Natural Disaster in Bihar- 2005

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Natural Disaster in Bihar- 2005 Powered By Docstoc
					    Welcome to Bihar
  Dr. D. K. Sankaran,
     Secretary (BM)
Ministry of Home Affairs
     Govt. of India
                  Earth Quake
    Flood          Zone IV,V          Hot Wave




Drought          BIHAR                  Cold Wave
            Prone to Multi Hazards




  Fire
                                     Thunderstorm
                 High Wind
                                      & Hailstorm
BIHAR FLOOD 2004
RIVER BASIN OF NORTH BIHAR
FLOOD DRAINAGE MAP OF NORTH BIHAR
Remote Sensing Map of Marooned areas
Geographical situation of the state:
17 % of the country’s Flood area in Bihar
Frequent change of river course
Frequent Droughts
High wind velocity in most parts of the state
Quite often hailstorms
Recurrent village fires in hot summer months
Cold wave
Earthquake Zone-IV & V
Some districts of North Bihar as vulnerable as
Bhuj
• 37% of the total area vulnerable to flood.
• 76% of North Bihar prone to floods.
• 61% of the catchment area lies in Nepal & Tibet.
• All major rivers like
  Kosi,Gandak,Bagmati,Mahananda and Adhwara
  group of rivers originate in Nepal.
• Steep gradient of Himalayan ranges carries lot of silt
  to the plains of North Bihar.
• Floods in Bihar is thus a national issue and the
  solution can not be arrived at without intervention
  and assistance from Nepal.
• Better coordination and information sharing with
  Nepal is a prerequisite for any flood preparedness
  and its management.
• 3430 km of embankments were constructed
  to protect 29.49 lakh hectare area ( 39.64
  lakh hectare area still not protected)
• Moreover embankments do not provide
  succor from the floods as the rainfall in the
  catchment area of Nepal results in
  overtopping of the embankments and its
  breach too.
• 17% of the area is water logged which too
  needs immediate solution.
• Long     term    measures        may   include
  construction of flood cushions in Nepal
  catchment areas and also high dams which
  again need considerable research &
  resources along with intervention at National
  level.
                  FLOODS
• Heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of
  Bagmati, Kamla-Balan, Budhi-Gandak,
  the Adhwara group of rivers, Kosi and
  Mahananda, in the very first week of July,
  2004 led to unprecedented floods in 20
  districts of Bihar.
• Rivers rose above danger levels and
  protective embankments were breached
  at 54 points inundating and devastating
  vast stretches of thickly populated areas.
  So much so that the extent and impact of
  the floods left the flood record of 1987 far
  behind.
             DISTRICTS
• Sitamarhi, Sheohar, Darbhanga,
  Madhubani, Supaul, Khagaria, East
  Champaran,Kishanganj, Samastipur,
  Madhepura, Araria and Saharsa were
  worse affected
• Begusarai,Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur,
  Katihar, Purnea, West Champaran,
  Gopalganj and Vaishali were partly
  affected.
          COMMUNICATION
• Communication disrupted with Sitamarhi,
  Sheohar, Darbhanga, Madhubani &
  Khagaria.
• Satellite Phones were installed with the
  support from MHA in above districts.
• Ham Radios were used in Sheohar &
  Sitamarhi     Districts   for   restoring
  communication gaps.
• Road links were also snapped.
  Requisition for Bally bridges have been
  made from the MHA & Defence.
            Rainfall from 1 July to 17 July
Sl no       Name of basin     1987    2001   2002    2003    2004

 1      Bagmati ( Benibad)    182      35     116     63      277

 2      Burhi                 204     391     181    235      505
        Gandak(Sikanderpur)
 3      Kamla                 207      60      86    149      666
        Balan(Jainagar)
 4      Gandak(okhra)         215     335     781    771    427

 5      Kosi(Biratnagar)      221      54     362    613    403

 Remarks:-Heavy rain occurred after 20th July 1987
                                      Loss of livestock

Sl.                Name of District         Block          No. of Animal affected   No. of Animal
No.                                        affected                (In lac)             dead
 1.                       2.                  3.                     4.                  5.
 1.    Supaul                                 9                    0.630                  -
 2.    Darbhanga                              18             Being ascertained            -
 3.    West Champaran                         3                    0.190                  -

