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									        Ready for the Future
    New Jersey State Board of Education
            December 20, 2006

       Our world is changing—
    What will this require of our kids?

      The world we know is changing
    • Our economy is now global.
    • New technologies are being developed
      each day reshaping our way of life in the
    • Technological advances are eliminating
      lower-skill jobs.
    • High schools will need to change in order
      to adequately prepare all students.

         There was a time when…
    • Mail was delivered by horse and it took six
      months to deliver a letter from New Jersey
      to California.
    • Trains/cars took six days to deliver a letter
      from New Jersey to California.
    • Planes could deliver a letter overnight.
    • But now, the Internet takes seconds to
      send a message.

                   Circa 1990
    • Things that did not yet exist include:
      – Cell phones
      – Digital cameras
      – Wireless connections
      – DVDs
      – Satellite television
      – E-mail and instant messaging

      Technological advances tend to
         eliminate lower-skill jobs

    • Lower-skill jobs are disappearing:
      – Toll takers replaced by E-Z Pass
      – Telephone operators replaced by voice
        recognition systems
      – Bank tellers replaced by ATM machines and
        online banking programs

          Competitive pressures on
           New Jersey graduates
    • Now that employers have a global
      workforce to draw from, competition for
      U.S. jobs comes from around the world.
    • Today’s students will need the skills
      necessary to compete in a global arena.

             Employment outlook
    • Jobs that require at least some postsecondary
      education are expected to make up more than
      two-thirds of new jobs.
    • With only 25% of today’s New Jersey high
      school graduates actually obtaining a college
      degree, who will fill these jobs? Will these jobs
      stay in New Jersey?
    • Those who complete college earn, on average,
      almost $1 million more than high school
      graduates over the course of a lifetime.

                    Share of new jobs, 2000–10
                          that require…

                       40%                                                    36%


                                    High school         High school           Some        Bachelor's
                                     dropout              diploma         postsecondary    degree

9Source: Carnevale, Anthony P. and Donna M. Desrochers, Standards for What?
 The Economic Roots of K–16 Reform, Educational Testing Service, 2003.
        Workforce readiness also requires
         advanced skills and knowledge
     • A high school diploma is no longer a ticket to the
       middle class.

     • Blue-collar jobs now require high-level skills:
        – Requirements for car mechanic
           • The ability to read at a level equivalent to a junior in college

        – Requirements for tool and die makers
           • Four or five years of apprenticeship and/or postsecondary training
           • Algebra, geometry, trigonometry and statistics

        – Requirements for sheet metal workers
           • Four or five years of apprenticeship
           • Algebra, geometry, trigonometry and technical reading

     What does being prepared mean?

                Prepared equals
     • Students must graduate from high school
       ready for the workforce or further

      The American Diploma Project (ADP)

     • ADP benchmarks represent a consensus
       of business and higher education
       viewpoints on essential skills.
     • The NJ Chamber of Commerce and The
       NJ Council of College and University
       Presidents have endorsed the ADP

        Graduates going on to college or work
                need the same skills
               Machine Operator                                        College
          Eastman Chemical Company                                      Math

  Required Skills:                                Required Skills:

       Add, subtract, multiply, divide and           Add, subtract, multiply, divide and simplify
        simplify rational expressions                  rational expressions

       Calculate and apply ratios, proportions       Understand functional notation
        and percentages to solve problems
                                                      Solve systems of two linear equations in
                                                       two variables
       Recognize and solve problems using a
        linear equation and one variable              Solve quadratic equations in one variable

       Apply units correctly in expressions          Graph a linear equation and quadratic
        involving measurements                         function

       Determine the perimeter and the               Determine the perimeter and the
        circumference of geometric shapes              circumference of geometric shapes

14Source—American Diploma Project Network
       ADP Benchmarks outline a rigorous
       sequence of courses for high school

 • Four math courses        • Four English courses
   – Content equivalent to:   – Content equivalent to:
      • Algebra I and II         • Four years of grade-
      • Geometry                   level English or higher
      • A fourth course such       (e.g., honors or
        as statistics or           Advanced Placement
        precalculus                English)

     How do New Jersey’s students
            measure up?

