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Albany, New York

Albany, New York
Albany — City — City of Albany Elevation 200 ft (60 m) Population (2000) 95,658 - City 5,488.1/sq mi (2,118.4/ - Density km2) 1,147,850 - Metro Albanian - Demonym Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s)
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Downtown Albany as seen from Rensselaer

EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4) 518

Twin Cities - Tula - Nijmegen - Quebec City - Verona - Nassau FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

Russia Netherlands Canada Italy Bahamas 36-01000 0977310 http://www.albanyny.org/

Motto: Assiduity

Location in Albany County and the State of New York.

Albany
Location within the state of New York.

Coordinates: 42°39′35″N 73°46′53″W / 42.65972°N 73.78139°W / 42.65972; -73.78139 Country State County Founded Incorporated Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water United States New York Albany 1614 July 22, 1686 Gerald D. Jennings (D) 21.8 sq mi (56.6 km2) 21.4 sq mi (55.5 km2) 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2) 2.15%

Albany is the capital of the state of New York[1] and the county seat of Albany County. Albany is roughly 136 miles (219 km) north of the city of New York,[2] and slightly south of the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. The city sits on the Hudson River and has a major port. The Hudson River has been deepened so that ocean-going ships can reach the city. As of July 2007, the city had an estimated population of 94,172.[3] Albany has close ties with the nearby cities of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs, forming a region called the Capital District,[4] a historic area of the United States. The bulk of this area is made up of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which has a population of 850,957;[5] this MSA is the fourth largest urban area in New York and the 56th largest MSA in the United States.[6] Albany was built on the site of the Dutch Fort Orange and its surrounding community of Beverwyck.[7] The English acquired the site from the Dutch in 1664 and renamed it Albany, in honor of James II, Duke of Albany. A 1686 document issued by Thomas Dongan granted Albany its official charter.[8] After New Amsterdam, Albany is the second oldest

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city in the state in terms of its date of incorporation.

Albany, New York
Gaelic name for Scotland. The Dutch briefly regained Albany in 1673 until November 1674, during which time Albany was referred to as Willemstadt.[13] Albany was formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan on July 22, 1686. The "Dongan Charter" was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier.[8] Pieter Schuyler was appointed first mayor of Albany the day the charter was signed.[14]

History
Albany is the oldest surviving European settlement from the original thirteen colonies.[9] The original native settlement in the area was called Penpotawotnot. In 1540 French traders (perhaps the first Europeans to visit the area) built a primitive fort on Castle Island; this fort was soon abandoned due to flooding. Permanent European claims began when Englishman Henry Hudson, exploring for the Dutch East India Company on the Halve Maen (or Half Moon), reached the area in 1609. In 1614, Hendrick Christiaensen rebuilt the French fort (referred to as a French chateau at the time) as Fort Nassau the first Dutch fur trading post in present-day Albany,[10] and left Jacob Eelkens in charge. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and amongst the native tribes, who vied to control the trade. Again due to flooding the fort on Castle Island was abandoned, this time rebuilt in 1624 as Fort Orange slightly to the north.[11] Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau.[12] Nearby areas were incorporated as the village of Beverwyck in 1652.[7]

New York State Capitol, begun in 1872 and completed in 1899. At a cost of $25 million it was the most expensive government building of its time. In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Albany Congress. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania presented the Albany Plan of Union, the first formal proposal to unite the colonies. Although it was never adopted by Parliament, it was an important precursor to the U.S. Constitution. During the French and Indian Wars General Lord George Augustus Howe was killed in 1758 at the Battle of Ticonderoga and subsequently buried in Albany, today under the front vestibule of St. Peter’s Church on State Street. [15] [16] Albany native Philip Livingston was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. William Alexander, a general in the Revolutionary War, died in Albany in 1783. Shortly after the Revolutionary War Aaron Burr, who had a law office in Albany at 24 South Pearl Street,[16] came into conflict with Alexander Hamilton, who had gotten married in Albany at the Schuyler Mansion to Philip Schuyler’s daughter. At 50 State Street, the home of John Tayler (later Lt. Governor and acting-Governor of the state), Hamilton made disparaging remarks about Burr and these were published in a local newspaper.[17] [15] Several US Navy ships have since been named USS Albany in honor

Map of Castle Island and Fort Orange in 1629 When the land was taken by the English in 1664, the name was changed to Albany, in honor of the Duke of York and Albany,[13] who later became King James II of England and James VII of Scotland. Duke of Albany was a Scottish title given since 1398, generally to a younger son of the King of Scots. The name is ultimately derived from Alba, the

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of the City’s historical and military importance. Albany had roughly 500 people in 1686 and had slowly grown over the next 100 years to 3,498 in the first national census (1790).[18] By 1810 Albany, with 10,763 people, was the 10th largest city in the nation. In the 1830 and 1840 censuses, Albany moved up to 9th largest, then in 1850 back to 10th. This was the last time the city was in the top ten largest cities in the nation. In 1797, the state capital of New York was moved permanently to Albany. From statehood to this date the legislature spent roughly equal time constantly moving between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and the city of New York.[19] The State Capitol building was begun in 1867 and finished in 1899 when Governor Theodore Roosevelt declared the building completed.[20] It was inspired by the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) in Paris, France.[21] Notable architectural features include its "Million Dollar Staircase." Albany’s location on the Hudson River made it a center of transportation from the outset. In 1807, Robert Fulton initiated a steamboat line from New York to Albany. On October 26, 1825 the Erie Canal was completed, forming a continuous water route from the Great Lakes to the city of New York. Also in 1825 a 4,300-foot (1,300 m) long and 80-foot (24 m) wide pier was constructed 250 feet (76 m) from, and perpendicular to, Albany’s shoreline.[22] Along with two bridges the pier enclosed roughly 32 acres (130,000 m2) of the Hudson River as the Albany Basin. The construction of the pier and bridges cost $119,980[23]. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad (M&H), chartered in 1826, built the Albany and Schenectady Railroad between those two cities, starting service on August 9, 1831.[24] The M&H subsequently became part of the New York Central Railroad.[25] Erastus Corning, a noted industrialist and founder of the New York Central, called Albany home and served as its mayor from 1834 to 1837. His great-grandson, Erastus Corning 2nd, served as mayor of Albany from 1942 until 1983, the longest single mayoral term of any major city in the United States.[26] Between 1965 and 1978, the Empire State Plaza was constructed in Albany’s midtown, west of downtown and south of the Capitol. It was, and remains, controversial, in large part because it required the demolition of several

