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Comcast Corporation

Type Founded Founder(s)

Public (NASDAQ: CMCSA and NASDAQ: CMCSK) Tupelo, Mississippi, USA (1963) Ralph J. Roberts Daniel Aaron Julian A. Brodsky Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA USA Brian L. Roberts
(Chairman) & (CEO)

Headquarters Area served Key people Industry Products

1969, under the name Comcast Corporation from American Cable Systems. The current name "Comcast" is an amalgamation of the words "Communication" and "Broadcast". Comcast became majority owner of Comcast Spectacor, Comcast SportsNet (in Chicago, Comcast Television (in Michigan), Philadelphia, Washington DC/Baltimore, MD, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Pacific Northwest and metro Sacramento), E! Entertainment Television, Style Network, G4, The Golf Channel and Versus (formerly known as Outdoor Life Network) over a period of years. In 2006, Comcast started a new sports channel in cooperation with Major League Baseball’s New York Mets, SportsNet New York in the greater New York City region.

Telecommunications Cable Television, Broadband Internet, Comcast Digital Voice, Home Networking ▲ US$ 30.895 Billion (2007) ▲ US$ 5.578 Billion (2007) ▲ US$ 2.587 Billion (2007) ▲ US$ 113.417 Billion (2007) ▲ US$ 41.340 Billion (2007) 100,000 (2008)

Comcast logo in the 1990s, featuring thenslogan "Everything You Connect With" Comcast also has a variety network known as Comcast Network, available exclusively to Comcast and Cablevision subscribers. The channel shows news, sports, and entertainment and places emphasis in Philadelphia and the Baltimore/Washington, D.C. areas, though the channel is also available in New York, Pittsburgh, and Richmond. In August 2004, Comcast started a channel called CET (Comcast Entertainment Television). It is only available to Colorado Comcast subscribers. It focuses on Life in Colorado. It also carries some NHL & NBA Games when Altitude Sports & Entertainment is carrying the NBA or NHL. In January 2006, CET became the primary channel for Colorado’s Emergency Alert System in the Denver Metro Area. The UK division was sold to NTL in 1998. After the sale of their cellular division to SBC Communications of San Antonio and the acquisition of Greater Philadelphia Cablevision in 1999, Comcast and MediaOne announced a $60 billion merger which did not occur until three years later (as AT&T Broadband).

Revenue Operating income Net income Total assets Total equity Employees Website

Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA and NASDAQ: CMCSK) is a company founded in 1963 that provides cable television, Internet service and residential telephone service in the United States.[1][2][3][4]

Comcast was founded in 1963 by Ralph J. Roberts, Daniel Aaron, and Julian A. Brodsky based on a recommendation from Warren "Pete" Musser, of Harrisburg, who brought the deal to Ralph Roberts to buy his first cable system in Tupelo, Mississippi. The company was incorporated in Pennsylvania in


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In 2002, Comcast paid the University of Maryland $25 million for naming rights to the new basketball arena built on the College Park campus, named Comcast Center. On January 3, 2005, Comcast announced that it would become the anchor tenant in a new skyscraper in downtown Philadelphia, to be named the Comcast Center, not to be confused with the Maryland arena mentioned above. The 975 ft (297 m) skyscraper is officially the tallest building in Pennsylvania. In December 2005, Comcast announced the creation of Comcast Interactive Media (CIM), a new division focused on online media. Presently, Comcast serves a total of 24.6 million cable customers, 16.3 million digital cable customers, 14.4 million high-speed Internet customers, and 5.6 million voice customers. The company employs over 100,000 people. Comcast is headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and also has corporate offices in Houston, Detroit, Denver,and Manchester, NH.[5] Comcast announced in May 2007[6] and launched in September 2008 a dashboard called SmartZone.[7] Customers can use the service most likely sometime that year according to the Daily Herald near Chicago, quoting a Comcast spokesperson.[7] HP or Hewlett-Packard led "design, creation and management". Collaboration and unified messaging technology came from open-source vendor Zimbra, according to IDG News Service, who spoke with a Comcast spokesperson the previous year.[6] "SmartZone users will be able to send and receive e-mail, listen to their voicemail messages online and forward that information via e-mail to others, send instant messages and video instant messages and merge their contacts into one address book", according to IDG.[6] IDG also noted Cloudmark spam and phishing protection and Trend Micro antivirus.[6] The address book is Comcast Plaxo software.[6] Comcast announced for the end of 2008 a new network congestion management technique, after receiving no complaints over the summer in five market trials which were held in Warrenton, Virginia; Chambersburg, Pennsylvania; Colorado Springs, Colorado; Lake View, Florida; and East Orange, Florida.[8] As of October 30, 2008; Comcast has signed a product development and distribution agreement with ABC Radio that will

bring branded content from E! Entertainment, Style Network and G4 to terrestrial radio affiliates. [9]

