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					Commercial Solar




     Dale A. Gulden
                      1
Road Map

   The following is a Solar Road Map that
    will guide you through some of the
    questions that arise when considering
    solar energy for your business or a
    commercial building office space, retail
    location, or recreational or educational
    facility.

                                2
          Solar Thermal

   Uses the sun’s energy to heat water.

   There are many systems to consider -- all with
    proven track records.

   This is an attractive, sensible and efficient use of
    solar for your facility.


                                      3
Commercial Solar Thermal Introduction

Solar thermal on the roof of
your business means
slimmer energy bills and
greater energy
independence. It also makes
a statement that your
business is forward-thinking
and environmentally
conscious.



                               4
The following information is designed to help you take the
next step in Commercial Solar Thermal for your office
building or retail space, whether you just want to learn
what a solar thermal system looks like or you’re ready to
find an installer near you




                                              5
Commercial Solar Thermal Costs,
Paybacks and Maintenance

 Cost
   Rather than spreading energy payments over a long
   period of time, as we do with natural gas or electricity, a
   solar system places all the costs up front. From there, the
   sun doesn’t charge for its energy. These costs will be
   greatly reduced by Tax Credits and available State
   Rebate programs (covered later)




                                             6
 Payback
  Payback is dependent upon how much of the total hot
  water bill is offset and the local cost of gas or electricity.
  For large commercial buildings with good solar exposure
  and nonfreezing conditions year-round, payback times
  can be as short as 18 months. For smaller retail and
  office buildings, payback times could be as long as 6-10
  years. When the various incentives are applied the
  paybacks become very compelling.


Maintenance
   Maintenance for these solar thermal systems is typically
   very low and somewhat higher in freeze zone areas.




                                              7
Commercial Solar Thermal Successes


                South Face
                Atlanta, GA

                • Solar water heater generates 50
                gallons of hot water daily

                • More than 50 percent of the office’s hot
                water needs are met with the solar system




                                  8
                                    Building 850, US Navy
                                    Port Hueneme, CA

                                    Renovations to this 17,000
                                    square foot office building
                                    began with numerous solar
                                    thermal collectors.


Solar water heating offsets the need for conventional water heating,
helping the building to realize a 55 percent reduction in energy use.




                                                   9
Solar Electric, or Photovoltaic (PV)
systems, generate electricity from the sun and
represent the vanguard of renewable and
pollution-free energy.




                             US Department of Energy
                             High Performance Building initiative




                                           10
 Commercial Photovoltaic Introduction
If you occupy an energy efficient commercial space and
want to make the jump to the forefront of environmental
technology, then a photovoltaic system could be for you.
With PV on your building, shoppers, clients and visitors will
associate your shop or brand with environmental
responsibility and forward-thinking.

      While upfront costs are
substantial, business owners
      are recognizing that the
    benefits of photo voltaics
  often outweigh these costs



                                              11
         Commercial Photovoltaic Options
            There are a few different types of photovoltaic (PV) cells
            produced under many different brand names, but the most
            important thing to know is PV uses sunlight to generate a
            direct electrical current. If you are using a PV system on a
            commercial property you will want it to be “grid-connected,” so
            that your building can run on conventional grid electricity
            when sunlight is insufficient.


First step toward owning a grid-connected
photovoltaic system:

Assess your rooftop or property for an area that receives
direct sunlight for a minimum of six hours on a sunny day.
This area should face due south or could be flat in the
southern portions of the US and Caribbean


                                                             12
   A Grid-Connected Commercial PV System

This system
 Generates usable AC current
after passing through the inverter

 Is connected to the
conventional electricity grid

 Simply offsets energy that
Would normally come in through
the conventional grid with clean
solar energy

 Can send (and sell) power back to the grid if it is generating more than
the home requires and the local power company accepts cogeneration.



                                                      13
Commercial Photovoltaic Costs,
Paybacks and Maintenance

 Cost
   When solar manufacturers and installers talk about costs,
   they usually speak in terms of dollars per installed watt
   ($/W).

   Bigger systems cost fewer dollars per watt, but always
   cost more in absolute terms.




                                           14
How much will my system cost up front?
Typically, commercial PV systems are installed at around
$8-10 per watt. The larger the system, the closer your
system will lean toward the $8 price point.




                       Conclusion: installing a larger
                       system is pricey up front, but is
                       almost always more cost-effective.




                                          15
 Payback
  Considering current market conditions, it’s probably best
  to think about solar electric systems as an investment in
  energy security and environmental responsibility, as
  opposed to a purely financial investment. By owning a
  solar array and generating clean electricity, you become
  part of the energy Solution. If your customers see this, it
  might increase their loyalty to your establishment

  Paybacks are largely more long term than solar thermal.
  But are most greatly influenced by rebates and tax credit
  subsidies, and business depreciation tax accounting
  methods. Commercial lease programs or long term
  financing may be a great vehicle for the making for good
  paybacks or returns on investment.




                                            16
 Maintenance
Maintenance is really not an issue for PV systems. A good
installer should not have to come back out for system
maintenance.




