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2         3 Rake v. Wade                                    508 US 464                            1                       Thomas           0 19930607                          13            4 103-394 94
            Pennsylvania Dep't of Public
3        17 Welfare v. Davenport                            495 US 552                            1                       Marshall         0 19900529                   1      13            1 101-647 90

4        40 Columbia Gas Systems, Inc.                      33 F.3d 294                           2 3rd                   Sloviter         1 19940829                          11            4 103-394 94
            Hillis Motors Inc. v. Hawaii Auto
5        39 Dealers Ass'n                                   997 F.2d 581                          2 9th                   Reinhardt        0 19930628                          11            1     105 98

6        20 Chabot                                          992 F.2d 891                          2 9th                   Sneed            0 19930416                              7         4 103-394 94

7        43 Dixon                                           885 F.2d 327                          2 6th                   Krupansky        0 19890919                           13           4 103-394 94
8        36 Liming                                          797 F.2d 895                          2 10th                  Logan            1 19860729                          998           1 103-394 94

 9       37 Johnson                                         708 F.2d 865                          2 2nd                   Per Curiam         19830519                          13            1 98-353            84
10       16 Covey                                           650 F.2d 877                          2 7th                   Sprecher         0 19810602                           7            4 98-353            84

11       51 Durrett v. Washington Nat. Ins. Co. 621 F.2d 20                                       2 5th                   Smith            0 19800711                          11            1 98-353            84

12        4 New Valley Corp.                                168 BR 73                             5 N.J.                  Winfield         1 19940506                          11            1 103-394 94
13       12 Hausladen                                       146 BR 557                            5 Minn.                 Kressel          0 19920924                          13            4 103-394 94

14       29 Richardson                                      102 BR 254                            5 M.D. Fla              Paskay           0 19890630                              7         5 103-394 94
            Pennsylvania Peer Review
15       55 Organization, Inc.                              50 BR 640                             5 M.D. Pa.              Woodside         0 19850628                          11            4 99-554 86
16       13 Lyons Mach. Co., Inc.                           28 BR 600                             5 ED. Ark.              Fussell          0 19830404                          11            4 103-394 94

17       49 Spirited, Inc.                                  23 BR 1004                            5 E.D. PA.              Twardowski       0 19821104                          11            4 98-353            84

18       30 Wahl                                            14 BR 153                             5 E.D. Wis              Hilgendorf       0 19810918                              7         1 98-353            84




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            P                    Q                  R              S              T                                                     Y                                               Z        AA




                  Section1



                                       Section2


                                                        Section3




                                                                       Section4


                                                                                      Section5




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Efficacy
                                                                                                                                                                              Holding
                                                                                                                                                                                        Method
1
                                                                                                 Oversecured home mortgage holder entitled to interest on arrearages,
                                                                                                 including interest-on-interest not available under otherwise applicable
2 1123(b)(5)                 1123(d)              1222(d) 1322(c)                                nonbankruptcy law.                                                                        1 3.2
                                                                                                 Criminal restitution obligations dischargeable under Ch. 13, limiting Kelly v.
3 1328(a)(3)                                                                                     Robinson.                                                                                 1         2
                                                                                                 Bankruptcy estate cash must be invested in government securities or
4 345(b)                                                                                         insured deposit accounts absent posting of bond.                                          1         4
                                                                                                 Regulatory acts to control property of estate not excepted from stay by
5 362(b)(4)                                                                                      §362(b)(4).                                                                               1 3.3
                                                                                                 Judgment lien burdening future appreciation of homestead property does
6 522(f)                                                                                         not impair an exemption under §522(f).                                                    1         2
                                                                                                 Judicial lien does not impair homestead exemption limited to protecting
7 522(f)                                                                                         property from involuntary debt collection.                                                1   4
8 522(f)(3)                                                                                      Non purchase money lien in tractor avoidable without regard to value.                     1 3.1
                                                                                                 Permits successive Ch. 13 filings notwithstanding failure to appear in first
 9 109(g)                                                                                        case & <180 days between dismissal & refiling.                                            1         2
10 303(b)                                                                                        Creditors holding disputed claims may join in involuntary petition.                       1         4

11 101(54)                                                                                       Real estate foreclosure sale avoidable as constructive fraud.                             1         1
                                                                                                 Unimpaired claims against solvent estate not entitled to post-petition
12 1124(3) deleted                                                                               interest.                                                                                 1 3.2
13 J02(b)(4)       726(a)                                                                        Tardily filed claims allowed.                                                             1   4
                                                                                                 Reaffirmation hearing required even if attorney files declaration in
14 524(c)                    524(d)                                                              conformity with §524(c).                                                                  1         4
                                                                                                 Personal services contract may not be assumed by debtor in possession
15 365(c)(1)(A)                                                                                  absent nondebtor party's consent.                                                         1   2
16 503(b)(3)(F)                                                                                  Creditors committee members not entitled to expense reimbursement.                        1 3.2
                                                                                                 Retained shareholders interest are deemed to reject because plan does not
17 1126(g)                                                                                       provide "payment or compensation."                                                        1         4
                                                                                                 Each knife, fork and spoon in sterling silver set is an item individually
18 522(d)(3)                                                                                     subject to $200 limit without aggregate limit.                                            1         4




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     Comments                                        AB




1


2 Addition of §1123(d) draws into question allowance of post-petition interest on unimpaired claims.

3 Dissent by Blackmun. Re-amended 1994 to exclude fines from superdischarge.

4
  Other contra authority Yellow Cab Cooperative Ass'n, 132 F.3d 591 (10th 1997); Javens, 107 F.3d
5 359 (6th 1997). Overturned by Chemical Weapons Convention §603 (Oct. 22, 1998).
  See §303 Sec-by-Sec. Descrip. See Silviera, 141 F.3d 34 (1998) on efficacy of overruling;
6 Gonzalez, 149 B.R. 9 (Bankr. D. Mass 1993).