Albany, New York

The city of Albany circa 1906 from the New York State Capitol historical neighborhoods and the forced removal of Jewish, Italian, African American, and Latino inhabitants.. The Plaza was conceived by Governor Nelson Rockefeller and is now named in his honor. The Erastus Corning Tower stands 589 feet (180 m) high and is the tallest building in New York State outside New York City. Four other smaller towers, the Legislative Office Building, the Cultural Education Center (which houses the State Library and Museum), the Justice Building, and the performing arts center known as "The Egg" make up the rest of the Empire State Plaza. The design of the Plaza is based loosely on the National Congress complex in the Brazilian capital of Brasilia. A number of north-south streets in Albany are named after birds: for instance, Lark Street, Dove Street, Hawk Street, Eagle Street, Partridge Street, and Swan Street. At one point, the east-west streets were named for animals: for example, Lion (now Washington Avenue), Fox (now Sheridan Avenue), Deer (now State Street west of Eagle Street), and Wolf (now Madison Avenue). The only east-west streets that currently bear their animal names are Elk Street in the Sheridan Hollow neighborhood and Beaver Street in downtown Albany.

Economy
The economy is heavily dependent on the state government, with much of Albany’s (and indeed, much of the Capital District’s) population being employed by various state departments and legislators. Albany is increasingly seen as a leader in nanotechnology, with the University at Albany’s nanotechnology program being respected as a national leader. The city is at the center of a 19-county region in eastern New York state branded as "Tech Valley" due to the growing number of companies, entrepreneurs and research facilities focusing on high-tech industries such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, homeland security, information technology and alternative energy. Chipmaker AMD’s spinoff, GlobalFoundries, intends to build a

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$4.6 billion chip manufacturing complex in nearby Malta[27] and two local public educational consortiums opened Tech Valley High School in 2007 to facilitate project-based learning and emphasize math and science to the area’s students.[28] 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Albany, New York
24,209 33,721 50,763 62,367 69,422 90,758 94,923 94,151 100,253 113,344 127,412 130,577 134,995 129,726 115,781 101,727 101,082 95,658 91.7% 39.3% 50.5% 22.9% 11.3% 30.7% 4.6% −0.8% 6.5% 13.1% 12.4% 2.5% 3.4% −3.9% −10.7% −12.1% −0.6% −5.4%

Geography
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.8 sq mi (56.6 km²); 21.4 sq mi (55.5 km²) of that area consists of land and 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km²) consists of water. The Pine Bush, located on the far edge of the city with Guilderland and Colonie is the only sizable inland pine barrens and sand dunes in the United States, and is home to many endangered species including the Karner Blue butterfly. Four lakes exist within city limits, including Buckingham Lake, Rensselaer Lake, Tivoli Lake, and Washington Park Lake.

Climate
Albany has a humid continental climate, with cold, snowy winters, and hot, wet summers. Snowfall is significant, totaling about 63 inches annually, but with much less accumulation than the lake-effect areas to the north and west, being far enough from Lake Ontario. Albany however, is close enough to the coast to receive heavy snow from Nor’easters, and the city gets the bulk of its yearly snowfall from these types of storms. Winters are often very cold with flucuating conditions, temperatures often drop to below 0 °F (-18 °C) at night. Summers in Albany can contain stretches of excessive heat and humidity, with temperatures above 90 °F (32 °C) and dew points near 70, it sits at a relatively low elevation with no large water bodies to effect cooling. Severe thunderstorms are common, as the city is located in a conducive area for severe weather near the Mohawk Valley. Tornadoes are rare.

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 3,498 — 1790 5,289 51.2% 1800 1810 1820 10,762 12,630 103.5% 17.4%

3.2% Est. 2007 98,687 [30] of 2000, there were As of the census 95,658 people, 40,709 households, and 18,400 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,474.6/sq mi (1,727.5/ km²). There were 45,288 housing units at an average density of 2,118.4/sq mi (817.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.12% White, 28.14% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 3.26% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. 5.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Ancestries include: Irish (18.1%), Italian (12.4%), German (10.4%), English (5.2%), and Polish (4.3%).[2] There were 40,709 households out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.8% were non-families. 41.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.95. The median home value in Albany, NY, is $175,800. Home appreciation is 12.70% over the last year. The median age of Albany, NY, real estate is 63 years.[31] In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 19.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For

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every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,375,[32] and the median income for a family was $39,932. Males had a median income of $31,535 versus $27,112 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,340. About 16.0% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Albany, New York
business, as well as public art installations. Madison Avenue (intersection at Ontario Street), Pearl Street, Broadway, and Lark Street serve as the most active entertainment areas in the city, with Lark as perhaps the most culturally interesting street downtown, and Madison as the most popular street where college students prefer to party (midtown). Technically the westernmost border of the Center Square neighborhood and located one block east of Washington Park, Lark Street is home to independent shops, a coffeehouse, restaurants, art galleries, antique shops, bars, and a tattoo parlor. Although the southeastern-most strip was rebuilt in 2002-2003 to place new trees and sidewalks in front of the shops in the active portion of Lark Street, some residents protested the neglect of the northwestern side of the street (crossing of Central Avenue), which enters the less-affluent Arbor Hill neighborhood. Madison Avenue (midtown) and Pearl Street (downtown) are home to the most popular bars. Summer concert series are sponsored by the city and businesses and held at the Corning Preserve, Riverfront Park, Washington Park, Tricentennial Square, and the Empire State Plaza. Last call for drinks at bars and nightclubs is at 4:00AM in Albany, unlike the earlier time of 2:00AM in much of the nation. This is often attributed to the historical high density of industrial facilities and the demand of second- and third-shift patrons. New York law allows bars to be open until 4:00AM (though local municipalities can override this law and designate an earlier time). Though this law was designed to accommodate the late nightlife of the city of New York, Albany decided to also adopt it since it is typically difficult to clear the streets of bar patrons.

Culture
Nightlife and entertainment
Albany’s geographic situation as a "Crossroads City" (roughly equidistant between New York and Montreal, Buffalo and Boston) makes it a convenient stop for nationally touring artists and acts. The Palace Theatre and The Egg provide mid-sized forums for music, theater, and spoken word performances. The Times Union Center, previously the Knickerbocker Arena ("The Knick"), or more recently The Pepsi Arena ("The Pepsi"), serves as the city’s largest musical venue for nationally and internationally prominent bands, as well as trade shows, sporting events, and other large-scale community gatherings. The New York State Museum is a major cultural draw in Albany, focusing on fine arts, natural history, and New York’s economic, political, and social histories.

