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					                Gubernatorial Campaign Expenditures Database

                                      Codebook




This codebook contains the abbreviations, sources, and political and other annotations
for the data contained in the Gubernatorial Campaign Expenditures Database, compiled
by Thad Beyle and Jennifer M. Jensen. We urge you to examine this codebook when
you use the database, paying particularly close attention to any annotations for any
given election.




This codebook was compiled by Thad Beyle of the University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill and Jennifer M. Jensen of Binghamton University (SUNY), with assistance from
Rachelle Fernandes (University at Albany, SUNY) and Jenny Li (Binghamton University).
                                                                Party Abbreviations


                                  MAIN LEGEND

Election Abbreviations Common to Each Year

CPV = Cost per vote
DP = Democratic primary
G=     General election
NR = No record or no report
P=     Primary
T=     Total expenditures
TV = Total vote cast
RU = Run-off election
WI or wi = write-in candidate


Party Affiliation Abbreviations

[ ] = As appears in

A     American                               D      Democrat
AC    American Constitution                  DET    Determination
ACP   A Connecticut Party                    DFL    Democrat Farmer-Labor
ADP   A Delaware Party                       DN     Dinosaur
AGP   Alaska Green Party                     ER     Earth Rights
AI    American Independent [2002]            FE     Free Energy [Hawaii]
AIP   American Independent Party??           FLIB   Free Libertarian
      (CA 1974)                              FNJ    Free New Jersey
AKI   Alaska Independent                     G      Green
ALO Aloha Democrat                           GI     Green Independent
AM    American Party                         GR     Grass Roots [1990]
AMI    American Independent [1978            GR     Green party [1994 1998 2002
      1982 1986 1990 1998 2003]                     2003 2004]
BEP   Blue Enigma Party (DE)                 GSR Grassroots [1994]
BP    Best Party                             HG     Honest Government
C     Conservative                           I      Independent
CC    Concerned Citizens                     I (fd) Independent, former Democrat
CIT   Citizens                               IA     Independent American
CM    Communist                              I-D    Independent-Democrat
CMO Cool Moose                               IF     Independent Fusion
COM Communist                                IHT    Independent-High Tech
CON Constitutional                           IL     Illinois Solidarity 1986
CONSU Consumers                              IL     Independent LaRoushite [1993]
CP    Colorado Prohibition [1990 1994]       InAm ?????Nevada
CP    Constitutional Party [2002]            INDC Independence
CRE Cheap Renewable Energy                   IP     Independent Party
CST   Constitution [1982]                    IR     Independent Republican
Cst   Constitutional [2000, 2004]            IS     Illinois Solidarity
CU    Consumer Party                         JI     Jeffersonian Independent



                                         2
                                                        Occupation Abbreviations


L      Liberal [1994 1998]                      1986]
L      Libertarian [1992 1996 1997        POP Populist
       2001 2007]                         POV People of Vermont
LB     Libertarian                        PR    Progressive [Vermont]
LF     Labor and Farm                     R     Republican
LIB    Libertarian                        R92   Reform 92
LRU    La Raza Unita                      REF   Reform
LU     Liberty Union                      RJF   Restore Justice, Freedom-VT
LWR    LaRouche Was Right                 RM    Republican Moderate
MJ     Marijuana                          RTL   Right to Life
MML  Make Marijuana Legal-VT              S     ???? (Boyers - AL) [1982]
MOD  Republican Moderate                  S     Socialist [1998 2001]
MP   Mountain Party [WV]                  SA    Savings Account [1978]
MTN  Mountain [WV 2004]                   SA    Stop Abortion [1990]
MRF  Marijuana Reform                     SL    Socialist Labor
N    No Party                             SOC Socialist
NA   New Alliance                         SOCW Socialist Workers [1982]
Nat  Natural Law                          SW    Socialist Workers [1978 1980
NATS National Statesman                         1984 1986 1990 1992 1994 1996
NDPA National Democratic Party of               1998 2001 2002]
     Alabama                              TAX Taxpayers [1982]
NEUT Nutrist Party                        TCN Tax Cut Now
NL   Natural Law [1992 1994 1996          TEA   Tea Party '78
     2000 2002]                           TLC   Term Limits candidate
NL   Natural Law                          TXP   Taxpayers [1994 1998]
NL   Natural Life [1998]                  U     Un enrolled
NP   Non-Partisan                         UN    Unity [1982]
NRA Nutritional Rights Alliance           UNT Unity [1998]
O    Other                                USLP United States Labor Party
O    Owl Party (WA 1976)                  UST U.S. Taxpayers
P    Political [1990]                     USTM US Tax Party of Michigan
P    Prohibition [1978 1982]              VG    Vermont Grassroots
P&F  Peace and Freedom [1998 2003]        VTLOC Vermont Localist
PC     Personal Choice                    WI    Write-in candidate
PAC    Pacific                            WL    Workers League
PAT    Patriot                            WVR WV Reform
PF     Peace and Freedom [1990]           WW Workers World
PFP    Peace and Freedom [1978 1982

PC     Personal Choice
wi     write-in candidate


Occupation Abbreviations

?      Unknown                            acgp   art, computer graphics professor
a      artisan                            acm    aircraft mechanic
ac     accountant                         aco    aviation company owner


                                      3
                                                          Occupation Abbreviations


act  actor                                   bmfo body and muffler shop owner
act  activist (area)                         bnk  banker
ad   auto dealer [1978 1982 1986             bo   bakery owner
     1990 1992]                              bo   business owner (type)
Ad   advocate (area) [1998]                  bom  boilermaker
ado  auto dealership owner                   bp   bank president
ads  advertising salesman                    bto  baseball team owner
adv  advocate (type or area)                 buc  bus contractor
ae   advertising executive                   bud  bus driver
afm  automobile fleet manager                buo  business owner
ag   attorney general                        bvd  burial vault dealer
agc  agriculture commissioner                ca   county activist
am   academic                                car  carpenter
an   analyst (type)                          cat  county attorney (county)
ao   academic official (institution)         cc   construction contractor
ap   airline pilot                           ccc  city council chairman (city)
apd  auto parts dealer                       cce  computer company owner
arch architect                               ccfa chemical company financial
as   auto salesman                                analyst
aso  aviation service owner                  cco  construction company owner
at   artist                                  ccp  city council president (city)
ata  anti tax activist                       ccp  community college professor
au   auditor genera                          ce   county executive (county)
aud  auditor (type)l                         Ce   county executive (county)
auc  automobile consultant                   ceo  chief executive officer
aup  auto parts manufacturer                 cg   correctional guard
aut  author                                  cha  Confederate heritage activist
avt  aviation technician                     chir chiropractor
aw   auto worker                             choe charity organization employee
awap artist, writer, astrologist, poet       cip  city planner
aws  auto wholesaler                         cja  criminal justice administrator
b    businessman                             cle  coal and lumber executive
ba   barber                                  cmce communications company
bak  baker                                        executive
bar  bartender                               cmd commercial designer
bb   business broker                         Cmf  commercial fisherman
bc   business consultant                     cn   U.S. Representative
bcw  blue collar worker                      co   chemical executive
bd   builder                                 coc  construction company owner
bdc  building contractor                     coc  county commissioner (county)
bee  beekeeper                               cocp county council president
bex  business executive                           (county)
bf   banker, farmer                          cof  county official
bi   building inspector                      col  columnist
bl   bricklayer                              com comedian
bm   Baptist minister (NC 1976)              Comc computer consultant
bm   business manager [1990]                 Con  contractor (type)
bm   brick mason [1999]                      cook a cook



                                         4
                                                           Occupation Abbreviations


cop    coal operator                         edv    economic developer
cos    county supervisor (county)            ee     electrical engineer
cou    counselor                             eec    engineering and electronics
cp     computer programmer                          consultant
cpc    county party chairman (county)        efe    engineering firm executive
cpw    chemical plant worker                 efp    employment firm owner
cra    civil rights activist                 ege    education group executive
crl    civil rights lawyer                   ehs    economist and home school
cs     Constitutional statesman (sic!)              advocate
Csbe   chairman, state board of              ele    electrician
       education                             ena    environmental activist
cse    computer store owner                  enc    environmental consultant
cso    clothing company owner                enco   energy conservation company
csw    casino worker                                owner
ct     consultant (area)                     eng    engineer
cta    city attorney                         ent    entrepreneur
Cte    consulting company consultant         Env    environmentalist
Ctf    conservative think tank founder       es     engineer or salesman
Cto    city official (area)                  esco   ecology service company owner
Ctp    county prosecutor (County)            et     electronics technician
ctt    chiropractor, tree topper             ete    ex-telecommunications employee
ctw    community worker                      etr    entertainer
cu     custodian                             ew     evangelist and writer
cve    civil engineer                        exc    excavator
cw     construction worker                   exd    exotic dancer
da     district attorney (location)          exr    executive recruiter
dai    district attorney inspector           f      farmer
dci    discrimination complaint              fa     financial consultant/planner
       investigator                          fa     financial advisor
dco    drug store chain owner                faag   former assistant attorney general
Dec    died during the campaign              faag   former assistant/associate
dev    developer                                    attorney general
dh     dental hygienist                      face   factory quality control employee
di     dietician                             fae    former airline employee
dj     disk jockey                           faex   former airline executive
dlv    driver's license examiner             fag    former state attorney general
dm     dispute mediator                      fam    former U.S. ambassador
dn     dentist                                      (country)
dsd    dental supply company owner           Fast   former astronaut
dui    convicted three time dui felon        fau    former state auditor or auditor
       and "political prisoner"                     general
e      engineer (type)                       faw    former auto worker
ead    educational administrator             fbd    former bus driver
ebe    entrepreneur business executive       fbo    fence business owner
ec     electrical contractor                 fc     family counselor
ecn    economist                             fc     former commissioner (agency)
ed     educator (type)                       fca    former congressional aid
Edc    education consultant                  fcaj   former court of appeals judge