 7
 8 See criticism in Ehlen, 202 BR 742 (Bankr. W.D. Wis. 1996).
   See NBRC Rep. discussion of serial Ch. 13 filing problem & recommendation for additional
 9 restrictions.
10
   Botched overruling recounted in Souter dissent in BFP v. Resolution Trust Co., 511 U.S. 531
11 (1994). Case arose under Ch. XI of 1898 Act.

12
13 This case decided en banc by bankruptcy court D. Minn. See Sec. by Sec Descrip. §213.
   In the ordinary case the hearing requirement would operate to protect debtor, but in the court finds
14 the debtor in this case estoppel.

15
16 Now unclear whether attorneys fees of creditors on committee reimbursable.

17 Link to Marston Enterprises, 13 BR 514.

18




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1

19       50 Marston Enterprises                            13 BR 514                             5 E.D. NY              Duberstein       0 19810511                          11           4 98-353            84

20       56 Adana Mortgage Bankers, Inc.                   12 BR 977                             5 N.D. Ga.             Norton           0 19800815                          11           4 98-353            84

             United Savings Association v.
21         2 Timbers of Inwood Forest Assoc.               484 US 365                            1                      Scalia           0 19880120                          11           1 103-394 94

22       57 Vecchio                                        20 F.3d 555                           2 2nd                  Walker           0 19940405                              7        4 103-394 94

23       44 DeSeno                                         17 F.3d 642                           2 3rd                  Roth             1 19940215                          11           1 103-394 94

24       35 Rosteck                                        899 F.2d 694                          2 7th                  Manion           0 19900413                              7        1 103-394 94


25       46 Parr Meadows Racing Ass'n, Inc.                880 F.2d 1540 90                      2 2nd                  Pratt            0 19890724                              7        4 103-394 94
            Levit v. Ingersoll Rand Financial
26        8 Corp.                                          874 F2d 1186                          2 7th                  Easterbrook      0 19890512                              7        2 103-394 94

27       32 Goldrich                                       771 F.2d 28                           2 2nd                  Meskill          0 19850827                              7        4 103-394 94
            Mansfield Tire & Rubber Co. v.
28       26 PBGC                                           39 BR 974                             4 N.D. Ohio Krenzler                    0 19830913                          11           1 103-394 94

29       10 Ionosphere Clubs, Inc.                         112 BR 89                             5 SDNY                 Lifland          0 19900402                          11           1 103-394 94
                                                                                                   S.D.
30       22 Continental Airline Corp.                      57 BR 854                             5 Texas                Roberts          0 19850812                          11           1 103-394 94

31         9 Broadcast Management Corp.                    36 BR 519                             5 S.D. Ohio Newsome                     0 19831027                          11           5 98-353            84
                                                                                                   S.D.
32       14 Sombrero Reef Club, Inc.                       18 BR 612                             5 Florida   Gassen                      0 19820324                          11           1 98-353            84

33         7 United States v. Nordic Village, Inc. 503 US 30                                     1                      Scalia           0 19920225                   1      11           4 103-394 94



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                   Section1



                                      Section2


                                                     Section3




                                                                    Section4


                                                                                   Section5




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Efficacy
                                                                                                                                                                              Holding
                                                                                                                                                                                        Method
1
                                                                                              Presumed acceptance of plan is rebuttable if majority of unimpaired class
19 1126(f)                                                                                    vote to reject plan.                                                                         1         4
                                                                                              Personal services contract may not be assumed by debtor-in-possession
20 365(c)(1)(A)                                                                               without non debtor party's consent.                                                          1         2

                                                                                              No post-petition adequate protection payments to undersecured creditor
21 101(51b)                   362(d)(3)                                                       based on use value of collateral. Overrules American Mariner (9th Cir.).                     2 3.1
                                                                                              Late filed priority claims retain priority status subject to equitable discretion
22 502(b)(9)                  723(a)(1)                                                       of bankruptcy court not to compel disgorgement.                                              2         4
                                                                                              Permits modification of home mtg under Ch.11 plan. Roach prohibits cure
23 1123(b)(5)                                                                                 after foreclosure judgment entered.                                                          2         4

24 523(a)(16)                                                                                 Post-petition condo assessments dischargeable.                                               2 3.1


25 362(b)(18)                                                                                 Post petition tax liens void under §362(a).                                                  2         4
                                                                                              Creditor holding insider guarantee subject to extended preference period as
26 550(c)                                                                                     the initial transferee of insider preference.                                                2 3.1
                                                                                              State agency may deny student loan application based on prior bankruptcy
27 525(c)                                                                                     discharge of other loans.                                                                    2 3.1
                                                                                              PBGC not a person and therefore ineligible to serve on creditors
28                101                                                                         committees.                                                                                  2 3.2
                                                                                              Secondary holding appears to be that trustee holding security interest on
29 1110(a)(3)                                                                                 behalf of another not protected by §1110.                                                    2         4

30               1110                                                                         Section 1110 does not protect non-purchase money security interest.                          2         4
                                                                                              Creditor's Committee counsel may not represent individual creditor in same
31 1103(b)                                                                                    proceeding.                                                                                  2 3.1
                                                                                              Time share contracts may be rejected and time share owner divested of
32 365(h)                                                                                     right to use premises.                                                                       2 3.1

33                106                                                                         Federal government immune from suit for affirmative monetary recovery.                       3         4



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     Comments                                           AB




1
   Separate holding (that §1129(a)(10) requires one class of impaired claims to accept plan) codified
19 by Pub. L. 98-353 amendment to §1129(a)(10)). Link to Spirited Inc. 123 BR 1004.

