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Agra

Agra
Agra Website
agra.nic.in

Coordinates: 27°11′N 78.02°E / 27.18; 78.02

78°01′E

/

27.18°N

Agra (pronounced /ˈɑːɡrə/ ; Hindi: ????, Urdu: ? ???) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It finds mention in the epic Mahābhārata where it was called Agrevaṇa (???????), or ’the border of the forest’[1]. Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Rājā Badal Singh (around 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present Fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas’ūd Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna.[2] Sultan Sikandar Lodhī was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506; he died in 1517 and his son Ibrāhīm Lodhī remained in power there for nine more years, finally being defeated at the Battle of Panipat in 1526[3]. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Agra
Location of Agra in Uttar Pradesh and India

Geography
Agra is situated on the banks of the Yamuna river. It has an average elevation of 171&tbsp;meters (561&tbsp;ft). To the north it is bound by Mathura, to the south by Haulier, to the east by Faisalabad, to the south-east by Fatheaded and to the west by Bukhara. Agra is the third biggest city in Attar Prado. The Agra district is divided into six Testilys and fifteen Blocks. The total number of Nay Panchromatics in the district are 114 while Gram Sachas stands at 636. The total populated villages are 904. The total number of police stations in the district are 41 out of which 16 are in urban areas, while 25 are in rural ones. The total number of Railway Stations (including Halts) are 29 and Bus

Country State District(s) Population • Density Time zone Area • Elevation Codes • Pincode • Telephone • Vehicle

India Uttar Pradesh Agra
1,650,000 (2008)

• 8,758 /km2 (22,683 /sq mi) IST (UTC+5:30)
188.40 km² (73 sq mi)

• 171 m (561 ft)

• 282 XXX • +91(562) • UP-80

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Stands/Bus Stops are 144. Total number of Broad Gauge lines is 196 K.M. and Meter Gauge is 35 K.M.

Agra

Demographics
As of the 2000 Indian census,[4] Agra had a population of 1,800,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Agra has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 63.5%; with 76% N males literate. 11% of the population is under D 6 years of age. Hindi is spoken by virtually everyone; English and Urdu are also spoken.

Climate
Climate chart for Agra J F M A M J J A S O

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12 10 10 16 67 196 227 113 27 3 33 23

34 29 24 Agra is a medieval city situated on the banks 16 8 5 of the river Yamuna. It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodī, the Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate founded it in the year 1504. After the Sultan’s death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodhī. He ruled his S O N Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to D Bābar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526. 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 2.6 7.7 8.9 4.4 1.1 0.1 0.2 the year 1556, the great Hindu warrior, In Hemu Vikramaditya also known as Hem 72 77 88 100 106 104 95 91 91 93 84 Chander Vikramaditya won Agra as the 75 41 45 54 66 77 82 79 77 73 61 46 Prime Minister cum Chief of Army of Adil 41 Shah of the Afghan Sūrī Dynasty. The comaverage temperatures in °F mander of Humāyūn / Akbar’s forces in Agra precipitation totals in inches was so scared of Hemu that he ran away Agra, located on the Indo-Gangetic plain has from the city without a fight. This was a continental climate, with long, hot summers Hemu’s 21st continuous win, and he later from April to September when temperatures went on to conquer Delhi, having his coronacan reach as high as 45 °C (113 °F). During tion at Purānā Qil’a in Delhi and re-estabsummers dry winds (loo) blow in this region. lished the Hindu Kingdom and the VikraThe monsoon months from July to September maditya Dynasty in North India. see about 69 cm (27 inches) of rainfall annuThe golden age of the city began with the ally. Winters last from November to FebruMughals. It was known then as Akbarabād ary, with day time temperatures comfortably and remained the capital of the Mughal Emwarm, but temperatures below freezing are pire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr and not uncommon during the night. Agra is also Shāh Jahān. Shāh Jahān later shifted his capprone to dense fog during the winter months ital to Shāhjahānabād in the year 1649. of December & January. Since Akbarabād was one of the most imA major tourist destination, Agra is best portant cities in India under the Mughals, it visited in the months of October, November, witnessed a lot of building activity. Babar, February and March, when the average temthe founder of the Mughal dynasty laid out peratures are between 16-25 °C (60-75 °F). the first formal Persian garden on the banks The monsoon season should be avoided by of river Yamuna. The garden is called the non-Indians due to the risk of disease and Arām Bāgh or the Garden of Relaxation. His flooding, and the months of April to June due grandson Akbar raised the towering ramto the extreme heat. The months of Decemparts of the Great Red Fort, besides making ber and January are to be avoided due to the Agra a center for learning, arts, commerce dense fog and often freezing temperatures, and religion. Akbar also built a new city on especially since much of the city has no heatthe outskirts of Akbarabād called Fatehpūr ing system. Sikrī. This city was built in the form of a Mughal military camp in stone.

