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									Arizona Facts                                                       Name:
“Diagnostic” Test                                                   Date:
                                                                    AZ Makeup Humanities / K. Goldsmith

Directions: Write the letter of the BEST answer in the blank at the left.

___ 1. Which is not one of Arizona‟s nicknames?
       a. Grand Canyon State
       b. Buckeye State
       c. Valentine State

___ 2. What are the state colors?
       a. blue and red
       b. blue and green
       c. blue and gold

___ 3. What is the state bird?
       a. Roadrunner
       b. Cactus Wren
       c. Ostrich

___ 4. What is the state gem?
       a. diamond
       b. ruby
       c. turquoise

___ 5. What is the state tree?
       a. Saguaro cactus
       b. Palo Verde
       c. Cottonwood

___ 6. How does Arizona rate among size compared to the other states?
       a. 6th largest
       b. 15th largest
       c. 2nd largest

___ 7. Arizona‟s land is mostly owned...
       a. privately
       b. by Indians
       c. by the state

___ 8. Arizona became a territory in...
       a. 1734
       b. 1952
       c. 1863

___ 9. Arizona became a state in...
       a. 1912
       b. 1894
       c. 1962
___ 10. What is the Arizona state song?
       a. “Arizona, Arizona”
       b. “Arizona, My Love and Pride”
       c. “Arizona March Song”

___ 11. What is the state mammal?
       a. Javelina
       b. Ring-tail cat
       c. Coyote

___ 12. What is the highest point in Arizona?
       a. Mt. Humphrey’s
       b. Mt. Lawrence
       c. Mt. Everest

___ 13. What is the average state elevation?
       a. 4,000 ft.
       b. 5,000 ft.
       c. 6,000 ft.

___ 14. Oraibi, the supposedly oldest city in America, is located in the mesas of what Indian tribe?
       a. Cherokee
       b. Navajo
       c. Hopi

___ 15. The best preserved meteor crater in America is located near what Arizona city?
       a. Williams
       b. Winslow
       c. Flagstaff

___ 16. The last volcanic eruption in Arizona occurred at...
       a. Sunset Crater
       b. Sunrise Crater
       c. Sunshine Crater

___ 17. Arizona became a territory as part of New Mexico in...
       a. 1930
       b. 1850
       c. 1830

___ 18. Arizona‟s average rainfall ranges from...
       a. 3-30 inches/year
       b. 4/40 inches/year
       c. 5-50 inches/year

___ 19. What is Arizona‟s state reptile?
       a. Bull snake
       b. Iguana
       c. Ridge-nosed rattlesnake

___ 20. What is Arizona‟s state neck wear?
       a. Bow tie
       b. Bola tie
       c. Necktie
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: Prologue
1. When were the First Americans in Arizona?

2. How does that make you feel?

3. When did the Spanish arrive?     Why did they come?

4. Explain how the Spanish were also explorers.

5. Describe the meeting of the Jesuits and Franciscan missionaries and the Native peoples.

6. List 3 benefits and 3 detriments of Father Kino.

7. What did Arizonac originally mean in Tohono O’odham?

8. What are presidios and why were they built?

9. List at least FIVE native tribes/peoples.

10. Who was Tomas Garcés?

11. What and when were the golden years?

12. When did the first “white” people enter Arizona?

13. What lands did Mexico lose in 1848?

14. What was the Gadsden Purchase?

15. What happened to Cochise?

16. Where was the city of Phoenix built?

17. What is a phoenix?
18. What allowed for prosperity in the Salt River Valley?

19. Why was Tombstone created?

20. Why was copper important to the age of electricity? to Arizona?

21. What were General Crook and General Miles assigned to do?

22. How did the Babbitt brothers begin? How did they survive (as far as business)?

23. Explain how Show Low, Lousy Gulch, Total Wreck, and Why were named.

24. Describe the difference between Mexican immigrants and other immigrants.

25. How many square miles is Arizona?               ______________

   What is Arizona’s rank in size?                  _______________

   Where does most of the population live? __________________ and ____________

26. List the FIVE milestones in Arizona history and WHY each is important.

   1. _____________________________________                 ______________________________________________

   2. _____________________________________                 ______________________________________________

   3. _____________________________________                 ______________________________________________

   4. _____________________________________                 ______________________________________________

   5. _____________________________________                 ______________________________________________
Directions: Read Pages 1 - 7 in the textbook and answer each of the following questions completely.

1. What are Arizona’s three physiographic zones? What percentage of Arizona’s total size does each zone hold?

2. Where does the drainage from Arizona eventually wind up?

3. Which four rivers in Arizona flow northward?

4. How is a desert classified?

5. How has the image of desert land changed through time? Identify how desert lands were perceived and describe
the impact.

6. Who developed Ecology? What is his theory on life zones?

7. What percentage of land in Arizona is desert? woodland forest? grassland?

8. Make a chart here depicting Arizona’s biotic communities and the plant life that lives in each (hint: see pages 3-4)
9. Name some of the wild life found in Arizona.

10. Describe Arizona’s rainfall seasons.

11. Construct a time line here of the earth’s major “ages”. Include details for each of the four ages.
Arizona A Cavalcade of History Chapter 2 (pages 8 - 19)
1. When did the Paleo Indians first arrive in Arizona?