                                         5
                                                              Occupation Abbreviations


fcbo   floor covering business owner           flg     former lieutenant governor
fcc    former city councilman (city)           flib    former life insurance broker
fcj    former county judge (County)            flg     former lieutenant governor
fcjsc  former justice, state supreme           flj     freelance journalist
       court                                   flm     film maker
fcm    former city manager                     flo     flying service owner
fcn    former U.S. Representative              flog    retired logger
fcnd former candidate (office/year)            flr     freelance reseacher
fcNJdep former commissioner--NJ                flw     freelance writer
        Department of Environmental            fm      former mayor (city)
        Protection                             fmn     former minister
fco     food company owner                     fmo     former moving company owner
fcoc    former county commissioner             fnc     former U.S. Representative
        (county)                               fnp     former newspaper publisher
fcos    former gubernatorial chief of          foc     former Olympics chief (year)
        staff (governor)                       for     forest ranger
fcp     former college president               fou     founder of organization (org)
fcpa    former county prosecuting              fp      financial planner
        attorney                               fpc     former party chairman
fcpc    former county party chairman           fpc     former state party chairman
        (county)                               fpco    foam products company owner
fcs     former county sheriff                  fpi     fire & police instructor
fcsc    former city schools chief (city)       fpl     former police chief (city)
fd      former diplomat                        fpl     former party leader (position)
fda     former district attorney               fpli    former president of Lions
fde     former drug store executive                    International
fdv     former developer                       fpo     former state party official
fec     former executive councilor                     (position) [other, 2004]
fed     former cropduster                      fpo     former police officer
fei     former economics instructor            Fpsy    former psychiatrist
ffa     former US attorney                     fr      former rancher
ffb     former U.S. assistant attorney         fra     farmer/rancher
        general                                frb     former radio broadcaster
ffo     former federal official                frh     former radio talk show host
        (department)                                   and/or political commentator
ffp     firefighter paramedic                  frnc    former Republican Party National
fg      former governor                                Chairman
fga     former governor's aide                 frs     fund raiser
        (governor)                             fs      food service
fgc     former guidance counselor              fsa     former state administrator
fhe     home economist                                 (agency)
fho     former state highway official          fsag    former senior asst. attorney
fhw     former hospital worker                         general
fib     former investment banker               fsau    former state auditor
fic     former insurance commiss.              fsc     former state party chairman
fj      former appeals court judge             fsccp   former state chamber of
fj      former judge                                   commerce president
flc     former labor commissioner



                                           6
                                                          Occupation Abbreviations


fscj  former state supreme court             fup   former university
      justice                                      president/chancellor (where)
fscm former state comptroller                fus   former U.S. senator
fscs  former Senate chief of staff           fusa former U.S. attorney
fsd   former state auditor                   fusag former U.S. Attorney General
fsdc former state Democratic Party                 (administration)
      Chairman                               fusg former U.S. assistant attorney
fDNCch former DNC chair                            general
fse   former state employee (agency)         fusl  former U.S. Labor Commissioner
fsf   former sheriff (county)                      (administration)
fsg   former state game commissioner         fuss former US senator
fshl  former state house leader [role]       fw    factory worker
fsj   former state supreme court             fwd   film writer, director
      justice                                fwha former White House aide
fsj   former supreme court judge                   (president)
fsk   former speaker of the house            fwho foremer White House official
fsl   former state legislator                      (position)
fso   former state official (agency)         ga    gay activist
fso   state official (area)                  gco   golf course owner
fsos  former secretary of state              gen   genealogist
fsp    former state party official           Ghbo garbage hauling business owner
      (office)                               gm    garbageman
fspk former speaker of the House             Govcand gubernatorial candidate (year)
fsr   former state representative            gp    golf professional
fsrl  former state representative            gr    grocer
      leader (position)                      gro   grocery store owner
fss   former state senator                   gsa   gas station attendent
fssl  former state senate leader             gso   gas station owner
      (position)                             gsp   gun show producer
fst   former state treasurer                 h     handyman
fst   former secretary of state              hb    home builder
fsu   former superintendent of public        hcdd healthcare district director
      instruction                            hce   health care company executive
ft    former teacher                         hcp   home care professional
fta   former trade association               he    home economist
      executive                              hem hospital equipment manufacturer
ftd   former truck driver                    heqm heavy equipment mechanic
ftdn former topless dancer                   heqw heavy equipment worker
fto   former state transportation            hm    homemaker
      official                               Hmo hosiery mill owner
fto   former transportation official         ho    hotel owner
ftx   former state tax commissioner          hop   hotel operator
fuc   former state utilities                 hp    house painter
      commissioner                           hsa   hospital supplies aide
fue   former U.S. government                 hso   hat shop owner
      employee (agency)                      hw    housewife
fuo   former U.S. government official        hwso hardware store owner
      (agency)                               i     incumbent governor



                                         7
                                                                Occupation Abbreviations


i      incumbent                                  lus  losing U.S. senate candidate
ia     incumbent - acting governor                     (year)
ib     investment broker                          m    mayor (city)
ibb    investor                                   m&b math and biostatistician
ic     investment counselor                       ma   manufacturing aid
ica    insurance claims adjuster                  mac machinist
ico    investment firm CEO                        manc management consultant
igw    incumbent governor's wife                  mb   mortgage broker
imm    insurance, marketing,                      mc   marketing coordinator
       management                                 mce motor club executive
imp    importerine - insurance                    mco machine company owner
       executive                                  mcr  motorcycle repairman
ina    insurance agent                            mec mechanic
inc    insurance commissioner                     med mediator
ind    industrialist                              mem mining explosives manufacturer
ine    insurance executive                        mfr  manufacturers representative
insc   insurance commissioner                     mft  marriage and family therapist
inv    inventor                                   mgte management consulting firm
isb    investment securities broker                    executive
itm    information technology manage              min  minister
j      journalist                                 mis  music instrument salesman
kkk    Ku Klux Klan leader                        mla  marijuana legalization advocate
l      lawyer                                     mll  marijuana legalization attorney
la     landscape architect                        mno mobile home park, nudist camp
lab    laborer                                         owner
lad    Lafayette advocate                         mo   machine operator
lal    labor official                             mot  motel owner
lao    local administrative official (area)       mp   meat packer
law    lawyer                                     msco music retail chain owners
lc     land commissioner                          mso music store owner
lco    lawn care company owner                    mt   medical technician
lcp    lumber company president                   mu   musician
le     locomotive engineer                        mus musician
lec    lecturer                                   mvp movie producer
lg     lieutenant governor                        mw   millwright
lgca   lieutenant governor candidate              n    nurse
       appointed to take place of                 na   not available
       gubernatorial candidate who                neu  neurologist
       died                                       nm   nurseryman
lib    librarian                                  nne  news network executive
ll     lawyer, lobbyist                           np   newspaper publisher
lo     logger                                     npc  nuclear power critic
lob    lobbyist                                   npe  nuclear plant employee
lpr    landscaper                                 npex non-profit executive
lra    LaRoushite activist                        npp  newspaper printer
lra    Lyndon LaRouche activist                   nss  Nuclear test site line supervisor
ls     law student                                nu   nutritionist
lte    leadership training entrepreneur           oa   Olympics advisor



                                              8
                                                              Occupation Abbreviations


oce    oil/petroleum company executive          prd   producer
ocm    Ocean City manager?????                  prdw  production worker
ogb    oil and gas broker                       pre   public relations executive
oic    oil industry consultant                  prf   professor (field)
opt    optometrist                              prm   printer minister
p      preacher/minister                        pro   local prosecutor (county)
pa     pathologist                              psc   public service commissioner
pba    professor of business                    psc   public service commission
       administration                                 chairman
pbo    private business owner                   pst   political science teacher
pc     perennial candidate                      psy   professor of psychology
pc     perennial or frequent candidate          psyc psychologist
pcd    power company director                   psych psychiatrist
pce    printing company employee                psyt psychotherapist
pclo pet cryonics lab owner                     pt    painter
pcs    power company supervisor                 ptr   painter
pf     prize fighter                            pua   public activist
pfw    former professional wrestler             pub   publisher
ph     physician (type)                         publ publicist (where)
phex pharmacy executive                         puc   public utilities commissioner
phil   philosopher                              puc   state public utility commissioner
phn    physician                                pzo   Pizza Hut chain owner
phs    prefabricated-house salesman             qce   quality control engineer
phw packing house worker                        qci   quality control investigator
phy    physicist                                r     retired
pi     private investigator                     ra    rancher
pil    pilot                                    rab   rancher, businessman
pip    private investigator and process         ract  retired accountant
       server                                   rae   retired army officer and engineer
pj     photo journalist                         ram   retired auto mechanic
pl     planter                                  rangc retired Air National Guard
plb    planter and business executive                 Colonel
plg    paralegal                                rb    retired banker
plum plumber                                    rbc   retired bank chairman
pm     property manager - poet                  rbd   retired businesswoman and
pm     property manager                               dancer (Ziegfield Follies)
pmco plastics manufacturing plant               rbs   retired business person
       worker                                   rc    retired contractor
poa    political activist (cause or type)       rcc   retired construction contractor
polorg political organizer                      rce   retired civil engineer
pos    perennial office seeker                  rcf   retired commercial fisherman
ppf    pipefitter                               rcj   retired circuit judge
pph    professor/physician                      rcm   retired coal miner
pppw potato plant processing worker             rco   restaurant chain owner
pps    public policy strategist                 rcp   retired carpenter
pr     park ranger                              rcrt  retired cartographer
prc    public relations-consultant              rcs   retired car salesman
prce payroll company executive                  rcsm retired civil service manager