22 25 31 38 41 40 35 33 5 7 12 19 25 28 26 25 average temperatures in °C precipitation totals in mm source: Weatherbase Imperial conversion J F M A M J J A

History

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Agra
1837–38. During the Indian rebellion of 1857 British rule across India was threatened, news of the rebellion had reached Agra on 11 May and on the 30th of May two companies of native infantry, the 44th and 67th regiments, rebelled and marched to Delhi. The next morning native Indian troops in Agra were forced to disarm, on 15 June Gwalior (which lies south of Agra) rebelled. By 3 July the British were forced to withdraw into the fort. Two days later a small British force at Sucheta were defeated and force to withdraw, this lead to a mob sacking the city. However the rebels moved onto Delhi which allowed the British to restore order by the 8th of July. Delhi fell to the British in September, the following month rebels who had fled Delhi along with rebels from Central India marched on Agra - but were defeated. After this British rule was again secured over the city until the independence of India in 1947.[5] Agra is the birth place of the religion known as Dīn-i Ilāhī, which flourished during the reign of Akbar and also of the Radhaswami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide.

Taj Mahal. His son Jahāngīr had a love of gardens and flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red Fort or Lāl Qil’a. Shāh Jahān ,known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabād its most prized monument, The Tāj Mahal. Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtāz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. Shāh Jahān later shifted the capital to Delhi during his reign, but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabād, usurping his father and imprisoning him in the Fort there. Akbarabād remained the capital of India during the rule of Aurangzeb until he shifted it to Aurangabad in the Deccan in 1653. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of Marathas and Jats and was called Agra, before falling into the hands of the British Raj in 1803.

Transportation
Getting In
By Air
Agra Airport at Kheria is about 6 km from the city centre, but is not very well connected. Now one can catch connecting flights to Agra via delhi or jaipur from most of the major cities of India. Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi is the best option. Agra is very well connected to Delhi both by rail and road.

By Rail
Agra is on the main train line between Delhi (Station Code : NDLS) and Mumbai (Bombay) (Station Code : CSTM) and between Delhi and Chennai (Station Code : MAS) and many trains connect Agra with these cities every day. Some east-bound trains from Delhi also travel via Agra, so direct connections to points in Eastern India (including Kolkata) (Calcutta) are also available. There are close to 20 trains to Delhi every day, and at least three or four to both Mumbai and Chennai. There are three stations in Agra:

Agra, Main Street, c.1858 In 1835 when the Presidency of Agra was established by the British, the city became the seat of government, and just two year later it was the witness to the Agra famine of

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• Agra Cantt (Station Code : AGC) is the main railway station and lies southwest of the Taj and Agra Fort, both of which are a short ride from the station by car, autorickshaw, or cycle rickshaw. There’s a prepaid taxi stand right outside that charges a flat Rs.120 to any hotel in the city. The station has a pretty good Comesum food court that also sells cheap, hygienic takeaway snacks (sandwiches, samosas, etc). • Agra Fort Railway Station (Station Code : AF) near Agra Fort, is infrequently serviced by the interstate express trains. The station serves trains to the east (Kanpur, Gorakhpur, Kolkata, Guwahati) some of these trains also stop at Agra Cantt. • Raja Ki Mandi (Station Code : RKM) is a small station. Some of the trains which stop at Agra Cantt also stop here. It is a very laid back station and springs into life at the arrival of Intercity Express and Taj Express. The luxury trains - the Palace on Wheels, and the Royal Rajasthan On Wheels also stop at Agra on their eight day round trip of tourist destinations in Rajasthan and Agra. The Buddhist Special Train also visits Agra. NH25 heads for the city of Lucknow (90 km, 2 hours).