             Too many New Jersey students are
            dropping out of the education system

                      Percentage of 9th grade students

                                                                                                            New Jersey
                                                                                                            United States
                                                         75%            68%

                                                         50%                                   44%
                                                                                                     27%        25%
                                                         25%                                                          18%

                                                                Graduate high Start college   Persist 2nd     Earn degree
                                                                   school                        year

     Source: National Center for Public Policy & Higher Education, Policy Alert, April 2004.
     Data are estimates of pipeline progress rather than actual cohort.
           How ready for college are
            New Jersey students?
     • While New Jersey leads the nation in
       college preparedness, it still leaves about
       half of its students underprepared for the
       rigor of higher education.

        College instructors confirm high school
              graduates lack preparation

       • According to a recent Achieve, Inc. survey
         of college instructors, 42% of high school
         graduates are not prepared for college-
         level classes.

   Source: Peter D. Hart Research Associates/Public Opinion Strategies, Rising to the Challenge:
19Are High School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? prepared for Achieve, Inc., 2005.
                 New Jersey public college and
                  university remediation rates
         Institution                  % Needing Remediation
         Kean                         70%
         Montclair                    54%
         New Jersey City University   62%
         NJIT                         40%**
         Ramapo                       23%
         Rowan                        21%
         Rutgers                      33%
         Stockton                     14%
         The College of New Jersey    8%
         William Paterson             72%
         Total                        40%

  Among first-time students
          Community college remediation rates
      Community College                                                   % Needing Remediation
      Atlantic Cape                                                       77.6%
      Bergen                                                              81.8%
      Brookdale                                                           79.8%
      Burlington                                                          73.8%
      Camden                                                              81.0%
      Cumberland                                                          80%
      Essex                                                               91.4%
      Gloucester                                                          73.2%
      Hudson                                                              67.9%
      Mercer                                                              83%
      Middlesex                                                           78.5%
      Morris                                                              76%
      Ocean                                                               67.7%
      Passaic                                                             96.3%
      Raritan Valley                                                      78%
      Salem                                                               92.5%
      Sussex                                                              75%
      Union                                                               67%
      Warren                                                              75%
      Total                                                               77.8%
21   First-time, full-time students who graduated from high school in Spring 2004 and enrolled at a community college in Fall 2004.
                Most U.S. college students who
           take remedial courses fail to earn degrees
                 Percentage not earning degree by type of remedial coursework

                     Percentage of college students




                                                             Remedial reading           Remedial math

22Source: National Center for Education Statistics, The Condition of Education, 2004.
               New Jersey college
                graduation rates

     • The six-year graduation rate for New
       Jersey’s state colleges and universities is

     • The three-year graduation rate for New
       Jersey’s community colleges is 13.2%.

     New Jersey state college and university
           retention/graduation rates
        Institution                  3-Semester Retention     6-Year Graduation
                                     (Returning Sophomores)
        Kean                         76.3%                    45.1%
        Montclair                    82.2%                    58.3%
        New Jersey City University   74.4%                    38.1%
        NJIT                         81.1%                    55.2%
        Ramapo                       89.1%                    57.1%
        Rowan                        87.1%                    62.2%
        Rutgers                      87.5%                    69%
        Stockton                     83.7%                    61.8%
        The College of New Jersey    99.1%                    82.7%
        William Paterson             76.4%                    48.1%
        Total                        84.9%                    63.2%

