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					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems, Inc.

Type Founded Headquarters Key people Industry Revenue Operating income Net income Employees Website

Public (NASDAQ: CSCO) San Francisco, California, USA (1984) San Jose, CA John T. Chambers, Chairman and CEO Computer networking ▲$39.540 billion USD (2008) ▲ $9.442 billion USD (2008) ▲ $8.052 billion USD (2008) 66,050 (2008) http://www.cisco.com

One of the many buildings on the Cisco Systems campus in San Jose While Cisco was not the first company to develop and sell a router,[1] it was one of the first to sell commercially successful routers supporting multiple network protocols.[2] As the Internet Protocol (IP) became widely adopted, the importance of multi-protocol routing declined. Today, Cisco’s largest routers are primarily used to deliver IP packets and MPLS frames. In 1990, the company was listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. Lerner was fired; as a result Bosack quit after receiving $200 million. Most of those profits were given to charities and the two later divorced. Cisco acquired a variety of companies to bring in products and talent into the company. Several acquisitions, such as Stratacom, were the biggest deals at the time. During the Internet boom in 1999, the company acquired Cerent Corp., a start-up company located in Petaluma, California, for about US$7 billion. It was the most expensive acquisition made by Cisco at that time. Since then, only Cisco’s acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta has been larger. Although not every acquisition is successful, Cisco has more frequently succeeded in integrating and growing the revenue of its acquisitions than its competitors. Several acquired companies have grown into $1Bn+ business units for Cisco, including LAN switching, Enterprise VOIP, and home networking.

Cisco Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: CSCO, SEHK: 4333) is a multinational corporation with more than 66,000 employees and annual revenue of US$39 billion as of 2008. Headquartered in San Jose, California, it designs and sells networking and communications technology and services.

Corporate history
Len Bosack and Sandy Lerner, a married couple who worked as computer operations staff at Stanford University, later joined by Richard Troiano, founded cisco Systems in 1984. Lerner moved on to direct computer services at Schlumberger, moving full time to Cisco in 1987. The name "Cisco" was derived from the city name, San Francisco, which is why the company’s engineers insisted on using the lower case ’cisco’ in the early days. For Cisco’s first product, Bosack adapted multiple-protocol router software originally written some years before by William Yeager, another Stanford employee who later joined Sun Microsystems.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In late March 2000, at the height of the dot-com boom, Cisco was the most valuable company in the world, with a market capitalization of more than US$500 billion.[3][4] In April 2009, with a market cap of about US$104 billion[5], it is still one of the most valuable companies.[6] CISCO was voted stock of the decade on NASDAQ. The company’s 7500 Series router was voted 3rd in the product of the decade 1990-2000 behind the Mosaic web browser and the Novell LAN manager. Cisco has made inroads into many network equipment markets outside routing, including Ethernet switching, remote access, branch office routers, ATM networking, security, IP telephony, and others. In 2003, Cisco acquired Linksys, a popular manufacturer of computer networking hardware and positioned it as a leading brand for the home and end user networking market (SOHO). The company’s first two CEOs are John Morgridge and John Chambers[7] (active). The Corporate Headquarters is on East Tasman Drive in San Jose, California, between Zanker Road and Cisco Way. The company was a 2002-03 recipient of the Ron Brown Award. Cisco’s vision is "Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play and Learn." Cisco’s current tagline is "Welcome to the human network."[8]