Agra

Local Transportation

A Jugaad carrying passengers to a political rally in Agra, India Auto rickshaw and Cycle Rickshaw are the main modes of transport in Agra and are readily available. While passengers need to negotiate rates for the rickshaws and they are usually expensive, there is a system of (what is called) ’Tempo’ which are autorickshaws that run on specific routes called out by drivers. Tempos take around 6 people simultaneously and work out to be most economical and practical. There are City Buses but they are infrequent. Polluting vehicles are not allowed near Tāj Mahal, so one needs to take electric Auto’s or Tanga (Tonga) from a few kilometres outside the Tāj Mahal.

By Road
Idgah Bus Stand is the biggest Bus Stand in Agra and is connected to most of the bigger cities in North India. • From Delhi: NH2, a modern divided highway, connects the 200 km distance from Delhi to Agra. The drive is about 4 hours. The primary access to the highway is along Mathura Road in Delhi but, if coming from South Delhi or Delhi Airport, it is easier to take Aurobindo Marg (Mehrauli Road) and then work up to NH2 via Tughlakabad. • From Jaipur: National Highway 11, a two lane undivided highway, connects Agra with Jaipur via the bird sanctuary town of Bharatpur. The distance of around 255 km can be covered in around 4–5 hours. • From Gwalior A distance of around 120 km, takes around 1.5 hours on the National highway 3, also known as the Agra - Mumbai Highway. • From Lucknow / Kanpur NH2, the divided modern highway, continues on to Kanpur (285 km, 5 hours) and from there to points East ending in Kolkata. From Kanpur,

Places of Interest

Taj Mahal from Agra fort.

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Agra

Tāj Mahal

The Taj Mahal Agra’s Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jahān’s favorite wife, Mumtāz Mahal. It is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world, and one of three World Heritage Sites in Agra. Completed in 1653 CE., the Tāj Mahal was built by the Mughal king Shāh Jahān as the final resting place for his beloved wife, Mumtāz Mahal. Finished in marble, it is perhaps India’s most fascinating and beautiful monument. This perfectly symmetrical monument took 22 years (1630-1652) of hard labour and 20,000 workers, masons and jewellers to build and is set amidst landscaped gardens. Built by the Persian architect, Ustād ’Īsā, the Tāj Mahal is on the bank of the Yamuna River. It can be observed from Agra Fort from where Emperor Shāh Jahān gazed at it, for the last eight years of his life, a prisoner of his son Aurangzeb. It is an acknowledged masterpiece of symmetry. Verses of the Koran are inscribed on it and at the top of the gate are twenty-two small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. The Tāj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. The most elegant dome of the Tāj Mahal has a diameter of 60 feet (18 m), and rises to a height of 80 feet (24 m); directly under this dome is the tomb of Mumtāz Mahal. Shah Jahān’s tomb was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb. The interiors are decorated by fine inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones.

Amar Singh Gate, one of two entrances into Agra’s Red Fort Agra Fort (sometimes called the Red Fort), was commissioned by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565, and is another of Agra’s World Heritage Sites. A stone tablet at the gate of the Fort states that it had been built before 1000 but was later renovated by Akbar. The red sandstone fort was converted into a palace during Shāh Jahān’s time, and reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque, the Dīwān-e-’Ām and Dīwān-e-Khās (halls of public and private audience), Jahāngīr’s Palace, Khās Mahal, Shīsh Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musamman Burj. The great Mughal Emperor Akbar commissioned the construction of the Agra Fort in 1565 CE., although it was converted into a place by his grandson Shāh Jahān, being reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque or Motī Masjid, the Dīwān-e-’Ām and Dīwān-e-Khās (halls of public and private audience), Jahāngīr’s Palace, Khās Mahal, Shīsh Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musamman Burj. The forbidding exteriors of this fort conceal an inner paradise. The fort is crescent shaped, flattened on the