2. What is the name of the land mass these early dwellers are assumed to have crossed?

3. Who were the second wave of migration?

4. What language did these Indians speak?

5. On what did the economy of the First Americans center?

6. When did the bow and arrow arrive in Arizona?

7. When did the big game animals begin to die off? Why?

8. What culture evolved from the First Americans?

9. In what activity did these early people begin to engage?

10. What was introduced from Mexico?

11. What is another name for the desert dwellers?

12. What fiber was used in making baskets?

13. List three crops that were cultivated.


14. What weapon was used for hunting?

15. What was the original home for the desert dweller?
16. Describe their home in A.D. 700.

17. To what type of dwelling did the circular houses give way ?

18. What is the name of the ceremonial chamber used for religious services?

19. What is the style of Anasazi pottery?

20. What dramatic change took place among the Anasazi in A.D.1050?

21. Why did this change happen?

22. Describe the pottery of the Mogollon culture.

23. Use three adjectives to describe the Mogollon people and their homes (differentiating them from the Anasazi).


24. What type of home did the Mogollon people prefer?

25. What influence of the Anasazi did the Mogollon use?

26. What changed on their pottery work? Why?

27. What caused the decline of the Mogollon culture?

28. Name three ruins in Arizona representing the Anasazi and Mogollon cultures (see map, p 12)

29. Name four things we do not know about the Hohokam.
30. When did the Hohokam arrive and from where?

31. What did Salt River provide them?

32. Who and when were oxen and horses introduced to the Hohokam?

33. What were the Hohokam able to engineer?

34. What size were the canals?

35. What were the Hohokams’ major crops?

36. Use three sentences to describe pit houses.

37. What building was unique to the Hohokam?

38. What was the sophistication developed in their pottery?

39. Name at least four ceramic items created by the Hohokam.



40. What are monos and metates?

41. What was the Hohokam trade network?

42. What did the Hohokam import from Mexico?

43. What did they import from the Gulf of California?

44. Who wore fancy jewelry and face paint in the Hohokam culture?

45. What year was the great drought?
46. What could have happened if the soil had become saturated?

47. Who may be their descendants (what tribes of today?)

48 - 50. Name the three major prehistoric cultures of Arizona.


Summarize the highlights of Chapter two here in 5 sentences. (50 points)

Historical Review: Give complete answers for the questions below.
Prehistory / Paleo-Indians

1. Name the four major paleo-Indian groups or cultures which flourished in prehistoric Arizona.

2. What were the dates of the three major cultural migrations into North America?

3. Which culture built the largest canal and irrigation system in North America, and influenced many other ancient cultures?

4. Which prehistoric culture flourished around Flagstaff and the Verde Valley?

Historic Arizona Tribes

5. Name three historic Native-American tribes (recorded by Europeans).

6. Who are “the people of the blue-green water” (what is the tribe’s name), and where do they live?

7. Name one of the Athabascan-speaking tribes of historic Arizona.

Spanish Explorers

8. What are two of the main reasons the Spanish expeditions visited this region?

9. Rumors of what brought many explorers through Arizona? (more than one word for answer)

10. Name 2 important explorers &/or expeditions from this period.

Mexican Period

11. When did Mexico gain its independence from Spain?

12. Which American president, using the belief in Manifest Destiny, started the Mexican War? When did this war occur?

13. What treaty ended the war? What were the terms of the treaty?

American Explorers & Pathfinders

14. Who was portrayed as “not a typical mountain man”, and why?

15. Who has a mountain, a river and a city named after him?

16. Who “saw more of the West than any other man”?
17. When was the Mojave Massacre, and who was involved?

American Soldiers & Indian Wars

18. During what thirty-year time period did the major Indian wars or campaigns occur? When and how was the “Indian
problem” resolved?

19. Who were the Buffalo Soldiers, when were they active, and how did they get their name?

20. Describe the Long Walk (who was involved, when and where it occurred).

21. What pivotal event made the Apache medicine man, Geronimo, go “on the war path”?

Mining & Miners

22. What event made 100,000 people leave all behind to come West? When and where did it occur?

23. Tombstone was known mainly for its _____________ mines.

24. Arizona was known primarily for its rich reserves of ______________.

Cowboys & Ranchers

25. Who was the first cattleman in Arizona? Why did he bring cattle here?

26. Name the influentual company founded by Edward Kinsley. Where was it located?

27. Why did the Babbit brothers become so prominent? List 3 things they became famous for, or dominant in.

28. What cowboy-related invention is still influential today? Describe this invention, and tell who made it.
Arizona Cavalcade of History: Chapter 3/Arizona’s Native Americans
Directions: Answer each question completely using your textbook!

1. Upon what was the native people’s existence based?

2. Upon what was (and is ) Native American religion based?

       a) Who is their mother?

       b) Who are their gods?

3. What are the three language groups for Arizona’s Indians?

       Which tribes belong to each group?