20

   Overruled only as to cases less than or equal to $2 million. This result seems unstable. Not clear
21 how many cases resolved under new (d)(3).

22 Result partly codified, partly overturned by 1994 amendment.

23 §-by-§ Description §206. No apparent basis in statute for a contary result, given Toibb v. Radloff.
   Compare Rosenfeld, 23 F.3d 833 (4th Cir. 1994). Not clear whether post-pet. assessments not
24 based on physical occupancy governed by Rosenfeld or Rosteck.
   Bizarrely post-petition interest on pre-petition tax claims is a valid lien, but not post-petition taxes.
   The interest holding is compelled by Ron Pair Enterprises, 109 S. Ct. 1026 (1989). Purported
25 nontextual policy analysis is very weak.

26 See Tabb at 368-369 on efficacy of overruling.
   Scope of nondiscrimination policy remains unclear. See Toth v. Michigan State Housing
27 Development Authority, 136 F.3d 477 (6th Cir. 1998).

28 69 Am Bankr. L.J. 349 (1995) 1351-353.

29
   This seems a policy change. Doubtful that there was any basis before amdt. to bring non-PMSI
30 within statute. Link to IONOSPHERE CLUBS, INC. 112 B.R. 78 (same issue).

31 Compare substance over form approach of Lion Group, 44 BR 684.

32 See Sen. R. 98-345 pp. 5-7. §§402-403 of 1984 Act.
   Dissent by Stevens +1. Odd form of nontextual interpretation in judicially crafted unmistakeably
33 clear rule.



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34       24 First Nat'l Fidelity Corp. v. Perry               945 F.2d 61                          2 3rd                  Stapleton        0 19910911                          13           4 103-394 94
35       33 Lugo v. Paulsen                                   886 F.2d 602                         2 3rd                  Scirica          0 19890928                           7           4 101-647 90


36       54 Gusam Restaurant Corp.                            737 F.2d 274                         2 2nd                  Pierce           0 19840618                          11           1 99-554            86



37       53 Foster                                            670 F.2d 478                         2 5th                  Randall          1 19820301                          13           2 99-554            86

38       41 Cannady                                           653 F.2d 210                         2 5th (A)              Randall          1 19810810                              7        1 98-353            84



39       59 Korvettes                                         67 BR 730                            4 S.D.N.Y.             Haight           0 19861126                          11           1 103-394 94




40       47 Carlton Restaurant, Inc.                          151 BR 353                           5 E.D. PA              Scholl           0 19930224                              7        5 103-394 94



41         5 Young                                            152 BR 939                           4 Minn.                MacLaughlin      0 19930414                              7        2 105-183 98


                                                                                                     Connec-
42       38 City of Bridgeport                                128 BR 688                           5 ticut                Shiff            0 19910722                              9        1 103-394 94

43       52 Baldwin-United Corp.                              38 BR 802                            5 S.D. Ohio Newsome                     0 19840229                          11           5 98-353            84



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                Section1



                                  Section2


                                                 Section3




                                                                       Section4


                                                                                      Section5




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Efficacy
                                                                                                                                                                               Holding
                                                                                                                                                                                         Method
1
                                                                                                 Ch. 13 debtor may not restructure home mortgage debt over life of Ch. 13
34 1322(c)(2)                                                                                    plan even if balance becomes due during plan period. (balloon mtg)                         3 3.2
35 523(a)(9)                                                                                     Insurance surcharge on account of drunk driving not dischargeable.                         3   4


36 105(a)                                                                                        Court lacks power to sua sponte convert Ch. 11 case to Ch. 7.                              3 3.1
                                                                                                 When a debtor chooses to disburse mortgage payments directly to a
                                                                                                 mortgagee rather than through the trustee, trustee's percentage fee should
                                                                                                 still apply to those payments, although it may be reduced in discretion of
37 1302(e)                                                                                       court.                                                                                     3 3.1

38 522(b)                  §302                                                                  Spouses may separately elect state & federal exemptions.                                   3         4


                                                                                                 Debtor in possession not subject to two year statute of limitations under
39 546(a)                                                                                        §546(a).                                                                                   3         4




                                                                                                 Tenant may hold premises under rejected lease terms only by remaining in
40 365(h)(2)                                                                                     physical possession.                                                                       3 3.1



41 544(b)                  548(a)(2) 548(d)                 1325(b)(2)(A) 707(b) Titles voidable under §548 as constructively fraudulent.                                                   3 3.2


                                                                                                 Express state authorization for municipal corporation to file under Chap. 9
42 109(c)(2)                                                                                     not required.                                                                              3         4
   101(41)
43 ("person")                                                                                    FDIC may not sit on Creditors Committee.                                                   3 3.1



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    Comments                                        AB




1
   Relies heavily on Roach Sec by Sec Description §301 See also Seidel, 752 F.2d 1382. Unintended
34 consequence for Nobelman. See Tabb, Law of Bankruptcy 943 (1997).
35 Redundantly overruled by P.L. 101-581 & P.L. 101-647. Looks like they finally got it right!
   3. W. Norton, Norton Bankr. L. & Prac. 2d §79.2. Subsequent case law suggests this power should
   be exercised with great caution. It appears to be infrequently exercised §203 of 1986 Act. See
36 criticism of amdt. in Collier.