Further information: List of assets owned by Comcast Comcast bought 25% of Group W Cable in 1986, doubling its size. Two years later, it purchased a 50% share in Storer Communications, Inc. Comcast acquired American Cellular Network Corporation the same year before combining with Metrophone in 1990. Comcast became the third largest cable operator in 1994 following its purchase of Maclean-Hunter’s American division. Comcast owned the majority of the electronic retailer QVC from 1995-2004 when its share was sold to Liberty Media. Following other acquisitions, Microsoft invested $1 billion in Comcast in 1997. In 2001, Comcast announced it would acquire the assets of the largest cable television operator at the time, AT&T Broadband (AT&T’s spun-off cable TV service) for $44.5 billion USD. In 2002, Comcast acquired all assets of AT&T Broadband, thus making Comcast the largest cable television company in the United States with over 22 million subscribers. This also spurred the start of Comcast Advertising Sales (using AT&T’s groundwork) which would later be renamed Comcast Spotlight. As part of this acquisition, Comcast also acquired the National Digital Television Center in Centennial, CO as a wholly-owned subsidiary, which is today known as the Comcast Media Center.

Proposed merger name logo, 2001 When it was first announced that AT&T Broadband and Comcast were going to merge, the chosen name for the new company was "AT&T Comcast". That decision was changed so as to not confuse current and future investors in the company, and the merged company retained the Comcast name. On February 11, 2004, Comcast surprised the media industry by announcing an unsolicited $66 billion bid for The Walt Disney Company, a deal that would have made


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Comcast the largest media conglomerate in the world. After rejection by Disney and uncertain response from investors, the bid was abandoned in April. The deal would have also required Comcast to sell off either the Philadelphia Flyers (which they own through Comcast Spectacor) or the Disney-owned Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, since they wouldn’t be permitted to own two NHL teams. It was later discovered that the deal was mostly for Comcast to acquire one of Disney’s most profitable operations, ESPN, in an attempt to expand its sports reach. Comcast has since opted to rename OLN as Versus and expand their sports coverage with the Tour de France and the NHL. Comcast’s NHL deal also obligated them to launch a U.S. version of NHL Network by the summer of 2007. The network finally launched in October 2007. Disney later sold the now-Anaheim Ducks to Henry Samueli in 2005 in an unrelated transaction. Comcast announced on March 25, 2004 that its new gaming-oriented television network G4 (operated by subsidiary G4 Media, Inc.) would acquire Vulcan Venture’s technology-oriented television network TechTV. The deal was finalized on May 10, 2004 - and the two networks became G4techTV on May 28, 2004. On January 11, 2005, Comcast announced that it would drop TechTV from the station’s name and again be known as "G4". On April 8, 2005, a partnership led by Comcast and Sony Pictures Entertainment finalized a deal to acquire MGM and its affiliate studio, United Artists, and create an additional outlet to carry MGM/UA’s material for cable and Internet distribution. On October 31, 2005, Comcast officially announced that it had acquired Susquehanna Communications (SusCom,) a York, PA-based cable television and broadband services provider and unit of the former Susquehanna Pfaltzgraff company, for a net cash investment of approximately $540 million. In this deal Comcast acquired approximately 230,000 basic cable customers, 71,000 digital cable customers, and 86,000 high-speed Internet customers. Comcast previously owned approximately 30 percent of Susquehanna Communications. On April 3, 2007, Comcast announced it had entered into an agreement to acquire the cable systems owned and operated by Patriot Media, a privately-held company owned by

cable veteran Steven J. Simmons, Spectrum Equity Investors and Spire Capital, that serves approximately 81,000 video subscribers. Comcast will acquire Patriot for a net cash investment of approximately $483 million.[10] By acquiring the niche provider the deal will plug a hole in its central New Jersey service.[11]