                                            9
                                                               Occupation Abbreviations


rcsv    retired civil servant                    rse    retired systems engineer
rct     retired architect                        rsem   retired state employee
rcw     retired construction worker              rsex   retail supplies executive
rcy     recycling company owner                  rsf    retired stevedore; poultry farmer
re      retired engineer                         rsh    radio show host
rea     real estate agent/broker                 rsm    retired state employee
rea     realtor                                  rso    retail store owner (type)
reap    real estate appraiser                    rst    restaurant owner
reb     real estate broker                       rst    retired state trooper
red     real estate developer                    rsw    retired steel worker
rei     real estate investor                     rt     retired teacher
ret     retailer (type)                          rtfe   retired trucking firm executive
ret     retired electronics technician           rtm    retired television meteorologist
rf      retired farmer                           rto    race track owner
rfa     retired federal agent                    rtvp   radio and television producer
rfe     restaurant franchise executive           s      singer
rfg     refrigerator repairman                   sa     state auditor
rfm     refrigerator salesman                    sad    singer and dancer
rfr     retired fireman                          sb     stock broker
rfs     retired fire engine salesman             sbd    school bus driver
rgsc    retired grocery stock clerk              sbo    small business owner
ri      retired inventor                         sbp    school board president
ria     retired intelligence agent               sbw    small business woman
rmch    retired machinist                        sc     security consultant
rml     retired military (branch, rank)          sca    student, conservative activist
rmn     retired miner                            sci    scientist (type)
rmo     retired military officer (branch)        scm    state comptroller
rmp     retired meat packer                      sde    systems designer, engineering
rn      retired nurse                                   co.
rne     retired newspaper editor                 se     state employee
rng     retired national guardsman               seb    solar energy businessman
rp      radio producer                           sec    state executive council member
rpath   research pathologist                     seh    self employed handyman
rpg     rancher, pecan grower                    sep    self employed publisher
rpl     retired power lineman                    ses    solar energy specialist
rpm     retired property manager                 shl    state house leader (position)
rpmg    rental property manager                  shml   state house majority leader
rpo     retired police officer                          [1982 1986]
rpp     retired police chief and pilot           shnl   state house minority leader
rpr     retired professor                               [1986 2000]
rra     religious right activist                 sho    state hearing officer
rrc     railroad commissioner                    shs    state human services
rre     railroad employee                               commissioner
rrm     radiator repairman                       sic    state insurance commissioner
rrsw    railroad switchman                       skbo   ski business owner
rs      retired surgeon                          slc    state house leader
rsbo    retired small-business owner             slc    state labor commissioner
rscj    retired supreme court justice            slr    sales representative



                                            10
                                                             Occupation Abbreviations


sm     salesman/sales representative           t      teacher (type)
       (type)                                  tc     tribal chairman
smo supermarket owner                          tco    timber company owner
smw sheet metal worker                         td     truck driver
snr    state director of natural               te     theatre employee
       resources                               telo   telecommunicationsbusiness
so     salvage operator                               owner
soa    social architect                        telx   telecommunications executive
sos    secretary of state                      tgp    tourism guide publisher
spc    state party chairman                    tia    teacher, industrial arts
spcp surgical products company                 tlc    Texas land commissioner
       president                               tle    tourist lodge employee
spi    state superintendent of public          to     tavern owner
       instruction                             tpo    trailer park operator
spk    speaker of the house (co holder)        tpp    tractor pull promoter
spk    speaker of the house                    trs    trash collector
spkr speaker of the state house                ts     tree surgeon
spm satellite project manager                  tse    temporary services executive
sr     state representative                    tso    truck stop operator
sr     state representative (delegate)         tss    talent scout/salesman
src    state railroad commissioner             tvd    travel director
srl    state house leader                      tvp    television producer
ss     state senator                           tvwp television writer, producer
ss     state senator*                          txc    tax consultant
sscr   social security claims                  txs    textile salesman
       representative                          u      unemployed
sse    state superintendent of                 uad    college/university administrator
       education                                      (type)
ssl    state senate leader (maj =              uc     university chancellor (Stephens
       majority leader; min = minority                Point)
       leader)                                 ucb     former university
ssl    state senate leader (position)                 chancellor/businessman
ssml state senate majority leader              ucd    used car dealer
ssn    state senator - Party                   uno     undercover narcotics officer
sso    shoe store owner                        up     university president
ssp    state senate president                  ur     university regent
ssp    silk screen painter                     urc    board of regents chairman
ssp    state senate president                  urdc urban redevelopment consultant
st     state treasurer                         us     university staffer
sto    state official (area)                   usi    former secretary of U.S.
sto    state official (type)                          Department of Interior
stu    student (type)                          uss    United States Senator
sur    surgeon                                 usscand US Senate candidate (year)
sv     sidewalk vendor                         uts    used-tire salesman
sw     sumo wrestler                           uw     unemployed woodcutter
syc    symphony conductor                      vc     venture capitalist [2001]
syseng systems engineer                        vcm venture capital fund manager
sza    senior citizen activist                        [1996]



                                          11
                                                            Occupation Abbreviations


vei   vehicle emissions inspector             whmn   warehouseman
vet   veterinarian                            wm     welfare (AFDC) mother
vso   vehicle repair service owner            wr     writer [1980 1982 1994 2003]
w     woodcutter                              wsgl   white supremacist group leader
w     writer [2002]                           wso    welding shop owner
wcd   water conditioning distributor          wym    Wyoming Mining Association
we    welder                                         official
whc   White House Chief of Staff under        x      executive director of girls' home
      Carter                                  xsp    ex-state printer




                                         12
                                                                           1979 Notes


1968-1976 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
1) WA 1976 – The totals for the primaries are taken from a survey conducted by the LA
PAR as reported in The Great Louisiana Spendathon (Baton Rouge: Public Affairs
Research Council, March 1990), 6. The individual candidate totals and the overall total
were provided by the state agency collecting that information. There is no breakdown
by candidate in the PAR data.

2) MT 1976, UT 1976 – The totals for the primaries are taken from the LA PAR survey.
The total figure is only the amount spent by the candidates in both the primaries and
the general election.

3) IN 1976 – General election candidate expenditures only

Sources for Election Data
CA 1970:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/6/70
CA 1974:     Primary – CQWR 6/8/74           General   –   CQWR 11/9/74
DE 1976:                                     General   –   CQWR 11/6/76
IN 1976:     Primary – CQWR 5/8/76           General   –   CQWR 11/6/76
MA 1970:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/6/70
MO 1976:     Primary – CQWR 8/7/76           General   –   CQWR 11/6/76
MT 1976:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/6/76
NC 1968:     Primary – Boyette               General   –   Boyette
NC 1972:     Primary – Boyette               General   –   Boyette
NC 1976:     Primary – Boyette               General   –   Boyette
OR 1974:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/9/74
UT 1976:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/6/76
VA 1973:                                     General   –   CQWR 11/10/73
WA 1976:     Primary – CQWR                  General   –   CQWR 11/6/76

Boyette = Alan Boyette, dissertation (Department of Political Science, UNC at Chapel
       Hill, 1990)

Sources for Campaign Expenditures
NC 1968, 1972, 1976:    Joel Alan Boyette, dissertation (Department of Political
                        Science, UNC at Chapel Hill, 1990)



1977 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations


Sources for Expenditure Data
New Jersey: Election Law Enforcement Commission




                                        13
                                                                            1979 Notes


Virginia: Richard W. Hall-Sizemore, "Money in Politics: Financing the 1977 Statewide
Elections in Virginia," Institute of Government, Newsletter 56:12 (August 1980),
University of Virginia.

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
New Jersey: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1144.
Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (June 18), 1252.

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 12), 2417-18; Almanac of American Politics, 1980 540,
893.




1978 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

(a). From the PAR Survey, (1980), 6: all candidates in primaries.
(b). From CQ Weekly Report: total spent by general election candidates only.
(c). From the PAR Survey, (1980), 7: only those candidates who were in both the
primary and the general election.


Sources of Expenditure Data
Arizona: Secretary of State
Maryland: State Board of Elections
Michigan: Secretary of State (1986)

Rhodes Cook and Stacy West, "1978 Gubernatorial Contests: Incumbents, Winners Hold
Money Advantage," CQ Weekly Report (August 25, 1979), 1755-56. (Collected only the
expenditures of the candidates who were in the general election. Unfortunately, CQ
disposed of these data years ago).

PAR Analysis, The Great Louisiana Campaign Spendathon (Baton Rouge: Public Affairs
Research Council, March 1980). (Collected only the total expenditures for the primaries,
and the total expenditures of the candidates in the general election). Unfortunately,
PAR disposed of these data years ago).

Sources of Election Results
Primaries:
Alabama: CQ Weekly Report (September 9), (September 30), 2680
Alaska: CQ Weekly Report (August 26), 2266.
Arizona: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2476.
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (June 3), 1382.
California: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1442.