Cisco Systems
• Application Network Services • Broadband Cable products: uBR7100 series, uBR7200 series, uBR10012 CMTSes. A line of Cable modems, the uBR900 series and CVA122 series, were also made in the late 1990s and early 2000s, but have since been discontinued. • Clean Access Server • Content Networking • DSL & Long Reach Ethernet • Interoperability Systems • Cisco LocalDirector load-balancing appliance • Optical Networking series: 15xxx Series: 15302, 15305, 15310, 15327, 15454, 15600, 1580x, 15900(wavelength router, but end for sale) • Micro Webservers: 100, 200 • Routers: AGS, AGS+, MGS, IGS, CGS, SB107, 700, 800, 837, 1000 Series, 1600 Series, 1700, 1800, 2500 Series, 2600 Series, 2800, 3600, 3700, 3800, 4000 Series, 4500, 7000 Series, 7100/7200/ 7300/7400 Mid Range Customer Edge/ Service Provider Edge family, 7500, 7600, 10000, 12000, and CRS-1 • Cisco Security Manager • Security & VPN products: Anomaly Detection and Mitigation Appliances,Cisco AVS 3110 Application Velocity System, Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances, Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances, Cisco VPN 3000 Series Concentrators, Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series/7600 Series WebVPN Services Module, IPSec VPN Services Module (VPNSM) for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Switches and Cisco 7600 Series Routers • Server Networking & Virtualization • SPA Phone Adapters • Storage networking • Switches • Catalyst series: 500 and 520 Express, 1900 Series, 2900, 2950, 2960, 3560 and 3560E, 3750 and 3750E, 4500, 6500 Nexus 7000 switch and Nexus 5000/2000 switch (from the Nuova Systems Inc. acquisition] etc.. • Metro Ethernet ME 3400 Series Access Switches • MGX 8800 Series Multiservice Switches: MGX 8830, MGX 8850 • MDS 9000 Series Multilayer SAN Switches • Nexus 1000V distributed virtual software switch[9]

Products and services
Partial list of hardware products

A Cisco ASM/2-32EM router deployed at CERN in 1987.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• • • • Universal Gateways & Access Servers Video Cisco Telepresence Voice & IP Communications: 7900 Series IP Phones: 7936, 7906G, 7912G, 7911G, 7920, 7921G, 7911G, 7921G, 7931G, 7940G, 7941G, 7941G-GE, 7960G, 7961G, 7961G-GE, 7970G, 7971G-GE, 7975G and 7985G • Wireless: Wireless Integrated Switches and Routers,Wireless IP Telephony, Wireless LAN Access, Aironet Wireless Bridges and Workgroup Bridges, Cisco Wireless LAN Client Adapters (PCI and PCMCIA), Wireless LAN Controllers, Wireless Network Management, Wireless LAN Management, Wireless Security Servers, Wireless IP Phone 7920 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Cisco Systems
Cisco IP/TV Cisco IP/VC Cisco NX-OS Cisco Unified Contact Center Cisco MeetingPlace Cisco Network Magic Cisco Secure Services Client (formerly AEGIS Client, an 802.1X supplicant) Cisco Unity Cisco Unified Communications Manager Cisco Unified Personal Communicator Cisco Unified Presence Server Cisco Unified Application Environment Cisco IP Communicator Cisco Unified Video Advantage Cisco Secure Desktop Cisco Unified Phone Proxy Cisco Unified Operations Manager Cisco Unified Provisioning Manager Cisco Unified Service Monitor Cisco Unified Service Statistics Manager Cisco Voice Portal Cisco Security Manager WebEx Collaboration Tools Cisco Transport Manager Cisco Router and Security Device Manager Cisco Enhanced Device Interface Wireless Control System Wide Area Application Services (WAAS) BTS 10200 [PacketCable specifications based SoftSwitch with Class 4/5 and IMS functionalities] PGW 2200 HSI Cisco Monitor Director [CMD] Cisco Unified Survivable Remote Site Telephony (SRST)

Partial list of software products
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Internet Operating System (IOS), IOS-XR PIX 2 ASA Migration Tool (PAMT) CMatch Compliance Assessment Tool Cisco Active Network Abstraction (ANA) Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client Cisco Network Assistant (CNA) Cisco Configuration Assistant (CCA) Cisco Configuration Professional (CCP) Cisco CallManager / Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) Cisco Emergency Responder (CER) Cisco Eos, hosted software Cisco IP Transfer Point (ITP) Cisco Multimedia Conference Manager (MCM) Cisco Fabric Manager CiscoView CiscoWorks Network Management software IP SLAs Cisco Intelligent Contact Management Cisco Secure Access Control Server (ACS) Cisco Access Registrar (AR) Cisco Security MARS (Monitoring, Analysis and Response System) Cisco Clean Access Agent, Cisco Clean Access Manager, Cisco NAC Appliance Content Loadbalancers (acquired from Arrowpoint) Content Engine Wireless LAN Solution Engine Cisco VPN Client Packet Tracer, a didactic network simulator

• • • •

Cisco Systems VPN Client
The Cisco Systems VPN (virtual Private Network) Client is an executable program that allows Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris and Windows based computers to connect to a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The client makes remote resources of another network available in a secure way as if the user was connected directly to that "private" network. The software is not free but is often installed on university and business computers in accordance with a site-license.

Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client
Cisco has recently released a new VPN client called Cisco AnyConnect VPN. The Cisco

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AnyConnect VPN uses TLS and a slightly nonstandard version of DTLS as the tunneling protocol instead of the legacy IPSec mechanism. The AnyConnect client is supported on almost all 32 and 64 bit versions Windows, including Windows 7; Linux (32-bit x86 only); Mac OS X Intel and PPC; and Windows Mobile Touch Screen Devices 5, 6, 6.1. Server OSes are not officially supported, but version 2.3.0254 has been tested on Windows 2003 and Windows 2008 Server. This new client is growing in popularity because it supports 64 bit Windows operating systems. Although the official Linux client has limited architecture support and symlink races (fixed in 2.3 and later), there exists an open source client (that was reverse engineered from the original client and not supported by Cisco) which runs on Linux and Mac OS X, with extra features such as the capability to use SSL certificates from a Trusted Platform Module for authentication, and full integration with the NetworkManager desktop network configuration under Linux, as well as the ability to run as an unprivileged user to improve security.

Cisco Systems
capabilities to enable governments or regimes to block access to information and that it sells the same equipment in China as it sells worldwide.[11]

Shareholder class action lawsuit against Cisco
On August 18, 2006 Cisco reached a settlement in a long-standing class action lawsuit that originated in 2001. "The original suit, filed April 20, 2001, claimed that the company made misleading statements, or omitted statements of material fact, that were relied on by purchasers of Cisco stock. It also alleged that the individual defendants sold Cisco stock while in possession of material, non-public information. Cisco denied all allegations in the suit."[12] While Cisco denies all wrongdoing in the suit, it agreed to settle with the plaintiffs. Cisco’s liability insurers, its directors, and officers paid the plaintiffs US$91.75 million to settle the suit.[13]

Cisco lawsuit against Huawei
On January 23, 2003, Cisco sued Huawei Technologies, Co., Ltd and its subsidiaries, Huawei America, Inc. and FutureWei Technologies, Inc. over Huawei’s unlawful copying of Cisco’s intellectual property.[14] The suit alleged that Huawei "unlawfully copied and misappropriated Cisco’s IOS software... and infringed numerous Cisco patents." Cisco suspended the patent infringement lawsuit on October 1, 2003, after Huawei agreed to remove some products from sale and modify others.

VoIP services
Cisco became a major provider of Voice over IP to enterprises, and is now moving into the home user market through its acquisitions of Scientific Atlanta and Linksys. Scientific Atlanta provides VoIP equipment to cable service providers such as Time Warner, Cablevision, Rogers Communications, UPC, and others; Linksys has partnered with companies such as Skype and Yahoo to integrate consumer VoIP services with wireless and cordless phones.

Cisco’s Brazil Tax Fraud Investigation
On October 16, 2007, the Brazilian Federal Police and Brazilian Receita Federal (equivalent to the American IRS) under the "Persona Operation" uncovered an alleged tax fraud scheme employed by Cisco Systems since 2002 that exempted the company from paying over R$1.5 billion (US$824 million) in taxes.[15][16]

Criticisms and controversy
China
Cisco has been criticized for its involvement in censorship in the People’s Republic of China.[10] According to author Ethan Gutmann, Cisco and other telecommunications equipment providers supplied the Chinese government with surveillance and Internet infrastructure equipment that is used to block Internet websites and track Chinese on-line activities. Cisco says that it does not customize or develop specialized or unique filtering

Multiven Files Antitrust Lawsuit Against Cisco Systems, Inc.
On December 1, 2008, Multiven, Inc. filed an antitrust lawsuit[17] against Cisco Systems, Inc. in an effort to make it easier for Multiven and others to sell competitive maintenance

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
services for Cisco equipment. Multiven’s complaint alleges that Cisco harmed Multiven and consumers by bundling and tying bug fixes/patches and updates for its operating system software to its maintenance services (“SMARTnet”) and through a series of other illegal exclusionary and anticompetitive acts designed to maintain Cisco’s alleged monopoly in the network maintenance services market for Cisco networking equipment. The official Multiven complaint can be read here.

