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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark NYC Landmark

Carnegie Hall Location: Coordinates:

Carnegie Hall (generally pronounced /ˌkɑrnɨɡi ˈhɔːl/)[3] is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park. Designed by architect William Burnet Tuthill and built by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1891, it is one of the most famous venues in the United States for classical music and popular music, renowned for its beauty, history and acoustics. Carnegie Hall has its own artistic programming, development, and marketing departments, and presents about 250 performances each season. It is also rented out to performing groups. The hall has not had a resident company since the New York Philharmonic moved to Lincoln Center’s Philharmonic Hall in 1962. Other concert halls that bear Carnegie’s name include: 420-seat Carnegie Hall in Lewisburg, West Virginia; 1928-seat Carnegie Music Hall in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on the site of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History and the main branch of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh; 1022-seat Carnegie Music Hall annexed to Pittsburgh suburb Homestead’s Carnegie library; and 540-seat Carnegie Hall, in Andrew Carnegie’s native Dunfermline, Scotland.

Midtown Manhattan, New York City, NY

Carnegie Hall venues
Carnegie Hall contains three distinct, separ-

40°45′53.8″N 73°58′48.5″W / ate performance spaces: 40.764944°N 73.980139°W / 40.764944; -73.980139 1890 William Tuthill Italian renaissance October 15, 1966 [1] December 29, 1962 [2] June 20, 1967 66000535

Built/Founded: Architect: Architectural style(s): Added to NRHP: Designated NHL: Designated NYCL: NRHP Reference#:

The Main Hall (Isaac Stern Auditorium)
Carnegie Hall’s main auditorium seats 2,804 on five levels. It was named for the violinist Isaac Stern in 1997. The Main Hall is enormously tall, and visitors to the top balcony must climb 105 steps. All but the top level can be reached by elevator.[4] The main hall was home to the performances of the New York Philharmonic from its opening until 1962. Known as the most

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Carnegie Hall
artists in the performing and graphic arts including music, drama, dance, as well as architects, playwrights, literary agents, photographers, and painters. In 2007, the Carnegie Hall Corporation announced plans to evict the 33 remaining studio residents, some residing in the building since the 1950s including celebrity portrait photographer Editta Sherman, to re-purpose the space for educational facilities.[7][8]

Architecture
Isaac Stern Auditorium prestigious concert stage in the U.S., almost all of the leading classical music, and more recently, popular music, performers since 1891 have performed there. After years of heavy wear and tear, the hall was extensively renovated in 1986 (see below). Carnegie Hall is one of the last large buildings in New York built entirely of masonry, without a steel frame; however, when several flights of studio spaces were added to the building near the turn of the 20th century, a steel framework was erected around segments of the building. The exterior is rendered in narrow Roman bricks of a mellow ochre hue, with details in terracotta and brownstone. The foyer avoids contemporary Baroque theatrics with a high-minded exercise in the Florentine Renaissance manner of Filippo Brunelleschi’s Pazzi Chapel: white plaster and gray stone form a harmonious system of round-headed arched openings and Corinthian pilasters that support an unbroken cornice, with round-headed lunettes above it, under a vaulted ceiling. The famous white and gold interior is similarly restrained.

Zankel Hall
Zankel Hall, which seats 599, is named for Judy and Arthur Zankel. Originally called simply Recital Hall, this was the first auditorium to open to the public in April 1891. Following renovations made in 1896, it was renamed Carnegie Lyceum. It was leased to the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in 1898, converted into a cinema around 1959, and was reclaimed for use as an auditorium in 1997. The completely reconstructed Zankel Hall opened in the space in September 2003.[5][6] Because of its location below street level, passing subway trains can be heard through the walls.