   §1302(e) was deleted and replaced by 28 U.S.C. 586(e)(2). Overruled by statute per 8 Collier's
   1302.05. NBRC Rep - suggests overruling the overruling because case law outside 5th Circuit is
37 not consistent. NBRC Report p. 44-1009 et seq. (Oct. 20, 1997).

38 Senate Rep. notes statutory glitch & objects to it but provision passed anyway. §306(a) & BAFJA.
   3 courts of appeal rejected this interpretation before the 1994 Amendment. Century Brass, 22 F.3d
   37 (2nd Cir. 1994); Softwaire Centre, 994 F.2d 682 (9th Cir. 1993); Zilka Energy, 920 F.2d 1520
   (10th Cir. 1990). Korrettes discussed as "leading case" by Pullman Constr., 132 BR 359 (Bankr.
39 N.D.Ill. 1991) and Century Brass , supra.
   Still not dealing with the underlying Andrews/Westbrook issue. See also Harborview Dev. 1986 Ltd.
   Partnership, 152 B.R. 897 (D.S.C. 1993) & Arden & Howe Assoc., Ltd., 152 B.R. 971 (E.D. Cal.
   1993) Sec. By Sec. Descrip. §205 (1994). Posture a bit unusual here. Debtor & Bankruptcy
   Trustee of tenant assert rights to assign previously rejected lease under §365(f) & (h). Reorganized
   landlord opposes. Ruling actually advantages debtors in most case by limiting §365(h) rights,
40 although debtor here loses.
   Subseq. History: aff'd 152 BR 939 (D. Minn. 1993) RFRA passed 1993, 42 USC §2000bb. Rev'd 82
   F.3d 1407 (8th Cir. 1996). RFRA declared unconstitutional City of Boerne v. Flores, 117 S. Ct.
   2157 (1997). See Shihula, 234 BR 240 (Bankr. DRI 1999) illustrating possible abuse of amended
41 code provisions).

   Given paucity of cases under Ch. 9 unclear whether overruling will create new litigable issues.
   Orange County Investment Pool not authorized, 183 BR 594 (C.D. Cal. 1995). 12 states have
42 specifically authorized municipal findings NBRC Rep. reprinted in Colliers 44-980 n.2431.
   Klee & Shaffer, 44 So. Car. L. Rev. 995, 1006 (1993). Creditors' Committee prevailed over an
43 individual creditor (FDIC). Subsequent amendment required re:PBGC.



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44       34 Kuepper                                        36 BR 680                           5 E.D. Wis. Shapiro                    0 19831203                              7        1 98-353            84
45       58 Williams                                       9 BR 228                            5 D. Kan.   Pusateri                   0 19810220                              7        1 98-353            84

             Hoffman v. Connecticut Dep't of
46         6 Income Maintenance                            492 US 96                           1                      White           0 19890623          2        1          7        4 103-394 94



47       21 NLRB v. Bildisco & Bildisco        465 US 513                                      1                      Rehnquist       0 19840222                   1      11           1 98-353            84
            Sullivan v. Town & Country Nursing
48       25 Home Svcs., Inc.                   963 F.2d 1146                                   2 9th                  Godwin          0 19920505                          11           1 103-394 94


49       11 Roach                                          824 F.2d 1370                       2 3rd                  Stapleton       0 19870731                          13           4 103-394 94
50       19 Butner v. U.S.                                 440 US 48                           1                      Stevens         0 19790221                          11           2 103-394 94

51       15 Lybrook                                        951 F.2d 136                        2 7th                  Posner          0 19911218                              7        2 103-394 94

52       42 Simonson                                       758 F.2d 103                        2 3rd                  Gibbons         0 19850325                   1          7        4 103-394 94

53       60 AFCO Development Corp.                         65 BR 781                           5 Utah                 Clark           0 19860822                              7        2 103-394 94



            Lubrizol Enterprises v. Richmond
54       45 Metal Finishers                                756 F.2d 1043 86                    2 4th                  Phillips        0 19850315                          11           1 100-506 88


            Dallas-Fort Worth Regional Airport
55       48 Board v. Braniff Airways                       26 BR 628                           4 N.D. TX              Mahon           0 19821217                          11           1 102-365 92



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            P                     Q              R              S              T                                                      Y                                                 Z        AA




                   Section1



                                      Section2


                                                     Section3




                                                                    Section4


                                                                                   Section5




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Efficacy
                                                                                                                                                                              Holding
                                                                                                                                                                                        Method
1


44 523(a)(9)                                                                                  Drunk driving damage claim dischargeable.                                                    3 3.1
45 524(a)(2)                                                                                  Liens do not survive discharge under §524(a).                                                3   4

                                                                                              Congress failed to abrogate state sovereign immunity with unmistakeably
46               106                                                                          clear statutory language.                                                                    4         1


                                                                                              Collective bargaining agreement may be rejected based upon balance of
47               1113                                                                         the equities, after reasonable efforts to negotiate a modification have failed.              4         4
                                                                                              Section 106(a) same transaction implied waiver applies when U.S. recoups
48 106(b)                                                                                     overpayments without filing proof of claim.                                                  4         4
                                                                                              Ch. 13 debtor may not cure and reinstate home mortgage during post-sale
                                                                                              statutory redemption period. No cure possible after foreclosure judgment
49 1322(c)(1)                                                                                 entered.                                                                                     4 3.1
50 552(b)                                                                                     Mortgagee's security interest in rents determined by state law.                              5 3.1
                                                                                              Property acquired during Ch. 13 case remains property of estate after
51 348(f)                                                                                     conversion to Ch. 7.                                                                         5         4
                                                                                              Intervening judicial lien not avoidable if exemption property
52 522(f)(2)                                                                                  overencumbered by nonavoidable consensual liens.                                             5         4
                                                                                              Statute of limitations runs from the appointment of each successive
53 546(a)                                                                                     bankruptcy trustee.                                                                          5         4