Festivals
• The Tulip Festival, or the Tulip Fest as it is locally known, is set in Albany’s Washington Park. This traditional Albany event marks the beginning of spring as thousands of tulips bloom in the Park in early May. Tulip Fest is a celebration of Albany’s rich Dutch heritage, and draws both local and regional attendance.[33] • Alive at Five is a free concert series held downtown on Thursdays throughout the summer. The concert series features local,

The Egg, a performing arts center in the Empire State Plaza, is a major cultural attraction in Albany. In recent years, the city’s government has invested resources to cultivate venues and neighborhoods that attract after-hours

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regional and national artists and hosts different genres of music each week. The African American Family Day Arts Festival takes place in early August and provides musical acts, cultural cuisine, and family entertainment. Latin Fest offers Latin music, dance, food and crafts every year in Washington Park. The Albany Jazz Festival is held at the end of summer every year in the Albany Riverfront, Park Amphitheater. Lark Fest is a festival held each fall over a three day span. The festvival, held on Lark Street, enjoys local artist performances, unique artisan wares are sold and musical performances by local bands ranging from jazz to metal and everything in between.

Albany, New York
two independent film theaters (the Spectrum 8 and The Madison[4]), as well as performing and fine arts venues associated with the University at Albany and College of St. Rose. Albany is home to a large and important collection of modern art. The Empire State Plaza Art Collection, which belongs to the public of New York, includes works by Alexander Calder, Robert Motherwell and Jackson Pollock. The emphasis of the collection is abstract work by New York artists from the 1960s and 1970s, including representative artists from the Abstract Expressionist, Color Field and Lyrical Abstraction movements. Glenn Lowry, director of the Museum of Modern Art in the city of New York has called the collection "the most important State collection of modern art in the country."[34]

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Artistic community

Notable residents

The Albany Institute of History & Art Albany possesses an active artistic community and culture that is often regenerated by students at the region’s colleges and universities, the region’s many nonprofit cultural organizations, and by former residents of regional megalopolii such as Boston and New York relocating to take advantage of Albany’s affordable, historic housing and commercial spaces. The Albany Symphony Orchestra, Capital Repertory Theatre [3], Albany Institute of History & Art and Palace Theatre provide outlets for locally composed, created, and curated works, as well as traveling exhibitions and shows. There are several small, private art galleries and antiquarian book shops in Albany, mainly clustered around Lark Street between Washington Avenue and Madison Avenue. Also, on Lark Street there is the annual Art on Lark, an outdoor sidewalk gallery featuring artists exhibiting and demonstrating their original work. This annual Sidewalk Art Show and Sale celebrates local artists and musicians.[33] Albany also has

Philip Livingston • Albert Janse Ryckman was one of the most prominent Albany brewmasters of the late seventeenth century. Captain of the militia. Deacon in the Dutch Reformed Church. Member of the first City Council in Albany and served as Mayor in 1702-1703. • Philip Livingston was one of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence. • Peter Gansevoort was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the American

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Revolutionary War who withstood St. Ledger’s siege of Fort Stanwix in 1777. Philip John Schuyler was a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York Philip Henry Sheridan was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. Bret Harte was an American author and poet, best remembered for his accounts of pioneering life in California. Joseph Henry was a scientist who pioneered several theories of electromagnetism. The SI unit of inductance, the henry, is named after him. Florence Auer was a pioneering early American film actress. Chester A. Arthur, 21st U.S. president, is buried in Albany Rural Cemetery in Menands, north of the city. Erastus Corning 2nd served as mayor of Albany from 1942 until 1983, the longest single mayoral term of any major city in the United States. Andrew Rooney is an American radio and television writer. He became most famous as a humorist and commentator with his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes With Andy Rooney", a part of the CBS news program 60 Minutes since 1979. William Kennedy is a Pulitzer Prizewinning author whose works feature much of the city’s history and its Irish American culture. William Devane is an American film and television actor. Stephen Hannock is a top American landscape painter, with work in Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, NY, the Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego, CA, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, MA and the National Museum of American Art in Washington, DC. Gregory Maguire is an American author whose novels include Wicked. Dean Miller, American actor and broadcaster, lived in Albany in the late 1940s and worked in radio. Trevanian, the best selling author of Shibumi, grew up in Albany, and his largely autobiographical book The Crazy Ladies of Pearl Street is set there, showing the face of Albany in the 1930s in exceptional detail. Charlayne Woodard is an award-winning American film, stage and television actor

Albany, New York
and playwright. She is a graduate of Albany High School. • Nikki Cleary pop star singer

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Government and politics

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Albany City Hall was completed in 1883. From Albany’s formal organization in 1686 until 1779, mayors of Albany were appointed by the royal governor of New York, per the provisions of the original City Charter. From 1779 until 1839, mayors were chosen by the New York State Council of Appointment, typically for a one year term that began in September. After 1840, Albany’s mayors were directly elected by the city’s residents. Albany has had 74 mayors since its inception. Gerald D. Jennings is the current Democratic mayor; he was first elected in 1993 and is currently serving in his fourth term of office. He is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition[35], a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Albany has been dominated by the Democratic Party since the 1920s, although the local branch was more moderate than the national party, being made up of mainly

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working-class Catholic families. Daniel P. O’Connell established a political machine in the city with the election of William Stormont Hackett in 1922. O’Connell’s operation survived well into the 1980s, as the machine put forth candidates which the electorate dutifully voted for. Mayor Gerald D. Jennings’ shocking upset in the 1993 Democratic mayoral primary over Harold Joyce, who had the Democratic Party’s formal endorsement and had only recently been its chairman, is often cited as the end of the O’Connell machine era in Albany. More recently, David Soares’ 2004 election as District Attorney has similarly been seen as a breaking of the mold, as Soares was not the favored candidate of the local Democratic Party. Although its founding base Catholics have shifted toward the Republican Party in recent decades, Albany continues to be dominated by the Democratic party. Democratic Party enrollment in the city is 38,862 compared to Republican enrollment of 3,487.[36] This gives Democrats a 10-1 advantage in the general election.

