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					LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



  Associated General Contractors
 American Institute of Architects
Construction Specifications Institute

                   New Orleans
                    11/27/01


     NFPA 72 and NFPA 101
  Supervised Automatic Sprinkler
        System Overview
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY




           NFPA 72 and NFPA 101
    Supervised Automatic Sprinkler System
                  Overview
 Look at the requirements that mandates these systems
 Understand how to find these requirements in the codes
 Explain how these requirements affect your fire alarm
  designs
 Outline what needs to be provided for code compliance
 Detail how to submit these systems for plan review
         LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
         OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



 “What is the difference between an approved automatic
    sprinkler system and approved supervised automatic
    sprinkler system?”
   “How does the sprinkler system affect my fire alarm
    system design?”
   “How do I know that the sprinkler is required to be
    supervised?”
   “Is it acceptable to chain open the main supply valve as
    prescribed in NFPA 13 and meet the intent of a supervised
    system?”
   “If my fire alarm system is connected to the building
    sprinkler system, is it then automatically required to
    transmit off site to a monitoring facility?”
        LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
        OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



             NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
 9.7.2.1* Supervisory Signals. Where supervised automatic sprinkler
   systems are required by another section of this Code, supervisory
   attachments shall be installed and monitored for integrity in
   accordance with NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code, and a
   distinctive supervisory signal shall be provided to indicate a condition
   that would impair the satisfactory operation of the sprinkler system.
   Monitoring shall include, but shall not be limited to, monitoring of
   control valves, fire pump power supplies and running conditions, water
   tank levels and temperatures, tank pressure, and air pressure on dry-
   pipe valves. Supervisory signals shall sound and shall be displayed
   either at a location within the protected building that is constantly
   attended by qualified personnel or at an approved, remotely located
   receiving facility. (Note: This office’s interpretation of “constantly
   attended location” is 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and 365 days a
   year.)
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



           NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code

 9.7.2.2 Alarm Signal Transmission. Where supervision
  of automatic sprinkler systems is provided in accordance
  with another provision of this Code, waterflow alarms
  shall be transmitted to an approved, proprietary alarm
  receiving facility, a remote station, a central station, or
  the fire department. Such connection shall be in
  accordance with 9.6.1.4. (Therefore based on this requirement the
  proposed fire alarm system cannot be a local system!)
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY




           NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
 Mandates for supervised automatic sprinkler systems are
  rarely in the _.3.5 Extinguishing Requirements in
  occupancy chapters in the Life Safety Code.
 These requirements are typically given as a code trade-off
  to extend travel distances, dead-end corridors, or common
  path of travel.
 These requirements sometimes are stipulated in minimum
  construction type limitations in specific occupancy
  chapters.
        LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
        OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY




“Does this mean that I am going to have to
look at other sections of the code, other than
fire alarm section, to verify that my fire alarm
design is code compliant?”

 Absolutely! The 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code has
  changed a majority of the sprinkler requirements and
  sprinkler exceptions to include the term “supervised”.
 You need to be “code savvy.”
 Understand other requirements that would mandate a
  “supervised automatic sprinkler system” - this will affect
  the design of your fire alarm system.
        LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
        OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY




             NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
 There are requirements in the “core chapters” (Chapters 1- 11)
 7.2.12 Areas of Refuge.
   7.2.12.1 General.
   An area of refuge used as part of a required accessible means of egress in
   accordance with 7.5.4, or used as a part of any required means of egress,
   shall conform to the following:
   (1) The general requirements of Section 7.1
   (2) The requirements of 7.2.12.2 and 7.2.12.3
   Exception: The requirement of 7.2.12.1(2) shall not apply to areas of
   refuge consisting of stories of buildings protected throughout by an
   approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with
   Section 9.7.
           LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
           OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY




                 NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
 There are requirements in the “core chapters” (Chapters 1- 11)
   7.5.1.4*
    Where two exits or exit access doors are required, they shall be placed at a distance from one
    another not less than one-half the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the
    building or area to be served, measured in a straight line between the nearest edge of the exit
    doors or exit access doors. Where exit enclosures are provided as the required exits and are
    interconnected by not less than a 1-hour fire resistance-rated corridor, exit separation shall be
    permitted to be measured along the line of travel within the corridor.
    Where more than two exits or exit access doors are required, at least two of the required exits
    or exit access doors shall be arranged to comply with the minimum separation distance
    requirement. The other exits or exit access doors shall be located so that if one becomes
    blocked, the others shall be available.
    Exception No. 1: In buildings protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic
    sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, the minimum separation distance between
    two exits or exit access doors measured in accordance with 7.5.1.4 shall be not less than
    one-third the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the building or area to be
    served.
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


        NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
    Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
 16.2.5.2
 No dead-end corridor shall exceed 20 ft (6.1 m), other than in
  buildings protected throughout by an approved, supervised
  automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, in
  which case dead-end corridors shall not exceed 50 ft (15 m).
 16.2.5.3
 No common path of travel shall exceed 75 ft (23 m), other than
  for the first 100 ft (30 m) in a building protected throughout by
  an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in
  accordance with Section 9.7.
         LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
         OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


         NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
     Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
 16.2.6.2
 Travel distance shall meet the following criteria:
  (1) The travel distance between any room door intended as an exit access
  and an exit shall not exceed 100 ft (30 m).
  (2) The travel distance between any point in a room and an exit shall not
  exceed 150 ft (45 m).
  (3) The travel distance between any point in a sleeping room and an exit
  access door in that room shall not exceed 50 ft (15 m).
 Exception: The travel distance in 16.2.6.2(1) and (2) shall be permitted to be
  increased by 50 ft (15 m) in buildings protected throughout by an approved,
  supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7.
         LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
         OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


         NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
     Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
 16.2.11.1 Windows for Rescue.
 Every room or space normally subject to client occupancy, other than bathrooms, shall
  have not less than one outside window for emergency rescue that complies with the
  following:
  (1) Such windows shall be openable from the inside without the use of tools and shall
  provide a clear opening of not less than 20 in. (51 cm) in width, 24 in. (61 cm) in
  height, and 5.7 ft2 (0.53 m2) in area.
  (2) The bottom of the opening shall be not more than 44 in. (112 cm) above the floor.
  (3) The clear opening shall allow a rectangular solid, with a width and height that
  provides not less than the required 5.7-ft2 (0.53-m2) opening and a depth of not less
  than 20 in. (51 cm), to pass fully through the opening.
 Exception No. 1: This requirement shall not apply to buildings protected throughout
  by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7.
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


        NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
    Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
 16.3.6 Corridors.
 Every interior corridor shall be constructed of walls having not
  less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating in accordance with 8.2.3.
 Exception No. 2: In buildings protected throughout by an
  approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance
  with Section 9.7, corridor walls shall not be required to be rated,
  provided that such walls form smoke partitions in accordance
  with 8.2.4.
 “What about 16.3.4 - Detection, Alarm, and Communications
  Systems or 16.3.5 - Extinguishment Requirements?”
            LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
            OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


          NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
      Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
   16.3.4 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems.
   16.3.4.1 General.
    Day-care occupancies, other than day-care occupancies housed in one room, shall be provided with a fire
    alarm system in accordance with Section 9.6.
   16.3.4.2 Initiation.
    Initiation of the required fire alarm system shall be by manual means and by operation of any required
    smoke detectors and required sprinkler systems. (See 16.3.4.5.)
   16.3.4.3 Occupant Notification.
    16.3.4.3.1 Occupant notification shall be in accordance with 9.6.3.
    16.3.4.3.2 Positive alarm sequence shall be permitted in accordance with 9.6.3.4.
   16.3.4.4 Emergency Forces Notification.
    Fire department notification shall be accomplished in accordance with 9.6.4.
   16.3.4.5 Detection.
    A smoke detection system in accordance with Section 9.6 shall be installed in day-care occupancies, other
    than those housed in one room. Detectors shall be installed on each story in front of the doors to the
    stairways and in the corridors of all floors occupied by the day-care occupancy. Detectors also shall be
    installed in lounges, recreation areas, and sleeping rooms in the day-care occupancy.
       LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
       OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


        NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
    Chapter 16 - New Day Care Occupancy
 16.3.5 Extinguishment Requirements.
  Any required sprinkler systems shall be in accordance with
  Section 9.7.

 Neither of these sections require the automatic sprinkler system
  to be supervised - this is an example of why you need to have a
  better understanding of the codes as a whole! Code Savvy!
          LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
          OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY


 What if the building is not required to have a fire alarm system in
  accordance with the _.3.4 section of the occupancy chapter, but the building
  owner wishes to utilize a supervised automatic sprinkler system to enhance
  an architectural feature, what would be the minimum equipment to satisfy
  this requirement?
 The State Fire Marshal’s Office views these “supervised automatic
  sprinkler systems” as required fire alarm systems not providing occupant
  notification at the protected premise. Therefore, the following equipment
  would be required:
    Control Panel - Listed for the appropriate signaling system type,
       sprinkler supervision and waterflow.
    Manual pull station - See 101:9.6.2.5, required when the sprinkler
       system is down due to maintenance.
    Waterflow & tamper devices
    Smoke detector - See 72:1-5.6, required if the control panel is not
       located in a continuous occupied area.
 These systems can be submitted on the Fire Alarm Exemption Request Form
  pursuant to State Fire Marshal Memorandum 99-2.
         LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
         OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



 “What is the difference between an approved automatic
  sprinkler system and approved supervised automatic sprinkler
  system?”
  Supervised sprinkler systems are monitored for integrity by the fire alarm
  control panel, which transmit signals (supervisory, trouble and alarm) to a
  monitoring facility.
 “How does the sprinkler system affect my fire alarm system
  design?”
  The supervisory requirements of NFPA 101 would prohibit the fire alarm
  signaling system type to be a protected premises or local.
 “How do I know that the sprinkler is required to be
  supervised?”
  Get a copy of the architectural review or ask the design professional.
         LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
         OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY



 “Is it acceptable to chain open the main supply valve as
  prescribed in NFPA 13 and meet the intent of a supervised
  system?”
  No! The requirements of 101:9.7.2.1 stipulates that the where a supervised
  automatic sprinkler system is required by another section of the code, the
  supervisory attachments shall be installed and monitored in accordance
  with NFPA 72.
 “If my fire alarm system is connected to the building sprinkler
  system, is it then automatically required to transmit off site to a
  monitoring facility?”
  No! Only if other sections of the code require the sprinkler system to be
  supervised.

				
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