                              101(35A),
54 365(n)                      (39)                                                           Licensee's rights under rejected license avoided.                                            7 3.1


                                                                                              Debtor is not required to accept or reject leases for airport facilities within a
55 365(d)(5-9)                                                                                specified period of time from when bankruptcy petition was filed.                            7         3



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    Comments                                         AB




1
   This interpretation of 523(a)(6) generally upheld by Sup. Ct. under Kawaahaa v. Geiger, but new
   exception for drunk driving has grown since 1984. See e.g. 101-647 & 103-394. Cases contra
44 include Galvan, 39 BR 663 (D. Colo. 1984); Wooten, 30 BR 357 (N.D. Ala. 1983).
45 Criticized 811 F.2d 186; 804 F.2d 577; 970 F.2d 299; 765 F.2d 547

   WHITE opinion 4 person plurality; O'Connor concurs; Scalia concurs in judgment. Marshall +3
46 dissent. Attempt to overrule unconstitutional under Seminole Tribe v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44 (1996).
   Brennan +3 dissent. Textualist as to whether CBA is subject to §365. Nontextualist as to standard
   for approving rejection. Brennan dissent limited to unfair labor practice issue. One oversight was
   failure to consider possibility of rejection of collective bargaining agreement under Ch. 9 (Orange
47 County).

48 Statutory fix unsettled by Seminole Tribe.

   See Sec. by Sec. Descrip. §301. Unclear how post-foreclosure sale redemption rights affected by
49 amendment.
50 Case decided under 1898 Act.

51 Case converted from 13 to 7. See §311, Sec. by Sec. Descrip.
   Dissent & majority agree statutory text cannot resolve case. Differ on appropriate policy analysis.
52 1994 Act adopts dissent's view.

53 Rejected by Lyons, 130 BR 272 (Bankr. N.D.Ill. 1991). This case was converted from Ch.11.
   Larger issue of general effect of rejection in other cases (e.g., personal property leases) left
   unresolved. NBRC recommends further clarifying amendments. Difficult to classify reasoning in
   this case. Policy arguments offered by Lubrizol are not given any weight. But the opinion seems
   driven by an underlying assumption that rejection implies avoiding Lubrizol's right. The basis for
54 this assumption is not clear. Close to ipse dixit.
   At this time 365(d)(2) was not restricted to residential real property or personal property (was so
   amended in 1984). Long time between decision and overruling; amendment only applied to cases
   for 12 months beginning 9/3/92. Per Congressional floor statements, motivated by pending TWA
55 situation. Note this seems like special interest legislation.



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56       31 Bogosian                                  112 BR 2                            5 R.I.                  Votolato        0 19900308                          11           1 103-394 94

57       18 Ashkenazy Enterprises, Inc.               94 BR 645                           5 C.D. Cal.             Ashland         0 19860523                          11           1 103-394 94

58       61 Murray                                    5 BR 732                            5 Md.                   Goldburn        0 19800903                              7        2 98-353            84

59       28 Utter                                     3 BR 369                            5 WDNY                  Hayes           0 19800415                          13           4 98-353            84




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                Section1



                               Section2


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                                                             Section4


                                                                            Section5




                                                                                                                                                                                    Efficacy
                                                                                                                                                                 Holding
                                                                                                                                                                           Method
1

                                                                                       Bankruptcy Rule 4001(a)(2) time limits not enforceable in lift stay
56 362(e)                                                                              proceeding.                                                                            7 3.1

57 552(b)                                                                              Hotel revenues are not real property rents under §552(b).                              7 3.1
                                                                                       No good faith defense for purchaser of lands located within county of
58 549(c)                                                                              bankruptcy case under 549(c).                                                          7         4
                                                                                       Separate classification of co-debtor obligations not permitted under Ch. 13
59 1322(b)(1)                                                                          plan.                                                                                  7 3.1




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     Comments                                         AB




1
     "Compelling circumstances" will justify extension under new statute. Unclear whether this will result
     in a substantive change. In refusing to apply BR 4001 court cites Roberts, 68 BR 1004 (Bankr. E.D.
56   Mich. 1987). No policy or textual analysis apparent on face of opinion.
     Superseded by statute as stated in Hotel Sierra Vista CTQ Ptnrshp., 112 F.3Q 429 (9th Cir. 1997).
57   Reasoning very conclusory.
     See also Mongiore, 9 BR 34 (Bankr.S.D.Fla.1980). Centre de Tricot de Gaspe, 782 F.2d 905 (11th
58   Cir. 1986) Conclusory reasoning
     Relies on persuasive precendent. Still great uncertainty about ability to separately classify in Ch.
59   13. Link to MONTANO, 4 BR 535 (same issue).




