Poverty, Growth, Employment, and Income Distribution in Yemen 1998 - PowerPoint

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					Poverty, Growth, Employment,
  and Income Distribution in
    Yemen 1998-2005/6

            Regional Workshop & CoP Meeting on
 Poverty Reduction, Capacity Development & Local Governance
              Sharm El-Sheik 4 September 2007
•First Report in LDC
•Based on two Household Surveys
•Important functions of the study:
  – Overall scope, distribution and underlying
  – Key correlates to poverty and how some
  correlates determine and affect poverty
  – Analytical base for evaluation of some
  public programmes
      Status of Poverty
Poverty decreased from 1998 to 2005
             1998      2005/6
             %         %
  National   40.13     34.78

  Urban      32.29     20.70

  Rural      42.49     40.09
  Status of Poverty            Continued

Poverty concentrated in rural areas
             Urban     Rural
             %         %
Population   27.4      72.6

Poor         16.3      83.7
      Status of Poverty          Continued

• Disparities in poverty distribution
among governorates and regions
• Growth was not pro-poor in rural areas
• In urban areas poverty fall due to large
         Poverty Mapping
Consumption was used to measure
welfare including:

• Food and non-food items
• Cash and in-kind items
• Value of home produced goods
• Rental value of owner occupied houses
         Poverty Mapping                    continued

              Constructing poverty line

• Based on Household Budget Survey 1998 – 2005/6

• Additional areas in 2005/6 survey
   – Price information at community level
   – Health conditions
   – Access to basic and social services
   – Access to credit
   – Labour market conditions

• Strong regional focus
      Poverty Mapping        continued

      Construction of Poverty Line

• Food Poverty Line
• Lower Poverty Line
• Upper Poverty Line
      Poverty Mapping         continued

    Overall Poverty inequality 2005/6

• Expenditure distribution unequal: urban
has high per capita exp. 41 % compared
to 31.6
• Poverty dimension different between
• Large poverty difference between
       Poverty Mapping          continued

Evolution of Poverty

• 1998 to 2005/6
• Availability of market and unit prices of
food and non-food items
              Poverty Profile
                 Attempts to answer:

•Who is at risk?
•Who are the poor?

                     in terms of
• Education level
• Employment characteristics
• Demographic characteristics
• Housing conditions
• Income sources
       Poverty Profile         continued

Education   Illiterate                53%
Level       Read and write          23.8%
            Basic education           8.2%
            Diploma                   5.9%
            Secondary                 7.3%
            Intermediate              0.8 %
            University level          1.1%
            and above
      Correlates of Poverty
• Assess impacts of particular factor,
keeping other factors constant
• Effect of policy interventions

   – Female heads households
   – Person Loosing of job
   – Wage worker in agriculture rather than non-
   – Level of education
              Case Study Team
• Core Team
    – Heba El Laithy (Cairo University)
    – Khaled Abu-Ismail (Macroeconomics and Poverty Reduction Policy
    Advisor, UNDP, SURF-AS Beirut)
•UNDP Country Office Team
    – Abdo Seif, PO, Task Coordinator
    – Mohammad Pournik (Senior Economist)
• Advisory Team
    – Amin Mohie Al-Din, Chairman of CSO, GoY
    – Flavia Pansieri, UNDP RR
    – Srinivasan Thirumalai, Senior Economist, WB Country Office
    – Yahya Al-Mutawakel, Former Deputy Minister, MoPIC, GoY

• Support Team
    – Dina Magdy (Research Assistant)
    – Jenniger El Mattrawy (Editor)