                                            17
Commercial Photovoltaic Successes


                 Georgia Skin and Cancer
                   Clinic
                 Savannah, GA - 2006
                 •
                     12.6 kW SunPower array, grid-
                        connected
                 •
                     Electricity generated is sold back to
                        Savannah Electric for 15¢/kWh




                                   18
BP Gas Stations
Across the US, including Cumming and Atlanta, GA



                                  Average solar station
                                 boasts an array of 220
                                 roof-mounted solar panels

                                  These PV arrays can
                                 supply as much as 40% of
                                 the daytime energy needs




                                      19
Cambria Office Building
Ebensburg, PA

                           14 kW PV array on the
                          south-facing roof, plus 2 pole-
                          mounted, sun-tracking PV
                          arrays

                           Excess solar electricity that
                          is generated during peak
                          sunlight hours, is sold back to
                          a local power company, Green
                          Mountain Energy, at a
                          premium price. This helps
                          offset system costs


                                20
The BigHorn Home Improvement Center
Silverthorne, CO
                      9 kW integrated PV system will
                     provide 25 percent of electrical
                     needs of this energy efficient
                     building

                      Thin-film PV is discreetly
                     laminated onto the metal roof
                     panels on south-facing roofs of
                     the building

                      Electricity produced over the
                     amount used by the building is
                     sold back to the utility at the same
                     rate the utility sells electricity

                               21
4 Times Square
New York City, NY the “Green Giant


                                      Photovoltaic system
                                     supplies peak power of 15kW
                                     in addition to 200kW provided
                                     by hydrogen fuel cells

                                      PV panels are highly
                                     integrated into the building
                                     façade




                                           22
Sevananda Natural Foods Co-op
Little Five Points, Atlanta, GA


                                   2.9 kW photovoltaic system

                                   Cost of installation was
                                  mitigated by 43 participants
                                  willing to pay $5 a month for
                                  the year as part of a
                                  “Community Green Power
                                  Program”




                                        23
  EPAct2005: Tax Credit Opportunities for
       Solar and Energy Efficiency
EPAct 2005 is the first effort of the United States government to
address U.S. energy policy since the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

 Provides Tax credits for highly efficient commercial buildings

 In many cases, multiple tax incentives may be claimed.

 Offers tax credits to businesses for solar energy systems.
    •    For solar hot water systems, the allowable tax credit is 30%
         of the qualified solar system expenditures (No Cap).
    •    For solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, the allowable tax credit
         is 30% of the qualified PV system expenditure (also No Cap).



                                                24
EPAct2005: Tax Credit Opportunities for
     Solar and Energy Efficiency
     Businesses may claim tax credits for either or both
    types of solar systems.

     The incentives apply to equipment placed in service
    during 2006-2007

     The bill substantially increases the business investment
    tax credit

     Offers business taxpayers a deduction of $1.80 per
    square foot for commercial buildings that achieve a 50%
    reduction in annual energy cost to the user

    New Construction also eligible
                                       25
New Federal Tax Legislation to have other
             buyer benefits

The newly introduced "Securing America's Energy
Independence Act" is the largest, most important solar energy
legislation ever introduced in this country
The bi-partisan legislation would make America's energy
future a lot brighter by making solar energy more affordable
across the country. In many states, solar would be cheaper
than buying electricity from the grid!

The bill extends the 30% federal solar investment tax credit and
Grants businesses a 3 year rapid depreciation schedule for solar
purchases


                                           26
                Florida's Energy Act
Applications for Solar Incentives Are Now Available

The Department of Environmental Protection has announced
the availability of applications for rebates and tax credits for
purchase and installation of new solar equipment. For
homeowners who have watched their rising electricity bills in
recent months, this is good news.
Florida Businesses or commercial properties who have
installations of a solar water heating systems can now receive
rebates of up to $5000 (calculated at $15 per 1000 Btu per
day).
Also available are rebates for purchase and installation of
photovoltaic systems for solar-generated electricity
(Calculated at $4.00 per rated Watt). Rebates will be allowed
at a maximum of $100,000.
                                             27
          Proposed future changes to
            Florida Solar Incentives
Florida’s Governor, Crist, emphasizes climate and energy in
State of the State address:

An Excerpt form the governors’ state of the state address:
“We can take the first bold steps in moving toward alternative fuels
and other alternative sources of energy. I have proposed almost 70
million dollars in my budget to foster the development and use of
alternative energy sources and fuels in our state”, including solar
power for our homes.

There is no reason why, as Commissioner Bronson has pointed out,
that the Sunshine state cannot be the national leader in the
production of alternative energy. With these measured steps, we
can begin to achieve three important goals: addressing global
climate change, promoting Florida agriculture, and weaning our
country from reliance on foreign oil."
                                                28
   Current renewable energy issues in front of
              the Florida legislature
 A requirement for the Florida Energy Commission to study net metering

 Strengthening the Solar Rights Law to include condominiums

 House Energy Committee held a workshop on Renewable Portfolio
  Standards (RPS).that would require public utilities to comply with an
  RPS goal of five percent by 2020.

 That the definition of renewable energy, should be modified by
  changing electrical energy to energy which would allow the use
  of solar thermal

 Establish a rebate pre-approval program to require the Public
  Service Commission (PSC) to adopt rules requiring net metering,
  increase the rebate funding program to $5 million and establish a
  separate appropriation for publicizing solar PV

                                              29
         RECS (renewable energy credits)
        Green Tags - A Tradable commodity

 A commodity that represents the environmental attributes
(emissions reductions) of electricity from clean renewable
energy sources including, solar electric, and solar thermal

 They can be metered, certified, and sold on the open market
by brokers and create a source of income from solar installations




                                           30
   Any Questions?




Dale A. Gulden
Ceo, Solar Direct
Tel: 800.333.WARM   Web: www.SolarDirect.com
                         BuildGreen.SolarDirect.com




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