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1
            Merchants Grain,
2        19 Inc.             93 F.3d 1347                    519 U.S. 1111           97           2 7th            Manion                    0 19970827                              11           4
            DP Partners Ltd
3         3 Partnership      106 F.3d 667                    118 S. Ct. 63           97           2 5th            Politz                    0 19970228                              11           4

4        52 Bibo, Inc.                 76 F.3d 256           519 U.S. 817            96           2 9th            Kleinfeld                 0 19960124                              11           4
5        48 Levy                       951 F.2d 196          504 U.S. 985            92           2 9th            Fletcher                  1 19911206                               7           1

            The Mansfield
6        10 Tire & Rubber Co. 942 F.2d 1055 502 U.S. 1092                            92           2 6th            Kennedy                   1 19910828                              11           4

7        24 Frieouf                    938 F.2d 1099 502 U.S. 1091                   92           2 10th Seth                                0 19910710                              11           1

            Colony Square
8        20 Co.                        779 F.2d 653                                               2 11th Per Curiam                              19860110                            11           4

9        13 Lovitt                     757 F.2d 1035 474 U.S. 849                    85           2 9th            Alarcon                   0 19850409                                 7         4

            Rodrock v.
            Security Industrial
10       40 Bank                642 F.2d 1193                                                     2 10th McWilliams                          0 19810302                            7,13           4
            Lady H Coal Co.,
11       38 Inc.                99 F.3d 573   520 U.S. 1118                          97           2 4th            Murnaghan                 0 19961029                              11           1
12       15 Taffi               96 F.3d 1190 521 U.S. 1103                           97           2 9th            Noonan                    0 19960917                              11           4

            Meredith Hoffman
13       28 Partners         12 F.3d 1549                    512 U.S. 1206           94           2 10th Anderson                            0 19931228                                 7         2

14       44 Hucke v. Oregon            992 F.2d 950          510 U.S. 862            93           2 9th            Nelson, T                 0 19930505                              13           4
15       14 Wade                       991 F.2d 402          510 U.S. 870            93           2 7th            Cudahy                    0 19920519                               7           2




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                                                                           Holding
                                                                           Method
1
  statutory liens not avoidable under §545 if lien affixed at time debtors
2 obtains interest in property                                                  1
  claimant seeking fees and expenses under 503(b)(3) and (4) need not
3 provide advance notice                                                        1

4 sua sponte appt. of trustee authorized by §105(a)                             1
5 punitive damages for fraud dischargeable                                      1

  excise tax on withholding entitled to priority notwithstanding punitive
6 nature and not subject to subordination                                       1
  bankruptcy court lacks authority to prohibit future filings upon dismissal
7 of pending case                                                               2
  automatic stay in subsequent Chapter 11 case doesn't bar bankruptcy
  court with retained jurisdiction over confirmed Ch. XII plan from
8 transferring title under terms of defaulted plan                              2

9 unscheduled leases deemed rejected by operation of law after 60 days          2


   retroactive application of substantive 522(f) avoiding power required by
10 statute but prohibited by Fifth Amendment                                    2
   section 363(f)(5) authorizes sale free & clear of obligations under Coal
11 Act to Miners Pension & Benefit funds                                        3
12 collateral retained under plan valued at f.m.v. to debtor                    3
   "ordinary business terms" requirement of §547(c)(2) refers to what is
   ordinary in normal financial relations not what is ordinary for distressed
13 debtors                                                                      3
   revocation of probation on account of debtor's attempt to modify
14 criminal restitution obligation does not violate automatic stay              3
15 court may not close case until trustee files final report                    3




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    Comments                                  Q




1

2 Purports to rely on Farrey v. Sanderfoot 500 U.S. 291 (1991).

3
  Statute seems to expressly provide for sua sponte actions by court, based on 1986
4 Amdt.
5 Overruled by de la Cruz v. Cohen, 118 S. Ct. 1212 (1998).

  Result affirmed by US Sup. Ct. in US v. Noland, 517 US 535 (1996). Prevailing party
6 was U.S.

7


8
  Case decided under 1898 Act predecessor statute to §365(d). Relies heavily on
9 Tonry, 724 F.2d 467.

   Cert granted & reported at 459 U.S. 70(1982). Tenth Circuit reversed on statutory
   construction point to avoid constitutional issue. Supreme Court decision is
10 nontextualist. Various cases raising retroactivity issue consolidated for appeal.

11
12 En banc decision. Result affirmed in Rash, 117 S. Ct. 1879 (1997).


13 Second half of opinion is a reaffirmation of Robinson Bros. adopting Deprizio rule.

14
15 Appeal dismissed as untimely. Confused reasoning.




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1
            De Laurentiis
            Entertainment
16       47 Group, Inc.                   963 F.2d 1269 U.S. 918 506                   92           2 9th            Nelson                    1 19920507                          11           4

17       26 Looney                        823 F.2d 788          484 U.S. 977           87           2 4th            Ervin                     0 19870714                          11           4
            Cash Currency
18       39 Exchange                      762 F.2d 542                                              2 7th            Wood                      0 19850521                          11           1
19        5 Ohio v. Kovacs                717 F.2d 984          469 U.S. 274           85           2 6th            Wellford                  0 19830922                           7           1
            Southern States
20        8 Motor Inns, Inc.              709 F.2d 647          465 U.S. 1022          84           2 11th Anderson                            0 19830711                          11           4
21       21 Cohen v. Cruz                 106 F.3d 52           521 U.S. 1152          97           2 3rd Hillman                              0 19970206                   1       7           4

            HUD v. Cost
            Control Marketing
            & Sales Mngmt of
22       49 Va.               64 F.3d 920                       517 U.S. 1187          96           2 4th            Hall, K.K.                0 19950908                              7        4
            Checkers Drive-
            In Restaurants v.
23       32 Comm'r.           51 F.3d 1078                      516 U.S. 866           95           2 DC             Edwards                   0 19950421                          11           4