1. From whom did the Navajo adopt their customs?

2. Which of the Navajo customs is not “borrowed”? What are they called?

3. At what did the Navajo become more adept than their Apache neighbors?

4. Against whom did the Navajo fight while raiding?

5. Who rounded up the Navajo and relocated them in 1864?

6. What is the 1864 Navajo relocation called?

7. What killed more than 2,000 in 1865?

8. When did the tribe and the federal government negotiate their first treaty?

9. When did the Navajo first organize themselves into tribal government?

10. Who was their last great chief and first tribal chairperson?
11. Who heads the clan in Navajo culture?

12. Explain in your own words the Navajo Creation Story.

13. What is the Navajo name for themselves and what does it mean?

14. What two valuable resources are found on Navajo land?


15. List three taboos in Navajo culture.



16. Why are the clothes and moccasins put on backwards when a person dies?

17. For what is the north hole of a hogan?

18. Why are there no windows in the north wall of the hogan?

19. What are spirits or ghosts that inhabit a dead hogan called?

20. What are witches who live among the living called?

21. What are Navajo psychics called?

22. What is hosho?

23. What is the Navajo title for the medicine man?

24. What is used to cure ills?

25. What do you do before you enter a Navajo sweat bath?

1. When did the Apache arrive in the southwest?

2. List the seven groups of Apache and the areas in which they settled.

3. What is the derivation of the word Apache?

4. Describe the Apache style of fighting.

5. Why were leaders chosen?

6. Who is the Apache supreme being?

7. Explain in your own words the Apache creation story.

8. Who are crown dancers?

9. What is the population of Arizona’s Apache Nation?
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: Chapters 4 and 5

1. For what were early Spanish explorers searching?

2. What did they find instead?

3. Spain became what?

4. What does penchant for saving lost souls mean?

5. For what else were natives needed?

6. Who did Mendoza recruit to lead expedition?

7. How did the Zuni’s treat Esteban?

8. What year did Coronado leave?

9. To where and why did Pedro de Tovar set off?

11. Who was sent to find the river?

12. What did he find instead?

13. What does Camino del Diablo mean?

14. What did Espejo find in the Verde Valley?

15. What did de Ornate find in Prescott?

16. How did Spain decide to control the new area?


17. Who were the first missionaries in Arizona?
18. When did they arrive?

19/20. What did these padres name? and, in honor of whom?

21. What did the missionaries overlook?

22. What does forced labor mean?

23. What did medicine men do?

24. When was the Great Missionary Period?

25. What were the padres supposed to do to the natives?

26. How were the natives willing to accept the Christian faith?

27. The Pueblo culture did not lend itself to what?

28. The Great Pueblo Revolt of 1680 caused what?

29. Who led the Re conquest of New Mexico?

30. What was discovered in 1736?

31. Who was the padre on horseback?

32. What followed the exit of Jesuits?

33. Where were colonist-soldiers and their families taken to make a new settlement?

34. Where was a trade route established?

35. What year was the Yuma rebellion?

36. The Yuma Revolt caused what?
37. Name four items each soldier carried.

38. Give the Spanish word for bull hide shirt and leather leggings.

39. What term have we acquired today?

40. What style of fighting did the Apaches prefer?

41. Describe the Galvez Plan.

42. What year was the Mexican Revolt?
Arizona HISTORY Project: chapters 2-5
Now that you have studied in depth the ancient peoples of the Southwest, you will APPLY your knowledge in this
FOUR part project.

Part ONE: choose ONE

1. Design a FLYER or POSTCARD highlighting Native Peoples’ contributions to civilization (i.e. pottery, farming,
canals, harmony with the environment, etc.) You must include at least 4 of these types of contributions. You should
also have captions explaining the images.

2. Create a CHART or MAP displaying and explaining the major waves of Native Migration to the arrival of Native
People in the Southwest. You must also show the opposing wave of the invaders/missionaries as well.

3. Build a MODEL of a Native home and village, include a sample of daily activities.
OR make a color SKETCH of their homes and daily activities.

Part Two: Required
4. Type a FORMAL letter to the Spanish King in Coronado’s voice. You will report to the king what you have
discovered (or not discovered), the problems you’ve encountered and any successes you’ve had. (i.e. religion,
wrong directions, Seven Fabled Cities of Gold, etc.)
Follow all the standards of formal letter writing *see Writer’s Inc. book. Minimum of 4 paragraphs, including an
opening, support graphs (with details) and closing.
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: Chapter 6
Directions: Answer each of the following questions

1. Who called for the people to rally around freedom?

2. Who was the first and worst despot for Mexico?

3. Of which state of Mexico did Arizona become part?

4. What did the Mexican Republic start to do in 1839 to stop the Apaches?

5. What was this policy called?

6. Scalp hunting for government pay lasted until when?

7. What other policy was terminated at the same time?

8. What played a significant role for the first American penetrations into Arizona?

9. Where did Ewing Young trap?

10. What did the American trappers do to avoid having their furs impounded?

11. Write in your own words a biographical sketch of Kit Carson......

12. Who wrote the first written account of Arizona?

13. What was Joseph Walker’s most valuable contribution?

14. How did Tom “Peg Leg” Smith loose his leg?

15. What did he find west of Yuma?

16. What does eccentric mean?

17. What was Ol’ Bill Williams’ nickname? How did he get this nickname?

18. How did Kern and Leroux honor Ol’ Bill?

19. What did the early mountain men contribute most?
20. What did the cry, “Manifest Destiny”, mean?

21. Why did President James Polk send John Slidell to Mexico?

22. Where did the Mexican/American War begin?

23. What did the Plains Indians call Col. Stephen Watts Kearny?

24. What was unique about Kearny’s conquest of New Mexico?

25. Who did the Army of the West lose a bloody battle to near San Diego?

26. When did the Mormon Battalion reach Tucson?

27. When did the Mormon Battalion reach California?

28. What did James Marshall find at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento?
 Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: Chapter 7
Directions: Answer each of the following.