Albany, New York

Architecture

The Erastus Corning Tower, part of the Empire State Plaza The Alfred E. Smith Building seen from street level • The Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza (commonly known as simply the Empire State Plaza or The South Mall) is a large complex of several state-owned buildings downtown, including The Egg, Corning Tower, Swan Street Office Building, and Cultural Education Center (home of the New York State Museum). Built throughout the 1970s, Empire State Plaza is a powerful example of American late Modern architecture. • Albany City Hall is the city’s seat of government. It houses the office of the mayor, the Common Council chamber, and

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the City and Traffic Courts. Designed by Henry Hobson Richardson in his trademark Richardson Romanesque style, the granite building was constructed between 1880 and 1883. Albany City Hall is known for its pyramidal-roofed clock tower, which contains the nation’s first municipal carillon. The largest of the instrument’s 60 bells weighs 11,200 pounds, and the carillon is still played regularly. The New York State Capitol is the capitol building of the state of New York. Housing the New York Legislature, it is located on State Street in Capitol Park. The building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million (roughly half a billion current dollars), was the most expensive government building of its time. It is a National Historic Landmark. The Capitol was constructed between 1867 and 1899 and inspired by the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) in Paris, France. It is one of only ten capitol buildings in the United States that does not have a dome. The Alfred E. Smith Building, officially known as the Alfred E. Smith State Office Building and sometimes called simply the Al Smith Building, is a structure located in downtown Albany across the street from the New York State Capitol and One Commerce Plaza. The building’s namesake, Alfred Emmanuel Smith, was a four-term governor of New York and the Democratic Party’s nomination for the 1928 Presidential Election. The Art Deco skyscraper has 34 stories and at 388 feet (118 m) is Albany’s second tallest structure (after the Corning Tower). Completed in 1928, it houses offices of the New York state government. The building underwent an extensive renovation that began in 2002. This modernization, which cost at least $103 million, is now finished. Perhaps one of the most notable features of this building is the carving of all of the state’s counties’ names scrolling around the entire building. The Home Savings Bank Building and One Commerce Plaza are among downtown Albany’s other high-rises. The Quackenbush House is Albany’s oldest standing building (circa 1736), when built it actually sat just outside the city limits (which was at Clinton Ave.). Schuyler Mansion is the popular, modern-day name

Albany, New York
for a large brick edifice built just inside Albany’s southern boundary line in 1761. Situated on a large and commanding stretch of land, this Albany landmark was the home of General Philip John Schuyler. Other historic mansions include the Ten Broeck Mansion in Arbor Hill and the Cherry Hill on South Pearl Street. • Originally an Army National Guard armory, the Washington Avenue Armory Sports and Convention Arena is a mid-size venues for sports, entertainment and business. It is home of the Albany Patroons of the Continental Basketball Association and United States Basketball League.

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Recreational areas

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King Fountain in Washington Park • Washington Park is recognized as one of New York’s oldest city parks.[37] The Park was officially organized in 1809, but its current location has been used as a recreational site for well over 300 years.[38] Washington Park’s current layout was designed in 1868 by Frederick Law Olmsted. It was opened for the public use in 1871.[39] Frederick W. Brown’s Lake House was added in 1876.[37] Previously it had been a cemetery and

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when they made it into a park they moved the graves to Albany Rural Cemetery.

Albany, New York
• Albany Riverfront Park at the Corning Preserve is home to an 800-seat amphitheatre which hosts numerous events from Spring through Fall. In addition, a visitors center houses an explanation of the Hudson River’s tides. The park also features a bike trail and boat launch. • Buckingham Lake Park contains a pond with fountains, a footpath, a playground, and picnic tables.

Education

Albany High School A sunset over Buckingham Lake • Lincoln Park was organized in 1886. It was originally known as Delaware Square and later as Beaver Park.[40] Today, the park has a pool that is open to city residents during the summer months. • The Pine Bush is the only sizable inland pine barrens sand dunes in the United States, and is recognized as a unique pine barrens ecosystem. It contains over 300 species of vertebrate animals, over 1,500 species of plants, and over 10,000 species of insects and other invertebrate animals. Many of them are rare and restricted to the Pine Bush habitat. The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is sung by the Indian brave from the Vale of Tawasentha located in the Pine Bush. George Washington wrote of the Pine Bush in his diaries while traveling in upstate New York during the Revolutionary War. In Moby-Dick, Herman Melville describes the dark beauty of the Pine Bush in a long account of a stage coach ride from Albany to Schenectady. The Albany City School District enrolls about 10,000 students. It includes Albany High School, the city’s public high school. The district also includes the Abrookin Vo-Tech Center High School and Harriet Gibbons High School for 9th Graders.[41] The district also has 11 elementary schools and 3 middle schools. Albany public schools spend $9,227 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058. There are about 13.7 students per teacher in Albany.[42] The city is also home to six charter schools,[43] with three more planned in the coming years. Colleges and universities in Albany include Albany College of Pharmacy; Albany Law School; Albany Medical College; College of Saint Rose; Excelsior College; Maria College of Albany; Mildred Elley; Sage College of Albany; and the University at Albany, one of the four University Centers in the State University of New York system. The University at Albany Uptown Campus, sandwiched between Washington and Western Avenues in the western part of the city. Private Schools

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• The Academy of the Holy Names - A Catholic all-female elementary, middle & high school. • The Albany Academy – Founded 1813, alumni include scientist Joseph Henry and Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus Wheeler Peckham; Herman Melville attended The Albany Academy, but did not graduate. • Albany Academy for Girls – The oldest independent day school for girls in the United States. • Albany Free School – Founded in 1969 by Mary Leue, is the oldest inner-city independent alternative school in the United States. • Bishop Maginn High School - Co-ed Catholic High School • Christian Brothers Academy – Founded in Albany in 1859 by the Brothers of Christian Schools, now located in the nearby town of Colonie. • Doane Stuart School – The area’s only coeducational independent school and the only known merger of Catholic and Protestant schools in the United States. • The Harriet Tubman Free School – The high school program of the Free School of Albany was founded in 1969. HTFS states that they are "built upon principles of autonomy, respect, and personal responsibility". • La Salle School - Founded in 1854 by the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Christian Brothers). Further information: list of high schools