Adelphia purchase
In April 2005, Comcast and Time Warner announced plans to buy Adelphia Cable. $17.6 billion was to be paid (partly in stock) in the deal that was finalized in the second quarter of 2006 — after the FCC completed a sevenmonth investigation without raising an objection. Time Warner would become the second largest cable provider in the U.S., ranking behind Comcast. As part of the same deal, Time Warner and Comcast would also trade existing subscribers to create larger clusters of customers for each company in various geographical areas. The changes became effective on August 1, 2006. As an example, Comcast’s systems in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex were traded to TWC in exchange for Time Warner’s North Louisiana market, which covers Shreveport and Monroe. Also, Comcast in Los Angeles Area was traded with TWC. Parts of the Orange County area (Fullerton, Buena Park, etc.) that were Adelphia were originally Comcast subscribers until the early 2000s. Also in August 2006, Comcast and Time Warner dissolved a partnership that controlled the systems in the Houston, Southwest Texas, San Antonio, and Kansas City markets. After the dissolution, Comcast obtained the Houston system, and Time Warner retained the others.[12] On January 1, 2007, Comcast officially took control of the Houston system, but continued to operate under the Time Warner Cable brand in the interim. As of June 19, 2007, the Time Warner name was officially retired and replaced by Comcast. Comcast also took over Adelphia systems in the State College, Pennsylvania area in addition to the Lewistown, Pennsylvania area. In early 2007, Comcast took over Adelphia operations in Palm Beach, Broward and Miami-Dade Counties in Florida and Bartow, Pickens, Cherokee, and Forsyth Counties in Georgia.[13]


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On August 28, 2008, Comcast confirmed the rumors of a controversial 250GB per month cap on downloads, set to go into effect on October 1, 2008. [20] As such, Comcast has changed their Network Management page to reflect the new policy. On September 4, 2008 Comcast sued the FCC over the findings. [21] The cap combines both upload and download for the total limit. If a user exceeds the cap, on a first offense, a warning email and/ or phone call will be issued with information on how to track bandwidth usage by suggesting software monitoring programs. On the second offense, the user will have their services terminated for one year. The monitoring window is from the first day of the month to the last day of the month. [22]

thePlatform purchase
In July 2006, Comcast purchased the Seattlebased software company thePlatform. This represented an entry into a new line of business - selling software to allow companies to manage their Internet (and IP-based) media publishing efforts. Customers of thePlatform include Verizon Wireless, BBC Worldwide, PBS, CNBC, CBS College Sports, and HiT Entertainment .[14] thePlatform also provides media access for Hulu and

Plaxo purchase
Comcast purchased Plaxo for a reported $150 million to $170 million price.[15]

High-speed Internet service
Comcast offers downstream speeds of up to 1, 6, 8, 12, 16, 22 or 50 Mbit/s and upstream speeds of .384, 1, 2, 5 or 10 Mbit/s for standard home connections. These differing speed options are made possible by loading a particular configuration file into the modem or banding channels together through DOCSIS 3.0. Comcast’s "PowerBoost" delivers bursts for all but their highest-end and lowest-end tiers, allowing subscribers to use all excess cable node capacity to speed up the first few seconds of downloads. According to the Comcast High Speed Internet terms of service, customers are provided with dynamic IP addresses.[16] Comcast has a policy of terminating broadband customers who use "excessive bandwidth," a term the company refused to define in its terms of service, which once said only that a customer’s use should not "represent (in the sole judgment of Comcast) an overly large burden on the network."[16] Company responses to press inquiries suggest a limit of several hundred gigabytes per month.[17][18] In September 2007, Comcast spokesman Charlie Douglas said the company defines "excessive use" as the equivalent of 30,000 songs, 250,000 pictures or 13 million emails in a month.[19] Other company statements have said the limit varied from month to month, depending on the capacity of specific cable nodes, and that it affected only the top 1/10th of the top 1 percent of high-speed Internet customers.

Board members
Five of its eleven board members serve on boards of other companies and institutions. Kenneth J. Bacon sits on the board of Stanford University. J. Michael Cook is also a director at Northrop Grumman and Dow Chemical. Michael Armstrong sits on the board of directors for Citigroup Bank. Dr. Judith Rodin serves the interests of the University of Pennsylvania, Electronic Data Systems, Aetna and The Brookings Institute.