                                        14
                                                                            1979 Notes


Colorado: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2474.
Connecticut: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2478.
Florida: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2471, (October 7), 2789
Georgia: CQ Weekly Report (August 12), 2115.
Hawaii: CQ Weekly Report (October 14), 2978.
Idaho: CQ Weekly Report (August 12), 2116.
Illinois: CQ Weekly Report (March 25), 750.
Iowa: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1453.
Kansas: CQ Weekly Report (August 5), 2033.
Maine: CQ Weekly Report (June 17), 1564.
Maryland: CQ Weekly Report (September 9), 2468.
Massachusetts: CQ Weekly Report (September 23), 2569-70.
Michigan: CQ Weekly Report (August 12), 2112.
Minnesota: CQ Weekly Report (July 8), 1738, (September 16), 2470
Nebraska: CQ Weekly Report (May 13), 1195.
Nevada: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2479.
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2476.
New Mexico: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1459.
New York: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2464.
Ohio: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1448.
Oklahoma: CQ Weekly Report (August 26), 2265.
Oregon: CQ Weekly Report (May 27), 1372.
Pennsylvania: CQ Weekly Report (May 20), 1226-27.
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2478.
South Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (June 17), 1565, (July 1), 1669
South Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1458.
Tennessee: CQ Weekly Report (August 5), 2089.
Texas: CQ Weekly Report (May 13), 1192.
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2479.
Wisconsin: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2473.
Wyoming: CQ Weekly Report (September 16), 2477.

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 11), 3283-91.
Michael Barone, et. al., The Almanac of American Politics, 1980: 6, 23, 29, 42, 57, 138,
151, 174, 203, 223, 231, 239, 306, 321, 369, 376, 395, 421, 461, 519, 528, 534, 569,
579, 677, 718, 732, 745, 788, 795, 810, 818, 837, 887, 943, 962.




1979 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

Expenditures          % Votes
                       Race Amount           PR    GE




                                        15
                                                                          1979 Notes


Luther Devine Knox (D)                             **
Ken Lewis (D)                               **
Greg Nelson (NP)                            **

** These three candidates combined spent $5,435.

(no key for abbreviations)




1980 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

`Pete' DuPont (R)i       #

Scott Matheson (D)i      #

Robert Wright (R)fsc     #

# - nominated by convention

EF - exemption filed to reporting requirements as campaign cost less than $500 and no
single contributor gave more than $50.

Sources of Expenditure Data
Arkansas: Secretary of State
Delaware: State Election Commissioner
Indiana: State Election Board
Missouri: Secretary of State
Montana: Commissioner of Political Practices
New Hampshire: Secretary of State
North Carolina: ?? by phone somewhere
North Dakota: Estimates from Link and Olson's campaign manager
Rhode Island: Board of Elections
Utah: State Auditor
Vermont: Secretary of State
Washington: State Public Disclosure Commission
West Virginia: Newspaper coverage of the campaign (Washington Post 11/9/80 and The
Daily Mail 12/5/81)

Sources of Election Results
Primaries:
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (May 31), 1473.
Delaware: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2680.
Indiana: CQ Weekly Report (May 10), 1255.
Missouri: CQ Weekly Report (August 9), 2324.



                                       16
                                                                          1981 Notes


Montana: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1555.
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 13),2681-82.
North Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (May 10), 1259.
North Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (September 6), 2657.
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2694.
Utah: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2689.
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2692.
Washington: CQ Weekly Report (September 20), 2772.
West Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1557.

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 8), 3338-45; Almanac of American Politics, 1982, 53, 202,
348, 612, 640, 670, 819, 846, 994, 1110, 1117, 1148, 1169. 6


1981 Gubernatorial Elections: Political Notes and Explanations

Charles Robb #
J. Marshall Coleman #

# = nominated by convention

Sources of Expenditure Data
New Jersey: Election Law Enforcement Commission
Virginia: Larry Sabato, University of Virginia

Sources of Election Results
Conventions:
New Jersey: CQ Weekly Report (June 6), 1001.
Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (June 13), 1051.

General Elections:
CQ Weekly Report (November 7), 2170-1; Almanac of American Politics, 1984, 729,
1209.

1982 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
State totals for the following states were updated in 1/2004: AR, FL, HI, MA, MN, NM,
OR, PA, TN, WI and the 36-state total. In addition, CPV was updated for FL and WI.)

> - undefined symbol
* - withdrew from race but name still on ballot
wd - withdrew from race
### - died during campaign
(e) - estimate
RW - reporting waiver




                                        17
                                                                               1983 Notes


Source of Expenditure Data
Alabama: Elections Division, Secretary of State
Alaska: Alaska Public Offices Commission
Arizona: Secretary of State Arkansas: Elections Services, Secretary of State
California: Fair Political Practices Commission
Colorado: Secretary of State
Connecticut: Secretary of State
Florida: Division of Elections, Department of State
Georgia: Division of Elections, State Department
Hawaii: Campaign Spending Commission
Idaho: Secretary of State
Illinois: Staff of Illinois Issues
Iowa: Campaign Finance Disclosure Division
Kansas: Secretary of State
Maine: Kenneth Palmer, Dept. of Political Science, University of Maine
Maryland: Board of Elections
Massachusetts: Office of Campaign and Political Finance
Michigan: Council of State Governments; Secretary of State (1986)
Minnesota: Ethical Practices Board
Nebraska: Disclosure Commission
Nevada: Secretary of State
New Hampshire: Secretary of State
New Mexico: Secretary of State
New York: Board of Elections
Ohio: Secretary of State
Oklahoma: Election Board and David Morgan, DPS, Univ. of Oklahoma
Oregon: Elections Division
Pennsylvania: Bureau of Elections
Rhode Island: Board of Elections
South Carolina: Ethics Commission
South Dakota: Secretary of State
Tennessee: State Library and Archives
Texas: Secretary of State
Vermont: Secretary of State
Wisconsin: Elections Board
Wyoming: Secretary of State

Source of Election Data
Primaries
Alabama: CQ Weekly Report (September 11), 2259.
Alaska: CQ Weekly Report (August 28), 2155, (September 4), 2218
Arizona: CQ Weekly Report (September 11), 2261.
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (May 29), 1294.
California: CQ Weekly Report (June 12), 1417-18.
Colorado: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2334.
Connecticut: CQ Weekly Report (July 24), 1787, (September 11), 2262.
Florida: CQ Weekly Report (September 11), 2257.
Georgia: CQ Weekly Report (August 14), 1992, (September 4), 2217.



                                         18
                                                                             1983 Notes


Hawaii: CQ Weekly Report (September 25), 2407.
Idaho: CQ Weekly Report (May 29), 1295.
Illinois: CQ Weekly Report (March 20), 615.
Iowa: CQ Weekly Report (June 12), 1433.
Kansas: CQ Weekly Report (August 7), 1912.
Maine: CQ Weekly Report (June 12), 1430.
Maryland: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2328.
Massachusetts: CQ Weekly Reports (SEptember 18), 2322.Michigan: CQ Weekly Report
(August 14), 1990.
Minnesota: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2324.
Nebraska: CQ Weekly Report (May 15), 1129.
Nevada: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2320.
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2333.
New Mexico: CQ Weekly Report (June 5), 1363.
New York: CQ Weekly Report (September 25), 2406.
Pennsylvania: CQ Weekly Report (May 22), 1201.
Ohio: CQ Weekly Report (June 12), 1423.
Oklahoma: CQ Weekly Report (August 28), 2154.
Oregon: CQ Weekly Report (May 22), 1205.
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2336.
South Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (June 12), 1428.
South Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (June 5), 1365.
Tennessee: CQ Weekly Report (August 7), 1931
Texas: CQ Weekly Report (May 8), 1048.
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2331.
Wisconsin: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2326.
Wyoming: CQ Weekly Report (September 18), 2335.

General election: CQ Weekly Report (November 6), 2817-25; Almanac of American
Politics, 1980, 7, 35, 47, 69, 92, 215, 237, 276, 330, 365, 388, 482, 504, 576, 587, 616,
657, 709, 796, 811, 822, 877, 898, 1039, 1095, 1119, 1142, 1204, 1218, 1241, 1251,
1282, 1368, 1455, 1485.

Footnotes
  The Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance reported in their May 23, 1984 (#15) issue of "Your
Wisconsin Government" the overall data on campaign spending in the 1982
gubernatorial elections. Their sources for these data were: Beyle, "The Cost of
Becoming Governor," State Government 56:2 (1983) and the Public Affairs Research
Council of Louisiana.
  Alaska: "Gubernatorial and Lt. Gubernatorial candidates run separately in the Primary
but with joint accounts in the General election. Hence the $5,278,640 total does not
include what the two Lt. Governor candidates, who ran in the General, spent in the
Primary. The $5,667,770 total does include this. The $6,119,881 total included the
unsuccessful Lt. Governor candidates who were eliminated by the primary." Greg
Granquist, Research Analyst, Alaska Public Offices Commission, March 17, 1983.
  These figures differ from the originally reported figures based on data included in the
report on the 1986 gubernatorial race in Michigan from the Bureau of Elections of the
Department of State.



                                         19
                                                                                1983 Notes


  The Wisconsin Alliance report indicated a figure of $2,782,481
  The Wisconsin Alliance report indicated a figure of $2,325,199


1983 Gubernatorial Elections

In Kentucky, the overall totals are greater than the individual candidates' reports.
Individual figures are from a Registry of Election Finance printed report; the total figures
are from an Executive Director of the Registry letter summarizing the overall receipts,
disbursements, bank balances and debts for the primary and general election. In
Louisiana, since Edwards won the primary with over 50 percent of the vote, there was
no need for a runoff.

Sources for Expenditure Data
Kentucky: Registry of Election Finance
Louisiana: Public Affairs Research Council, Baton Rouge
Mississippi: Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Kentucky: CQ Weekly Report (May 28), 1095
Louisiana: CQ Weekly Report (October 29), 2254
Mississippi: CQ Weekly Report (August 6), 1641, (August 27), 1755

General election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 12), 2370; Almanac of American Politics, 1986, 523, 550,
736.

1984 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
(DE, IN, MO, and RI totals were updated 1/2004)

## - nominated by convention
* - dropped bid between convention and primary after losing in convention
(a)- expenditure figures are estimates by candidates or their campaign directors, no
reporting requirements
(b)- expenditure figures are estimates by University of West Virginia political scientist
Pat Hagan.