History
Carnegie Hall is named after Andrew Carnegie, who paid for its construction. It was intended as a venue for the Oratorio Society of New York and the New York Symphony Society, on whose boards Carnegie served. Construction began in 1890, and was carried out by Isaac A. Hopper and Company. Although the building was in use from April 1891, the official opening night was on May 5, with a concert conducted by maestro Walter Damrosch and composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Originally known simply as "Music Hall" (the words "Music Hall founded by Andrew Carnegie" still appear on the façade above the marquee), the hall was renamed Carnegie Hall in 1893 after board members of the Music Hall Company of New York (the hall’s original governing body) persuaded Carnegie to allow the use of his name. Several alterations were made to the building between 1893 and

Weill Recital Hall
Weill Recital Hall, which seats 268, is named for Sanford I. Weill, the chairman of Carnegie Hall’s board, and his wife, Joan. This auditorium, in use since the hall opened in 1891, was originally called Chamber Music Hall (later Carnegie Chamber Music Hall); the name was changed to Carnegie Recital Hall in the late 1940s, and finally became Weill Recital Hall in 1986.

Other facilities
The building also contains the Carnegie Hall Archives, established in 1986, and the Rose Museum, which opened in 1991. Studios above the Hall contain working spaces for

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Carnegie Hall
was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962.[2][9][10] The NBC Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Arturo Toscanini, frequently recorded in the Main Hall for RCA Victor. In the fall of 1950, the orchestra’s weekly broadcast concerts were moved there until the orchestra disbanded in 1954. Several of the concerts were televised by NBC, preserved on kinescopes, and have been released on home video. Most of the greatest performers of classical music since the time Carnegie Hall was built have performed in the Main Hall, and its lobbies are adorned with signed portraits and memorabilia. Many legendary jazz and popular music performers have also given memorable performances at Carnegie Hall including Benny Goodman, Judy Garland, Shirley Bassey, Harry Belafonte, James Gang and Stevie Ray Vaughan, all of whom made celebrated live recordings of their concerts there.[4] Carnegie Hall was the first major concert venue in the U.S. to hold a biracial music performance. On January 16, 1938, the Benny Goodman Orchestra gave a sold-out swing and jazz concert that also featured, among other guest performers, Count Basie and members of Duke Ellington’s orchestra. Rock and Roll first came to Carnegie Hall when Bill Haley and his Comets appeared in a variety benefit concert on May 6, 1955.[11] Rock acts were not regularly booked at the Hall, however, until February 12, 1964, when The Beatles performed two shows during their historic first trip to the United States.[12] Promoter Sid Bernstein convinced Carnegie officials that allowing a Beatles concert at the venue "would further international understanding" between the United States and Great Britain.[13] Since then numerous rock, blues, jazz and country performers have appeared at the hall every season.

Andrew Carnegie, 1913 1896, including the addition of two towers of artists’ studios, and alterations to the smaller auditorium on the building’s lower level. The hall was owned by the Carnegie family until 1925, when Carnegie’s widow sold it to a real estate developer, Robert E. Simon. When Simon died in 1935, his son, Robert E. Simon, Jr. took over. By the mid-1950s, changes in the music business prompted Simon to offer Carnegie Hall for sale to the New York Philharmonic, which booked a majority of the hall’s concert dates each year. The orchestra declined, since they planned to move to Lincoln Center, then in the early stages of planning. At the time, it was widely believed that New York City could not support two major concert venues. Facing the loss of the hall’s primary tenant, Simon was forced to offer the building for sale. A deal with a commercial developer fell through, and by 1960, with the New York Philharmonic on the move to Lincoln Center, the building was slated for demolition to make way for a commercial skyscraper. Under pressure from a group led by violinist Isaac Stern and many of the artist residents, special legislation was passed that allowed the city of New York to buy the site from Simon for $5 million (which he would use to establish Reston, VA), and in May 1960 the nonprofit Carnegie Hall Corporation was created to run the venue. It