 4.    Bhagalpur                              4                    0.100                 13
 5.    Muzaffarpur                            11                     1                  100
 6.    Sitamarhi                              17             Being ascertained            -
 7.    Khagaria                               5                    0.650                 10
 8.    Sheohar                                4                    0.007                  -
 9.    Madhubani                              21                   0.870                  -
10.    Araria                                 9                    3.400                 10
 11.   Saharsa                                7                    3.880                  -
12.    East Champaran                         23                  41.690                534
13.    Samastipur                             10                   4.790                325
14.    Madhepura                              9                    0.160                  -
15.    Katihar                                9                    6.490                  -
16.    Kishanganj                             7                    0.050                  -
17.    Begusarai                              2              Being ascertained            -
18.    Purnea                          Being ascertained           0.870                 7
                        Total                168                  63.777                992
Status of National Highways :
•990 Km of National Highways severely affected.
•6 bridges washed away on NH 77 (Muz-Sitamarhi-
 Sonbarsa) & 1 no. on NH 104 (Jainagar-Ladania-Phulparas)
•225 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
•Total length overtopped-235 Km
•Road embankment breached at 118 locations.
•Traffic disrupted on NHs 28A, 31, 57, 77, 104, 105, 106 and
 107.

Status of State Highways and other roads:
•1950 Km of State Highways and MDRs severely affected.
•323 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
•10 bridges on important routes have collapsed.
•Overtopping has occured in major portion of affected length.
•Road embankment breached at several locations.
       NUMBER OF DAMAGED SCHOOLS BUILDING IN FLOOD 2004
Sl. No.   Name of the district   Total No. of   No of Schools with Fully   No of Schools with Partially
                                   Schools        Damaged Buildings            Damaged Buildings
  1       Saharsa                    42                    5                           19
  2       Madhepura                  47                    7                           26
  3       Supaul                     47                    4                           22
  4       Purnea                     48                    4                           24
  5       Kishanganj                 20                    4                           22
  6       Araria                     39                    7                           22
  7       Katihar                    53                    5                           23
  8       Muzaffarpur                103                  11                            8
  9       Vaishali                   89                    7                           13
  10      Sitamarhi                  61                   14                           31
  11      Shivhar                    12                    3                            6
  12      East Champaran             89                   16                           36
  13      West Champaran             58                    5                           17
  14      Bhagalpur                  102                   3                           38
  15      Darbhanga                  71                   20                           37
  16      Madhubani                  117                  25                           27
  17      Samastipur                 108                  20                           58
  18      Begusarai                  83                    0                           22
  19      Khagaria                   40                    6                           28
             Total                  1229                  166                          479
 Agricultural loss due to flood since 1990 up to 2004.
Sl.   Year        Cropped Area          Crop Damage
No.               (Lakh Hect.)           (Lakh Rs.)
1     1990            3.21                 1818.88
2     1991            4.05                 2361.03
3     1992            0.25                  58.09
4     1993           11.35                13950.17
5     1994            3.50                 5616.33
6     1995            4.24                19514.32
7     1996            7.34                 7169.29
8     1997            6.55                 5737.66
9     1998           12.84                36696.68
10    1999            3.04                24203.88
11    2000            3.90                22280.70
12    2001            4.60                23108.66
13    2002           8.104                46744.30
14    2003           6.052                 6266.13
15    2004           11.242               14000.00
           Status of National Highways :
• 990 Km of National Highways severely affected.
• 6 bridges washed away on NH 77 (Muz-Sitamarhi-
  Sonbarsa) & 1 no. on NH 104 (Jainagar-Ladania-Phulparas)
• 225 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
• Total length overtopped-235 Km
• Road embankment breached at 118 locations.
• Traffic disrupted on NHs 28A, 31, 57, 77, 104, 105, 106 and
  107.

      Status of State Highways and other roads:
• 1950 Km of State Highways and MDRs severely affected.
• 323 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
• 10 bridges on important routes have collapsed.
• Overtopping has occured in major portion of affected
  length.
• Road embankment breached at several locations.
           FLOOD SCENARIO

                      Year-2002       2003     2004
• DISTRICTS AFFECTED:      25         24       20

• PERSON AFFECTED:       158.18       76.02    211.76 (lakh)