Albany, New York
In terms of broadcast media, Albany is part of Arbitron market #63 (radio), and Nielsen DMA #57 (television), and is a broadcast market with historical relevance. The pioneering influence of General Electric in nearby Schenectady directly contributed to the area emerging as the birthplace of station-based television (WRGB) and one of the earliest FM broadcast stations (today’s WRVE), in addition to the first federally licensed radio station in upstate New York, WGY. WRGB also has the distinction of being the very first affiliated station of the NBC Television Network. In 1947, this region was also home to the first independently-owned and operated stand-alone FM radio station in the United States, W47A. In the early 2000s, the greater Albany market had the distinction of having the highest concentration of FM broadcast stations east of the Mississippi River. The Albany TV DMA is served by the following stations, providing programming from many of the English-language American broadcast television networks: WRGB-CBS, WTEN-ABC, WNYT-NBC, WXXA-FOX, WMHT-PBS,WCWN-CW, WNYA-My Network TV, and WYPX-ION. All of these services, with the exception of WNYA, also have companion digital television transmitters serving the region. There are currently no local affiliates for any of the Spanish-language domestic broadcast television networks, however the national service of Univision is provided via basic cable TV. Local cable TV operator Time-Warner Cable provides a 24-hour cable news channel, Capital News 9. Christian television networks TBN and 3ABN are available via low-power translator service to the immediate metro area. Unlike many television markets around the country, TV stations from neighboring markets cannot normally be received in the greater Albany area due to distance and terrain. On the radio side, the Capital Region has three local News/Talk radio stations, WGY, WROW, and WGDJ on the AM (MW) band. All feature a mixture of locally oriented and nationally syndicated programming. There are two Sports formatted stations: WOFX, local affiliate for FOX Sports Radio; and WTMM, local affiliate for ESPN Radio. Both stations provide local sports and sports-talk programming as well as national content. The FM dial is primarily made up of commercial musicformatted stations similar to those in other

Media
The Albany Times Union is Albany’s primary daily newspaper and the only one based close to the city; its headquarters moved to suburban Colonie in the 1970s after a dispute with then-Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd over land needed for expansion. The newspaper celebrated its 150th year of publishing in 2006. Serving Albany to a lesser degree are the Daily Gazette (which focuses primarily on Schenectady) and Troy Record. Metroland is the alternative newsweekly in the area, publishing each Thursday, while The Business Review (née Capital District Business Review) is a business weekly published each Friday.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
cities around North America, the largest of which include Pop music station WFLY ’FLY-92’, Adult Contemporary WYJB ’B-95.5’, Adult Rock WRVE ’99.5 The River’, Soft music WKLI ’Magic 100.9’, Rock station WQBKFM ’Q-103’, Classic Rock WPYX ’PYX-106’, and Country music WGNA ’Country 107.7’. Public radio broadcasting is available from two organisations: Northeast Public Radio serves the Capital Region via their flagship station WAMC-FM, and is the primary local affiliate for NPR network programming, and WMHT-FM is another local outlet that clears select NPR and PRI programming. WAMC focuses on News & Talk programming during the day, various music programs and BBC World Service programming in the evening, while WMHT-FM mainly provides Classical Music programming for most of their broadcast schedule. There are no radio stations in the Albany area that provide programming in languages other than English on a full-time basis. A few individual programs in languages including Spanish, Italian and Arabic are scheduled, primarily on college owned and operated stations. In total, there are 16 AM/MW stations, 30 full-power FM stations, 14 low-power FM translators, 8 full power analog TV stations, 5 low-power TV translators, and 8 full power digital TV (DTV) stations licensed to communities within 30 miles (48 km) of downtown Albany.

Albany, New York
• Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) provides bus service throughout Albany and surrounding areas (including Schenectady and Troy) and provides management for the local rail station (see below) and those in Schenectady and Saratoga Springs. • Albany International Airport, located in nearby Colonie, serves Albany and the greater Capital Region with air service across the country. It is one of the first commercial airports in the world, and the first municipal airport in the United States.[44] • Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak station (located right across the Hudson river in Rensselaer, hence the station’s name) was Amtrak’s tenth busiest station and the second busiest in the state behind New York Penn Station with a ridership of over 730,000 passengers, as of 2006 and serves as a connection point for many Amtrak trains.[45] • Greyhound Lines, Trailways, and Peter Pan/Bonanza buses are all served by a downtown terminal which is not far from most state office buildings and is convenient to most CDTA lines. There is also a Chinatown bus service that leaves from Central Ave and goes to Chinatown in Manhattan. • The New York State Thruway travels as Interstate 87 into Albany from the city of New York, curving west through Albany, becoming Interstate 90 at Exit 24, then travelling through Guilderland, Schenectady, and Rotterdam, finally heading west towards Syracuse and Buffalo. • Interstate 787 runs from the Thruway at Exit 23 through downtown Albany, intersecting Interstate 90 and finally ending in Cohoes. • Interstate 90 before meeting the Thruway, runs through the north side of the city of Albany, making this portion of the highway the only non-tolled section in New York State outside the small non tolled portion in Buffalo. I-90 runs from the Thruway at Exit 24, loops around Albany, intersects I-787, runs through the western suburbs of Rennselaer County, and finally meets back up with the Thruway on the Berkshire Spur. • Interstate 87, after leaving the Thruway system, runs north to Saratoga Springs,

Transportation
[[File:Albany Int’l Airport.JPG|thumb|Albany International Airport [[File:RensselaerRailStation.JPG|thumb|The Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak Station]]

A line of CDTA buses on State Street

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Glens Falls, through the Adirondack Mountains, forming a vital link between Albany and Montreal. • Other nearby interstates include Interstate 890 running through Schenectady, and Interstate 88 which runs from the Thruway towards Binghamton. A cancelled extension would have had I-88 running through the Capital District to Portsmouth, New Hampshire. • The city was once served by both an urban streetcar service maintained by the United Traction Company as well as an interurban commuter service maintained by the Schenectady Railway Company, which also offered weekend recreational tours of the Mohawk Valley via rail. As in many American cities after the advent of the automobile, light rail services declined in popularity in Albany and were replaced by autobus and taxi services. • The Port of Albany-Rensselaer located in Albany as well as across the Hudson River in Rensselaer handles domestic and international ships and barges. Major cargo includes turbines and grain. When first built in 1932 the grain elevator on site, now owned by Cargill, was the largest in the world and is believed to still be the largest in the United States east of the Mississippi River.[46]