Cisco Systems

[6] Fost, Dan (2006-05-05). "Chron 200 Market capitalization". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgibin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/05/05/ BUC200MARKETCAP.DTL. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. [7] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_Chambers_(CEO) [8] "The Human Network". Cisco Systems, Inc.. http://www.cisco.com/ humannetwork. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. [9] [http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/ technology/ Free Software Foundation suit cisco_vmware_virtualizing_the_datacenter.pdf On December 11, 2008, the Free Software "Virtual Networking Features of the Foundation filed suit against Cisco (see FSF VMware vNetwork Distributed Switch vs. Cisco) regarding Cisco’s failure to comply and Cisco Nexus 1000V Series with the GPL and LGPL license models and Switches"]. http://www.vmware.com/ make the applicable source code publicly files/pdf/technology/ [18] available. cisco_vmware_virtualizing_the_datacenter.pdf. [10] "FRONTLINE: the tank man: the struggle to control information | PBS". Pbs.org. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/ • Catalyst switch frontline/tankman/internet/. Retrieved on • Cisco Career Certifications 2008-11-13. • Cisco IOS - the operating system used in [11] Earnhardt, John (2006-02-15). "Cisco Cisco routers Testimony Before House International • CLEO Cisco router in Low Earth Orbit Relations Subcommittee". Cisco Systems, • List of acquisitions by Cisco Systems Inc.. http://blogs.cisco.com/gov/2006/02/ cisco_testimony_before_house_i.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. [12] Cisco Systems, Inc. (2006-08-18). Cisco [1] "I, Cringely . NerdTV . Transcript | PBS". Shareholder Class Action Lawsuit Pbs.org. http://www.pbs.org/cringely/ Resolved. Press release. nerdtv/transcripts/013.html. Retrieved http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/2006/ on 2008-11-13. corp_081806.html. Retrieved on [2] Cisco claim of first multi-protocol router. 2007-01-25. Interview. The Evolution of Access [13] "Cisco resolves class action lawsuit". Routing. June 14, 2004. Retrieved on Silicon Valley/San Jose Business Journal. 2009-01-04. 2006-08-18. [3] "Cisco pushes past Microsoft in market http://sanjose.bizjournals.com/sanjose/ value". CBS Marketwatch. 2000-03-25. stories/2006/08/14/daily75.html. http://www.marketwatch.com/news/ Retrieved on 2007-01-25. story/cisco-pushes-past-microsoft[14] Cisco Systems, Inc. (2003-01-23). Cisco market/ Files Lawsuit Against Huawei story.aspx?guid=%7BFA6BADEF%2D05F2%2D4169%2DADDA%2D12E9D17C4433%7D. Technologies. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/ [4] "Cisco replaces Microsoft as world’s corp_012303.html. Retrieved on most valuable company". Reuters (The 2007-01-25. Indian Express). 2000-03-25. [15] "Cisco offices raided, executives arrested http://www.expressindia.com/ie/daily/ in Brazil: reports". NetworkWorld. 20000326/ibu26043.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-16. 2007-01-25. http://www.networkworld.com/news/ [5] Cisco Systems Summary 2007/101607-cisco-brazil-

See also

References

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
arrests.html?page=1. Retrieved on 2007-10-16. [16] International Herald Tribune (2007-10-17). Brazilian tax authorities raid, close Cisco System’s offices in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro. Press release. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/10/ 17/business/LA-FIN-Brazil-Cisco.php. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. [17] "Multiven Sues Cisco". lightreading. 2008-12-01. http://www.lightreading.com/ document.asp?doc_id=168775. Retrieved on 2008-12-02. [18] Free Software Foundation (December 11, 2008). Free Software Foundation Files Suit Against Cisco For GPL Violations. Press release. http://www.fsf.org/news/2008-12-ciscosuit. Retrieved on 2009-01-04.

Cisco Systems

External links
• Cisco Systems Home Page • Video and audio of speech by CEO John Chambers at Duke University • USA Today Q&A with CEO John Chambers • Interview with former CEO, John Morgridge, by Stanford students of iinnovate Business data • Cisco Systems at Google Finance • Cisco Systems at Yahoo Finance • Cisco Systems at Hoover’s • Cisco Systems at Reuters • Cisco Systems SEC filings at EDGAR Online • Cisco Systems SEC filings at the Securities and Exchange Commission

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cisco_Systems" Categories: Companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Companies in the NASDAQ-100 Index, Cisco Systems, Cisco protocols, Companies established in 1984, Networking companies of the United States, Networking hardware companies, Companies based in San Jose, California, Deep packet inspection This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 09:47 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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