1. When did the War with Mexico end? What treaty was signed? What land claims did Mexico cede?

2. Why did President Franklin Pierce send James Gadsden to Mexico in 1853?

3. What was included in the Gadsden Treaty? When was it signed?

4. When was the final U.S./Mexico boundary survey completed? What were some of the issues that influenced the
boundary making ? (identify at least two)

5. Why did the steamboat business on the Colorado fail to survive?

6. Who was “Hi Jolly”?

7. What did Jesse Leach build in 1858 in southern Arizona?

8. When was the first mail and passenger line across Arizona chartered? What was its path?

9. Who was John Butterfield? What was the Butterfield stage route?

10. Describe the difference between the Concord and Celerity Wagon stagecoaches.

11. When and where was the America flag first raised in Arizona?

12. What and where was the first mineral mined in Arizona?
13. What does “firing off the anvil” refer to?

14. Describe boletas.

15. What caused Mexico to place an embargo on commerce in 1857?

16. What precipitated the Apache War on Americans?

17. Summarize the hope and the despair of the 1850’s in the New Mexico Territory. Use complete sentences in
paragraph form.

MAP WORK: Historical Development of Arizona and New Mexico Boundaries. Download a map from the
internet. Work carefully and use different colors to identify expedition routes. Map work will be graded stringently.

1. Name and locate on the map the four pre Civil War military posts in the Arizona Territory.

2. Identify and locate on the map the expeditions of : Sitgreaves, Whipple, Aubry, Ives, Lincoln, Jaeger, Parke and

3. Create a legend for your map work on this page:
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: CHAPTERS 8 AND 9
Directions: Answer each of the following using COMPLETE SENTENCES.


1. Why did the “Confederate Territory of Arizona” declare war on the Indians?

2. Explain

CHAPTER 9 Explain the importance of each of the following.

1. Intro/Gold Rush --Logan and Travis

2. Silverado -- Pearl and Michelle

3. The Copper Kings (p.127-132) -- Sita and Sandra

4. Globe - Marci and Kati

5. Miami/Superior/Ray/Hayden/Christmas -- Javier and Latanya

6. Bisbee -- Matt and Kraig

7. Jerome -- Tyler Blevins and Jesse
ARIZONA CAVALCADE OF HISTORY:Chapter 10 - Legends in Levi’s

1. What are the three characteristics attributed to men and women of the Old West?

2. Who were America’s first cowboys?

3. What are three other names for cowboys?

4. What are the four character manifestations we ascribe to cowboys and the “winning” of the West? (4 points)

5. What was all you needed to become a cowboy?

6. Give an example of a cowboy’s EXTREME self-confidence:

7. What were two other characteristics that cowboys were well known for?

8. What is another term for Arizona cowboys?

9. Describe the cowboy’s most distinguishable feature.
10. What is the Spanish word for #9? What does it mean?

11. Where is the name chaps derived from?

12. What were three uses for the neckerchief?

13. Describe the type of boot a cowboy needs and prefers.

14. What is the major importance of spurs?

15. What does the phrase “sellin’ ones’s saddle” mean?

16. Describe “hoss Jewelry.”

17. Describe la reata.

18. Give the history of the cow pony. Go DEEP here!

19. Describe a longhorn?
20. Who was Arizona’s first cowboy?

21. What caused the ruin of the rancheros?

22. How much of the U.S. Army was in Arizona by 1886?

23. Who was the second type of raider to emerge in Arizona?

24. What is the significance of the Tonto, Bloody and Horsethief basins?

25. What was the impact of Henry Clay Hooker?

26. Choose one of the early ranching enterprises and describe the history and of the ranch: John Young, Edward
Kinsley, Babbitt Brothers.

27. What caused the end of the freewheeling days of the open range?

1. What do gunfighters of the West embody?

2. What conditions led to the over-romanticizing of gunfighters?

3. What had not caught up with the rush of settlements in the West?

4. What was the basic tool of the gun fighting trade? Describe in detail. (5 POINTS)

5. Why was it called the “equalizer”?

6. What was the most feared weapon?

7. What was used before metallic cartridges? How were they dangerous?

8. What impact did the revolver have on history?

9. Who picked up the Colt patent? What changes were made in the firearm?

10. What was the Winchester Model?
11. Describe black powder.

12. What was the “lure” of Arizona for “knights in dusty leather”?

13. Depict the “good guys” and the “bad guys” in historical Tombstone. Itemize at least 8 characteristics for each
      „GOOD GUYS”                                          “BAD GUYS”










14. Describe what happened in Cochise County after Wyatt Earp killed off the rustler hierarchy.

15. Describe the famous feud of Pleasant Valley. Write at least 3 paragraphs (3-5 sentences each)
16. Who was Jim Roberts and where was his impact?

17. Describe one incident from Prescott’s history

18. Write a four sentence biography for George Ruffner.

19. What kept most of the Arizona territory isolated?

20. What two things led to the creation of a ranger force?

21. Describe the Arizona Rangers. What year were they established?

22. What three changes did Tom Rynning bring to the Arizona Rangers?

23. Describe the Ranger’s working arrangement with the Rurales of northern Mexico.
24. What was the requirement for a town to headquarter the Arizona Rangers? What two towns were headquarters?