Renovations and additions
The building was extensively renovated in 1983 and 2003, by James Polshek, who became better known through his post-modern planetarium at the American Museum of Natural History. Polshek and his firm, Polshek Partnership, were involved since 1978 in four phases of the Hall’s renovation and expansion including the creation of a Master Plan in 1980; the actual renovation of the main hall, the Stern Auditorium, and the creation

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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall Tower Carnegie Hall - Elevation of the Weill Recital Hall and Kaplan Rehearsal Space, all in 1987; the creation of the Rose Museum, East Room and Club Room (later renamed Rohatyn Room and Shorin Club Room, respectively), all in 1991; and, most recently, the creation of Zankel Hall in 2003.[5][6] The renovation was not without controversy. Following completion of work on the main auditorium in 1986, there were complaints that the famous acoustics of the hall had been diminished.[14] Although officials involved in the renovation denied that there was any change, complaints persisted for the next nine years. In 1995, the cause of the problem was discovered to be a slab of concrete under the stage. The slab was subsequently removed.[15] In 1987–1989, a 60-floor office tower, named Carnegie Hall Tower, was completed next to the hall on the same block. New backstage space and banquet spaces, contained within the tower, connect with the main Carnegie Hall building. In June 2003, tentative plans were made for the Philharmonic to return to Carnegie Hall beginning in 2006, and for the orchestra to merge its business operations with those of the venue. However, these plans were called off later in 2003.

Management
The Executive and Artistic Director of Carnegie Hall (from July 2005) is Sir Clive Gillinson, formerly managing director of the London Symphony Orchestra.

The Carnegie Hall Archives
Unexpectedly, for most concert-goers, it emerged in 1986 that Carnegie Hall had never consistently maintained an archive. Without a central repository, a significant portion of Carnegie Hall’s documented history had been dispersed. In preparation for the celebration of Carnegie Hall’s centennial (1991), the Carnegie Hall Archives was established.

Carnegie Hall Joke
A venerable story has become part of the folklore of the hall: A New Yorker (or in some versions Arthur Rubinstein) is approached in the street near Carnegie Hall, and asked, "Pardon me sir, how do I get to Carnegie Hall?" He replies, "Practice, practice,

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practice." The Directions page of the Carnegie Hall Web site gently alludes to the joke.

Carnegie Hall
• Hymne pour grande orchestra (Hymne au Saint Sacrament) by Olivier Messiaen March 13, 1947, New York Philharmonic, Leopold Stokowski conducting • Symphony No. 2 by Charles Ives February 22, 1951, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein conducting • Symphony No. 4 by Charles Ives - April 26, 1965, American Symphony Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski conducting • Evocations for Orchestra by Carl Ruggles February 2, 1971, National Orchestral Association, John Perras conducting • Concerto for Oboe and Orchestra by John Corigliano - November 9, 1975, American Symphony Orchestra, Bert Lucarelli, oboe, Akiyama Kazuyoshi conducting • Piano Concerto No. 1 by Milton Babbitt January 19, 1986, American Composers Orchestra, Alan Feinberg, piano, Charles Wuorinen conducting • Concerto #1 by Gregory Magarshak 1991, Manhattan Symphony Orchestra, Peter Tiboris conducting • Symphony No. 6 "Plutonian Ode" for soprano and orchestra by Philip Glass, text by Allen Ginsberg - February 3, 2002, American Composers Orchestra, Lauren Flanigan, soprano, Dennis Russell Davies conducting • American Berserk by John Coolidge Adams - February 25, 2002, Garrick Ohlsson, piano • Symphony of Psalms by Imant Raminsh 2002, Candace Wicke conducting • Women at an Exhibition for chamber orchestra, electronics, and video by Randall Woolf - November 17, 2004, American Composers Orchestra, Steven Sloane conducting, video by Mary Harron and John C. Walsh • "Between Hills Briefly Green" performed by Vermont Youth Orchestra. Conducted by Troy Peters. September 2004 • Algunas metáforas que aluden al tormento, a la angustia y a la Guerra for percussion quartet and chamber orchestra by Carlos Carrillo - January 21, 2005, American Composers Orchestra and So Percussion, Steven Sloane conducting • Traps Relaxed by Dan Trueman - January 21, 2005, American Composers Orchestra, Dan Trueman, electronic violin and laptop, Steven Sloane conducting