Sources
Primaries:
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (June 2), 1320.
Delaware: CQ Weekly Report (September 15), 2273.
Indiana: CQ Weekly Report (May 12), 1119.
Missouri: CQ Weekly Report (August 11), 1992.
Montana: CQ Weekly Report (June 9), 1385.
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 15), 2272.



                                          20
                                                                                1984 Notes


North Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (May 12), 1117-8; (June 9), 1385.
North Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (June 2), 1322.
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 15), 2273.
Utah: CQ Weekly Report (August 25), 2129.
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 15), 2273.
Washington: CQ Weekly Report (September 22), 2329.
West Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (June 9), 1382.

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 10), 2922-2930; Almanac of American Politics, 1986, 69,
260, 448, 757, 786, 822, 995, 1027, 1204, 1354, 1368, 1409, 1437.
Footnotes


1985 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

Gerald Baliles (D) ag                          #
Wyatt B. Durrette (R) fsr                      #
Richard W. Davis (D) lg                              *
Stan Parris (R) cn                             *

# -- Nominated by convention.
* -- Withdrew from race between delegate selection process and party convention.


1986 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
< - > undefined (less than number in brackets)
## - nomination by state party committee
wd - withdrew from primary race

Sources for Expenditure Data
Alabama: Secretary of State
Alaska: Alaska Public Offices Commission
Arizona: Secretary of State
Arkansas: Secretary of StateCalifornia: California Fair Political Practices Commission
Colorado: Department of State, Elections
Connecticut: Secretary of State, Campaign Finance Unit
Florida: Secretary of State, Division of Elections
Georgia: Secretary of State
Hawaii: Campaign Spending Commission
Idaho: Secretary of State
Illinois: State Board of Elections
Iowa: Campaign Finance Disclosure Commission
Kansas: Secretary of State



                                          21
                                                                        1986 Notes


Maine: Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Maryland: State Administrative Board of Election Laws
Massachusetts: Office of Campaign and Political Finance
Michigan: Department of State, Bureau of Elections
Minnesota: Ethical Practices Board
Nebraska: Accountability and Disclosure Commission
Nevada: Secretary of State
New Hampshire: Secretary of State
New Mexico: Bill Feather, AP Bureau Chief for New Mexico
New York: Board of Elections
Ohio: Secretary of State
Oklahoma: Ethics Commission and Thomas Clapper, OK State Senate staff
Oregon: Secretary of State, Elections Division
Pennsylvania: Department of State
Rhode Island: Board of Elections
South Carolina: State Sthics Commission
South Dakota: Secretary of State, Elections
Tennessee: Department of State, Elections
Texas: Secretary of State, Disclosure Filings Section
Vermont: Secretary of State
Wisconsin: Elections Board
Wyoming: Secretary of State, Elections Division

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Alabama: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1289
Alaska: CQ Weekly Report (August 30), 2035
Arizona: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2160
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (May 31), 1243
California: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1280
Colorado: CQ Weekly Report (August 16), 1902
Connecticut: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2161
Florida: CQ Weekly Report (September 6), 2107; (October 4), 2390
Georgia: CQ Weekly Report (August 16), 1899
Hawaii: CQ Weekly Report (September 27), 2302
Idaho: CQ Weekly Report (May 31), 1244
Illinois: CQ Weekly Report (March 22), 661
Iowa: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1287
Kansas: CQ Weekly Report (August 9), 1814
Maine: CQ Weekly Report (June 14), 1346
Maryland: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2157
Massachusetts: CQ Weekly Report (September 20), 2226
Michigan: CQ Weekly Report (August 9), 1809
Minnesota: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2164Nebraska: CQ Weekly Report (May
17), 1123
Nevada: CQ Weekly Report (September 6), 2109
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2163
New Mexico: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1293



                                      22
                                                                           1986 Notes


New York: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2154
Ohio: CQ Weekly Report (May 10), 1049
Oklahoma: CQ Weekly Report (August 30), 2052
Oregon: CQ Weekly Report (May 24), 1200
Pennsylvania: CQ Weekly Report (May 24), 1197
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2153
South Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (June 14), 1343
South Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (June 7), 1285
Tennessee: CQ Weekly Report (August 9), 1852
Texas: CQ Weekly Report (May 10), 1052
Vermont: Uncontested primaries
Wisconsin: CQ Weekly Report (September 13), 2162
Wyoming: CQ Weekly Report (August 23), 2017

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 8), 2864-71; Almanac of American Poltics, 1990, 7, 31,
40, 58, 82, 191, 212, 248, 295, 326, 335, 347, 431, 451, 519, 529, 556, 590, 637, 714,
726, 738, 785, 808, 933, 985, 1007, 1029, 1084, 1097, 1119, 1128, 1160, 1240, 1316,
1345.

Footnotes
  Baxley was declared the Democratic Party candidate after the Party determined there
were violations of voting laws in the second primary. Registered members of the
Republican Party were allowed to cross over to vote in the Democratic Party Primary and
under Alabama law they were not eligible to do so. (CQ Weekly Report, September 16,
p. 1938).




1987 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

mini- undefined

Sources for Expenditure Data
Kentucky: Registry of Election Finance
Louisiana: Public Affairs Research Council, "PAR Analysis: Statewide Elections, 1987,"
(January, 1988)
Mississippi: Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Kentucky: CQ Weekly Report (May 30), 1139.
Louisiana: CQ Weekly Report (October 31), 2687-89 and the Public
         Affairs Research Council.
Mississippi: CQ Weekly Report (August 8), 1808, (August 29), 2106



                                        23
                                                                               1987 Notes



General election:
CQ Weekly Report, (November 7), 2734; Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The
Almanac of American Politics, 1990 (Washington: The National Journal), 469, 493, 661.


1988 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
Total spending was updated for the following states 1/2004: DE, MO, NC, UT, and the
12-state total. Primary data and CPV were also updated for MO.

Utah candidates were selected in convention; hence there are no primary results.

Washington had a unique "jungle primary" in which candidates from both parties were
listed on one ballot. (CQ Weekly Report, September 24, 1988, 2650).


RHODE ISLAND
Peter Van Daam (D)ehs          P \           10
One other candidate (D)       P / > 5,000      --
Symbols in Expenditures Amount column undefined.

(d) - died April 9 in airplane crash during primary campaign, name still on ballot (leading
R candidate at the time)
# - nominated by convention

Sources for Expenditure Data
Delaware: State Election Commissioner
Indiana: State Election Board
Missouri: Campaign Reporting Division, Secretary of State
Montana: Commissioner of Political Practices
New Hampshire: Secretary of State
North Carolina: Campaign Reporting Office, State Board of Elections
North Dakota: Theodore Pedeliski, Dept. of Pol. Sci., U. of No.Dakota
Rhode Island: Campaign Finance Section, State Board of Elections
Utah: Office of Lt. Governor
Vermont: State Archives, Secretary of State
Washington: Public Disclosure Division
West Virginia: Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Delaware: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2649.
Indiana: CQ Weekly Report (May 7), 1232.
Missouri: CQ Weekly Report (August 6), 2182.
Montana: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1592.
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2598.



                                          24
                                                                             1988 Notes


North Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (May 7), 1229.
North Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2649.
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2649.
Utah: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2601, and Office of the
     Lt. Governor
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2597.
Washington: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2650.
West Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (May 14), 1326.

General election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 12), 3301-10), and Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The
Almanac of American Politics, 1990 (Washington: The National Journal).

1989 Gubernatorial Elections

Sources for Expenditure Data
New Jersey: New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission.
Virginia: Larry Sabato, University of Virginia.

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
New Jersey: CQ Weekly Report (June 10), 1422-1423.
Virginia: CQ Weekly Report (June 17), 1499.

General election:
Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics, 1994 (Washington,
DC: The National Journal), 806, 1307.

1990 Gubernatorial Elections

Notes
(1/2004: Totals were updated for AR, GA, ID, NV, NH, NM, NY, OK, OR, TN, TX and VT,
as well as for the 36 state total. In addition, the primary election figures were updated
for GA and OR; and the primary, general, and total spending figures, as well as the CPV
figures, were updated for ID and VT.)



1
 Under Arizona law enacted after the problems attendant to the Evan Mecham
governorship, a general election candidate for governor must have over 50% of the vote
in order to win. If no candidate has over 50% there is a runoff between the top two
candidates. The 1990 runoff was held in February of 1991. The total vote is that for
the runoff election.


mini- not defined
# - nominated by convention
WD - withdrew from race



                                         25
                                                                           1990 Notes


** - petition candidate
% - pre 1990 expenditures
<##>- less than ($$$$)


1991 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
(The figures for total spending and cost-per-vote in Louisiana, and the 3-state total
spent, were updated 1/2004.)

RU - runoff
T - total
TV - total vote cast
wd - withdrew from race three weeks before primary
(#) - number of candidates in race

Sources for expenditure data
Kentucky: Registry of Election Finance (unaudited figures)
Louisiana: Public Affairs Research Council of Louisiana
Mississippi: Secretary of State

Sources for election results
Primaries:
Kentucky: CQ Weekly Report, June 1, 1991, 1458; The Political Report, October 5, 1991,
5-7.
Louisiana: CQ Weekly Report, October 26, 1991, 3145-46; November 23, 1991, 3477.
Mississippi: CQ Weekly Report, September 21, 1991, 2719; October 12, 1991, 2978.

General election:
Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics, 1994 551, 535,
712.


1992 Gubernatorial Elections

Notes
Total spending was updated for the following states 1/2004: UT, WV, and the 12-state
total. Primary and general election data and CPV were also updated for UT.