After the Montreal Expos baseball team relocated to Washington, D.C. to become the Washington Nationals in 2004, Comcast alienated many fans in the area by refusing to add the Mid-Atlantic Sports Network (MASN), which airs the team’s games, to its channel lineup. In July 2006, as a condition of its approval of Comcast’s takeover of a portion of Adelphia’s assets, the FCC ordered Comcast to enter into binding arbitration with MASN to settle their dispute. As a result, on August 4, 2006, it was announced that Comcast would carry MASN programming starting in September 2006.[23] In the Philadelphia region, Comcast uses the FCC’s "terrestrial loophole" to avoid negotiations with satellite television services for delivery of Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia, which is transmitted via a microwave broadcasting system instead of


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satellite (as its predecessor, PRISM, was a local-only service). This essentially denies competition in the Philadelphia market for games of the Philadelphia Phillies (baseball), Philadelphia 76ers (basketball), and Philadelphia Flyers (hockey). Comcast does, however, supply Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia programming to Verizon for their competing FiOS video service, even though FiOS is not available to residents of the city of Philadelphia. A smaller controversy arose when Comcast and Cox Communications announced that their systems in Connecticut (outside of Comcast’s systems in New Haven, Danbury, and the Northwest Corner — all areas considered to have a sizable number of Mets fans) would not be adding SNY in 2006, if ever, for varying reasons not fully explained. This came to the anger of Mets fans who would need to switch to satellite to watch games due to all of the state being in the Mets’ designated territory (thus, games would not be available through MLB Extra Innings, and most ESPN telecasts would be blacked-out). Comcast’s purchase of Adelphia’s systems in the state and Cox’s skeptical eye towards RSN carriage in regards to fan loyalties (also done with YES and NESN in the past) also could be factors. In March 2008, Comcast systems in Plainville and Hartford added SNY to the expanded basic lineup. Comcast does not offer SportSouth as part of its programming package in the Middle Tennessee area which has affected thousands of Atlanta Braves and college sports fans. Braves fans in the Nashville area are basically left in the dark due to Comcast’s refusal to add the popular sports channel. However, the channel is offered as part of its programming package in the Knoxville, Memphis and Chattanooga area. Comcast does not carry WGN-TV (which broadcasts Chicago Cubs and Chicago White Sox games nationally) in Miami-Dade County.

NFL Network and Comcast, with the ruling in favor of Comcast but the NFL Network plans to appeal the ruling[25]. Comcast has sent NFL Network a cease-and-desist letter to stop encouraging subscribers to leave Comcast.[26] Comcast’s agreement with the NFL Network ends in mid-2009.[27] In February 26, 2008 an appellate court in New York has reversed field on a judgment made in May 2007 that allowed Comcast to move the network from its second most distributed tier to the company’s sports tier. At the time a court date has not been set. Four judges at New York’s Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, ruled the language "concerning additional programming package was ambiguous and that neither party has established that its interpretation of the relevant contracts is a matter of law."[28] NFL Network later filed a discrimination case against Comcast with the FCC, claiming that since Comcast doesn’t charge extra for its owned and operated sports channels Versus and The Golf Channel, its unfair to charge extra for NFL Network. On October 10, 2008, the FCC ruled as follows: "In the Second Report and Order, the Commission emphasized that the statute “does not explicitly prohibit multichannel distributors from acquiring a financial interest or exclusive rights that are otherwise permissible,” and thus, that “multichannel distributors [may] negotiate for, but not insist upon such benefits in exchange for carriage on their systems.” The Commission stated, however, that “ultimatums, intimidation, conduct that amounts to exertion of pressure beyond good faith negotiations, or behavior that is tantamount to an unreasonable refusal to deal with a vendor who refuses to grant financial interests or exclusivity rights for carriage, should be considered examples of behavior that violates the prohibitions set forth in Section 616.”We find that the NFL has presented sufficient evidence to make a prima facie showing that Comcast indirectly and improperly demanded a financial interest in the NFL’s programming in exchange for carriage. We further find that the pleadings and documentation present several factual disputes as to whether Comcast’s retiring of the NFL Network is the result of Comcast’s failure to obtain a financial interest in the NFL’s programming. Accordingly, we direct an Administrative Law Judge to hold a hearing, issue a recommended decision on the

NFL Network
On November 10, 2006 Comcast announced it would add NFL Network on digital tiers in time for the eight-game Thursday- and Saturday-night package.[24] On August 6, 2007 Comcast moved NFL Network from the digital tiers to the Sports Entertainment Package. This led to a court battle between


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facts underlying the financial interest claim and a recommended remedy, if necessary, and then return the matter to the Commission within 60 days."[29][30]

throughout carriers across the world. On January 3, 2005, TechTV International began airing select programs from G4techTV. On February 15, 2005, the TechTV brand was dropped from the United States G4techTV feed, leaving the network name as G4 - Video Game Television; since then, G4 has gone through a rebranding into a male oriented network. For the time being, the Canadian feed has retained the G4techTV name due to a majority ownership and Canadian content regulations.