World premieres at Carnegie Hall
• Symphony No. 9, opus 95, "From the New World" by Antonín Dvořák - December 16, 1893, New York Philharmonic, Anton Seidl conducting • Sinfonia Domestica by Richard Strauss March 21, 1904, Wetzler Symphony Orchestra, Richard Strauss conducting • Concerto in F by George Gershwin December 3, 1925, New York Symphony Orchestra, George Gershwin, piano, Walter Damrosch conducting • An American in Paris by George Gershwin - December 13, 1928, New York Philharmonic, Walter Damrosch conducting • Variations on a Theme of Corelli by Sergei Rachmaninoff - November 7, 1931, Sergei Rachmaninoff, piano • Density 21.5 by Edgard Varèse - February 16, 1936, Georges Barrère, flute • Contrasts by Béla Bartók - January 9, 1939, Benny Goodman, clarinet, Joseph Szigeti, violin, and Endre Petri, piano • Chamber Symphony No. 2 op. 38 by Arnold Schoenberg - December 15, 1940, New Friends of Music, Fritz Stiedry conducting • New World A-Comin’ by Duke Ellington December 11, 1943, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra • Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber by Paul Hindemith - January 20, 1944, New York Philharmonic, Artur Rodziński conducting • Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte for Voice and Piano Quintet, op. 41 by Arnold Schoenberg - November 23, 1944, New York Philharmonic, Artur Rodziński conducting • Symphony in Three Movements by Igor Stravinsky - January 24, 1946, New York Philharmonic, Igor Stravinsky conducting • Ebony Concerto by Igor Stravinsky March 25, 1946, Woody Herman and His Orchestra, Walter Hendl conducting • Symphony No. 3, "The Camp Meeting" by Charles Ives - April 5, 1946, New York Little Symphony, Lou Harrison conducting, in Carnegie Chamber Music Hall (now known as Weill Recital Hall)

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• Glimmer by Jason Freeman - January 21, 2005, American Composers Orchestra, Steven Sloane conducting • Concerto for Winds "Some Other Blues" by Daniel Schnyder - February 8, 2005, Orpheus Chamber Orchestra • Requiem by Steven Edwards - November 20, 2006 • Catenaires by Elliott Carter - December 11, 2006, Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano (composer present at premiere) • Antworte by TaQ - March 11, 2007, New York Symphonic Ensemble, Mamoru Takahara conducting • Concerto for Cello by Thomas Sleeper March 23, 2008, Florida Youth Orchestra, Thomas Sleeper conducting, Jillian Bloom, cello • The Undeterred by Scott R. Munson November 18, 2007, piano (Dong Gyun Ham), musical saw (Natalia Paruz) and baritone (Byung Woo Kim) • Violin Concertino by Clint Needham December 9, 2007, New York Youth Symphony, Ryan McAdams conducting, William Harvey, violin • Rain, River, Sea by Dr. Patrick Long March, 7, 2008, Susquehanna University Masterworks Chorus and Orchestra, Dr. Jennifer Sacher-Wiley conducting, Nina Tober, soprano, David Steinau, baritone • Eureka! by Patrick J. Burns - March 24, 2008, Westlake High School Wind Ensemble, Mr. Brian Peter conductor. • Incline by Matt McBane - March 24, 2008, Westlake High School Chamber Orchestra, Mrs. Elizabeth Blake conductor. • Hit the Ground Running by Gordon Goodwin - March 24, 2008, Westlake High School Studio Jazz, Mr. Brian Peter conducting, Gordon Goodwin, tenor saxophone • The Five Changes by Gregory Youtz - June 1, 2008, Oregon State University Wind Ensemble, Dr. Christopher Chapman conducting, Robert Brudvig, percussion • The Phoenix Rising by Stella Sung- June 15, 2008, performed by the Florida Young Artists Orchestra • Alligator Songs by Daniel May- June 15, 2008, performed by the Florida Young Artists Orchestra • The Ponce De Leon Suite by Robert KerrJune 15,2008, performed by the Florida Young Artists Orchestra

