence of opinion in international law on whether the Montevideo Convnetion criteria alone are sufficient qualities of statehood. Links to different theories on this question are provided below. On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 203 entities: • 193 sovereign states with general international recognition: • 192 member states of the United Nations • One state with general international recognition, governed by the Holy See (a UN permanent observer): Vatican City • 10 sovereign states lacking general international recognition, none of which are members of the United Nations: • One state with diplomatic relations with 93 states and informal relations with 25 others, governed by the Palestinian National Authority (a UN permanent observer): the Palestinian territories • One state, recognized by 58 United Nations member states and by Taiwan, informal relations with six others: Kosovo • One state, recognized by 46 other states, a member of the African Union, in partial control of the Western Sahara (listed by the United Nations as a non self-governing territory): the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic • One state, competing for recognition with another state, currently recognised as the state representing China by 23 UN members, but no longer recognised by the United Nations as of 25 October 1971: the Republic of China

List of sovereign states
• Two states, recognized by two UN member states, by Transnistria and by the other of the two: Abkhazia and South Ossetia • One state, recognized by one UN member state and having informal relations with 19 more: the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus • One state, recognized by Abkhazia and South Ossetia: Transnistria • Two states not recognized by any other state: Nagorno-Karabakh and Somaliland Entities considered to be micronations that are not internationally recognized are not included. Unlisted above are the following noteworthy entities that do not satisfy all the qualifications in the Montevideo Convention: • Antarctica as a whole has no government and no permanent population. Seven countries claim parts of Antarctica and five of these have reciprocally recognized one another’s claims.[62] These claims, which are regulated by the Antarctic Treaty, are not recognised by any other country.[63]

The European Union, a sui generis supranational organization which currently has 27 member states. The member states have transferred a measure of their legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, and as such the EU has some characteristics of a sovereign state, without generally being considered a sovereign state. The European Union does not claim to be a sovereign state and has only limited capacity for relations with other states. • The subnational entities called States, in the United States, Australia, and other countries, for which see State. Most such subnational entities do not form relations with foreign states, but there have been exceptions; the member states of the German Empire had consulates abroad, and the Ukraine and Belorussia (now Belarus), then a part of the Soviet Union, were founding members of the United Nations. • • The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a UN observer member and is recognized by 102 states, but has no territory other than extraterritorial areas

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
within Rome. It claims to be a traditional example of a sovereign entity other than a sovereign state.[64]

List of sovereign states
these entities. When other sources are used, these sources are mentioned. See for a gallery of flags Gallery of sovereignstate flags. [2] Information is included on [1] the extent of recognition and membership of the United Nations (Source: the website of the UN). [2] the reason a non-de jure state is listed. More information can be found at the list of unrecognized countries. [3] the overseas dependencies. Some sovereign states have overseas dependencies, generally not part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the List of dependent countries. [4] the federal structures if applicable. Some sovereign states have more or less federal structures. More information can be found at a List of federations. [5] the autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state. Some sovereign states have one or more autonomous areas as part of the their territory; see List of autonomous areas by country. [6] disputed territories [7] separatist governments in exile. [3] ^ More information on separatism can be found at the List of active autonomist and secessionist movements and the main articles. [4] ^ The Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states, see Sovereignty of the Realms. [5] ^ For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country. [6] Argentina is also named Argentine Nation for purposes of legislation. [7] ^ More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations. [8] ^ More information on territorial disputes can be found at the List of territorial disputes and the main articles. [9] ^ The member countries of the European Union transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU

See also
• Constitutive theory of statehood • Declarative theory of statehood • Gallery of sovereign state flags

References
• List of TerritoriesPDF (84.7 KiB) (2004). United Nations Cartographic Section. Retrieved 17 January 2006. • Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations (2006). United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 18 October 2006. • Countries and currencies (2006). European Commission. Retrieved 27 October 2006. • The World Factbook (2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006. • ISO 3166 country code list (2006) ISO 3166-1 Retrieved 18 October 2006 • How many countries are there in the world? an article by David Madore on this unanswerable question • Average Latitude & Longitude of Countries • World List of ISO Countries and States

Footnotes
[1] The names of the items in the list are given in English and include both an English version of the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan) and an English version of the (longer) official names (e.g. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan), as well as the same names in the (de jure or de facto) official languages on national level of the entity. Main source for the names in the official languages are the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CIA World Fact Book (both retrieved 14 August 2007). If needed, they have been transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as Cyrillic or Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the Romanization preferred by the country has been used.The sources for both flag and names, official languages and Romanizations are the main articles on