Albany, New York
New York Giants summer training camp since 1996. • The College of Saint Rose: The St. Rose Golden Knights play at the Division II level. St. Rose plays in the Northeast Ten Conference. • Nearby Siena College’s basketball team plays in the Times Union Center in downtown even though it is located in the Albany suburb of Newtonville. The college teams play at the Division I level in all sports, although it discontinued its Division I-AA football program in 2003. It is a member of the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference for most sports, with field hockey playing as a member of the Northeast Conference. • Albany Dutchmen: Formerly the Bennington Bombers of Bennington, Vermont team of the New York Collegiate Baseball League, it is an amateur league of collegiate players who are unpaid to retain NCAA eligibility, whereas college baseball uses aluminum bats this league uses wooden. They play at Bleecker Stadium, hosting twenty-one home games out of a total season of forty-two games.[47]

Minor league professional teams
• Albany River Rats (AHL affiliate of the Carolina Hurricanes, was an affiliate of the New Jersey Devils until 2006). • Albany Firebirds (af2 arena football) • Albany Patroons (CBA and USBL basketball) • Chance of a Lifetime Basketball Academy (National Pro-Am basketball franchise) • Tri-City Valley Cats (New York-Penn League "short A" baseball, affiliate of the Houston Astros, based in nearby Troy).

Sports
NCAA college athletic programs
• University at Albany: Currently plays at the Division I level in all of its sports, though for most of its history it was a Division III school, with a brief stay at the Division II level in the late 1990s. The football team is a member of the Division I-AA Northeast Conference, while all other sports teams play as members of the America East Conference. In 2006, UAlbany became the first SUNY affiliated school to send a team to the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament. The men’s lacrosse team has also made multiple appearances in its sport’s NCAA Division I Championship Tournament, the first University at Albany team to do so. The Men’s Track & Field team has produced All-American athletes such as Gered Burns, Joe Greene, Marc Pallozzi, and Luke Schoen. UAlbany has hosted the

Defunct professional teams
• Albany Alleycats were a professional soccer team that competed in the United Soccer Leagues from 1995 to 1999 • Albany Firebirds were a team in the Albany area that won the Arena Bowl in 1999, but moved to Indianapolis, Indiana after the 2000 season. The Firebirds folded in late 2004. In 2008, the af2’s Albany Conquest were rebranded into the Albany Firebirds. • Albany Attack entered the National Lacrosse League as an expansion team prior to the 1999-2000 season. The Attack

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
played four years in Albany, which by far the most successful being the 2001-2002 season, when they made the league championship game. However, due to attendance problems, after the following season, the Attack moved to San Jose, California and became the San Jose Stealth. Albany Senators (Eastern League baseball, was a minor-league affiliate of the Boston Red Sox for a time in the 1950s. Albany-Colonie Yankees (Eastern League baseball, AA affiliate of the New York Yankees from 1985 to 1994, playing host to several key players of the parent club’s eventual late-1990s dominance.) • Albany A’s/Albany-Colonie A’s (Eastern League affiliate of the Oakland Athletics in 1983 and 1984, superseded by the Albany-Colonie Yankees.) Capital District Islanders (American Hockey League, forerunner to Albany River Rats when affiliated with the New York Islanders.) Albany Choppers (International Hockey League, 1990-1991 season, folded February 1991) Albany Patroons/Capital Region Pontiacs (original version from 1982 to 1993 was a dominant team in the league and a starting point for notable NBA coaches Phil Jackson and George Karl moved to Hartford, Connecticut, then folded before being revived in 2005.) Albany-Colonie Diamond Dogs, played at Heritage Park in nearby Colonie beginning in 1995. In 1999, they captured the Northern League title but folded after the 2002 season due to financial difficulties and competition from the newly formed Tri-City Valley Cats. New York Kick (American Indoor Soccer Association) the team split time between Albany and Glens Falls, New York so the team choose to be named after the state.

Albany, New York

•

•

The Times Union Center Albany River Rats (AHL) and Albany Firebirds (af2). The Times Union Center has hosted NCAA Division I hockey and basketball post-season tournaments, among many other sporting events.

•

In popular culture
• The 1987 movie Ironweed, starring Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep, was filmed in Albany and surrounding cities and towns. It was based on the 1983 novel by local author William Kennedy. Ironweed also included Albany’s former 3rd Ward Councilman Nebraska Brace. • In an episode of Arrested Development titled "Ready Aim Marry Me" season 2 episode 10, Martin Short’s guest character, Jack Dorso, breaks boths his legs performing a birthday feat of strength in a newly remodeled gym in Albany. • In "The Prototype", the second episode of the Dilbert animated television series, designers of a new product take part in a competition in which the loser is sent to the "dreaded" Albany office. • In The Office, the fictional company Dunder Mifflin has an Albany branch office. • David Spade’s character, Dennis Finch, from the popular sit-com Just Shoot Me! was born in Albany. • In Jack Smight’s 1977 movie Damnation Alley, a group of US Air Force personnel cross a war-ravaged US to reach the source of a radio transmission from Albany. • The Donald Strachey mystery series written by Richard Stevenson and then filmed as movies by Shavick Entertainment is set in Albany.

•

•

•

•

Times Union Center
The Times Union Center, originally the Knickerbocker Arena (1990-1998) and later the Pepsi Arena (1998 - 2006), is a major regional athletic venue located in downtown Albany. It has a seating capacity of up to 17,500 for sporting events. The Siena College Men’s Basketball team plays its home games there, and the Center is also home to the

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• In the television series, "24," Kim Raver’s character "Audrey Raines" is said to have been born in Albany. Her father on the show, "James Heller" is played by Albany native, William Devane.

Albany, New York
Broadway, north of the city’s downtown, with river views. Saint Peter’s Hospital is undergoing a construction project, where an Atrium is being construction on the corner of South Manning Blvd. and New Scotland Avenue. Albany Medical Center is in the beginning phase of a $360 million construction project for a new six story medical wing on the corner of New Scotland and Myrtle Avenues.[49]

In The Simpsons
• In an episode of The Simpsons titled "The Old Man and Lisa" (4F17), Principal Skinner while at the headquarters of the Junior Achievers Club at Springfield Elementary comments that the "load of garbage" they saved has given the group more money for a field trip to Albany. The children (mostly composed of the school’s smartest students) cheer. • In an episode of The Simpsons titled "Homer to the Max" (AABF09), Homer spills a fondue pot over his control panel at the power plant, shorting out the circuitry. This clearly blacks out Albany (shown by a U.S. map in the background which shows a flicker of light disappear in upstate New York). This is confirmed when Lenny remarks "There goes Albany!". • In an episode of The Simpsons titled "22 Short Films About Springfield" (3F18), Principal Skinner tries to explain that "steamed hams" is an Albany expression for hamburgers. • In an episode of The Simpsons titled "Lisa’s First Word" (9F08), Grandpa Simpson declares that as a child he was voted the most handsome boy in Albany, New York.