25. What was Tom Rynning’s unusual method of crime detection?

26. Who was Harry Wheeler?

27. What was the issue that concerned the Democratic political party in the early years of the 1900s.?

28. When and why did the Arizona Rangers go out of existence?
Read Chapter 12 and develop a time line for transportation development in the Arizona Territory---

1. Why was Arizona not welcomed by the Congress of the United States to join the Union?

2. What was the major influence that convinced the Congress to accept Arizona?

Why was this viewed as important/

3. Arizona is said to have been a “sort of” territory three times. Give this history.

4. When was the Arizona Territory created?

5. Who were the first Arizona territorial officers? (name six with the office held)
6. Why wasn’t Tucson selected as the territorial capital? (TWO reasons)

7. When, where and why were the first oaths of office taken? (three points)

8. How was the name of the first capital of Arizona chosen?

9. What is the seal of Arizona composed of?

10. Who became the second governor of the Arizona Territory? What was the focus of his work?

11. When was the capital moved to Tucson?

12. What was the greatest achievement of the First Territorial Legislature?
13. Choose one of the following territorial leaders and write a short biography:
      Justice William T. Howell
      Charles Poston
      Sylvester Mowry

14. Create a chart (draw it here) depicting the population growth in the Arizona Territory beginning with the year
territory status was granted and ending with 1912, statehood.
15. What were Arizona’s original four counties?

16. What were four factors that delayed Statehood for Arizona?

17. Identify at least three reasons why territorial status not a very good period for Arizona.






18. What is a bicameral legislature?
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History: Chapter 13 The Journey to Statehood

Directions: Answer each of the following completely.

Chapter 13 Territorial Politics

1. What is the Organic Act of 1862? (*You will need to use American Nation or look it up online.)

2. When did Arizona become a territory and who signed the statute?

3. How was Prescott named? What began here in 1864?

4. What is Whiskey Row?

5. For what FIVE things did Richard McCormick push?

6. The Capital on Wheels refers to which cities?

7. What appropriations did the first session of the Territorial Legislature make?

8. What was the Howell Code and why was it important?

9. Who was Charles Poston? And why is he important?

10. Who really brought Arizona Territory into the Union in 1863?

11. What was the population according to the 1880 census?

12. For how many years was Arizona a territory?
13. List FOUR factors that delayed statehood.

14. What were the benefits of becoming a state? (List FOUR)

15. List FOUR good things that came as a result of the 13th session or the Thieving Thirteenth.

16. Who was Kissin Jenny and how did she help Phoenix become the capital in 1889?

17. Who was William O. Buckey O‟Neill?

18. What was the joint-statehood bill and why didn’t it pass?

19. What was the Enabling Act and how did it help Arizona become a state?

20. What SIX measures were initially voted on in the Constitution?

21. Which measures lost and which stayed?

22. When did Arizona officially become a state?
Chapter 14 Life in the Territorial Years

1. What did gold and silver prospectors need?

2. Name FIVE things for which Nellie Cashman was known.

3. Who was John Y.T. Smith and how did he get his name?

4. Who was Jack Swilling?

5. What was Swilling‟s plan for monetary gain?

6. Who was Bryan Philip Darrell Duppa?

7. What is the oldest house in Phoenix?

8. Describe the process of becoming a city and county seat.

9. How big was Phoenix in 1880?

10. What ONE thing was going to make Phoenix happen?

11. Why did William J. Murphy build the Arizona Canal?

12. Which three cities were in the running to be the state capitol?

13. Who was Jacob Hamblin?

14. Quote a journal entry describing the reconnaissance expedition sent to the Little Colorado River.
15. Describe the Mormon precautions against Indian attacks. (list FIVE)

16. What is the only surviving Mormon settlement? Why did the others fail?

17. Who is the Hastings (Donner Party) who wrote a book called The Marvelous Country ? WHY is he like

18. How did Flagstaff get its name?

19. What is the Honeymoon Trail ?

20. What is polygamy? How did it affect Arizona?

21. List SEVEN Jewish accomplishments.

22. Explain Barry Goldwater‟s religious origins.

23. How did the Buffalo Soldiers get their name?

24. How did the Riordans gain wealth?

25. What were the major leisure activities during this time period? (Summarize p. 227-234)
Chapter 15 The Baby State

1. How did women assert themselves? (List FOUR)

2. Why were there ostriches in Arizona? (E/C: *Where is there an ostrich ranch today?!)

3. Why was Beatrice Gonzales going to be arrested on Washington Street?

4. Why did the cowboy buy so many movie tickets?

5. Who was Gen. Francisco Pancho Villa?

6. What was the Zimmerman Note?

7. Who were John Henry Pruitt and Frank Luke, Jr.? And why were they important?

8. What was the Great Spanish Flu Epidemic? What does this tell us about health, etc.?

9. America’s entry into World War I had positive effects on Arizona’s economy, list FIVE of those effects.

10. What else was World War I called and when did it end?
Chapter 16 The 1920s and 30s / Boom and Bust

1. What happened to cotton and copper when World War I ended? How did it reverse later?

2. Define halcyon. (p. 248 b)

3. What was the biggest threat to safety at the Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix?

4. Why would it be important for a new state to have airports? (Think this one through!)

5. What did Patrick Murphy do at Naco, Arizona and Naco, Sonora?

6. Why did the population of Arizona decrease by 50,000 between 1932 and 1936?

7. Ironically, what was built during the depression that later became a huge industry in Arizona?

8. What was John McPhee‟s story?

Chapter 17 Harnessing the Great Rivers

1. Describe what happened to the Salt River and its surrounding areas before the National Reclamation Act.

2. What was the Salt River Project?

3. What did the Tonto Dam eventually become?
4. How did California figure into water issues? How does California figure in today?

