AFRICAN MASKS VA7PR.1e., VA7PR.1h., VA7C.1a. Essential Question: How can we create an artwork to better understand a diverse culture? African masks often represent the spirits of dead ancestors. Masked family members act out special rituals to pass on sacred teachings from one generation to the next. Tribal gatherings, festivals and other ceremonies are also occasions for which masks are worn. Steps: Materials: 1. Draw a mask. On the 12X18 sheet of construction 12X18 bright white construction paper Pencil paper, draw and African Mask in pencil then cover the pencil lines with a black permanent marker. Refer to Scissors Dried beans Raffia Synthetic animal furs mask templates for ideas. Spray dyes Tissue Paper 2. Cut pieces of tissue paper for the mask drawing. Paint Brushes Liquid starch Choose areas for tissue paper. Lay a piece over the Oil pastels drawing and trace and cut out the shape. Permanent Markers Watercolors 3. Glue tissue to mask. Brush the liquid starch onto the African Stamps White Glue mask and adhere the tissue. Brush over the top. 4. Color areas of the mask with marker. Permanent markers will not bleed when sprayed with dye which is done in step 5. 5. Spray the mask with dye. Work with lighter colors first. 6. Untwist raffia and snip into “fringe.” 7. Glue black beans and fur pieces to mask for added detail. 8. Add additional African symbols and imagery to the outside of the mask area.
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