Agra Fort
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east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river. It has a total perimeter of 2.4 km, and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A 9 m. wide and 10 m. deep moat surrounds the outer wall. ChhatrapatiShīvajī visited the Agra Fort, as a result of the conditions of the Treaty of Purandar entered into with Mirzā Rājā Jaisingh to meet Aurangzeb in the Dīwān-i-Khās (Special Audience Chamber). In the audience he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. An insulted Shīvajī stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing’s quarters on 12 May 1666. Fearing the dungeons and execution he escaped on the 17th of August 1666. A heroic equestrian statue of Shīvajī has been erected outside the fort. The fort is a typical example of Mughal architecture.It shows how the North Indian style of fort construction differentiated from that of the South.In the South the majority of the beautiful forts were built on the seabed like the one at Bekal in Kerala.[6]]

Agra
water, however, he had to ultimately move his headquarters to Agra Fort. Buland Darwāza or ’the lofty gateway’ was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 CE. at Fatehpūr Sikrī. Akbar built the Buland Darwāza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The Buland Darwāza is approached by 42 steps. The Buland Darwāza is 53.63 m high and 35 meters wide. The Buland Darwāza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by carving and black and white marble inlays. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwāza demonstrates Akbar’s religious broadmindedness, it is a message from Jesus advising his followers not to consider this world as their permanent home.

I’timād-Ud-Daulah

Fatehpūr Sikrī

The ’Itmad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb at Agra’ The Empress Nūr Jahān built I’timād-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb, sometimes called the ’Baby Tāj’, for her father, Mirzā Ghiyās Beg, the Chief Minister of the Emperor Jahāngīr. Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden crisscrossed by water courses and walkways. The mausoleum itself covers about twenty-three square meters, and is built on a base about fifty meters square and about one meter high. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen meters tall. Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes described as a jewel box. Its garden layout and use of white marble, pietra dura, inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of the Tāj Mahal. The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations - cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz in images of cypress trees

Diwan-i-Khas – Hall of Private Audience The Mughal Emperor Akbar built Fatehpūr Sikrī about 35 km from Agra, and moved his capital there. Later abandoned, the site displays a number of buildings of significant historical importance. A World Heritage Site, it is often visited by tourists. The name of the place came about after the Mughal Emperor Bābar defeated Rāṇā Sāngā in a battle at a place called Sikrī (about 40 km from Agra). Then the Mughal Emperor Akbar wanted to make Fatehpūr Sikrī his head quarters, so he built a majestic fort; due to shortage of

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and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. Light penetrates to the interior through delicate jālī screens of intricately carved white marble. Many of Nūr Jahān’s relatives are interred in the mausoleum. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex is that the tombs of her father and mother have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Tāj Mahal

Agra
marble, are life-like and not seen anywhere else in India. The picture shown is taken from the rear of the building and shows only two floors. When completed, the Samādhi will have a carved dome and a gateway.

Mankameshwar Temple
The Mankameswar Temple is one of four ancient temples dedicated to Lord Shiva located on the four corners of Agra City. It is located near the Jāma Masjid and is about 2.5 kilometers from the Tāj Mahal and less than 1 km from Agra Fort. Being located in the old city, the temple is surrounded by markets, many of which date back to the Mughal Era.

Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra

Gurū kā Tal
Gurū kā Tal was originally a reservoir meant to collect and conserve rainwater built in Agra, near Sikandra, during Jahāngīr’s reign next to the Tomb of I’tibār Khān Khwājasara in 1610. In 1970s a gurdwāra was erected here. Gurū kā Tal is a holy place of worship for the Sikhs. Four of the ten Sikh Gurus are said to have paid it a visit. Enjoying both historical and religious importance, this gurdwāra attracts a large number of devotees and tourists. Boasting elaborate stone carvings and 8 towers of the twelve original towers. It is located by national (Delhi-Agra) highway-2.