18

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[10] Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975. [11] See form more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina Dayton Agreement and the text of the The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. [12] ^ The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes). [13] Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984. [14] The Burmese short name in Burmese writing system is not available in Wikipedia. [15] The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion. [16] ^ The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as China, while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as Taiwan. The ROC is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. [17] The People’s Republic of China is currently not recognized by 23 UN member states and the Holy See which recognise the Republic of China, see PRC’s diplomatic relations, Foreign relations of the PRC. [18] Government of Hong Kong [19] Government of Macau [20] ^ In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost control of mainland China to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and relocated to the island of Taiwan. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the ROC lost the China seat at the United Nations to the PRC: most states recognize or acknowledge the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN reckons the former as Taiwan, Province of China. The ROC is currently recognized by the Holy See and

List of sovereign states
23 UN member states as the government of China and has de facto relations with most others. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence. [21] ^ The Chinese sovereignty over the Paracel Islands is disputed by Vietnam and the Republic of China (see List of territorial disputes). [22] ^ The sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed by India and Pakistan, smaller parts are disputed by the People’s Republic of China (and the Republic of China). De facto Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and China. See the List of territorial disputes. [23] Abbreviated as DRC, and also known as Congo-Kinshasa; also formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997. [24] Cyprus is recognized by the Holy See and all UN member states except Turkey, see Foreign relations of Cyprus [25] A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic [26] The government of East Timor uses Timor-Leste as English translation. [27] Hindustani uses both the Hindi and Urdu script [28] Source for the romanization is Geonames. [29] Åland It was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland’s admission to the European Union in 1995. [30] See List of active autonomist and secessionist movements. [31] Source: Iraqi constitution [32] Ireland is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish Ireland from island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious. [33] Israel is currently non-recognized by 34 countries, see Foreign relations of Israel.

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[34] Israel and the Palestinians: Key terms, BBC Newswatch, accessed, 8 April 2009. [35] Dore Gold, JCPA Legal Acrobatics: The Palestinian Claim that Gaza is Still "Occupied" Even After Israel Withdraws, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 3, August 26, 2005. [36] International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel’s Right to Self-Defense, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Vol. 7, No. 29 28 January 2008. [37] Israeli MFA Address by Israeli Foreign Minister Livni to the 8th Herzliya Conference, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel), January 22, 2008. [38] Panelists Disagree Over Gaza’s Occupation Status, University of Virginia School of Law, November 17, 2005. [39] "Israel: ’Disengagement’ Will Not End Gaza Occupation" Human Rights Watch. October 29, 2004 [40] "Human Rights Council Special Session on the Occupied Palestinian Territories" July 6, 2006" [41] Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs office on Occupied Palestinian Territory web site. [42] Summary of the Advisory Opinion: Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, International Court of Justice, July 9, 2004. [43] Richard Falk, Statement by Prof. Richard Falk, United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, United Nations Human Rights Council, December 27, 2008. [44] The translation of Nihon-koku was found at the Afrikaans Wikipedia. [45] Though the sovereignty of the Republic of Macedonia is not disputed, Greece disputes its name. Therefore, the republic is referred to by the UN and a number of countries and international organizations as "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia". [46] Some argue that Albanian is the second official language, others argue that Albanian is not used as a second official language. See for more information Talk:Republic of Macedonia. See also Macedonian language naming dispute. [47] Moldovan is often considered to be the same language as Romanian, see Moldovan language.

List of sovereign states
[48] E.g. the Federal Republic of Germany has diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands, Source: German foreign ministry, retrieved 14 August 2007. For more information: Foreign relations of the Cook Islands [49] Tokelau remains a dependent territory after referendums. Source: New Zealand Herald, retrieved 8 August 2008 [50] The continent of Antarctica, including its outlying islands south of 60°S, are held in abeyance under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty. All claims are suspended. Claiming countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom. There is also an informal Brazilian claim. [51] Whether or not the Russian Federation is a genuine federation is a matter of dispute. See: Russian Federation section. [52] ^ "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com. 2008-08-26. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/ europe/08/26/russia.vote.georgia/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-26. [53] See Regions and territories: NagornoKarabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006. [54] See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006. [55] Source for observership: UN Website. [56] See for more information Proposals for a Palestinian state. [57] See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006. [58] Romanization in Pinyin. [59] "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview". Taipei Times. 2008-10-08. http://www.taipeitimes.com/ News/taiwan/archives/2008/10/08/ 2003425320. [60] ’See Regions and territories: TransDniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006. [61] "State", pp. 512–3 in Penguin Dictionary of International Relations. Evans, Graham & Newnham, Jeffrey. 1998. (ISBN 0-14-051397-3). London: Penguin Books Ltd. [62] Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0754644197 "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other’s claims."

List of sovereign states
[63] CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008 [64] Bilateral relations with countries, Order of Malta, Retrieved 2009-01-27

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