   A candidate is exempt from reporting requirements if he or she did not spend over
$1,000; did not receive over $1,000; or, did not receive more than $250 from one
individual.
   The state's reporting requirements are that only contributions over $100 in any one
year must be reported. Obviously, there were other monies raised that fell below that
limit. There are no expenditure report requirements. So, this is the best estimate
available for the cost of this campaign.




                                         26
                                                                        1992 Notes


  There is an all-party primary and the leading candidate of the major parties then
compete in the general election.


Sources for Expenditure Data
Delaware: Commissioner of Elections
Indiana: State Election Board
Missouri: Missouri Ethics Commission
Montana: Commissioner of Political Practices
New Hampshire: Office of the Secretary of State
North Carolina: Campaign Reporting Office, State Board of Elections
North Dakota: Office of the Secretary of State
Rhode Island: Campaign Finance Division, Board of Elections
Utah: Office of the Governor (Lieutenant Governor)
Vermont: Division of Elections and Administration, Sec.of State
Washington: Public Disclosure Commission
West Virginia: Office of the Secretary of State


Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Delaware: CQ Weekly Report, (September 19), 2856
Indiana: CQ Weekly Report, (May 9), 1280
Missouri: CQ Weekly Report, (August 8), 2391
Montana: CQ Weekly Report, (June 6), 1640
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report, (August 12), 2758
North Carolina: CQ Weekly Report, (May 9), 1277
North Dakota: CQ Weekly Report, (June 13), 1734
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report, (September 19), 2855
Utah: CQ Weekly Report, (September 12), 2740
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report, (September 12), 2743
Washington: CQ Weekly Report, (September 19), 2850
West Virginia: CQ Weekly Report, (May 16), 1374

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report (November 7), 3601-07; Almanac of American Politics, 1994, 263,
441, 731, 759, 794, 943, 977, 1134, 1284, 1298, 1337, 1366.



1993 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
(Total spending was updated for both states in 1/2004. The CPV was also updated for
VA.)

## - Nominated by convention




                                        27
                                                                              1993 Notes


Sources for Expenditure Data
New Jersey: New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission.
Virginia: Larry Sabato, "The 1993 Statewide Elections: Virginia's
 Twelve Year Itch Returns," Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University
of Virginia, January 1994, paper; Robert Hols worth, Department of Political Science,
Virginia Commonwealth Uni versity.

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
New Jersey: CQ Weekly Report June 12, 1993, 1504; The Hotline June 9,
 1993, 12.
Virginia: CQ Weekly Report June 12, 1993, 1504.

General Election:
USA Today (November 4), 4A-5A; CQ Weekly Report (November 6), 3065-8.




1994 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
(Data corrected 1/2004: Primary election spending for AL, CO, MA, and OK; General
election spending for AL, CO, MA, NV, and OK; total election spending for AL, CO, MA,
MI, NV, and OK; and CPV figures for AL, CO, and OK. A new footnote was added for the
AK primary.)

* AK: The 1996 Almanac of American Politics indicates that AK had an “all party”
primary. However, the 8/27/94 CQ report on the election had the Republicans grouped
together and their percentages totaled 100%, and then all other candidates grouped
together and their percentages totaled 100%.

## - Nominated by convention

Sources for Expenditure Data
Alabama: Secretary of State
Alaska: Public Offices Commission
Arizona: Secretary of State
Arkansas: Elections Division, Secretary of State
California: Secretary of State
Colorado: Secretary of State
Connecticut: Secretary of StateFlorida: Department of State, Division of Elections
Georgia: Division of Elections, Department of State
Hawaii: Campaign Spending Commission
Idaho: Secretary of State
Illinois: Campaign Disclosure Division, Board of Elections
Iowa: Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board



                                         28
                                                                  1994 Notes


Kansas: Public Disclosure Commission
Maine: Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Maryland: Administrative Board of Election Laws
Massachusetts: Office of Campaign and Political Finance
Michigan: Bureau of Elections, Department of State
Minnesota: Ethical Practices Board
Nebraska: Accountability and Disclosure Commission
Nevada: Secretary of State
New Hampshire: Secretary of State
New Mexico: Burean of Elections, Secretary of State
New York: State Board of Elections
Ohio: Secretary of State
Oklahoma: Council on Campaign Compliance and Ethical Statndards
Oregon: Secretary of State
Pennsylvania: Department of State
Rhode Island: Board of Elections
South Carolina: State Ethics Commission
South Dakota: Secretary of State
Tennessee: Registry of Election Finance
Texas: Ethics Commission
Vermont: Secretary of State
Wisconsin: State Elections Board
Wyoming: Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Alabama: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1551; (July 2), 1827
Alaska: CQ Weekly Report (August 27), 2501
Arizona: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2629
Arkansas: CQ Weekly Report (May 28), 1415
California: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1551
Colorado: CQ Weekly Report (August 13), 2374
Connecticut: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2629
Florida: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2630
Georgia: CQ Weekly Report (Junly 23), 2073
Hawaii: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2727
Idaho: CQ Weekly Report (May 28), 1415
Illinois: CQ Weekly Report (March 19), 690
Iowa: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1554
Kansas: CQ Weekly Report (August 6), 2285
Maine: CQ Weekly Report (June 18), 1651
Maryland: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2632
Massachusetts: CQ Weekly Report (September 24), 2727
Michigan: CQ Weekly Report (August 6), 2285
Minnesota: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2634
Nebraska: CQ Weekly Report (May 14), 1250
Nevada: CQ Weekly Report (September 10), 2547
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2635



                                       29
                                                                             1994 Notes


New Mexico: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1557
New York: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2635
Ohio: CQ Weekly Report (May 7), 1155
Oklahoma: CQ Weekly Report (August 27), 2501; (Sept. 24), 2728
Oregon: CQ Weekly Report (May 21), 1337
Pennsylvania: CQ Weekly Report (May 14), 1250
Rhode Island: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2638
South Carolina: CQ Weekly Report (Aug.13), 2374; (Aug.27), 2502
South Dakota: CQ Weekly Report (June 11), 1557
Tennessee: CQ Weekly Report (August 13), 2375
Texas: CQ Weekly Report (March 12), 629
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2638
Wisconsin: CQ Weekly Report (September 17), 2639
Wyoming: Cq Weekly Report (August 20), 2474
General Election:

Gov candidates: CQ Weekly Report (October 22), 3062-3076.
Returns: CQ Weekly Report (November 12), 3301-3308; (April 15, 1995), 1090-1097;
Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics, 1996 (Washington:
National Journal, 1995).


1995 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
(1/2004: A typographical error for MS total spending was corrected, as well as the
resulting 3 state total.)

Kentucky: *This was the first year of public financing. If a candidate raised $600,000 he
or she could receive 2 for 1 matching funds ($1,200,000) or $1,800,000 to spend.

G - general election (runoff in Louisiana)
wd - withdrew from race before primary
dnf - did not file
(#) - number of candidates in race

Sources for Expenditure Data
Kentucky: Registry of Election Finance (unaudited figures)
Louisiana: Public Affairs Research Council of Louisiana
Mississippi: Elections Division, Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Kentucky: CQ Weekly Report, May 27, 1995, 1526; The Hotline 5/24/95, 12
Louisiana: CQ Weekly Report, October 28, 1995: 3321
Mississippi: CQ Weekly Report, August 12, 1995: 2457

General election: Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics,



                                         30
                                                                           1998 Notes


1996. Kentucky and Mississippi: CQ Weekly Report November 11, 1995, 3474-3475;
National Governors' Association, Governors' Bulletin, November 13, 1995, 4; Louisiana:
Wall Street Journal, November 20, 1995.


1996 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
PC     - pre-convention (eliminated in convention)
(#)    - number of candidates in race
u      - unopposed
EF     - exemption filed to reporting requirement as campaign cost less than $500, and
no single contributor gave more than $50.

Sources for Expenditure Data
Delaware: Commissioner of Elections
Indiana: State Election Board, Home Page Web Site:
http://www.ai.org/seb/index.html Campaign Finance
Missouri: Missouri Ethics Commission
Montana: Commissioner of Political Practices
New Hampshire: Office of the Secretary of State
North Carolina: Campaign Reporting Office, State Board of Elections
North Dakota: Carter Wood, Legislative/Research Director, Office of the Governor- best
estimates as no reporting requirements
Utah: Office of the Governor (Lieutenant Governor)
Vermont: Division of Elections and Administration, Secretary of State's Office
Washington: Public Disclosure Commission
West Virginia: Office of the Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Delaware: CQ Weekly Report, (September 14), 2628
Indiana: CQ Weekly Report, (May 11): 1327
Missouri: CQ Weekly Report, (August 10): 2273
Montana: CQ Weekly Report, (June 8): 1624
New Hampshire: CQ Weekly Report,(September 14), 2629
North Carolina: CQ Weekly Report,(May 11), 1328
North Dakota: no primary
Utah: CQ Weekly Report,(June 29), 1887
Vermont: CQ Weekly Report, (Sept. 14), 2632
Washington: CQ Weekly Report, (September 21), 2710
West Virginia: CQ Weekly Report,(May 18), 1412

General Election:
CQ Weekly Report, (November 9), 3251-3257; The Almanac of American Politics, 1998:
329; 527; 825; 856; 895; 1057; 1093; 1417; 1433; 1477; 1511




                                        31
                                                                          1998 Notes


1997 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

Sources for Expenditure Data
New Jersey: New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission.
Virginia: Larry Sabato, "The 1997 Virginia Election for Governor," Department of
Government and Foreign Affairs, university of Virginia, December 1997: 48

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
New Jersey: CQ Weekly Report (June 7, 1997: 1330-31; The Hotline (June 1997).
Virginia: none

General election:
The Hotline (November 5, 1997) and Sabato: 10.