 Among full-time, first-time degree seeking students
          Community college retention/graduation rates
     Institution                      3-Semester Retention     3-Year Graduation
                                      (Returning Sophomores)
     Atlantic                         57.3%                    17.7%
     Bergen                           64.7%                    10.6%
     Brookdale                        66.4%                    18.8%
     Burlington                       64.7%                    11.7%
     Camden                           62%                      10.8%
     Cumberland                       62.7%                    19.6%
     Essex                            53%                      5.7%
     Gloucester                       61.9%                    14.4%
     Hudson                           58.3%                    5.4%
     Mercer                           60.5%                    16.1%
     Middlesex                        62.7%                    11%
     Morris                           65.2%                    21.3%
     Ocean                            47.6%                    19.6%
     Passaic                          56.6%                    14.6%
     Raritan Valley                   63.3%                    12.2%
     Salem                            50.6%                    14.9%
     Sussex                           64.7%                    19.7%
     Union                            53%                      5.6%
     Warren                           56.1%                    9.8%
     Total                            60.3%                    13.2%

25   Among full-time, first-time degree seeking students
                     Employers confirm high school
                      graduates lack preparation

       • According to a recent Achieve, Inc. survey
         of employers, 45% of high school
         graduates are not prepared to advance
         beyond entry-level jobs.

   Source: Peter D. Hart Research Associates/Public Opinion Strategies, Rising to the Challenge:
26Are High School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? prepared for Achieve, Inc., 2005.
             Are New Jersey students
             ready for the workforce?

     • In a recent survey by the New Jersey
       Chamber of Commerce, 99% of New
       Jersey companies indicated that
       graduates do not have the skills to meet
       their needs.

             Are New Jersey students
             ready for the workforce?
     • A New Jersey employer had to interview
       1,300 candidates for 130 security jobs.
     • Criteria for being considered for this job
       were successful completion of a high
       school diploma and passing an application
     • 100% of the applicants had high school
       diplomas, but 90% couldn’t pass the test
       which measured eighth grade math skills.

     How should we prepare students?

        What other states are doing
     • Improving high schools is a national
     • The 25 states, including New Jersey, in
       the ADP Network comprise more than
       50% of public school students in the
     • Several states are making great strides in
       improving high school education.

          New Jersey’s ADP goals
     1. Align New Jersey’s high school
        standards in language arts literacy and
        math to the knowledge and skills
        required for success in postsecondary
        education and work.

       New Jersey’s ADP goals
     • Representatives from NJ colleges and
       businesses have adopted formal
       expectations for success in
       postsecondary education and work.

     • NJ’s standards in math and LAL at the
       high school levels are being aligned to
       these expectations.

           New Jersey’s ADP goals

     2. Require all students to take a college-
        and work-ready curriculum to earn a high
        school diploma.

       •   Require specific H.S. course content

       •   Present new H.S. graduation requirements
           to the State Board

       Current graduation requirements
       for language arts literacy, math,
                 and science
          Content Areas        Years
     Language Arts Literacy      4
     Mathematics                 3
     Science                     3

          Recommended graduation
     requirements—language arts literacy
           Content Area Courses

                           English I

                           English II
           Arts Literacy   English III

                           English IV

      Recommended graduation
      Content Area     Courses
                  Algebra I
      Mathematics Algebra II
                  (or complete
                  integrated math
                  equivalent to
                  these three

     Recommended graduation
      Content Area      Courses


      Science        Chemistry


           Recommended graduation
           requirements—other areas
                       Content Areas
     Social Studies
     Health and Physical Education
     Visual and Performing Arts
     World Languages
     Technological Literacy
     Career Education and Consumer, Family and Life Skills

          New Jersey’s ADP goals
 3. Administer to high school students a college-
    and work-ready assessment, aligned to state
    standards, that provides clear and timely
    information to address critical skills deficiencies
    while still in high school.
     •   ADP recommends a more rigorous HSPA and end
         of course exams in Algebra II and English III.

     •   Eliminate the Special Review Assessment (SRA)
         and establish a rigorous alternate path for students
         who don’t pass the HSPA.

      Special Review Assessment Data
     Test   Year   General ELL      Sp. Ed. Total
          1999     6,559    1,219   147     7,925
     HSPT 2000     6,818    1,364   226     8,427
          2001     7,572    1,460   194     9,226
          2002     7,613    1,675   260     9,548
          2003     12,566   1,617   463     14,646
     HSPA 2004     13,397   1,353   581     15,331
          2005     13,826   1,208   627     15,661
          2006     11,581   1,128   579     13,288

           New Jersey’s ADP goals

     4. Assist middle and high schools to:
       •   Restructure programs and schools to deliver
           a rigorous, standards-based curriculum to
           ALL students.
       •   Provide a personalized, engaging learning

          New Jersey’s ADP goals

     5. Design and offer sustained, intensive,
        job-embedded professional development
        to enable educators to meet these goals.