Tomb of Akbar the Great Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, is on the Delhi-Agra Highway, only 13 kilometres from the Agra Fort. Akbar’s tomb reflects the completeness of his personality. The vast, beautifully carved, red-ochre sandstone tomb with deers, rabbits and langoors is set amidst a lush garden. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it. To construct a tomb in one’s lifetime was a Turkic custom which the Mughals followed religiously. Akbar’s son Jahāngīr completed construction of this pyramidal tomb in 1613. The names of the Gods of ninety-nine religious sects have been inscribed on the tomb.

Jamā Masjid
The Jāma Masjid is a large mosque attributed to Shah Jahan’s daughter, Princess Jahanara Begum, built in 1648, notable for its unusual dome and absence of minarets. The inscription at its entrance shows that it costed Rs 5 Lakhs at that time for its completion

Chīnī kā Rauza
Notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, the Chīnī kā Rauza is dedicated to the Prime Minister of Shāh Jahān, ’Allāma Afzal Khāl Mullā Shukrullāh of Shirāz.

Swāmī Bāgh Samādhi
The Swāmī Bāgh Samādhi is the mausoleum of Huzūr Swāmijī Mahārāj (Shrī Shiv Dayāl Singh Seth) in the Swāmībāgh section, on the high road that goes from Bhagwan Talkies to Dayāl Bāgh, in the outskirts of the city. He was the founder of the Radhāswāmī Faith and the Samādhi is sacred to its followers. Construction began in February 1904 and still continues. Many believe that construction will never end at Swāmī Bāgh - it is often seen as the next Tāj Mahal. The carvings in stone, using a combination or coloured

Rām Bāgh
The oldest Mughal garden in India, the Rām Bāgh was built by the Emperor Bābar in 1528 on the bank of the Yamuna. It lies about 2.34 km north of the Tāj Mahal. The pavilions in this garden are designed so that the wind from the Yamuna, combined with the greenery, keeps them cool even during the peak of

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summer. The original name of the gardens was Ārām Bāgh, or ’Garden of Relaxation’, and this was where the Mughal emperor Bābar used to spend his leisure time and where he eventually died. His body was kept here for sometime before sending it to Kabul

Agra

Mariam’s Tomb
Mariams Tomb, is the tomb of Mariam, the wife of great Mughal Emperor Akbar. The tomb is within the compound of the Christian Missionary Society.

Mehtāb Bāgh
The Mehtāb Bāgh, or ’Moonlight Garden’, is on the opposite bank of the River Yamuna from the Tāj Mahal.

Keetham Lake
Also known as Sur Sarovar, Keetham Lake is situated about 23 kilometres from Agra, within the Surdas Reserved Forest. The lake has an impressive variety of aquatic life and water birds.

Mughal Heritage Walk
The Mughal Heritage Walk is a part of community development programme being implemented with support of Agra Municipal corporation, USAID and an NGO; Center for Urban and Regional Excellence. It seeks to build sustainable livelihoods for youth and women from low resource communities and improving their living environments through infrastructure services and integration within the city. The Mughal Heritage Walk is a one kilometer loop which connects the agricultural fields with the Rajasthani culture, river bank connected with the ancient village of Kuchhpura, the Heritage Structure of Mehtab Bagh, the Mughal aqueduct system, the Humanyun Mosque and the Gyarah Sidi.

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Agra. Mughal Emperor Panch MaAkbar’s Tomb, hal in near Agra, India. Fatehpur Sikri.

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Soami Bagh Samadh, in Dayalbagh.