Albany and its environs ranked against other cities

Albany as seen from across the Hudson River in Rensselaer County • According to a study conducted by the Axiom Corp., Albany and its environs are the top-ranked standard test market for new business and retail products, because its population mirrors the characteristics of the U.S. consumer population as a whole more than any other.[50] (2004) • Forbes ranked Albany-Schenectady-Troy as the third best place in the country with the best education and named Albany a Top IQ Campus as part of its 150 Places to Live Rich. (2005) • Albany-Schenectady-Troy is one of the healthiest communities in the nation according to Self Magazine. (2006) • Small Times magazine ranked University at Albany’s College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering as the best in the country for micro and nanotechnology. The school was tops in education, facilities and industry outreach. (2006)

Future development
The City of Albany has several planned construction projects planned. The most massive is the proposed Albany Convention Center, which has a projected cost of $397 million and would include two full service hotels. This project, however, has received negative feedback from groups citing the high cost.[48] The run-down section of State Street known as Wellington Row is set for a $65 million turn-around. Under plans submitted to the city, the facade of the buildings, including the defunct Wellington Hotel, would be kept. The project would include both residential and office space. The Capital Grand is planned as a multistory luxury condominium complex on

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• MSN Money named Albany-SchenectadyTroy as the seventh fastest-growing region that is still cheap. (2005) • Popular Science named Albany among its top cities for technology. (2005) • Crystal IS made Deloitte’s Technology Fast 500 – a ranking of the fastest growing tech companies in the U.S. On2 Technologies, Albany Molecular Research and AngioDynamics are among the fastest growing New York companies. CORESense, Inc. was named New York’s Rising Star Award Winner. (2005) • Albany Molecular Research and Intermagnetics General both made Red Herring’s Small Cap 100 list for bioscience. (2005) • Forbes ranked Albany the 18th best place to live and do business. (2006) • Forbes ranked Albany the 30th best place for work. (2006) • Forbes ranked Albany the 6th best housing market in the US.[51] (2007) • S&P puts Albany’s credit rating at AA-, the highest of any city in the Capital District according to the November 20th edition of the Albany Times Union. • Albany ranked among the 25 strongest housing markets in the US during the toughest economic conditions of 2008. [52] (2008)

Albany, New York

Location See also
Neighborhoods of Albany, New York Albany Post Road Albany City Hall List of Media in Albany, New York List of Mayors of Albany, New York Lark Street List of cities in New York List of incorporated places in New York’s Capital District • Port of Albany-Rensselaer • • • • • • • •

References
Notes
[1] "Welcome to Albany, NY!". Albany County Convention and Visitor’s Bureau. http://www.albany.org/. Retrieved on 2009-01-17.

[2] "How far is it?". Find Local Weather. http://www.findlocalweather.com/ forecast.php?forecast=pass&pass=distances&dpp=0 Retrieved on 2009-01-17. [3] "Population Estimates for All Places: 2000 to 2007". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/ cities/SUB-EST2007-4.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-23. [4] "Capital District County and MCD Links". Capital District Regional Planning Commission. http://cdrpc.org/ Co_MCD_Links.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-18. [5] "American Community Survey". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ Products/Profiles/Single/2003/ACS/ Narrative/380/NP38000US0160.htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-19. [6] "Population of Metropolitan Statistical Areas Ranked by 2000 Population". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/ cen2000/briefs/phc-t29/tables/ tab03b.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-01-18. [7] ^ "Beverwyck". Colonial Albany Social History Project. http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/ beverwyck.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-18. [8] ^ "The Dongan Charter". New York State Museum. http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/ albany/charter.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-23. [9] John D. Whish (1917). Albany Guide Book. J.B Lyon Company. p. 5. http://books.google.com/ books?id=DqCeHOJyK0wC&pg=PA5&dq=albany+fo Retrieved on 2009-01-18. [10] Cuyler Reynolds (1906). Albany Chronicles. p. 17. http://books.google.com/ books?id=XNU0AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA17&dq=castle+is Retrieved on 2009-01-18. [11] "Castle Island". Colonial Albany Social History Project. http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/na/ castle.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-19. [12] "A Virtual Tour of New Netherland". New Netherland Institute. http://www.nnp.org/vtour/regions/ Albany/fortnassau.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-19. [13] ^ "Traders and Culture: Colonial Life in America". Albany Institute of History and