1998 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

##    Nominated by convention
NA    Not applicable
NR    No Report
U     unopposed
Ik    in kind contributions or expenditures included in total
exempt        exempt from filing under state law

Sources for Expenditure Data
AK:    Secretary of State
AL:    Secretary of State
AZ:    Secretary of State
AR:    Secretary of State
CA     Secretary of State
CO:    Secretary of State
CT:    Secretary of State
FL:    Division of Elections. Office of the Secretary of State
GA:    Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
ID:    Secretary of State
IA:    Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board
MD: State Administrative Board of Election Laws
MA:    Office of Campaign and Political Finance, State House, Boston, MA 02133
MI:    Bureau of Elections, Secretary of State
MN: Minnesota Campaign Finance and Public Disclosure Board
NE     Accountability and Disclosure Commission
NV     Secretary of State
NH:    Secretary of State



                                         32
                                                                         1998 Notes


NM:    Bureau of Elections, Office of the Secretary of State
NY:    State Board of Elections
OH:    Secretary of State
OK:    Secretary of State
OR:    Secretary of State
RI:    Board of Elections
SC:    State Ethics Commission
SD:    Secretary of State
TN:    Registry of Election Finance
TX:    Texas Ethics Commission
VT:    Secretary of State
WI:    Elections Board
WY:    Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
Alabama        CQ Weekly, June 6, 1998: 1547
Alaska         CQ Weekly, September 5, 1998: 2357
Arizona:              CQ Weekly, September 12, 1998: 2432
Arkansas       CQ Weekly, May 23, 1998: 1416
California     CQ Weekly, June 6, 1998: 1548
Colorado       CQ Weekly, August 15, 1998: 2250
Connecticut: CQ Weekly, September 19, 1998: 2516
Florida        CQ Weekly, September 5, 1998: 2359
Georgia               CQ Weekly, July 25, 1998: 2035; August 15, 1998: 2250
Hawaii         CQ Weekly, September 26, 1998: 2606
Idaho          CQ Weekly, May 30, 1998: 1472
Illinois       CQ Weekly, March 21, 1998: 768
Iowa           CQ Weekly, June 6, 1998: 1552
Kansas         CQ Weekly, August 8, 1998: 2194(
Maine          CQ Weekly, June 13, 1998: 1631
Maryland:      CQ Weekly, September 19, 1998: 2518
Massachusetts:        CQ Weekly, September 19, 19989: 2517
Michigan       CQ Weekly, August 8, 1998: 2195
Minnesota      CQ Weekly, September 19, 1998: 2520
Nebraska       CQ Weekly, May 16, 1998: 1330
Nevada                CQ Weekly, September 12, 1998: 2358-59
New Hampshire         CQ Weekly, September 12, 1998: 2433
New Mexico CQ Weekly, June 6, 1998: 1544
New York       CQ Weekly, September 19, 1998: 2521-22
Ohio           CQ Weekly, May 9, 1998: 1251
Oklahoma       CQ Weekly, September 5, 1998: 2358
Oregon         CQ Weekly, May 23, 1998: 1419
Pennsylvania CQ Weekly, May 23, 1998: 1417
Rhode Island CQ Weekly, September 19, 1998: 2524
South Carolina CQ Weekly, June 13, 1998: 1632
South Dakota CQ Weekly, June 6, 1998: 1555
Tennessee      CQ Weekly, August 8, 1998: 2197



                                         33
                                                                          1998 Notes


Texas          CQ Weekly, March 14, 1998: 689
Vermont             CQ Weekly, September 12, 1998: 2433
Wisconsin      CQ Weekly, September 12, 1998: 2434
Wyoming        CQ Weekly, August 22, 1998: 2299

General Election:
AZ:    Secretary of State
AR:    Secretary of State
CO:    Secretary of State
FL:    Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
GA:    Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
ID:    Secretary of State
IA:    Secretary of State
MN: Minnesota Campaign Finance and Public Disclosure Board
CQ Weekly, November 7, 1998: 3027-3335


1999 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

Notes for Kentucky:
(a). Governor Foster's expenditures cover four separate years - 1996-1999. The pre-
1999 figures were converted into 1999$ using the CPI-U Index with the 1982-84 base =
1.000. The 1999 CPI-U index was 1.666; 1998 = 1.639; 1997 = 1.613; 1996 = 1.541.
The pre-1999 index values were divided by the 1999 CPI-U index figure so 1996 = .925
of the 1999$; 1997 = .968; and 1998 = .984. To convert the actual pre-1999 dollars
spent, those figures were divided by the converted CPI-U index figure for that year.
(b). This Mike Foster was a "ringer" who changed his name from Brian Keith Doyle and
entered the race. He was a Republican when he filed but dropped out after only a few
days. An unproven rumor was that he was put up to this by enemies of the governor.

Note for Mississippi:
Because no candidate received a majority of the votes in the General Election, MS law
calls for the State House to decide the winner. On January 11, 2000, the House voted
86 to 36 in favor of Musgrove. The vote was mainly along partisan lines.

wi     withdrew
(#)    number of candidates in race
u      unopposed
wd     withdrew

Sources for Expenditure Data
KY:    Registry of Campaign Finance: www.state.ky.us/agencies/kref
LA:    State Ethics Commission: www.ethics.state.la.us/
MS:    Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results



                                       34
                                                                             1999 Notes


Primaries:
KY:    Campaign Insider (June 3, 1999): 8
LA:    The Politics 1 Report 9/23/99 and 10/24/99)
MS:    Secretary of State

General Election:
KY:    Politics 1 Report (11/6/99); Secretary of State: www.state.ky.us/elecfil
LA:    won in primary
MS:    The Politics 1 Report (11/6/99 and 1/12/00)




2000 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

NORTH DAKOTA         [4]    T       2,309,705
Under ND law, candidates do not report how much money spent. Rather, they report
how much money they have raised from individuals or groups - but only those who had
contributed more than $200 in any of the three reporting periods [pre-primary, pre-
general and end of year]. The amounts listed for candidates in the ND governor's race
are what each candidate reported raising under the above guidelines.


[##]   number of candidates in race
C      nominated by convention
u      unopposed


Sources
Primary Elections:
DE:    Campaign Insider [9/14/00]
IN     IN Division of Elections
MO     MO Elections Division; The Politics1 Report [8/9/00]
MT     The Politics1 Report [6/8/00]
NH     Campaign Insider [9/14/00]
NC     NC State Board of Elections
ND     The Politics1 Report [4/5/00]
UT     The Politics1 Report [6/30/00]; Campaign Insider [6/29/00]: 6.
VT     Campaign Insider [9/14/00]
WA     WA Secretary of State [9/19/00]
WV     WV Secretary of State [5/9/00]

General Election:
DE     Commissioner of Elections, Department of Elections
IN     Secretary of State, Elections Division
MO     Secretary of State



                                         35
                                                                          2000 Notes


MT     Secretary of State
NH     Secretary of State
NC     State Board of Elections
ND     Secretary of State
UT     State Elections Office, Lt. Governor‟s Office
VT     Secretary of State
WA     Secretary of State
WV     Secretary of State

Campaign Finances:
DE    Commissioner of Elections, Department of Elections
IN    Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
MO    Secretary of State
MT    Secretary of State
NH    Secretary of State
NC    State Board of Elections
ND    Secretary of State
UT    Elections Division, Office of the Lieutenant Governor
VT    Secretary of State
WA    Public Disclosure Commission
WV    Secretary of State




2001 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

Jim McGreevey, D m (Woodbridge) (b)
Bret Schundler, R m (Jersey City)     (b)
Bob Franks, R fcn                     (b)
Constantine Rozzo, S ptr               (a)
Kari Sachs, SW mp                      (a)
Jerry Coleman, G                       (a)
Michael Koontz, C                      (a)
Bill Schluter, I ssn-R                 (b)
George Watson, Jr. FNJ                 (a)
*(a) - No detailed expenditure information reported, and expenditures total $3,000 or
less.
*(b) - Publicly-financed candidate.

(##)   number of candidates in race
##     nominated by convention
U/N    nominated unopposed, no primary


Sources for Expenditure Data



                                          36
                                                                               2001 Notes


New Jersey: New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission.
Virginia: Larry Sabato, Center for Governmental Studies, Univ. of Virginia

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
New Jersey: Campaign Insider [June 28, 2001]; NJ Attorney General‟s website
Virginia: Campaign Insider [June 7, 2001]; VA Board of Elections website

General election:
New Jersey: Board of Elections
Virginia: State Board of Elections




2002 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

MINNESOTA        Total Votes: 2,252,473 are labeled „unofficial‟

Andrew Cuomo, D fuo (HUD Sec)           dropped out in primary
Jack Cheevers, D                        dropped out in June pre-primary
John Thune, R                          Did not run1

wd       withdrew


Sources for Election Results
Primaries
The Rhodes Cook Letter, July 2002.; October 2002

AL       Secretary of State
AK       Lieutenant Governor
AZ       Secretary of State
AR       Secretary of State
CA       Secretary of State
CO       Secretary of State
CT       Secretary of State
FL       Secretary of State
GA       Secretary of State
HI       Office of Lt. Governor
ID       Secretary of State
IL       Board of Elections


1
    Thune set up a Gubernatorial Exploratory Committee but then did not run.




                                           37
                                                                  2002 Notes


IA     Secretary of State
KS     Board of Elections
ME     Secretary of State
MD     Board of Elections
MA     Secretary of the Commonwealth
MI     Secretary of State
MN     Secretary of State
NE     Secretary of State
NV     Secretary of State
NH     Secretary of State
NM     Secretary of State
NY     Board of Elections
OH     Secretary of State
OK     State Elections Board
OR     Secretary of State
PA     Department of State
RI     Board of Elections
SC     Elections Commission
SD     Board of Elections
TN     Secretary of State
TX     Secretary of State
VT     Elections Board, Secretary of State
WI     Elections Board
WY     Secretary of State