5. What did the Hoover Dam accomplish?

6. What was the controversy about the Parker Dam?

7. Quote Will Rogers at the dedication of the Parker Dam and San Carlos Lake. Explain.

8. What was the riparian doctrine of water law?

9. What is the Doctrine of Prior Appropriation and Beneficial Use that was based on the Spanish codes?

10. How much water are Arizonans consuming today?

11. From where does 60% of this water come?

12. What did Barry Goldwater say that a westerner will fight over?
Arizona: A Cavalcade of Histor: yQUIZ chapters 14-17

_____ 1. What two things did most of the newcomers to Arizona need?
           a) religion and a jail
           b) mining equipment and Levis
           c) food and protection from the natives

_____ 2. What one item allowed Phoenix to exist?
           a) politicians
           b) water
           c) mineral wealth: silver, gold and copper

_____ 3. What were the first canals to be used by Swilling?
           a) natural dry river beds
           b) enclosed cement receptacles
           c) Hohokam ditches

_____ 4. Bryan Philip Darrell Duppa . . .
            a) was a drunk who spoke five languages and named Phoenix
            b) profited from water distribution from northern Arizona
            c) was a British Lord who established the education system in Arizona

_____ 5. John Y.T. Smith ran for territorial assembly in 1874 and differentiated himself by
            a) adding Yours Truly to his name legally
            b) tackling the big politicians in Washington for more funding
            c) being one of Roosevelt’s Rough Riders and the first officer to die

_____ 6. Nellie Cashman was known for all of the following EXCEPT . . .
             a) restaurateur
             b) Alaska gold rush prospector
             c) first ever school teacher for territory
             d) Angel of the mining camps

_____ 7. The man who resembled Hastings from the Donner Party because he wrote about
agricultural land he had never seen was . . .
              a) Barry Goldwater
              b) Samuel W. Cozzens
              c) Bryan Philip Darrell Duppa

_____ 8. Flagstaff was named during a centennial celebration in 1876 when they raised a flag on a skinned
             a) TRUE
             b) FALSE

_____ 9. The African-American soldiers were called Buffalo Soldiers because . . .
            a) they were as strong and fast as buffalo
            b) they were mostly large men who could carry enormous weight
            c) their skin and hair resembled that of buffalo

_____ 10. Polygamy refers to the Mormon practice of
             a) taking the Honeymoon Trail back to a temple in Utah
             b) having more than one wife
             c) singing hymns on dangerous trails
_____ 11. Former Senator Barry Goldwater is Jewish.
             a) TRUE
             b) FALSE

_____ 12. Jacob Hamblin was a leader . . .
             a) of Mormon settlers in Arizona
             b) in the Arizona Senate in 1912
             c) a drunk who misnamed Hamblin, Arizona

_____ 13. All of the following were leisure activities of this time period EXCEPT . . .
             a) singles bars and saloons
             b) dancing girls and short time ladies
             c) miners who raced to see who could dig the deepest hole
             d) snowshoeing

_____ 14. Wyatt Earp‟s wife, Josie Marcus Earp, was Jewish.
            a) TRUE
            b) FALSE

_____ 15. The Riordans gained their wealth (and their mansion in Flagstaff) from . . .
             a) lumber
             b) water distribution
             c) land speculation

_____ 16. Some women during this time asserted themselves in all of the following EXCEPT
             a) weaving Native American baskets for tourists
             b) daredevil pilot
             c) Congresswomen and Senators
             d) attending law school

_____ 17. Beatrice Gonzales was arrested on Washington Street for wearing a Paris Slit Skirt that showed too
             much ankle.
             a) TRUE
             b) FALSE

_____ 18. General Francisco Pancho Villa was
             a) a general in the Spanish-American War
             b) a Mexican Revolutionary leader in 1910
             c) a Texan who moved to Mexico

_____ 19. The Zimmerman Note was a German ploy to
             a) keep the U.S. out of WWI by causing problems with Mexico
             b) create dirigible reconnaissance / surveillance craft for use in WWI
             c) scramble all military codes using Navajo as the language

_____ 20. World War I ended on November 11 . . .
            a) 1867
            b) 1912
            c) 1944
            d) 1918
_____ 21. Halcyon means
             a) bright and see through
             b) calm and peaceful
             c) a great economy that thrives

_____ 22. Tourism was created in Arizona
             a) at the beginning of WWI
             b) in the Roaring Twenties
             c) during the Great Depression

_____ 24. John McPhee was known for
             a) killing and capturing many Germans in WWI
             b) killing Santa Claus
             c) bombing Naco, Arizona

_____ 25. The major reasons to build dams were to
             a) provide water for thirsty California
             b) show our engineering capabilities and employ Depression unemployed
             c) to control the flow of water and to store water for future use

_____ 26. The Doctrine of prior Appropriation and Beneficial Use says that
             a) whoever owns the land owns the water rights
             b) the Federal government should decide where the water is best used
             c) whoever first owned the land cannot be denied water use from later owners

_____ 27. According to this edition of the book, Arizonans currently use how much water?
             a) twice the replenishment rate
             b) the exact amount as is replenished
             c) half the replenishment rate

_____ 28. The Salt River Project was unusual in that the Federal Government required
             a) landowners to fund the dam initially, then be repaid
             b) California to provide Arizona with water for its use
             c) all of the water to go to California for all time

_____ 29. Most of the water that Arizona uses comes from
            a) California
            b) Ground water
            c) Rains

_____ 30. Frank Luke Jr. was a hero because
             a) he brought water to Arizona through the use of canals
             b) he shot down 14 German balloons and 4 aircraft before dying
             c) he created a plan for tourism that we continue to use today
Arizona: A Cavalcade of History Test: chapters 13-17
Directions: Place the letter of the BEST answer in the blank on the answer sheet.