FCC Program Access Complaint
Comcast’s trial about the NFL Network’s Program Access Complaint with the FCC, filed in May 2008, before an administrative law judge began on April 14, 2009. At issue is whether Comcast’s placement of the NFL Network on a digital sports tier ("Sports Entertainment Package") represents discrimination prevented by the 1992 Cable Act.[31] On April 17, 2009, Comcast chairman and CEO Brian Roberts testified that Comcast is willing to move the channel from the Sports Entertainment Package to a lower priced base package if the subscriber fee was reduced to 25 cents per month. NFL Network currently charges a 75 cents per month fee. He claimed that overall, Comcast saves $50 million a year in license fees by leaving the channel on its Sports Package, which in turn leads to savings for its customers.[32]

Reputation for poor customer satisfaction
There have been many reported incidents with individual customers describing less than satisfying interactions with Comcast’s customer services. These include situations with technicians falling asleep on the job,[34] customers having to spend hours on the phone to fix simple problems, and sending a bill addressed to "Bitch Dog" to a customer who had recently complained about her service.[35] On October 15, 2007, a 75-year old Comcast customer named Mona Shaw entered her local Comcast offices with a hammer and destroyed some office equipment before being arrested and fined for damages. Mrs. Shaw was angry and frustrated due to a previous encounter with Comcast customer service in which she and her husband wanted to speak with the manager and were forced to wait outside the offices for two hours before being informed that the manager had already gone home.[36][37] Comcast’s customer service quality has prompted several individuals to create blogs and websites dedicated to informing the public of Comcast’s service, including one run by media columnist Bob Garfield.[38] In 2004 and 2007, the American Customer Satisfaction Index survey found that Comcast had the worst customer satisfaction rating of any company or government agency in the country, including the Internal Revenue Service.[39] Comcast’s Customer Service Rating by the ACSI surveys indicate that the company’s customer service has not improved since the surveys began in 2001. Analysis of the surveys states that "Comcast is one of the lowest scoring companies in ACSI. As its customer satisfaction eroded by 7% over the past year, revenue increased by 12%." The ACSI analysis also addresses this

Comcast is one of the nation’s only television providers that does not carry ESPN’s college sports channel ESPNU. However, carriage deal negotiations are ongoing. Finalization of the deal could mean it would be available in 7 million to 14 million of its customers’ homes. ESPN is using its recent long term contract extension agreement with the Southeastern Conference as an incentive.[33]

TechTV acquisition
On March 25, 2004, Comcast’s G4 gaming channel announced a merger with TechTV. This move became hugely controversial among loyal fans of TechTV and Leo Laporte, who, because of a contract dispute with Vulcan, left the channel. Around May 6, G4 announced the termination of 250 employees from the San Francisco office by July 10, 2004, allowing approximately 80 to 100 employees to transition to G4’s main office in Los Angeles, California if they agreed to relocate there.[4] On May 10, 2004, G4 Media completed the acquisition of TechTV from Vulcan. G4techTV was launched in the U.S. and Canada on May 28, 2004. This led to the cancellation of many of the TechTV channels


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contradiction, stating that "Such pricing power usually comes with some level of monopoly protection and most cable companies have little competition at the local level. This also means that a cable company can do well financially even though its customers are not particularly satisfied."[40][41] Within the Cable Television needs assessment report for the city of Fort Collins, CO February 10, 2004[42] which was required for Comcast’s franchise renewal the city’s independent consultant found: "Approximately 62% of the respondents, though, were very dissatisfied (along with another 25% who were dissatisfied) with the cost of cable television service." "A majority of the respondents were satisfied with the friendliness and courtesy of customer service personnel. Overall, approximately 43% of the respondents rated the cable company’s performance as fair, 30% regarded it as poor and another 30% rated the cable company’s performance as good." While Comcast does operate some of its own Customer Service Call centers it also outsources Customer Service and some technical support to Convergys Inc a third party call center company. On October 1, 2008, J.D. Power and Associates published its annual customer satisfaction survey for the nation’s top 10 largest cable and satellite television providers. Comcast scored in the bottom 5 for each region of the United States, including 10th in the East Region. [43]

returning her rented DVR, Cable Modem, and other equipment. Comcast responses differed after the storm, some Customer Care agents told customers to file with their insurance, some agents told them to return their equipment even if it is ruined or moldy. While the majority of insurance companies will not reimburse for rented equipment, many customers are frustrated with large bills that they can not afford, or even care about after losing everything. [45]

