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					RRS Forum
Dublin, OH
              Global issues for resource
13 May 2009   sharing


              Katie Birch
              Delivery Services
              OCLC

              And a cast of thousands!
Are we in the import/export
business?

   Importing and exporting
    goods is a great way to
  expand your business and
    take part in the global
economy. In fact, companies
       that do business
 internationally grow faster
    and fail less often than
     companies that don't.
New kid on the block!



 Bavarian State Library – GEBAY

 8.96 million holdings set in WorldCat

 Started on WCRS network on March 30

 In their first two days, they received 185 requests

 In April, they received 2156 requests

 Requests have come from 22 different countries all around
  the world
Overview



                       Patron


           Payment                Sources



                      Libraries


           Shipping               Technology




                        Process
Factors to take in to consideration



 The economy

  Export - Income generation?

 Information

  Patrons expectations are higher

  Traditional ILL methods and policies have therefore been
  challenged

  At the same time, technology has made communication
  easier

  WorldCat holdings explosion
          Some facts and figures


           Projections for FY09
94,305 requests to the USA from 29 countries
  85,231 requests from the USA to from 42
                 countries
WCRS - Worldwide usage




                         Americas, 7



     EMEA, 17
                                   APAC, 6
Copies – requests to the US - imports



  35000
  30000
  25000
   20000
   15000
   10000
    5000
          0
                                         FY09 Projected

                                        FY08
Loans – requests to the US - imports



  16000
  14000
  12000
  10000
   8000
    6000
    4000
    2000
          0
                                        FY09 Projected

                                       FY09
Copy requests from the US to overseas -
exports


 18000
  16000
  14000
  12000
  10000
   8000
    6000
    4000
    2000
          0


                                           FY09…
                                          FY08
Loan requests from US to overseas - exports



25000

20000

15000

 10000

  5000

        0


                                               FY09 projected
                                              FY08
    Requests going out of the US - exports

         Country       Number of   Copies    Loans
                       customers
1        Japan         118         1423      505
2        Canada        88          16700     20436
3        UK            52          1180      2995
4        Denmark       14          1148      3233
5        Australia     10          4327      3101
6        New Zealand   10          483       568
7        Germany       10          261       345
8        South Korea   9           976       279
9        Turkey        7           2531      145
10       Hong Kong     5           1260      1065
        How do we do it?


Process, Technology, Shipping and
            Payment
Barriers – do we put up our own?



 From a Canadian library -

 It costs less to borrow from Europe than the
    U.S. (even with the extra shipping
    charges). In half the cases, the European
    libraries lend it free or send us a pdf
    version for free. We do not charge
    European libraries for our loans.

   Treatment of patrons and lack of trust
The same everywhere?



                        Local

                       Consortial



                        National




                       International
                           1-3%
Technology




   Consortia   National   International



   Closed      Closed      Closed
   & Open      & Open      & Email
Formal vs. informal networks



 Formal                   Informal

 RLG SHARES               Contact made when
                           there is a need
 GIF project
                          Email
 Trans Tasman
  Interlending service

 LVIS
Shipping



 Copy requests are usually supplied electronically

  Returnables

   “The running joke we have for those who are terrified of
  sending their ILL materials overseas is that they suffer
  from "hydrophobia”. The definition of which is: a morbid
  dread of mailing books over large bodies of water.”



 Credit to Bob Krall – originator of the term “Hydrophobia”

  should be referenced on wikipedia
Payment preferences



 IFM

 Reciprocity

  “Reciprocity will flow from generosity”

 IFLA Vouchers

 Method of last resort – Invoices!
Thank You!

 Questions?

				
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