____ 1. Arizona became a territory when this president signed the bill . . .
       a. Harry Truman
       b. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
       c. Abraham Lincoln
       d. George W. Bush

____ 2. Which of the following was NOT the location of the state capital?
       a. Tucson
       b. Prescott
       c. Phoenix
       d. Showlow

____ 3. The Howell Code named after Associate Justice William T. Howell was important because
       a. it set up the rules of the court
       b. it set up laws for the new territory
       c. it set up the railroads and highways
       d. it set up a system of police and law enforcement agencies

____ 4. In order to first become a territory, Arizona had to have all of the following EXCEPT ONE
       a. the Organic Act
       b. mining and railroads
       c. a code of laws
       d. a constitution

____ 5. Whiskey Row was located in
       a. Tucson
       b. Phoenix
       c. Prescott
       d. Jerome
____ 6. All of the following EXCEPT ONE delayed Arizona becoming a state
       a. outlawry
       b. Apache Wars
       c. no permanent Capital
       d. lack of good roads

____ 7. Kissin‟ Jenny helped to delay a Yavapai County Delegate who was going to vote on the capital in 1889
       a. drinking his glass eye
       b. keeping him busy dancing all night
       c. shooting out all the street lights
       d. accusing him of robbery and assault

____ 8. The state joint-hood bill in 1904 was going to
       a. make all 3 state capitals into one
       b. combine Arizona and New Mexico
       c. allow Arizona to choose its own capital site
       d. allocate the federal constitution as the state one
____ 9. The Enabling Act of 1910 allowed Arizona to become a state by authorizing
       a. law enforcement and prisons
       b. money and federal aid
       c. a constitutional convention
       d. a capital in Phoenix

____ 10. Arizona was a territory for the longest time in history . . .
       a. 62 years
       b. 25 years
       c. 100 years
       d. 11 years

____ 11. All of the following EXCEPT ONE would be a benefit of becoming a state
       a. vote in presidential elections
       b. have a university system
       c. representatives who could vote
       d. control of their own finances

____ 12. Arizona officially became a state on February 14 . . .
       a. 1759
       b. 1943
       c. 1863
       d. 1912

____ 13. Nellie Cashman was known as
       a. Angel of the Mining Camps
       b. a Lady of the Night (hooker)
       c. an excellent markswoman
       d. the first lady doctor

____ 14. Gold and silver miners most needed
       a. churches
       b. entertainment
       c. picks and shovels
       d. food

____ 15. Jack Swilling‟s plan for money and irrigation involved
       a. cleaning out the Hohokam canals
       b. diverting water from the L.A. area
       c. buying water rights from the Native Americans
       d. collecting rainwater and ground water in an elaborate tunnel system

____ 16. What ONE thing was going to make Phoenix viable?
       a. people or population growth
       b. air conditioning
       c. money
       d. water

____ 17. Flagstaff got its name from
       a. a centennial celebration with a tree and a flag
       b. Jacob Hamblin and his missionaries
       c. Kissin’ Jenny
       d. the Honeymoon Trail
____ 18. Young couples hoping to have their marriage “sealed” in a temple traveled the Honeymoon Trail
better known as
       a. I-40
       b. I-17
       c. 89A
       d. I-8

____ 19. Polygamy is
       a. the method of travel by train
       b. a system of laws in a territory
       c. a game to pass the time on the trail
       d. plural marriage

____ 20. African Americans known as Buffalo Soldiers were called this because of their
       a. incredible size and maneuverability
       b. dark skin and woolly hair
       c. of the clothing they wore which resembled the animal
       d. ferocity and willingness to fight

____ 21. The Riordans gained wealth from
       a. buffalo
       b. timber
       c. gold
       d. statehood

____ 22. Barry Goldwater was partially
       a. Jewish
       b. African American
       c. Hispanic
       d. outlaw

____ 23. Ostriches came to Arizona because of
       a. their eggs
       b. their feathers
       c. their ability to carry heavy loads
       d. their tender meat

____24 . Beatrice Gonzales was going to be arrested on the streets for
      a. stealing
      b. being a “lady of the evening”
      c. wearing a slit skirt
      d. smoking a cigarette

____ 25. General Francisco Pancho Villa was
       a. a tejano in Texas
       b. a rancher near Prescott
       c. a famous senator in Phoenix
       d. a revolutionary Mexican hero

____ 26. The Zimmerman Note outlined a plan for Germany to
       a. return to Mexico AZ, NM and TX should the US enter the war
       b. aid in Mexico’s entry into the war in the Pacific
       c. give Mexico foreign aid ($) for its espionage efforts
       d. produce pilots for missions over European air
____ 27. The Great Spanish Flu Epidemic caused all of the following EXCEPT ONE
       a. made the public aware of the spread of viruses
       b. closed social gatherings
       c. aided in discovering a flu vaccine
       d. killed over half a million Americans