Agra

Economy

The Sadar Bazar market in the Agra Cantonment

A shopping mall situated on the Fatehabad Road in Agra, U.P. Tourism contributes to a large extent in the economy of Agra. Agra has some of the finest Hotels and Spas in India. Agra is home to Asia’s largest spa called Kaya Kalp — The Royal Spa, at the Hotel Mughal in Agra [1]. The city also has a substantial industrial base. A lot of manufacturing plants and industry related wholesale markets are prominent in Agra. Agra’s industries are doing a fine job in various fields. Producers and dealers of Agra have a vast market to support them. Agra has a good number of apparel and garment manufacturers and exporters. Agra has also an important market for the automobile industry. Anil Diesels, Harvest Group of Industries, Indian Agriculture & Automobile Corporation(IAAC) and Malloys India are some of the major players of the automobile industry in Agra. Over 7200 Small Scale Industrial Units are spared all over the district. Agra city is famous for the Leather Goods, Handicrafts, Zari Zardozi, Marvel and Stone carving & inlay work. Agra is also welknown for its sweets (Petha & Gajak) and Snacks (Dalmoth) The leather industry is among the most traditional and original industries of Agra. Some of the leading manufacturers, exporter and sellers of leather in Agra are Polyplast Industries, Royal International, Eskay Sales Corporation, Best Buy, Bandejjia Traders and Expomore.

An Agra craftsman working with marble stone inlays. The marble is colored red to give contrast while working. With the expansion of the Agra city, more and more construction works are going around the city. To facilitate the flow of work, a lot of organizations dealing in building materials have come up. A few leading names are Silver Gatta Agency, Yashoda Exports, Glass Expressions and Sharda Enterprises. The jeweleries of Agra is a great favorite with the tourists and is in good demand in the international market also. The Yoga Handicrafts and the D.R.Chain and Wire Manufacturing Company are two of the several important names of the related industry.

Education
Agra has always been a centre for education and learning. It was during the advent of Mughal era that Agra grew as a centre of Islamic education. In the coming decades Agra saw great literary figures come from the city. Abul Fazl and others were among

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the pioneers. The Urdu literature grew by leaps and bounds in the city. Mir Taqi "Mir" and Mirza Asadullah Beg "Ghalib" were the icons produced by the city. British people introduced the western concept of education in Agra. In the year 1823, Agra College, one of the oldest colleges in India was formed out of a Sanskrit school established by the Scindia rulers. In the British era, Agra became a great center of Hindi literature with people like Babu Gulab Rai at the helm.

Agra
Headquartered in Agra the institute has eight regional centers in Delhi, Hyderabad, Mysore, Shillong, Dimapur, Guwahati, Ahmedabad and Bhubneshwar. The institute is the only government run institution in India established solely for research and teaching of Hindi as a foreign and second language.

Colleges
Agra is also home to some of the oldest and renowned colleges • The Institute of Engineering & Technology Khandari, Agra (I.E.T. Khandari, Agra), is the prestigious and renowned engineering institute of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra (formerly Agra University), situated at Khandari, Agra in Uttar Pradesh. • Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, named after the first lady Governess of Uttar Pradesh, poetess and freedom fighter, Bharat Kokila Smt. Sarojini Naidu, is one of the first three Medical Schools of the country. During year 2004-2005, S. N. Medical College & Hospital is celebrating its 150th Foundation year (1854-2004) • St. John’s College, Agra was established in 1850 by the Church Missionary Society of England through the efforts of the Agra C. M. S. Association which came into being in 1840. Shankar Dayal Sharma, the 9th President of India received his education from St. John’s college. • F.E.T Agra College,Agra, Carrying the legacy of Agra College and Agra University, Faculty of Engineering and technology came into existence in the Year 2000, the college which is nearly 9 years old can boast of strong alumni base which is spread all across the world. • Raja Balwant Singh College, RBS College is one of the biggest college of Asia and was started by Awagarh Kingdom. This college has the largest campus area and maximum number of education branches. • Anand Engineering College, Agra is affiliated to U.P Technical University Lucknow. It is a part of SGI(Sarda Group of Institutions) a well known educational group of North India. • B.M.A.S Engineering College, Agra is affiliated to U.P Technical University Lucknow. It is a part of SGI(Sarda Group