Network neutrality
As early as late 2006, Comcast has implemented measures using Sandvine hardware which sends forged TCP RST (reset) packets, disrupting multiple protocols used by peer-topeer file sharing networks.[46] This has prevented most Comcast users from uploading files.[47] On August 17, 2007, TorrentFreak reported that Comcast has been preventing BitTorrent users from seeding files.[47] In October 2007, the Associated Press confirmed the story that indicates that Comcast "actively interferes with attempts by some of its highspeed Internet subscribers to share files online, a move that runs counter to the tradition of treating all types of Net traffic equally."[48] In November 2007, Comcast’s severe limiting of torrent applications was again confirmed by a study conducted by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, in which public domain literature is distributed over peer-to-peer networks. Analysis of the EFF study finds "strong evidence that Comcast is using packet-forging to disrupt peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing on their network".[49] The studies show that Comcast effectively prevents distribution of files over peer-to-peer networks by sending a RST packet under the guise of the end user, and denying the connection, which effectively blocks the user from seeding over BitTorrent. Legal controversy arises because instead of simple filtering, Comcast is sending RST packets to Comcast customers, pretending to be the host user at the other end of the BitTorrent connection.[50] Comcast’s BitTorrent throttling was revealed to be through a partnership with Sandvine, although Comcast’s internal memos instruct employees to respond to the contrary.[51][52] There is also evidence of Comcast using RST packets on groupware applications that have nothing to do with file sharing. Kevin

HD Channel delays
In the summer of 2008, Comcast announced it would launch HD versions of the three channels it owns: E! Entertainment Television, The Style Network and G4 [44]. However, the HD versions were not launched on the date promised. These channels are currently now available in some Comcast markets such as Boston, MA.

Customer service after Hurricane Ike
Shortly after Hurricane Ike hit the Houston, Texas area customers received bills and later collection notices for unreturned equipment that was destroyed during the storm. One customer reported a $931 bill which included a $66 credit for interrupted phone service, but also included $1000 charge for not


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Kanarski, who works as a Lotus Notes messaging engineer, noticed some strange behavior with Lotus Notes dropping emails when hooked up to a Comcast connection and has managed to verify that Comcast’s reset packets are the culprit.[53] A lawsuit, Hart v. Comcast, has been filed accusing Comcast of false advertising and other unfair trade practices for allegedly advertising unlimited highspeed Internet access while in reality working to restrict their customers’ usage of the Internet.[54] In 2007, Comcast customers reported a sporadic inability to use Google, because forged RST packets are interfering with HTTP access to,[55] which has further angered users.[56] In January 2008, FCC Chairman Kevin Martin stated that the FCC is going to investigate complaints that Comcast "actively interferes with Internet traffic as its subscribers try to share files online".[57] During a February 2008 FCC hearing in Boston, Comcast admitted they paid people to hold seats. The company claimed it was so staffers could attend later, but opponents claimed it was to keep Comcast opponents from attending.[58] The FCC has stated it expects to rule on the issue by June 30, 2008.[59] Comcast and BitTorrent Inc. agreed in late March 2008 to work together in a collaborative effort that will leave the network provider to reconfigure its network to manage traffic in a more protocol-agnostic way.[60] Implementation was projected for late 2008. Prior to implementation of Comcast’s apparent agreements with BitTorrent, Inc., Comcast is reported to be continuing to limit bandwidth available to peer to peer applications. In April 2008, Comcast proposed a "P2P Bill of Rights and Responsibilities" to address potential copyright infringement by users of peer to peer applications,[61] but some scholars argue that this is a veiled attempt by Comcast to strengthen its traffic management capability rather than fight copyright infringement.[62] On August 21, 2008 the FCC issued an order which stated that Comcast’s network management was unreasonable and that Comcast must terminate the use of its discriminatory network management by the end of the year. (File no: EB-08-IH-1518). On January 18, 2009, after reconfiguring their traffic management regime, Comcast was

asked by the FCC to address their alleged throttling of VoIP customers.[63]