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albany, New York

Art. http://www.albanyinstitute.org/ PRR1826%20Apr%2005.pdf. Retrieved z-%20AIHA%20website/7-Education/ on 2009-01-23. Museum%20Lessons/ [25] "New York Central and Hudson River education.museum%20lessons_files/ Railroad". Scripophily.com. Microsoft%20Word%20-%20Traders%20and%20Culture.pdf. http://www.scripophily.net/ Retrieved on 2009-01-19. newyorcenand.html. Retrieved on [14] Cuyler Reynolds (1906). Albany 2009-01-23. Chronicles. p. xxvii. [26] "Exerpt from Mayor Corning: Albany http://books.google.com/ Icon, Albany Enigma". Albany Times books?id=XNU0AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA17&dq=castle+island+french+fort+1540&lr=#PPR4,M1. Union. http://webhome.idirect.com/ Retrieved on 2009-01-18. ~boweevil/corning2.html. Retrieved on [15] ^ "Albany Fun Facts". Albany County 2009-01-23. Convention and Visitor’s Bureau. [27] "Saratoga County, NY http://www.albany.org/aboutalbany/ GLOBALFOUNDRIES". FunFacts.aspx. Retrieved on http://www.globalfoundries.com/ 2009-01-22. about_us/locations/saratoga_county. [16] ^ Don Rittner (2000). Images of Retrieved on 2009-05-15. America: Albany. Arcadia Publishing. [28] Gardinier, Bob (2007-09-03). "For 40 ISBN 0-7385-0088-7. kids, an adventure begins Thursday". [17] Lawrence Kestenbaum. "Political Times Union (Albany). pp. A1. Graveyard". http://timesunion.com/archives/secure/ http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/tatemdocheckout.asp?action=Get+Doc+Tag&dblist=TX20 tayloe.html#RHP1A2ZIV. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2009-01-10. 2009-01-22. [29] "Monthly Averages for Albany, NY". [18] "How a City Worked: Occupations in USTravelWeather.com. 2008. Colonial Albany". New York State http://www.ustravelweather.com/ Museum. http://www.nnp.org/nnp/ weather-new-york/albany-weather.asp. publications/ABAFB/4.4.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-09-26. [19] John Austin Stevens (1886). The [30] "American FactFinder". United States Magazine of American History with Census Bureau. Notes and Queries. Historical Publication http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on Co.. http://books.google.com/ 2008-01-31. books?id=V7hnlOojVAEC&pg=RA1-PA124&dq=albany+and+kingston+capital+of+new+york#PPR2 [31] Sperling’s Best Places: Albany NY real Retrieved on 2009-01-19. estate resources [20] "Visiting the New York State Capitol". [32] Sperling’s Best Places: Albany, NY New York State Office of General economic resources Services (OGS). [33] ^ "Albany Special Events" (HTML). City http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/visiting/ of Albany Office of Special Events & cultural/tourscapitol.html. Retrieved on Volunteer Services. 2009-01-19. http://www.albanyevents.org/. Retrieved [21] "Discover the History of Albany, NY". on 2007-04-02. Albany.com. http://www.albany.com/ [34] Lowry, Glenn D.. "Introduction to the Albany-history.cfm. Retrieved on Collection". New York Office of General 2009-01-23. Services. http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/ [22] "The People’s Welfare.". Novak, William. visiting/cultural/tours/artcollections/ http://books.google.com/ artintro.html. books?id=8vQWaL[35] "Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition dT0EC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=1825+pier+albany+basin&source=bl&ots=ahsEsMrMme&sig= Members". SvEVE&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result. http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/ [23] "Reports of the Secretary of the Treasury html/about/members.shtml. of the United State". Rives, John. [36] "Albany contenders". Albany Times http://books.google.com/ Union. http://timesunion.com/AspStories/ books?id=G7XmSwnKL5wC&pg=PA413&dq=albany+basin+1825+pier+4,300+feet&hl=En. story.asp?storyID=758577&category=ALBANY&BCC [24] Christopher T. Baer (2005). 11/2009. "Pennsylvania RR Chronology". 5. [37] ^ Washington Park Conservancy in the http://www.prrths.com/Hagley/ City of Albany NY

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albany, New York

[38] WPNA - Washington Park Neighborhood Sources Association • "Albany, New York". City-Data.com. [39] Frederick Law Olmsted http://www.city-data.com/city/Albany-New[40] "Lincoln Park". Washington Park York.html. Retrieved on June 23 2008. Conservancy. • "Albany, New York". Sperling’s Best http://www.washingtonparkconservancy.com/ Places. Fast Forward. Lincoln_Park.htm. Retrieved on http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Albany2008-11-23. New_York.aspx. Retrieved on June 24 [41] Sperling’s Best Places: Albany NY 2008. schools [42] Sperling’s Best Places: Albany NY (overview) [43] Sperlings Best Places: Albany NY • Barbagallo, Tricia. "Fellow Citizens Read a Charter Schools Horrid Tale" (PDF). [44] "Albany Airport History.". Albany County http://www.archives.nysed.gov/apt/ Airport Authority. magazine/archivesmag_sum07.pdf. http://www.albanyairport.com/ Retrieved on June 2007. alb_history.php. Retrieved on • Barbagallo, Tricia. "Poor, Destitute, and 2009-01-17. Legally Entitled: The Paupers of Albany, [45] "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2006 1785-1800". http://www.albany.edu/ State of New York" (PDF). Amtrak. history/. Retrieved on June 2005. http://www.amtrak.com/pdf/factsheets/ • Barbagallo, Tricia. "Biography of John NEWYORK06.pdf. Retrieved on Tayler (1742-1829)". 2008-11-23. http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/t/ [46] "Energy fuels Port of Albany growth". jotayler.html. Retrieved on June 2003. Albany Times Union. • Barbagallo, Tricia. "James Caldwell of http://timesunion.com/AspStories/ Albany: Immigrant Entrepreneur". story.asp?storyID=721469&category=MULTIMEDIA&BCode=&newsdate=11/ http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/art/art26/2008. jctb.html. Retrieved on 2000. [47] Tim O’Brien. "Ball club to call Albany • Barbagallo, Tricia. "The Poor of Albany, home". Albany Times Union. New York". http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/ http://timesunion.com/AspStories/ albany/poor.html. Retrieved on June story.asp?storyID=773150&category=ALBANY&BCCode=&newsdate=2/ 2008. 24/2009. Retrieved on 2009-02-24. • Bielinski, Stefan. "The People of Colonial [48] O’Brien, Tim. Albany Convention Center Albany". http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/ Plan at $389M. [1] Times Union. January albany/gallery.html. 30, 2008. (accessed November 23, 2008) • Bielinski, Stefan. "From Outpost to [49] "Albany Medical Center Unveils Entrepot: The Birth of Urban Albany 1686 Expansion Plans to Meet Increased to 1776". http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/ Demand". Albany Medical Center. albany/art/art-ote.html. http://www.amc.edu/PR/PressRelease/ • Bielinski, Stefan. "The Jacksons, 02_28_08Expansion.html. Retrieved on Lattimores and Schuylers:First African2008-11-23. American Families of Early Albany". [50] Paeth, Greg (2004-06-03). "Cincinnati http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/art/artamong Top 20 at average: N.Y. cities jls.html. head test market list". The Cincinnati • History Sources. "Publications of the Post (E. W. Scripps Company). Archived Colonial Albany Project in the New York from the original on 2007-03-12. State Museum". http://web.archive.org/web/ http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/ 20070312042230/ pub.html. http://www.cincypost.com/2004/06/03/ aver060304.html. [51] Forbes: Best U.S> Housing Markets [52] http://www.forbes.com/2009/01/07/ • Official City Government Website housing-cities-realestate-forbeslifecx_do_0107realestatestrong_slide_22.html?thisSpeed=15000

History links

External links

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Welcome to Albany (official tourist information website) • The Online Guide for all things in Albany, NY • Albany, New York at the Open Directory Project • Albany-Colonie Regional Chamber of Commerce • • • • • •

Albany, New York
Albany City Court - Traffic Albany City Criminal Court The Hidden City PBS report on the State Capitol New York State Heritage Areas Hudson River Level at Albany, NY

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