            T-H New Orleans
24       45 Ltd Partnership 10 F.3d 1099                        511 U.S. 1083          94           2 5th            DeMoss                    0 19931217                          11           4
            Bonner Mall
25       11 Partnership     2 F.3d 899                          510 U.S. 1039          94           2 9th            Reinhardt                 0 19930804                          11           1

26       12 Besing                        981 F.2d 1488 510 U.S. 821                   93           2 5th            King                      1 19930204          1               11           4

27       54 Laguna                        944 F.2d 542          503 U.S. 966           92           2 9th            Leavy                     0 19910911                          13           1

28       41 Atchison                      925 F.2d 209          502 U.S. 860           91           2 7th            Will                      0 19910215                              7        1

29         7 Snow                         899 F.2d 337          500 U.S. 952           91           2 4th            Widener                   0 19900403                              7        1



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                                                                             Holding
                                                                             Method
1


16 set off rights survive §1141 discharge                                         3
   bankruptcy judge may not sua sponte continue stay pending final
17 hearing under §362(e)                                                          3

18 currency exchange not prohibited from filing under Ch. 11 as a bank            3
19 Ohio injunction constitutes "claim" under §101(4)                              3
   tax claims restructured under §1129(a)(9)(c) entitled to market interest
20 rate                                                                           3
21 punitive damages based on fraud not dischargeable                              4



   administrative disgorgement order measured by harm
22 nondischargeable under §523(a)(7)                                              4
   automatic stay does not bar non-debtor from filing affidavit in support
   of continuation of pre-existing service mark subject to dispute with
23 debtor                                                                         4


24 hotel revenues are rents subject to mortgagee's interest under §552(b)         4
   new value exception survives enactment of bankruptcy code in its
25 traditional form                                                               4
   adjudication of debtor's pre-petition cause of action a transfer, but
26 conclusively presumed to be for reasonably equivalent value                    4
   Ch. 13 plan curing home mortgage defaults need not provide post-
27 petition interest on arrearages                                                4
   debtor's pre-petition disclaimer of inheritance not voidable as
28 fraudulent transfer                                                            4

29 valid judicial lien impairs exemption and may be avoided under 522(f)          4



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     Comments                                 Q




1


16

17

18
19 See Ohio v. Koracs, 469 US 274 (1985) (earlier proceeding).

20
21 Aff'd 118 S. Ct. 1212. Dissent by Greenberg.




22 Kelly v. Robinson, 479 US 36 (1987), key authority


23


24 Result codified by 1994 Amendments.

25 Overruled by 203 N. LaSalle St., 119 S. Ct. 1411 (1999).

26 Garza concurs on ground of no "transfer." Anticipates Scalia decision in BFP.
   Overruled by Rake v. Wade, 508 US 464 (1993) which in turn overruled by P.L. 103-
27 (1994).

28

29 This case anticipates Owen v. Owen with far less reliance on text.



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            Royal Composing
30       30 Room, Inc.      848 F.2d 345                          489 U.S. 1078          89           2 2nd Pratt                              0 19880527                     1      11           1

31       16 Waldron                      785 F.2d 936             478 U.S. 1028          86           2 11th Per Curiam                            19860401                          13           4
            Circle K                                              118 S. Ct.
32       37 Corporation                  127 F.3d 904             1166                   98           2 9th            Canby                   0 19971022                     1      11           1

33       56 Boodrow                      126 F.3d 43              522 U.S. 1117          98           2 2nd Feinberg                           0 19970912                     1          7        1


34         2 Gendreau                    122 F.3d 815             523 U.S. 1005          98           2 9th            Choy                    0 19970815                                7        4


35       22 Barakat                      99 F.3d 1520             520 U.S. 1143          97           2 9th            Restani                 1 19961112                            11           4

36        6 Prince                       85 F.3d 314              519 U.S. 1040          96           2 7th            Kanne                   0 19960531                            11           4
            M&L Business
37       42 Mach. Co., Inc.              84 F.3d 1330             519 U.S. 1040          96           2 10th Henry                             0 19960529                                7        4
            Terry Ltd
38       51 Partnership                  27 F.3d 241              513 U.S. 948           94           2 7th            Bauer                   0 19940610                            11           4

            BFP v. Resolution
39       18 Trust Corp.       974 F.2d 1144 508 U.S. 938                                 93           2 9th            Sneed                   0 19940523                            11           4
            Boston Post
            Road Ltd
40       34 Partnership       21 F.3d 477   513 U.S. 1109                                95           2 2nd Pollack                            0 19940330                            11           4

            Pengo Industries,
41       46 Inc.              962 F.2d 543                        506 U.S. 1000          92           2 5th Goldberg                           0 19921130                            11           4
42       35 Antweil           931 F.2d 689                        502 U.S. 807           91           2 10th McKay                             0 19910430                            11           2
43       25 Johnson           904 F.2d 563                        498 U.S. 1066          91           2 10th Brorby                            0 19900607                            13           4



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                                                                             Holding
                                                                             Method
1

   necessity under §1113 determined by reference to management's
30 proposal in toto, in light of union's refusal to bargain                       4
   Ch. 13 case filed solely to reject option agreement dismissed as bad
31 faith under §1325                                                              4

32 debtor may renew defaulted leases without assuming them under §365 5
   Chapter 7 debtor may retain collateral without reaffirming, redeeming
33 or surrendering by remaining current on its payments                  5
   spouse's right to equitable division of accrued pension benefit upon
   divorce is not a dischargeable debt against ex-husband but a property
34 interest in pension                                                   5

   disallows separate classification of deficiency claim and funds tenant
35 deposit claims under assumed leases to be non-voting admin claims              5
   orthodontist's practice's goodwill not excluded from estate under
36 §541(a)(6)                                                                     5