Lobbying efforts
Analysis indicates that Comcast spends millions of dollars annually on government relationships.[64][65] Regularly Comcast employs the spouses, sons and daughters of influential mayors, councilmen, commissioners, and other officials to assure its continued preferred market allocations.[66][67][68][69] Comcast occasionally lobbies against "À la carte" bills that would give consumers the option to purchase individual channels rather than a broad tier of programming. Although they claim the reason for this is to keep customer costs lower,[70] these issues continue to garner attention from state governments, the United States Congress and former Federal Communications Commission Chairman Martin.[71]

HDTV claim and quality
Comcast has started transmitting three HD channels per Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) carrier, rather than two per QAM like some other video service providers. Though more cost effective and many consumers don’t notice the difference, this additional compression has been noticed and measured by videophiles as a reduction in the quality of broadcasts.[72] Comcast claims to have more HD choices than DIRECTV by including Comcast’s On Demand and Pay-perview assets. Each HD On Demand program is counted as an HD "choice" by Comcast. [73]

[1] "Top 25 MSOs - As of March 2007". National Cable & Telecommunications Association. ContentView.aspx?contentId=73. [2] "Market Research - Top 23 U.S. ISPs by Subscriber: Q3 2007". ISP Planet. rankings/usa.html. [3] "Bill Bars Traffic Discrimination". The New York Times. 2008-02-13. technology/AP-Data-discriminationBill.html?_r=1&ref=technology&oref=slogin. Retrieved on 2008-02-13. "She cited the agency’s investigation of Philadelphia-


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based Comcast, the country’s second[18] The New York Times, Say Good Night, largest Internet provider." Bandwidth Hog (Requires free [4] Olga Kharif (February 21, 2008). "Say registration) Hello To Unlimited Minutes". [19] "Comcast Clarifies High Speed Extreme BusinessWeek. Use Policy, September 14, 2007". technology/content/feb2008/ comcast-clarifies-high-speed-extremetc20080220_751279.htm?chan=rss_topDiscussed_ssi_5. use-policy/18014/. Retrieved on [5] 2007-12-01. about/pressroom/corporateoverview/ [20] Comcast 250GB Cap Goes Live October 1 corporateoverview.html Comcast [21] Comcast sues FCC over network Corporate Overview, as of the Quarterly management finding Report ending September 30, 2007 [22] Frequently Asked Questions [6] ^ Martens, China (May 7, 2007). about Excessive Use "Zimbra Helps Comcast with [23] MASN, Comcast Reach Nationals Deal SmartZone". PC World (IDG News [24] Cox Adds NFL Network Game Package Service). Multichannel article/131598/ [25] NFL Network to Appeal Court Ruling for zimbra_helps_comcast_with_smartzone.html. Comcast Media Buyer Planner Retrieved on 2008-09-10. [26] Comcast sends NFL Network cease-and[7] ^ Kukec, Anna Marie. "Comcast readies desist note Media Buyer Planner its SmartZone service". Daily Herald via [27] Jones: Comcast’s NFL Network Deal Beep (Paddock Publications). Expires In 18 Months Multichannel [28] Reynolds, Mike (2008-02-26). "Court story.aspx?story=25592. Retrieved on Reverses Field On Comcast’s NFL 2008-09-11. Network Tier Play" (in English). [8] "Network Management Policy". Comcast Multichannel News. Interactive Media. CA6535634.html. Retrieved on update/. Retrieved on 2008-10-06. 2008-02-27. [9] ABC Radio Networks and Comcast [29] FCC: Programmers make case for Entertainment Group Announce Product discrimination Development and Distribution [30] FCC Order DA 08-2269 Agreement For E! Entertainment, The [31] Multichannel News April 13, 2009 NFL Style Network and G4 Network’s FCC Program-Access (retrieved Complaint Against Comcast Kicks Off November 8, 2008) Tuesday - ALJ Will Hear Network’s Case [10] Comcast Corporation To Acquire Patriot Against Operator; Other Huddles To Media Follow [11] Comcast to Buy Patriot Media [32] Multichannel News April 17, 2009 [12] Time Warner Cable, Time Warner Cable/ Updated: Comcast Would Move NFL Comcast Official Statement Network Off Tier If Service Drops Price: [13] Comcast adjusts to accommodate Roberts - Monthly License Fee Of 25 Adelphia deal - Philadelphia Business Cents Could Trigger Broader Journal: Distribution [14] "thePlatform Solutions". thePlatform. [33] ESPN pays $2.25 for SEC rights [34] New York Times, Your Call Is Important solutions/. Retrieved on 2008-08-01. to Us. Please Stay Awake. [15] [35] Washington Post, Demonizing the 8301-13953_3-9944352-80.html. Customer [16] ^ Comcast, Comcast High-Speed [36] Taking a Whack Against Comcast Internet Acceptable Use Policy (Washington Post) [17] The Boston Globe, Not so fast, [37] "Woman Hammers Comcast — Over and broadband providers tell big users (No Over". longer available) templates/story/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
story.php?storyId=15445805#email. Retrieved on 2007-10-05. [38] Multichannel, Media Columnist Launches [39] The American Customer Satisfaction Index, First Quarter, 2004 [40] American Customer Satisfaction Index, First Quarter, 2007 [41] American Customer Satisfaction Index, Scores By Company: Comcast Corporation [42] [43] J.D. Power Releases 2008 Residential Television Service Satisfaction Survey [44] [45] story?section=news/local&id=6460278 [46] DSLReports, Comcast is using Sandvine to manage P2P Connections [47] ^ TorrentFreak, Comcast Throttles BitTorrent Traffic, Seeding Impossible [48] The Associated Press, Comcast Blocks Some Internet Traffic [49] Ars Technica, EFF study confirms Comcast’s BitTorrent interference [50] CNET, Is Comcast’s BitTorrent filtering violating the law? [51] The Consumerist, LEAKS: Insider Tells Us There’s Proof Comcast Contracts BitTorrent Sabotaging To Sandvine [52] The Consumerist, Comcast’s "We Don’t Throttle BitTorrent" Internal Talking Points Memo [53] Ars Technica, Comcast traffic blocking: even more apps, groupware clients affected [54] Bangeman, Eric (2007-11-14). "Comcast hit with class-action lawsuit over traffic blocking" (in en). ars technica. 20071114-comcast-hit-with-class-actionlawsuit-over-traffic-blocking.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-24. [55] "Problems loading Google (DSL Reports Forums)" [56] Google Caught in Comcast Traffic Filtering?, Slashdot, retrieved 31 October 2007 [57] Associated Press FCC to Probe Comcast Data Discrimination [58] Comcast in pact over Net traffic, Boston Herald, Retrieved April 2, 2008 [59] FCC"s Martin Pleased Comcast "Reversed Course" On P2P, Multichannel News, Retrieved April 2, 2008