     Are our students up for the

        Knowing what they know today, high school
          graduates would have worked harder
                                          Would have applied myself more


                                 Graduates who                                        Graduates who did
                                 went to college                                       not go to college

  Source: Peter D. Hart Research Associates/Public Opinion Strategies, Rising to the Challenge: Are
44 School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? prepared for Achieve, Inc., 2005.
                If high school had demanded more,
               graduates would have worked harder

                                                                                            Would have
                                                                                             worked harder
                    18%                                                        17%
                                                                                            Strongly feel would
                                                                                              have worked harder

                                                                                            Wouldn’t have
                                                                                              worked harder
                    64%                                                        63%

                                              15%                                             18%

                 High school graduates who                                  High school graduates who
                       went to college                                         did not go to college

 Source: Peter D. Hart Research Associates/Public Opinion Strategies, Rising to the
 Challenge: Are High School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? prepared for
 Achieve, Inc., 2005.
                   A majority of recent New Jersey high
                   school dropouts regret their decision



                 Wish I stayed in                         Satisfied with   Not sure
                  high school                               decision       how I feel

46Source: New Jersey United for Higher School Standards, 2006.
          Advice from New Jersey high
                school dropouts
     • In a recent survey by New Jersey United, recent high
       school dropouts were asked what they would say to
       students still in high school:

     ―Stay in school and work as hard as you can to succeed.
       Life is too hard without an education.‖

     ―You need your education. I know it may be difficult at this
       time, but stick it out and finish.‖

     ―School is worth it because it will help you get to that next
       step in life.‖
     Are our schools up for the

                The challenges
     • High schools were designed a century ago
       to address the needs of an industrial

        2005 High School Graduation
             Survey Information
     • Conducted by NJDOE
     • Types of schools included:
       • Charter schools
       • Vocational-technical schools
       • Adult high schools/Evening schools
       • Comprehensive high schools


     • Algebra I              • Algebra II
     • 66% reported           • 43% reported
       requiring algebra 1 of   requiring algebra II for
       virtually all students   all students
                              • 25 % of the schools
     • 10% of the schools       reported that fewer
       reported that fewer      than 51% of their 2005
       than 50% of their 2005   graduates had taken
       graduates had taken      algebra II
       algebra 1


     • 59% of the schools reported requiring
       geometry for all students

  • 35% reported they                           • 69% of the schools
    required students to                          reported they require
    take a chemistry                              students to take a biology
    course                                        course
  • 14% reported they      • 26.5% of the schools
    required students to     reported that they require
    take a physics course    students to take an Earth
                             science course
  • 32% reported they
    required students to   • 1.3% reported they
    take a physical science required students to take a
    course                   space science course

 Note: Several schools identified courses that could not be easily
 categorized such as life skills science, science for poets, special
 education science or science 1, 2, etc.
                 What is needed
     • A sustained, systemic initiative for P-12 is
       needed to make sure all students enter 9th grade
       prepared for rigorous high school courses.
     • Schools need to be rigorous without being overly
       rigid to accommodate the full scope of student
     • Parents and the community need to be involved
       in and supportive of the high school redesign

            Effective high schools
     • Characteristics of effective high schools:
       – Create active, collaborative learning
       – Provide challenging, content-rich instruction
       – Engage all students
       – Foster strong problem-solving skills

                   Next steps
     • Create a white paper from the discussion
       at this and other convenings along with
       feedback collected from participants.
     • Present recommendations for Core
       Curriculum Content Standards, graduation
       requirements, and assessment system to
       policy and decisionmakers in early 2007.

             Question and Answer
     More information on the New Jersey High
      School Redesign Steering Committee is
      available at:


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