Universities in Agra
• Agra University was established on 1 July 1927 and catered to colleges spread across the United Provinces, the Rajputana, the Central Provinces and almost to entire North India, at present around 142 Colleges are affiliated to this University. The historic Agra University was later rechristened as Dr. BhimRao Ambedkar University by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Ms. Mayawati. • Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Radhasoami Satsang Sabha, started the Radhasoami Educational Institute, as a coeducational Middle School, open to all, on January 1, 1917. It became a Degree College in 1947, affiliated to Agra University. In 1975, it formulated an innovative and comprehensive programme of undergraduate studies which received approbation from the Government of Uttar Pradesh and the University Grants Commission, as a result of which in 1981 the Ministry of Education, Government of India, conferred the status of an institution deemed to be a University on the Dayalbagh Educational Institute, to implement the new scheme. • Central Institute of Hindi, Central Institute of Hindi (also known as Kendriya Hindi Sansthan) is an autonomous institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India engaged in teaching Hindi as a foreign and second language. Apart from running regular and residential Hindi language courses for foreign students, the institute also conducts regular training programmes for teachers of Hindi belonging to non-Hindi states of India.The institute is situated at a 11 acres (4.5 ha) campus on the outskirts of Agra city.

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of Institutions) a well known educational group of North India.

Agra
• Radha Ballabh Inter College, Amar Vihar, DayalBagh, Agra • Swami Vivekanand Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Agra Cantt

Schools
British people also introduced English medium schools to the city known as convent schools as they were attached to a church. Some of the prominent schools areç • Avanti Bai Inter College , Trans yamunna II , Agra • Air Force School, Kheria, Agra. • Army School Agra Cantt. • Government Inter College, Agra. • Radhaswami Educational Institute,DayalBagh,Agra • RBS Inter College, Khandari, Agra • N. C. V. Inter college, Agra Cantt. • St. Peter’s College, Agra [2], built in 1846, is in fact one of the oldest of its kind in the country. • Sumeet Rahul Goel Memorial Senior Secondary School, Kamla Nagar, Agra • St. Patrick’s Junior College, Agra [Built in 1842, 1st Convent of Jesus and Mary in Asia, and IInd in the world] • St. Conrad’s Inter College, Transport Nagar • St. George’s College, Hariparvat • Royal Public School, Transyamuna, NH-2, Agra • Simpkins School,Maruti Estate,Agra • St. Andrew’s Senior Secondary School, karmayogi Enclave • DPS, Shastripuram • St. Clare’s Senior Secondary School • St. Francis Convent School, Wazirpura Road, Agra • B.R.B. Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Runakta, Agra • St.Paul’s Church College, bagh farzana agra • Wellam Garden School, Nehru Enclave, Shaheed Nagar • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir, Vijay Nagar, Agra • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir, Kamla Nagar, Agra • Indrabhan G. Inter College, Daresi NO. 2, Agra • Mahavir Digember Jain Inter College Agra

References
[1] Monier Williams’ Sanskrit Lexicon. http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/ [2] District Profile - Government Website [3] http://asi.nic.in/ asi_monu_whs_agrafort.asp [4] "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20040616075334/ http://www.censusindia.net/results/ town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved on 2008-11-01. [5] Agra City - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 83-84. [6] Refer to ’History of Bekal Fort’ by Nandakumar Koroth.

Further reading
• A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri, and the Neighbourhood, by E. B. Havell, 1904.

External links
• Official Website of Agra maintained by NIC • 27°11′24″N 78°00′36″E / 27.190000°N 78.010000°E / 27.190000; 78.010000 • Official Website of Taj Mahotsav • Agra travel guide from Wikitravel • Gurudwara Guru Ka Tal, Agra • Agra City Guide • Agra photo album • More history About Taj • Travel Guide by a Citizen of Agra

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agra" Categories: Settlements established in 1504, Cities and towns in Agra district, Places of Indian Rebellion of 1857, Agra railway division, Divisions of Indian Railways, North Central Railway Zone, Tourism in Uttar Pradesh

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Agra

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