Sources for Expenditure Data
AL     Secretary of State
AK     Public Offices Commission
AR     Secretary of State
CA     Political Reform Division, Department of State
CO     Elections Division, Department of State
CT     Secretary of State
FL     Department of State
GA     Secretary of State
HI     Campaign Spending Commission
ID     Elections Division, Secretary of State
IL     Campaign Disclosure Commission, Board of Elections
IA     Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board
KS     Governmental Ethics Commission
ME     Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
MD     Board of Elections
MA     Office of Campaign and Political Finance
MI     Bureau of Elections, Department of State
MN     Campaign Finance and Public Disclosure Board
NE     Accountability and Disclosure Commission
NV     Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
NH     Elections Division, Office of the Secretary of State
NM     Bureau of Elections, Office of the Secretary of State



                                         38
                                                                             2002 Notes


NY     State Board of Elections
OH     Secretary of State
OK     Ethics Commission
OR     Elections Division, Department of State
PA     Bureau of Elections, Department of State
RI     Board of Elections
SC     State Ethics Commission
SD     State Department
TN     Registry of Election Finance
TX     State Ethics Commission
VT     Secretary of State
WI     State Elections Board
WY     Secretary of State




2003 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations

** Note that this year we changed the abbreviation for lawyer from “l” (a lower-case L)
to “law,” which is easier to identify regardless of font or capitalization. **


#1:
Recall: Should Gray Davis be recalled?        Yes                4,972,524      55.4
(Total TV spending: 8,978,545)                No                 4,006,021      44.6

#2: If Davis is recalled, who should replace him?
(Total TV spending: 8,348,021)

wd     withdrew
(#)    number of candidates in race
u      unopposed

Sources for Expenditure Data
KY:    Registry of Campaign Finance: www.state.ky.us/agencies/kref
LA:    State Ethics Commission: www.ethics.state.la.us/
MS:    Secretary of State

Sources for Election Results
Primaries:
KY:    KY Board of Elections Web page - 7/2/03 - official
LA:    LA Secretary of State Web page - 10/15/03 - official
MS:    Jackson Clarion-Ledger website - unofficial

General Election:


                                         39
                                                                           2003 Notes


CA:    CA State Election Division, (October 11, 2003).
KY:    KY Board of Elections Web page
LA:    LA Secretary of State Web page
MS:    MS Secretary of State Web page




2004 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
   Missouri:
   1. Under Missouri law, a candidate can file a Statement of Exemption that allows the
      candidate to be exempt from filing the exact amounts of money that is raised and
      spent in the campaign. The rule is as follows: The candidate does not intend to
      either receive contributions or make expenditures in the aggregate of more than
      $500, or receive contributions from any single contributor, other than the
      candidate, that aggregate more than $300 and that the total of all contributions
      received or expenditures made by the candidate and all committees or any other
      person with the candidate’s knowledge and consent in support of the candidacy
      will not exceed $500.
   Utah:
   1. Matheson is the son of former Utah Governor Scott Matheson-D, 1977-1985.
   2. Huntsman served under Presidents Ronald Reagan (White House staff assistant),
      GHW Bush (Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Ambassador to
      Singapore), and GW Bush (US Trade Ambassador).
   3. Incumbent Governor Olene Walker lost her bid for election to office in her own
      right when she came in fourth in the pre-primary Republican Convention. Only
      the top two candidates were allowed on the primary ballot. Walker was sworn in
      as chief executive in November 2003, when Governor Mike Leavitt (who had
      already announced he would not run for reelection) became EPA director under
      President Bush. She announced that she would run for the four-year term in
      March 2004, well after other Republicans had started campaigning.
   West Virginia:
   1. Monty Warner was also the brother of the WV State GOP Chairman.
   2. Phillip “Icky” Frye’s then-wife had an affair with then-Governor Bob Wise that
      Wise acknowledged in 2003, derailing his political career. (He withdrew from the
      race three months after the affair was discovered.) Frye pledged to remind voters
      of the affair, even by running for governor.


Sources for Election data

DE     Delaware Department of Elections
IN     Indiana Secretary of State
MO     Missouri Secretary of State
MT     Montana Secretary of State


                                         40
                                                                      2004 Notes


NH      New Hampshire Secretary of State, Elections Division
NC      North Carolina State Board of Elections
ND      North Dakota Secretary of State
UT      Utah Lieutenant Governor’s Office, State Elections Division
VT      Vermont Secretary of State
WA      Washington Secretary of State
WV      West Virginia Secretary of State

Sources for Expenditure Data

DE      Delaware Election Commission
IN      Indiana Secretary of State
MO      Missouri Ethics Commission
MT      Montana Political Practices Commission
NH      New Hampshire Secretary of State
NC      North Carolina Board of Elections
ND      North Dakota Secretary of State
UT      Utah Lieutenant Governor
VT      Vermont Secretary of State
WA      Washington Public Disclosure Commission
WV      West Virginia Secretary of State



2006 Gubernatorial Elections

PRIMARY SCHEDULE
MARCH
     7th - TX
     21st - IL

APRIL
        11th - TX runoff

,MAY
        2nd - OH
        9th - NE
        16th - OR PA
        23rd - AR ID

JUNE
        6th - AL CA IA NM SD
        13th - AR runoff ME SC
        27th - AL runoff SC runoff

JULY
        18th - GA


                                         41
     25th - OK

AUGUST
    1st - KS
    3rd - TN
    8th - CO CT MI
    15th - NV
    22nd - AK WY

SEPTEMBER
     5th - FL
     12th - AZ MD MN NH NY RI VT WI
     19th - MA
     23rd – HI


     Votes                                     Dollars

AL   Sec. of State                             Sec of State
AK   Lt Gov – Election Div                     Public Offices Commission
AZ   Sec. of State, Elections
AR   Sec. of State, Elections                  Sec. of State, Campaign Finance
CA   Sec. of State                             Campaign Finances, Ethics and Lobbyists
CO   Sec. of State                             Sec. of State, Campaign Finances
CT   Sec. of State                             Sec. of State
FL   Dept of State                             State Ethics Commission -2006 new
HI   Office of Elections                       Political Campaign Spending Records
ID   Sec. of State, Elections Division         Sec. of State, Elections Division
IL   Board of Elections                        Board of Elections, Campaign Disclosure
IA   Sec. of State                             Ethics & Campaign Disclosure Board
KS   Sec. of State                             Sec. of State, Campaign Finances
ME   Sec. of State                             Commission on Governmental Ethics &
                                                 Elections
MD   State Board of Elections                  State Board of Elections
MA   Sec. of State                             MA Office of Campaign & Political Finance
MI   Sec. of State                             Bureau of Elections, Dept. of State
MN   Sec. of State                             Campaign Finance & Public Disclosure Bd.
NE   Sec. of State                             Accountability & Disclosure Commission
NV   Sec. of State, Elections Division         Sec. of State, Elections Division
NH   Sec. of State, Elections Division         Sec. of State, Elections Division
NM   Sec. of State, Bureau of Elections        Public Regulatory Commission
NY   Board of Elections                        Board of Elections, Campaign Finance
OH   Sec. of State                             Sec. of State, Campaign Finance
OK   State Elections Board                     Ethics Commission
OR   Sec. of State, Elections Division         Sec. of State, Campaign Finance
PA   Sec. of State                             Dept. of State, Campaign Finance



                                          42
RI     Sec. of State, Elections Division      Sec. of State, Elections Division
SC     Election Commission, El. Division      State Ethics Commission
SD     Sec. of State, Bd. Of Elections        Sec. of State, Board of Elections
TN     Dept. of State, Elections Division     Dept. of State, Registry of Election Finance
         Under Legislature                     Under Legislature, or last category of units
TX     Sec. of State                          State Ethics Commission
VT     Sec. of State                          Sec. of State
WI     State Elections Board                  State Elections Board
WY     Sec. of State                          Sec. of State



2007 Gubernatorial Elections

Sources for Election Data

KY     Secretary of State
LA     Secretary of State
MS     Secretary of State

Sources for Expenditure Data

KY     Registry of Campaign Finance
LA     Ethics Administration Program
MS     Secretary of State



2008 Gubernatorial Elections

Political Notes and Explanations
1.       Under North Dakota law, candidates are not required to file reports on their
         expenditures. But they must file reports on the contributions that they received,
         hence these dollar figures are the amounts the candidates received for the race
         minus the cash left on hand in the final report.

Sources for Election Data

DE     Delaware Department of Elections
IN     Indiana Secretary of State
MO     Missouri Secretary of State
MT     Montana Secretary of State
NH     New Hampshire Secretary of State, Elections Division
NC     North Carolina State Board of Elections
ND     North Dakota Secretary of State
UT     Utah Lieutenant Governor‟s Office, State Elections Division
VT     Vermont Secretary of State
WA     Washington Secretary of State


                                         43
WV     West Virginia Secretary of State, Elections Division

Sources for Expenditure Data

DE     Delaware Election Commission
IN     Indiana Secretary of State
MO     Missouri Ethics Commission
MT     Montana Political Practices Commission
NH     New Hampshire Secretary of State
NC     North Carolina State Board of Elections
ND     North Dakota Secretary of State
UT     Utah Lieutenant Governor
VT     Vermont Secretary of State
WA     Washington Public Disclosure Commission
WV     West Virginia Secretary of State



2009 Gubernatorial Elections

Sources for Election Data

NJ     New Jersey Division of Elections, Attorney General‟s Office
VA     Virginia Board of Elections

Sources for Expenditure Data

NJ     New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission
VA     Virginia Board of Elections




                                          44

				
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