____ 28. “The Great War to End All Wars” or World War I ended on November 11 . . .
       a. 1865
       b. 1945
       c. 1918
       d. 1776

____ 29. John Henry Pruitt and Frank Luke, Jr. were both
       a. gold miners
       b. war heroes
       c. politicians in the state capital
       d. judges in the State Supreme Court

____ 30. Which of the following were an important part of the state‟s economy in the late teens and twenties?
       a. lettuce and tomatoes
       b. apples and oranges
       c. soybeans and wheat
       d. copper and cotton

____ 31. Halcyon means
       a. without water; dry
       b. hateful or irritating
       c. peaceful; calm
       d. warlike or treacherous

____ 32. Where has a lot of Arizona water gone in the past and where does it continue to go now?
       a. Texas
       b. Utah
       c. Mexico
       d. California

____ 33. The riparian doctrine of water law states that the landowner
       a. must allow others access to water on his/her property
       b. can control water running through his/her property
       c. relinquishes all of his/her rights to the state government
       d. only animals or native vegetation should benefit from water usage

____ 34. How much water do Arizonans consume today?
       a. twice the replenishment rate
       b. less than half of the available ground water
       c. only that which can be collected from future rain storms
       d. more than the entire eastern portion of the US

____ 35. At the dedication of the Parker Dam and San Carlos Lake, Will Rogers said “If it was my lake, I‟d . .
       a. drown in it
       b. applaud it
       c. drain it
       d. mow it
____ 36. Airports were important for Arizona, a new state, because of all of the following reasons EXCEPT
       a. Boeing Corporation
       b. tourism
       c. population
       d. access

____ 37. Between 1932 and 1936 Arizona‟s population
       a. more than doubled in size
       b. decreased by 50,000 people
       c. remained constant
       d. all of the above

____ 38. These were built during the Depression, but later became a huge industry for Arizona
       a. mining communities
       b. farms
       c. bridges and dams
       d. resorts

____ 39. Who “killed Santa Claus” in Mesa during the Depression?
       a. John Quincy Adams, president
       b. John McCain, senator
       c. John McPhee, editor
       d. John Y.T. Smith, average citizen

____ 40. The Salt River Project and the National Reclamation Act
       a. went bankrupt and had to be taken over by the government
       b. sent water to Mexico through a system of canals
       c. controlled flooding and built Roosevelt Dam
       d. made Las Vegas possible by diverting water to the west
AZ Constitution:“Interpretation”

Directions: For each section listed below, provide a summary in your own words. Look the Constitution up online


Article I / State Boundaries:

Article II / Declaration of Rights:

Article II / Distribution of Powers:

Article IV / Legislative Department

       Part One:

       Part Two:

Article V / Executive Department

Article VI / Judicial Department

Article VI.I / Commission on Judicial Conduct

Article VII / Suffrage and Elections

Article VIII / Removal From Office

       Part One:

       Part Two:

Article IX / Public Debt, Revenue, and Taxation
Article X / State and School Lands

Article XI / Education

Article XII / Counties

Article XIII / Municipal Corporations

Article XIV / Corporations Other than Municipal

Article XV / The Corporation Commission

Article XVI / Militia

Article XVII / Water Rights

Article XVIII / Labor

Article XIX / Mines

Article XX / Ordinance

Article XXI / Mode of Amending

Article XXII / Schedule and Miscellaneous


Article XXV / Right to Work

Article XXVI / Real Estate

Article XXVII / Health, Education and Welfare

Article XXVIII / English as the Official Language
AZ Journey to Statehood: TEST
Directions: Place the letter of the BEST answer in the blank.

___ 1. US Civil War                         A. A term for making more senators, creating new ones
___ 2. Charles D. Poston                    Indian culture and “solved” the Indian Problem

___ 3. Organic Act                          C. Crucial event that led to bringing the territory into existence in the
                                            first place!

___ 4. Progressivism                        D. a monetary policy based on silver and gold as the standard

___ 5. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo          E. bought the last remaining piece of AZ at the Gila River

___ 6. Enabling Act                         F. President who didn’t like AZ’s recall provision in Constitution

___ 7. “Jacksonian Democracy”               G. “Father of Arizona,” lobbied for territory

___ 8. Mex-Am War                           H. Ended the Mex-Am war and ceded (gave) much land to the US

___ 9. Jefferson Davis                      I. the act that allows a territory to become a state

___ 10. Referendum                          J. allowed AZ and NM to divide into two territories

___ 11. George C. Crook                     K. a semi-precious metal which the nation wanted and helped to ease
                                            AZ into statehood

___ 12. Gadsden Purchase                    L. Delayed the movement toward statehood

___ 13. AZ Statehood!                       M. Political reform movement of 1890s aimed a common man
___ 14. “bimetalist”                        N. allows citizens to introduce laws directly

___ 15. Initiative                          O. provision which allows citizens to petition to hold laws while
                                            awaiting a public vote

___ 16. Recall                              P. February 14, 1912

___ 17. William Taft                        Q. political ideals that championed common man and his rights

___ 18. Foraker Amendment                   R. citizens can, by direct vote, remove an official from office

___ 19. copper                              S. Confederate President who agreed to make AZ a territory

___ 20. “free coinage                       T. the first step to becoming a state is to become a territory of
                                            Senators”and this act allows for it

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