37 good faith for purposes of §548(c) is tested objectively not subjectively      5

38 senior mortgage may accrue interest at default rate under 506(b)               5

   regularly conducted state foreclosure sale not avoidable as fraudulent
39 transfer under §548(a)(2)                                                      5

   separate classification of deficiency claim in single-asset case not
40 permitted                                                                      5

   debt for debt face value exchange offer involving zero-coupon bonds
41 does not result in reduced claim on account of original issue discount         5
42 date of transfer is the honor of a check, not its delivery to payee            5
43 Chapter 20 plans forbidden                                                     5



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     Comments                                  Q




1

   Spirited dissent by Feinberg relies heavily on legislative history of §1113. Decision
30 relies heavily on Carey Transportation, 816 F.2d 82 (2nd Civ. 1987).

31 Cert. Dismissed.

32 Rymer dissents in part.

33 Shadur dissent emphasizes "plain meaning."

   No real text to go on here since §541 does not define "property." Result codified by
34 §523(a)(15)(1994).


35 Heavy reliance of Greystone III, 995 F.2d 1274 (5th Cir. 1991).

36

37 Text is of little assistance here, even to a textualist.
   Reasoning based on post Ron-Pair consensus in bankruptcy decisions that
38 appropriate §506(b) interest rate rebuttably presumed to be contractual rate.

   Cert. Granted and decision affirmed, 511 U.S. 531 (1994) overruling Durrett, 621 F.2d
39 201 (5th Cir. 1980).


40


41
42 Affirmed sub nom. Barnhill v. Johnson, 503 U.S. 393(1992).
43 Reversed, 501 U.S. 78 (1991).



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44       53 Owen                       877 F.2d 44              495 U.S. 929           90           2 11th Roney                             0 19890711                              7        4

45       43 Begier v. IRS              878 F.2d 762             493 U.S. 1017          90           2 3rd            Scirica                 0 19890630                              7        4
            AH Robins Co.,
46        4 Inc.                       828 F.2d 1023 485 U.S. 969                      88           2 4th            Russell                 0 19870909                          11           1
            Ron Pair
47       50 Enterprises, Inc.          828 F.2d 367             485 U.S. 958           88           2 6th            Contie                  0 19870904                          11           1


48         9 Armstrong                 812 F.2d 1024 484 U.S. 925                      87           2 7th            Campbell                0 19870209                   1      11           4

            A.H. Robins Co.,
49       36 Inc. v. Piccinin           7788 F.2d 994 479 U.S. 876                      86           2 4th            Russell                 0 19860410                          11           1
            North American
            Coin & Currency,
50       31 Ltd.                       767 F.2d 1573 475 U.S. 1083                     86           2 9th            Canby                   0 19850806                          11           1
            Brentwood
51       55 Outpatient, Ltd.           43 F.3d 256              514 U.S. 1096                       2 6th            Merritt                 0 19941213                          11           1


52       27 Ashe                       712 F.2d 864             465 U.S. 1024          84           2 3rd            Gibbons                 0 19830708                   1          7        1


53       29 Fobian                     951 F.2d 1149 505 U.S. 1220                     92           2 9th            Fletcher                1 19911224                          12           4




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                                                                          Holding
                                                                          Method
1
   judgment lien valid against Florida homestead under Florida law not
44 avoidable under §522(f)                                                     5
   payment of withholding taxes from non-segregated funds within
45 preference period not avoidable                                             5

46 action against non-debtor stayed under §§105(a), 362(a)                     5

47 involuntary liens do not accrue interest under §506(b)                      5

   sale of farm machinery produces farming income, but not lease of farm
48 land                                                                  5


49 actions against non-debtor management and insurer properly stayed           5

   property subject to constructive trust under Arizona law is nevertheless
50 treated as property of the estate subject to all creditor claims            5

51 tax lien does not secure post petition penalties fees & charges             6
   retroactive avoidance of judicial liens under §522(f)(1) permitted,
   Security Industrial notwithstanding citing Chicago Burlington & Quincy
52 RR v. Hall, 229 U.S. 511 (1913)                                             6
   court refuses to find undersecured creditor's claim satisfied by
   abandonment of collateral under 1225(a)(5)(c). Deficiency survives
53 abandonment absent a mechanism in plan for redetermination                  7




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     Comments                                 Q




1

44 Reversed by Supreme Court Owen v. Owen, 500 U.S. 305 (1990).
   Affirmed by Supreme Court, 496 U.S. 53 (1990). Scalia railing about reliance on
45 legislative history by majority.

46 Related case Piccinin, 788 F.2d 994 (4th 1986).
   Reversed by that textualist classic, US v. Ron Pair Enterprises, Inc., 489 US
47 235(1989).

   Concurring in part/dissenting in part opinion by Cudahy. Cudahy would consider rents
48 from farm land. "farm income" on a case-by-case basis. This was an involuntary case.


49


50

51 US v. Ron Pair Enterprises, Inc. 489 U.S. 235 (1989) controls.

   GVR'd in light of Security Industrial, 459 U.S. (1982). Dissent by Becker disagrees
52 with majority's characterization of state of lien avoidance law under 1898 Act.
   Reasoning very sketchy, but reflects no particular deference to language of statute.
   Principal rationale appears to be prior bankruptcy court precedents. Unclear why
53 bankruptcy court couldn't value property upon abandonment.




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