Carnegie Hall
• Symphony No. 5 (Concerto for Orchestra) by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich - October 27, 2008, performed by The Juilliard Orchestra conducted by James Conlon

See also

Carnegie Hall, main entrance • List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City • List of concert halls • Judy at Carnegie Hall • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra at Carnegie Hall, January 16, 1938 • Chicago at Carnegie Hall 1971 four LP vinyl box set by the rock band Chicago • Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones, first African-American to sing at Carnegie Hall • Alliance for the Arts Advocacy organization for Carnegie Hall

References

[1] "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. [2] ^ "Carnegie Hall". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-09. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/ detail.cfm?ResourceId=387&ResourceType=Building [3] Although Andrew Carnegie pronounced his name with the stress on the second syllable, the building is generally pronounced with the stress on the first syllable. [4] ^ Bronx General Interest: General Interest in Bronx, New York [5] ^ Dunlap, David W. (2000-01-30), "Carnegie Hall Grows the Only Way It

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Carnegie Hall

Can; Burrowing Into Bedrock, Crews [11] "Stars assist the blind" The New York Carve Out a New Auditorium", New York Times. May 7, 1955. Times, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ [12] John S. Wilson, "2,900-Voice Chorus fullpage.html?res=9903E0D91E3CF933A05752C0A9669C8B63 Joins The Beatles". The New York Times. [6] ^ Muschamp, Herbert T. (2003-09-12), February 13, 1964. "ARCHITECTURE REVIEW; Zankel Hall, [13] Nicholas Schaffner, The Beatles Forever Carnegie’s Buried Treasure", New York (New York: Cameron House, 1977), 14. Times, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ [14] Michael Walsh, "Sounds in the night". fullpage.html?res=9D00EED9133BF931A2575AC0A9659C8B63 Time, 16 February 1987. [7] Wendy Goodman (30 December 2007). [15] Kozinn, Alan (1995-09-14). "A Phantom "Great Rooms - The Remaining Tenants Exposed: Concrete at Carnegie". The of the Carnegie Hall Studio Towers". New York Times. New York Magazine. http://nymag.com/ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ homedesign/greatrooms/42385/. fullpage.html?res=990CEFD8173FF937A2575AC0A9 Retrieved on 2008-11-07. Retrieved on 2008-03-16. [8] Jessica Pressler (20 October 2008). • Richard Schickel, The World of Carnegie "Editta Sherman, 96-Year-Old Squatter". Hall, 1960, recounts all the lore. New York Magazine. http://nymag.com/ daily/intel/2008/10/ editta_sherman_96-year-old_squ.html. • Official website Retrieved on 2008-11-07. • Carnegie Hall History from the official [9] ["Carnegie Hall", by Richard Greenwood. web site "National Register of Historic Places • Guide to events at Carnegie Hall Inventory"]. National Park Service. • WV Carnegie Hall 1975-05-30. "Carnegie Hall", by Richard • Carnegie Hall and its events on NYCGreenwood.. ARTS.org [10] ["Carnegie Hall--Accompanying Photos". • Carnegie Hall and its events on "National Register of Historic Places NYCkidsARTS.org Inventory"]. National Park Service. 1975-05-30. "Carnegie Hall-Accompanying Photos"..

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnegie_Hall" Categories: Music venues in New York City, National Historic Landmarks in New York City, Concert halls in the United States, Andrew Carnegie, National Register of Historic Places in Manhattan, 1890 architecture This page was last modified on 15 May 2009, at 21:06 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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