[60] Comcast and BitTorrent agree to ’collaborate’, Retrieved April 2, 2008 [61] Comcast Sets its Sights on Peer to Peer Apps, Retrieved April 18, 2008 [62] Comcast Proposes P2P Policy, Retrieved April 22, 2008 [63] fcc_letter_comcast_voip_traffic_management/ [64] The Center for Public Integrity, Comcast Corp. Political Influence [65] The City Paper, Cable group, Comcast spend more than $2 million fighting AT&T [66] Freepress, Prominent Ties Among Comcast Hires [67] The Washington Post, Prominent Ties Among Comcast Hires [68] The Washington Post, Md. Lawmakers Call for Probe of Comcast Ties [69], Federal Judge Certifies Antitrust Class Against Comcast [70] Bland Menu if Cable Goes à la Carte New York Times [71] The Center for Public Integrity, Comcast Corp. Profile [72] "Comcast’s Blurry High Definition Picture". New York Times. 31/comcasts-blurry-high-definitionpicture/. [73] "Comcast: 800 HDTV Channels?". Phillip Swann, TV Predictions. comcast800061207.htm.

External links
• Sales, Stock, and Employment • For Comcast High-Speed Internet customers • Yahoo! - Comcast Corporation Company Profile • Declan McCullough: The Biggest Spammer on the Net? Comcast? • Site for the cable networks Comcast controls • Engadget HD • "Comcast Press Room". 2007. phoenix.zhtml?c=147565&p=iroloverview. Retrieved on January 29, 2006. • "Verizon Signs Agreement With Comcast for Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia".


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
nym099.html?.v=59. Retrieved on December 11, 2006. • "Is Comcast’s BitTorrent filtering violating the law?".

8301-13739_1-9769645-46.html. Retrieved on September 5, 2007.

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