• HUMAN LIVES LOST:       482         251      570

• LIVESTOCK LOST:          1405       108      1915

• HOUSES DAMAGES:          3,96,644   45,262   6,74,352
  GOVT. RESPONSE 2004

BOATS DEPLOYED:              7308
RELIEF CENTERS:              977
ALLOTMENT FOR FOOD GRAINS:   Rs.30 Crores
AIR DROPPING:                1787 Mt.
HEALTH CENTERS:              504
VETERINARY CENTERS:          194
ALLOTMENT FOR EVACUATION:    Rs.18.26 Crores
ALLOTMENT FOR EX-GRATIA:     Rs 1.98 Crores
ALLOTMENT FOR CASH DOLE:     Rs.41.70 crores
Flood Preparedness-2005
Pre flood stage:-
• State level flood preparedness review chaired by Chief
  Secretary and heads of other departments in the month
  of April 2005.
• Flood Preparedness meeting in all the affected districts
  before 15th of May 2005.
• Regular Coordination at all levels with all line
  departments,PRIs & NG0s for better flood management.
• Establish early warning mechanisms with the help of
  related deptts.
• Installation & Maintenance of Rain Gauge before the
  flood season.
• Repairing of embankments and continuous supervision
  of the same.
• Construction of Mounds and identification of high
  places for shelter of the old, infant, handicapped,
•Repairing of roads which are
likely to be flooded on the basis
of past experiences.
•Identification & inventory of
Boats and necessary repairing of
the same before the flood.
•Pre stocking of food and other
essential commodities in the
vulnerable    areas   for   quick
distribution among the affected
population.
• Identification of proposed relief centres & wider
  dissemination of the same among the masses.
• Equip the hospitals and vaterinary centres with
  sufficient medicines and       vaccines along with
  doctors and paramedical staff.
• Mobilize the services of trained home guards.
• Ensure safe drinking water for the marooned
  population.
• To ensure functioning of Control Rooms from
  District-Subdivision-Block level round the clock.
• Prestocking of Materials for immediate repairing of
  roads, culverts & Embankments with sufficient
  manpower to ensure communication.
             During Flood----
• Regular Information Sharing at each level.
• Distribution of relief according to the norms.
• Evacuation & Shelter arrangements.
• Regular       patrolling      of      vulnerable
  embankments.
• Ensuring safe drinking water and action for
  controlling outbreak of Epidemics.
• Preparation of database { Form- 9} of
  affected population for relief, cash dole.
• Mobilizing the services various Disaster
  Management Committees, Task Forces for
  necessary support to the flood victims.
              After Flood---
• Restoring communication {road, telecom,
  electricity etc}.
• Immediate repairing of embankments and
  irrigation channels.
• Steps for control of epidemics.
• Allotment      of    fund   for  repairing/
  reconstruction of fully & partly damaged
  houses as per norms.
• To provide support to farmers for crop
  damage.
      Action Taken under the GoI-UNDP
      Disaster Risk Management Programme
• Upgrade/develop Capacity Building of the Various committees from
  district to village/ward level & activate the various task forces to help the
  vulnerable population.
• Preparation of Preparedness and response plan from district to village
  level with following components using PRA tools:
• -Social Mapping.
• - Vulnerability Assessment.
• -Resource Mapping
• -Hazard Analysis
• -Preparedness & Response Plans
• -Identification of Volunteers
• -Specialized training to Task Forces.
• -Standard operating Procedures and Check lists for various officials.
• -Approval of the Plan at various Plans.
• -Mock Drills before the disaster Season.
• Completion & equip the Emergency Operations
  Centre (Control Rooms) and depute trained
  personnel on 24 X 7 basis.
• Activation of the four digit toll free code 1077
  for the districts and 1070 for the State Control
  Room.
• Creating awareness among the masses
  through various methodologies using the
  existing mechanisms.
• Preparation of district wise detailed database
  of resources available in the districts like
  boats,swimmers,safe shelters,mounds etc &
  updating the resource inventory web portal
  develop by MHA-NIC-UNDP and keep a
  upgraded list(www.idrn.gov.in).
                         Dist. Magistrate
     DM Committees
                                             Dist./ Block
                                               Admin
Corporate
 Sector

                           GoI-UNDP               Educational
                     Disaster Management
Banking /                 Programme               Institutions
Insurance



Community                                   NGOs / CBOs
            Disaster Mgmt.
                                    PRIs
                Teams
      Approaches to Mitigation
• Cluster Approach of construction of IAY
• Fire safety measures taken up in all schools
• Orientation of teachers,students,Parents on EQ & fire
  preparedness.
• Community Contingency Plans are given priority in the 20
  Point programme in the districts.
• Raising of Tube well Platforms above the HFL.
• Involving Banks and Insurance companies for Crop
  Insurance.
• Convergence of village WATSAN teams with the district
  teams.
• The Schools constructed by BEP are eq resistant and are
  constructed above HFL which will be utilized as community
  shelters during flood
• Disaster Management is being included in the course
  curriculum of Sarva Sikshya Abhiyan.
• Upgradation of traditional coping mechanisms through
  training and capacity building.
   Cluster approaches for
construction of IAY in Khagaria

				
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